Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.286
Filtrar
1.
Pharm Biol ; 61(1): 337-344, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708218

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Lappaol F (LAF), a natural lignan from Arctium lappa Linné (Asteraceae), inhibits tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism involves the suppression of the Yes-associated protein. However, the specific role of LAF in cell cycle regulation remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study determined the molecular mechanism by which LAF regulates cell cycle progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various colon cancer cell lines (SW480, HCT15, and HCT116) were treated with LAF (25, 50, and 75 µmol/L) for 48 h. The effects of LAF on cell proliferation and cell cycle were determined using sulforhodamine B and flow cytometry assays. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified using quantitative proteomics. Bioinformatic analysis of DEPs was conducted via Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses. Expression levels of DEPs in the cell cycle pathway were analyzed using RT-qPCR and western blotting. RESULTS: LAF suppressed the proliferation of SW480, HCT15, and HCT116 cells (IC50 47.1, 51.4, and 32.8 µmol/L, respectively) and induced cell cycle arrest at the S phase. A total of 6331 proteins were identified and quantified, of which 127 were differentially expressed between the LAF-treated and untreated groups. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses revealed that DEPs mainly participated in the cell cycle. CDKN1C/p57 showed the most significant differential expression, with the highest fold-change (3.155-fold). Knockdown of CDKN1C/p57 attenuated the S phase cell cycle arrest and proliferation inhibition induced by LAF. CONCLUSION: LAF exerts antitumor effects via S phase arrest by activating CDKN1C/p57 in colorectal cancer cells.

2.
Fitoterapia ; 165: 105429, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649761

RESUMO

Two previous unreported fusicoccane diterpenoids macrostines A and B, together with seven known compounds were isolated from an extract of the fungus Periconia macrospinosa WTG-10. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analysis of spectroscopic data, NMR calculations with DP4+, and their absolute configurations were further determined by quantum chemical calculations of ECD spectra or X-crystallography. Macrostines A and B showed no cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity and inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production in LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compound 9 showed moderate activity against Bacillus subtilis.

4.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 21(1): 8, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703171

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: To construct prediction models based on the Bayesian network (BN) learning method for the probability of fertilization failure (including low fertilization rate [LRF] and total fertilization failure [TFF]) in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. A BN model was developed to predict TFF/LFR. The model showed relatively high calibration in external validation, which could facilitate the identification of risk factors for fertilization disorders and improve the efficiency of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The prediction of TFF/LFR is very complex. Although some studies attempted to construct prediction models for TFF/LRF, most of the reported models were based on limited variables and traditional regression-based models, which are unsuitable for analyzing real-world clinical data. Therefore, none of the reported models have been widely used in routine clinical practice. To date, BN modeling analysis is a prominent and increasingly popular machine learning method that is powerful in dealing with dynamic and complex real-world data. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective study was performed with 106,640 fresh embryo IVF/ICSI cycles from 2009 to 2019 in one of China's largest reproductive health centers. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: A total of 106, 640 cycles were included in this study, including 97,102 controls, 4,339 LFR cases, and 5,199 TFF cases. Twenty-four predictors were initially included, including 13 female-related variables, five male-related variables, and six variables related to IVF/ICSI treatment. BN modeling analysis with tenfold cross-validation was performed to construct the predictive model for TFF/LFR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the corresponding area under the curves (AUCs) were used to evaluate the performance of the BN model. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: All twenty-four predictors were first organized into seven hierarchical layers in a theoretical BN model, according to prior knowledge from previous literature and clinical practice. A machine-learning BN model was generated based on real-world clinical data, containing a total of eighteen predictors, of which the infertility type, ART method, and number of retrieved oocytes directly influence the probabilities of LFR/TFF. The prediction accuracy of the BN model was 91.7%. The AUC of the TFF versus control groups was 0.779 (95% CI: 0.766-0.791), with a sensitivity of 71.2% and specificity of 70.1%; the AUC of of TFF versus LFR groups was 0.807 (95% CI: 0.790-0.824), with a sensitivity of 49.0% and specificity of 99.0%. LIMITATIONS, REASON FOR CAUTION: First, our study was based on clinical data from a single center, and the results of this study should be further verified by external data. In addition, some critical data (e.g., the detailed IVF laboratory parameters of the sperm and oocytes used for insemination) were not available in this study, which should be given full consideration when further improving the performance of the BN model. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Based on extensive clinical real-world data, we developed a BN model to predict the probabilities of fertilization failures in ART, which provides new clues for clinical decision-making support for clinicians in formulating personalized treatment plans and further improving ART treatment outcomes. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): Dr. Y. Wang was supported by grants from the Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission (Z191100006619086). We declare that there are no conflicts of interest. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

