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2.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As the incidence and survival for hepatocellular carcinoma increase, the number of patients having been treated for liver cancer would be expected to increase as well. Little is known about the experience of the survivors of hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: The authors conducted a 3-tool survey of hepatocellular carcinoma survivors at a large, academic, and tertiary referral medical center to assess potential areas of disparities in the survivorship experience. The instruments aimed to assess knowledge of survivorship issues (Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions Questionnaire-1), preparedness for the survivorship experience (Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions Questionnaire-2), and self-efficacy in procuring medical information while navigating the patient-provider relationship (Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions Questionnaire). The authors compared mean test scores for each instrument, with higher scores indicating a more positive response, by patient characteristics and used s linear regression model to examine associations between sociodemographics and survey scores. RESULTS: In total, 110 patients took at least 1 survey. In the multiple linear regression model, the authors found that for every increase in patient age by 10 years, knowledge of survivorship issues decreased by a total score of 1.3 (P=0.02). In this model, the authors found no significant differences between male and female respondents, English and non-English speakers, and liver transplant recipients and nonliver transplant recipients. Survivors who had completed a 4-year college degree had significantly higher knowledge of survivorship issues than those who did not use χ testing, but this finding did not maintain significance in the multiple linear regression model. CONCLUSIONS: In a population of 110 ethnically diverse hepatocellular carcinoma survivors, the authors found older patients had gaps in knowledge of survivorship issues. Particular attention should be paid to older populations during liver cancer treatment.

4.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11264-11277, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042282

RESUMO

Rationale: As the transcriptional products of active enhancers, enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) are essential for the initiation of tumorigenesis. However, the landscape and functional characteristics of eRNAs in Chinese lung adenocarcinoma, and the clinical utility of eRNA-based molecular subtypes remain largely unknown. Methods: A genome-wide profiling of eRNAs was performed in 80 Chinese lung adenocarcinoma patients with RNA-seq data. Functional eRNAs and associated genes were identified between paired adenocarcinoma and adjacent samples. Unsupervised clustering of functional eRNAs was conducted and the associations with molecular characteristics and clinical outcomes were accessed by integrating whole-genome sequencing data and clinical data. Additionally, 481 lung adenocarcinoma patients were used for the validation based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Results: A total of 3297 eRNAs with sufficient expression were identified, which were globally upregulated in adenocarcinoma samples compared to matched-adjacent pairs (P = 7.61×10-3). Further analyses indicated that these upregulated eRNAs were correlated with copy number amplification (CNA) status (Cor = 0.22, P = 0.045), and eRNA-correlated genes were primarily involved in cell cycle and immune system-related pathways. Based on the co-expression analysis of eRNAs with protein-coding genes, we defined 188 functional eRNAs and their correlated genes were overrepresented in cancer driver genes (ER = 1.98, P = 5.95×10-12) and clinically-actionable genes (ER = 2.19, P = 3.44×10-4). The eRNA-based consensus clustering further identified a novel molecular subtype with immune deficiency and a high-level of genomic alterations, which was associated with poor clinical outcomes of lung adenocarcinoma patients (OS: HR = 1.91, P = 0.015; PFI: HR = 1.64, P = 0.034). Conclusions: The genome-wide identification and characterization of eRNAs reveal novel regulators for the development of lung cancer, which provides a new biological dimension for the understanding of eRNAs during lung carcinogenesis and emphasize the clinical utility of eRNA-based molecular subtypes in the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma.

