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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 2): 132500, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763234

RESUMO

Bamboo, as a renewable bioresource, exhibits advantages of fast growth cycle and high strength. Bamboo-based composite materials are a promising alternative to load-bearing structural materials. It is urgent to develop high-performance glued-bamboo composite materials. This study focused on the chemical bonding interface to achieve high bonding strength and water resistance between bamboo and dialdehyde cellulose-polyamine (DAC-PA4N) adhesive by activating the bamboo surface. The bamboo surface was initially modified in a directional manner to create an epoxy-bamboo interface using GPTES. The epoxy groups on the interface were then chemically crosslinked with the amino groups of the DAC-PA4N adhesive, forming covalent bonds within the adhesive layer. The results demonstrated that the hot water strength of the modified bamboo was improved by 75.8 % (from 5.17 to 9.09 MPa), and the boiling water strength was enhanced by 232 % (from 2.10 to 6.99 MPa). The bonding and flexural properties of this work are comparable to those of commercial phenolic resin. The activation modification of the bamboo surface offers a novel approach to the development of low-carbon, environmentally friendly, and sustainable bamboo engineering composites.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Celulose , Sasa , Celulose/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Adesivos/química , Sasa/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Água/química , Resinas Epóxi/química
2.
Cells ; 13(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727297

RESUMO

Spinal fusion, a common surgery performed for degenerative lumbar conditions, often uses recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) that is associated with adverse effects. Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) and their extracellular vesicles (EVs), particularly exosomes, have demonstrated efficacy in bone and cartilage repair. However, the efficacy of MSC exosomes in spinal fusion remains to be ascertained. This study investigates the fusion efficacy of MSC exosomes delivered via an absorbable collagen sponge packed in a poly Ɛ-caprolactone tricalcium phosphate (PCL-TCP) scaffold in a rat posterolateral spinal fusion model. Herein, it is shown that a single implantation of exosome-supplemented collagen sponge packed in PCL-TCP scaffold enhanced spinal fusion and improved mechanical stability by inducing bone formation and bridging between the transverse processes, as evidenced by significant improvements in fusion score and rate, bone structural parameters, histology, stiffness, and range of motion. This study demonstrates for the first time that MSC exosomes promote bone formation to enhance spinal fusion and mechanical stability in a rat model, supporting its translational potential for application in spinal fusion.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fusão Vertebral , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/transplante , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Ratos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Masculino , Humanos , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos
3.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104342, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a multi-instance learning (MIL) based artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted diagnosis models by using laryngoscopic images to differentiate benign and malignant vocal fold leukoplakia (VFL). METHODS: The AI system was developed, trained and validated on 5362 images of 551 patients from three hospitals. Automated regions of interest (ROI) segmentation algorithm was utilized to construct image-level features. MIL was used to fusion image level results to patient level features, then the extracted features were modeled by seven machine learning algorithms. Finally, we evaluated the image level and patient level results. Additionally, 50 videos of VFL were prospectively gathered to assess the system's real-time diagnostic capabilities. A human-machine comparison database was also constructed to compare the diagnostic performance of otolaryngologists with and without AI assistance. RESULTS: In internal and external validation sets, the maximum area under the curve (AUC) for image level segmentation models was 0.775 (95 % CI 0.740-0.811) and 0.720 (95 % CI 0.684-0.756), respectively. Utilizing a MIL-based fusion strategy, the AUC at the patient level increased to 0.869 (95 % CI 0.798-0.940) and 0.851 (95 % CI 0.756-0.945). For real-time video diagnosis, the maximum AUC at the patient level reached 0.850 (95 % CI, 0.743-0.957). With AI assistance, the AUC improved from 0.720 (95 % CI 0.682-0.755) to 0.808 (95 % CI 0.775-0.839) for senior otolaryngologists and from 0.647 (95 % CI 0.608-0.686) to 0.807 (95 % CI 0.773-0.837) for junior otolaryngologists. CONCLUSIONS: The MIL based AI-assisted diagnosis system can significantly improve the diagnostic performance of otolaryngologists for VFL and help to make proper clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Laringoscopia , Leucoplasia , Prega Vocal , Humanos , Prega Vocal/diagnóstico por imagem , Prega Vocal/patologia , Laringoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Leucoplasia/diagnóstico , Leucoplasia/patologia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Adulto , Algoritmos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731473

