Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 168
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 103(2): 891-899, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron-deficiency anemia is one severe micronutrient malnutrition and has captured worldwide attention. This study evaluated the in vitro iron absorption of two iron-binding proteins (hemoglobin and ferritin) from Tegillarca granosa. In addition, the protein structure-iron absorption relationship and the regulatory effect of hepcidin on cellular iron absorption were explored. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that both hemoglobin and ferritin extracted from T. granosa contained abundant iron-binding sites, as evidenced by stronger peaks in amide I and II regions compared with the two proteins from humans. Less ß-sheet (27.67%) structures were found in hemoglobin compared with ferritin (36.40%), probably contributing to its greater digestibility and more release of available iron. This was confirmed by the results of Caco-2/HepG2 cell culture system that showed iron absorption of hemoglobin was 26.10-39.31% higher than that of ferritin with an iron content of 50-150 µmol L-1 . This high iron absorption of hemoglobin (117.86-174.10 ng mg-1 ) could also be due to more hepcidin produced by HepG2 cells, thereby preventing ferroportin-mediated iron efflux from Caco-2 cells. In addition, the possible risk of oxidative stress was evaluated in cells post-iron exposure. In comparison with ferrous sulfate, a common iron supplement, Caco-2 cells treated with the iron-binding proteins had a 9.50-25.73% lower level of intracellular reactive oxygen species, indicating the safety of hemoglobin and ferritin. CONCLUSION: Collectively, the data of this research would be helpful for understanding the key features and potential of developing hemoglobin and ferritin from T. granosa as novel iron supplements. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Hepcidinas , Ferro , Humanos , Células CACO-2 , Técnicas de Cocultura , Digestão , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas , Hepcidinas/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Arcidae , Animais , Células Hep G2
2.
J Food Sci ; 88(1): 503-512, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510376

RESUMO

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a global health concern affecting one-third of the world's population, particularly those dominated by plant-based food. Fortifying staple foods with iron has been an effective strategy for preventing IDA. Pneumatophorus japonicus is an essential economic fish in China. Pneumatophorus japonicus dark meat is usually underutilized as a byproduct, though it contains bounteous nutrients, including heme iron (10.50 mg/100 g). This study aimed to investigate the iron bioavailability of P. japonicus dark meat and to evaluate its potential as an iron fortifier for whole-wheat flour, a typical staple food, using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell culture system. Our results suggested the excellent iron bioavailability of P. japonicus dark meat in comparison with beef (a heme dietary iron reference), whole-wheat flour (a non-heme dietary iron reference), and FeSO4 (a conventional iron supplement). The addition of P. japonicus dark meat notably enhanced iron solubility, bioavailability, and protein digestibility of whole-wheat flour. The flour-dark meat mixture yielded 1.96 times the iron bioavailability compared to beef per gram. The iron bioavailability was further improved by adding vitamin C, a commonly used dietary factor, at the Vc/iron mass ratio of 2:100-5:100. Our findings reveal the promise of P. japonicus dark meat as a significant source of bioavailable iron, providing a basis for developing fish byproducts as alternatives for iron supplementation. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This study investigated the iron bioavailability of Pneumatophorus japonicus meat using in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell culture system. These results could be used to improve the utilization of Pneumatophorus japonicus byproduct (dark meat) and develop the potential of the byproduct as an iron fortifier for whole-wheat flour.


Assuntos
Deficiências de Ferro , Ferro , Humanos , Animais , Bovinos , Ferro/metabolismo , Farinha , Ferro na Dieta , Células CACO-2 , Triticum/metabolismo , Carne , Disponibilidade Biológica , Alimentos Fortificados
3.
Food Chem ; 408: 135202, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525728

RESUMO

Frozen storage technology has been widely used for the preservation of Aquatic products. However, ice crystals formation, lipid oxidation and protein denaturation still easily causes aquatic products deterioration. Cryoprotectants are a series of food additives that could efficiently prolong the shelf life and guarantee the acceptability of frozen aquatic products. This review comprehensively illustrated the mechanism of protein denaturation caused by the ice crystal formation and lipid oxidation. The cryoprotective mechanism of various kinds of antifreeze agents (saccharides, phosphates, antifreeze proteins and peptides) and these cryoprotective structure-activity relationship, application efficiency on the quality of aquatic products were also discussed. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each cryoprotectant are also prospected. Compared with others, antifreeze peptides show higher commercial and application values. While, lots of scientific research works are still required to develop novel antifreeze agent as a versatile ingredient with commercial value, applicable in the aquatic products preservation industry.


