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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(1): 277-290, 2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767492

RESUMO

JOURNAL/nrgr/04.03/01300535-202501000-00035/figure1/v/2024-05-14T021156Z/r/image-tiff Our previous study found that rat bone marrow-derived neural crest cells (acting as Schwann cell progenitors) have the potential to promote long-distance nerve repair. Cell-based therapy can enhance peripheral nerve repair and regeneration through paracrine bioactive factors and intercellular communication. Nevertheless, the complex contributions of various types of soluble cytokines and extracellular vesicle cargos to the secretome remain unclear. To investigate the role of the secretome and extracellular vesicles in repairing damaged peripheral nerves, we collected conditioned culture medium from hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cells, and found that it significantly promoted the repair of sensory neurons damaged by oxygen-glucose deprivation. The mRNA expression of trophic factors was highly expressed in hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cells. We performed RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis and found that miR-21-5p was enriched in hypoxia-pretreated extracellular vesicles of neural crest cells. Subsequently, to further clarify the role of hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cell extracellular vesicles rich in miR-21-5p in axonal growth and regeneration of sensory neurons, we used a microfluidic axonal dissociation model of sensory neurons in vitro, and found that hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cell extracellular vesicles promoted axonal growth and regeneration of sensory neurons, which was greatly dependent on loaded miR-21-5p. Finally, we constructed a miR-21-5p-loaded neural conduit to repair the sciatic nerve defect in rats and found that the motor and sensory functions of injured rat hind limb, as well as muscle tissue morphology of the hind limbs, were obviously restored. These findings suggest that hypoxia-pretreated neural crest extracellular vesicles are natural nanoparticles rich in miRNA-21-5p. miRNA-21-5p is one of the main contributors to promoting nerve regeneration by the neural crest cell secretome. This helps to explain the mechanism of action of the secretome and extracellular vesicles of neural crest cells in repairing damaged peripheral nerves, and also promotes the application of miR-21-5p in tissue engineering regeneration medicine.

2.
RSC Adv ; 14(21): 14894-14903, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720977

RESUMO

The use of mixed halide perovskites in the preparation of blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is considered to be the most effective and direct approach. However, the introduction of chlorine (Cl) element might raise stability issues in the system and lead to low efficiency, thereby impeding the development of deep blue light-emitting diodes with high efficiency and stability. Determining the alloy concentration and the atomic distribution of bromine-chlorine (Br-Cl) mixed systems is essential for further application of deep blue light-emitting diodes. In this work, we have systematically investigated the stability of bromine-chlorine (Br-Cl) mixed alloy systems in various substitution configurations using high-throughput theoretical calculations. Based on this, we have examined the relationship between configuration stability and three aspects: the type of octahedra, the orientation of the octahedra and the Pb-X-Pb distortion angle in the configuration.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730799

RESUMO

A novel DC-assisted fast hot-pressing (FHP) powder sintering technique was utilized to prepare Al/Diamond composites. Three series of orthogonal experiments were designed and conducted to explore the effects of sintering temperature, sintering pressure, and holding time on the thermal conductivity (TC) and sintering mechanism of an Al-50Diamond composite. Improper sintering temperatures dramatically degraded the TC, as relatively low temperatures (≤520 °C) led to the retention of a large number of pores, while higher temperatures (≥600 °C) caused unavoidable debonding cracks. Excessive pressure (≥100 MPa) induced lattice distortion and the accumulation of dislocations, whereas a prolonged holding time (≥20 min) would most likely cause the Al phase to aggregate into clusters due to surface tension. The optimal process parameters for the preparation of Al-50diamond composites by the FHP method were 560 °C-80 MPa-10 min, corresponding to a density and TC of 3.09 g cm-3 and 527.8 W m-1 K-1, respectively. Structural defects such as pores, dislocations, debonding cracks, and agglomerations within the composite strongly enhance the interfacial thermal resistance (ITR), thereby deteriorating TC performance. Considering the ITR of the binary solid-phase composite, the Hasselman-Johnson model can more accurately predict the TC of Al-50diamond composites for FHP technology under an optimal process with a 3.4% error rate (509.6 W m-1 K-1 to 527.8 W m-1 K-1). The theoretical thermal conductivity of the binary composites estimated by data modeling (Hasselman-Johnson Model, etc.) matches well with the actual thermal conductivity of the sintered samples using the FHP method.

