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1.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e49276, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open-system electronic cigarette (EC) product features, such as battery capacity, maximum output wattage, and so forth, are major components that drive product costs and may influence use patterns. Moreover, continued innovation and monitoring of product features and prices will provide critical information for designing appropriate taxation policies and product regulations. OBJECTIVE: This study will examine how product features are associated with the prices of devices sold in web-based vape shops. METHODS: We draw samples from 5 popular, US-based, web-based vape shops from April to August 2022 to examine starter kits, device-only products, and e-liquid container-only products. We implemented a linear regression model with a store-fixed effect to examine the association between device attributes and prices. RESULTS: EC starter kits or devices vary significantly by type, with mod prices being much higher than pod and vape pen prices. The prices of mod starter kits were even lower than those of mod devices, suggesting that mod starter kits are discounted in web-based vape shops. The price of mod kits, mod device-only products, and pod kits increased as the battery capacity and output wattage increased. For vape pens, the price was positively associated with the volume size of the e-liquid container. On the other hand, the price of pod kits was positively associated with the number of containers. CONCLUSIONS: A unit-based specific tax, therefore, will impose a higher tax burden on lower-priced devices such as vape pens or pod systems and a lower tax burden on mod devices. A volume- or capacity-based specific tax on devices will impose a higher tax burden on vape pens with a larger container size. Meanwhile, ad valorem taxes pegged to wholesale or retail prices would apply evenly across device types, meaning those with advanced features such as higher battery capacities and output wattage would face higher rates. Therefore, policy makers could manipulate tax rates by device type to discourage the use of certain device products.

2.
Neural Netw ; 177: 106366, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744112

RESUMO

Image super-resolution (ISR) is designed to recover lost detail information from low-resolution images, resulting in high-quality and high-definition high-resolution images. In the existing single ISR (SISR) methods based on convolutional neural networks (CNN), however, most of the models cannot effectively combine global and local information and are also easy to ignore the correlation between different hierarchical feature information. To address these problems, this study proposes a multi-level feature interactive image super-resolution network, which is constructed by the convolutional units inspired by nonlinear spiking mechanism in nonlinear spiking neural P systems, including shallow feature processing, deep feature extraction and fusion, and reconstruction modules. The different omni domain self-attention blocks are introduced to extract global information in the deep feature extraction and fusion stage and formed a feature enhancement module having a Transformer structure using a novel convolutional unit for extracting local information. Furthermore, to adaptively fuse features between different hierarchies, we design a multi-level feature fusion module, which not only can adaptively fuse features between different hierarchies, but also can better interact with contextual information. The proposed model is compared with 16 state-of-the-art or baseline models on five benchmark datasets. The experimental results show that the proposed model not only achieves good reconstruction performance, but also strikes a good balance between model parameters and performance.

3.
Anal Chem ; 96(19): 7747-7755, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691774

RESUMO

Accurate classification of tumor cells is of importance for cancer diagnosis and further therapy. In this study, we develop multimolecular marker-activated transmembrane DNA computing systems (MTD). Employing the cell membrane as a native gate, the MTD system enables direct signal output following simple spatial events of "transmembrane" and "in-cell target encounter", bypassing the need of multistep signal conversion. The MTD system comprises two intelligent nanorobots capable of independently sensing three molecular markers (MUC1, EpCAM, and miR-21), resulting in comprehensive analysis. Our AND-AND logic-gated system (MTDAND-AND) demonstrates exceptional specificity, allowing targeted release of drug-DNA specifically in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, the transformed OR-AND logic-gated system (MTDOR-AND) exhibits broader adaptability, facilitating the release of drug-DNA in three positive cancer cell lines (MCF-7, HeLa, and HepG2). Importantly, MTDAND-AND and MTDOR-AND, while possessing distinct personalized therapeutic potential, share the ability of outputting three imaging signals without any intermediate conversion steps. This feature ensures precise classification cross diverse cells (MCF-7, HeLa, HepG2, and MCF-10A), even in mixed populations. This study provides a straightforward yet effective solution to augment the versatility and precision of DNA computing systems, advancing their potential applications in biomedical diagnostic and therapeutic research.


