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1.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(8): 451, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571437

RESUMO

Background: The size and versatility of anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap enables a bi-paddle flap to cover complex and extensive defects optimally. However, it is characterized by variations in the sources of blood vessels and in the number of perforators, which increases the chances of failure of harvesting a bi-paddle flap. We present our method to overcome such failure. This is the first study exploring the optimal salvaging algorithm to overcome harvesting failure with the bi-paddle ALT flap. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2020, in 9 patients to be treated with bi-paddle ALT flap for soft-tissue defects (range, 48-288 cm2), there was failure of flap harvest because of perforator variations. We redesigned and converted the flaps to other forms for harvest intraoperatively, based on the characteristics of the defect, and the number and sources of perforators. Results: Salvage of flap harvest was successfully performed in all 9 cases. In 4 cases the flap with a single perforator was converted to widened-single-perforator flaps; in 2 cases, a single perforator was converted to a de-epithelialized flap; in 2 cases of 2 perforators from different main branches, conversion was to sequential chimeric flaps; in the remaining case of 2 perforators from the descending branch and transverse branch, conversion was to a combined transverse-and-descending branches flap. Venous compromise occurred in only 1 case, and the patient survived after revised surgery. Local infection in the receiving area occurred in 3 cases, and was cured by wound dressing. All flaps survived (follow-up 5-24 months). Conclusions: Despite preoperative preparation, anatomic variations resulted in failure of bi-paddle ALT flap harvesting. As shown by our results, it is feasible to redesign and convert the bi-paddle flap to other forms based on the defect characteristics, and the number and sources of perforators.

2.
Oral Oncol ; 130: 105924, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594773

RESUMO

DNA-based liquid biopsy as a diagnostic strategy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has emergingly gained momentum. In this letter, we identified 6 studies contained 274 patients with HNSCC focused on gene mutations in salivary DNA. We observe that the incidence of DNA mutations with at least one gene mutated ranges from 63% to 95.9%, and the most frequently examined gene mutations are TP53, CDKN2A, PIK3CA, FAT1, and NOTCH1. Meanwhile, studies have demonstrated that saliva had a greater sensitivity and much higher quantitative values than plasma in both tumor DNA count and variant allele frequency. Interestingly, more tumor-derived mutations were detected in salivary DNA among patients with tumors arising in oral cavity compared to in oropharynx, larynx, and hypopharynx. Collectively, it is feasibility to identify somatic mutations in driver genes using saliva samples to noninvasively diagnose HNSCC, especially in oral cavity cancer and even at early stages of the disease. Larger well-designed studies are needed to consolidate the evidence.

3.
Trials ; 23(1): 436, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606865

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The optimal preoperative preparation for elective colorectal cancer surgery has been debated in academic circles for decades. Previously, several expert teams have conducted studies on whether preoperative mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, such as surgical site infections and anastomotic leakage. Most of the results of these studies have suggested that preoperative mechanical bowel preparation for elective colon surgery has no significant effect on the occurrence of surgical site infections and anastomotic leakage. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will examine whether oral antibiotic bowel preparation (OABP) influences the incidence of anastomotic leakage after surgery in a prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled trial that will enrol 1500 patients who require colon surgery. The primary endpoint, incidence of anastomotic leakage, is based on 2.3% in the OABP ± mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) group in the study by Morris et al. Patients will be randomized (1:1) into two groups: the test group will be given antibiotics (both neomycin 1 g and metronidazole 0.9 g) the day before surgery, and the control group will not receive any special intestinal preparation before surgery, including oral antibiotics or mechanical intestinal preparation. All study-related clinical data, such as general patient information, past medical history, laboratory examination, imaging results, and surgery details, will be recorded before surgery and during the time of hospitalization. The occurrence of postoperative fistulas, including anastomotic leakage, will be recorded as the main severe postoperative adverse event and will represent the primary endpoint. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval was obtained from the Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials (ChiECRCT20200173). The results of this study will be disseminated at several research conferences and as published articles in peer-reviewed journals. Protocol was revised on November 22, 2021, version 4.0. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2000035550 . Registered on 13 Aug 2020.

