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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1277146, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841660

RESUMO

Objectives: A number of high school art students experience negative emotions during their preparation for the art college entrance examination, characterized by worries and fear of uncertainty. Therefore, how individual difference factors, such as intolerance of uncertainty, affect the negative emotions of students needs to be examined. Inspired by the integrative model of uncertainty tolerance, the current study seeks to explain the association between intolerance of uncertainty and negative emotions by testing the potential mediating role of psychological capital and the moderating role of family functioning. Patients and methods: A total of 919 Chinese high school art students (Mage = 18.50 years, range = 16-22) participated from November 2022 to December 2022. Convenience sampling strategies were used. The participants were asked to complete the measures of intolerance of uncertainty scale, psychological capital questionnaire, depression anxiety stress scale, and family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scale. The data were analyzed using Pearson's r correlations and moderated mediation analysis. Results: Results showed that intolerance of uncertainty was positively associated with negative emotions but negatively associated with psychological capital, which in turn, was negatively associated with negative emotions. Psychological capital mediated the indirect link of intolerance of uncertainty with negative emotions. Family functioning buffered the impact of psychological capital on negative emotions. Conclusion: This study can enhance our understanding of the intolerance of uncertainty on negative emotions and provide insights on interventions for high school art students' negative emotions for educators. The interventions targeting intolerance of uncertainty, psychological capital and family functioning may be beneficial in reducing the effect of intolerance of uncertainty on negative emotions faced by high school art students.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Emoções , Estudantes , Humanos , Incerteza , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , China , Análise de Mediação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Instituições Acadêmicas
2.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858322

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lymph node status is a determinant of survival in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. However, the relationship between obesity and lymph node status remains unclear. Therefore, this systematic review aims to evaluate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and lymph node metastasis in cervical cancer. METHODS: Cohort studies through six databases were reviewed until December 2021. Odds ratios (ORs) for lymphatic metastasis were estimated using random-effects models and network meta-analysis. BMI groups for lymph node metastasis were ranked. Heterogeneities were assessed using I2. Subgroup analyses were performed to determine possible sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between obese (BMI ≥ 25) and non-obese patients (BMI < 25) (OR = 1.01; 95% CI 0.69-1.47; P = 0.97). In subgroup analyses, obesity was associated with higher risk among the Americans and advanced-stage patients. The grouping analysis based on BMI and the rankogram values revealed that the '35 ≤ BMI' group had the highest risk of lymph node metastasis. CONCLUSION: Although there were no significant differences in lymph node metastasis between obese and non-obese cervical cancer patients in overall analysis, patients with BMI ≥ 35 were at significantly higher risk of lymph node metastasis.

3.
EFORT Open Rev ; 9(6): 467-478, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828967

RESUMO

Purpose: This study sought to determine if the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in preexisting thromboembolic risk patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) was linked to an increased risk of death or postoperative complications. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search for studies up to May 2023 in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. We included randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies examining the use of TXA during TJA surgeries on high-risk patients. The Cochrane Risk of Bias instrument was used to gauge the excellence of RCTs, while the MINORS index was implemented to evaluate cohort studies. We used mean difference (MD) and relative risk (RR) as effect size indices for continuous and binary data, respectively, along with 95% CIs. Results: Our comprehensive study, incorporating data from 11 diverse studies involving 812 993 patients, conducted a meta-analysis demonstrating significant positive outcomes associated with TXA administration. The findings revealed substantial reductions in critical parameters, including overall blood loss (MD = -237.33; 95% CI (-425.44, -49.23)), transfusion rates (RR = 0.45; 95% CI (0.34, 0.60)), and 90-day unplanned readmission rates (RR = 0.86; 95% CI (0.76, 0.97)). Moreover, TXA administration exhibited a protective effect against adverse events, showing decreased risks of pulmonary embolism (RR = 0.73; 95% CI (0.61, 0.87)), myocardial infarction (RR = 0.47; 95% CI (0.40-0.56)), and stroke (RR = 0.73; 95% CI (0.59-0.90)). Importantly, no increased risk was observed for mortality (RR = 0.53; 95% CI (0.24, 1.13)), deep vein thrombosis (RR = 0.69; 95% CI (0.44, 1.09)), or any of the evaluated complications associated with TXA use. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the use of TXA in TJA patients with preexisting thromboembolic risk does not exacerbate complications, including reducing mortality, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. Existing evidence strongly supports the potential benefits of TXA in TJA patients with thromboembolic risk, including lowering blood loss, transfusion, and readmission rates.