5.
Orthop Surg ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anteroposterior (AP) radiographs do not necessarily offer the optimal approach to measuring the critical shoulder angle (CSA) due to the malposition of the scapula. Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) may offer some advantages, including the ability to rotate the scapula for position alignment and pre-operative planning for reducing CSA. This study aimed to investigate the accuracy and reliability of CSA measurement in 3D-CT and to determine whether there is an association between CSA and rotator cuff tears (RCTs). METHODS: In this retrospective study we identified 200 patients who received shoulder arthroscopy from 2019 to 2021, including 142 patients (81 females, 61 males) with RCTs and 58 patients (14 females, 44 males) with non-RCTs. For each participant, CSA was measured from standard shoulder AP radiographs and anterior views of 3D-CT of the scapula by two independent assessors. Inter- and intra-observer agreements were assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The relationship between the two measurement methodologies was determined by Spearman's correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman plots. Discriminative capacity was calculated by using receiver operating curve (ROC) analyses in the whole cohort and age sub-groups above and below 45 years. RESULTS: We found perfect inter-observer (ICC >0.96) and intra-observer (ICC >0.97) reliabilities for CSA measurements obtained from the standard AP radiographs and the 3D-CT. There was a strong correlation between the two methods (r = 0.960, P < 0.001). The mean CSA was 31.7° ± 4.2° in the standard AP radiographs and 31.8° ± 4.4° in the 3D-CT (mean difference 0.02°, P = 0.940; bias 0.02°, limits of agreement -2.29° to +2.33°). ROC analysis of the whole cohort showed that the CSA measured in the standard AP radiographs (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.812, P < 0.001) and the 3D-CT (AUC = 0.815, P < 0.001) predicted RCT with high confidence. ROC analysis of patients aged ≥45 years showed that the CSA measured from the standard AP radiographs (AUC = 0.869, P < 0.001) and the 3D-CT (AUC = 0.870, P < 0.001) were very good at predicting RCTs. CONCLUSION: CSA measured from standard AP radiographs and 3D-CT showed high consistency, and the CSA could be accurately and reliably measured using 3D-CT. CSAs measured from standard AP radiographs and 3D-CT could predict RCTs, especially in patients aged ≥45 years.

6.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 16(1)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678597

RESUMO

How to enhance the bioavailability and prolong the residence time of drugs in the eye present the major barriers to traditional eye delivery. Nanotechnology has been widely used in ocular drug delivery systems because of its advantages of minimizing adverse reactions, decreasing the frequency of administration, prolonging the release time, and improving the bioavailability of the drug in the eye. As natural product-based nanostructured systems, bioinspired nanostructured systems have presented as less toxic, easy to prepare, and cost-effective and have potential application value in the field of nanotechnology. A systematic classification of bioinspired nanostructured systems based on their inspiration source and formulation and their brief applications in disease are presented here. A review of recent research progress of the bioinspired nanostructured systems for the treatment of the anterior and posterior segment of ocular disorders is then presented in detail. Finally, current challenges and future directions with regard to manufacturing bioinspired nanomaterials are provided.

