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1.
Biochem Soc Trans ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630434

RESUMO

Inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) is widely recognized for playing important roles and processes involved in energy and phosphate storage, regulation of gene expression, and calcium signaling. The less well-known role of polyP is as a direct mediator of ion transport across biological membranes. Here, we will briefly summarize current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of how polyP can be involved in membrane ion transport. We discuss three types of mechanisms that might involve polyP: (1) formation of non-protein channel complex that includes calcium, polyP, and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB); (2) modulation of the channel activity of PHBlated protein channels; and (3) direct effects of polyP on the function of the voltage-gated ion channels in the process that do not involve PHB.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1363405, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633304

RESUMO

Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD) are prevalent inflammatory skin disorders, each stemming from diverse factors, and characterized by recurring episodes. In certain complex cases, the clinical and pathological features exhibit overlapping and atypical characteristics, making accurate clinical diagnosis and targeted treatment a challenge. Psoriasiform dermatitis is the term used to describe such cases. Moreover, when patients have a history of malignancy, the situation becomes even more intricate, resulting in limited treatment options. Biologic therapies have transformed the management of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis and AD. Meanwhile, the safety of biologics in special populations, especially among patients with a history of malignancy, should be underlined. The selective Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor abrocitinib has been approved for the treatment of AD and has showed satisfying efficacy and safety in the treatment of psoriasis in clinical trials. Although unreported, JAK1 inhibitors are thought to have the potential to increase the risk of potential tumors. Apremilast, an oral phosphodiesterase (PDE)-4 inhibitor, is approved for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. It has been investigated for its efficacy in AD, and is not contraindicated in malignancy. This report presents three cases of psoriasiform dermatitis in patients with a history of malignancy, showcasing significant improvement following treatment with systemic glucocorticoid, abrocitinib, or apremilast.

3.
Physiol Mol Biol Plants ; 30(2): 269-285, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623159

RESUMO

The plant Sesuvium portulacastrum L., commonly referred to as sea purslane, is a perennial halophytic species with significant potential for development in marine ecological restoration. However, its growth is limited in high-latitude regions with lower temperatures due to its subtropical nature. Furthermore, literature on its cold tolerance is scarce. This study, therefore, focused on sea purslane plants naturally overwintering in Ningbo (29°77'N), investigating their morphological, histological, rooting, and physiological responses to low temperatures (7 °C, 11 °C, 15 °C, and 19 °C). The findings indicated an escalation in cold damage severity with decreasing temperatures. At 7 °C, the plants failed to root and subsequently perished. In contrast, at 11 °C, root systems developed, while at 15 °C and 19 °C, the plants exhibited robust growth, outperforming the 11 °C group in terms of leaf number and root length significantly (P < 0.05). Histological analyses showed a marked reduction in leaf thickness under cold stress (P < 0.05), with disorganized leaf structure observed in the 7 °C group, whereas it remained stable at higher temperatures. No root primordia were evident in the vascular cambium of the 7 and 11 °C groups, in contrast to the 15 and 19 °C groups. Total chlorophyll content decreased with temperature, following the order: 19 °C > 15 °C > 11 °C > 7 °C. Notably, ascorbic acid levels were significantly higher in the 7 and 11 °C groups than in the 15 and 19 °C groups. Additionally, the proline concentration in the 7 °C group was approximately fourfold higher than in the 19 °C group. Activities of antioxidant enzymes-superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase-were significantly elevated in the 7 and 11 °C groups compared to the 15 and 19 °C groups. Moreover, the malondialdehyde content in the 7 °C group (36.63 ± 1.75 nmol/g) was significantly higher, about 5.5 and 9.6 times, compared to the 15 °C and 19 °C groups, respectively. In summary, 7 °C is a critical threshold for sea purslane stem segments; below this temperature, cellular homeostasis is disrupted, leading to an excessive accumulation of lipid peroxides and subsequent death due to an inability to neutralize excess reactive oxygen species. At 11 °C, although photosynthesis is impaired, self-protective mechanisms such as enhanced antioxidative systems and osmoregulation are activated. However, root development is compromised, resulting in stunted growth. These results contribute to expanding the geographic distribution of sea purslane and provide a theoretical basis for its ecological restoration in high-latitude mariculture. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12298-024-01429-6.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598155

