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1.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NACHT and WD repeat domain-containing protein 1 (Nwd1) is a member of the innate immune protein subfamily. Nwd1 contributes to the androgen receptor signaling pathway and is involved in axonal growth. However, the mechanisms that underlie pathophysiological dysfunction in seizures remain unclear. METHODS: Biochemical methods were used to assess Nwd1 expression and localization in a mouse model of kainic acid (KA)-induced acute seizures and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients. Electrophysiological recordings were used to measure the role of Nwd1 in regulating synaptic transmission and neuronal hyperexcitability in a model of magnesium-free-induced seizure in vitro. Behavioral experiments were performed, and seizure-induced pathological changes were evaluated in a KA-induced seizure model in vivo. GluN2B expression was measured and its correlation with Tyr1472-GluN2B phosphorylation was analyzed in primary hippocampal neurons. FINDINGS: We demonstrated high protein levels of Nwd1 in brain tissues obtained from mice with acute seizures and TLE patients. Silencing Nwd1 in mice using an adeno-associated virus (AAV) profoundly suppressed neuronal hyperexcitability and the occurrence of acute seizures, which may have been caused by reducing GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor-dependent glutamatergic synaptic transmission. Moreover, the decreased activation of Nwd1 reduced GluN2B expression and the phosphorylation of the GluN2B subunit at Tyr1472. INTERPRETATION: Here, we report a previously unrecognized but important role of Nwd1 in seizure models in vitro and in vivo, i.e., modulating the phosphorylation of the GluN2B subunit at Tyr1472 and regulating neuronal hyperexcitability. Meanwhile, our findings may provide a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of epilepsy or other hyperexcitability-related neurological disorders. FUND: The funders have not participated in the study design, data collection, data analysis, interpretation, or writing of the report.

2.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124632, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472355

RESUMO

Fenton (Fe2+ + H2O2) reagents acting to remove organic pollutants possess dual functions, including the oxidation by hydroxyl radicals and the coagulation of Fe(III). Previous papers have extensively studied the oxidation reactions by hydroxyl radicals, however, the coagulation role of Fenton for benzoic acid (BA) removal is not clear. Comparing three coagulation systems, it was found that Fenton coagulation possesses a significant advantage for the removal of BA. Through Fenton conditional experiments, results showed that with the increase of H2O2 dosage, not only was the Fenton oxidation effect improved, but the Fenton coagulation effect was also significantly enhanced. Interestingly, the flocs produced by in situ Fenton possess a better coagulation effect than an aged Fenton system when processing BA. To further explain these results, Zeta potential, Transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and Brunner-Emmet-Teller (BET) measurements were used for characterization, and we found that the flocs produced by Fenton possessed a smaller particle size, lower polymerization states and a larger specific surface area and pore volume, which exposed more active sites to create a better coagulation effect. Additionally, through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS), we found that in situ Fenton oxidation and coagulation have synergistic effects, and the carboxyl-containing intermediates produced by the Fenton oxidation of BA can be combined with hydroxyl active sites of the flocs produced by in situ Fenton, resulting in a better removal effect. Finally, Fenton oxidation increases oxygen/carbon (O/C) to promote Fenton coagulation, and in situ Fenton more fully utilizes the active sites on the flocs' surface.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480149

RESUMO

Objective: The Wannan Black pig is a typical Chinese indigenous, disease-resistant pig breed with high fertility, and a crude-feed tolerance that has been bred in the south of Anhui province by artificial selection for a long time. However, genome variation, genetic relationships with other pig breeds, and domestication, remain poorly understood. Here, we focus on elucidating the genetic characteristics of the Wannan Black pig and identifying selection signatures during domestication and breeding. Methods: We identified the whole-genome variation in the Wannan Black pig and performed population admixture analyses to determine genetic relationships with other domesticated pig breeds and wild boars. Then, we identified the selection signatures between the Wannan Black pig and Asian wild boars in 100-kb windows sliding in 10 kb steps by using two approaches: the fixation index (FST) and π ratios. Results: Resequencing the Wannan Black pig genome yielded 501.52 G of raw data. After calling single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) and insertions/deletions (InDels), we identified 21,316,754 SNVs and 5,067,206 InDels (2,898,582 inserts and 2,168,624 deletions). Additionally, we found genes associated with growth, immunity, and digestive functions. Conclusion: Our findings help in explaining the unique genetic and phenotypic characteristics of Wannan Black pigs, which in turn can be informative for future breeding programs of Wannan Black pigs.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480192