5.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(7): 2388-2402, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725844

RESUMO

Metastasis is the leading cause of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. By mediating intercellular communication, exosomes exhibit considerable value in regulating tumor metastasis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are abundant in exosomes and participate in regulating tumor progression. However, it is poorly understood how the cancer-secreted exosomal lncRNAs affect CRC proliferation and metastasis. Here, by analyzing the public databases we identified a lncRNA SNHG3 and demonstrated that SNHG3 was delivered through CRC cells-derived exosomes to promote metastasis in CRC. Mechanistically, exosomal SNHG3 was internalized by CRC cells and afterward upregulated the expression of ß-catenin by facilitating the intranuclear transport of hnRNPC. Consequently, the RNA stability of ß-catenin was enhanced which led to the activation of EMT and metastasis of CRC cells. Our findings expand the oncogenic mechanisms of exosomal SNHG3 and identify it as a diagnostic marker for CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Exossomos , RNA Longo não Codificante , beta Catenina , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metástase Neoplásica , Animais , Camundongos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Camundongos Nus
6.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(7): 2370-2387, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725841

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration (IDD) is complex and multifactorial, with cellular senescence of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells and inflammation playing major roles in the progression of IDD. The stimulator of interferon genes (STING) axis is a key mediator of inflammation during infection, cellular stress, and tissue damage. Here, we present a progressive increase in STING in senescent NP cells with the degradation disorder. The STING degradation function in normal NP cells can prevent IDD. However, the dysfunction of STING degradation through autophagy causes the accumulation and high expression of STING in senescent NP cells as well as inflammation continuous activation together significantly promotes IDD. In senescent NP cells and intervertebral discs (IVDs), we found that STING autophagy degradation was significantly lower than that of normal NP cells and IVDs when STING was activated by 2'3'-cGAMP. Also, the above phenomenon was found in STINGgt/gt, cGAS-/- mice with models of age-induced, lumbar instability-induced IDD as well as found in the rat caudal IVD puncture models. Taken together, we suggested that the promotion of STING autophagy degradation in senescent NP Cells demonstrated a potential therapeutic modality for the treatment of IDD.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Senescência Celular , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Proteínas de Membrana , Núcleo Pulposo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagia/fisiologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/fisiologia , Ratos , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
7.
Toxicol Lett ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734220

RESUMO

The activation of pregnane X receptor (PXR) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) can induce liver enlargement. Recently, we reported that PXR or PPARα activation-induced hepatomegaly depends on yes-associated protein (YAP) signaling and is characterized by hepatocyte hypertrophy around the central vein area and hepatocyte proliferation around the portal vein area. However, it remains unclear whether PXR or PPARα activation-induced hepatomegaly can be reversed after the withdrawal of their agonists. In this study, we investigated the regression of enlarged liver to normal size following the withdrawal of PCN or WY-14643 (typical agonists of mouse PXR or PPARα) in C57BL/6 mice. The immunohistochemistry analysis of CTNNB1 and KI67 showed a reversal of hepatocyte size and a decrease in hepatocyte proliferation after the withdrawal of agonists. In details, the expression of PXR or PPARα downstream proteins (CYP3A11, CYP2B10, ACOX1, and CYP4A) and the expression of proliferation-related proteins (CCNA1, CCND1, and PCNA) returned to the normal levels. Furthermore, YAP and its downstream proteins (CTGF, CYR61, and ANKRD1) also restored to the normal states, which was consistent with the change in liver size. These findings demonstrate the reversibility of PXR or PPARα activation-induced hepatomegaly and provide new data for the safety of PXR and PPARα as drug targets.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(19): 10970-10980, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708787

