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1.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; 376: 132970, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406810

RESUMO

The continuous evolution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), with discovery of multiple mutants, has caused widespread panic and concern worldwide. The rapid antigen detection method via a single ligand recognition, although currently implemented in many countries, remains challenging for mutated antigens. Herein, we present a novel strategy using a dual recognition by two types of targeted ligands, based on photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing for detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. To demonstrate this strategy, the specific antibodies are modified onto the photoactive material with a supported nanostructure, created by loading the Pt nanoparticles onto MoS2 nanosheets (Pt/MoS2) to boost photon-to-electricity conversion efficiency. By subsequent binding of the targeted aptamers to the Au polyhedra, which act as a signal amplifier to suppress PEC photocurrent by competing with the Pt/MoS2 for the absorption of excitation light energy, the dual recognition is successfully achieved. The constructed biosensor not only shows satisfactory stability, high sensitivity, and selectivity, but is effective for test of the pseudovirus of SARS-CoV-2. The work provides useful advance for the development of PEC biosensors for sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2.

2.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354445

RESUMO

As an evolutionary success in life science, wearable biosensor systems, which can monitor human health information and quantify vital signs in real time, have been actively studied. Research in wearable biosensor systems is mainly focused on the design of sensors with various flexible materials. Among them, 2D materials with excellent mechanical, optical, and electrical properties provide the expected characteristics to address the challenges of developing microminiaturized wearable biosensor systems. This review summarizes the recent research progresses in 2D-materials-based wearable biosensors including e-skin, contact lens sensors, and others. Then, we highlight the challenges of flexible power supply technologies for smart systems. The latest advances in biosensor systems involving wearable wristbands, diabetic patches, and smart contact lenses are also discussed. This review will enable a better understanding of the design principle of 2D biosensors, offering insights into innovative technologies for future biosensor systems toward their practical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Sinais Vitais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica
3.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1039884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338041

RESUMO

The intestinal flora maintained by the immune system plays an important role in healthy colon. However, the role of ILC3s-TD IgA-colonic mucosal flora axis in ulcerative colitis (UC) and whether it could become an innovative pathway for the treatment of UC is unknown. Yujin Powder is a classic prescription for treatment of dampness-heat type intestine disease in traditional Chinese medicine and has therapeutic effects on UC. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of Yujin Powder alcoholic extracts (YJP-A) on UC via ILC3s-TD IgA-colonic mucosal flora axis. The UC mouse model was induced by drinking 3.5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), meanwhile, YJP-A was given orally for prevention. During the experiment, the clinical symptoms of mice were recorded. Then the intestinal injury and inflammatory response of mice about UC were detected after the experiment. In addition, the relevant indicators of ILC3s-TD IgA-colonic mucosal flora axis were detected. The results showed that YJP-A had good therapy effects on DSS-induced mice UC: improved the symptoms, increased body weight and the length of colon, decreased the disease activity index score, ameliorated the intestinal injury, and reduced the inflammation etc. Also, YJP-A significantly increased the ILC3s proportion and the expression level of MHC II; significantly decreased the proportion of Tfh cells and B cells and the expression levels of Bcl6, IL-4, Aicda in mesenteric lymph nodes of colon in UC mice and IgA in colon. In addition, by 16S rDNA sequencing, YJP-A could restore TD IgA targets colonic mucus flora in UC mice by decreasing the relative abundance of Mucispirillum, Lachnospiraceae and increasing the relative abundance of Allprevotella, Alistipes, and Ruminococcaceae etc. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the ILC3s-TD IgA-colonic mucosal flora axis was disordered in UC mice. YJP-A could significantly promote the proliferation of ILC3s to inhibit Tfh responses and B cells class switching through MHC II, further to limit TD IgA responses toward colonic mucosal flora. Our findings suggested that this axis may be a novel and promising strategy to prevent UC.

