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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 271(Pt 1): 132333, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754686

RESUMO

The fabrication of scaffolds capable of the sustained release of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to promote angiogenesis for a long time remains a challenge in tissue engineering. Here, we report a facile approach for effectively fabricating a bioactive scaffold that gradually releases VEGF to promote angiogenesis. The scaffold was fabricated by coating polydopamine (PDA) on a konjac glucomannan (KGM) scaffold, followed by the surface immobilization of VEGF with PDA. The resulting VEGF-PDA/KGM scaffold, with a porous and interconnected microstructure (392 µm pore size with 84.80 porosity), combined the features of long-term biodegradability (10 weeks with 51 % degradation rate), excellent biocompatibility, and sustained VEGF release for up to 21 days. The bioactive VEGF-PDA/KGM scaffold exhibited multiple angiogenic activities over time, as confirmed by in vivo and in vitro experiments. For example, the scaffold significantly promoted the attachment and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and the formation of vascular tubes in vitro. Moreover, the in vivo results demonstrated the formation and maturation of blood vessels after subcutaneous implantation in rats for four weeks. This promising strategy is a feasible approach for producing bioactive materials that can induce angiogenesis in vivo. These findings provide a new avenue for designing and fabricating biocompatible and long-term biodegradable scaffolds for sustained VEGF release to facilitate angiogenesis.

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(19): e2315168121, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683997

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of the efficacy of immunotherapy for cancer patients through the characterization of both genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity in individual patient cells holds great promise in informing targeted treatments, and ultimately in improving care pathways and clinical outcomes. Here, we describe the nanoplatform for interrogating living cell host-gene and (micro-)environment (NICHE) relationships, that integrates micro- and nanofluidics to enable highly efficient capture of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples. The platform uses a unique nanopore-enhanced electrodelivery system that efficiently and rapidly integrates stable multichannel fluorescence probes into living CTCs for in situ quantification of target gene expression, while on-chip coculturing of CTCs with immune cells allows for the real-time correlative quantification of their phenotypic heterogeneities in response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). The NICHE microfluidic device provides a unique ability to perform both gene expression and phenotypic analysis on the same single cells in situ, allowing us to generate a predictive index for screening patients who could benefit from ICI. This index, which simultaneously integrates the heterogeneity of single cellular responses for both gene expression and phenotype, was validated by clinically tracing 80 non-small cell lung cancer patients, demonstrating significantly higher AUC (area under the curve) (0.906) than current clinical reference for immunotherapy prediction.


Assuntos
Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Humanos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Microfluídica/métodos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Fenótipo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunoterapia/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(13): 15809-15818, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515315

RESUMO

Human amniotic membranes (hAMs) are widely used as wound management biomaterials, especially as grafts for corneal reconstruction due to the structure of the extracellular matrix and excellent biological properties. However, their fragile nature and rapid degradation rate hinder widespread clinical use. In this work, we engineered a novel self-powered electronic dress (E-dress), combining the beneficial properties of an amniotic membrane and a flexible electrical electrode to enhance wound healing. The E-dress displayed a sustained discharge capacity, leading to increased epidermal growth factor (EGF) release from amniotic mesenchymal interstitial stem cells. Live/dead staining, CCK-8, and scratch-wound-closure assays were performed in vitro. Compared with amniotic membrane treatment alone, the E-dress promoted cell proliferation and migration of mouse fibroblast cells and lower cytotoxicity. In a mouse full-skin defect model, the E-dress achieved significantly accelerated wound closure. Histological analysis revealed that E-dress treatment promoted epithelialization and neovascularization in mouse skin. The E-dress exhibited a desirable flexibility that aligned with tissue organization and displayed maximum bioactivity within a short period to overcome rapid degradation, implying great potential for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Âmnio , Cicatrização , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Âmnio/metabolismo , Pele , Reepitelização , Matriz Extracelular
4.
iScience ; 27(4): 109471, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551005