Assuntos
DNA , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/metabolismo , DNA/química , MicroRNAs/análise , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Mucina-1/análise , Computadores Moleculares , Células MCF-7 , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/química , Células Hep G2
4.
Talanta ; 276: 126256, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762977

RESUMO

Endotoxins, also known as lipopolysaccharides (LPS), are present within the cell walls of Gram-negative bacteria and are released upon cellular death, which can pose a significant risk to human and animal health. Due to the minimal amount of endotoxin required to trigger an inflammatory response in human body, the demand for sensitive methods with low endotoxin detection limits is essential necessary. This paper presents a straightforward aptamer sensor which can enhance the conductivity and specific surface area of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) by incorporating carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-COOH) and polyaniline (PANI). Doping with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) improves biocompatibility and sensitivity while providing binding sites for thiolated endotoxin-binding aptamers (LBA). This biosensor achieved a remarkable detection limit as low as 0.5 fg mL-1, enabling trace-level identification of LPS. It also exhibits excellent repeatability, selectivity, and stability, facilitating rapid and accurate LPS detection. Moreover, this method demonstrates high recovery rates and specificity for LPS analysis in food samples, showcasing its promising application prospects in trace-level LPS detection within the food industry.

5.
Neurobiol Aging ; 140: 116-121, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763076

RESUMO

Synaptic dysfunction is highly correlated with cognitive impairments in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common dementia syndrome in the elderly. Long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) are two primary forms of synaptic plasticity with opposite direction of synaptic efficiency change. Both LTD and LTD are considered to mediate the cellular process of learning and memory. Substantial studies demonstrate AD-associated deficiency of both LTP and LTD. Meanwhile, the molecular signaling mechanisms underlying impairment of synaptic plasticity, particularly LTD, are poorly understood. By taking advantage of the novel transgenic mouse models recently developed in our lab, here we aimed to investigate the roles of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a central molecular senor that plays a critical role in maintaining cellular energy homeostasis, in regulation of LTD phenotypes in AD. We found that brain-specific suppression of the AMPKα1 isoform (but not AMPKα2 isoform) was able to alleviate mGluR-LTD deficits in APP/PS1 AD mouse model. Moreover, suppression of either AMPKα isoform failed to alleviate AD-related NMDAR-dependent LTD deficits. Taken together with our recent studies on roles of AMPK signaling in AD pathophysiology, the data indicate isoform-specific roles of AMPK in mediating AD-associated synaptic and cognitive impairments.

6.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e30577, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770305

RESUMO

Background: Cases of simultaneous TA-TAVR and Mckeown dual minimally invasive surgery are very rare. A retrospective analysis of the clinical features, perioperative surgical cooperation and care of an elderly patient with esophageal cancer combined with moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation. Methods: An elderly patient with esophageal cancer combined with moderate to severe aortic valve regurgitation was admitted to the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University in September 2022. Through preoperative MDT discussion, two minimally invasive surgical options were identified and analyzed to develop personalized and standardized perioperative operating room care and surgical coordination. Informed written consent and institutional review board approval were both obtained (No. 2021-879; July 25, 2022) for the surgery and the publication of the study data. Results: After a thorough preoperative MDT discussion and the development of a personalized and standardized operating room care plan, the two surgeries lasted a total of 5h 35mins with a total bleeding volume of 150 ml. The surgeries went smoothly, and the patients were sent to the ICU and transferred back to the general ward on the second day after surgery without complications. Conclusion: The simultaneous performance of dual minimally invasive level IV surgery is indeed a high-risk procedure, which is a new challenge for both patients and health care workers. Standardized OR care planning and surgical coordination are also important aspects of MDT, reflecting that OR care is an indispensable role in the surgical team as well.