4.
RSC Adv ; 14(23): 16194-16206, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769952

RESUMO

The rapid emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria pose a serious challenge to human life and health, necessitating the development of novel antibacterial agents. Herein, to address this challenge, three iridium-based antibacterial agents were prepared and their antimicrobial activity were explored. Importantly, the three complexes all showed robust potency against S. aureus with MIC values in the range of 1.9-7.9 µg mL-1. Notably, the most active complex Ir3 also exhibited relative stability in mammalian fluids and a significant antibacterial effect on clinically isolated drug-resistant bacteria. Mechanism studies further demonstrated that the complex Ir3 can kill S. aureus by disrupting the integrity of the bacterial membrane and inducing ROS production. This multi-target advantage allows Ir3 to not only effectively combat bacterial resistance but also efficiently clear the bacterial biofilm. In addition, when used together, complex Ir3 could enhance the antibacterial potency of some clinical antibiotics against S. aureus. Moreover, both G. mellonella wax worms and mouse infection model demonstrated that Ir3 has low toxicity and robust anti-infective efficacy in vivo. Overall, complex Ir3 can serve as a new antibacterial agent for combating Gram-positive bacterial infections.

5.
J Environ Radioact ; 276: 107448, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749215

RESUMO

Among environment contaminants, 210Pb and 210Po have gained significant research attention due to their radioactive toxicity. Moss, with its exceptional adsorption capability for these radionuclides, serves as an indicator for environmental 210Pb and 210Po pollution. The paper reviews a total of 138 articles, summarizing the common methods and analytical results of 210Pb and 210Po research in moss. It elucidates the accumulation characteristics of 210Pb and 210Po in moss, discusses current research challenges, potential solutions, and future prospects in this field. Existing literature indicates limitations in common measurement techniques for 210Pb and 210Po in moss, characterized by high detection limits or lengthy sample processing. The concentration of 210Pb and 210Po within moss display substantial variations across different regions worldwide, ranging from

Assuntos
Briófitas , Radioisótopos de Chumbo , Polônio , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radioisótopos de Chumbo/análise , Polônio/análise , Briófitas/química , Monitoramento de Radiação/métodos
6.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(5): 27, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758638

RESUMO

Purpose: To demonstrate the first near-infrared adaptive optics fluorescence lifetime imaging ophthalmoscopy (NIR-AOFLIO) measurements in vivo of the human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cellular mosaic and to visualize lifetime changes at different retinal eccentricities. Methods: NIR reflectance and autofluorescence were captured using a custom adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscope in 10 healthy subjects (23-64 years old) at seven eccentricities and in two eyes with retinal abnormalities. Repeatability was assessed across two visits up to 8 weeks apart. Endogenous retinal fluorophores and hydrophobic whole retinal extracts of Abca4-/- pigmented and albino mice were imaged to probe the fluorescence origin of NIR-AOFLIO. Results: The RPE mosaic was resolved at all locations in five of seven younger subjects (<35 years old). The mean lifetime across near-peripheral regions (8° and 12°) was longer compared to near-foveal regions (0° and 2°). Repeatability across two visits showed moderate to excellent correlation (intraclass correlation: 0.88 [τm], 0.75 [τ1], 0.65 [τ2], 0.98 [a1]). The mean lifetime across drusen-containing eyes was longer than in age-matched healthy eyes. Fluorescence was observed in only the extracts from pigmented Abca4-/- mouse. Conclusions: NIR-AOFLIO was repeatable and allowed visualization of the RPE cellular mosaic. An observed signal in only the pigmented mouse extract infers the fluorescence signal originates predominantly from melanin. Variations observed across the retina with intermediate age-related macular degeneration suggest NIR-AOFLIO may act as a functional measure of a biomarker for in vivo monitoring of early alterations in retinal health.