RESUMO

Obesity is a complex multicausal disease that can cause morbidity and mortality, and there is need for improved knowledge on the underlying mechanisms. Using a mouse model of increased T cell responsiveness, we show that development of obesity can be driven by immune cells. This was confirmed with bone marrow transplantation and adoptive T cell transfer to several recipient mouse models. Single-cell RNA sequencing and CyTOF analysis showed that the mice display altered composition of circulating T cells and increased T cell activation in visceral adipose tissue, suggesting activated T cells as critical players in the increased fat mass. In this study, we provide evidence that obesity can be driven by immune cell activity and in particular by T cells, which could have broad implications for prevention and treatment of this condition.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474901

RESUMO

An acoustic imaging method for detecting and locating gas leaks based on a virtual ultrasonic sensor array is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. A scanning sensor array of only two sensors is used to collect the acoustic signals generated by the leakage hole. The matrix of the leakage signal is processed by the cross-power spectrum method to achieve time consistency, afterward, the location of the leakage source can be calculated by the virtual beamforming method. The influence of the number of sensors and the distance between adjacent sensors on the effect of the proposed method are compared and discussed. To verify the effectiveness and operability of the detection and localization method, several experiments were carried out. Furthermore, a series of experiments were conducted to assess the accuracy and stability of this method. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method based on a virtual sensor array can achieve highly accurate localization of gas leaks and performs well regarding stability.

6.
Protein Cell ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482631

RESUMO

Epigenetic clocks are accurate predictors of human chronological age based on the analysis of DNA methylation at specific CpG sites. However, available DNA methylation (DNAm) age predictors are based on datasets with limited ethnic representation. Moreover, a systematic comparison between DNAm data and other omics datasets has not yet been performed. To address these knowledge gaps, we generated and analyzed DNA methylation datasets from two independent Chinese cohorts, revealing age-related DNAm changes. Additionally, a DNA methylation (DNAm) aging clock (iCAS-DNAmAge) and a group of DNAm-based multi-modal clocks for Chinese individuals were developed, with most of them demonstrating strong predictive capabilities for chronological age. The clocks were further employed to predict factors influencing aging rates. The DNAm aging clock, derived from multi-modal aging features (compositeAge-DNAmAge), exhibited a close association with multi-omics changes, lifestyles, and disease status, underscoring its robust potential for precise biological age assessment. Our findings offer novel insights into the regulatory mechanism of age-related DNAm changes and extend the application of the DNAm clock for measuring biological age and aging pace, providing basis for evaluating aging intervention strategies.

7.
J Dent Sci ; 19(1): 231-245, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303843

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Nicotine is a widely known addictive and toxic substance in cigarette that exacerbates periodontitis. However, its deleterious effects on dental stem cells and subsequent implications in tissue regeneration remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the effects of nicotine on the regenerative capacity of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) based on transcriptomics and proteomics, and determined possible targeted genes associated with smoking-related periodontitis. Materials and methods: hPDLSCs were treated with different concentrations of nicotine ranging from 10-3 to 10-8 M. Transcriptomics and proteomics were performed and confirmed employing Western blot, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. A ligature-induced periodontitis mouse model was established and administrated with nicotine (16.2 µg/10 µL) via gingival sulcus. The bone resorption was assessed by micro-computed tomography and histological staining. Key genes were identified using multi-omics analysis with verifications in hPDLSCs and human periodontal tissues. Results: Based on enrichments analysis, nicotine-treated hPDLSCs exhibited decreased proliferation and differentiation abilities. Local administration of nicotine in mouse model significantly aggravated bone resorption and undermined periodontal tissue regeneration by inhibiting the endogenous dental stem cells regenerative ability. HMGCS1, GPNMB, and CHRNA7 were hub-genes according to the network analysis and corelated with proliferation and differentiation capabilities, which were also verified in both cells and tissues. Conclusion: Our study investigated the destructive effects of nicotine on the regeneration of periodontal tissues from aspects of in vitro and in vivo with the supporting information from both transcriptome and proteome, providing novel targets into the molecular mechanisms of smoking-related periodontitis.