4.
Front Surg ; 9: 1025557, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338621

RESUMO

Background: Biochemical processes involved in complex skin diseases (skin cancers, psoriasis, and wound) can be identified by combining proteomics analysis and bioinformatics tools, which gain a next-level insight into their pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapeutic targets. Methods: Articles were identified through a search of PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE references dated to May 2022, to perform system data mining, and a search of the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection was utilized to conduct a visual bibliometric analysis. Results: An increased trend line revealed that the number of publications related to proteomics utilized in skin diseases has sharply increased recent years, reaching a peak in 2021. The hottest fields focused on are skin cancer (melanoma), inflammation skin disorder (psoriasis), and skin wounds. After deduplication and title, abstract, and full-text screening, a total of 486 of the 7,822 outcomes met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for detailed data mining in the field of skin disease tooling with proteomics, with regard to skin cancer. According to the data, cell death, metabolism, skeleton, immune, and inflammation enrichment pathways are likely the major part and hotspots of proteomic analysis found in skin diseases. Also, the focuses of proteomics in skin disease are from superficial presumption to depth mechanism exploration within more comprehensive validation, from basic study to a combination or guideline for clinical applications. Furthermore, we chose skin cancer as a typical example, compared with other skin disorders. In addition to finding key pathogenic proteins and differences between diseases, proteomic analysis is also used for therapeutic evaluation or can further obtain in-depth mechanisms in the field of skin diseases. Conclusion: Proteomics has been regarded as an irreplaceable technology in the study of pathophysiological mechanism and/or therapeutic targets of skin diseases, which could provide candidate key proteins for the insight into the biological information after gene transcription. However, depth pathogenesis and potential clinical applications need further studies with stronger evidence within a wider range of skin diseases.

5.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357220

RESUMO

Tracing the sources of cyber-attacks in Power Industrial Control Systems (PICS) can help the defense systems to block the attacks, and support the decision of the grid control policies. However, there has been no work on the cyber-attack source traceback for PICS, and the methods for the Internet are not suitable for PICS in terms of fineness, real-time performance, and supporting communication protocols. Therefore, a method for tracing cyber-attacks in PICS is proposed. First, the communication network architecture of PICS and the cyber security threats to PICS are analyzed. Then, an extended hybrid tracing method (ExtHT) based on packet marking and packet logging is proposed. This method involves all the devices working at the data link layer and upper layers to achieve more fine-grained attack tracing. At the same time, taking the costs of attack tracing into consideration, a coarse-grained tracing mode is presented to improve the tracing speed. In addition, a log database optimization scheme is provided to reduce storage costs. To facilitate the application of this method in practice, a cyber-attack source tracing system and its deployment architecture are designed for PICS. Further, the applicability and limitations of ExtHT are analyzed, theory ratiocinations are given to justify our ExtHT, and the performance of our ExtHT is compared with that of existing mainstream methods. Finally, two cyber-attack scenarios against PICS are constructed and the feasibility of ExtHT is verified on them.

6.
Inflamm Res ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Paeonia lactiflora Pall has long been recognized as an anti-inflammatory traditional Chinese herbal medicine. We aimed to study the pharmacological action of albiflorin, an active ingredient extracted from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora Pall, on diabetic vascular complications. METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with high glucose and treated with 5, 10, and 20 µM albiflorin. CCK-8 assay, EdU staining, Annexin V-FITC staining, transwell assay, scratch test, RT-PCR, ELISA, Western blot, and immunofluorescence were carried out. SwissTargetPrediction database was used for screening targets of albiflorin and molecular docking was done using Autodock Vina software. RESULTS: Albiflorin treatment dose-dependently alleviated high glucose-induced viability loss of HUVECs. In addition, albiflorin promoted the proliferation and migration, while inhibited apoptosis and the release of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß in HUVECs. PARP1 was predicted and confirmed to be a target for albiflorin in vitro. Albiflorin targeted PARP1 to inhibit the activation of NF-κB. Transfection of HUVECs with PARP1 overexpression plasmids effectively reversed the effects of albiflorin on high glucose-treated HUVECs. CONCLUSIONS: Albiflorin suppressed high glucose-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and inflammation, suggesting its potential in treating diabetic vascular complications. The action of albiflorin possibly caused by its regulation on inhibiting PARP1/NF-κB signaling.