Assuntos
Crioprotetores , Gelo , Crioprotetores/química , Congelamento , Aditivos Alimentares , Lipídeos , Proteínas Anticongelantes/química
4.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 112031, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461251

RESUMO

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world. This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of hemoglobin from Tegillarca granosa (T. granosa) on IDA in mice. Mice were randomly divided into five groups: a normal control group, an anemia model group, a positive (FeSO4) control group, a low-dose and high-dose hemoglobin groups. After 4-week iron supplements administration, it was observed that hemoglobin at 2.0 mg iron/kg body weight had better restorative effective on IDA mice than that of FeSO4 with regard to routine blood parameters and serum biochemical indicators. Meanwhile, the IDA-caused alterations of organ coefficients and liver morphology were ameliorated in mice after hemoglobin supplementation in a dose-dependent manner. Further correlation analysis of indicators showed that serum ferritin (iron storage protein) and soluble transferrin receptor (cellular iron uptake membrane glycoprotein) were susceptible to iron deficiency, indicating possibledisorder of iron metabolism caused by IDA. And levels of serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor were restored after administration of hemoglobin. These findings confirmed the safety and effectiveness of T. granosa derived hemoglobin in alleviating IDA in mice, suggesting its great potential as an alternative for iron supplementation.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Deficiências de Ferro , Camundongos , Animais , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Hemoglobinas , Ferro , Receptores da Transferrina , Ferritinas
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(51): 16382-16389, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512680

RESUMO

Salmonella severely threatens global human health and causes financial burden. The ability to sensitively detect Salmonella in food samples is highly valuable but remains a challenge. Herein, a sensitive detection method for Salmonella was developed by coupling immunomagnetic separation with the CRISPR-Cas12a system and the tetrahedral DNA nanostructure-mediated hyperbranched hybridization chain reaction (TDN-hHCR). In the detection system, the target Salmonella was immunomagnetically separated and labeled with bio-barcode DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), which could transfer and magnify the signal of a bacterial cell into numerous bio-barcode DNA molecules. Afterward, the bio-barcode DNA can trigger the trans-cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a to inhibit the process of the TDN-hHCR to generate a fluorescence readout. Due to the high immunomagnetic separation efficiency and the effective signal amplification of CRISPR-Cas12a and the TDN-hHCR, Salmonella as low as 8 CFU/mL could be easily detected. Meanwhile, this has been applied for practical use and showed the capability to detect 17 and 25 CFU/mL in spiked milk and egg white, respectively, indicating its potential application in real samples.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoestruturas , Humanos , Ouro , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Salmonella/genética
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in the physicochemical properties of shrimp meat treated with two-stage heating were investigated. Currently, shrimp products in the processing process are susceptible to uneven dehydration, shrimp meat shrinkage, which results in rough and hard texture, poor chewiness, and seriously affects the edible quality as well as economic benefits. Improving the utilization value of shrimp resources, expanding its market shares, optimizing the tenderness of shrimp is the key to developing new types of fresh and ready-to-eat shrimp products. RESULTS: The results indicated that preheating at 30 °C could not affect the quality of shrimp meat significantly (P > 0.05). As the preheating temperature increased from 40 °C to 50 °C, the hardness and shear force of shrimp meat decreased due to the exposure of protein hydrophobic groups, protein aggregation and degradation, muscle fraction broken, and weight loss increase. Further increase in preheating temperature would lead to further aggregation and gelation of proteins, causing hardness and shear force increase. Besides, the results of microstructure showed that preheating at 40 °C and 50 °C could cause the shrimp muscles to become loose. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the preheating temperature ranging from 40 °C to 50 °C could effectively improve the tenderness of shrimp meat. This study might be useful for developing tenderized shrimp products in the future. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