8.
Cell Prolif ; 57(6): e13604, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318762

RESUMO

Orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) is a highly coordinated biomechanical response to orthodontic forces with active remodelling of alveolar bone but minor root resorption. Such antiresorptive properties of root relate to cementocyte mineralization, the mechanisms of which remain largely unknown. This study used the microarray analysis to explore long non-coding ribonucleic acids involved in stress-induced cementocyte mineralization. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments, including Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and Alizarin Red S staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blot, and immunofluorescence analyses of mineralization-associated factors, were conducted to verify long non-coding ribonucleic acids taurine-upregulated gene 1 (LncTUG1) regulation in stress-induced cementocyte mineralization, via targeting the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/SphK1 axis. The luciferase reporter assays, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, and co-localization assays were performed to elucidate the interactions between LncTUG1, PU.1, and TLR4. Our findings indicated that LncTUG1 overexpression attenuated stress-induced cementocyte mineralization, while blocking the TLR4/SphK1 axis reversed the inhibitory effect of LncTUG1 on stress-induced cementocyte mineralization. The in vivo findings also confirmed the involvement of TLR4/SphK1 signalling in cementocyte mineralization during OTM. Mechanistically, LncTUG1 bound with PU.1 subsequently enhanced TLR4 promotor activity and thus transcriptionally elevated the expression of TLR4. In conclusion, our data revealed a critical role of LncTUG1 in regulating stress-induced cementocyte mineralization via PU.1/TLR4/SphK1 signalling, which might provide further insights for developing novel therapeutic strategies that could protect roots from resorption during OTM.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Transativadores , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Camundongos , Transativadores/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Cemento Dentário/metabolismo , Calcificação Fisiológica/genética , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
9.
Molecules ; 29(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276619

RESUMO

DAPB, a new molecule including danshensu, borneol, and a mother nucleus of ACEI (Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors), is being developed as an antihypertensive candidate compound. A rapid, accurate, and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was established and validated for the determination of DAPB in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent SB-C18 column after protein precipitation by acetonitrile with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and deionized water with 0.02% formic acid and 5 mM NH4F (v/v) at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. Quantification was performed using electrospray positive ionization mass spectrometry in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The method was linear over the range of 2-1000 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precision was within 12%, with accuracies less than 7%. Stability was within the acceptable limits under various storage and processing conditions. No apparent matrix effect was detected. The validated method was applied to the pre-clinical pharmacokinetic study of DAPB after oral administration of 30 mg/kg and intravenous administration of 6 mg/kg in rats.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massa com Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Ratos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Acetonitrilas
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 602, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238334

RESUMO

Plants usually produce defence metabolites in non-active forms to minimize the risk of harm to themselves and spatiotemporally activate these defence metabolites upon pathogen attack. This so-called two-component system plays a decisive role in the chemical defence of various plants. Here, we discovered that Panax notoginseng, a valuable medicinal plant, has evolved a two-component chemical defence system composed of a chloroplast-localized ß-glucosidase, denominated PnGH1, and its substrates 20(S)-protopanaxadiol ginsenosides. The ß-glucosidase and its substrates are spatially separated in cells under physiological conditions, and ginsenoside hydrolysis is therefore activated only upon chloroplast disruption, which is caused by the induced exoenzymes of pathogenic fungi upon exposure to plant leaves. This activation of PnGH1-mediated hydrolysis results in the production of a series of less-polar ginsenosides by selective hydrolysis of an outer glucose at the C-3 site, with a broader spectrum and more potent antifungal activity in vitro and in vivo than the precursor molecules. Furthermore, such ß-glucosidase-mediated hydrolysis upon fungal infection was also found in the congeneric species P. quinquefolium and P. ginseng. Our findings reveal a two-component chemical defence system in Panax species and offer insights for developing botanical pesticides for disease management in Panax species.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Panax , Plantas Medicinais , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/química , Panax/química , Panax/metabolismo , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química
11.
Sci China Life Sci ; 67(3): 460-474, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38170390