7.
PeerJ ; 10: e14171, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389420

RESUMO

Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic disease, the incidence of which increases annually. Shugan Xiaozhi (SGXZ) decoction, a composite traditional Chinese medicinal prescription, has been demonstrated to exert a therapeutic effect on NAFLD. In this study, the potential bioactive ingredients and mechanism of SGXZ decoction against NAFLD were explored via network pharmacology, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics simulation. Methods: Compounds in SGXZ decoction were identified and collected from the literature, and the corresponding targets were predicted through the Similarity Ensemble Approach database. Potential targets related to NAFLD were searched on DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. The compound-target-disease and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed to recognize key compounds and targets. Functional enrichment analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed on the targets. Molecular docking was used to further screen the potent active compounds in SGXZ. Finally, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was applied to verify and validate the binding between the most potent compound and targets. Results: A total of 31 active compounds and 220 corresponding targets in SGXZ decoction were collected. Moreover, 1,544 targets of NAFLD were obtained, of which 78 targets intersected with the targets of SGXZ decoction. Key compounds and targets were recognized through the compound-target-disease and PPI network. Multiple biological pathways were annotated, including PI3K-Akt, MAPK, insulin resistance, HIF-1, and tryptophan metabolism. Molecular docking showed that gallic acid, chlorogenic acid and isochlorogenic acid A could combine with the key targets. Molecular dynamics simulations suggested that isochlorogenic acid A might potentially bind directly with RELA, IL-6, VEGFA, and MMP9 in the regulation of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion: This study investigated the active substances and key targets of SGXZ decoction in the regulation of multiple-pathways based on network pharmacology and computational approaches, providing a theoretical basis for further pharmacological research into the potential mechanism of SGXZ in NAFLD.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354144

RESUMO

Azafullerenes derived from nitrogen substitution of carbon cage atoms render direct modifications of the cage skeleton, electronic, and physicochemical properties of fullerene. Gas-phase ionized monometallic endohedral azafullerene (MEAF) [La@C81N]+ formed via fragmentation of a La@C82 monoadduct was detected in 1999, but the pristine MEAF has never been synthesized. Here, we report the synthesis, isolation, and characterization of the first pristine MEAF La@C81N, tackling the two-decade challenge. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals that La@C81N has an 82-atom cage with a pseudo C3v(8) symmetry. According to DFT computations, the nitrogen substitution site within the C82 cage is proposed to locate at a hexagon/hexagon/pentagon junction far away from the encapsulated La atom. La@C81N exists in stable monomer form with a closed-shell electronic state, which is drastically different from the open-shell electronic state of the original La@C82. Our breakthrough in synthesizing a new type of azafullerene offers a new insight into the skeletal modification of fullerenes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organotin pollutant tributyltin (TBT) is an environmental endocrine disrupting chemical and is a known obesogen and diabetogen. TBT can be detected in human following consumption of contaminated seafood or water. The decrease in muscle strength and quality has been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes in older adults. However, the adverse effects of TBT on the muscle mass and function still remain unclear. Here, we investigated the effects and molecule mechanisms of low-dose TBT on skeletal muscle regeneration and atrophy/wasting using the cultured skeletal muscle cell and adult mouse models. METHODS: The mouse myoblasts (C2C12) and differentiated myotubes were used to assess the in vitro effects of low-dose tributyltin (0.01-0.5 µM). The in vivo effects of TBT at the doses of 5 and 25 µg/kg/day (n = 6/group), which were five times lower than the established no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and equal to NOAEL, respectively, by oral administration for 4 weeks on muscle wasting and muscle regeneration were evaluated in a mouse model with or without glycerol-induced muscle injury/regeneration. RESULTS: TBT reduced myogenic differentiation in myoblasts (myotube with 6-10 nuclei: 53.9 and 35.8% control for 0.05 and 0.1 µM, respectively, n = 4, P < 0.05). TBT also decreased myotube diameter, upregulated protein expression levels of muscle-specific ubiquitin ligases (Atrogin-1 and MuRF1), myostatin, phosphorylated AMPKα, and phosphorylated NFκB-p65, and downregulated protein expression levels of phosphorylated AKT and phosphorylated FoxO1 in myotubes (0.2 and 0.5 µM, n = 6, P < 0.05). Exposure of TBT in mice elevated body weight, decreased muscle mass, and induced muscular dysfunction (5 and 25 µg/kg, P > 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively, n = 6). TBT inhibited soleus muscle regeneration in mice with glycerol-induced muscle injury (5 and 25 µg/kg, P > 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively, n = 6). TBT upregulated protein expression levels of Atrogin-1, MuRF1, myostatin, and phosphorylated AMPKα and downregulated protein expression level of phosphorylated FoxO1 in the mouse soleus muscles (5 and 25 µg/kg, P > 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively, n = 6). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates for the first time that low-dose TBT significantly inhibits myogenic differentiation and triggers myotube atrophy in a cell model and significantly decreases muscle regeneration and muscle mass and function in a mouse model. These findings suggest that low-dose TBT exposure may be an environmental risk factor for muscle regeneration inhibition, atrophy/wasting, and disease-related myopathy.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2206421, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329676