7.
Sci Adv ; 8(44): eadd1984, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322656

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor heterostructures are key building blocks for many electronic and optoelectronic devices. Reconfiguring the band-edge states and modulating their interplay with charge carriers at the interface in a continuous manner have long been sought yet are challenging. Here, using organic semiconductor-incorporated 2D halide perovskites as the model system, we realize the manipulation of band-edge states and charge distribution via mechanical-rather than chemical or thermal-regulation. Compression induces band-alignment switching and charge redistribution due to the different pressure responses of organic and inorganic building blocks, giving controllable emission properties of 2D perovskites. We propose and demonstrate a "pressure gating" strategy that enables the control of multiple emission states within a single material. We also reveal that band-alignment transition at the organic-inorganic interface is intrinsically not well resolved at room temperature owing to the thermally activated transfer and shuffling of band-edge carriers. This work provides important fundamental insights into the energetics and carrier dynamics of hybrid semiconductor heterostructures.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(31): e2202973, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180391

RESUMO

Transparent conducting oxides (TCO) with high electrical conductivity and high visible light transparency are desired for a wide range of high-impact engineering. Yet, usually, a compromise must be made between conductivity and transparency, limiting the practical application of a TCO to the next level. Furthermore, TCO performance is highly sensitive to composition, so conventional synthesis methods, such as chemical doping, cannot unravel the mysteries of the quantitative structure-performance relationship. Thus, improving the fundamental understanding or creating materials-by-design has limited success. Here, a strategy is proposed to modulate the lattice and electronic and optical properties precisely by applying pressure on a TCO. Strikingly, after compression-decompression treatment on the indium titanium oxides (ITiO), a highly transparent and metastable phase with two orders of magnitude enhancement in conductivity is synthesized from an irreversible phase transition. Moreover, this phase possesses previously unattainable filter efficiency on hazardous blue light up to 600 °C, providing potential for healthcare-related applications with strong thermal stability up to 200 °C. These results demonstrate that pressure engineering is a clean and effective tool for tailoring functional materials that are not achievable by other means, providing an exciting alternative property-tuning dimension in materials science.

9.
Nature ; 608(7923): 513-517, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35978124

RESUMO

High pressure induces dramatic changes and novel phenomena in condensed volatiles1,2 that are usually not preserved after recovery from pressure vessels. Here we report a process that pressurizes volatiles into nanopores of type 1 glassy carbon precursors, converts glassy carbon into nanocrystalline diamond by heating and synthesizes free-standing nanostructured diamond capsules (NDCs) capable of permanently preserving volatiles at high pressures, even after release back to ambient conditions for various vacuum-based diagnostic probes including electron microscopy. As a demonstration, we perform a comprehensive study of a high-pressure argon sample preserved in NDCs. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show nanometre-sized argon crystals at around 22.0 gigapascals embedded in nanocrystalline diamond, energy-dispersive X­ray spectroscopy provides quantitative compositional analysis and electron energy-loss spectroscopy details the chemical bonding nature of high-pressure argon. The preserved pressure of the argon sample inside NDCs can be tuned by controlling NDC synthesis pressure. To test the general applicability of the NDC process, we show that high-pressure neon can also be trapped in NDCs and that type 2 glassy carbon can be used as the precursor container material. Further experiments on other volatiles and carbon allotropes open the possibility of bringing high-pressure explorations on a par with mainstream condensed-matter investigations and applications.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 219: 11-20, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931292

RESUMO

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common micronutrient deficiency. Tegillarca granosa (T. granosa) is a good source of iron due to its high content of hemoglobin. The present study aimed to determine the effects of glycosylation on structure, physicochemical characteristics and iron bioavailability of hemoglobin. Using Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology, the optimal conditions for hemoglobin-chitosan glycosylation were obtained: 61.8 °C, pH 6.3, hemoglobin/chitosan mass ratio of 4.3 and reaction time of 15 min. The formation of hemoglobin-chitosan conjugates was verified by SDS-PAGE and fluorescence spectroscopy. The surface hydrophobicity of hemoglobin was reduced by 20.90-65.05 % after glycosylation, along with the observations of elevated water-holding capacity, likely owing to the introduction of hydrophilic groups. Antioxidant capacity of glycosylated products (0.41-0.66 µM Trolox/mg protein) was markedly greater than that of original protein (0.06 µM Trolox/mg protein) due to the formation of brown polymers with antioxidant activity. In addition, glycosylation improved in vitro digestibility of hemoglobin by 41.15-69.09 %, which could be attributed to less ß-sheet in secondary structures. Moreover, hemoglobin (324.38 ng/mg) exhibited better iron absorption than FeSO4 (121.63 ng/mg), with the value being further enhanced by glycosylation (442.73 ng/mg), which may be due to the improved protein digestibility and iron-chelating capacity.