RESUMO

Eleven alkaloids (1-11) including seven new ones, 1-7, were isolated from the solid fermentation of Aspergillus fumigatus VDL36, an endophytic fungus isolated from the leaves of Vaccinium dunalianum Wight (Ericaceae), a perennial evergreen shrub distributed across the Southwest regions of China, Myanmar, and Vietnam. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods. The isolates were evaluated for in vitro antifungal activities against five phytopathogenic fungi (Fusarium oxysporum, Coriolus versicolor, Fusarium solani, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium graminearum). As a result, the new compounds fumigaclavine I (1), 13-ethoxycyclotryprostatin A (5), 13-dehydroxycyclotryprostatin A (6), and 12ß-hydroxy-13-oxofumitremorgin C (7) exhibited antifungal activities with MIC values of 7.8-62.5 µg/mL which were comparable to the two positive controls ketoconazole (MIC = 7.8-31.25 µg/mL) and carbendazim (MIC = 1.95-7.8 µg/mL). Furthermore, compounds 1 and 5 demonstrated potent protective and curative effects against the tomato gray mold in vivo. Preliminary structure-activity relationships of the tested indole diketopiperazine alkaloids indicate that the introduction of a substituent group at position C-13 enhances their biological activities.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Aspergillus fumigatus , Endófitos , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Alcaloides/química , Aspergillus fumigatus/efeitos dos fármacos , Endófitos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , China , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(19): 24908-24919, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706177

RESUMO

Perovskite nanocrystal (PeNC) arrays are showing a promising future in the next generation of micro-light-emitting-diode (micro-LED) displays due to the narrow emission linewidth and adjustable peak wavelength. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) inkjet printing, with merits of high resolution, uniformity, versatility, and cost-effectiveness, is among the competent candidates for constructing PeNC arrays. However, the fabrication of red light-emitting CsPbBrxI(3-x) nanocrystal arrays for micro-LED displays still faces challenges, such as low brightness and poor stability. This work proposes a design for a red PeNC colloidal ink that is specialized for the EHD inkjet printing of three-dimensional PeNC arrays with enhanced luminescence and stability as well as being adaptable to both rigid and flexible substrates. Made of a mixture of PeNCs, polymer polystyrene (PS), and a nonpolar xylene solvent, the PeNC colloidal ink enables precise control of array sizes and shapes, which facilitates on-demand micropillar construction. Additionally, the inclusion of PS significantly increases the brightness and environmental stability. By adopting this ink, the EHD printer successfully fabricated full-color 3D PeNC arrays with a spatial resolution over 2500 ppi. It shows the potential of the EHD inkjet printing strategy for high-resolution and robust PeNC color conversion layers for micro-LED displays.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132234, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763239

RESUMO

Lignin, a renewable natural antioxidant and bacteriostat, holds promise as a versatile, cost-effective feed additive. However, traditional industrial lignin faces limitations, including low reactivity, poor uniformity, and unstable properties, necessitating chemical modification. Complex modification methods pose economic and toxicity challenges, so this study adopted a relatively simple alkali-catalyzed phenolization approach, using phenol, catechol, and pyrogallol to modify kraft lignin, and characterized the resulting products using various techniques. Subsequently, their antioxidant, antibacterial, adsorption properties for heavy metal ions and mycotoxins, growth-promoting properties, and antiviral abilities were assessed. The phenolation process led to lignin depolymerization and a notable increase in phenolic hydroxyl content, particularly in pyrogallol-phenolated lignin (Py-L), rising from 3.08 to 4.68 mmol/g. These modified lignins exhibited enhanced antioxidant activity, with over 99 % inhibition against E. coli and S. aureus, and remarkable adsorption capacities for heavy metal ions and mycotoxins. Importantly, Py-L improved the growth performance of mice and reduced influenza mortality. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations elucidated the mechanism behind the enhanced antioxidant properties. This study presents a promising avenue for developing versatile feed additives to address challenges related to animal feed antioxidant supplementation, bacterial control, and growth promotion.