RESUMO

The development of cold-adapted enzymes with high efficiency and good stability is an advanced strategy to overcome the limitations of catalytic medicine in low and cryogenic temperatures. In this work, inspired by natural enzymes, a novel cold-adapted nanozyme based on a manganese-based nanosized metal-organic framework (nMnBTC) is designed and synthesized. The nMnBTC as an oxidase mimetic not only exhibits excellent activity at 0 °C, but also presents almost no observable activity loss as the temperature is increased to 45 °C. This breaks the traditional recognition that enzymes show maximum activity only under specific psychrophilic or thermophilic condition. The superior performance of nMnBTC as a cold-adapted nanozyme can be attributed to its high-catalytic efficiency at low temperature, good substrate affinity, and flexible conformation. Based on the robust performance of nMnBTC, a low-temperature antiviral strategy is developed to inactivate influenza virus H1N1 even at -20 °C. These results not only provide an important guide for the rational design of highly efficient artificial cold-adapted enzymes, but also pave a novel way for biomedical application in cryogenic fields.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 223(Pt A): 950-960, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375676

RESUMO

Cutaneous wound management remains a major concern due to uncontrolled inflammation and bacterial infection in clinical care. A desirable hydrogel dressing with antibacterial and antioxidative properties can drive wound healing by inhibiting infection and inflammation. Herein, a multifunctional hydrogel based on polylysine-graft-cysteine (EPL-SH)/oxidized dextran (ODex) was fabricated for promoting skin tissue regeneration. The engineered hydrogel possessed versatile properties including tunable gelation time (60-300 s), typical rheological behavior, suitable swelling and degradation progress, injectable and self-healing ability. The unique hydrogels also displayed promising tissue adhesiveness, high cell affinity, excellent antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. Furthermore, the in vivo full-thickness skin defect experiment demonstrated the simple-to-implement injectable hydrogels could significantly promoting wound healing by improving the collagen deposition and angiogenesis. The manufacture of our multifunctional hydrogels dressing affords a new strategy for improving efficacy of cutaneous wound treatment.

