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1.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-13, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223793

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial dysfunction is associated with the progress of many diseases. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) take part in the dysfunction of vascular endothelium. CircRNA hsa_circ_0008360 (circ_0008360) is dysregulated in high glucose-treated vascular endothelium, while the role and mechanism of circ_0008360 in high glucose-induced dysfunction remain unknown. Human umbilical vascular endothelium cells (HUVEC) were stimulated via high glucose. The abundances of circ_0008360, miR-186-5p and cyclin D2 (CCND2) were examined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Vascular endothelial dysfunction was assessed via cell viability, apoptosis, migration and tube formation. The target relationship between miR-186-5p and circ_0008360 or CCND2 was analyzed via dual-luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation analyses. Circ_0008360 expression was enhanced in high-glucose-treated HUVEC. Circ_0008360 silence mitigated high glucose-induced suppression of viability, migration, tube formation, and increase in apoptosis in HUVEC. MiR-186-5p was sponged by circ_0008360, and miR-186-5p inhibition reversed the effect of circ_0008360 silence on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. MiR-186-5p alleviated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via targeting CCND2. CCND2 interference abolished the aggravated effect of circ_0008360 on high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction. Circ_0008360 knockdown attenuated high glucose-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction via regulating miR-186-5p and CCND2, indicating circ_0008360 might act as a target for the treatment of vascular endothelial dysfunction.Abbreviations: circRNAs, circular RNAs; HUVEC, human umbilical vascular endothelium cells; CCND2, cyclin D2; XPNPEP3, X-prolyl aminopeptidase 3; ceRNAs, competing endogenous RNAs; miRNAs, microRNAs; qRT-PCR, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; RIP, RNA immunoprecipitation; HIF-1α, hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha; TLR3, toll-like receptor 3; AKAP12, A-Kinase Anchoring Protein 12; ox-LDL, oxidized low-density lipoprotein; HG, high glucose; NG, normal glucose.

2.
J Cell Biochem ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237164

RESUMO

Microtubules play crucial role in process of mitosis and cell proliferation, which have been considered as attractive drug targets for anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was to discover novel and chemically diverse tubulin inhibitors for treatment of cancer. In this investigation, the multilayer virtual screening methods, including common feature pharmacophore model, structure-based pharmacophore model and molecular docking, were developed to screen BioDiversity database with 30,000 compounds. A total of 102 compounds were obtained by the virtual screening, and further filtered by diverse chemical clusters with desired properties and PAINS analysis. Finally, 50 compounds were selected and submitted to the biological evaluation. Among these hits, hits 8 and 30 with novel scaffolds displayed stronger antiproliferative activity on four human tumor cells including Hela, A549, MCF-7, and HepG2. Moreover, the two hits were subsequently submitted to molecular dynamic simulations of 90 ns with the aim of exploring the stability of ligand-protein interactions into the binding pocket, and further probing the mechanism of the interaction between tubulin and hits. The molecular dynamic simulation results revealed there had stronger interactions between tubulin and hits in equilibrium state. Therefore, the hits 8 and 30 have been well characterized as lead compounds for developing new tubulin inhibitors with potential anticancer activity.

3.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(2): 375-383, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258936

RESUMO

This research investigates the characteristics of spontaneous brain activity in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients using the regional homogeneity technique. Sixteen patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy and 16 thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy patients without dysthyroid optic neuropathy were recruited, matched for weight, height, age, sex, and educational level. All participants underwent resting-state functional nuclear resonance imaging, and the characteristics of spontaneous brain activity were evaluated using the regional homogeneity technique. Each participant in the dysthyroid optic neuropathy group also completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare brain activity between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis evaluated the relationship between regional homogeneity and clinical manifestations in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and regional homogeneity. We found that the regional homogeneity values at the corpus callosum/cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe/middle frontal gyrus significantly decreased in dysthyroid optic neuropathy patients. Regional homogeneity values at the corpus callosum/cingulate gyrus and parietal lobe/middle frontal gyrus were negatively correlated with Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and disease duration. It was found that the regional homogeneity signal values were significantly lower than in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy without in dysthyroid optic neuropathy, which may indicate a risk of regional brain dysfunction in dysthyroid optic neuropathy. The results show that regional homogeneity has the potential for early diagnosis and prevent dysthyroid optic neuropathy. In addition, the findings suggest possible mechanisms of dysthyroid optic neuropathy optic nerve injury. They may provide a valuable basis for further research on the pathological mechanisms of dysthyroid optic neuropathy.