7.
Autophagy ; : 1-18, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705724

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) serves as a hub for various cellular processes, and maintaining ER homeostasis is essential for cell function. Reticulophagy is a selective process that removes impaired ER subdomains through autophagy-mediatedlysosomal degradation. While the involvement of ubiquitination in autophagy regulation is well-established, its role in reticulophagy remains unclear. In this study, we screened deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) involved in reticulophagy and identified USP20 (ubiquitin specific peptidase 20) as a key regulator of reticulophagy under starvation conditions. USP20 specifically cleaves K48- and K63-linked ubiquitin chains on the reticulophagy receptor RETREG1/FAM134B (reticulophagy regulator 1), thereby stabilizing the substrate and promoting reticulophagy. Remarkably, despite lacking a transmembrane domain, USP20 is recruited to the ER through its interaction with VAPs (VAMP associated proteins). VAPs facilitate the recruitment of early autophagy proteins, including WIPI2 (WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting 2), to specific ER subdomains, where USP20 and RETREG1 are enriched. The recruitment of WIPI2 and other proteins in this process plays a crucial role in facilitating RETREG1-mediated reticulophagy in response to nutrient deprivation. These findings highlight the critical role of USP20 in maintaining ER homeostasis by deubiquitinating and stabilizing RETREG1 at distinct ER subdomains, where USP20 further recruits VAPs and promotes efficient reticulophagy.Abbreviations: ACTB actin beta; ADRB2 adrenoceptor beta 2; AMFR/gp78 autocrine motility factor receptor; ATG autophagy related; ATL3 atlastin GTPase 3; BafA1 bafilomycin A1; BECN1 beclin 1; CALCOCO1 calcium binding and coiled-coil domain 1; CCPG1 cell cycle progression 1; DAPI 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DTT dithiothreitol; DUB deubiquitinating enzyme; EBSS Earle's Balanced Salt Solution; FFAT two phenylalanines (FF) in an acidic tract; GABARAP GABA type A receptor-associated protein; GFP green fluorescent protein; HMGCR 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase; IL1B interleukin 1 beta; LIR LC3-interacting region; MAP1LC3/LC3 microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; PIK3C3/Vps34 phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; RB1CC1/FIP200 RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1; RETREG1/FAM134B reticulophagy regulator 1; RFP red fluorescent protein; RHD reticulon homology domain; RIPK1 receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 1; RTN3L reticulon 3 long isoform; SEC61B SEC61 translocon subunit beta; SEC62 SEC62 homolog, preprotein translocation factor; SIM super-resolution structured illumination microscopy; SNAI2 snail family transcriptional repressor 2; SQSTM1/p62 sequestosome 1; STING1/MITA stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1; STX17 syntaxin 17; TEX264 testis expressed 264, ER-phagy receptor; TNF tumor necrosis factor; UB ubiquitin; ULK1 unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1; USP20 ubiquitin specific peptidase 20; USP33 ubiquitin specific peptidase 33; VAMP8 vesicle associated membrane protein 8; VAPs VAMP associated proteins; VMP1 vacuole membrane protein 1; WIPI2 WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting 2; ZFYVE1/DFCP1 zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10643, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724634

RESUMO

Heterojunctions play a crucial role in improving the absorption of visible light and performance of photocatalysts for organic contaminants degradation in water. In this work, a novel type-II-II Ag2CO3/Bi2WO6 (AB) heterojunction was synthesized by hydrothermal reaction and in situ-precipitation methods. The mechanisms of charge transfer and carrier separation at the interface of heterojunctions and the influence on the photocatalytic activity were investigated. The degradation of levofloxacin (LEV) under visible light irradiation was employed to evaluate the photocatalytic performance of AB. The results showed that 85.4% LEV was degraded by AB, which was 1.38 and 1.39 times higher than that of Bi2WO6 and Ag2CO3, respectively. The work functions of the different crystal planes in the AB heterojunction, which was calculated by density functional theory, are a significant difference. The Fermi energy (Ef) of Ag2CO3 (- 6.005 eV) is lower than Bi2WO6 (- 3.659 eV), but the conduction band (CB) is higher. Therefore, using AB heterojunctions as an example, the research explored the mechanism of type-II-II which CB and Ef of one semiconductor cannot simultaneously surpass those of another material, based on the built-in electric field theory. Through this analysis, a deeper understanding of type-II heterojunctions was achieved, and providing valuable insights into the behavior of this specific heterojunction system.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1371667, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765683