Assuntos
Arcidae , Quitosana , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Quitosana/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Hemoglobinas/química , Ferro/metabolismo , Quelantes de Ferro/metabolismo , Micronutrientes/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4650, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945215

RESUMO

Solids can be generally categorized by their structures into crystalline and amorphous states with different interactions among atoms dictating their properties. Crystalline-amorphous hybrid structures, combining the advantages of both ordered and disordered components, present a promising opportunity to design materials with emergent collective properties. Hybridization of crystalline and amorphous structures at the sublattice level with long-range periodicity has been rarely observed. Here, we report a nested order-disorder framework (NOF) constructed by a crystalline matrix with self-filled amorphous-like innards that is obtained by using pressure to regulate the bonding hierarchy of Cu12Sb4S13. Combined in situ experimental and computational methods demonstrate the formation of disordered Cu sublattice which is embedded in the retained crystalline Cu framework. Such a NOF structure gives a low thermal conductivity (~0.24 W·m-1·K-1) and a metallic electrical conductivity (8 × 10-6 Ω·m), realizing the collaborative improvement of two competing physical properties. These findings demonstrate a category of solid-state materials to link the crystalline and amorphous forms in the sublattice-scale, which will exhibit extraordinary properties.

12.
Food Res Int ; 158: 111461, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840193

RESUMO

The biochemical properties and microstructural changes of freeze-dried Japanese scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis) striated muscle during room temperature storage and rehydration were investigated. The results showed that the content of ATP in freeze-dried scallop muscle remained stable with no significant difference (p > 0.05). However, ATP was rapidly decomposed and AMP accumulated within 1.5 min of rehydration, and HxR and Hx were gradually produced from AMP decomposition with the extension of rehydration time. Besides, the results of chymotryptic digestion patterns demonstrated that the rod of myosin was unstable after dehydration, reflecting lower salt solubility than that of frozen-thawed scallop. In contrast, the myosin subfragment-1 (S-1) was stable, as indicated by the constant of Ca2+-ATPase activity of freeze-dried scallops throughout the storage and rehydration (p > 0.05). Furthermore, the microstructural analysis revealed that the Z line of the freeze-dried scallop was broken after dehydration process. This study might be useful for developing high-quality dehydrated scallops in the future.


Assuntos
Músculo Estriado , Pectinidae , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análise , Monofosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/análise , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Desidratação/metabolismo , Hidratação , Músculo Esquelético/química , Nucleotídeos/análise , Pectinidae/química , Proteínas/análise
13.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(11)2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35683147

RESUMO

Understanding the relationships between the local structures and physical properties of low-dimensional ferroelectrics is of both fundamental and practical importance. Here, pressure-induced enhancement in the photocurrent of SbSI is observed by using pressure to regulate the lone-pair electrons (LPEs). The reconfiguration of LPEs under pressure leads to the inversion symmetry broken in the crystal structure and an optimum bandgap according to the Shockley-Queisser limit. The increased polarization caused by the stereochemical expression of LPEs results in a significantly enhanced photocurrent at 14 GPa. Our research enriches the foundational understanding of structure-property relationships by regulating the stereochemical role of LPEs and offers a distinctive approach to the design of ferroelectric-photovoltaic materials.

