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1.
Colorectal Dis ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609339

RESUMO

AIM: There is ongoing debate about whether ileal pouch-anal anastomosis needs temporary diversion at the time of construction. Stomas may reduce risk for anastomotic leak (AL) but are also associated with complications, emergency department visits and readmissions. This treatment trade-off study aims to measure patients' preferences by assessing the absolute risk of AL and pouch failure (PF) they are willing to accept to avoid a diverting ileostomy. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with ulcerative colitis, with or without previous pouch surgery, from Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, participated in this study. Standardized interviews were conducted using the treatment trade-off threshold technique. An online anonymous survey was used to collect patient demographics. We measured the absolute increased risk in AL and PF that patients would accept to undergo modified two-stage surgery as opposed to traditional three-stage surgery. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients (mean age 38.7 ± 15.3) with previous surgery and 20 patients (mean age 39.5 ± 11.9) with no previous surgery participated. Patients were willing to accept an absolute increased leak rate of 5% (interquartile range 4.5%-15%) to avoid a diverting ileostomy. Similarly, patients were willing to accept an absolute increased PF rate of 5% (interquartile range 2.5%-10%). Younger patients, aged 21-29, had lower tolerance for PF, accepting an absolute increase of only 2% versus 5% for patients older than 30 (P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Patients were willing to accept a 5% increased AL rate or PF rate to avoid a temporary diverting ileostomy. This should be taken into consideration when deciding between modified two- and three-stage pouch procedures.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612469

RESUMO

Dietary methionine restriction (MetR) offers an integrated set of beneficial health effects, including delaying aging, extending health span, preventing fat accumulation, and reducing oxidative stress. This study aimed to investigate whether MetR exerts entero-protective effects by modulating intestinal flora, and the effect of MetR on plasma metabolites in rats. Rats were fed diets containing 0.86% methionine (CON group) and 0.17% methionine (MetR group) for 6 weeks. Several indicators of inflammation, gut microbiota, plasma metabolites, and intestinal barrier function were measured. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to analyze the cecal microbiota. The MetR diet reduced the plasma and colonic inflammatory factor levels. The MetR diet significantly improved intestinal barrier function by increasing the mRNA expression of tight junction proteins, such as zonula occludens (ZO)-1, claudin-3, and claudin-5. In addition, MetR significantly increased the levels of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by increasing the abundance of SCFAs-producing Erysipclotxichaceae and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 and decreasing the abundance of pro-inflammatory bacteria Proteobacteria and Escherichia-Shigella. Furthermore, MetR reduced the plasma levels of taurochenodeoxycholate-7-sulfate, taurocholic acid, and tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid. Correlation analysis identified that colonic acetate, total colonic SCFAs, 8-acetylegelolide, collettiside I, 6-methyladenine, and cholic acid glucuronide showed a significant positive correlation with Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 abundance but a significant negative correlation with Escherichia-Shigella and Enterococcus abundance. MetR improved gut health and altered the plasma metabolic profile by regulating the gut microbiota in rats.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metionina , Animais , Ratos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Racemetionina , Metabolômica
3.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; : e013579, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of left atrial appendage (LAA) patency, including those with and without visible peri-device leak (PDL), post-LAA closure in patients with atrial fibrillation, remains elusive. METHODS: Patients with atrial fibrillation implanted with the WATCHMAN 2.5 device were prospectively enrolled. The device surveillance by cardiac computed tomography angiography was performed at 3 months post-procedure. Adverse events, including stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), major bleeding, cardiovascular death, all-cause death, and the combined major adverse events (MAEs), were compared between patients with complete closure and LAA patency. RESULTS: Among 519 patients with cardiac computed tomography angiography surveillance at 3 months post-LAA closure, 271 (52.2%) showed complete closure, and LAA patency was detected in 248 (47.8%) patients, including 196 (37.8%) with visible PDL and 52 (10.0%) without visible PDL. During a median of 1193 (787-1543) days follow-up, the presence of LAA patency was associated with increased risks of stroke/TIA (adjusted hazard ratio for baseline differences, 3.22 [95% CI, 1.17-8.83]; P=0.023) and MAEs (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.12 [95% CI, 1.06-1.17]; P=0.003). Specifically, LAA patency with visible PDL was associated with increased risks of stroke/TIA (hazard ratio, 3.66 [95% CI, 1.29-10.42]; P=0.015) and MAEs (hazard ratio, 3.71 [95% CI, 1.71-8.07]; P=0.001), although LAA patency without visible PDL showed higher risks of MAEs (hazard ratio, 3.59 [95% CI, 1.28-10.09]; P=0.015). Incidences of stroke/TIA (2.8% versus 3.0% versus 6.7% versus 22.2%; P=0.010), cardiovascular death (0.9% versus 0% versus 1.7% versus 11.1%; P=0.005), and MAEs (4.6% versus 9.0% versus 11.7% versus 22.2%; P=0.017) increased with larger PDL (0, >0 to ≤3, >3 to ≤5, or >5 mm). Older age and discontinuing antiplatelet therapy at 6 months were independent predictors of stroke/TIA and MAEs in patients with LAA patency. CONCLUSIONS: LAA patency detected by cardiac computed tomography angiography at 3 months post-LAA closure is associated with unfavorable prognosis in patients with atrial fibrillation implanted with WATCHMAN 2.5 device. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03788941.