7.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 13(1): 370-383, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620155

RESUMO

Background: Respiratory motions may cause artifacts on positron emission tomography (PET) images that degrade image quality and quantification accuracy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a respiratory motion-corrected image reconstruction (MCIR) algorithm on image quality and tumor quantification compared with nongated/nonmotion-corrected reconstruction. Methods: We used a phantom consisting of 5 motion spheres immersed in a chamber driven by a motor. The spheres and the background chamber were filled with 18F solution at a sphere-to-background ratio of 5:1. We enrolled 42 and 16 patients undergoing 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose {2-[18F]FDG} and 68Ga-labeled [1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid]-1-Nal3-octreotide {[68Ga]Ga-DOTA-NOC} PET/computed tomography (CT) from whom 74 and 30 lesions were segmented, respectively. Three reconstructions were performed: data-driven gating-based motion correction (DDGMC), external vital signal module-based motion correction (VSMMC), and noncorrection reconstruction. The standardized uptake values (SUVs) and the volume of the spheres and the lesions were measured and compared among the 3 reconstruction groups. The image noise in the liver was measured, and the visual image quality of motion artifacts was scored by radiologists in the patient study. Results: In the phantom study, the spheres' SUVs increased by 26-36%, and the volumes decreased by 35-38% in DDGMC and VSMMC compared with the noncorrection group. In the 2-[18F]FDG PET patient study, the lesions' SUVs had a median increase of 10.87-12.65% while the volumes had a median decrease of 14.88-15.18% in DDGMC and VSMMC compared with those of noncorrection. In the [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-NOC PET patient study, the lesions' SUVs increased by 14.23-15.45%, and the volumes decreased by 19.11-20.94% in DDGMC and VSMMC. The image noise in the liver was equal between the DDGMC, VSMMC, and noncorrection groups. Radiologists found improved image quality in more than 45% of the cases in DDGMC and VSMMC compared with the noncorrection group. There was no statistically significant difference in SUVs, volumes, or visual image quality scores between DDGMC and VSMMC. Conclusions: MCIR improves tumor quantification accuracy and visual image quality by reducing respiratory motion artifacts without compromised image noise performance or elongated acquisition time in 2-[18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-NOC PET/CT tumor imaging. The performance of DDG-driven MCIR is as good as that of the external device-driven solution.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(8): 1070-1073, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617876

RESUMO

The anhydrous proton conductivity of Im@IEF-11 resulting from the integration of imidazole and porous IEF-11 has been investigated, and the highest proton conductive value can reach up to 7.64 × 10-2 S cm-1. Furthermore, IEF-11 is also developed to reduce CO2 due to its reasonable structure and suitable energy band, and its CO formation rate is 31.86 µmol g-1 h-1.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porosidade , Prótons , Titânio , Imidazóis
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(2): e2205199120, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598941

RESUMO

Assembly of protein complexes is facilitated by assembly chaperones. Alpha and gamma adaptin-binding protein (AAGAB) is a chaperone governing the assembly of the heterotetrameric adaptor complexes 1 and 2 (AP1 and AP2) involved in clathrin-mediated membrane trafficking. Here, we found that before AP1/2 binding, AAGAB exists as a homodimer. AAGAB dimerization is mediated by its C-terminal domain (CTD), which is critical for AAGAB stability and is missing in mutant proteins found in patients with the skin disease punctate palmoplantar keratoderma type 1 (PPKP1). We solved the crystal structure of the dimerization-mediating CTD, revealing an antiparallel dimer of bent helices. Interestingly, AAGAB uses the same CTD to recognize and stabilize the γ subunit in the AP1 complex and the α subunit in the AP2 complex, forming binary complexes containing only one copy of AAGAB. These findings demonstrate a dual role of CTD in stabilizing resting AAGAB and binding to substrates, providing a molecular explanation for disease-causing AAGAB mutations. The oligomerization state transition mechanism may also underlie the functions of other assembly chaperones.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar , Humanos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Clatrina/metabolismo , Complexo 2 de Proteínas Adaptadoras/genética , Complexo 2 de Proteínas Adaptadoras/metabolismo
10.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611100

