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1.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(5): 204-207, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040837

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of microRNA (miR)-556-3p on cell proliferation and apoptosis of hemangioma-derived endothelial cells (HemECs).  qRT-PCR was used to compare the expressions of miR-556-3p in HemECs and normal cells. The target gene was identified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. Cell proliferation was measured with MTT assay, while western blotting was used to assay VEGFC expression levels. Apoptosis was assayed with FITC Annexin V Apoptosis assay kit. miR-556-3p was overexpressed in HemECs. Transfection with miR-556-3p inhibitor resulted in decreased proliferation of HemECs (p<0.05). The expression of the target gene of miR-556-3pi.e. VEGFC was upregulated when miR-556-3p inhibitor was transfected. The transfection also resulted in increased apoptosis. In HemECs, miR-556-3p is overexpressed and VEGFC expression is low. Thus, miR-556-3p or VEGFC might be potential targets for treatment of angiosarcoma.

2.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 14: 1753466620963019, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-873871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A simple scoring system for triage of suspected patients with COVID-19 is lacking. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary team developed a screening score taking into account epidemiology history, clinical feature, radiographic feature, and routine blood test. At fever clinics, the screening score was used to identify the patients with moderate to high probability of COVID-19 among all the suspected patients. The patients with moderate to high probability of COVID-19 were allocated to a single room in an isolation ward with level-3 protection. And those with low probability were allocated to a single room in a general ward with level-2 protection. At the isolation ward, the screening score was used to identify the confirmed and probable cases after two consecutive real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests. The data in the People's Hospital of Changshou District were used for internal validation and those in the People's Hospital of Yubei District for external validation. RESULTS: We enrolled 76 and 40 patients for internal and external validation, respectively. In the internal validation cohort, the area under the curve of receiver operating characteristics (AUC) was 0.96 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89-0.99] for the diagnosis of moderate to high probability of cases among all the suspected patients. Using 60 as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity were 88% and 93%, respectively. In the isolation ward, the AUC was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.83-0.99) for the diagnosis of confirmed and probable cases. Using 90 as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity were 78% and 100%, respectively. These results were confirmed in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The scoring system provides a reference on COVID-19 triage in fever clinics to reduce misdiagnosis and consumption of protective supplies.The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 1109-1113, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the role of blood purification in the treatment of severe adenovirus pneumonia. METHODS: A total of 57 children with severe adenovirus pneumonia who underwent mechanical ventilation from February to June, 2019, were enrolled. According to whether blood purification was performed, they were divided into a purification group with 22 children and a conventional group with 35 children. Related clinical indices were collected, including duration of fever, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality rate. The purification group was analyzed in terms of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) before blood purification and at 48 hours after blood purification, as well as stroke volume variation (SVV), thoracic fluid content (TFC), arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inhaled oxygen (P/F) value, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2) before blood purification and at 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after blood purification. RESULTS: Compared with the conventional group, the purification group had significantly shorter duration of fever, duration of mechanical ventilation, and length of stay in the ICU (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the mortality rate between the two groups (P>0.05). The purification group had significant reductions in IL-6 and TNF-α after blood purification, (P<0.05) and significant reductions in SVV and TFC at 12, 24, and 48 hours after blood purification (P<0.01), as well as a significant increase in P/F value and a significant reduction in PCO2 at 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after blood purification (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Blood purification as an auxiliary therapy can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of children with severe adenovirus pneumonia, and is thus an option for the treatment of severe adenovirus pneumonia in children.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078086