14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3251, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668085

RESUMO

Conventional phase diagram generation involves experimentation to provide an initial estimate of the set of thermodynamically accessible phases and their boundaries, followed by use of phenomenological models to interpolate between the available experimental data points and extrapolate to experimentally inaccessible regions. Such an approach, combined with high throughput first-principles calculations and data-mining techniques, has led to exhaustive thermodynamic databases (e.g. compatible with the CALPHAD method), albeit focused on the reduced set of phases observed at distinct thermodynamic equilibria. In contrast, materials during their synthesis, operation, or processing, may not reach their thermodynamic equilibrium state but, instead, remain trapped in a local (metastable) free energy minimum, which may exhibit desirable properties. Here, we introduce an automated workflow that integrates first-principles physics and atomistic simulations with machine learning (ML), and high-performance computing to allow rapid exploration of the metastable phases to construct "metastable" phase diagrams for materials far-from-equilibrium. Using carbon as a prototypical system, we demonstrate automated metastable phase diagram construction to map hundreds of metastable states ranging from near equilibrium to far-from-equilibrium (400 meV/atom). We incorporate the free energy calculations into a neural-network-based learning of the equations of state that allows for efficient construction of metastable phase diagrams. We use the metastable phase diagram and identify domains of relative stability and synthesizability of metastable materials. High temperature high pressure experiments using a diamond anvil cell on graphite sample coupled with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) confirm our metastable phase predictions. In particular, we identify the previously ambiguous structure of n-diamond as a cubic-analog of diaphite-like lonsdaelite phase.

15.
Brachytherapy ; 21(5): 592-598, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750620

RESUMO

PURPSOE: Colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CCLM) in anatomically challenging locations is difficult to treat. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of permanent 125I seeds implantation (ISI) for treatment of CCLM in anatomically challenging locations after failure of systemic chemotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 31 liver metastases (in 25 patients) were treated by ISI under computerized tomography guidance from January 2011 to December 2017. Post-treatment follow-up was for 40 months. Adverse events were classified using the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Tumor response was evaluated by the mRECIST criteria. Objective response rate, overall survival rate, and complications were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: All ISI procedures were performed successfully. Most patients only complained of fatigue and mild pain after ISI. Only one patient had liver rupture during the procedure. Serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels at 1 month after ISI were not significantly different from pre-procedure levels (p > 0.05). Computed tomography at 6 months after ISI treatment showed completed response in 11 (11/31, 35.5%) lesions, partial response in 14 (14/31, 45.2%) lesions, stable disease in 4 (4/31, 12.9%) lesions, and disease progression in 2 (2/31, 6.5%) lesions; thus, the objective response rate was 80.6%. Median survival was for 12 months. The 1 and 2 year overall survival rates were 52.0% and 20.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 125I seeds implantation for CCLM in anatomically challenging locations is safe and effective. Survival benefit is limited in the salvage setting where patients have high intrahepatic tumor load after failed systemic chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Braquiterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Nanoscale ; 14(20): 7530-7537, 2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481922

RESUMO

Piezochromic luminescence materials with optical properties can be adjusted (the colors most sensitive to the human eye range from red to green) to provide powerful means for information acquisition in various applications. Inorganic quantum dots, typically based on heavy metals such as cadmium and lead, have congenital advantages as luminescence materials, including strong inoxidizability and excellent photoelectric properties. However, small band-gap shifts under pressure have hindered the development of inorganic-based piezochromic materials. Herein, we combined in situ high-pressure photoluminescence (PL) and absorption measurements with synchrotron X-ray scattering spectra to elucidate the remarkable modulation of optical properties and morphologies by pressure, particularly that of the piezochromic luminescence, in all-inorganic core-shell InP/ZnSe nanocrystals (NCs). We observed a stepwise PL color change from red to green, and an ultrabroad bandgap tunability of 0.46 eV was observed from 1.99 to 2.45 eV in the pressure range of 14.2 GPa for InP/ZnSe NCs. Moreover, two-dimensional (2D) InP/ZnSe nanosheets were synthesized by the stress-driven attachment of nanoparticles. These results demonstrate the ability of the pressure-stimulus response to trigger remarkable piezochromic luminescence and 2D nanosheet assembly in InP/ZnSe NCs, which paves the way for new applications of all-inorganic InP-based semiconductor NCs.