5.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11324-11338, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042285

RESUMO

Rationale: Cell therapy for myocardial infarction is promising but largely unsuccessful in part due to a lack of mechanistic understanding. Techniques enabling identification of stem cell-specific proteomes in situ in the injured heart may shed light on how the administered cells respond to the injured microenvironment and exert reparative effects. Objective: To identify the proteomes of the transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the infarcted myocardium, we sought to target a mutant methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRSL274G) in MSCs, which charges azidonorleucine (ANL), a methionine analogue and non-canonical amino acid, to tRNA and subsequently to nascent proteins, permitting isolation of ANL-labeled MSC proteomes from ischemic hearts by ANL-alkyne based click reaction. Methods and Results: Murine MSCs were transduced with lentivirus MetRSL274G and supplemented with ANL; the ANL-tagged nascent proteins were visualized by bio-orthogonal non-canonical amino-acid tagging, spanning all molecular weights and by fluorescent non-canonical amino-acid tagging, displaying strong fluorescent signal. Then, the MetRSL274G-transduced MSCs were administered to the infarcted or Sham heart in mice receiving ANL treatment. The MSC proteomes were isolated from the left ventricular protein lysates by click reaction at days 1, 3, and 7 after cell administration, identified by LC/MS. Among all identified proteins (in Sham and MI hearts, three time-points each), 648 were shared by all 6 groups, accounting for 82±5% of total proteins in each group, and enriched under mitochondrion, extracellular exosomes, oxidation-reduction process and poly(A) RNA binding. Notably, 26, 110 and 65 proteins were significantly up-regulated and 11, 28 and 19 proteins were down-regulated in the infarcted vs. Sham heart at the three time-points, respectively; these proteins are pronounced in the GO terms of extracellular matrix organization, response to stress and regulation of apoptotic process and in the KEGG pathways of complements and coagulation cascades, apoptosis, and regulators of actin cytoskeleton. Conclusions: MetRSL274G expression allows successful identification of MSC-specific nascent proteins in the infarcted hearts, which reflect the functional states, adaptive response, and reparative effects of MSCs that may be leveraged to improve cardiac repair.

6.
J Anal Toxicol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048121

RESUMO

Diphenidol (DPN) is a nonphenothiazinic anti-vertigo and anti-emetic drug that has been widely used in clinical practice in China because of its good anti-vertigo curative effect, minimal side effects and high safety. In recent years, there have been some cases of sporadic suicide and accidental poisoning related to diphenidol. Hence, a validated method for the determination of diphenidol in biological samples by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS-MS) was developed. The method is characterized by the use of a simple, fast and inexpensive liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) for sample preparation, a rapid run time (5 min) and a low required sample volume (0.1 mL or 0.1 g). The lower limits of quantitation (LLOQ) were 0.05 ng/mL and 0.3 ng/g for blood and liver tissue, respectively. The method was shown to be linear over a concentration range of 0.05~200 ng/mL (blood) and 0.3~400 ng/g (liver). The accuracy was in the range of 92.77%~112.75%. The relative standard deviations of the intraday and interday imprecisions were in the range of 3.22% to 12.17%, and the recoveries were in the range of 58.75%~95.27%. Furthermore, the method was successfully applied to the detection and quantification of diphenidol in fifteen real forensic cases. The postmortem concentration range of heart blood was 0.87~99 µg/mL.

7.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520959508, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050744

RESUMO

Although customized three-dimensional tantalum implants have been used to treat a large variety of diseases, few reports have described the application of such implants to reconstruct large pelvic bone defects after the removal of massive tumors. We herein describe a 30-year-old woman with a 9-year history of a massive low-grade chondrosarcoma in the pelvic bone. After removal of a solid 12- × 8- × 6-cm tumor with clear margins, we used a customized three-dimensional printed tantalum implant to fill the large pelvic bone defect and performed hip arthroplasty in a one-step surgery. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful. She started walking 1 month after surgery, and she developed no tumor recurrence, instrumentation failure, or implant loosening during the 12-month follow-up period. This report describes the successful application of a customized three-dimensional printed implant to reconstruct a massive pelvic bone defect. Satisfactory functional recovery was achieved with no apparent complications. The methodology of the current case may benefit orthopedic and oncologic surgeons in designing treatment strategies for similar cases.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087838