4.
Nanotoxicology ; : 1-15, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557361

RESUMO

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are increasingly being used in industrial applications, but their toxicological data in animals and humans are still sparse. To assess the toxicological dose-response of CNTs and to evaluate their pulmonary biopersistence, their quantification in tissues, especially lungs, is crucial. There are currently no reference methods or reference materials for low levels of CNTs in organic matter. Among existing analytical methods, few have been fully and properly validated. To remedy this, we undertook an inter-laboratory comparison on samples of freeze-dried pig lung, ground and doped with CNTs. Eight laboratories were enrolled to analyze 3 types of CNTs at 2 concentration levels each in this organic matrix. Associated with the different analysis techniques used (specific to each laboratory), sample preparation may or may not have involved prior digestion of the matrix, depending on the analysis technique and the material being analyzed. Overall, even challenging, laboratories' ability to quantify CNT levels in organic matter is demonstrated. However, CNT quantification is often overestimated. Trueness analysis identified effective methods, but systematic errors persisted for some. Choosing the assigned value proved complex. Indirect analysis methods, despite added steps, outperform direct methods. The study emphasizes the need for reference materials, enhanced precision, and organized comparisons.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607347

RESUMO

Oxychalcogenides are increasingly attracting wide attention because they contain multiple anions that may combine the advantages of oxides and chalcogenides. In this work, two new pentanary oxythiogermanates, Ba3MGe3O2S8 [M = Ca (1), Zn (2)], were synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction. They crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, and their structures contain isolated [Ge3O2S8]8- units constructed by one [GeO2S2] and two [GeOS3] tetrahedra that link with M2+ ions to build the {[MGe3O2S8]6-}∞ chain, representing a new type of oxythiogermanate. Notably, a [ZnS5] square pyramid exists in 2. Their structural chemistry and relationship with relevant structures are analyzed. 1 and 2 exhibit wide band gaps of 3.93 and 2.63 eV, birefringences of 0.100 and 0.089 at 2100 nm, respectively, and also obvious photocurrent responses. This work may be extended to a family of AE3MIIMIV3O2Q8 (AE = alkali-earth metal; MII = Ca, Zn, Cd, Hg; MIV = Si, Ge, Sn; Q = S, Se), and further systematic survey on them can be performed to enrich the study of multifunctional oxychalcogenides.

6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 163, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have shown that smoking is related to the diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in individuals with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Nevertheless, further investigation is needed to determine the causal effect between these two variables. Therefore, we conducted a study to investigate the causal relationship between smoking and DLCO in IPF patients using two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: Large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets from individuals of European descent were analysed. These datasets included published lifetime smoking index (LSI) data for 462,690 participants and DLCO data for 975 IPF patients. The inverse-variance weighting (IVW) method was the main method used in our analysis. Sensitivity analyses were performed by MR‒Egger regression, Cochran's Q test, the leave-one-out test and the MR-PRESSO global test. RESULTS: A genetically predicted increase in LSI was associated with a decrease in DLCO in IPF patients [ORIVW = 0.54; 95% CI 0.32-0.93; P = 0.02]. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that smoking is associated with a decrease in DLCO. Patients diagnosed with IPF should adopt an active and healthy lifestyle, especially by quitting smoking, which may be effective at slowing the progression of IPF.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Fumar Tabaco , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Monóxido de Carbono
7.
Arch Virol ; 169(5): 105, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637359