RESUMO

Formaldehyde (HCHO) is one of the primary indoor air pollutants, and efficiently eliminating it, especially at low concentrations, remains challenging. In this study, BiVO4-TiO2 catalyst was developed using ultrasonic blending technology for the photocatalytic oxidation of low-level indoor HCHO. The crystal structure, surface morphology, element distribution, and active oxidation species of the catalyst were examined using XRD, SEM, TEM, UV-Vis, EDS, and ESR techniques. Our results demonstrated that the BiVO4-TiO2 catalyst, prepared by ultrasonic blending, exhibited good oxidation performance and stability. The HCHO concentration reduced from 1.050 to 0.030 mg/m3 within 48 h, achieving a removal rate of 97.1%. The synergy between BiVO4 and TiO2 enhanced the efficiency of separating photogenerated carriers and minimized the likelihood of recombination between photogenerated electrons and holes. Additionally, this synergy significantly enhanced the presence of hydroxyl radicals (·OH) on the catalyst, resulting in an oxidation performance superior to that of either BiVO4 or TiO2. Our research offers valuable insights for the development of new photocatalysts to address HCHO pollution.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1294755, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515855

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia (HUA), a severe metabolic disease derived from purine metabolism disorder, will lead to abnormally increased serum uric acid (SUA) levels in the body. Studies have shown that HUA is highly related to gout, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney diseases, and so on. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) shows excellent results in treating HUA because of its unique advantages of multi-metabolites and multi-targets. This article reports on the use of TCM components for uric acid (UA)-lowering activity with excellent efficacy and low side effects based on established HUA models. This work summarizes the advantages and limitations of various HUA disease models for efficacy evaluation. Applications of TCM in HUA treatment have also been discussed in detail. This paper reveals recent research progress on HUA in constructing evaluation models and systematic TCM interventions. It will provide a scientific reference for establishing the HUA model and suggest future TCM-related HUA studies.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172038, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552967

RESUMO

Heavy metals (HMs) in PM2.5 gain much attention for their toxicity and carcinogenic risk. This study evaluates the health risks of PM2.5-bound HMs, focusing on how meteorological conditions affect these risks against the backdrop of PM2.5 reduction trends in China. By applying a receptor model with a meteorological normalization technique, followed by health risk assessment, this work reveals emission-driven changes in health risk of source-specific HMs in the outskirt of Tianjin during the implementation of China' second Clean Air Action (2018-2020). Sources of PM2.5-bound HMs were identified, with significant contributions from vehicular emissions (on average, 33.4 %), coal combustion (26.3 %), biomass burning (14.1 %), dust (11.7 %), industrial boilers (9.7 %), and shipping emission and sea salt (4.7 %). The source-specific emission-driven health risk can be enlarged or dwarfed by the changing meteorological conditions over time, demonstrating that the actual risks from these source emissions for a given time period may be higher or smaller than those estimated by traditional assessments. Meteorology contributed on average 56.1 % to the interannual changes in source-specific carcinogenic risk of HMs from 2018 to 2019, and 5.6 % from 2019 to 2020. For the source-specific noncarcinogenic risk changes, the contributions were 38.3 % and 46.4 % for the respective periods. Meteorology exerts a more profound impact on daily risk (short-term trends) than on annual risk (long-term trends). Such meteorological impacts differ among emission sources in both sign and magnitude. Reduced health risks of HMs were largely from targeted regulatory measures on sources. Therefore, the meteorological covariates should be considered to better evaluate the health benefits attributable to pollution control measures in health risk assessment frameworks.