4.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(5): 2917-2931, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502397

RESUMO

Background: Due to different management strategy and prognosis of different subtypes of lung adenocarcinomas appearing as pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs), it is important to differentiate invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) from adenocarcinoma in situ/minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (AIS/MIA) during lung cancer screening. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the qualitative and quantitative models to predict the invasiveness of lung adenocarcinoma appearing as pGGNs based on low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) and compare their diagnostic performance with that of intraoperative frozen section (FS). Methods: A total of 223 consecutive pathologically confirmed pGGNs from March 2018 to December 2020 were divided into a primary cohort (96 IAs and 64 AIS/MIAs) and validation cohort (39 IAs and 24 AIS/MIAs) according to scans (Brilliance iCT and Somatom Definition Flash) performed at Sichuan Cancer Hospital and Institute. The following LDCT features of pGGNs were analyzed: the qualitative features included nodule location, shape, margin, nodule-lung interface, lobulation, spiculation, pleural indentation, air bronchogram, vacuole, and vessel type, and the quantitative features included the diameter, volume, and mean attenuation. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to build a qualitative model, quantitative model, and combined qualitative and quantitative model. The diagnostic performance was assessed according to the following factors: the area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. Results: The AUCs of the qualitative model, quantitative model, combined qualitative and quantitative model, and the FS diagnosis were 0.854, 0.803, 0.873, and 0.870, respectively, in the primary cohort and 0.884, 0.855, 0.875, and 0.946, respectively, in the validation cohort. No significant difference of the AUCs was found among the radiological models and the FS diagnosis in the primary or validation cohort (all corrected P>0.05). Among the radiological models, the combined qualitative and quantitative model consisting of vessel type and volume showed the highest accuracy in both the primary and validation cohorts (0.831 and 0.889, respectively). Conclusions: The diagnostic performances of the qualitative and quantitative models based on LDCT to differentiate IA from AIS/MIA in pGGNs are equivalent to that of intraoperative FS diagnosis. The vessel type and volume can be preoperative and non-invasive biomarkers to assess the invasive risk of pGGNs in lung cancer screening.

6.
Physica A ; : 127518, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578644

RESUMO

In this paper, we use the improved event study method to analyze the changes in the systemic risk trends of various financial sectors after the outbreak of COVID-19. The analysis is based on the daily return data of 45 Chinese financial institutions from January 2, 2019, to November 30, 2020. The improved event study method is also used to explore the horizontal, trend, and public opinion effects of the systemic risk. The empirical analysis results show that: (1) the occurrence of COVID-19 will increase the level and volatility of systemic risk in the financial industry. (2) After the outbreak of COVID-19, there is no horizontal effect in all financial industries. The banking and securities industries have significant and longer-lasting positive trend effects, and from the perspective of trend effects, in the face of external shocks, the banking industry is more stable than the securities industry. (3) After the outbreak of COVID-19, the banking and securities industries have a public opinion effect, which is gradually weakened; but there is no public opinion effect in the insurance industry.

7.
J Cell Physiol ; 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579960

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a common pregnancy-specific disease, characterized by increased bile acid levels and adverse fetal outcomes. We previously reported excessive bile acids led to dysfunction of placental trophoblasts in ICP. However, the detailed mechanism is still unclear. Autophagy is fundamental process for protecting cell survival against adverse conditions. Here, we evaluated the effect of increased concentration of bile acids on autophagy in trophoblasts in vitro and in vivo. First, we demonstrated that the autophagy substrate p62/sequestosome-1 was accumulated in placental tissues from patients with ICP and in human trophoblasts treated with hydrophobic bile acids, including chenodeoxycholic acid and deoxycholic acid. Furthermore, we found that treatment with hydrophobic bile acids impaired autophagic flux in both time- and concentration-dependent manners, by suppressing the AMP-activated protein kinase/unc-51-like kinase 1 autophagic signaling pathway. Notably, trophoblasts were prone to apoptotic cell death upon starvation along with bile-acids treatment in vitro or in an ICP mouse model in vivo. Additionally, we revealed mitochondrial dysfunction was the predominant biological process in excessive bile acids induced trophoblast impairment under starvation by proteomic assay. Collectively, our study proposed a complex interaction of excessive bile acids induced autophagic flux, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cellular apoptosis in placental trophoblasts may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ICP.