RESUMO

Chalkophomycin is a novel chalkophore with antibiotic activities isolated from Streptomyces sp. CB00271, while its potential in studying cellular copper homeostasis makes it an important probe and drug lead. The constellation of N-hydroxylpyrrole, 2H-oxazoline, diazeniumdiolate, and methoxypyrrolinone functional groups into one compact molecular architecture capable of coordinating cupric ions draws interest to unprecedented enzymology responsible for chalkophomycin biosynthesis. To elucidate the biosynthetic machinery for chalkophomycin production, the chm biosynthetic gene cluster from S. sp. CB00271 was identified, and its involvement in chalkophomycin biosynthesis was confirmed by gene replacement. The chm cluster was localized to a ~31 kb DNA region, consisting of 19 open reading frames that encode five nonribosomal peptide synthetases (ChmHIJLO), one modular polyketide synthase (ChmP), six tailoring enzymes (ChmFGMNQR), two regulatory proteins (ChmAB), and four resistance proteins (ChmA'CDE). A model for chalkophomycin biosynthesis is proposed based on functional assignments from sequence analysis and structure modelling, and is further supported by analogy to over 100 chm-type gene clusters in public databases. Our studies thus set the stage to fully investigate chalkophomycin biosynthesis and to engineer chalkophomycin analogues through a synthetic biology approach.


Assuntos
Família Multigênica , Peptídeo Sintases , Policetídeo Sintases , Streptomyces , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/enzimologia , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Policetídeo Sintases/genética , Policetídeo Sintases/metabolismo , Policetídeo Sintases/química , Peptídeo Sintases/metabolismo , Peptídeo Sintases/genética , Peptídeo Sintases/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química
5.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1336307, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800571

RESUMO

Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is a common sleep-related breathing disorder that significantly impacts the daily lives of patients. Currently, the diagnosis of OSAHS relies on various physiological signal monitoring devices, requiring a comprehensive Polysomnography (PSG). However, this invasive diagnostic method faces challenges such as data fluctuation and high costs. To address these challenges, we propose a novel data-driven Audio-Semantic Multi-Modal model for OSAHS severity classification (i.e., ASMM-OSA) based on patient snoring sound characteristics. Methods: In light of the correlation between the acoustic attributes of a patient's snoring patterns and their episodes of breathing disorders, we utilize the patient's sleep audio recordings as an initial screening modality. We analyze the audio features of snoring sounds during the night for subjects suspected of having OSAHS. Audio features were augmented via PubMedBERT to enrich their diversity and detail and subsequently classified for OSAHS severity using XGBoost based on the number of sleep apnea events. Results: Experimental results using the OSAHS dataset from a collaborative university hospital demonstrate that our ASMM-OSA audio-semantic multimodal model achieves a diagnostic level in automatically identifying sleep apnea events and classifying the four-class severity (normal, mild, moderate, and severe) of OSAHS. Discussion: Our proposed model promises new perspectives for non-invasive OSAHS diagnosis, potentially reducing costs and enhancing patient quality of life.

6.
Laryngoscope ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold leukoplakia (VFL) is a precancerous lesion of laryngeal cancer, and its endoscopic diagnosis poses challenges. We aim to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) model using white light imaging (WLI) and narrow-band imaging (NBI) to distinguish benign from malignant VFL. METHODS: A total of 7057 images from 426 patients were used for model development and internal validation. Additionally, 1617 images from two other hospitals were used for model external validation. Modeling learning based on WLI and NBI modalities was conducted using deep learning combined with a multi-instance learning approach (MIL). Furthermore, 50 prospectively collected videos were used to evaluate real-time model performance. A human-machine comparison involving 100 patients and 12 laryngologists assessed the real-world effectiveness of the model. RESULTS: The model achieved the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 0.868 and 0.884 in the internal and external validation sets, respectively. AUC in the video validation set was 0.825 (95% CI: 0.704-0.946). In the human-machine comparison, AI significantly improved AUC and accuracy for all laryngologists (p < 0.05). With the assistance of AI, the diagnostic abilities and consistency of all laryngologists improved. CONCLUSIONS: Our multicenter study developed an effective AI model using MIL and fusion of WLI and NBI images for VFL diagnosis, particularly aiding junior laryngologists. However, further optimization and validation are necessary to fully assess its potential impact in clinical settings. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 2024.