RESUMO

Objective: Considering the physiological and clinical importance of LEPR in regulating obesity and the fact that porcine LEPR expression is not known to be controlled by lncRNAs and miRNAs, we aim to characterize this gene as a potential target of SSC-miR-323 and the lncRNA TCONS_00010987. Methods: Bioinformatics analyses revealed that lncRNA TCONS_00010987 and LEPR have SSC-miR-323-binding sites and that LEPR might be a target of lncRNA TCONS_00010987 based on cis prediction. Wild-type and mutant TCONS_00010987-target sequence fragments and wild-type and mutant LEPR 3'-UTR fragments were generated and cloned into pmiR-RB-REPORTTM-Control vectors to construct respective recombinant plasmids. HEK293T cells were co-transfected with the SSC-miR-323 mimics or a negative control with constructs harboring the corresponding binding sites and relative luciferase activities were determined. Tissue expression patterns of lncRNA TCONS_00010987, SSC-miR-323, and LEPR in Anqing six-end-white (AQ, the obese breed) and Large White (LW, the lean breed) pigs were detected by real-time quantitative PCR; backfat expression of LEPR protein was detected by western blotting. Results: Target gene fragments were successfully cloned, and the four recombinant vectors were constructed. Compared to that with the negative control, SSC-miR-323 mimics significantly inhibited luciferase activity from the wild-type TCONS_00010987-target sequence and wild-type LEPR-3'-UTR (P < 0.01 for both) but not from the mutant TCONS_00010987-target sequence and mutant LEPR-3'-UTR (P > 0.05 for both). Backfat expression levels of TCONS_00010987 and LEPR in AQ pigs were significantly higher than those in LW pigs (P < 0.01), whereas levels of SSC-miR-323 in AQ pigs were significantly lower than those in LW pigs (P < 0.05). LEPR protein levels in the backfat tissues of AQ pigs were markedly higher than those in LW pigs (P < 0.01). Conclusion: LEPR is a potential target of SSC-miR-323, and TCONS_00010987 might act as a sponge for SSC-miR-323 to regulate LEPR expression.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480202

RESUMO

Objective: Apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) affects mammalian follicular development and fecundity. This study aimed to explore the regulatory relationship between microRNA-26a (miR-26a) and the 3ß-hydroxysteroid-Δ24-reductase gene (DHCR24) gene in porcine follicular granular cells (pGCs), and to provide empirical data for the development of methods to improve the reproductive capacity of pigs. Methods: The pGCs were transfected with miR-26a mimic, miR-26a inhibitor and DHCR24-siRNA in vitro. The cell apoptosis rate of pGCs was detected by the flow cytometry. The secretion levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) in pGCs were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Double luciferase validation system was used to detect the binding sites between miR-26a and DHCR24 3'-UTR region. Qualitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting (WB) were used to verify the DHCR24 mRNA and protein expression in pGCs, respectively, after transfecting with miR-26a mimic and miR-26a inhibitor. Results: Results showed that enhancement of miR-26a promoted apoptosis, and inhibited E2 and P secretion in pGCs. Meanwhile, inhibition of DHCR24 also upregulated the Caspase-3 expression, reduced the BCL-2 expression, promoted pGCs apoptosis, and inhibited E2 and P secretion in pGCs. There was the binding sites of miR-26a located within DHCR24 3'-UTR. Up-regulation of miR-26a inhibited DHCR24 mRNA and protein expression in pGCs. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that miR-26a can promote cell apoptosis and inhibit E2 and P secretion by inhibiting the expression of DHCR24 in pGCs.

6.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6624-6630, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Following renal transplantation, early-onset pneumonia is a frequent and severe infection-related complication. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been reported as a predictive marker among patients with infectious diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the significance of RDW in predicting prognosis, including 60-day mortality, in renal transplant recipients with early-onset pneumonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical data from patients who developed early-onset pneumonia after renal transplantation were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into 2 groups: those with an RDW ≤15.0% and those with an RDW >15.0%. The 60-day mortality, bacteremia, need for mechanical ventilation, renal transplant rejection rate, and number of admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier methods. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the risk factors for 60-day mortality. RESULTS Among the 118 patients participating in the study, 18 (15.2%) died during the 60-day follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a death rate of 9.38% in the group with an RDW ≤15.0%, and a death rate of 40.9% in the group with an RDW >15.0% (P<0.001). Patient prognosis, including episodes of mechanical ventilation, graft rejection, and ICU admissions were significantly different between groups (P<0.01). RDW was an independent factor related to higher 60-day mortality (HR, 1.672; 95% CI, 1.111-2.516). CONCLUSIONS Among patients with early-onset pneumonia following renal transplantation, increased RDW >15.0% was significantly associated with prognosis and 60-day mortality.