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in southern China and southeast Asia. Emerging evidence revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) might play important roles in the development and progression of many cancers, including NPC. The functions and mechanisms of the vast majority of lncRNAs involved in NPC remain unknown. In this study, a novel lncRNA RP11-624L4.1 was identified in NPC tissues using next-generation sequencing. In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to analyze the correlation between RP11-624L4.1 expression and the clinicopathological features or prognosis in NPC patients. RPISeq predictions and RIP assays were used to identify RP11-624L4.1's interactions with CDK4. As a result, we found RP11-624L4.1 is hyper-expressed in NPC tissues, which was associated with unfavorable prognosis and clinicopathological features in NPC. By knocking down and over-expressing RP11-624L4.1, we also found that it promotes the proliferation ability of NPC in vitro and in vivo through CDK4/6-CyclinD1-Rb-E2F1 pathway. Overexpression of CDK4 in knocking down RP11-624L4.1 cells can partially rescue NPC promotion, indicating its role of RP11-624L4.1-CDK4/6-CyclinD1-Rb-E2F1 pathway. Taken together, RP11-624L4.1 is required for NPC unfavorable prognosis and proliferation through CDK4/6-CyclinD1-Rb-E2F1 pathway, which may be a novel target for therapeutic and prognostic in patients with NPC.

5.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078200

RESUMO

A novel magnetic solid-phase extraction technique coupled to ultraperformance liquid chromatography has been developed for separation and preconcentration of four sulfonylurea herbicides (sulfosulfuron, bensulfuron-methyl, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl and halosulfuro-methyl) in aqueous samples. The key point of this method was the application of a novel magnetic nanomaterial that composed of a low eutectic solvent as a shell coated on the magnetic core modified by polydopamine. The extensive active sites outside the low eutectic solvent can effectively adsorb the target herbicide in the extraction process. The obtained magnetic adsorbent was characterized with fourier transform infrared spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. The influence parameters relevant to this method were optimized. Under the optimum conditions, good linearities could be obtained within the range of 1.0-200 µg L-1 for all analytes, with correlation coefficients ≥0.9908. The limit of detections of the method was between 0.0074 and 0.0100 µg L-1 and the relative standard deviations were 1.1-3.6%. The enrichment factor is 66.6. In the final experiment, the proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of sulfonylurea herbicides residue in environment and drinking-water samples, and the obtained recoveries were between 70.6% and 109.4%.

6.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(11): 605, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048204

RESUMO

A novel preparation of dopamine-derived N-doped carbon nanotubes/Fe3O4 composites (N-CNTs/Fe3O4 Cs) is demonstrated via facile hydrothermal route and calcination treatment. In this approach, dopamine was selected as N-containing precursor, which can promote Fe3O4 nanocrystal deposition uniformly on the surface of CNTs and effectively modulated the graphitic structure with doped pyridinic N and graphitic N to improve the electrochemical performance of carbon composites. More interestingly, the inhibited growth of the Fe3O4 crystal during calcination can be effectively avoided by soaking PDA-CNT/Fe3O4 Cs in a phosphate solution before calcination. The N-CNTs/Fe3O4 Cs have an enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward hydrogen peroxide with high sensitivity (316.27 mA M-1 cm-2) and wide linear range (0.006-2.057 mM). The N-CNTs/Fe3O4 Cs modified sensor was successfully applied to real-time detection of H2O2 released from living cancer cells, displaying a potential application in the study of oxidative stress-related diseases. This work demonstrates a rational way for high-performance electrocatalytic material synthesis and bioanalysis. Graphical abstract An enzyme-free biosensor of H2O2 was constructed on the basis of dopamine-derived N-doped carbon nanotubes/Fe3O4 composites (N-CNTs/Fe3O4 Cs), and it exhibited the enhanced electrocatalytic activity for H2O2 detection with high sensitivity, wide linear range, and outstanding reproducibility and stability.

7.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001354

RESUMO

The nuclear envelope component proline-rich protein 14 (PRR14) is involved in the nuclear morphological alteration and activation of the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling pathway, and has been repeatedly shown to be upregulated in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore whether PRR14 can be used as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of PD. We compared PRR14 expression in PD patients and normal controls in gene expression omnibus (GEO) data. Quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect PRR14 expression in PD patients and age- and sex-matched controls. The relationship between serum PRR14 and clinical phenotype was evaluated using correlation analysis and logistic regression. The expression of PRR14 in whole blood, substantia nigra, and medial substantia nigra was significantly higher in PD patients than in the healthy control group. Compared to plasma, serum was more suitable for the detection of PRR14. Furthermore, serum PRR14 level in PD patients was significantly higher than that in age- and sex-matched controls. The area under the curve for serum PRR14 level in the ability to identify PD versus age- and sex-matched controls was 0.786. In addition, serum PRR14 level was found to correlate with constipation in PD patients. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that serum PRR14 is a potential biomarker for PD.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034915