Assuntos
Oftalmoscopia , Imagem Óptica , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina , Humanos , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo , Oftalmoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Raios Infravermelhos , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(22): 28905-28916, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773780

RESUMO

The two-step sequential deposition strategy has been widely recognized in promoting the research and application of perovskite solar cells, but the rapid reaction of organic salts with lead iodide inevitably affects the growth of perovskite crystals, accompanied by the generation of more defects. In this study, the regulation of crystal growth was achieved in a two-step deposition method by mixing 1-naphthylmethylammonium bromide (NMABr) with organic salts. The results show that the addition of NMABr effectively delays the aggregation and crystallization behavior of organic salts; thereby, the growth of the optimal crystal (001) orientation of perovskite is promoted. Based on this phenomenon of delaying the crystallization process of perovskite, the "slow-release effect assisted crystallization" is defined. Moreover, the incorporation of the Br element expands the band gap of perovskite and mitigates material defects as nonradiative recombination centers. Consequently, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the enhanced perovskite solar cells (PSCs) reaches 20.20%. It is noteworthy that the hydrophobic nature of the naphthalene moiety in NMABr can enhance the humidity resistance of PSCs, and the perovskite phase does not decompose for more than 3000 h (30-40% RH), enabling it to retain 90% of its initial efficiency even after exposure to a nitrogen environment for 1200 h.

8.
Small ; : e2311650, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764187

RESUMO

Current lithium-ion batteries cannot meet the requirement of higher energy density with further large-scale application of electrical vehicles. Lithium metal batteries combined with Ni-rich layered oxides cathode are expected as the one of promising solutions, while the poor electrode and electrolyte interface impedes the commercial development of lithium metal batteries. A new double-salts super concentrated (DSSC) carbonate electrolyte is proposed to improve the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.90Co0.05Mn0.05O2 (NCM9055)||Li metal battery which exhibits stable cycling performance with the capacity retention of 93.04% and reversible capacity of 173.8 mAh g-1 after 100 cycles at 1 C, while cells with conventional 1 m diluted electrolyte remains only 60.55% and capacity of 114.2 mAh g-1. The double salts synergistic effect in super concentrated electrolyte promotes the formation for more balanced stable cathode electrolyte interface (CEI) inorganic compounds of CFx, LiNOx, SOF2, Li2SO4, and less LiF by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) test, and the uniform 2-3 nm rock-salt phase protection layer on the cathode surface by transmission electron microscope (TEM) characterization, improving the cycling performance of the Ni-rich NCM9055 layered oxide cathode. The DSSC electrolyte also can relief the Li dendrite growth on Li metal anode, as well as exhibit better flame retardance, promoting the application of more safety Ni-rich NCM9055||Li metal batteries.

9.
Org Lett ; 26(19): 4132-4136, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717283

RESUMO

In this report, we present the dual activation models for transient directing group-directed and amino-self-directed Pd-catalyzed α-aminophosphonate side-chain C(sp3)-H arylation. Both strategies showed facile, efficient, and single regioselectivity in the reaction between free α-aminophosphonates and aryl iodides. Furthermore, the modification of amino and late-stage functionalization of the C(sp3)-P bond from products indicates potential applications for α-aminophosphonates.

10.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0304398, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive surgery for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is impeded by inadequate lysis of the target blood clot. Ultrasound is thought to expedite intravascular thrombolysis, thereby facilitating vascular recanalization. However, the impact of ultrasound on intracerebral blood clot lysis remains uncertain. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of combining ultrasound with urokinase to enhance blood clot lysis in an in vitro model of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: The blood clots were divided into four groups: control group, ultrasound group, urokinase group, and ultrasound + urokinase group. Using our experimental setup, which included a key-shaped bone window, we simulated a minimally invasive puncture and drainage procedure for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. The blood clot was then irradiated using ultrasound. Blood clot lysis was assessed by weighing the blood clot before and after the experiment. Potential adverse effects were evaluated by measuring the temperature variation around the blood clot in the ultrasound + urokinase group. RESULTS: A total of 40 blood clots were observed, with 10 in each experimental group. The blood clot lysis rate in the ultrasound group, urokinase group, and ultrasound + urokinase group (24.83 ± 4.67%, 47.85 ± 7.09%, 61.13 ± 4.06%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (16.11 ± 3.42%) (p = 0.02, p < 0.001, p < 0.001). The blood clot lysis rate in the ultrasound + urokinase group (61.13 ± 4.06%) was significantly higher than that in the ultrasound group (24.83 ± 4.67%) (p < 0.001) or urokinase group (47.85 ± 7.09%) (p < 0.001). In the ultrasound + urokinase group, the mean increase in temperature around the blood clot was 0.26 ± 0.15°C, with a maximum increase of 0.38 ± 0.09°C. There was no significant difference in the increase in temperature regarding the main effect of time interval (F = 0.705, p = 0.620), the main effect of distance (F = 0.788, p = 0.563), or the multiplication interaction between time interval and distance (F = 1.100, p = 0.342). CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence supporting the enhancement of blood clot lysis in an in vitro model of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage through the combined use of ultrasound and urokinase. Further animal experiments are necessary to validate the experimental methods and results.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/farmacologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Humanos , Trombose , Animais , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Fitoterapia ; 176: 106006, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744386