11.
J Nutr ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laying hens undergo intensive metabolism and are vulnerable to cardiac insults. Past research demonstrated overt heart disorders of broiler chickens induced by dietary Se deficiency. OBJECTIVE: This study was to reveal effects and mechanism of dietary Se insufficiency on cardiac injuries of egg-type chicks in their early life. METHODS: White Leghorn chicks (0-day-old, female) were fed a corn-soy, Se-insufficient basal diet (BD, 0.05 mg Se/kg, n = 11) or the BD supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg (as sodium selenite, n = 8) for 35 days. Cardiac tissues were collected at the end of study for histology and to determine its relationship with heart Se contents, selenoprotein expression profiles, antioxidant and inflammatory status, and the Toll-like receptor 4/extracellular signal-regulated kinases/p38 map kinase/ C-Jun N-terminal kinase (TLR4/ERK/P38/JNK) pathway. RESULTS: Compared with those fed 0.35 mg Se/kg, chicks fed BD had significantly lower body weights and average daily gain, and 28% lower heart Se than Se-supplemented chicks, and developed cardiac mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltration, along with elevated (P < 0.05) serum levels of creatine kinase, aldolase, and interleukin-1. The BD decreased (P < 0.05) body weight and heart glutathione contents and expression of selenoproteins, but increased (P < 0.05) heart levels of malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species. These changes were associated with increased (P < 0.05) mRNA and (or) protein levels of cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenase-12, cytokines (IL-1ß), nuclear factor kappa B subunit (NF-κB), chemokines, and receptors (CCL20, CXCR1, CXCLI2), and increased (P < 0.1) TLR4/ERK /P38/JNK in the heart of Se-insufficient chicks. CONCLUSION: Dietary Se insufficiency induced infiltration of mononuclear inflammatory cells in the heart of egg-type chicks. This cardiac injury was mediated by decreased functional expressions of selenoproteins which resulted in apparent elevated oxidative stress and subsequent activations of the TLR4 pathway and NF-κB.

12.
Ophthalmology ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of repeated low-level red-light(RLRL) therapy combined with orthokeratology(Ortho-k) among the children who, despite undergoing Ortho-k treatment, exhibited an axial elongation of at least 0.50mm over 1 year. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, single-blind clinical trial (ClinicaTrials.gov,NCT04722874). PARTICIPANTS: Eligible children were aged 8-13 years with a cycloplegic spherical equivalent refraction of -1.00 to -5.00 diopters in the initial Ortho-k fitting examination and had annual axial length (AL) elongation ≥ 0.50 mm despite undergoing Ortho-k for 1 year. A total of 48 children were enrolled from March 2021 to January 2022, and the final follow-up was completed in March 2023. METHODS: Children were randomly assigned to the RLRL combined with Ortho-k(RCO) or the Ortho-k group in a 2:1 ratio. The Ortho-k group wore Ortho-k at least 8 hours per night, while the RCO group received daily RLRL therapy twice a day for 3 minutes in addition to Ortho-k wearing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was AL change measured at 12 months relative to baseline. The primary analysis was conducted in children who received the assigned intervention and completed at least 1 post-randomization follow-up using the modified intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 47(97.9%) children were included in the analysis (30 in the RCO group and 17 in the Ortho-k group). The mean axial elongation rate before the trial was 0.60mm/year in the RCO group and 0.61mm/year in the Ortho-k group. After 12 months following the intended intervention, the adjusted mean AL changes were -0.02mm(95% CI, -0.08 to +0.03 mm) in the RCO group and 0.27mm(0.19-0.34 mm) in the Ortho-k group. The adjusted mean difference in AL change was -0.29mm(-0.44 to -0.14mm) between the RCO and Ortho-k groups. The percentage of children achieving an uncorrected visual acuity greater than 20/25 was similar in the RCO (64.3%) and Ortho-k (65.5%) groups (Chi2 test, P=0.937). CONCLUSIONS: Combining RLRL therapy with Ortho-k may offer a promising approach to optimize axial elongation control among myopic children. This approach also potentially allows children to achieve satisfactory visual acuity, reducing the daytime dependence on corrective eyewear.