9.
Food Chem ; 388: 133047, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483290

RESUMO

The inhibition of (-)-epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) against starch digestion by α-amylase (AA), amyloglucosidase (AMG) and co-existing enzymes (AA/AMG) were comparatively studied. EGCG inhibited AA only at slowly-digestible-starch (SDS) phase. This resulted from high catalytic efficiency of AA for rapidly-digestible-starch (RDS), counteracting the inhibition at this phase. EGCG inhibited AMG and AA/AMG during whole process. At RDS phase, the catalytic velocity of AMG was always higher than AA/AMG because of an antagonistic effect of two enzymes. However, at SDS phase with EGCG, the catalytic velocity of AA/AMG was higher than AMG. This is because binding of EGCG with both enzymes caused more unbound AMG that generated more glucose in co-existing AA/AMG than AMG. Although EGCG-AA binding affinity was higher than EGCG-AMG, competitive inhibition of EGCG against AA was weaker than AMG, indicating relatively higher binding/catalyzing affinity of AA to starch significantly weakened EGCG-AA binding due to competitive relationship between starch and EGCG.

10.
Plant J ; 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451138

RESUMO

In contrast to seed plants, the gametophytes of seed-free plants develop pluripotent meristems, which promote and sustain their independent growth and development. To date, the cellular basis of meristem development in gametophytes of seed-free ferns remains largely unknown. In this study, we used Woodsia obtusa, the blunt-lobe cliff fern, to quantitatively determine cell growth dynamics in two different types of apical meristems - the apical initial centered meristem and the multicellular apical meristem in gametophytes. Through confocal time-lapse live imaging and computational image analysis and quantification, we determined unique patterns of cell division and growth that sustain or terminate apical initials, dictate the transition from apical initials to multicellular apical meristems, and drive proliferation of apical meristems in ferns. Quantitative results showed that small cells correlated to active cell division in fern gametophytes. The marginal cells of multicellular apical meristems in fern gametophytes undergo division in both anticlinal and periclinal orientations, not only increasing cell numbers but also playing a dominant role in increasing cell layers during gametophyte development. All these findings provide insights into the function and regulation of meristems in gametophytes of seed-free vascular plants, suggesting both conserved and diversified mechanisms underlying meristem cell proliferation across land plants.

11.
Cell Regen ; 11(1): 10, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490207

RESUMO

Bioprinting has exhibited remarkable promises for the fabrication of functional skin substitutes. However, there are some significant challenges for the treatment of full-thickness skin defects in clinical practice. It is necessary to determine bioinks with suitable mechanical properties and desirable biocompatibilities. Additionally, the key for printing skin is to design the skin structure optimally, enabling the function of the skin. In this study, the full-thickness skin scaffolds were prepared with a gradient pore structure constructing the dense layer, epidermis, and dermis by different ratios of bioinks. We hypothesized that the dense layer protects the wound surface and maintains a moist environment on the wound surface. By developing a suitable hydrogel bioink formulation (sodium alginate/gelatin/collagen), to simulate the physiological structure of the skin via 3D printing, the proportion of hydrogels was optimized corresponding to each layer. These results reveal that the scaffold has interconnected macroscopic channels, and sodium alginate/gelatin/collagen scaffolds accelerated wound healing, reduced skin wound contraction, and re-epithelialization in vivo. It is expected to provide a rapid and economical production method of skin scaffolds for future clinical applications.