RESUMO

Yinyanghuo, a famous herb, includes the folium of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim. and Epimedium sagittatum Maxim. It is believed that their processed products, the prepared slices of the folium of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim. (PFEB) and Epimedium sagittatum Maxim. (PFES) have greater efficacy in tonifying kidney Yang to treat kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome (KDS). However, there are few studies comparing the pharmacological effects of PFEB and PFES, and the underlying mechanisms. This study compared their effects on improving hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, immune system and sexual characteristic, as well as repairing liver injury complications in the KDS model mice. Additionally, the mechanisms of the effects relevance to their main components were explored. It was found that PFEB was more effective than PFES in increasing cAMP/cGMP ratio, SOD activity, CRH and ACTH levels, eNOS and testosterone levels, splenic lymphocytes proliferation, while in decreasing MDA content, atrophy of spleen and thymus, splenic lymphocytes apoptosis, and PDE5 level. PFES showed stronger protection than PFEB in decreasing triglyceride and hepatic lipid. The contents of baohuoside I and epimedin A, B were much higher in PFEB, while Epimedin C, Icariin, 2-O″-rhamnosylicaridide II were higher in PFES. Consequently, PFEB exhibits superior efficacy over PFES in tonifying the kidney-Yang by improving the neuroendocrine-immune network, including HPA axis, immune systems, and corpus cavernosum. However, PFES has better recovery effect on mild hepatic lipid caused by KDS. The efficacy difference between PFEB and PFES in kidney-Yang and liver may be attributed to the content variations of baohuoside I.


Assuntos
Epimedium , Deficiência da Energia Yang , Animais , Epimedium/química , Camundongos , Deficiência da Energia Yang/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 271(Pt 2): 132481, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763233

RESUMO

A burgeoning interest has recently focused on the development of nanomedicine to integrate noninvasive photothermal therapy (PTT) and chemodynamic therapy (CDT) for synergistic tumor treatments, owing to PTT's amplification effect on CDT. However, challenges emerge as hyperthermia often induces an unwarranted overexpression of cytoprotective heat shock proteins (HSPs), thereby curtailing PTT efficacy. Additionally, the nearly neutral tumor intracellular pH (pHi ≈ 7.2) that handicaps the Fenton reaction poses a leading limitation to CDT. Addressing these hurdles, we introduce EVP, a nanomedicine developed through the straightforward assembly of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), vanadium sulfate (VOSO4), and Pluronic F-127 (PF127). EVP comprehensively downregulates overexpressed HSPs (HSP 60, 70, 90) through the collaborative action of EGCG and vanadyl (VO2+). Moreover, the tumor intracellular pH-processed Fenton-like reaction by VO2+ ensures highly efficient hydroxyl radicals (OH) production in cytosols, overcoming the stringent acidity requirement for CDT. Additionally, the hyperthermia induced by PTT augments OH production, further enhancing CDT efficacy. In vitro and in vivo experiments validate EVP's excellent biocompatibility and potent tumor inhibition, highlighting its substantial potential in tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Catequina , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Nanomedicina , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/química , Catequina/farmacologia , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanomedicina/métodos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Terapia Fototérmica/métodos , Vanádio/química , Vanádio/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/patologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
14.
3D Print Addit Manuf ; 11(2): e751-e763, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694835

RESUMO

Binder jetting (3DP) is a kind of additive manufacturing at room temperature and atmospheric environment, which can reduce the risk of magnesium alloy forming. Magnesium alloy powder is bonded to a certain structure by a binder, so the appropriate binder is very important in 3DP. In this study, according to the characteristics of magnesium alloy, a simple and easy-to-obtain water-based low-molecular alcohol binder was used to reduce the difficulty of magnesium alloy 3DP. Additionally, we use COMSOL Multiphysics simulation software to establish a simulation model of the movement and deposition process of the binder. The results show that the increase in jet velocity will increase the quality and saturation of droplets. More importantly, the larger the jet velocity is, the larger the spreading width of the binder droplet after impacting the powder bed, which seriously affects the dimensional accuracy of the green part. In addition, lower binder saturation will weaken the formation of interparticle bonding neck and cannot form a stable structure. Furthermore, we analyzed the bond reactants of the binder and magnesium alloy powder, which eventually decompose into MgO, and the experimental results show that the final sintered sample has considerable performance.