7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3997, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734684

RESUMO

Growing urban population and the distinct strategies to accommodate them lead to diverse urban development patterns worldwide. While local evidence suggests the presence of urban signatures in rainfall anomalies, there is limited understanding of how rainfall responds to divergent urban development patterns worldwide. Here we unveil a divergence in the exposure to extreme rainfall for 1790 inland cities globally, attributable to their respective urban development patterns. Cities that experience compact development tend to witness larger increases in extreme rainfall frequency over downtown than their rural surroundings, while the anomalies in extreme rainfall frequency diminish for cities with dispersed development. Convection-permitting simulations further suggest compact urban footprints lead to more pronounced urban-rural thermal contrasts and aerodynamic disturbances. This is directly responsible for the divergent rainfall responses to urban development patterns. Our analyses offer significant insights pertaining to the priorities and potential of city-level efforts to mitigate the emerging climate-related hazards, particularly for countries experiencing rapid urbanization.

8.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 3115-3127, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774445

RESUMO

Objective: Cellular pyroptosis is a pro-inflammatory mode of programmed cell death that has been identified in recent years, and studies have shown that the LncRNA SOX2OT regulates myocardial injury during sepsis, but the exact regulatory mechanism is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the role of SOX2OT in regulating cardiomyocyte injury during sepsis cardiomyopathy. Methods: Rat cardiomyocytes, C57BL/6 mice, and transgenic mice were divided into four groups: control, LPS, LPS+ knockout LncRNA SOX2OT, and LPS+ overexpression LncRNA SOX2OT. Inflammatory factor levels were detected by qPCR. Associated proteins and gene expression were detected by Western blotting and qPCR. Dual luciferase was used to detect the target genes of SOX2OT. Nrf2 and EZH2 knockdown and overexpression cell lines were established, and the expression of related genes was detected by qPCR. Results: Results In this study, we found that SOX2OT knockdown exacerbated LPS-induced levels of inflammatory factors and procalcitoninogen (PCT), and increased the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and LDH. The results of dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that EZH2 is the target gene of SOX2OT, and overexpression of SOX2OT decreased the expression of EZH2; we also found that knockdown of EZH2 in H9c2 cells decreased the expression of Nrf2, which was positively correlated with the expression level of NLRP3. Further in vivo results showed that overexpression of SOX2OT attenuated SIMD (sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction), as evidenced by improved myocardial structural integrity and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration. The expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and LDH was significantly increased in the mice in the LPS group; this effect was reversed by overexpression of SOX2OT, and potentiated by knockdown of SOX2OT. Conclusion: Our data reveal a novel mechanism by which SOX2OT inhibits cardiomyocyte sepsis through the EZH2/Nrf-2/NLRP3 pathway, thereby attenuating septic myocardial injury, which may contribute to the development of new therapeutic strategies.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716540

RESUMO

Bone cancer pain (BCP), due to cancer bone metastasis and bone destruction, is a common symptom of tumors, including breast, prostate, and lung tumors. Patients often experience severe pain without effective treatment. Here, using a mouse model of bone cancer, we report that MOTS-c, a novel mitochondrial-derived peptide, confers remarkable protection against cancer pain and bone destruction. Briefly, we find that the plasma level of endogenous MOTS-c is significantly lower in the BCP group than in the sham group. Accordingly, intraperitoneal administration of MOTS-c robustly attenuates bone cancer-induced pain. These effects are blocked by compound C, an AMPK inhibitor. Furthermore, MOTS-c treatment significantly enhances AMPKα 1/2 phosphorylation. Interestingly, mechanical studies indicate that at the spinal cord level, MOTS-c relieves pain by restoring mitochondrial biogenesis, suppressing microglial activation, and decreasing the production of inflammatory factors, which directly contribute to neuronal modulation. However, in the periphery, MOTS-c protects against local bone destruction by modulating osteoclast and immune cell function in the tumor microenvironment, providing long-term relief from cancer pain. Additionally, we find that chronic administration of MOTS-c has little effect on liver, renal, lipid or cardiac function in mice. In conclusion, MOTS-c improves BCP through peripheral and central synergistic effects on nociceptors, immune cells, and osteoclasts, providing a pharmacological and biological rationale for the development of mitochondrial peptide-based therapeutic agents for cancer-induced pain.