7.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 109, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical-radiomics nomogram based on clinical information and radiomics features to predict the prognosis of percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN). METHODS: The retrospective study involved clinical data from 149 TN patients undergoing PBC at Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University from January 2018 to January 2022. The free open-source software 3D Slicer was used to extract all radiomic features from the intraoperative X-ray balloon region. The relationship between clinical information and TN prognosis was analyzed by univariate logistic analysis and multivariate logistic analysis. Using R software, the optimal radiomics features were selected using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) algorithm. A prediction model was constructed based on the clinical information and radiomic features, and a nomogram was visualized. The performance of the clinical radiomics nomogram in predicting the prognosis of PBC in TN treatment was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: A total of 149 patients were eventually included. The clinical factors influencing the prognosis of TN in univariate analysis were compression severity score and TN type. The lasso algorithm Max-Relevance and Min-Redundancy(mRMR) was used to select two predictors from 13 morphology-related radiomics features, including elongation and surface-volume ratio. A total of 4 predictors were used to construct a prediction model and nomogram. The AUC was 0.886(95% confidence interval (CI), 0.75 to 0.96), indicating that the model's good predictive ability. DCA demonstrated the nomogram's high clinical applicability. CONCLUSION: Clinical-radiomics nomogram constructed by combining clinical information and morphology-related radiomics features have good potential in predicting the prognosis of TN for PBC treatment. However, this needs to be further studied and validated in several independent external patient populations.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Humanos , 60570 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Prognóstico
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(6)2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544013

RESUMO

Earth observation by remote sensing plays a crucial role in granite extraction, and many current studies use thermal infrared data from sensors such as ASTER. The challenge lies in the low spatial resolution of these satellites, hindering precise rock type identification. A breakthrough emerges with the Thermal Infrared Spectrometer (TIS) on the Sustainable Development Science Satellite 1 (SDGSAT-1) launched by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. With an exceptional 30 m spatial resolution, SDGSAT-1 TIS opens avenues for accurate granite extraction using remote sensing. This study, exemplified in Xinjiang's Karamay region, introduces the BR-ISauvola method, leveraging SDGSAT-1 TIS data. The approach combines band ratio with adaptive k-value selection using local grayscale statistical features for Sauvola thresholding. Focused on large-scale granite extraction, results show F1 scores above 70% for Otsu, Sauvola, and BR-ISauvola. Notably, BR-ISauvola achieves the highest accuracy at 82.11%, surpassing Otsu and Sauvola by 9.62% and 0.34%, respectively. This underscores the potential of SDGSAT-1 TIS data as a valuable resource for granite extraction. The proposed method efficiently utilizes spectral information, presenting a novel approach for rapid granite extraction using remote sensing TIS imagery, even in scenarios with low spectral resolution and a single data source.

9.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26673, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463867

RESUMO

Background and objective: Cerebral edema (CED) is a serious complication of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), especially in patients with large hemispheric infarction (LHI). Herein, a deep learning-based approach is implemented to extract CSF from T2-Weighted Imaging (T2WI) and evaluate the relationship between quantified cerebrospinal fluid and outcomes. Methods: Patients with acute LHI who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included. We used a deep learning algorithm to segment the CSF from T2WI. The hemispheric CSF ratio was calculated to evaluate its relationship with the degree of brain edema and prognosis in patients with LHI. Results: For the 93 included patients, the left and right cerebrospinal fluid regions were automatically extracted with a mean Dice similarity coefficient of 0.830. Receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that hemispheric CSF ratio was an accurate marker for qualitative severe cerebral edema (area under receiver-operating-characteristic curve 0.867 [95% CI, 0.781-0.929]). Multivariate logistic regression analysis of functional prognosis showed that previous stroke (OR = 5.229, 95% CI 1.013-26.984), ASPECT≤6 (OR = 13.208, 95% CI 1.136-153.540) and low hemispheric CSF ratio (OR = 0.966, 95% CI 0.937-0.997) were significantly associated with higher chances for unfavorable functional outcome in patients with LHI. Conclusions: Automated assessment of CSF volume provides an objective biomarker of cerebral edema that can be leveraged to quantify the degree of cerebral edema and confirm its predictive effect on outcomes after LHI.

10.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474696

RESUMO

Heavy crude oil poses challenges in terms of extraction and transportation due to its high viscosity. In the pursuit of effective methods to reduce viscosity in heavy crude oil, this study investigates the potential of imidazolium chloride ionic liquids with varying alkyl chain lengths as viscosity reducers. The experimental results demonstrate that the addition of 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazole chloride ([C12-MIM]Cl) leads to a maximum viscosity reduction of 49.87%. Solubility parameters were calculated based on characterization of the average molecular structure of the asphaltenes. The viscosity reduction effect is enhanced when the solubility parameter of the ionic liquid closely matches that of the asphaltene. The initial asphaltene deposition point of heavy crude oil is increased from 63% to 68% with the addition of 150 mg/L [C12-MIM]Cl. Furthermore, the average particle size of asphaltene deposits decreases from 79.35 µm to 48.54 µm. The viscosity of heavy crude oil is influenced by the aggregation of asphaltenes. The ability of ionic liquids, especially those with longer alkyl chains, to disperse asphaltene molecules and reduce viscosity has been confirmed through molecular dynamics and quantum mechanical simulations.