15.
ACS Omega ; 9(17): 18854-18861, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708241

RESUMO

The use of submerged orifices for bubble generation is ubiquitous in industries with wettability known to influence the bubble departure diameter. In this study, we investigated bubble generation and departure from the orifices (0.3-2 mm) drilled on hydrophobic perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) tubes in water. By varying the gas inflow rate (33 to 200 mL/min), we found that the Sauter mean diameter closely matched those generated by hydrophilic quartz orifices. However, monodispersed bubbles were formed on the PFA tube compared to those on quartz with much wider size distributions. By examining the dynamic bubbling process, we confirmed its agreement with Tate's law, which was originally developed for quasi-steady conditions and emphasizes a balance between capillary and buoyancy forces. However, it should be noted that dynamic conditions lead to an increase in bubble volume compared to the quasi-steady condition despite following the same principle, which is explained by the continuous gas inflow when the bubble departs from the orifice at a necking stage. The above understandings enable generation of monodispersed bubbles under dynamic conditions, benefiting industries requiring precise control on bubble size, such as the bubble assisted wet etching and cleaning processes in semiconductor fabrication.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1396656, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720777

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is a leading cause of cardiovascular mortality and is increasingly prevalent in our population. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) can safely and effectively lower glucose levels while concurrently managing the full spectrum of ASCVD risk factors and improving patients' long-term prognosis. Several cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) have been carried out to further investigate the cardiovascular benefits of GLP-1RAs. Analyzing data from CVOTs can provide insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms by which GLP-1RAs are linked to ASCVD and define the use of GLP-1RAs in clinical practice. Here, we discussed various mechanisms hypothesized in previous animal and preclinical human studies, including blockade of the production of adhesion molecules and inflammatory factors, induction of endothelial cells' synthesis of nitric oxide, protection of mitochondrial function and restriction of oxidative stress, suppression of NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein three inflammasome, reduction of foam cell formation and macrophage inflammation, and amelioration of vascular smooth muscle cell dysfunction, to help explain the cardiovascular benefits of GLP-1RAs in CVOTs. This paper provides an overview of the clinical research, molecular processes, and possible therapeutic applications of GLP-1RAs in ASCVD, while also addressing current limitations in the literature and suggesting future research directions.

17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1725: 464926, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678693

RESUMO

Sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs) have been widely used as antibacterial drugs for the prevention and treatment of livestock and poultry diseases, but they seriously threaten human health because they can accumulate in humans. Therefore, it is highly important to develop methods for monitoring sulfonamide residues in aquaculture and food. In this research, based on the generation of porous carbon (PC) by the pyrolysis of sodium citrate, magnetic porous carbon (PC@Fe3O4) was synthesized by a solvothermal method and used as an adsorbent for the magnetic solid-phase extraction of SAs. The effects of the proportion of PC in PC@Fe3O4, adsorbent dosage, adsorption time, eluent type, extraction pH, salt concentration and eluent dosage on the extraction efficiency were systematically studied. The adsorption performance and behavior of PC@Fe3O4 on SAs were evaluated using adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms, and the adsorption mechanism was preliminarily discussed. Under optimal conditions, combined with capillary electrophoresis diode array detection, a sensitive detection method for SAs was developed. The proposed method can be used for the determination of six SAs in fishpond water and milk samples, with a linear range of 0.5-200 ng mL-1, detection limits of 0.24-0.34 ng mL-1, and spiked recoveries of 85.9-109.0 %.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Carbono , Eletroforese Capilar , Limite de Detecção , Leite , Extração em Fase Sólida , Sulfonamidas , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Sulfonamidas/análise , Sulfonamidas/isolamento & purificação , Sulfonamidas/química , Adsorção , Porosidade , Carbono/química , Antibacterianos/análise , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/química , Leite/química , Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
18.
Oncol Res ; 32(5): 933-941, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38686051