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of the RAS superfamily is one of the critical factors in carcinogenesis. Among them, KRAS is the most frequently mutated one which has inspired extensive studies for developing approaches to intervention. Although the cognition toward KRAS remains far from complete, mounting evidence suggests that a variety of post-translational modifications regulate its activation and localization. In this review, we summarize the regulatory mode of post-translational modifications on KRAS including prenylation, post-prenylation, palmitoylation, ubiquitination, phosphorylation, SUMOylation, acetylation, nitrosylation, etc. We also highlight the recent studies targeting these modifications having exhibited potent anti-tumor activities.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(42): 26091-26098, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020279

RESUMO

We have demonstrated the effectiveness of reinforcement learning (RL) in bluff body flow control problems both in experiments and simulations by automatically discovering active control strategies for drag reduction in turbulent flow. Specifically, we aimed to maximize the power gain efficiency by properly selecting the rotational speed of two small cylinders, located parallel to and downstream of the main cylinder. By properly defining rewards and designing noise reduction techniques, and after an automatic sequence of tens of towing experiments, the RL agent was shown to discover a control strategy that is comparable to the optimal strategy found through lengthy systematically planned control experiments. Subsequently, these results were verified by simulations that enabled us to gain insight into the physical mechanisms of the drag reduction process. While RL has been used effectively previously in idealized computer flow simulation studies, this study demonstrates its effectiveness in experimental fluid mechanics and verifies it by simulations, potentially paving the way for efficient exploration of additional active flow control strategies in other complex fluid mechanics applications.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240285, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057355

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has swept the whole world with high mortality. Since droplet transmission is the main route of transmission, wearing a mask serves as a crucial preventive measure. However, the virus has spread quite quickly, causing severe mask shortage. Finding alternative materials for homemade masks while ensuring the significant performance indicators will help alleviate the shortage of masks. Referring to the national standard for the "Surgical Mask" of China, 17 materials to be selected for homemade masks were tested in four key indicators: pressure difference, particle filtration efficiency, bacterial filtration efficiency and resistance to surface wetting. Eleven single-layer materials met the standard of pressure difference (≤49 Pa), of which 3 met the standard of resistance to surface wetting (≥3), 1 met the standard of particle filtration efficiency (≥30%), but none met the standard of bacterial filtration efficiency (≥95%). Based on the testing results of single-layer materials, fifteen combinations of paired materials were tested. The results showed that three double-layer materials including double-layer medical non-woven fabric, medical non-woven fabric plus non-woven shopping bag, and medical non-woven fabric plus granular tea towel could meet all the standards of pressure difference, particle filtration efficiency, and resistance to surface wetting, and were close to the standard of the bacterial filtration efficiency. In conclusion, if resources are severely lacking and medical masks cannot be obtained, homemade masks using available materials, based on the results of this study, can minimize the chance of infection to the maximum extent.

11.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085471

RESUMO

In chirality research area, it is of interest to reveal the chiral feature of inorganic nanomaterials and their enantioselective interactions with biomolecules. Although common Raman spectroscopy is not regarded as a direct chirality analysis tool, it is in fact effective and sensitive to study the enantioselectivity phenomena, which is demonstrated by the enantio-discrimination of amino acid enantiomers using the polydopamine-modified intrinsically chiral SiO2 nanofibers in this work. The Raman scattering intensities of an enantiomer of cysteine are more than twice as high as those of the other enantiomer with opposite handedness. Similar results were also found in the cases of cystine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan enantiomers. In turn, these organic molecules could be used as chirality indicators for SiO2, which was clarified by the unique Raman spectra-derived mirror-image relationships. Thus, an indirect chirality detection method for inorganic nanomaterials was developed.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085743