11.
ACS Omega ; 9(5): 5215-5223, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343964

RESUMO

Understanding water transport in pore structures is essential for studying the impact of water leakage on oil and gas development in shale reservoirs. Previous apparent liquid permeability models have focused on describing the flow mechanism and paid less attention to the quantification of multiscale porous media within real samples and the convenience of numerically calculating multiscale flow-solid coupling. This study presents a multicomponent, multiscale pore spatial model by combining a representative elementary area (REA)-scale shale matrix grid model and fractal conical micropipe bundle model, facilitating quantification of the complex pore space in shale. The well-researched water-transport behavior in nanopores was then increased to describe REA-scale shale. The results show that the fractal conical micropipe model is more suitable for describing the heterogeneous pore structures of shale components than the fractal capillary bundle model. Wettability and fluid viscosity are key factors affecting the permeability enhancement of organic matter (OM) and inorganic matter (IOM), respectively. The degree of influence of OM heterogeneity on the total permeability of REA-scale shale depends on the total organic carbon content and permeability contrast between OM and IOM. Finally, an empirical model describing the macroscopic apparent liquid permeability of shale matrices was established that could quantify the effects of scale and porosity and permeability heterogeneity on permeability in shale matrices. The findings of this study can help us to better understand pore systems and fluid flow phenomena in shale matrices.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25144, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322888

RESUMO

HuaChanSu is active water extracts from the skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor. It has been already used to treat clinical cancers including HCC (Hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC), however, the molecular mechanisms under HuaChanSu's anti-cancer effects remain unclear. PPP (Pentose phosphate pathway, PPP), the major source of ribose and NADPH (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, NADPH), is always over-activated and particularly critical for tumor cells growth. In this study, firstly, we illustrate that HuaChanSu restrains the growth of human hepatoma cells. More importantly, we demonstrate that the expression of G6PD (Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, G6PD), the first rate-limiting enzyme of the PPP, is restrained in human hepatoma cells after treatment with HuaChanSu. Additionally, our results show that G6PD enzyme activity and dimer formation are inhibited by HuaChanSu. Furthermore, we find that HuaChanSu could inhibit NADPH production and nucleotide level. In addition, we identify that expression of PLK1 (Polo-like kinase 1, PLK1) is also reduced in response to HuaChanSu, and knockdown of PLK1 restrains enzyme activity and dimer formation of G6PD, but has no effect on G6PD protein level. Subsequently, we demonstrate that inhibition of G6PD could restrain the proliferation of tumor cells and enhance the inhibitory effect of HuaChanSu on cell proliferation of human hepatoma cells. In conclusion, for the first time, our study reveals that HuaChanSu interferes with PPP via suppression of G6PD expression and enzyme activity to restrain growth of tumor cells, and these results provide a novel insight for the anti-hepatoma mechanisms of HuaChanSu and promote the innovation of the research model of TCM. Moreover, the development of drugs targeting abnormal tumor metabolism is currently a hot topic, our works provide theoretical support for further drug development from HuaChanSu, meanwhile, the revelation of the new molecular mechanism also provides a new perspective for the study of the pathogenesis of liver cancer. Short abstract: HuaChanSu suppresses expression of G6PD, the first rate-limiting enzyme of the PPP, restrains G6PD enzyme activity and dimer formation via inhibition of PLK1, knockdown of G6PD could impair the growth of human hepatoma cells and increase the blocking effect of HuaChanSu on cell proliferation of cancer cells. In addition, HuaChanSu restrains NADPH production and nucleotide level, implying the suppression of PPP flux. Our study suggests that HuaChanSu interferes with PPP via G6PD inhibition to exert anti-hepatoma effects.