RESUMO

Sargassum hemiphyllum and Sargassum fusiforme are important benthic seaweeds that grow along the southeastern coast of China. The content of carotenoids in each population was detected by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC). The research results will enrich the theoretical basis and data support concerning the influencing factors of carotenoids in Sargassum. The inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) technique was used to study the genetic diversity of four S. hemiphyllum and two S. fusiforme populations, and the results provide a reference for the artificial cultivation of Sargassum. The total carotenoid content of Sargassum ranged from 161.79 ± 4.22 to 269.47 ± 6.15 µg/g. Among the carotenoids, ß-carotene and fucoxanthin accounted for 80%, and levels in S. hemiphyllum were generally higher than those in S. fusiforme. The carotenoid contents of S. hemiphyllum from different areas were significantly different (P < 0.05), and the total carotenoids content decreased toward the southern region. The average heterozygosity H ranged from 0.29 to 0.49, and the Shannon diversity index I ranged from 0.44 to 0.69. The polymorphic loci, genetic diversity, and other indicators of S. hemiphyllum populations were higher than those of S. fusiforme, and the diversity of cultivated populations was not significantly lower. The results showed that the genetic variation of Sargassum is limited, and thus, more sexual reproduction can be attempted in breeding. Considering morphological indicators, genetic diversity indexes, and carotenoid content, S. hemiphyllum appears to have a higher commercial development value.

11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 644: 1-7, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621147

RESUMO

Pan-T cell targeting by CD3-based T cell engagers has brought program-shift treatment and management of blood tumors. However, these modalities have been shown to provoke all types of T cells leading to cytokine storm syndrome, and activate Treg cells. Thus, modulating and potentiating the antitumor responses of a specific T cell subset was encouraged. We initially found that high purity of mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells could be expanded by the combination of plate-immobilized Vα7.2 mAb (Clone 3C10) and IL2 plus IL15. Then, we generated a novel anti-Vα7.2 TCR bsAb, Vα7.2 x PD-L1, to invoke the anti-tumor potency of these expanded MAIT cells. Furthermore, our data have demonstrated that Vα7.2 x PD-L1 could mediate the cell-to-cell conjunction between MAIT cell and tumor cell line, selectively elicit the activation, cytokine production, degranulation, and cytotoxicity of the expanded MAIT cells in the presence of target cell only. Collectively, this proof-of-concept study provides a new tool to explore the clinical potential of MAIT cells in fighting against PD-L1 positive solid tumors and suggests additional encouragement in designing novel T cell engagers targeting TCR alpha chain specific innate-like T cells subsets, other than pan CD3+ T cells.

12.
J Mater Chem B ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655431

RESUMO

A novel long-lasting chemiluminescent (CL) hydrogel (ß-CD@luminol-Co2+) was synthesized by embedding luminol and cobalt ions (Co2+) into ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) through non-covalent interactions. Due to its porous structure and viscosity, the synthesized ß-CD@luminol-Co2+ hydrogel exhibited long-lasting CL properties and can emit light for 12 h under both alkaline and neutral conditions. In addition, the CL intensities of ß-CD@luminol-Co2+ were linear with the logarithm of the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration in the range of 1.0 × 10-11-1.0 × 10-7 M, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.63 × 10-11 M and 0.85 × 10-11 M under alkaline and neutral conditions, respectively. On this basis, an enzyme-free CL sensor based on ß-CD@luminol-Co2+ was fabricated for the sensitive detection of H2O2 in human urine samples under alkaline conditions, and showed good accuracy and recovery. Since ß-CD@luminol-Co2+ showed good CL properties under neutral conditions, it can be applied to detect H2O2 in cells. In order to prolong the emission wavelength of ß-CD@luminol-Co2+ for better cell imaging, ß-CD@luminol-FL-Co2+ was prepared by adding fluorescein (FL) to ß-CD@luminol-Co2+. The as-prepared ß-CD@luminol-FL-Co2+ also displayed long-lasting CL properties and showed a linear relationship with H2O2 concentrations. In addition, the maximum emission wavelength of ß-CD@luminol-FL-Co2+ was 520 nm, which was red-shifted by 95 nm compared with ß-CD@luminol-Co2+. The methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay results and confocal microscopy images illustrated that ß-CD@luminol-FL-Co2+ had low toxicity and can be taken up by A549 cells. Finally, ß-CD@luminol-FL-Co2+ was successfully applied for CL imaging and detection of intracellular H2O2 in A549 cells under neutral conditions. This enzyme-free long-lasting CL system with high sensitivity can also be extended to real-time monitoring of H2O2in vivo.