12.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437648

RESUMO

The Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) is a simple and powerful prognostic tool for multiple myeloma (MM). However, heterogeneity in R-ISS stage is still poorly characterised, hampering improvement of treatments. We used single-cell RNA-seq to examine novel cellular heterogeneity and regular networks in nine MM patients stratified by R-ISS. Plasma cells were clustered into nine groups (P1-P9) based on gene expression, where P1-P5 were almost enriched in stage III.PDIA6 was significantly upregulated in P3 and LETM1 was enriched in P1, and they were validated to be upregulated in the MM cell line and in 22 other patients' myeloma cells. Furthermore, in progression, PDIA6 was newly found and verified to be activated by UQCRB through oxidative phosphorylation, while LETM1 was activated by STAT1 via the C-type lectin receptor-signalling pathway. Finally, a subcluster of monocytes was exclusively found in stage III specifically expressed chemokines modulated by ATF3. A few ligand-receptor pairs (CCL3/CCL5/CCL3L1-CCR1) were obviously active in monocyte-plasma communications in stage III. Herein, this study identified novel molecules, networks and crosstalk pairs in different R-ISS stages of MM, providing significant insight for its prognosis and treatment.

13.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439320

RESUMO

Exatecan and deruxtecan are antineoplastic camptothecin derivatives in development as tumor-targeted-delivery warheads in various formulations including peptides, liposomes, polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticles, and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Here, we report the molecular pharmacology of exatecan compared to the clinically approved topoisomerase I (TOP1) inhibitors and preclinical models for validating biomarkers and the combination of exatecan with ATR inhibitors. Modeling exatecan binding at the interface of a TOP1 cleavage complex suggests two novel molecular interactions with the flanking DNA base and the TOP1 residue N352, in addition to the three known interactions of camptothecins with the TOP1 residues R364, D533 and N722. Accordingly, exatecan showed much stronger TOP1 trapping, higher DNA damage and apoptotic cell death than the classical TOP1 inhibitors used clinically. We demonstrate the value of SLFN11 expression and homologous recombination (HR)-deficiency (HRD) as predictive biomarkers of response to exatecan. We also show that exatecan kills cancer cells synergistically with the clinical ATR inhibitor ceralasertib (AZD6738). To establish the translational potential of this combination, we tested CBX-12, a clinically developed pH-sensitive peptide-exatecan conjugate that selectively targets cancer cells and is currently in clinical trials. The combination of CBX-12 with ceralasertib significantly suppressed tumor growth in mouse xenografts. Collectively, our results demonstrate the potency of exatecan as a TOP1 inhibitor and its clinical potential in combination with ATR inhibitors, using SLFN11 and HRD as predictive biomarkers.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 808889, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433465

RESUMO

Recent studies have identified that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) might affect the responses to anticancer drug treatment, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PVT1 and the chemotherapy response in metastatic colorectal cancer has yet to be clarified. In this study, the PVT1 rs2278176 CT/TT genotypes were found to be associated with an increased overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared with the CC genotype. Furthermore, patients harboring the rs2278176 CT/TT genotypes had a greater chance of achieving clinical benefit from 5-Fluorouracil/leucovorin combined with oxaliplatin (FOLFOX). In vivo nude mice experiments demonstrated that the CRISPR/Cas9 mediated rs2278176 C to T mutation significantly inhibited the tumorigenesis of colorectal cancer cells treated with 5-Fu, but not control DMSO treated cells. Furthermore, the apoptotic rate was significantly enhanced by treatment with 5-Fu in the CRC cells carrying with the CT/TT genotypes. Functional studies demonstrated that the PVT1 rs2278176 C to T mutation altered the binding site for hsa-miR-297, and that hsa-miR-297 downregulated Glutathione S-Transferase Alpha 2(GSTA2), a member of phase II detoxification enzyme, in an Argonaute 2(Ago2)-dependent manner. Moreover, GSTA2 levels were downregulated in the cancer tissues of patients carrying rs2278176 CT/TT genotypes. High GSTA2 expression predicted poor clinical outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer treated with FOLFOX. In conclusion, this study provided that PVT1 with rs2278176 T allele altered the binding affinity with hsa-miR-297, leading to decreased GSTA2 expression and sensitized CRC cells to FOLFOX chemotherapy, suggesting rs2278176 CT/TT genotypes might serve as a predictive biomarker to improve prognosis in patients with metastatic CRC treated with FOLFOX.