7.
FASEB J ; : fj201900812R, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366243

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. Exercise is a first-line therapy and an important preventive measure for patients with NAFLD, but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) and subjected to 12 wk swimming exercise. Exercise protected against hepatic lipid accumulation and alleviated hepatocyte damage in HFD mice. Tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomic analyses and ingenuity pathway analysis revealed that exercise down-regulated fatty acid-binding protein (FABP)1 signaling pathway, which was most closely associated with lipid metabolism. Moreover, exercise significantly decreased FABP1 expression, and liver-specific overexpression of FABP1 abolished the protective effect of exercise in NAFLD mice. Specifically, exercise significantly increased autophagic flux via restoring lysosomal function, including lysosomal proteolysis and lysosomal acidification maintenance, contributing to enhancement in autophagic clearance and subsequently alleviation of hepatic steatosis. Conversely, Fabp1 overexpression in the mouse liver blocked the protective effect of exercise via inhibiting autophagy flux. The present study identified FABP1 inhibition-mediated replenishment of the autophagy-lysosomal machinery as a novel endogenous mechanism whereby long-term exercise improves lipid homeostasis and ameliorates hepatic steatosis in NAFLD.-Pi, H., Liu, M., Xi, Y., Chen, M., Tian, L., Xie, J., Chen, M., Wang, Z., Yang, M., Yu, Z., Zhou, Z., Gao, F. Long-term exercise prevents hepatic steatosis: a novel role of FABP1 in regulation of autophagy-lysosomal machinery.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463747

RESUMO

The different techniques like spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching were used to study the interactive effect of carbendazim (CARB) and catalase (CAT) at the molecular level. The results showed that conditions were beneficial to the quenching mechanism at 25.0 °C, pH 7.0, while the binding constant k was 1.92 × 105 L mol-1 and the number of binding site was 1.0385. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that CARB could interact spontaneously with CAT to form a complex mainly by van der Waals' interactions and hydrogen bonds. The interaction mechanism between CARB and CAT was that the effects of CARB on CAT in soil were activated and then restore stability. However, the effects of CARB on simple CAT were activated and then inhibited.

9.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 36(1): 886-896, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464154

RESUMO

Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the bactericidal effects of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG, a substitute for Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in vitro and in vivo, and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Materials and methods: HIFU, at a fixed frequency of 1 MHz, was applied to both BCG culture suspensions and subcutaneous BCG abscesses in rats. Results: HIFU irradiation significantly reduced the bacterial survival rate and caused temperature elevations both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, BCG suspensions irradiated for 15 s at 3185 and 6369 W/cm2 had increased cell wall damage, which resulted in morphological changes compared to the untreated control group. Additionally, we observed histological changes in the rat subcutaneous abscesses after HIFU ablation at 6369 W/cm2. H&E staining of infected lesions showed coagulative necrosis with central nucleus dissolution and increased infiltration of inflammatory cells, as well as nuclear pyknosis and nuclear fragmentation in the periphery. The volumes of the subcutaneous abscesses in the HIFU-treated group were significantly lower than those in the sham-treated group. Conclusion: HIFU has the therapeutic potential to treat BCG-infected tissues in rats. We theorize that a combination of mechanical, cavitation, and thermal effects most efficiently inactivate BCG bacteria via HIFU. This study is expected to provide a bio-plausible basis for a noninvasive and effective treatment for tuberculosis.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464416