RESUMO

Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), the largest family of multi-subunit E3 ubiquitin ligases in eukaryotic cells, represent core cellular machinery for executing protein degradation and maintaining proteostasis. Here, we asked what roles Cullin proteins play in human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) homeostasis and senescence. To this end, we conducted a comparative aging phenotype analysis by individually knocking down Cullin members in three senescence models: replicative senescent hMSCs, Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome hMSCs, and Werner syndrome hMSCs. Among all family members, we found that CUL2 deficiency rendered hMSCs the most susceptible to senescence. To investigate CUL2-specific underlying mechanisms, we then applied CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing technology to generate CUL2-deficient human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). When we differentiated these into hMSCs, we found that CUL2 deletion markedly accelerates hMSC senescence. Importantly, we identified that CUL2 targets and promotes ubiquitin proteasome-mediated degradation of TSPYL2 (a known negative regulator of proliferation) through the substrate receptor protein APPBP2, which in turn down-regulates one of the canonical aging marker-P21waf1/cip1, and thereby delays senescence. Our work provides important insights into how CRL2APPBP2-mediated TSPYL2 degradation counteracts hMSC senescence, providing a molecular basis for directing intervention strategies against aging and aging-related diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas Culina , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Proteínas Culina/genética , Proteínas Culina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo
12.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 52(D1): D909-D918, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870433

RESUMO

Diverse individuals age at different rates and display variable susceptibilities to tissue aging, functional decline and aging-related diseases. Centenarians, exemplifying extreme longevity, serve as models for healthy aging. The field of human aging and longevity research is rapidly advancing, garnering significant attention and accumulating substantial data in recent years. Omics technologies, encompassing phenomics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and microbiomics, have provided multidimensional insights and revolutionized cohort-based investigations into human aging and longevity. Accumulated data, covering diverse cells, tissues and cohorts across the lifespan necessitates the establishment of an open and integrated database. Addressing this, we established the Human Aging and Longevity Landscape (HALL), a comprehensive multi-omics repository encompassing a diverse spectrum of human cohorts, spanning from young adults to centenarians. The core objective of HALL is to foster healthy aging by offering an extensive repository of information on biomarkers that gauge the trajectory of human aging. Moreover, the database facilitates the development of diagnostic tools for aging-related conditions and empowers targeted interventions to enhance longevity. HALL is publicly available at https://ngdc.cncb.ac.cn/hall/index.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Bases de Dados Factuais , Longevidade , Multiômica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Genômica , Longevidade/genética
13.
Nat Aging ; 3(10): 1269-1287, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37783815

RESUMO

Aging is a major risk factor contributing to pathophysiological changes in the heart, yet its intrinsic mechanisms have been largely unexplored in primates. In this study, we investigated the hypertrophic and senescence phenotypes in the hearts of aged cynomolgus monkeys as well as the transcriptomic and proteomic landscapes of young and aged primate hearts. SIRT2 was identified as a key protein decreased in aged monkey hearts, and engineered SIRT2 deficiency in human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes recapitulated key senescence features of primate heart aging. Further investigations revealed that loss of SIRT2 in human cardiomyocytes led to the hyperacetylation of STAT3, which transcriptionally activated CDKN2B and, in turn, triggered cardiomyocyte degeneration. Intra-myocardial injection of lentiviruses expressing SIRT2 ameliorated age-related cardiac dysfunction in mice. Taken together, our study provides valuable resources for decoding primate cardiac aging and identifies the SIRT2-STAT3-CDKN2B regulatory axis as a potential therapeutic target against human cardiac aging and aging-related cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Proteômica , Sirtuína 2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Idoso , Envelhecimento/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Primatas/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 385: 110721, 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37739048