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miR)-200b-3p has been associated with many tumors, but its involvement in pituitary adenoma is unclear. This study investigated the molecular mechanism underlying miR-200b-3p regulation in pituitary adenomas to provide a theoretical basis for treatment. Bioinformatics was used to analyze pituitary adenoma-related genes and screen new targets related to RECK and miRNA. As well, the relationship between miR-200b-3p and RECK protein was verified using a double-luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression of miR-200b-3p in clinical samples was analyzed by in situ hybridization. Transfection of the miR-200b-3p inhibitor and small interfering-RECK (si-RECK) was verified by qPCR. GH3 cell viability and proliferation were detected using CCK8 and EdU assays. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and western blotting. Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to detect cell migration and invasion. The effects of miR-200b-3p and RECK on GH3 cells were verified using salvage experiments. miR-200b-3p was highly expressed in pituitary tumor tissue. Inhibitors of miR-200b-3p inhibited cell proliferation promoted cell apoptosis, inhibited invasion and migration, and inhibited the expression of matrix metalloproteinases. Interestingly, miR-200b-3p negatively regulated RECK. The expression of RECK in pituitary adenoma tissues was lower than that in neighboring tissues. Si-RECK rescued the function of miR-200b-3p inhibitors in the above cellular behaviors, and miR-200b-3p accelerated the development of pituitary adenoma by negatively regulating RECK expression. In summary, this study investigated the molecular mechanism by which miR-200b-3p regulates the progression of pituitary adenoma through the negative regulation of RECK. The findings provide a new target for the treatment of pituitary adenoma.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Apoptose , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Adenoma/genética , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/genética , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/metabolismo
19.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 215, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the fluid resuscitation effect of sodium acetate Ringer's solution and sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution on patients with traumatic haemorrhagic shock. METHOD: We conducted a prospective cohort study in our emergency department on a total of 71 patients with traumatic haemorrhagic shock admitted between 1 December 2020 and 28 February 2022. Based on the time of admission, patients were randomly divided into a sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution group and sodium acetate Ringer's solution group, and a limited rehydration resuscitation strategy was adopted in both groups. General data were collected separately, and the patients' vital signs (body temperature, respiration, blood pressure and mean arterial pressure (MAP)), blood gas indices (pH, calculated bicarbonate (cHCO3-), partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) and clearance of lactate (CLac)), shock indices, peripheral platelet counts, prothrombin times and plasma fibrinogen levels were measured and compared before and 1 h after resuscitation. RESULTS: The post-resuscitation heart rate of the sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution group was significantly lower than that of the sodium acetate Ringer's solution group (p < 0.05), and the MAP was also significantly lower (p < 0.05). The patients in the sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution group had significantly higher pH, cHCO3- and PaO2 values and lower pCO2 and CLac values (p < 0.05) than those in the sodium acetate Ringer's solution group, and the post-resuscitation peripheral platelet counts and fibrinogen levels were significantly higher, with shorter plasma prothrombin times and smaller shock indices (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution is beneficial for maintaining MAP at a low level after resuscitation. The use of sodium bicarbonate Ringer's solution in limited fluid resuscitation has positive results and is of high clinical value.


Assuntos
Solução de Ringer , Choque Hemorrágico , Humanos , Fibrinogênio , Hemorragia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Solução de Ringer/uso terapêutico , Choque Hemorrágico/tratamento farmacológico , Acetato de Sódio , Bicarbonato de Sódio
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 176, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609981

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) represent both a key driving force and therapeutic target of tumoral carcinogenesis, tumor evolution, progression, and recurrence. CSC-guided tumor diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance are strategically significant in improving cancer patients' overall survival. Due to the heterogeneity and plasticity of CSCs, high sensitivity, specificity, and outstanding targeting are demanded for CSC detection and targeting. Nanobiotechnologies, including biosensors, nano-probes, contrast enhancers, and drug delivery systems, share identical features required. Implementing these techniques may facilitate the overall performance of CSC detection and targeting. In this review, we focus on some of the most recent advances in how nanobiotechnologies leverage the characteristics of CSC to optimize cancer diagnosis and treatment in liquid biopsy, clinical imaging, and CSC-guided nano-treatment. Specifically, how nanobiotechnologies leverage the attributes of CSC to maximize the detection of circulating tumor DNA, circulating tumor cells, and exosomes, to improve positron emission computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and to enhance the therapeutic effects of cytotoxic therapy, photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy therapy, and radioimmunotherapy are reviewed.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas
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