RESUMO

In lithium metal batteries (LMBs), electrolytes composed of salts and organic solvents play a significant role in transporting Li+ ions and creating the surface film on Li-metal anodes. Herein, the effect of methyl acetate (MA) as a co-solvent is reported, which enables the facilitated Li+ transport and formation of a robust solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) on the Li-metal anode. The symmetrical Li//Li cell tests show remarkable cycle stability of MA-based electrolytes at 3 mA/cm2 without obvious voltage fluctuation. At 5 mA/cm2, the Li//Li cells in MA-based electrolytes can still run up to 110 h with lower overpotential, compared to the cell cycled with MA-free electrolytes. Furthermore, the LMBs consisting of Li anode and LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) cathode delivers the high capacity (~200 mAh/g), good cycling stability up to 300 cycles, excellent rate capability (10 C), and low self-discharging rates (8.5%) with MA-based electrolytes. Especially, the capacity of the Li//NCA cells with MA30 electrolytes at -35 °C is as high as 144 mAh/g, which is higher than that of the cells in MA-free electrolytes. It demonstrates the MA is beneficial for the LMB operation at high rate and low temperature.

11.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 74(2): 110-114, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438662

RESUMO

The Chicago classification (CC) defines an esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) as the presence of several instances of intact or weak peristalsis, elevated median integrated relaxation pressure above 15 mmHg, and a discrepancy from the criteria of achalasia. The revised CC addresses the potential etiology of EGJOO, including the early forms of achalasia, mechanical obstruction, esophageal wall stiffness, or manifestation of hiatal hernia. A 58-year-old woman visited the Presbyterian Medical Center with swallowing difficulty. The patient underwent a high resolution manometry (HRM) examination and was diagnosed with EGJOO. Chest CT was performed to exclude a mechanical obstruction as a cause, and CT revealed a subepithelial tumor (SET) at the upper part of the esophagogastric junction. Therefore, laparoscopic surgery was performed and eccentric muscular hypertrophy of the distal esophagus was observed. Longitudinal myotomy and Dor fundoplication were also performed. The histology findings of the surgical specimens were consistent with achalasia. This paper reports a case of early achalasia that was finally diagnosed by the histology findings, but was initially diagnosed as EGJOO using HRM and misdiagnosed as SET in the image study.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16693, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393371

RESUMO

To strengthen rural health services, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies to promote health workforce development. This study aims to understand the current status of village doctors and to explore the factors associated with village doctors' job satisfaction in western China. It also attempts to provide references for further building capacities of village doctors and promoting the development of rural health service policy.A multistage stratified sampling method was used to obtain data from a cross-sectional survey on village doctors across 2 provinces of western China during 2012 to 2013. Quantitative data were collected from village doctors face-to-face, through a self-administered questionnaire.Among the 370 respondents, 225 (60.8%) aged 25 to 44 years, and 268 (72.4%) were covered by health insurance. Their income and working time calculated by workloads were higher than their self-report results. Being healthy, working fewer years, and having government funding and facilities were the positive factors toward their job satisfaction. Village doctors working with government-funded village clinics or facilities were more likely to feel satisfied.Problems identified previously such as low income and lack of insurance, heavy workload and aging were not detected in our study. Instead, village doctors were better-paid and better-covered by social insurance than other local rural residents, with increased job satisfaction. Government policies should pay more attention to improving the quality of rural health services and the income and security system of village doctors, to maintain and increase their job satisfaction and work enthusiasm. Further experimental study could evaluate effects of government input to improve rural health human resources and system development.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Médicos/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Rural/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Fortalecimento Institucional , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Rural/legislação & jurisprudência , Autorrelato
13.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432836

RESUMO

N-Oxido copper(ii) ethylenediaminetetraacetate Na4n[Cu2(edtaO2)2(H2O)4]n·13nH2O (2) (H4edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, C10H16O8N2) and N-oxido copper(ii) 1,3-propanediaminetetraacetate Na5nOn[Cu2(HpdtaO2)2Cl]n·12.5nH2O (4) (H4pdta = 1,3-propanediaminetetraacetic acid, C11H18O8N2) were obtained from the reactions of copper(ii) edta and pdta respectively with hydrogen peroxide. The copper ions in 2 and 4 are hexa-coordinated by edtaO2 or pdtaO2 ligands, forming 1D chain structures. Further reactions of 2 and 4 at lower pH values result in the isolation of copper(ii) iminodiacetate K[Cu(ida)(H2O)2Cl] (3) (H2ida = iminodiacetate acid, C4H7O4N) and copper(ii) propanediaminediacetate [Cu2(pdda)2]n·nH2O (5) (H2pdda = propanediaminediacetic acid, C7H10O4N2), respectively, which show the selective degradation of ethylenediaminetetraacetate and propanediaminetetraacetate.