RESUMO

Aberrant bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) lineage differentiation leads to osteoporosis. Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharides (CPPs) have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, due to their multiple pharmacological actions. However, little is known regarding their effects on BMSC differentiation. This study aimed to identify the effects and mechanisms of CPPs on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation in rat BMSCs. An osteoporosis model was established in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats through bilateral ovariectomy (OVX), and be applied to observe the effect of CPPs on osteoporosis in vivo. The ability of CPPs to affect rBMSC proliferation was determined using the CCK-8 assay, and the osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs measured by ALP and Alizarin Red S staining. The adipogenic differentiation of rBMSCs was measured by Oil Red O staining. The mRNA and protein levels related to osteogenesis and adipogenic differentiation of rBMSCs were measured using qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Cellular immunofluorescence was used to detect cytokine expression and localisation in rBMSCs. We observed that CPPs ameliorated bone loss in OVX rats. CPPs considerably enhanced osteogenic differentiation by increasing ALP activity and the prevalence of mineralised nodules and promoting the mRNA and protein expression of osteogenic differentiation markers (RUNX2, COL I, ALP, and OPN). Furthermore, it inhibited the accumulation of lipid vesicles in the cytoplasm and the mRNA and protein expression levels of adipogenic differentiation markers (PPARγ and C/EBPα) in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile, CPPs notably increased the mRNA and protein expression of ß-catenin, the core protein of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, in a concentration-dependent manner. Adding DKK1, a mature inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, partially suppressed CPP-stimulated ß-catenin activation, and reversed the acceleration of osteogenic differentiation and the inhibition of lipogenic differentiation. Our observations demonstrated CPPs ameliorate bone loss in OVX rats in vivo, and favour osteogenic differentiation while inhibit adipogenic differentiation of rBMSCs in vitro. The findings suggested that CPPs could serve as functional foods for bone health, and have great potential for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

15.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 9(9)2023 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37755052

RESUMO

Round spot is a destructive disease that limits of Panax notoginseng production in China. However, the genetic diversity of its etiological agent Mycocentrospora acerina has yet to be studied. In this work, firstly, we developed 32 M. acerina polymorphic microsatellite markers using MISA and CERVUS 3.0 and selected 14 for further analysis. Then, we studied the genetic diversity of 187 isolates collected from P. notoginseng round spot using simple sequence repeat markers and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The genetic diversity ranged from 0.813 to 0.946, with 264 alleles detected at the 14 microsatellite loci. The expected average heterozygosity was 0.897.