RESUMO

To establish cholyglycine (CG) detection via enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) was used as a reporter enzyme to prepare hapten-enzyme conjugate. Gel electrophoresis and UV scanning demonstrated that G6PD was successfully labeled with cholyglycine and CG-G6PD conjugate was obtained. Furthermore, the effects of various parameters on the preparation of CG-G6PD conjugates were investigated. Consequently, CG amount, NADH, D-glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), phosphate buffer and the pH, and ionic strength of solution had important effects on the residual activity of CG-G6PD. Moreover, CG amount, the pH, and G6P played important roles in changing CG labeling location on G6PD. Using the CG-G6PD conjugate as test kit, the cholyglycine-EMIT calibration curve was established, which could be employed in clinical detection of cholyglycine. This study provides some valuable information for preparing hapten-G6PD conjugates. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 457, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Starch in the lotus seed contains a high proportion of amylose, which endows lotus seed a promising property in the development of hypoglycemic and low-glycemic index functional food. Currently, improving starch content is one of the major goals for seed-lotus breeding. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) plays an essential role in regulating starch biosynthesis in plants, but little is known about its characterization in lotus. RESULTS: We describe the nutritional compositions of lotus seed among 30 varieties with starch as a major component. Comparative transcriptome analysis showed that AGPase genes were differentially expressed in two varieties (CA and JX) with significant different starch content. Seven putative AGPase genes were identified in the lotus genome (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.), which could be grouped into two subfamilies. Selective pressure analysis indicated that purifying selection acted as a vital force in the evolution of AGPase genes. Expression analysis revealed that lotus AGPase genes have varying expression patterns, with NnAGPL2a and NnAGPS1a as the most predominantly expressed, especially in seed and rhizome. NnAGPL2a and NnAGPS1a were co-expressed with a number of starch and sucrose metabolism pathway related genes, and their expressions were accompanied by increased AGPase activity and starch content in lotus seed. CONCLUSIONS: Seven AGPase genes were characterized in lotus, with NnAGPL2a and NnAGPS1a, as the key genes involved in starch biosynthesis in lotus seed. These results considerably extend our understanding on lotus AGPase genes and provide theoretical basis for breeding new lotus varieties with high-starch content.

10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 763, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A lower level of consciousness is a common presentation in critical care, with many different causes and contributory factors, of which more than one may be present concurrently. CASE PRESENTATION: We described a woman with poorly controlled diabetes and steroid-dependent asthma who presented in a deep coma. She was found to have Streptococcus intermedius bacteremia and pyogenic ventriculitis that originated from right middle lobe pneumonia. Also, multiple small parenchymal lesions were observed on brain magnetic resonance imaging and increased protein concentration was noted in cerebral spinal fluid. Initially, her coma was thought to be due to diabetic ketoacidosis and septic encephalopathy. However, her lowered level of consciousness was disproportionate to either diabetic ketoacidosis or septic encephalopathy, and her clinical course was not as expected for these two conditions. Treatment with antibiotic, corticosteroid and antihelminthic drugs was administered resulting in improving consciousness. The Streptococcus intermedius pneumonia progressed to form a large cavity that needed an early surgical lobectomy and resulted in the unexpected diagnosis of chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosus. CONCLUSIONS: In critical care, a lowered level of consciousness may have many etiologies, and critical care clinicians should be familiar with the signs and symptoms of all possible causes to enable prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