12.
Arch Toxicol ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319700

RESUMO

Tributyltin (TBT) is known as an endocrine-disrupting chemical. This study investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of TBT exposure on inducing human articular chondrocyte senescence in vitro at the human-relevant concentrations of 0.01-0.5 µM and mouse articular cartilage aging in vivo at the doses of 5 and 25 µg/kg/day, which were 5 times lower than the established no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) and equal to NOAEL, respectively. TBT significantly increased the senescence-associated ß-galactosidase activity and the protein expression levels of senescence markers p16, p53, and p21 in chondrocytes. TBT induced the protein phosphorylation of both p38 and JNK mitogen-activated protein kinases in which the JNK signaling was a main pathway to be involved in TBT-induced chondrocyte senescence. The phosphorylation of both ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and histone protein H2AX (termed γH2AX) was also significantly increased in TBT-treated chondrocytes. ATM inhibitor significantly inhibited the protein expression levels of γH2AX, phosphorylated p38, phosphorylated JNK, p16, p53, and p21. TBT significantly stimulated the mRNA expression of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)-related factors, including IL-1ß, TGF-ß, TNF-α, ICAM-1, CCL2, and MMP13, and the protein expression of GATA4 and phosphorylated NF-κB-p65 in chondrocytes. Furthermore, TBT by oral gavage for 4 weeks in mice significantly enhanced the articular cartilage aging and abrasion. The protein expression of phosphorylated p38, phosphorylated JNK, GATA4, and phosphorylated NF-κB-p65, and the mRNA expression of SASP-related factors were enhanced in the mouse cartilages. These results suggest that TBT exposure can trigger human chondrocyte senescence in vitro and accelerating mouse articular cartilage aging in vivo.

13.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7192, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418311

RESUMO

Actinide diatomic molecules are ideal models to study elusive actinide multiple bonds, but most of these diatomic molecules have so far only been studied in solid inert gas matrices. Herein, we report a charged U≡N diatomic species captured in fullerene cages and stabilized by the U-fullerene coordination interaction. Two diatomic clusterfullerenes, viz. UN@Cs(6)-C82 and UN@C2(5)-C82, were successfully synthesized and characterized. Crystallographic analysis reveals U-N bond lengths of 1.760(7) and 1.760(20) Å in UN@Cs(6)-C82 and UN@C2(5)-C82. Moreover, U≡N was found to be immobilized and coordinated to the fullerene cages at 100 K but it rotates inside the cage at 273 K. Quantum-chemical calculations show a (UN)2+@(C82)2- electronic structure with formal +5 oxidation state (f1) of U and unambiguously demonstrate the presence of a U≡N bond in the clusterfullerenes. This study constitutes an approach to stabilize fundamentally important actinide multiply bonded species.

14.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 23(1): 504, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying polymorphism clades on phylogenetic trees could help detect punctual mutations that are associated with viral functions. With visualization tools coloring the tree, it is easy to visually find clades where most sequences have the same polymorphism state. However, with the fast accumulation of viral sequences, a computational tool to automate this process is urgently needed. RESULTS: Here, by implementing a branch-and-bound-like search method, we developed an R package named sitePath to identify polymorphism clades automatically. Based on the identified polymorphism clades, fixed and parallel mutations could be inferred. Furthermore, sitePath also integrated visualization tools to generate figures of the calculated results. In an example with the influenza A virus H3N2 dataset, the detected fixed mutations coincide with antigenic shift mutations. The highly specificity and sensitivity of sitePath in finding fixed mutations were achieved for a range of parameters and different phylogenetic tree inference software. CONCLUSIONS: The result suggests that sitePath can identify polymorphism clades per site. The clustering of sequences on a phylogenetic tree can be used to infer fixed and parallel mutations. High-quality figures of the calculated results could also be generated by sitePath.

15.
BMC Urol ; 22(1): 194, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasively urine-based diagnostic modalities for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) were still lacking. We evaluated the diagnostic value of our previously developed urine-based assay (UTC assay) in UTUC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 90 patients with suspected UTUC and 40 donors without UTUC. Voided urine specimens were analyzed by UTC assay and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The performance of UTC assay and FISH was compared among the 60 histologically proven UTUC patients and the 40 donors with benign disease. RESULTS: Of the 60 UTUCs, there were 8 low-grade and 52 high-grade cases. Overall sensitivity for UTC assay and FISH were 85% and 73.3%, respectively (P = 0.116). Specificities for UTC assay and FISH were 92.5% and 95%, respectively (P = ns.). By grade, sensitivities of UTC assay and FISH were 87.5% vs. 37.5% for low-grade (P = 0.119), and 84.6% vs. 78.8% for high- grade UTUC (P = 0.446), respectively. By stage, UTC assay showed significantly higher sensitivity than FISH for detecting non-muscle-invasive UTUC, which were 88.5% vs. 61.5%, respectively (P = 0.025). CONCLUSION: UTC assay has good performance for the non-invasive diagnosis of UTUC. UTC assay may improve the diagnosis and surveillance of low-grade or superficial UTUC.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 223(Pt A): 939-949, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395937