RESUMO

In this study, we identified a novel double-strand RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus in Pyricularia oryzae, designated "Magnaporthe oryzae partitivirus 4" (MoPV4). The genome of MoPV4 consists of a dsRNA-1 segment encoding an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and a dsRNA-2 segment encoding a capsid protein (CP). Phylogenetic analysis indicated that MoPV4 belongs to the genus Gammapartitivirus within family Partitiviridae. The particles of MoPV4 are isometric with a diameter of about 32.4 nm. Three-dimensional structure predictions indicated that the RdRP of MoPV4 forms a classical right-handed conformation, while the CP has a reclining-V shape.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Micovírus , Vírus de RNA , RNA Viral/genética , Filogenia , Vírus de RNA/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/genética , Genoma Viral , Micovírus/genética , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , Fases de Leitura Aberta
8.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108591, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583314

RESUMO

Fresh lotus seeds are gaining favor with consumers for their crunchy texture and natural sweetness. However, the intricacies of sugar accumulation in lotus seeds remain elusive, which greatly hinders the quality improvement of fresh lotus seeds. This study endeavors to elucidate this mechanism by identifying and characterizing the sucrose synthase (SUS) gene family in lotus. Comprising five distinct members, namely NnSUS1 to NnSUS5, each gene within this family features a C-terminal glycosyl transferase1 (GT1) domain. Among them, NnSUS1 is the predominately expressed gene, showing high transcript abundance in the floral organs and cotyledons. NnSUS1 was continuously up-regulated from 6 to 18 days after pollination (DAP) in lotus cotyledons. Furthermore, NnSUS1 demonstrates co-expression relationships with numerous genes involved in starch and sucrose metabolism. To investigate the function of NnSUS1, a transient overexpression system was established in lotus cotyledons, which confirmed the gene's contribution to sugar accumulation. Specifically, transient overexpression of NnSUS1 in seed cotyledons leads to a significant increase in the levels of total soluble sugar, including sucrose and fructose. These findings provide valuable theoretical insights for improving sugar content in lotus seeds through molecular breeding methods.

9.
Hear Res ; 446: 109006, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583350

RESUMO

Hair cells in the cochlear sensory epithelia serve as mechanosensory receptors, converting sound into neuronal signals. The basal sensory epithelia are responsible for transducing high-frequency sounds, while the apex handles low-frequency sounds. Age-related hearing loss predominantly affects hearing at high frequencies and is indicative of damage to the basal sensory epithelia. However, the precise mechanism underlying this site-selective injury remains unclear. In this study, we employed a microscale proteomics approach to examine and compare protein expression in different regions of the cochlear sensory epithelia (upper half and lower half) in 1.5-month-old (normal hearing) and 6-month-old (severe high-frequency hearing loss without hair cell loss) C57BL/6J mice. A total of 2,386 proteins were detected, and no significant differences in protein expression were detected in the upper half of the cochlear sensory epithelia between the two age groups. The expression of 20 proteins in the lower half of the cochlear sensory epithelia significantly differed between the two age groups (e.g., MATN1, MATN4, and AQP1). Moreover, there were 311 and 226 differentially expressed proteins between the upper and lower halves of the cochlear sensory epithelia in 1.5-month-old and 6-month-old mice, respectively. The expression levels of selected proteins were validated by Western blotting. These findings suggest that the spatial differences in protein expression within the cochlear sensory epithelia may play a role in determining the susceptibility of cells at different sites of the cochlea to age-related damage.

10.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498586

RESUMO

AIMS: Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 18 (SNHG18) has been widely implicated in cancers. However, little is known about its functional involvement in vascular diseases. Herein, we attempted to explore a role for SNHG18 in modulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contractile phenotype and injury-induced neointima formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of single cell RNA sequencing and transcriptomic datasets showed decreased levels of SNHG18 in injured and atherosclerotic murine and human arteries, which is positively associated with VSMC contractile genes. SNHG18 was upregulated in VSMCs by TGFß1 through transcription factors Sp1 and SMAD3. SNHG18 gene gain/loss-of-function studies revealed that VSMC contractile phenotype was positively regulated by SNHG18. Mechanistic studies showed that SNHG18 promotes a contractile VSMC phenotype by up-regulating miR-22-3p. SNHG18 up-regulates miR-22 biogenesis and miR-22-3p production by competitive binding with the A-to-I RNA editing enzyme, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA-2 (ADAR2). Surprisingly, we observed that ADAR2 inhibited miR-22 biogenesis not through increasing A-to-I editing within primary miR-22, but by interfering the binding of microprocessor complex subunit DGCR8 to primary miR-22. Importantly, perivascular SNHG18 overexpression in the injured vessels dramatically up-regulated the expression levels of miR-22-3p and VSMC contractile genes, and prevented injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia. Such modulatory effects were reverted by miR-22-3p inhibition in the injured arteries. Finally, we observed a similar regulator role for SNHG18 in human VSMCs, and a decreased expression level of both SNHG18 and miR-22-3p in diseased human arteries; and we found that the expression level of SNHG18 was positively associated with that of miR-22-3p in both healthy and diseased human arteries. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that SNHG18 is a novel regulator in governing VSMC contractile phenotype and preventing injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia. Our findings have important implications for therapeutic targeting snhg18/miR-22-3p signalling in vascular diseases.