13.
Pain Ther ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652140

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative impaired sleep quality and pain are associated with adverse outcomes. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) has shown promising results in enhancing sleep quality and alleviating neuropathic pain. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ultrasound-guided SGB on postoperative sleep quality and pain in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This study is a parallel-group randomized controlled clinical trial with two groups: SGB and control. Fifty female patients undergoing breast cancer surgery were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive preoperative ultrasound-guided single-injection SGB (SGB group) or just an ultrasound scan (control group). All participants were blinded to the group assignment. The primary outcome was postoperative sleep quality, assessed by the St. Mary's Hospital Sleep Questionnaire and actigraphy 2 days postoperatively. The secondary outcome was postoperative pain, measured by the visual analog scale. RESULTS: A total of 48 patients completed the study, with 23 patients in the control group and 25 in the SGB group. The postoperative St. Mary's Hospital Sleep Questionnaire scores were significantly higher in the SGB group than in the control group on 1 day postoperative (30.88 ± 2.44 versus 27.35 ± 4.12 points, P = 0.001). The SGB also increased the total sleep time and sleep efficiency (main actigraphy indicators) during the first two postoperative nights. Compared with the control group, preoperative SGB reduced postoperative pain and the incidence of breast cancer-related lymphedema (20% versus 52.2%, P = 0.02, odds ratio 0.229, 95% confidence interval 0.064-0.821). There were no adverse events related to SGB. CONCLUSION: Preoperative ultrasound-guided SGB improves postoperative sleep quality and analgesia in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. SGB may be a safe and practical treatment to enhance the postoperative quality of life in patients with breast cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100046620, principal investigator: Kai Zeng, date of registration: 23 May 2021).

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629889

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to develop a machine learning model to identify important clinical features related to rotator cuff tears (RCTs) using explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) for efficiently predicting outpatients with RCTs. METHODS: A retrospective review of a local clinical registry dataset was performed to include patients with shoulder pain and dysfunction who underwent questionnaires and physical examinations between 2019 and 2022. RCTs were diagnosed by shoulder arthroscopy. Six machine-learning algorithms (Stacking, Gradient Boosting Machine, Bagging, Random Forest, Extreme Gradient Boost (XGBoost), and Adaptive Boosting) were developed for the prediction. The performance of the models was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), Brier scores, and Decision curve. The interpretability of the predicted outcomes was evaluated using Shapley additive explanation (SHAP) values. RESULTS: A total of 1684 patients who completed questionnaires and clinical tests were included, and 417 patients with RCTs underwent shoulder arthroscopy. In six machining learning algorithms for predicting RCTs, the accuracy, AUC values, and Brier scores were in the range of 0.81-0.86, 0.75-0.92, and 0.15-0.19, respectively. The XGBoost model showed superior performance with accuracy, AUC, and Brier scores of 0.85(95% confidence interval, 0.82-0.87), 0.92 (95% confidence interval,0.90-0.94), and 0.15 (95% confidence interval,0.14-0.16), respectively. The Shapley plot showed the impact of the clinical features on predicting RCTs. The most important variables were Jobe test, Bear hug test, and age for prediction, with mean SHAP values of 1.458, 0.950, and 0.790, respectively. CONCLUSION: The machine learning model successfully identified important clinical variables for predicting patients with RCTs. In addition, the best algorithm was also integrated into a digital application to provide predictions in outpatient settings. This tool may assist patients in reducing their pain experience and providing prompt treatments. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