RESUMO

Globally, ~8%-12% of couples confront infertility issues, male-related issues being accountable for 50%. This review focuses on the influence of gut microbiota and their metabolites on the male reproductive system from five perspectives: sperm quality, testicular structure, sex hormones, sexual behavior, and probiotic supplementation. To improve sperm quality, gut microbiota can secrete metabolites by themselves or regulate host metabolites. Endotoxemia is a key factor in testicular structure damage that causes orchitis and disrupts the blood-testis barrier (BTB). In addition, the gut microbiota can regulate sex hormone levels by participating in the synthesis of sex hormone-related enzymes directly and participating in the enterohepatic circulation of sex hormones, and affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-testis (HPT) axis. They can also activate areas of the brain that control sexual arousal and behavior through metabolites. Probiotic supplementation can improve male reproductive function. Therefore, the gut microbiota may affect male reproductive function and behavior; however, further research is needed to better understand the mechanisms underlying microbiota-mediated male infertility.

11.
World J Diabetes ; 15(5): 945-957, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a debilitating complication of diabetes mellitus with limited available treatment options. Radix Salviae, a traditional Chinese herb, has shown promise in treating DPN, but its therapeutic mech-anisms have not been systematically investigated. AIM: Radix Salviae (Danshen in pinin), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is widely used to treat DPN in China. However, the mechanism through which Radix Salviae treats DPN remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to explore the mechanism of action of Radix Salviae against DPN using network pharmacology. METHODS: The active ingredients and target genes of Radix Salviae were screened using the TCM pharmacology database and analysis platform. The genes associated with DPN were obtained from the Gene Cards and OMIM databases, a drug-com-position-target-disease network was constructed, and a protein-protein inter-action network was subsequently constructed to screen the main targets. Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation and pathway enrichment analysis were performed via the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) using Bioconductor. RESULTS: A total of 56 effective components, 108 targets and 4581 DPN-related target genes of Radix Salviae were screened. Intervention with Radix Salviae for DPN mainly involved 81 target genes. The top 30 major targets were selected for enrichment analysis of GO and KEGG pathways. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that Radix Salviae could treat DPN by regulating the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway and the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Therefore, Danshen may affect DPN by regulating inflammation and apoptosis.

12.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 17: 2313-2320, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774624

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the maintenance effect of two puncture methods using non-coring needles in children with totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD). Methods: The 110 children who received TIVAD implantation for short bowel syndrome and solid tumors in our department from 2021.12 to 2022.12 were selected as the study subjects. Blinded method was used and divided into experimental group and control group according to random number table The experimental group underwent painless surround puncture method to place the needles and compound lidocaine ointment for topical anesthesia, while the control group underwent traditional puncture method to complete this operation. The effects of the two puncture methods on pain, catheter seal fluid volume, and catheter occlusion rate were evaluated using the Facial Pain Scale Revised, Behavioral Assessment Scale, and in vitro digital subtraction angiography test. Results: In the control group, the degree of puncture pain was mild in 5 patients, moderate in 19 patients, and severe in 28 patients; the amount of catheter sealing solution was 9.32 ± 1.32 mL, and the catheter occlusion rate was 25.00%. In the experimental group, the degree of puncture pain was mild in 16 patients, moderate in 22 patients, and severe in 16 patients; the amount of sealing solution was 7.66 ± 1.08 mL, and the blocking rate was 9.26%. The total pain score in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (5.23±6.17 VS 7.89±2.38). The difference between the two groups had statistical significance (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of the painless surround puncture method can effectively reduce the pain experienced by children during puncture, decrease the volume of catheter sealing fluid, reduce the rate of catheter blockage, provide a valuable basis for enhancing the maintenance effect of TIVAD in clinical practice for children.

13.
Microb Pathog ; 192: 106685, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750774

RESUMO

QseC is a membrane sensor kinase that enables bacteria to perceive autoinducers -3, adrenaline, and norepinephrine to initiate downstream gene transcription. In this study, we found that the QseC protein of Glaesserella parasuis can serve as an effective antigen to activate the host's immune response. Therefore, we investigated the immunogenicity and host protective effect of this protein. ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence results showed that QseC protein can induce high titer levels of humoral immunity in mice and regularly generate specific serum antibodies. We used MTS reagents to detect lymphocyte proliferation levels and found that QseC protein can cause splenic lymphocyte proliferation with memory and specificity. Further immunological analysis of the spleen cell supernatant revealed significant upregulation of levels of IL-1ß, IL-4 and IFN-γ in the QseC + adjuvant group. In the mouse challenge experiment, it was found that QseC + adjuvant can provide effective protection. The results of this study demonstrate that QseC protein provides effective protection in a mouse model and has the potential to serve as a candidate antigen for a novel subunit vaccine for further research.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202402946, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696279