13.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1352841, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352042

RESUMO

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) plays a crucial role in all-weather and all-day Earth observation owing to its distinctive imaging mechanism. However, interpreting SAR images is not as intuitive as optical images. Therefore, to make SAR images consistent with human cognitive habits and assist inexperienced people in interpreting SAR images, a generative model is needed to realize the translation from SAR images to optical ones. In this work, inspired by the processing of the human brain in painting, a novel conditional image-to-image translation framework is proposed for SAR to optical image translation based on the diffusion model. Firstly, considering the limited performance of existing CNN-based feature extraction modules, the model draws insights from the self-attention and long-skip connection mechanisms to enhance feature extraction capabilities, which are aligned more closely with the memory paradigm observed in the functioning of human brain neurons. Secondly, addressing the scarcity of SAR-optical image pairs, data augmentation that does not leak the augmented mode into the generated mode is designed to optimize data efficiency. The proposed SAR-to-optical image translation method is thoroughly evaluated using the SAR2Opt dataset. Experimental results demonstrate its capacity to synthesize high-fidelity optical images without introducing blurriness.

14.
Sci Adv ; 10(7): eadk1721, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363834

RESUMO

Characterizing the tumor microenvironment at the molecular level is essential for understanding the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and evolution. However, the specificity of the blood proteome in localized region of the tumor and its linkages with other systems is difficult to investigate. Here, we propose a spatially multidimensional comparative proteomics strategy using glioma as an example. The blood proteome signature of tumor microenvironment was specifically identified by in situ collection of arterial and venous blood from the glioma region of the brain for comparison with peripheral blood. Also, by integrating with different dimensions of tissue and peripheral blood proteomics, the information on the genesis, migration, and exchange of glioma-associated proteins was revealed, which provided a powerful method for tumor mechanism research and biomarker discovery. The study recruited multidimensional clinical cohorts, allowing the proteomic results to corroborate each other, reliably revealing biological processes specific to gliomas, and identifying highly accurate biomarkers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Proteômica/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Biomarcadores , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Plant Signal Behav ; 19(1): 2318509, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375800

RESUMO

Crabapple is a valuable tree species in gardens due to its captivating array of flower and leaf colors, rendering it a favored choice in landscaping. The economic and ornamental values of Malus crabapple are closely associated with the biosynthesis of anthocyanin, a pigment responsible for its vibrant hues. The intricate regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis involves the concerted activity of various genes. However, the specific mechanism governing this process in crabapple warrants in-depth exploration. In this study, we explored the inhibitory role of MsMYB62-like in anthocyanin biosynthesis. We identified MsDFR and MsANS as two downstream target genes of MsMYB62-like. These genes encode enzymes integral to the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway. The findings demonstrate that MsMYB62-like directly binds to the promoters of MsDFR and MsANS, resulting in the downregulation of their expression levels. Additionally, our observations indicate that the plant hormone cytokinins exert a suppressive effect on the expression levels of MsMYB62-like, while concurrently upregulating MsDFR and MsANS. This study reveals that the MsMYB62-like-MsDFR/MsANS module plays an important role in governing anthocyanin levels in Malus crabapple. Notably, the regulatory interplay is modulated by the plant hormone cytokinins.


Assuntos
Malus , Malus/genética , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Citocininas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
16.
J Chem Inf Model ; 64(4): 1319-1330, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346323

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been extensively employed for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, there is demand for discovering more SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibitors with diverse scaffolds to optimize anti-SARS-CoV-2 lead compounds. In this study, comprehensive in silico and in vitro assays were utilized to determine the potential inhibitors from TCM compounds against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro, which is an important therapeutic target for SARS-CoV-2. The ensemble docking analysis of 18263 TCM compounds against 15 SARS-CoV-2 Mpro conformations identified 19 TCM compounds as promising candidates. Further in vitro testing validated three compounds as inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and showed IC50 values of 4.64 ± 0.11, 7.56 ± 0.78, and 11.16 ± 0.26 µM, with EC50 values of 12.25 ± 1.68, 15.58 ± 0.77, and 29.32 ± 1.25 µM, respectively. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations indicated that the three complexes remained stable over the last 100 ns of production run. An analysis of the binding mode revealed that the active compounds occupy different subsites (S1, S2, S3, and S4) of the active site of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro via specific poses through noncovalent interactions with key amino acids (e.g., HIS 41, ASN 142, GLY 143, MET 165, GLU 166, or GLN 189). Overall, this study provides evidence indicating that the three natural products obtained from TCM could be further used for anti-COVID-19 research, justifying the investigation of Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients as bioactive constituents for therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Inibidores de Proteases/química
18.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(1): 112-136, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410234