RESUMO

Previously, Nucleolar protein 66 (NO66) was reported to be closely associated with alcohol exposure-induced injury. However, the role of NO66 in alcohol-induced cytotoxicity remains unclear. In this study, we explored the potential effect and mechanism of NO66 on ethanol-induced apoptosis in human AC16 cardiomyocytes. The AC16 cell lines with NO66 and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) overexpression were constructed. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the cell viability, membrane damage, and apoptosis, respectively. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot analysis were applied to measure mRNA and protein expression. The results showed that acute ethanol exposure markedly augmented cytotoxicity and reduced NO66 level in AC16 cardiomyocytes. Overexpression of NO66 partially reversed ethanol-induced apoptosis. NO66 upregulation reversed the decrease in phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) and B-cell lymphoma-2/Bcl-2-associated x (Bcl-2/Bax) ratio and the increase in PTEN, p53, and caspase-3 activity induced by ethanol treatment. Meanwhile, the application of PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) and PTEN overexpression attenuated the inhibition efficiency of NO66 on cell apoptosis. In addition, PTEN overexpression weakened the effect of NO66 on PI3K/Akt activation, without affecting the level of NO66. Our data suggested that NO66 overexpression might play an anti-apoptotic role in ethanol-induced cell injury via reducing PTEN and upregulating the PI3K/Akt pathway.

13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098378

RESUMO

Although most gastrointestinal tumours are sensitive to 5-fluorouracil (5FU), drug resistance is commonly occurred after 5FU therapy in gastric cancer (GC). Loganetin is the primary active compound in Cornus officinali. However, the synergetic effects of loganetin and 5FU on GC remain unknown. Here, we investigated the synergetic effects and the underlying mechanism of loganetin and 5FU on proliferation, stem-like properties, migration, and invasion of GC both in vitro and in vivo. We found that loganetin alone inhibited the proliferation, stem-like properties, migration and invasion of GC cells in vitro. Importantly, the loganetin remarkably enhanced the anti-cancer effect of 5FU on GC cells and the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway might be involved in this process. Animal experiments further confirmed the synergistic effects of 5FU and loganetin on inhibiting cell growth and metastasis of GC. These results suggested that loganetin could synergistically increase the effect of 5FU against GC, which sheds light on effective combinational drug strategies for GC treatment.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 80: 153385, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microglia-mediated neuroinflammation is one of the most prominent characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic demyelination disease. As one of the main active ingredients in Astragali radix, total flavonoids of Astragalus (TFA) has multiple pharmacological effects such as immunomodulation, anti-inflammation and and anti-tumor. However, little is known about whether TFA could inhibit microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in MS. PURPOSE: This study was aimed to elucidate whether TFA could inhibit microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in MS. STUDY DESIGN: In the present study, we explored the protective effect of TFA on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, in mice for the first time, and discussed its mechanism from the aspect of anti-microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. METHODS: The mice received oral administration of TFA (25 and 50 mg/kg) daily from two days before immunization and continued until day 21 post-immunization. The effect of TFA on EAE in mice and its mechanism were investigated by ELISA, Western blot, real-time PCR, luciferase reporter assay, histopathology and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: TFA were shown to alleviate the severity of EAE in mice. It inhibited the excessive activation of microglia both in spinal cords of EAE mice and in LPS-stimulated BV-2 cells, evidenced by weakening the production of inflammatory mediators such as NO, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß markedly at either protein or mRNA level. Further study demonstrated that TFA repressed the phosphorylation, nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity of NFκB, and inhibited the activation of AKT and JNK signaling in BV-2 cells induced by LPS. The agonists of AKT and JNK, anisomycin and SC79, could partly abolish the inhibitory effect of TFA on the production of inflammatory mediators in BV-2 cells induced by LPS. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results clarified that TFA inhibited microglia-mediated inflammation in EAE mice probably through deactivating JNK/AKT/NFκB signaling pathways. The novel findings may lay a theoretical foundation for the clinical application of TFA in the treatment of MS.