RESUMO

Electrolytes with anion-dominated solvation are promising candidates to achieve dendrite-free and high-voltage potassium metal batteries. However, it's challenging to form anion-reinforced solvates at low salt concentrations. Herein, we construct an anion-reinforced solvation structure at a moderate concentration of 1.5 M with weakly coordinated cosolvent ethylene glycol dibutyl ether. The unique solvation structure accelerates the desolvation of K+, strengthens the oxidative stability to 4.94 V and facilitates the formation of inorganic-rich and stable electrode-electrolyte interface. These enable stable plating/stripping of K metal anode over 2200 h, high capacity retention of 83.0% after 150 cycles with a high cut-off voltage of 4.5 V in K0.67MnO2//K cells, and even 91.5% after 30 cycles under 4.7 V. This work provides insight into weakly coordinated cosolvent and opens new avenues for designing ether-based high-voltage electrolytes.

15.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) have demonstrated efficacy in repairing uterine scars, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: Uterine injury was surgically induced in a rat model, followed by immediate transplantation of 5 × 10 ^ 5 hUC-MSCs to each side of the uterus. Uterine morphology was evaluated at days 14 and 30 using HE and Masson staining. Immunohistochemistry assessed macrophage polarization, angiogenesis and endometrial receptivity in the endometrium. Additionally, the regulatory effects of hUC-MSCs on macrophage polarization were explored through coculture. qRT-PCR quantified the expression of anti-inflammatory (IL10 and Arg1) and pro-inflammatory (iNOS and TNF-α) factors. Western blotting evaluated CD163 expression. RESULTS: Transplantation of hUC-MSCs promoted the healing of uterine injuries and tissue regeneration while inhibiting tissue fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry at days 14 and 30 post-transplantation demonstrated the polarization of macrophages toward the M2 phenotype in the uterine injury area in the presence of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, hUC-MSC transplantation improved angiogenesis and endometrial receptivity in the uterine injury rat model, associated with increased IL10 expression. hUC-MSC-induced angiogenesis can be resisted by depleted macrophages. In vitro coculture experiments further demonstrated that hUC-MSCs promoted IL10 expression in macrophages while suppressing TNF-α and iNOS expression. Western blotting showed enhanced CD163 expression in macrophages following hUC-MSC treatment. CONCLUSIONS: hUC-MSCs contribute to the healing of uterine injuries by targeting macrophages to promote angiogenesis and the expression of anti-inflammatory factors.

16.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1310343, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756491

RESUMO

As an important carrier of culture, poetry plays a significant role in deepening language learners' understanding of the target language culture as well as enhancing their language skills; however, the effect of the target language culture on language learners' enjoyment of poetry remains unclear. The study served as an attempt to shed light on the point of whether the target language culture has different effects on high- and low-level Chinese Arabic learners' fondness for Arabic poetry with the use of pictures related to Arabic culture and those not related to Arabic culture. In the current study, 40 Arabic learners (20 high-level and 20 low-level) scored the Arabic poem line based on their fondness for it after viewing two kinds of picture with electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Frontal alpha asymmetry index as a correlate of approach and avoidance related motivation measured by EEG power in the alpha band (8-13 Hz) was calculated for examining whether the behavioral results of Arabic learners' fondness for poetry are in line with the results of changes in the related EEG components. Behavioral results illustrated that low-level subjects showed significantly less liking for Arabic poetry after viewing pictures related to Arabic culture compared to those not related to Arabic culture. The high-level subjects did not show a significant difference in the level of liking for Arabic poetry between the two cases. FAA results demonstrated that low-level subjects presented a significant avoidance-related responses to Arabic poetry after viewing pictures related to Arabic culture in comparison to viewing pictures not related to Arabic culture; while the FAA values did not differ significantly between the two cases in high-level subjects, which is in line with behavioral results. The findings of this research can benefit teachers in motivating students to learn poetry in foreign language curriculum and also contribute to the literature on the effect of target language culture on language learners' enjoyment of poetry.