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal coagulation is a common feature of glioma. There is a strong correlation between coagulation and the complement system, named complement and coagulation cascades (CCC). However, the role of CCC genes in lower-grade glioma (LGG) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of CCC genes in LGG. Methods: In total, 5,628 differential expressed genes were identified between 498 LGG tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and 207 normal brain tissues from Genotype-Tissue Expression Project (GTEx). Among them, 20 overlapped CCC genes were identified as differentially expressed CCC genes. Then, comprehensive bioinformatics analysis was used to investigate the role of CCC genes in LGG; 271 LGG tissues from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) were used as the validation dataset. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) proliferation assay, colony formation assay, and wound healing assay were conducted to explore the anti-glioma effect of the sensitive drugs we predicted. Results: We constructed a risk signature consisting of six CCC genes, including F2R, SERPINA1, TFPI, C1QC, C2, and C3AR1. The CCC gene-based risk signature could accurately predict the prognosis of patients with LGG. In addition, we found that the JAK-STAT, NOD-like receptor, Notch, PI3K-Akt, and Rap1 signaling pathways might be activated and had crosstalk with CCC in the high-risk group. Our findings analyses demonstrated that samples in high- and low-risk groups had different immune landscapes. Moreover, patients in the high-risk group might have greater resistance to immunotherapy. We validated the accuracy of the risk signature in predicting immunotherapy response in two public immunotherapy cohorts, GSE135222 and GSE78220. By means of oncoPredict, MG-132, BMS-536924, PLX-4720, and AZD6482 were identified as potential sensitive drugs for high-risk patients, of which MG-132 was particularly recommended for high-risk patients. We performed in vitro experiments to explore the anti-glioma effect of MG-132, and the results demonstrated MG-132 could inhibit the proliferation and migration of glioma cells. Conclusions: Our findings show that CCC genes are associated with the prognosis and immune infiltration of LGG and provide possible immunotherapeutic and novel chemotherapeutic strategies for patients with LGG based on the risk signature.

19.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 25, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413984

RESUMO

Over the past few years, dual-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been employed in the management of hematological malignancies to mitigate treatment failure, particularly in cases of antigen escape. The most widely used approaches include CD19/CD20, CD20/CD22, and BCMA/CD19 CAR T-cells. Alternative immune cells, including natural killer T cells and invariant natural killer T cells, exhibit innate anti-tumor activity and reduced toxicity. This review summarizes several recent clinical trial reports and preclinical studies from the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) annual meeting on dual-targeted CAR T-cell immunotherapy for hematological malignancies.

20.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(4): 1082-1093, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423618

RESUMO

The appearance of recalcitrant organic pollutants such as antibiotics in water bodies has gained a lot of attention owing to their adverse effects on organisms and humans. The current study aims to develop a novel approach to eliminate antibiotic tetracycline (TC) from a synthetic aqueous solution based on the advanced oxidation process triggered by MnSO4-catalyzed NaIO4. A single-factor experiment was performed to observe the impact of pH, NaIO4 concentration, and MnSO4 dosage on TC decomposition, and a three-factor, three-level response surface experiment with TC removal rate as the dependent variable was designed based on the range of factors determined from the single-factor experiment. The single-factor experiment revealed that the ranges of pH, NaIO4 concentration, and MnSO4 dosage need to be further optimized. ANOVA (analysis of variance) results showed that the data from the response surface experiment were consistent with the quadratic model with high R2 (0.9909), and the predicted values were very close to the actual values. After optimization by response surface methodology, the optimal condition obtained was pH = 6.7, [NaIO4] = 0.39 mM, and [MnSO4] = 0.12 mM, corresponding to a TC removal of 96.56%. This optimization condition was fully considered to save the dosage of the high-priced chemical NaIO4.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Humanos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Tetraciclina/química , Antibacterianos/química , Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção
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