RESUMO

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is one of the most effective approaches for the minimally invasive treatment of early gastrointestinal cancers. Submucosal injections help safely and successfully remove lesions during ESD by elevating the mucosa and separating the submucosal muscle layer. Herein, we report dynamic injectable sodium alginate hydrogels (ISAHs) with shear-thinning for ESD surgery, which were easily fabricated by the sulfhydryl group of GSH-modified sodium alginate (SA-GSH) reacting with the aldehyde group of oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) at room temperature. ISAHs have advantageous self-healing abilities and antioxidant activity. Additionally, according to an in vitro test on porcine colorectal submucosal lifting, the submucosal elevation heights created by ISAHs were 13 % -18 % greater than those created by commercial ESD solutions (0.4 w/v% sodium hyaluronate). These properties and biocompatibility were confirmed in vitro and in vivo experiments. ISAHs will hopefully become a novel submucosal injectable hydrogel to assist ESD surgery.

17.
Chem Sci ; 13(44): 12980-12986, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425487

RESUMO

Synthesis of the first thorium-containing clusterfullerenes, ThC2@C s (6)-C82 and ThC2@C2(5)-C82, is reported. These two novel actinide fullerene compounds were characterized by mass spectrometry, single-crystal X-ray diffraction crystallography, UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. Crystallographic studies reveal that the encapsulated ThC2 clusters in both C s (6)-C82 and C2(5)-C82 feature a novel bonding structure with one thorium metal center connected by a C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C unit, forming an isosceles triangular configuration, which has not been hitherto observed for endohedral fullerenes or for solid phase thorium carbides. Electronic structure calculations assign a formal electronic structure of [Th4+(C2)2-]2+@[C82]2-, with pronounced donation bonding from (C2)2- to Th4+, secondary backbonding from the fullerene to thorium and Th-C double bond character in both compounds. This work presents a new family of endohedral fullerenes, MC2@C2n-2, being unexpected isomers of MC2n , and provides broader understanding of thorium bonding.

18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19924, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402809

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore and impart understanding of bone remodelling in children with intracapsular fractures treated conservatively. Records of children (less than 12 years), who sustained intracapsular fractures and treated conservatively, were retrieved consecutively for the period of March 2011 to February 2016. Data about age, gender, date of injury, dates of admission and discharge, mechanism of trauma, location and pattern of fracture, other mandibular fractures, treatment methods and time of review were recorded and analysed. Image dates of pre- and post-treatments, including date of review, were also recorded. A total of 22 patients complete their follow-up and show bone remodelling process. During their follow-up, all the displaced condylar fragments fused with the ramus stump at the displaced position. Regardless of the type of conservative procedure, both treatments cannot promote the spontaneous fracture reduction in patients with intracapsular condylar fractures. During follow-up, the absorption of the lateral process of the condyle after the closed treatment becomes close to the 'horizontal absorption', until the height (or articular surface) of the lateral condylar process dropped and aligned to the articular surface of the medial process. In children with intracapsular condylar fractures, the fracture fragment of the condyle determines the ramus height of the mandible. Closed treatment cannot restore the fracture fragment. If the height of the fracture fragments dropped remarkably, then open reduction and rigid internal fixation become more suitable.


Assuntos
Côndilo Mandibular , Fraturas Mandibulares , Humanos , Criança , Côndilo Mandibular/cirurgia , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fixação de Fratura
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(91): 12676-12679, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36286391

RESUMO

Four dinuclear osmium complexes have been constructed for antitumor phototherapy. The most potent Os4 has extremely high photothermal conversion capability under irradiation of an 808 nm low-power laser, targets mitochondria in human melanoma cells without nucleus affinity, and acts as an antitumor photothermal therapy agent in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Hipertermia Induzida , Melanoma , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Osmio/farmacologia , Fototerapia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
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