15.
Plant Signal Behav ; 18(1): 2163346, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634685

RESUMO

Sound vibration, an external mechanical force, has been proven to modulate plant growth and development like rain, wind, and vibration. However, the role of sound on plants, especially on signal response, has been usually neglected in research. Herein, we investigated the growth state, gene expression, and signal response in duckweed treated with soft music. The protein content in duckweed after music treatment for 7 days was about 1.6 times that in duckweed without music treatment. Additionally, the potential maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) ratio in duckweed treated with music was 0.78, which was significantly higher in comparison with the control group (P < .01). Interestingly, music promoted the Glu and Ca signaling response. To further explore the global molecular mechanism, we performed transcriptome analysis and the library preparations were sequenced on an Illumina Hiseq platform. A total of 1296 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found for all these investigated genes in duckweed treated with music compared to the control group. Among these, up-regulation of the expression of metabolism-related genes related to glycolysis, cell wall biosynthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, and pentose phosphate pathways were found. Overall, these results provided a molecular basis to music-triggered signal response, transcriptomic, and growth changes in duckweed, which also highlighted the potential of music as an environmentally friendly stimulus to promote improved protein production in duckweed.


Assuntos
Araceae , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Transcriptoma , Araceae/genética , Araceae/metabolismo , Som , Vibração
16.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680676

RESUMO

The maintenance of proteostasis is essential for cellular and organism healthspan. How proteostasis collapse influences reproductive span remains largely unclear. In Caenorhabditis elegans, excess accumulation of vitellogenins, the major components in yolk proteins, is crucial for the development of the embryo and occurs throughout the whole body during the aging process. Here, we show that vitellogenin accumulation leads to reproduction cessation. Excess vitellogenin is accumulated in the intestine and transported into the germline, impairing lysosomal activity in these tissues. The lysosomal function in the germline is required for reproductive span by maintaining oocyte quality. In contrast, autophagy and sperm depletion are not involved in vitellogenin accumulation-induced reproductive aging. Our findings provide insights into how proteome imbalance has an impact on reproductive aging and imply that improvement of lysosomal function is an effective approach for mid-life intervention for maintaining reproductive health in mammals.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(1): 231-243, 2023 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525577

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) deficiency in mining-contaminated habitats usually hinders plant growth and thus hampers tailing revegetation. Biological N fixation (BNF) is an essential biogeochemical process that contributes to the initial accumulation of N in oligotrophic mining-contaminated regions. Previous studies reported that chemolithotrophic rather than heterotrophic diazotrophs frequently dominated in the mining-contaminated regions. Chemolithotrophic diazotrophs may utilize elements abundant in such habitats (e.g., sulfur (S), arsenic (As), and antimony (Sb)) as electron donors to fix N2. BNF fueled by the oxidation of S and As has been detected in previous studies. However, BNF fueled by Sb(III) oxidation (Sb-dependent BNF) has never been reported. The current study observed the presence of Sb-dependent BNF in slurries inoculated from Sb-contaminated habitats across the South China Sb belt, suggesting that Sb-dependent BNF may be widespread in this region. DNA-stable isotope probing identified bacteria associated with Rhodocyclaceae and Rhizobiaceae as putative microorganisms responsible for Sb-dependent BNF. Furthermore, metagenomic-binning demonstrated that Rhodocyclaceae and Rhizobiaceae contained essential genes involved in Sb(III) oxidation, N2 fixation, and carbon fixation, suggesting their genetic potential for Sb-dependent BNF. In addition, meta-analysis indicated that these bacteria are widespread among Sb-contaminated habitats with different niche preferences: Rhodocyclaceae was enriched in river sediments and tailings, while Rhizobiaceae was enriched only in soils. This study may broaden our fundamental understanding of N fixation in Sb-mining regions.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Antimônio/análise , Antimônio/química , Oxirredução , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio/análise
18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 157: 114084, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481407