10.
Small ; : e2311861, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708808

RESUMO

Low-range light absorption and rapid recombination of photo-generated charge carriers have prevented the occurrence of effective and applicable photocatalysis for decades. Quantum dots (QDs) offer a solution due to their size-controlled photon properties and charge separation capabilities. Herein, well-dispersed interstitial nitrogen-doped TiO2 QDs with stable oxygen vacancies (N-TiO2-x-VO) are fabricated by using a low-temperature, annealing-assisted hydrothermal method. Remarkably, electrostatic repulsion prevented aggregation arising from negative charges accumulated in situ on the surface of N-TiO2-x-VO, enabling complete solar spectrum utilization (200-800 nm) with a 2.5 eV bandgap. Enhanced UV-vis photocatalytic H2 evolution rate (HER) reached 2757 µmol g-1 h-1, 41.6 times higher than commercial TiO2 (66 µmol g-1 h-1). Strikingly, under visible light, HER rate was 189 µmol g-1 h-1. Experimental and simulated studies of mechanisms reveal that VO can serve as an electron reservoir of photo-generated charge carriers on N-doped active sites, and consequently, enhance the separation rate of exciton pairs. Moreover, the negative free energy (-0.35 V) indicates more favorable thermodynamics for HER as compared with bulk TiO2 (0.66 V). This research work paves a new way of developing efficient photocatalytic strategies of HER that are applicable in the sustainable carbon-zero energy supply.

11.
Chem Biodivers ; 21(6): e202400507, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606561

RESUMO

Three new C10 and C12 aliphatic δ-lactones (1-3), three new fatty acid methyl esters (4-6), and eight known compounds (7-14) were isolated from the marine Aureobasidium sp. LUO5. Their structures were established by detailed analyses of the NMR, HRESIMS, optical rotation, and ECD data. All isolates were tested for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in LPS-induced BV-2 cells. Notably, compound 4 displayed the strongest inhibitory effect with the IC50 value of 120.3 nM.


Assuntos
Aureobasidium , Óxido Nítrico , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Camundongos , Animais , Aureobasidium/química , Aureobasidium/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Molecular
12.
Small ; : e2401942, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593325

RESUMO

Solar energy conversion technologies, particularly solar-driven photothermal conversion, are both clean and manageable. Although much progress has been made in designing solar-driven photothermal materials, significant challenges remain, not least the photobleaching of organic dyes. To tackle these issues, micro-carbonized polysaccharide chains, with carbon dots (CDs) suspended from the chains, are conceived, just like grapes or tomatoes hanging from a vine. Carbonization of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) produces just such a structure (termed CMC-g-CDs), which is used to produce an ultra-stable, robust, and efficient solar-thermal film by interfacial interactions within the CMC-g-CDs. The introduction of the CDs into the matrix of the photothermal material effectively avoided the problem of photobleaching. Manipulating the interfacial interactions (such as electrostatic interactions, van der Waals interactions, π-π stacking, and hydrogen bonding) between the CDs and the polymer chains markedly enhances the mechanical properties of the photothermal film. The CMC-g-CDs are complexed with Fe3+ to eliminate leakage of the photothermal reagent from the matrix and to solve the problem of poor water resistance. The resulting film (CMC-g-CDs-Fe) has excellent prospects for practical application as a photothermal film.

13.
J Chem Phys ; 160(13)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573849

RESUMO

The prospect of creating ferroelectric or high permittivity nanomaterials provides motivation for investigating complex transition metal oxides of the form Ba(Ti, MV)O3, where M = Nb or Ta. Solid state processing typically produces mixtures of crystalline phases, rarely beyond minimally doped Nb/Ta. Using a modified sol-gel method, we prepared single phase nanocrystals of Ba(Ti, M)O3. Compositional and elemental analysis puts the empirical formulas close to BaTi0.5Nb0.5O3-δ and BaTi0.5Ta0.5O3-δ. For both materials, a reversible temperature dependent phase transition (non-centrosymmetric to symmetric) is observed in the Raman spectrum in the region 533-583 K (260-310 °C); for Ba(Ti, Nb)O3, the onset is at 543 K (270 °C); and for Ba(Ti, Ta)O3, the onset is at 533 K (260 °C), which are comparable with 390-393 K (117-120 °C) for bulk BaTiO3. The crystal structure was resolved by examination of the powder x-ray diffraction and atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron total scattering data. It was postulated whether the structure adopted at the nanoscale was single or double perovskite. Double perovskites (A2B'B″O6) are characterized by the type and extent of cation ordering, which gives rise to higher symmetry crystal structures. PDF analysis was used to examine all likely candidate structures and to look for evidence of higher symmetry. The feasible phase space that evolves includes the ordered double perovskite structure Ba2(Ti, MV)O6 (M = Nb, Ta) Fm-3m, a disordered cubic structure, as a suitable high temperature analog, Ba(Ti, MV)O3Pm-3m, and an orthorhombic Ba(Ti, MV)O3Amm2, a room temperature structure that presents an unusually high level of lattice displacement, possibly due to octahedral tilting, and indication of a highly polarized crystal.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607363