15.
Plant Cell ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093144

RESUMO

The highly variable and species-specific pollen surface patterns are formed by sporopollenin accumulation. The template for sporopollenin deposition and polymerization is the primexine that appears on the tetrad surface, but the mechanism(s) by which primexine guides exine patterning remain elusive. Here, we report that the Poaceae-specific EXINE PATTERN DESIGNER 1 (EPAD1), which encodes a non-specific lipid transfer protein, is required for primexine integrity and pollen exine patterning in rice (Oryza sativa). Disruption of EPAD1 leads to abnormal exine pattern and complete male sterility, although sporopollenin biosynthesis is unaffected. EPAD1 is specifically expressed in male meiocytes, indicating that reproductive cells exert genetic control over exine patterning. EPAD1 possesses an N-terminal signal peptide and three redundant glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor sites at its C-terminus, segments required for its function and localization to the microspore plasma membrane. In vitro assays indicate that EPAD1 can bind phospholipids. We propose that plasma membrane lipids bound by EPAD1 may be involved in recruiting and arranging regulatory proteins in the primexine to drive correct exine deposition. Our results demonstrate that EPAD1 is a meiocyte-derived determinant that controls primexine patterning in rice, and its orthologs may play a conserved role in the formation of grass-specific exine pattern elements.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026616

RESUMO

Effective delivery system for oral insulin administration is a promising way for diabetes therapy. Herein, we prepared alginate microbeads containing chitosan nanoparticles (CNP) for controlled release of insulin. CNP was developed by reaction between tripolyphosphate (TPP) and chitosan. The ratio of TPP to chitosan was optimized aiming with smaller and more unified distributed CNP. TEM and DLS analysis confirmed that CNP has size around 150 nm with low PDI value and strong surface charge. Encapsulate ability for bovine serum albumin, working as model protein, was 11.45%, and the encapsulate efficiency was 23.70%. To modify the release profile of protein suitable for oral insulin delivery, sodium alginate was applied to coat on the surface of CNP by electrostatic interaction. After that, CaCl2 was added to reinforce the alginate coating layer. FTIR analysis confirmed the interaction of alginate with chitosan and reaction with calcium ion. After reaction with Ca2+ ion, size measurement revealed that CNP was incorporated into alginate microbeads with mean diameter about 3.197 µm. Alginate microbeads presented irregular shape with small particles inside as revealed by optical microscope. Meanwhile, the release test demonstrated that protein release was pH-dependent. Acidic pH value retards protein release and neutral pH value promotes protein release. At last, insulin-loaded alginate microbeads were administrated to hyperglycemia model mice and blood glucose profile was monitored afterward. Insulin-loaded microbeads significantly lowered blood glucose level compared with mice treated with alginate microbeads without insulin. It is noted that insulin-loaded alginate microbeads could lower blood glucose level in much prolonged period of 96 h, indicating that insulin was released in controlled manner.

17.
Cell Rep ; 33(2): 108252, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053358

RESUMO

Osteogenic suppressors such as Sclerostin not only regulate skeletal development and regeneration but also serve as anti-osteoporosis drug targets. However, very few druggable suppressors have been identified due to limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms governing osteogenesis. Here, we show that fibroblast activation protein (Fap), a serine protease inhibited by the bone growth factor Osteolectin, is an osteogenic suppressor. Genetic deletion of Fap significantly ameliorates limb trabecular bone loss during aging. Pharmacological inhibition of Fap significantly promotes bone formation and inhibits bone resorption in wild-type mice by differentially regulating canonical Wnt and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathways. Pharmacological inhibition of Fap promotes osteoblast differentiation, inhibits osteoclast differentiation, and significantly attenuates osteoporosis in ovariectomized mice. Epistasis analyses in zebrafish show that Osteolectin functions as an endogenous inhibitor of Fap to promote vertebrae mineralization. Taken together, we identify Fap as an important osteogenic suppressor and a potential drug target to treat osteoporosis.