RESUMO

Cervical cancer (CC), as the most common malignant tumor of the female reproductive system, is infamous for its high morbidity and mortality rates. Its development and metastasis are intricate because numerous signaling pathways are involved. Since the cancer and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway are closely intertwined, direct inhibition of either the PI3K/Akt pathway or its target genes and molecules may be remarkably constructive for treatment. Albeit remarkable advances in the treatment of CC, existing common anti-cancer medications are not without problems. These problems include myelotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, genotoxicity, and vasospasm, which are the most common and well-recognized toxicities associated with these medications. Therefore, it is necessary and urgent to develop novel, potent, secure, and more reasonably priced anticancer medications that are void of the above problems. Against this backdrop, Chinese medicine monomers have received more attention in recent years owing to their safety, low toxicity, few side effects, and anti-tumor properties. By regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, Chinese medicine monomers are effective not only in inhibiting CC growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration, and reversing drug resistance but also in a variety of targets. Most previous earlier studies focused on the use of a single traditional Chinese medicine monomer to treat CC by regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway rather than a combination of several such monomers. More importantly, to our knowledge, there has hardly been any study providing an exhaustive and comprehensive review of all the Chinese medicine monomers at CC. In response to this scarcity, we attempt in this paper to provide a comprehensive review of all the literature to date on traditional Chinese medicine monomers at cervical cancer, highlight the mechanisms and future prospects for their use in the prevention and treatment of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
19.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 31(1): 57-63, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121292

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the main joint disease associated with aging. Previous studies have confirmed that both osteopontin (OPN) and αvß3 integrin are involved in the progression of knee OA. The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of OPN and αvß3 integrin and chondrocyte senescence levels in OA. Forty-six cartilage tissues from normal and knee OA patients were divided into 4 groups of normal, minor, moderate, and severe lesions based on the Mankin score. Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to determine the expression of αvß3, OPN, and senescent-associated-ß-galactosidase (SAß-gal) in articular cartilage. Then, Spearman's correlation was used to analyze the correlations between the Mankin scores and αvß3, OPN and SAß-gal. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations among αvß3, OPN, and SAß-gal. The expression of OPN, αvß3, and SAß-gal in articular cartilage was explored. αvß3, OPN, and SAß-gal proteins were all elevated in OA cartilage, and the correlation coefficient between the Mankin score and the average optical density value of αvß3, OPN, SAß-gal were r =0.60, r =0.75, and r =0.87, respectively, all P <0.001; the correlation between the average optical density value of αvß3 and OPN was r =0.3191, P <0.05; the correlation between αvß3 and SAß-gal was r =0.4955, P <0.001; and the correlation between OPN and SAß-gal was r =0.7821, P <0.001. The correlations among αvß3, OPN, and SAß-gal expression in articular cartilage might be important in OA progression and pathogenesis. Nonetheless, more research is needed to elucidate the exact contribution of αvß3, OPN, and SAß-gal to the degenerative process of OA.


Assuntos
Cartilagem , Condrócitos , Integrina alfaVbeta3 , Osteopontina , Humanos , Gravidade do Paciente , Integrina alfaVbeta3/metabolismo , Condrócitos/citologia , Senescência Celular
20.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 126: 827-835, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503808

RESUMO

As one typical cationic disinfectant, quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) were approved for surface disinfection in the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and then unintentionally or intentionally released into the surrounding environment. Concerningly, it is still unclear how the soil microbial community succession happens and the nitrogen (N) cycling processes alter when exposed to QACs. In this study, one common QAC (benzalkonium chloride (BAC) was selected as the target contaminant, and its effects on the temporal changes in soil microbial community structure and nitrogen transformation processes were determined by qPCR and 16S rRNA sequencing-based methods. The results showed that the aerobic microbial degradation of BAC in the two different soils followed first-order kinetics with a half-life (4.92 vs. 17.33 days) highly dependent on the properties of the soil. BAC activated the abundance of N fixation gene (nifH) and nitrification genes (AOA and AOB) in the soil and inhibited that of denitrification gene (narG). BAC exposure resulted in the decrease of the alpha diversity of soil microbial community and the enrichment of Crenarchaeota and Proteobacteria. This study demonstrates that BAC degradation is accompanied by changes in soil microbial community structure and N transformation capacity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Microbiota , Humanos , Nitrogênio , Solo , Compostos de Benzalcônio/toxicidade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...