11.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 14: 1753466620963019, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A simple scoring system for triage of suspected patients with COVID-19 is lacking. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary team developed a screening score taking into account epidemiology history, clinical feature, radiographic feature, and routine blood test. At fever clinics, the screening score was used to identify the patients with moderate to high probability of COVID-19 among all the suspected patients. The patients with moderate to high probability of COVID-19 were allocated to a single room in an isolation ward with level-3 protection. And those with low probability were allocated to a single room in a general ward with level-2 protection. At the isolation ward, the screening score was used to identify the confirmed and probable cases after two consecutive real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests. The data in the People's Hospital of Changshou District were used for internal validation and those in the People's Hospital of Yubei District for external validation. RESULTS: We enrolled 76 and 40 patients for internal and external validation, respectively. In the internal validation cohort, the area under the curve of receiver operating characteristics (AUC) was 0.96 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89-0.99] for the diagnosis of moderate to high probability of cases among all the suspected patients. Using 60 as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity were 88% and 93%, respectively. In the isolation ward, the AUC was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.83-0.99) for the diagnosis of confirmed and probable cases. Using 90 as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity were 78% and 100%, respectively. These results were confirmed in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The scoring system provides a reference on COVID-19 triage in fever clinics to reduce misdiagnosis and consumption of protective supplies.The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

12.
Anal Methods ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006333

RESUMO

In this work, we designed and synthesized a nanocomposite comprising an amine-functionalized metal organic framework (UiO-66-NH2), a multiwalled carbon nanotube@reduced graphene oxide nanoribbon (MWCNT@rGONR) and a covalent organic framework (COF) synthesized using melamine and cyanuric acidmonomers via polycondensation (represented by MCA). The UiO-66-NH2/MCA/MWCNT@rGONR nanocomposite was used as a sensitive platform for an electrochemical aptasensor to detect kanamycin (kana). Owing to the rich chemical functionality, amino-rich structure and excellent electrochemical activity, the cDNA strands with terminal amino groups can not only anchor over the UiO-66-NH2/MCA/MWCNT@rGONR surface but also penetrate into the interior of porous UiO-66-NH2/MCA/MWCNT@rGONR networks. The characterization of the UiO-66-NH2/MCA/MWCNT@rGONR nanocomposite was performed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Furthermore, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) were employed for the electrochemical performance study of this biosensor. The results indicated that the UiO-66-NH2/MCA/MWCNT@rGONR nanocomposite exhibited high bioaffinity toward the aptamer and the lowest limit of detection at 13 nM (S/N = 3) within a linearity of the kana concentration of 25-900 nM. In addition, it possessed great repeatability, stability and selectivity and obtained satisfactory recovery results in the real analysis of fish meat and milk, indicating the great potential for analytical measurements in food safety.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1129: 108-117, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891379

RESUMO

High-performance analysis of heavy metal ions is great importance in both environment and food safety. In this work, a facile and reliable colorimetric sensor was presented for simultaneous detection of Cu2+ and Cr3+ based on indicator-displacement assay (IDA). As a typical silicate nanomaterials, ZnSiO3 hollow nanosphere (ZSHS) exhibited an outstanding ion exchange capacity. Zincon was incorporated with the ZSHS to form a zincon/ZSHS hybrid ionophore with a blue color. Upon the addition of Cr3+, IDA reaction and selective ion exchange occurred with the color change of zincon/ZSHS ionophore from blue to yellow. With such a design, colorimetric measurement of Cr3+ was realized. The linear concentration for Cr3+ detection ranged from 0.5 µM to 75 µM with the LOD of 83.2 nM. Furthermore, we also screened different kinds of complexing agents that may respond with zincon/ZSHS ionophore and various metal ions. It was found that tartaric acid (TA) showed the chelation capability of Zn2+-TA is stronger than that of Zn2+-zincon. Thus zincon/ZSHS/TA presented a yellow color due to the chelation reaction of Zn2+-TA, releasing the zincon as a free state. After addition of Cu2+, a stronger chelation reaction of Cu2+-zincon occurred. This process involved in the color change from yellow to blue and realized colorimetric measurement of Cu2+. The detection limit of Cu2+ was calculated to be 43.7 nM with linear range from 0.1 to 20 µM. In addition, the zincon/ZSHS nanoprobe was successfully applied for simultaneous measurement of Cu2+ and Cr3+ in sorghum and river water, indicating that the zincon/ZSHS nanoprobe provided a promising sensing platform in environment and food safety.