11.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491160

RESUMO

The angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) is a well-established component of the renin-angiotensin system and is known to counteract classical activation of this system and protect against organ damage. Pharmacological activation of the AT2R has significant therapeutic benefits, including vasodilation, natriuresis, anti-inflammatory activity, and improved insulin sensitivity. However, the precise biological functions of the AT2R in maintaining homeostasis in liver tissue remain largely unexplored. In this study, we found that the AT2R facilitates liver repair and regeneration following acute injury by deactivating Hippo signaling and that interleukin-6 transcriptionally upregulates expression of the AT2R in hepatocytes through STAT3 acting as a transcription activator binding to promoter regions of the AT2R. Subsequently, elevated AT2R levels activate downstream signaling via heterotrimeric G protein Gα12/13-coupled signals to induce Yap activity, thereby contributing to repair and regeneration processes in the liver. Conversely, a deficiency in the AT2R attenuates regeneration of the liver while increasing susceptibility to acetaminophen-induced liver injury. Administration of an AT2R agonist significantly enhances the repair and regeneration capacity of injured liver tissue. Our findings suggest that the AT2R acts as an upstream regulator in the Hippo pathway and is a potential target in the treatment of liver damage.

12.
J Pharm Anal ; 14(2): 276-283, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464789

RESUMO

The application of pesticides (mostly insecticides and fungicides) during the tea-planting process will undoubtedly increase the dietary risk associated with drinking tea. Thus, it is necessary to ascertain whether pesticide residues in tea products exceed the maximum residue limits. However, the complex matrices present in tea samples comprise a major challenge in the analytical detection of pesticide residues. In this study, nine types of lateral flow immunochromatographic strips (LFICSs) were developed to detect the pesticides of interest (fenpropathrin, chlorpyrifos, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, carbendazim, chlorothalonil, pyraclostrobin, and iprodione). To reduce the interference of tea substrates on the assay sensitivity, the pretreatment conditions for tea samples, including the extraction solvent, extraction time, and purification agent, were optimized for the simultaneous detection of these pesticides. The entire testing procedure (including pretreatment and detection) could be completed within 30 min. The detected results of authentic tea samples were confirmed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), which suggest that the LFICS coupled with sample rapid pretreatment can be used for on-site rapid screening of the target pesticide in tea products prior to their market release.

13.
iScience ; 27(4): 109461, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38550997

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been found to assist in optical differentiation of hyperplastic and adenomatous colorectal polyps. We investigated whether AI can improve the accuracy of endoscopists' optical diagnosis of polyps with advanced features. We introduced our AI system distinguishing polyps with advanced features with more than 0.870 of accuracy in the internal and external validation datasets. All 19 endoscopists with different levels showed significantly lower diagnostic accuracy (0.410-0.580) than the AI. Prospective randomized controlled study involving 120 endoscopists into optical diagnosis of polyps with advanced features with or without AI demonstration identified that AI improved endoscopists' proportion of polyps with advanced features correctly sent for histological examination (0.960 versus 0.840, p < 0.001), and the proportion of polyps without advanced features resected and discarded (0.490 versus 0.380, p = 0.007). We thus developed an AI technique that significantly increases the accuracy of colorectal polyps with advanced features.

14.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1378409, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533511

RESUMO

Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory process that is caused by an infecting microorganism and leads to progressive bone destruction and loss. Osteomyelitis can occur at any age and can involve any bone. The infection can be limited to a single portion of the bone or can involve several regions, such as marrow, cortex, periosteum, and the surrounding soft tissue. Early and accurate diagnosis plays a crucial role in reducing unnecessary treatment measures, improving the patient's prognosis, and minimizing time and financial costs. In recent years, the use of functional metabolic imaging has become increasingly widespread. Among them, 18F-FDG PET/CT has emerged as a cutting-edge imaging modality that combines anatomical and functional metabolic information. It has seen rapid development in the field of infectious diseases. 18F-FDG PET/CT has been demonstrated to yield acceptable diagnostic accuracy in a number of infectious and inflammatory diseases. This review aims to provide information about the 18F-FDGPET/CT in the use of chronic osteomyelitis,osteomyelitis secondary to a contiguous focus of infection and osteomyelitis associated with peripheral vascular disease.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Osteomielite , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Osteomielite/diagnóstico
15.
mSystems ; 9(4): e0020624, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514462