13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 670: 385-394, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772255

RESUMO

Solid-state lithium metal batteries (SSLMBs) are promising candidates for safe and high-energy-density next-generation applications. However, harmful interfacial decomposition and uneven Li deposition lead to poor ion transport, a short cycle life, and battery failure. Herein, we propose a novel poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based composite solid electrolyte (CSE) containing succinonitrile (SN) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs), which improves interface stability through a dual mechanism. (1) By anchoring bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) anions to ZnO, a reliable solid electrolyte interface (SEI) later with abundant LiF can be obtained to inhibit interface decomposition. (2) The immobilization of escaping SN molecules in the SEI layer by ZnO NPs promotes the self-polymerization of SN and facilitates charge transfer through the interface. As a result, the ion conductivity of the stainless steel-symmetrical battery reaches 1.1 × 10-4 S cm-1 at room temperature, and a LiFePO4 (LFP) full battery exhibits ultrahigh stability (800 cycles) at 0.5 C. Thus, the present study provides valuable insights for the development of advanced PEO-based SSLMBs.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732814

RESUMO

Fault diagnosis can improve the safety and reliability of diesel engines. An end-to-end method based on a multi-attention convolutional neural network (MACNN) is proposed for accurate and efficient diesel engine fault diagnosis. By optimizing the arrangement and kernel size of the channel and spatial attention modules, the feature extraction capability is improved, and an improved convolutional block attention module (ICBAM) is obtained. Vibration signal features are acquired using a feature extraction model alternating between the convolutional neural network (CNN) and ICBAM. The feature map is recombined to reconstruct the sequence order information. Next, the self-attention mechanism (SAM) is applied to learn the recombined sequence features directly. A Swish activation function is introduced to solve "Dead ReLU" and improve the accuracy. A dynamic learning rate curve is designed to improve the convergence ability of the model. The diesel engine fault simulation experiment is carried out to simulate three kinds of fault types (abnormal valve clearance, abnormal rail pressure, and insufficient fuel supply), and each kind of fault varies in different degrees. The comparison results show that the accuracy of MACNN on the eight-class fault dataset at different speeds is more than 97%. The testing time of the MACNN is much less than the machine running time (for one work cycle). Therefore, the proposed end-to-end fault diagnosis method has a good application prospect.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731886

RESUMO

The cerebrovascular endothelial cells with distinct characteristics line cerebrovascular blood vessels and are the fundamental structure of the blood-brain barrier, which is important for the development and homeostatic maintenance of the central nervous system. Cre-LoxP system-based spatial gene manipulation in mice is critical for investigating the physiological functions of key factors or signaling pathways in cerebrovascular endothelial cells. However, there is a lack of Cre recombinase mouse lines that specifically target cerebrovascular endothelial cells. Here, using a publicly available single-cell RNAseq database, we screened the solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1a4 (Slco1a4) as a candidate marker of cerebrovascular endothelial cells. Then, we generated an inducible Cre mouse line in which a CreERT2-T2A-tdTomato cassette was placed after the initiation codon ATG of the Slco1a4 locus. We found that tdTomato, which can indicate the endogenous Slco1a4 expression, was expressed in almost all cerebrovascular endothelial cells but not in any other non-endothelial cell types in the brain, including neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, pericytes, smooth muscle cells, and microglial cells, as well as in other organs. Consistently, when crossing the ROSA26LSL-EYFP Cre reporter mouse, EYFP also specifically labeled almost all cerebrovascular endothelial cells upon tamoxifen induction. Overall, we generated a new inducible Cre line that specifically targets cerebrovascular endothelial cells.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Células Endoteliais , Integrases , Animais , Camundongos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Integrases/metabolismo , Integrases/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Camundongos Transgênicos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/genética , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Proteína Vermelha Fluorescente
16.
Phytochemistry ; 223: 114120, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705265