18.
Invest New Drugs ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052556

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are recommended first-line treatments in EGFR-mutated (EGFRm) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, acquired resistance (e.g. MET amplification) is frequently observed. Savolitinib (volitinib, HMPL-504, AZD6094) is an oral, potent, and highly selective MET-TKI. In this phase Ib, open-label, multicenter study, we enrolled Chinese patients with EGFRm advanced NSCLC, whose disease progressed following prior EGFR-TKI treatment. In the safety run-in, patients received savolitinib 600 or 800 mg plus gefitinib 250 mg orally once daily, and dose-limiting toxicities were recorded. In the expansion phase, patients with MET amplification received savolitinib plus gefitinib. The primary endpoint was safety/tolerability. Secondary endpoints included antitumor activity. Thirteen patients were enrolled in the safety phase (median age 52 years, 46% female) and 51 enrolled in the expansion phase (median age 61 years, 67% female). No dose-limiting toxicities were reported in either dose group during the safety run-in. Adverse events of grade ≥ 3 in the safety run-in and expansion phases (n = 57) were reported in 21 (37%) patients. The most frequently reported adverse events (all grades) were: vomiting (n = 26, 46%), nausea (n = 23, 40%), increased aspartate aminotransferase (n = 22, 39%). Of four deaths, none were treatment-related. The objective response rates in EGFR T790M-negative, -positive, and -unknown patients were 52% (12/23), 9% (2/23), and 40% (2/5), respectively. Savolitinib 600 mg plus gefitinib 250 mg once daily had an acceptable safety profile and demonstrated promising antitumor activity in EGFRm, MET-amplified advanced NSCLC patients who had disease progression on EGFR-TKIs. NCT02374645, Date of registration: March 2nd 2015.

19.
Cell Res ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106598

RESUMO

Defining the precise regionalization of specified definitive endoderm progenitors is critical for understanding the mechanisms underlying the generation and regeneration of respiratory and digestive organs, yet the patterning of endoderm progenitors remains unresolved, particularly in humans. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing on endoderm cells during the early somitogenesis stages in mice and humans. We developed molecular criteria to define four major endoderm regions (foregut, lip of anterior intestinal portal, midgut, and hindgut) and their developmental pathways. We identified the cell subpopulations in each region and their spatial distributions and characterized key molecular features along the body axes. Dorsal and ventral pancreatic progenitors appear to originate from the midgut population and follow distinct pathways to develop into an identical cell type. Finally, we described the generally conserved endoderm patterning in humans and clear differences in dorsal cell distribution between species. Our study comprehensively defines single-cell endoderm patterning and provides novel insights into the spatiotemporal process that drives establishment of early endoderm domains.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142527, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032133

RESUMO

Harmful trace elements in coal have caused serious damage to the environment and human health. Understanding their spatial distribution is helpful for environmental health assessment and for their effective control and utilization. To further explore the geospatial distribution of harmful trace elements found in Chinese coals, this work constructed the Trace Elements in Chinese Coals Database Management System (TECC), and analysed the spatial distribution of harmful trace elements by applying spatial data algorithms and visual technology of WebGIS. The main results are as follows: (1) The mean concentrations of 25 harmful trace elements (Ag, As, B, Ba, Be, Cd, Cl, Co, Cr, Cu, F, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Th, Tl, U, V, Zn) in Chinese coals are provided, using the "reserve-concentration" weighted calculation method; (2) Using As, Hg, F, and U as examples, the spatial distribution of harmful trace elements in Chinese coalfields is visually displayed; (3) Harmful trace elements are extremely unevenly distributed in Chinese coalfields; they are mainly concentrated in south China, especially in the southwest region, and some elements may also be concentrated in coals from northwest, northeast, and north China. The enrichment of harmful trace elements in Chinese coals is the result of a combination of multiple factors, such as the nature of the region the coal is sourced from, sedimentary facies, coal-forming plants, and magmatic hydrothermal processes. This work can serve as a reference for the study of harmful trace elements in coal, including assessment of their environmental and health impacts.

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