16.
Molecules ; 28(13)2023 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37446639

RESUMO

Hypertension is the main risk factor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In this paper, a novel compound known as 221s (2,9), which includes tanshinol, borneol and a mother nucleus of ACEI, was synthesized by condensation esterification, deprotection, amidation, deprotection, and amidation, with borneol as the initial raw material, using the strategy of combinatorial molecular chemistry. The structure of the compound was confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and high-resolution mass spectrometry, with a purity of more than 99.5%. The compound 221s (2,9) can significantly reduce the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of SHR rats by about 50 mmHg and 35 mmHg after 4 weeks of administration. The antihypertensive effect of 221s (2,9) is equivalent to that of captopril. The use of 221s (2,9) can reduce the content of Ren, Ang II and ACE in the serum of SHR rats, inhibit the RAAS and enhance the vascular endothelial function by upregulating the level of NO. Pathological studies in this area have shown that high dosage of 221s (2,9) can notably protect myocardial fibrosis in rats and reduce the degeneration and necrosis of myocardial fibers, inflammatory cell infiltration, and proliferation of fibrous tissue in the heart of rat. Therefore, the existing work provided a foundation for preclinical research and follow-up clinical research of 221s (2,9) as a new drug.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos , Hipertensão , Ratos , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Canfanos/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Miócitos Cardíacos
17.
Med ; 4(11): 825-848.e13, 2023 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37516104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Translating aging rejuvenation strategies into clinical practice has the potential to address the unmet needs of the global aging population. However, to successfully do so requires precise quantification of aging and its reversal in a way that encompasses the complexity and variation of aging. METHODS: Here, in a cohort of 113 healthy women, tiled in age from young to old, we identified a repertoire of known and previously unknown markers associated with age based on multimodal measurements, including transcripts, proteins, metabolites, microbes, and clinical laboratory values, based on which an integrative aging clock and a suite of customized aging clocks were developed. FINDINGS: A unified analysis of aging-associated traits defined four aging modalities with distinct biological functions (chronic inflammation, lipid metabolism, hormone regulation, and tissue fitness), and depicted waves of changes in distinct biological pathways peak around the third and fifth decades of life. We also demonstrated that the developed aging clocks could measure biological age and assess partial aging deceleration by hormone replacement therapy, a prevalent treatment designed to correct hormonal imbalances. CONCLUSIONS: We established aging metrics that capture systemic physiological dysregulation, a valuable framework for monitoring the aging process and informing clinical development of aging rejuvenation strategies. FUNDING: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32121001), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2022YFA1103700 and 2020YFA0804000), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81502304), and the Quzhou Technology Projects (2022K46).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , População do Leste Asiático , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Envelhecimento/genética , Fenótipo , Rejuvenescimento , China/epidemiologia
18.
Research (Wash D C) ; 6: 0192, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37521327

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark feature of cellular senescence and organ aging. Here, we asked whether the mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), which is essential for driving antiviral response, also regulates human stem cell senescence. To answer this question, we used CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing and directed differentiation techniques to generate various MAVS-knockout human stem cell models. We found that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were sensitive to MAVS deficiency, as manifested by accelerated senescence phenotypes. We uncovered that the role of MAVS in maintaining mitochondrial structural integrity and functional homeostasis depends on its interaction with the guanosine triphosphatase optic atrophy type 1 (OPA1). Depletion of MAVS or OPA1 led to the dysfunction of mitochondria and cellular senescence, whereas replenishment of MAVS or OPA1 in MAVS-knockout hMSCs alleviated mitochondrial defects and premature senescence phenotypes. Taken together, our data underscore an uncanonical role of MAVS in safeguarding mitochondrial homeostasis and antagonizing human stem cell senescence.