17.
Food Chem ; 453: 139652, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761737

RESUMO

Diclazuril (DIC) is a broad-spectrum anti-coccidiosis drug of the triazine class, widely used in poultry farming. The overuse of DIC may lead to its accumulation in animal bodies, which may enter the food chain and threaten human health. In this work, we fabricated a stable Eu3+-doped UiO-66 fluorescence sensor (EuUHIPA-30) for the sensitive detection of DIC. Among 20 veterinary drugs, the fluorescence of EuUHIPA-30 selectively responds to DIC, with a low detection limit (0.19 µM) and fast response (10 s). EuUHIPA-30 is recyclable and can detect DIC in chicken and eggs with good recoveries. Moreover, a smartphone-integrated paper-based sensor enables the instrument-free, rapid, visual, and intelligent detection of DIC in chickens and eggs. This work provides a promising candidate for practical fluorescent DIC sensing in animal-derived food to promote food safety.

18.
Life Sci ; 349: 122722, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754814

RESUMO

AIMS: Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR)-related lipid transfer domain-3 (STARD3) is a sterol-binding protein that facilitates cholesterol transport between cellular organelles. Cholesterol accumulation in podocytes directly contributes to the pathogenesis of albuminuria and renal injury under the condition of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The aim of this study is to determine the role of STARD3 on the intracellular distribution of cholesterol within podocytes. METHODS: In vivo and in vitro models of diabetes were performed. The protein levels of STARD3, Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1), and Niemann-Pick disease type C2 (NPC2) were respectively detected by western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. Filipin staining was used to evaluate the subcellular localization of cholesterol in podocytes. Mitochondrial damage was evaluated using JC-1 (CBIC2) and ROS (reactive oxygen species) assays. KEY FINDINGS: Upregulation of STARD3 under diabetes and hyperglycemia increases cholesterol transport from the late endosomal/lysosomal (LE/LY) to mitochondria, leading to mitochondrial cholesterol accumulation and cell injury in podocytes. Conversely, downregulating STARD3 expression attenuated mitochondrial cholesterol accumulation, and improved mitochondrial homeostasis. SIGNIFICANCE: STARD3 may govern intracellular cholesterol transport in podocytes, subsequently leading to regulation of mitochondrial metabolism. Therefore, targeting STARD3 emerges as a potential therapeutic strategy to mitigate diabetes-induced mitochondrial cholesterol accumulation and associated injury in podocytes.

19.
Fitoterapia ; 176: 106007, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744384

RESUMO

Three p-terphenyl metabolites (1-3), three indole-diterpenoids (4-6), an herbicide sesquiterpene (7), a flavonoid (8), and five other small molecules containing nitrogen (9-13) were isolated from the medicinal insect (Periplaneta americana)-derived endophytic Aspergillus taichungensis SMU01. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and quantum chemical computational methods. Biological activity of these isolates in the differentiation of mouse CD4+ T cell subsets was evaluated. Importantly, metabolites 2 targeting JAK-STAT signaling pathway could hold potential benefits in maintaining peripheral immune homeostasis and alleviating the progression of autoimmune diseases.

20.
Biomater Res ; 28: 0023, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694229

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology is characterized by high specificity and efficiency, and has been applied to the treatment of human diseases, especially tumors involving multiple genetic modifications. However, the clinical application of CRISPR/Cas9 still faces some major challenges, the most urgent of which is the development of optimized delivery vectors. Biomaterials are currently the best choice for use in CRISPR/Cas9 delivery vectors owing to their tunability, biocompatibility, and efficiency. As research on biomaterial vectors continues to progress, hope for the application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system for clinical oncology therapy builds. In this review, we first detail the CRISPR/Cas9 system and its potential applications in tumor therapy. Then, we introduce the different delivery forms and compare the physical, viral, and non-viral vectors. In addition, we analyze the characteristics of different types of biomaterial vectors. We further review recent research progress in the use of biomaterials as vectors for CRISPR/Cas9 delivery to treat specific tumors. Finally, we summarize the shortcomings and prospects of biomaterial-based CRISPR/Cas9 delivery systems.

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