17.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(18): e2200590, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470581

RESUMO

HgTe film is widely used for quantum Hall well studies and devices, as it has unique properties, like band gap inversion, carrier-type switch, and topological evolution depending on the film thickness modulation near the so-called critical thickness (63.5 Å), while its counterpart bulk materials do not hold these nontrivial properties at ambient pressure. Here, much richer transport properties emerging in bulk HgTe crystal through pressure-tuning are reported. Not only the above-mentioned abnormal properties can be realized in a 400 nm thick bulk HgTe single crystal, but superconductivity is also discovered in a series of high-pressure phases. Combining crystal structure, electrical transport, and Hall coefficient measurements, a p-n carrier type switching is observed in the first high-pressure cinnabar phase. Superconductivity emerges after the semiconductor-to-metal transition at 3.9 GPa and persists up to 54 GPa, crossing four high-pressure phases with an increased upper critical field. Density functional theory calculations confirm that a surface-dominated topologic band structure contributes these exotic properties under high pressure. This discovery presents broad and efficient tuning effects by pressure on the lattice structure and electronic modulations compared to the thickness-dependent critical properties in 2D and 3D topologic insulators and semimetals.

18.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408719

RESUMO

We report here the purification of a novel metal-binding protein from Oratosquilla oratoria (O. oratoria MT-1) by gel and ion-exchange chromatography. SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF analyses demonstrated that isolated O. oratoria MT-1 was of high purity with a molecular weight of 12.4 kDa. The fluorescence response to SBD-F derivatives revealed that O. oratoria MT-1 contained a large number of sulfhydryl groups, which is a general property of metallothioneins. Zn and Cu metal stoichiometries for O. oratoria MT-1 were 3.97:1 and 0.55:1, respectively. The proportion of cysteine (Cys) residues in the amino acid composition was 32.69%, and aromatic amino acids were absent. The peptide sequence coverage with Macrobrachium rosenbergii calmodulin (accession AOA3S8FSK5) was 60%. Infrared spectroscopy of O. oratoria MT-1 revealed two obvious peaks at absorption frequencies for the amide I band and the amide II band. CD spectra revealed that the secondary structure was mainly composed of random coil (57.6%) and ß-sheet (39.9%). An evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity revealed that isolated O. oratoria MT-1 has strong reducing activities, exhibiting scavenging rates for DPPH and OH of 77.8% and 75.8%, respectively (IC50 values 0.57 mg/mL and 1.1 mg/mL). O. oratoria MT-1 may be used as a functional additive in cosmetics, health foods, and medical products, as well as a reference material for quantitative analysis of metallothionein in such products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Metalotioneína , Amidas , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Crustáceos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(12): 5335-5341, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302742

RESUMO

Metal halide perovskites have emerged as promising materials for optoelectronic applications in the last decade. A large amount of effort has been made to investigate the interplay between the crystalline lattice and photoexcited charge carriers as it is vital to their optoelectronic performance. Among them, ultrafast laser spectroscopy has been intensively utilized to explore the charge carrier dynamics of perovskites, from which the local structural information can only be extracted indirectly. Here, we have applied a time-resolved X-ray diffraction technique to investigate the structural dynamics of prototypical two-dimensional lead-free halide perovskite Cs3Bi2Br9 nanoparticles across temporal scales from 80 ps to microseconds. We observed a quick recoverable (a few ns) photoinduced microstrain up to 0.15% and a long existing lattice expansion (∼a few hundred nanoseconds) at mild laser fluence. Once the laser flux exceeds 1.4 mJ/cm2, the microstrain saturates and the crystalline phase partially transfers into a disordered phase. This photoinduced transient structural change can recover within the nanosecond time scale. These results indicate that photoexcitation of charge carriers couples with lattice distortion, which fundamentally affects the dielectric environment and charge carrier transport.

20.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 272: 120984, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35151172

RESUMO

This article reports a new type of dicyanisophorone-based near-infrared fluorescent probe for the rapid detection of mercaptophenol by introducing 2,4-dinitrobenzene sulfonate group as a specific recognition group for thiophenol. The probe has a significant large Stokes shift (185 nm). At the same time, it exhibits rapid response, high selectivity and high sensitivity to thiophene. In addition, the fluorescence of the probe at 650 nm has a good linear relationship with the concentration of thiophenol in the range of 0-100 µM, and the detection limit is as low as 65 nM. The probe has been successfully applied to the detection of thiophenol in actual water samples, and has good live cell imaging effects, and at the same time shows the superiority of its low cell toxicity.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Células HeLa , Humanos , Imagem Óptica , Fenóis , Compostos de Sulfidrila , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...