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori is a highly successful pathogen that poses a substantial threat to human health. However, the dynamic interaction between H. pylori and the human gastric epithelium has not been fully investigated. In this study, using dual RNA sequencing technology, we characterized a cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA)-modulated bacterial adaption strategy by enhancing the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter-related genes, metQ and HP_0888, upon coculturing with human gastric epithelial cells. We observed a general repression of electron transport-associated genes by cagA, leading to the activation of oxidative phosphorylation. Temporal profiling of host mRNA signatures revealed the downregulation of multiple splicing regulators due to bacterial infection, resulting in aberrant pre-mRNA splicing of functional genes involved in the cell cycle process in response to H. pylori infection. Moreover, we demonstrated a protective effect of gastric H. pylori colonization against chronic dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Mechanistically, we identified a cluster of propionic and butyric acid-producing bacteria, Muribaculaceae, selectively enriched in the colons of H. pylori-pre-colonized mice, which may contribute to the restoration of intestinal barrier function damaged by DSS treatment. Collectively, this study presents the first dual-transcriptome analysis of H. pylori during its dynamic interaction with gastric epithelial cells and provides new insights into strategies through which H. pylori promotes infection and pathogenesis in the human gastric epithelium. IMPORTANCE: Simultaneous profiling of the dynamic interaction between Helicobacter pylori and the human gastric epithelium represents a novel strategy for identifying regulatory responses that drive pathogenesis. This study presents the first dual-transcriptome analysis of H. pylori when cocultured with gastric epithelial cells, revealing a bacterial adaptation strategy and a general repression of electron transportation-associated genes, both of which were modulated by cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA). Temporal profiling of host mRNA signatures dissected the aberrant pre-mRNA splicing of functional genes involved in the cell cycle process in response to H. pylori infection. We demonstrated a protective effect of gastric H. pylori colonization against chronic DSS-induced colitis through both in vitro and in vivo experiments. These findings significantly enhance our understanding of how H. pylori promotes infection and pathogenesis in the human gastric epithelium and provide evidence to identify targets for antimicrobial therapies.


Assuntos
Colite , Helicobacter pylori , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Precursores de RNA/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Citotoxinas/metabolismo
16.
Anal Methods ; 16(13): 1894-1900, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482952

RESUMO

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is one of the leading causes of mortality from chronic diseases worldwide, and it is strongly linked to dyslipidemia. Dyslipidemia typically presents as an elevated concentration of low density lipoprotein (LDL). Hence, accurate quantification of LDL particles is crucial for predicting the risks of cardiovascular illnesses. Nevertheless, conventional techniques can merely provide indirect measurements of LDL particle concentrations through the detection of cholesterol or proteins within LDL particles, and they often require significant effort and time. Therefore, an accurate and effective method for identifying intact LDL particles is highly desired. We have devised a method that allows for the measurement of LDL concentration without the need for isolation. This method relies on proximity ligation rolling circle amplification (RCA). This technique enables the direct and precise measurement of the concentration of "actual" LDL particles, rather than measuring the cholesterol content inside LDL. It has a detection limit of 7.3 µg dL-1, which also meets the requirements for analyzing lipoproteins in clinical samples. Hence, this platform exhibits immense potential in clinical applications and health management.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias , Lipoproteínas LDL , Humanos , Lipoproteínas , Colesterol
17.
Nat Immunol ; 25(4): 659-670, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499799

RESUMO

Combination therapy is a promising therapeutic strategy to enhance the efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB); however, predicting drugs for effective combination is challenging. Here we developed a general data-driven method called CM-Drug for screening compounds that can boost ICB treatment efficacy based on core and minor gene sets identified between responsive and nonresponsive samples in ICB therapy. The CM-Drug method was validated using melanoma and lung cancer mouse models, with combined therapeutic efficacy demonstrated in eight of nine predicted compounds. Among these compounds, taltirelin had the strongest synergistic effect. Mechanistic analysis and experimental verification demonstrated that taltirelin can stimulate CD8+ T cells and is mediated by the induction of thyroid-stimulating hormone. This study provides an effective and general method for predicting and evaluating drugs for combination therapy and identifies candidate compounds for future ICB combination therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Melanoma , Animais , Camundongos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 47(2-3): 126503, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490089