14.
J BUON ; 24(3): 1167-1174, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424675

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To detect the expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) in peripheral blood T lymphocytes of patients with primary liver cancer and its effect on their prognosis. METHODS: The medical records of 42 patients with primary liver cancer, 36 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and 38 healthy volunteers composed the liver cancer group, benign lesion group and control group, respectively. Fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) was used for detecting the expression level of PD-1 mRNA in peripheral blood T lymphocytes of subjects in the three groups, and flow cytometry was used for detecting the positive expression of PD-l protein on the surface of T lymphocytes of subjects. RESULTS: Patients in the control group and the benign lesion group had lower expression level of PD-1 mRNA than those in the liver cancer group (p<0.05). Patients in the control group had lower expression level of PD-1 mRNA than those in the benign lesion group (p<0.05). Patients in the control group and the benign lesion group had lower positive expression rate of PD-1 protein on the surface of T lymphocytes than those in the liver cancer group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of PD-1 in the peripheral blood was higher in patients with primary liver cancer. Patients in the PD-1 low expression group had significantly better prognosis than those in the PD-1 high expression group. PD-1 may be related to the occurrence and development of primary liver cancer and is worthy of further study.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A radical surgery is mandatory for advanced gallbladder cancer. However, the appropriate surgical procedure for T2 gallbladder cancer remains controversial because of the difficulty associated with accurate preoperative diagnosis. The aims of the study were to analyze the clinicopathologic features of patients diagnosed with T2 gallbladder cancer and to identify the survival benefit of hepatectomy for such cases. METHODS: Eighty-four patients, who were diagnosed with pT2 gallbladder cancer from January 1995 to December 2012, were included in this study. Patients were divided into nonhepatectomy and hepatectomy groups. RESULTS: Partial hepatectomies were performed in 36 of 84 patients (42.9%). A significant difference in age was observed between the nonhepatectomy and hepatectomy groups (P=0.027). However, no significant differences were observed in sex, tumor size, or pathologic outcome between the 2 groups. No significant difference in survival rate was observed between the 2 groups (5-year survival rate, 60.4% vs. 66.6%). Of the 23 patients who underwent cholecystectomy, 11 (47.8%) were treated with extended surgery as a second operation with curative intent. No remnant tumor was detected at the hepatectomy site in any patient. However, the second operation revealed lymph node metastasis in 2 patients (18.2%). In terms of recurrence, 8 patients (34.7%) had hepatic metastasis. However, the metastatic tumor was away from the resection margin. No significant difference in survival rate was found between the peritoneal and the hepatic side groups (5-year survival rate, 62.5% vs. 73.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatectomy is not associated with a better survival rate after surgery for T2 gallbladder cancer. Moreover, no recurrence near the gallbladder fossa is observed. In case of T2 gallbladder cancer confirmed by first operation, however, a second operation should be recommended on the basis of accurate nodal staging and additional therapy.

16.
J Vasc Res ; : 1-13, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ca2+ plays an important role in the regulation of vasoconstriction. Ca2+ signaling is regulated by a number of Ca2+-handling proteins. However, whether differences in Ca2+ handling affect the regulation of vasoconstriction in different arteries remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether differences in Ca2+ handling affect the response to vasoconstrictors in different arteries. METHODS: Arterial ring contraction was measured using a Multi Myograph System. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were digested with type 2 collagenase in DMEM, then intracellular calcium concentration was measured with the Ca2+ probe fluo-4/AM in the isolated cells. Calcium-related proteins were assayed by Western blotting. RESULTS: Phenylephrine did not induce -coronary arterial contraction. There were differences in -5-hydroxytryptamine, 9,11-dideoxy-11a,9a-epoxymethano-prostaglandin F2a, and endothelin 1-induced vasoconstriction in different solutions between coronary and renal arteries. Vasoconstrictions in the presence of Bay K8644 were stronger in coronary than in renal arteries. Store-operated calcium (SOC) channels could mediate Ca2+ influx in VSMCs of both groups. SOC channels did not participate in the contraction of coronary arteries. In addition, there were significant differences in the expressions of receptors and ion channels between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Ca2+ handling contributed to the different responses to vasoconstrictors between coronary and renal arteries.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16716, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374066