RESUMO

Eleven previously undescribed sesquiterpenoids (8-18), one undescribed jasmonic acid derivative (35) and 28 known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Artemisia stolonifera. Undescribed compounds with their absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ECD calculation. Compound 8 was identified as a rare sesquiterpenoid featuring a rearranged 5/8 bicyclic ring system, whereas compound 17 was found to be an unprecedented monocyclic sesquiterpenoid with methyl rearrangement. Evaluation of biological activity showed that compounds 1-5 and 7 displayed cytotoxicity against six tumor cells. In the meantime, compounds 11, 12, 18 and 35 exhibited inhibitory effects against LPS-stimulated NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells and reduced the transcription of IL-6 and IL-1ß in a dose-dependent manner at 25, 50 and 100 µM. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory-based network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses revealed potential target proteins of 11, 12, 18 and 35.

17.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(5): 2113-2122, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence has shown that adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are an effective therapeutic approach for managing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, further elucidation is required to determine their underlying immunomodulatory effect on the mRNA expression of T helper cell-related transcription factors (TFs) and cytokine release in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). AIM: To investigate the impact of ADSCs on the mRNA expression of TFs and cytokine release in PBMCs from colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with severe COVID-19 (CRC+ patients). METHODS: PBMCs from CRC+ patients (PBMCs-C+) and age-matched CRC patients (PBMCs-C) were stimulated and cultured in the presence/absence of ADSCs. The mRNA levels of T-box TF TBX21 (T-bet), GATA binding protein 3 (GATA-3), RAR-related orphan receptor C (RORC), and forkhead box P3 (FoxP3) in the PBMCs were determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Culture supernatants were evaluated for levels of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-17A, and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Compared with PBMCs-C, PBMCs-C+ exhibited higher mRNA levels of T-bet and RORC, and increased levels of IFN-γ and IL-17A. Additionally, a significant decrease in FoxP3 mRNA and TGF-ß1, as well as an increase in T-bet/GATA-3, RORC/FoxP3, IFN-γ/IL-4, and IL-17A/TGF-ß1 ratios were observed in PBMCs-C+. Furthermore, ADSCs significantly induced a functional regulatory T cell (Treg) subset, as evidenced by an increase in FoxP3 mRNA and TGF-ß1 release levels. This was accompanied by a significant decrease in the mRNA levels of T-bet and RORC, release of IFN-γ and IL-17A, and T-bet/GATA-3, RORC/FoxP3, IFN-γ/IL-4, and IL-17A/TGF-ß1 ratios, compared with the PBMCs-C+alone. CONCLUSION: The present in vitro studies showed that ADSCs contributed to the immunosuppressive effects on PBMCs-C+, favoring Treg responses. Thus, ADSC-based cell therapy could be a beneficial approach for patients with severe COVID-19 who fail to respond to conventional therapies.

18.
Biodivers Data J ; 12: e122999, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765274

RESUMO

Background: Hainan Province is an island in the south of China and belongs to the Oriental Region. It has a unique geographical location and superior climatic conditions, providing a good living environment for Leuctridae insects. However, the species richness of the stonefly family Leuctridae in Hainan is low. Two species in total have been recorded, Rhopalopsolebawanglinga Li, Li & Yang, 2023 and Rhopalopsolehainana Li & Yang, 2010. New information: A new species of Leuctridae (Plecoptera) from Wuzhi Mountains, Hainan Province of south China, Rhopalopsolewuzhishana sp. nov. is described and illustrated. We summarised the Leuctridae in Hainan Province and provide supplemental description and colour plates of Rhopalopsolehainana Li & Yang, 2010.

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