RESUMO

Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cement is widely used in orthopedic surgeries, including total hip/knee arthroplasty and vertebral compression fracture treatment. However, loosening due to bone resorption is a common mid-to-late complication. Therefore, developing bioactive bone cement that promotes bone growth and integration is key to reducing aseptic loosening. In this study, we developed a piezoelectric bone cement comprising PMMA and BaTiO3 with excellent electrobioactivity and further analyzed its ability to promote bone integration. Experiments demonstrate that the PMMA and 15 wt % BaTiO3 cement generated an open-circuit voltage of 37.109 V under biomimetic mechanical stress, which effectively promoted bone regeneration and interfacial bone integration. In vitro experiments showed that the protein expression levels of ALP and RUNX-2 in the 0.65 Hz and 20 min group increased by 1.74 times and 2.31 times. In vivo experiments confirmed the osteogenic ability of PMMA and 15 wt % BaTiO3, with the increment of bone growth in the non-movement and movement groups being 4.67 and 4.64 times, respectively, at the second month after surgery. Additionally, Fluo-4 AM fluorescence staining and protein blotting experiments verified that PMMA and 15 wt % BaTiO3 electrical stimulation promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by activating calcium-sensitive receptors and increasing calcium ion inflow by 1.41 times when the stimulation reached 30 min. Therefore, piezoelectric bioactive PMMA and 15 wt % BaTiO3 cement has excellent application value in orthopedic surgery systems where stress transmission is prevalent.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1291630, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606074

RESUMO

Climate change, characterized by rising atmospheric CO2 levels and temperatures, poses significant challenges to global crop production. Sweet sorghum, a prominent C4 cereal extensively grown in arid areas, emerges as a promising candidate for sustainable bioenergy production. This study investigated the responses of photosynthesis and leaf-scale water use efficiency (WUE) to varying light intensity (I) in sweet sorghum under different temperature and CO2 conditions. Comparative analyses were conducted between the A n-I, g s-I, T r-I, WUEi-I, and WUEinst-I models proposed by Ye et al. and the widely utilized the non-rectangular hyperbolic (NRH) model for fitting light response curves. The Ye's models effectively replicated the light response curves of sweet sorghum, accurately capturing the diminishing intrinsic WUE (WUEi) and instantaneous WUE (WUEinst) trends with increasing I. The fitted maximum values of A n, g s, T r, WUEi, and WUEinst and their saturation light intensities closely matched observations, unlike the NRH model. Despite the NRH model demonstrating high R 2 values for A n-I, g s-I, and T r-I modelling, it returned the maximum values significantly deviating from observed values and failed to generate saturation light intensities. It also inadequately represented WUE responses to I, overestimating WUE. Across different leaf temperatures, A n, g s, and T r of sweet sorghum displayed comparable light response patterns. Elevated temperatures increased maximum A n, g s, and T r but consistently declined maximum WUEi and WUEinst. However, WUEinst declined more sharply due to the disproportionate transpiration increase over carbon assimilation. Critically, sweet sorghum A n saturated at current atmospheric CO2 levels, with no significant gains under 550 µmol mol-1. Instead, stomatal closure enhanced WUE under elevated CO2 by coordinated g s and T r reductions rather than improved carbon assimilation. Nonetheless, this response diminished under simultaneously high temperature, suggesting intricate interplay between CO2 and temperature in modulating plant responses. These findings provide valuable insights into photosynthetic dynamics of sweet sorghum, aiding predictions of yield and optimization of cultivation practices. Moreover, our methodology serves as a valuable reference for evaluating leaf photosynthesis and WUE dynamics in diverse plant species.