14.
Small ; : e2001416, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865862

RESUMO

Real-time quantitative monitoring of miRNAs plays an essential role in diagnosis and therapeutics. Herein, a DSN-coupled graphene nanoarray/gold nanoparticles (GNAs/AuNPs) carbon paper (CP) electrode for the dynamic, sensitive, and real-time analysis of miRNAs is reported. GNAs are vertically grown on the conductive CP by radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition, and AuNPs are electrodeposited on CP/GNAs to build a 3D ultrasensitive sensing interface with large specific surface area, good conductivity and biocompatibility. The dynamic quantitative monitoring of microRNA-21 (miR-21) is realized by cyclic voltammetry with a series of different concentrations within 16 min, and this 3D GNAs/AuNPs DNA-circuit strip shows good performance for the simultaneous detection of miR-21 and miR-155, and the detection limits are as low as 21.4 and 30.3 am, respectively. Moreover, comparable detection results are achieved for clinical samples between the proposed sensor and qRT-PCR, suggesting the reliability of the constructed sensor. This ultrasensitive sensing and disposable DNA-circuit strip with 3D structure can efficiently shorten the diffusion distance between reactive biomolecules and the sensing interface, enhance the hybridization of probes and improve the sensitivity of the biosensor, holding great promise for the rapid, quantitative and dynamic monitoring of multiple low concentrations of biomolecules in point-of-care clinical analysis.

15.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(14): 2163-2170, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922177

RESUMO

Descurainia sophia Webb ex Prantl has been used in traditional medicine globally. It has been shown that Descurainia sophia, together with many other bioactive compounds, can modulate the biological functions of various genes. We have viewed the clinical benefits and mechanisms of action of Descurainia sophia associated with its current uses and outlined potential further applications. There are many studies documenting its numerous clinical effects in cancer, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and cardiac systems. Further, Descurainia sophia has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anthelmintic activities. The clinical studies did not indicate any significant adverse effects of Descurainia sophia, demonstrating that it is a safe and effective herbal medicine. However, more clinical studies demonstrating the therapeutic effects of Descurainia sophia are still warranted.

17.
Heliyon ; 6(9): e04855, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964157

RESUMO

A series of sulfonated poly (fluorenyl ether ketone nitrile)s with different equivalent weights (EW) ranging from 681 to 369 g mequiv.-1 were used to assemble a series of single proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) in their turns. The mechanical strength and morphology of the copolymer were studied systematically. This paper mainly evaluated and compared their cell performance. The polarization curves showed that the prepared films have good performance at low temperature and high relative humidity. Due to the increase of temperature, dehydration seriously deteriorated the performance of the cell, especially for the membrane with high electron flow and low proton conductivity. However, at 100 °C, the cell performance of the membrane containing 441 g mequiv.- 1 was even better than that of Nafion@117 membrane. It could even be used at 125 °C. In the short life test, the output power density was stable at about 0.24 W•cm-2 within 24 h. These results show that our membranes were suitable for the applications of PEM fuel cell at high temperature.

18.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964831

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Polysomnography is the gold standard in identifying sleep stages; however, there are discrepancies in how technicians use the standards. Because organizing meetings to evaluate this discrepancy and/or reach a consensus among multiple sleep centers is time consuming, we developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system to efficiently evaluate the reliability and consistency of sleep scoring, and hence the sleep center quality. METHODS: An interpretable machine learning algorithm was used to evaluate interrater reliability (IRR) of sleep stage annotation among sleep centers. The AI system was trained to learn raters from one hospital, and applied to subjects from the same or other hospitals. The results were compared with the experts' annotation to determine IRR. Intra-center and inter-center assessments were conducted on 679 subjects without sleep apnea from six sleep centers in Taiwan. Centers with potential quality issues were identified by the estimated IRR. RESULTS: In the intra-center assessment, the median accuracy ranged from 80·3% to 83·3% with the exception of one hospital (designated E) with an accuracy of 72·3%. In the inter-center assessment, the median accuracy ranged from 75·7% to 83·3% when hospital E was excluded from testing and training. The performance of the proposed method was higher for N2, awake, and REM, compared to N1 and N3. The significant IRR discrepancy of hospital E suggested a quality issue. This quality issue is confirmed by the physicians in charge of hospital E. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed AI system proved effective in assessing IRR and hence the sleep center quality.