15.
Front Public Health ; 10: 847420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462840

RESUMO

Background: Antimicrobial resistance and the dwindling antibiotic development pipeline have resulted in a looming post-antibiotic era. Research related to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) has grown rapidly in the past decade, especially in the field of surgery. We conducted a bibliometric analysis of these publications. In addition, we aimed to identify research hotspots and infer future research trends. Methods: We screened global publications on AMS in the surgical field over ten years (between 2011 and 2020) from the Web of Science core collection database. The keywords "antimicrobial or antibiotic", "stewardship", "management", "management strategies", "programme", "surgery" and "surgical" were used to search for related papers. VOS viewer, R software, and other machine learning and visualization tools were used to conduct the bibliometric analysis of the publications. Results: We identified 674 publications on AMS in surgical fields; "antimicrobial stewardship" (with total link strength of 1,096) was the most frequent keyword, and had strong links to "antimicrobial resistance" and "guidelines". The top 100 most cited papers had a mean citation count of 47.21 (range: 17-1155) citations, which were cited by survey research studies, clinical trials, and observational studies. The highest-ranking and most cited journal was Clinical Infectious Diseases with eight publications. Jason G. Newland from Washington University wrote seven papers and was cited 1,282 times. The University of Washington published 17 papers and was cited 1,258 times, with the largest number of publications by author and organization. The USA published 198 papers and cooperated with 21 countries, mainly partnering with Italy, the UK, and Canada. Published articles mainly focused on the current clinical situation regarding surgical AMS management, antibiotic prescription, and antibiotic resistance. Conclusions: Publications on surgical AMS management have increased in recent decades, with the USA being the most prolific. Epidemiological investigations of surgical-related infections, antibiotic prescriptions, and antibiotic resistance are fast-developing research trends. However, further improvements are still needed according to the recommendations gained from the bibliometric analysis.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Doenças Transmissíveis , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bibliometria , Humanos , Publicações
16.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(4)2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456636

RESUMO

The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 (Kip1) is an important regulator of the G1/S checkpoint. It is degraded by the SCF-SKP2 complex in late G1 thereby allowing cells to progress to the S phase. Here we investigated the role of the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF6 (Ring Finger Protein 6) in cell cycle progression in prostate cancer cells. Our data demonstrate that RNF6 can promote cell cycle progression by reducing the levels of p27. Knockdown of RNF6 led to an increase in the stability of p27 and to the arrest of cells in the G1 phase. RNF6 interacted with p27 via its KIL domain and this interaction was found to be phosphorylation independent. RNF6 enhanced ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of p27 in the early G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. Knockdown of RNF6 expression by short hairpin RNA led to inhibition of the CDK2/Cyclin E complex thereby reducing phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and to a subsequent decrease in cell cycle progression and proliferation. Our data suggest that RNF6 acts as a negative regulator for p27kip1 leading to its proteasome-dependent degradation in the early G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle.