RESUMO

The purposes of the study was to validate the relationship between General transcription factor II-I (GTF2I) genetic variants and kidney involvements of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in a Chinese Han population.Samples from 400 SLE patients and 400 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were collected and genotyped by improved multiplex ligation detection reaction technique. The relationship between gene polymorphism of rs117026326, rs73366469, and susceptibility, progression of SLE were analyzed.The present study provided evidence that rs117026326 and rs73366469 were both associated with SLE susceptibility (both C vs T: P < .001). The analysis of dominant, recessive disease model provided us with further validation (P < .001). Both gene polymorphisms are associated with a triad of disease manifestations among SLE patients. Patients carrying genotype TT of rs117026326 had lower 24-hour urinary total protein (24 hours UTP, g/24 hours), 24-hour urinary protein level (g/L·24 hours), lower frequency of the proteinuria and lupus nephritis (LN). Patients carrying genotype TT at rs73366469 had higher 24-hour urinary protein level, higher frequency of the proteinuria, LN and positive anti-dsDNA than those with other genotypes.This study identified the involvement of GTF2I gene polymorphisms in development of SLE, particularly in renal involvement.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição TFII/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/urina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteinúria/urina , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407404

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is the third leading cause of female death in the world. Serum microRNAs (miRNAs) are currently considered to be valuable as noninvasive cancer biomarkers, but their role in the prognosis of cervical cancer has not been elucidated. We aimed to find serum miRNAs that can be used as prognostic factors for cervical cancer. A traumatic pathological biopsy is the only reliable method for determining the severity of cervical cancer currently. Thus, noninvasive diagnostic markers are needed. The serological expression of candidate miRNAs were measured in 90 participants, including 60 patients with cervical cancer and 50 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Two patients with cervical cancer were excluded from the study because of lack of data. miRNAs were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. miR-143/-4636 appeared specific for cervical cancer compared with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (P < .001). The classification performance of validated miRNAs for cervical cancer [Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.942] was better than that reached by squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag; AUC = 0.727). Poor-differentiation group has lower miR-143/-4636 levels in serum (P < .05). miR-4636 level was correlated gross tumor volume and the depth of invasion (P < .0001). In our study, we found a combination of miR-143 and miR-4636 that is independently and strongly associated with cervical cancer prognosis and can be used as a clinically prognostic factor.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 117: 109083, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction is an important mechanism of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Developing mitochondrial regulators/nutrients from natural products to remedy mitochondrial dysfunction represent attractive strategies for NAFLD therapy. In China, Polygonatum kingianum (PK) has been used as a herb and food nutrient for centuries. So far, studies in which the effects of PK on NAFLD are evaluated are lacking. Our study aims at identifying the effects and mechanism of action of PK on NAFLD based on mitochondrial regulation. METHODS: A NAFLD rat model was induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) and rats were intragastrically given PK (1, 2 and 4 g/kg) for 14 weeks. Changes in body weight, food intake, histological parameters, organ indexes, biochemical parameters and mitochondrial indicators involved in oxidative stress, energy metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, and apoptosis were investigated. RESULTS: PK significantly inhibited the HFD-induced increase of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, total cholesterol (TC), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum, and TC and triglyceride in the liver. In addition, PK reduced high density lipoprotein cholesterol and liver enlargement without affecting food intake. PK also remarkably inhibited the HFD-induced increase of malondialdehyde and the reduction of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, ATP synthase, and complex I and II, in mitochondria. Moreover, mRNA expression of carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 and uncoupling protein-2 was significantly up-regulated and down-regulated after PK treatment, respectively. Finally, PK notably inhibited the HFD-induced increase of caspase 9, caspase 3 and Bax expression in hepatocytes, and the decrease of expression of Bcl-2 in hepatocytes and cytchrome c in mitochondria. CONCLUSION: PK alleviated HFD-induced NAFLD by promoting mitochondrial functions. Thus, PK may be useful mitochondrial regulators/nutrients to remedy mitochondrial dysfunction and alleviate NAFLD.

20.
Org Lett ; 21(16): 6548-6551, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373503

RESUMO

Evolvulins I and II (1 and 2), representing a new class of resin glycosides with an unprecedented trihydroxy aglycone unit, 3S,11R,14R-trihydroxyhexadecanoic acid (4), were isolated from the whole plants of Evolvulus alsinoides. Their structures were thoroughly characterized by extensive spectroscopic analyses as well as chemical evidence. Compound 1 exhibited the most potent cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 cells, with an IC50 value of 3.12 µM.

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