16.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611842

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are novel solvents with physicochemical properties similar to those of ionic liquids, and they have attracted extensive attention for the extraction of bioactive compounds from different plant materials in the context of green chemistry and sustainable development. In this study, seven DESs with different polarities were explored as green extraction solvents for cembratrien-diols (CBT-diols) from waste tobacco flowers. The best solvent, DES-3 (choline chloride: lactic acid (1:3)), which outperformed conventional solvents (methanol, ethanol, and ethyl acetate), was selected and further optimized for microwave-assisted DES extraction using the response surface methodology. The maximum yield of CBT-diols (6.23 ± 0.15 mg/g) was achieved using a microwave power of 425 W, microwave time of 32 min, solid/liquid ratio of 20 mg/mL, and microwave temperature of 40 °C. Additionally, the isolated CBT-diols exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and antitumor activity in the human liver cancer HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cell lines. This study highlights the feasibility of recovering CBT-diols from tobacco flower waste using DESs and provides opportunities for potential waste management using green technologies.


Assuntos
Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Nicotiana , Humanos , Solventes , Micro-Ondas , Escherichia coli , Flores
17.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28919, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617912

RESUMO

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is a hot topic in cardiovascular disease research. Western medicine treats CHD with stent implantation, anti-angina pectoris, anti-platelet aggregation and other operations or drugs. According to the whole concept and the characteristics of syndrome differentiation, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treats CHD according to different syndromes and points out that qi deficiency and blood stasis are the basic pathogenesis of CHD. Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction (XFZYD), as a classic prescription of TCM, has certain value in the treatment of CHD, with the effects of promoting qi, activating blood circulation, dredging collaterals and relieving pain. In addition, it also exhibits advantages in high efficiency, low toxicity, high cost performance, few side effects, and high patient acceptance. Objective: The therapeutic effect and mechanism of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD were searched by literature search, and the components and targets of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD were analyzed by computer simulation technology for molecular docking, providing theoretical basis for clinical treatment of CHD. Method: This study comprehensively searched CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, Pubmed, Embase, Web of science and other databases, included clinical studies with efficacy evaluation indicators in hospitals according to randomization, and excluded literatures with low quality and no efficacy evaluation indicators. Clinical cases and studies, molecular mechanisms and pharmacological effects of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD were searched, and the effective ingredients and core targets of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD were docked through molecular docking, providing theoretical support for clinical treatment of CHD. Results and Conclusion: Through this study, we found that XFZYD has a significant therapeutic effect in the clinical treatment of coronary heart disease, which can play a role in the treatment of CHD by inhibiting atherosclerosis, inhibiting cardiovascular remodeling, improving oxidative stress damage, improving hemorheology, improving myocardial fibrosis and other mechanisms. Through computer simulation, it was found that the main effective components of XFZYD treatment for CHD were quercetin, kaempferol and luteolin, and the key core targets were IL6, VEGFA and P53, and each component had a high VEGFA libdock score. It is speculated that VEGFA is the key target of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD. Kaempferol and VEGFA had the highest libdock score. kaempferol and IL6 have the highest number of hydrogen bonds, kaempferol and IL6 have the highest number of hydrogen bonds, which indicates that they are most stable, indicating that kaempferol is the key component of XFZYD in the treatment of CHD, which provides a theoretical basis for follow-up experimental research.

18.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 171, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600077

RESUMO

Decidual macrophages (dMϕs) play critical roles in regulation of immune-microhomeostasis at maternal-fetal interface during pregnancy, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, it was found that litter size and fetal weight were significantly reduced, whereas the rate of embryo resorption was increased in miR-3074-5p knock-in (3074-KI) pregnant mice, compared to that of wild-type (WT) pregnant mice. Plasma levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in 3074-KI pregnant mice were also significantly elevated compared to WT pregnant mice at GD7.5. The quantity of M1-Mϕs in uterine tissues of 3074-KI pregnant mice was significantly increased compared to WT pregnant mice at GD13.5. Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) was validated to be a target of miR-3074-5p. Either miR-3074-5p overexpression or ERα knockdown promoted transcriptional activity of NF-κB/p65, induced M1-polarization and pyroptosis of THP1-derived Mϕs, accompanied with increased intracellular levels of cleaved Caspase-1, cleaved IL-1ß, NLRP3, cleaved GSDMD and ASC aggregation. Furthermore, ERα could not only bind to NLRP3 or ASC directly, but also inhibit the interaction between NLRP3 and ASC. The endometrial miR-3074-5p expression level at the middle secretory stage of repeated implantation failure (RIF) patients was significantly decreased compared to that of control fertile women. These data indicated that miR-3074-5p could promote M1 polarization and pyroptosis of Mϕs via activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by targeting ERα, and the dysregulation of miR-3074-5p expression in dMϕs might damage the embryo implantation and placentation by interfering with inflammatory microenvironment at the maternal-fetal interface during early pregnancy.