RESUMO

A taxonomic investigation was conducted on four bacterial strains isolated from soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these strains belonged to the family Chitinophagaceae. Examination of the 16S rRNA genes indicated that their sequence identities were below 97.6 % compared to any known and validly nominated bacterial species. The genomes of the four strains ranged from 4.12 to 8.76 Mb, with overall G + C molar contents varying from 41.28 % to 50.39 %. Predominant cellular fatty acids included iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The average nucleotide identity ranged from 66.90 % to 74.63 %, and digital DNA-DNA hybridization was 12.5-12.8 %. Based on the genomic and phenotypic features of the new strains, four novel species and two new genera were proposed within the family Chitinophagaceae. The ecological distributions were investigated by data-mining of NCBI databases, and results showed that additional strains or species of the newly proposed taxa were widely distributed in various environments, including polluted soil and waters. Functional analysis demonstrated that strains H1-2-19XT, JS81T, and JY13-12T exhibited resistance to arsenite (III) and chromate (VI). The proposed names for the four novel species are Paraflavitalea pollutisoli (type strain H1-2-19XT = JCM 36460T = CGMCC 1.61321T), Terrimonas pollutisoli (type strain H1YJ31T = JCM 36215T = CGMCC 1.61343T), Pollutibacter soli (type strain JS81T = JCM 36462T = CGMCC 1.61338T), and Polluticoccus soli (type strain JY13-12T = JCM 36463T = CGMCC 1.61341T).

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 253: 116165, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437747

RESUMO

The detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), as a practical liquid biopsy technique, was of great significance for the study of cancer diagnosis and prognosis. However, reported methods for detection ctDNA still have some limitations, such as tedious process and high cost. In this study, CsPbBr3 nanosheet (CsPbBr3 NS) with high water stability was prepared by etching, and its fluorescence intensity could be stably stored for 1 year. The Ti3C2Tx possessed high quenching efficiency for CsPbBr3 NS and the HOMO-LUMO orbital study revealed that the PET mechanism was responsible for fluorescence quenching. And the Ti3C2Tx showed stronger affinity towards single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), as compared with double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). The probe ssDNA could be adsorbed on the surface of Ti3C2Tx through π-π stacking. After the targets were recognized by probe ssDNA to form dsDNA, its affinity with Ti3C2Tx decreased and the active site of Ti3C2Tx recovered, causing a high quenching efficiency on CsPbBr3 NS. Based on this, a label-free fluorescent biosensor was designed for the sensitive detection of ctDNA (EGFR 19 Dels for non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC). Under the optimal experimental conditions, this biosensor exhibited a detection limit of 180 fM and a linear range of 50 pM-350 pM with amplification of magnetic beads through strand displacement reaction. In addition, this sensor was applied to the detection of ctDNA in serum samples and cells lysates. This method for ctDNA detection was expected to have great potential for biomarker detection in the field of liquid biopsy.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Água , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , DNA de Cadeia Simples , Corantes Fluorescentes/química
20.
Elife ; 122024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466627

RESUMO

Thymus medulla epithelium establishes immune self-tolerance and comprises diverse cellular subsets. Functionally relevant medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) include a self-antigen-displaying subset that exhibits genome-wide promiscuous gene expression promoted by the nuclear protein Aire and that resembles a mosaic of extrathymic cells including mucosal tuft cells. An additional mTEC subset produces the chemokine CCL21, thereby attracting positively selected thymocytes from the cortex to the medulla. Both self-antigen-displaying and thymocyte-attracting mTEC subsets are essential for self-tolerance. Here, we identify a developmental pathway by which mTECs gain their diversity in functionally distinct subsets. We show that CCL21-expressing mTECs arise early during thymus ontogeny in mice. Fate-mapping analysis reveals that self-antigen-displaying mTECs, including Aire-expressing mTECs and thymic tuft cells, are derived from CCL21-expressing cells. The differentiation capability of CCL21-expressing embryonic mTECs is verified in reaggregate thymus experiments. These results indicate that CCL21-expressing embryonic mTECs carry a developmental potential to give rise to self-antigen-displaying mTECs, revealing that the sequential conversion of thymocyte-attracting subset into self-antigen-displaying subset serves to assemble functional diversity in the thymus medulla epithelium.


Assuntos
Timócitos , Fatores de Transcrição , Camundongos , Animais , Timócitos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Timo/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Epitélio/metabolismo
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