17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 783153, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400054

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the incidence, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of perinatal stroke in Beijing. Methods: This multicenter prospective study included all the live births from 17 representative maternal delivery hospitals in Beijing from March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020. Neonates with a stroke were assigned to the study group. Clinical data, including general information, clinical manifestations, and risk factors, were collected. Up until 18 months after birth, neonates were routinely assessed according to the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) and/or the Bayley scale. Statistical analysis was done using the chi-squared, t-tests, and logistic regression analysis using SPSS version 26.0. Outcomes: In total, 27 cases were identified and the incidence of perinatal stroke in Beijing was 1/2,660 live births, including 1/5,985 for ischemic stroke and 1/4,788 for hemorrhagic stroke. Seventeen cases (62.96%) of acute symptomatic stroke and convulsions within 72 h (10 cases, 37.04%) were the most common presentations. Ten patients showed no neurological symptoms and were found to have had a stroke through routine cranial ultrasonography after being hospitalized for non-neurological diseases. The risk factors include primiparity, placental or uterine abruption/acute chorioamnionitis, intrauterine distress, asphyxia, and severe infection. In the study group, 11.1% (3/27) of patients had adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. The patients in the study group had lower scores for the ASQ than those in the control group in the communication, gross, and fine motor dimensions. Conclusion: The incidence of perinatal stroke in Beijing was consistent with that in other countries. Routine neuroimaging of infants with risk factors may enable identification of asymptomatic strokes in more patients. Patients who have suffered from a stroke may have neurological sequelae; therefore, early detection, treatment, and regular follow-ups are beneficial for improving their recovery outcomes.


Assuntos
Placenta , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 778463, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419333

RESUMO

Social determinants of health (SDoH) are important factors associated with cancer risk and treatment outcomes. There is an increasing interest in exploring SDoH captured in electronic health records (EHRs) to assess cancer risk and outcomes; however, most SDoH are only captured in free-text clinical narratives such as physicians' notes that are not readily accessible. In this study, we applied a natural language processing (NLP) system to identify 15 categories of SDoH from a total of 10,855 lung cancer patients at the University of Florida Health. We aggregated the SDoH concepts into patient-level and assessed how each of the 15 categories of SDoH were documented in cancer patient's notes. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the first studies to examine the documentation of SDoH in clinical narratives from a real-world lung cancer patient cohort. This study could guide future studies to better utilize SDoH information documented in clinical narratives.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Documentação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Processamento de Linguagem Natural
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 710804, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387442

RESUMO

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predicting value of platelet distribution width (PDW) and fibrinogen for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients with stable angina pectoris and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: We enrolled 161 patients who were readmitted with recurrent chest pain and successfully reviewed for coronary angiography and were divided into the ISR and non-ISR groups. We compared the levels of PDW and fibrinogen between the two groups. Logistic regression was used for analyzing independent predictors of ISR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimum cutoff points of PDW and fibrinogen to predict ISR. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves for target lesion failure (TLF) by levels of PDW and fibrinogen. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PDW and fibrinogen were independent predictors of ISR [odds ratio (OR) = 1.209, 95% CI: 1.024-1.427, p = 0.025; OR = 1.006, 95% CI: 1.002-1.011, p = 0.010, respectively]. The ROC analyses showed that PDW ≥ 13.15% and fibrinogen ≥ 333.5 mg/dl were predictive of ISR in patients with stable angina pectoris and T2DM after DES implantation. However, the Kaplan-Meier estimate for TLF showed no statistical significance. Conclusion: Higher levels of PDW and fibrinogen were associated with the incidence of ISR in patients with stable angina with T2DM after DES implantation, but were not independent predictors of TLF.

20.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 853822, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422764

RESUMO

The global diabetes epidemic and its complications are increasing, thereby posing a major threat to public health. A comprehensive understanding of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications is necessary for the development of effective treatments. Ferroptosis is a newly identified form of programmed cell death caused by the production of reactive oxygen species and an imbalance in iron homeostasis. Increasing evidence suggests that ferroptosis plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and diabetes-related complications. In this review, we summarize the potential impact and regulatory mechanisms of ferroptosis on diabetes and its complications, as well as inhibitors of ferroptosis in diabetes and diabetic complications. Therefore, understanding the regulatory mechanisms of ferroptosis and developing drugs or agents that target ferroptosis may provide new treatment strategies for patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus , Ferroptose , Complicações do Diabetes/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Homeostase , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
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