19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 642, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggested that vaginal microbiome played a functional role in the progression of cervical lesions in female infected by HPV. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of common vaginal infection on the carcinogenicity of high risk HPV (hr-HPV). METHODS: From January 15, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 310,545 female aged at least 30 years old had been recruited for cervical cancer screening from 9 clinical research centers in Central China. All the recruited participants received hr-HPV genotyping for cervical cancer screening and vaginal microenvironment test by a high vaginal swab. Colposcopy-directed biopsy was recommended for female who were infected with HPV 16 and HPV 18, and other positive hr-HPV types through test had undertaken triage using liquid-based cytology, cases with the results ≥ ASCUS among them were referred to colposcopy directly, and cervical tissues were taken for pathology examination to make clear the presence or absence of other cervical lesions. RESULTS: Among 310,545 female, 6067 (1.95%) were tested with positive HPV 16 and HPV 18, 18,297 (5.89%) were tested with other positive hr-HPV genotypes, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1, CIN 2, CIN 3 and invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were detected in 861 cases, 377 cases, 423 cases, and 77 cases, respectively. Candida albicans and Gardnerella were not associated with the detection of cervical lesions. Positive trichomonas vaginitis (TV) was correlated with hr-HPV infection (p < 0.0001). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 1 among female infected with hr-HPV (OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.42-2.31). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 2-3 among female infected with HPV 16 (OR 1.71, 95% CI: 1.16-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: Co-infection of TV and HPV 16 is a significant factor for the detection of cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/complicações , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Vaginite por Trichomonas/complicações , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Colposcopia , Estudos Transversais , Citodiagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Fatores de Risco , Vaginite por Trichomonas/diagnóstico , Vaginite por Trichomonas/parasitologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142070, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920390

RESUMO

Degradation and metabolism of chlorfluazuron and flonicamid from tea garden to cup were simultaneously investigated by a modified QuEChERS method coupled with UPLC-MS/MS quantification. The dissipation half-lives of chlorfluazuron, flonicamid, and total flonicamid (the sum of flonicamid and its metabolites TFNG, TFNA, and TFNA-AM) in fresh tea leaves during tea growth were 6.0 d, 4.8 d, and 8.1 d, respectively. TFNG and TFNA were generated during tea growth. After tea processing, the residues of chlorfluazuron, flonicamid, and its metabolites in black tea were higher than those in green tea. The average processing factors of chlorfluazuron, flonicamid, and total flonicamid in black tea were 2.54, 3.02, and 2.87, respectively, while in green tea they were 2.40, 2.93, and 2.79, respectively. TFNG, TFNA, and TFNA-AM were formed rapidly during the drying step. Considering the influence of water content at various processing steps, the average loss rates of chlorfluazuron, flonicamid, and total flonicamid residue from fresh tea leaves to black tea were 16.7%, 33.8%, and 20.7%, respectively, and 29.6%, 14.0% and 18.2%, respectively, in the case of green tea. The highest leaching rates of chlorfluazuron, flonicamid, and total flonicamid during tea brewing were 6.8%, 97.0%, and 97.4%, respectively, in black tea infusion, and 6.0%, 98.9%, and 98.6%, respectively, in green tea infusion. The metabolites, especially TFNG, had a higher leaching rate during tea brewing. The migration of chlorfluazuron from fresh leaves to tea infusion was low, and the migration of flonicamid was high. The RQc and RQa of chlorfluazuron and total flonicamid were less than 1. This result indicates that the potential dietary intake risk of chlorfluazuron from tea is negligible. However, the risk of total flonicamid intake is three times higher than that of chlorfluazuron. There is a potential risk of intake of flonicamid and its metabolites in tea for human consumption.

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