19.
J Hepatol ; 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38679071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a fatal malignancy of the biliary system. The lack of a detailed understanding of oncogenic signaling or global gene expression alterations has impeded clinical iCCA diagnosis and therapy. The role of protein lactylation, a newly unraveled post-translational modification that orchestrates gene expression, remains largely elusive in the pathogenesis of iCCA. METHODS: Proteomics analysis of clinical iCCA specimens and adjacent tissues was performed to screen for proteins aberrantly lactylated in iCCA. Mass spectrometry, macromolecule interaction and cell behavioral studies were employed to identify the specific lactylation sites on the candidate protein(s) and to decipher the downstream mechanisms responsible for iCCA development, which were subsequently validated using a xenograft tumor model and clinical samples. RESULTS: Nucleolin (NCL), the most abundant RNA-binding protein in the nucleolus, was identified as a functional lactylation target that correlates with iCCA occurrence and progression. NCL was lactylated predominantly at lysine 477 by the acyltransferase P300 in response to a hyperactivity of glycolysis, and promoted the proliferation and invasion of iCCA cells. Mechanistically, lactylated NCL bound to the primary transcript of MAP kinase-activating death domain protein (MADD) and warranted an efficient translation of MADD by circumventing alternative splicing that generates a premature termination codon. NCL lactylation, MADD and subsequent ERK activation promoted xenograft tumor growth, and were found to associate with the overall survival of iCCA patients. CONCLUSION: NCL is lactylated to upregulate MADD through an RNA splicing-dependent mechanism, which potentiates iCCA pathogenesis via the MAPK pathway. Our findings reveal a novel link between metabolic reprogramming and canonical tumor-initiating events, and provide biomarkers that can be potentially used for prognostic evaluation or targeted treatment of iCCA. IMPACT AND IMPLICATION: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a highly aggressive liver malignancy with largely uncharacterized pathogenetic mechanisms. Herein, we demonstrated that glycolysis promotes P300-catalyzed lactylation of NCL, which upregulates MAP kinase-activating death domain protein (MADD) through precise mRNA splicing, and activates ERK signaling to drive iCCA development. These findings unravel a novel link between metabolic rewiring and canonical oncogenic pathways, and provide new biomarkers for prognostic assessment and targeting of clinical iCCA.

20.
J Integr Neurosci ; 23(4): 72, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exploring the neural encoding mechanism and decoding of motion state switching during flight can advance our knowledge of avian behavior control and contribute to the development of avian robots. However, limited acquisition equipment and neural signal quality have posed challenges, thus we understand little about the neural mechanisms of avian flight. METHODS: We used chronically implanted micro-electrode arrays to record the local field potentials (LFPs) in the formation reticularis medialis mesencephali (FRM) of pigeons during various motion states in their natural outdoor flight. Subsequently, coherence-based functional connectivity networks under different bands were constructed and the topological features were extracted. Finally, we used a support vector machine model to decode different flight states. RESULTS: Our findings indicate that the gamma band (80-150 Hz) in the FRM exhibits significant power for identifying different states in pigeons. Specifically, the avian brain transmitted flight related information more efficiently during the accelerated take-off or decelerated landing states, compared with the uniform flight and baseline states. Finally, we achieved a best average accuracy of 0.86 using the connectivity features in the 80-150 Hz band and 0.89 using the fused features for state decoding. CONCLUSIONS: Our results open up possibilities for further research into the neural mechanism of avian flight and contribute to the understanding of flight behavior control in birds.


Assuntos
Columbidae , Voo Animal , Animais , Columbidae/fisiologia , Voo Animal/fisiologia , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Ritmo Gama/fisiologia , Formação Reticular Mesencefálica/fisiologia , Masculino , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Mesencéfalo/fisiologia
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