19.
Plant Dis ; 2023 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37172971

RESUMO

Panax notoginseng-also known as Tianqi and Sanqi-is one of the most highly valued medicinal perennial herbs in the world (Wang et al. 2016). In August 2021, leaf spot was observed on P. notoginseng leaves in Lincang sanqi base (23º43´10˝N, 100º7´32˝E, 13.33 hm2). Symptoms expanded from water soaked areas on the leaves to form irregular round or oval leaf spots with transparent or grayish-brown centers containing black granular matter, with an incidence of 10 to 20%. To identify the causal agent, ten symptomatic leaves were randomly selected from ten P. notoginseng plants. Symptomatic leaves were cut into small pieces (5 mm2) with asymptomatic tissue margins, disinfected in 75% ethanol for 30s and in 2% sodium hypochlorite for 3 min, and rinsed three times with sterile distilled water. The tissue portions were placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) plates incubated at 20℃ with a 12 h light/dark photoperiod. Seven pure isolates were obtained with similar colony morphology, dark gray (top view) or taupe (back view) coloration, with flat and villous surfaces. Pycnidia were globose to subglobose, glabrous or with few mycelial outgrowths, dark brown to black, 22.46 to 155.94 (av. 69.57) µm × 18.20 to 130.5 (av. 57.65) µm (n=50) in size. Conidia were ellipsoidal to cylindrical, thinwalled, smooth, hyaline, aseptate, and measured 1.47 to 6.81 (av. 4.29) µm long and 1.01 to 2.97 (av. 1.98) µm thick (n=100). The isolated strains were preliminarily identified as Boeremia sp. based on the morphological characteristics of colonies and conidia. (Aveskamp et al. 2010; Schaffrath et al. 2021). To confirm pathogen identity, the total genomic DNA of two isolates (LYB-2 and LYB-3) was extracted using the T5 Direct PCR kit. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS), 28S large subunit nrRNA gene (LSU), and ß-tubulin (TUB2) gene regions were PCR-amplified using primers ITS1/ITS4, LR0Rf/LR5r, and BT2F/BT4R (Chen et al. 2015), respectively. Sequences have been deposited in GenBank (ON908942-ON908943 for ITS, ON908944-ON908945 for LSU, ON929285-ON929286 for TUB2). BLASTn searches of generated DNA sequences from 2 purified isolates (LYB-2 and LYB-3) against GenBank showed high similarity (>99%) with the sequences of Boeremia linicola. Moreover, a phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the neighbor-joining method in MEGA-X (Kumar et al. 2018) and revealed that the 2 isolates were closest to B. linicola (CBS 116.76). Pathogenicity tests were conducted with the 2 isolates (LYB-2 and LYB-3) as described by Cai et al. (2009) with slight modifications. Each isolate was inoculated with three healthy annual P. notoginseng plants, and each leaf was inoculated with three drops of conidia suspension (106 spores/mL). Three P. notoginseng plants inoculated with sterile water were used as controls. All plants were covered with plastic bags incubated in a greenhouse (20℃, 90%RH, 12 h light/dark photoperiod). Fifteen days post-inoculation, all inoculated leaves showed similar lesions, and the symptoms were identical to those in the field. The pathogen was reisolated from symptomatic leaf spots, and the colony characteristics were identical to the original isolates. Control plants remained healthy, and no fungus was re-isolated. Morphological characteristics, sequence alignment and pathogenicity tests confirmed that B. linicola was the cause of P. notoginseng leaf spot disease. This is the first report of B. linicola causing leaf spot on P. notoginseng in Yunnan, China. The identification of B. linicola as the causal agent of the observed leaf spot on P. notoginseng is critical to the prevention and control of this disease in the future.

20.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 283, 2023 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37173683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A laser doppler flowmetry (LDF) test can reflect the pulp vitality caused by the change in pulp blood flow (PBF). This study aimed to investigate the PBF of the permanent maxillary incisors using LDF and to calculate the clinical reference range and coincidence rate for pulp vitality using PBF as an indicator. METHODS: School-age children (7-12 years) were recruited randomly. A total of 455 children (216 female and 239 male) were included in this study. An additional 395 children (7-12 years) who attended the department due to anterior tooth trauma from October 2015 to February 2018 were included to assess the clinical occurrence rate. The PBF was measured using LDF equipment and an LDF probe. RESULTS: The clinical reference range of PBF values for the permanent maxillary incisors (teeth 11, 12, 21, and 22) in children were from 7 to 14 perfusion units (PU), 11 (6.016; 11.900 PU), 12 (6.677; 14.129 PU), 21 (6.043;11.899 PU), and 22 (6.668; 14.174 PU). There was a statistically significant correlation between PBF and children's age (p < 0.000) without any significant gender discrimination (p = 0.395). For all incisors, for any age group, the PBF detection value of the lateral incisors was significantly higher than that of the central incisors (p < 0.05). The clinical coincidence rate of detecting PBF in the traumatic teeth was 90.42% and the sensitivity and specificity were 36.99% and 99.88%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The determination of the PBF clinical reference range and clinical coincidence rate for the permanent maxillary incisors in children using LDF provided a promising theoretical basis for clinical applications.


Assuntos
População do Leste Asiático , Incisivo , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Incisivo/lesões , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Valores de Referência , Polpa Dentária/irrigação sanguínea
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