4.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 1099-1107, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischaemia caused by lower extremity artery stenosis is the main cause of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients with diabetes. Trimetazidine (TMZ) has traditionally been used as an anti-ischaemic drug for coronary artery disease. The effect of TMZ on PAD in a diabetic animal model and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: The db/db mice were challenged with femoral artery ligation (FAL), followed by TMZ treatment for 2 weeks. Scores on hindlimb ischaemia and function were evaluated. Histological and capillary density analyses of gastrocnemius were performed. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and myogenic regulators was also confirmed by Western blotting. We also detected serum intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) level through ELISA. RESULTS: Diabetic mice exhibited limb ulceration and motor dysfunction after FAL while TMZ-treated db/db mice exhibited milder ischaemic impairment. Furthermore, decreased capillary density in the gastrocnemius muscles of ischaemic hindlimb and reduced expressions of VEGF, myogenic markers, and serum ICAM-1 could be partially reversed by TMZ treatment. CONCLUSION: TMZ may alleviate hindlimb ischaemic damage in db/db mice, at least partly, through enhancing angiogenesis and promoting myogenesis in ischaemia region.Key messagesTMZ intervention could alleviate hindlimb ischaemic damage in db/db mice.TMZ intervention could enhance angiogenesis and stimulate myogenesis in ischaemia region.

5.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131331, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237501

RESUMO

Floating constructed wetlands (FCWs) have attained tremendous popularity for water purification purposes. However, FCW functions establishment in nutrients removal from carbon-limited wastewater, especially in cold weather, is still a challenge. Here, two drinking water treatment residual (DWTR) based biocarriers (B-I: DWTR cakes, B-II: DWTR cakes combined with woodchips) have been augmented into FCW to enhance the nutrients (N and P) removal performance. Compared to the traditional FCW, the intensified FCWs simultaneously achieved higher N and P removal efficiencies, with average pollutants removal of 52.16 ± 11.51% for TN and 92.72 ± 1.61% for TP in FCW-I and 57.65 ± 9.43% for TN and 92.17 ± 2.55% for TP in FCW-II, respectively, while their removal in FCW-III of 27.74 ± 7.11% for TN and 17.91 ± 9.27% for TP. B-II performed best in overcoming the negative influence of low temperature in nutrients removal. Mass balance budget indicated that most P was enriched in DWTR based biocarriers. Thus it is feasible to recycle and recover P from the surface water. Furthermore, P in the sediment can be changed from active P to stable P, mitigating the internal P release risk. This study can help to expand the understanding of the intensified FCWs and promote the practical application of FCWs.

6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6564-6576, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC) therapy can promote the improvement of clinical symptoms and lung function in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has not been verified by large-scale randomized controlled trials, only a few small sample studies. METHODS: English databases were searched using a combination of the following terms: "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease", "acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease", and "N-acetylcysteine". Studies examining NAC in the treatment of AECOPD were screened, so as to be a reference for the experimental group. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software (Cochrane, Northern Europe), with a total of 15 included literatures. RESULTS: The heterogeneity test of improvement rate showed Chi2=1.89, df=7, I2=0% <50%, and P=0.97 (>0.01); the risk rate was 1.09, the 95% confidence interval (CI) was (1.04-1.14), Z=3.93, and P<0.0001. The heterogeneity test of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) showed that Tau2=63.39, Chi2=118.66, df=9, I2=92% >50%, and P=0.88 (<0.0001); the mean difference was 30.63 (95% CI: 25.48-35.78), Z=11.65, and P<0.0001. The results of the heterogeneity test of forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) showed that Tau2=60.03, Chi2=74.09, df=5, I2=93% >50%, and P<0.0001; the mean difference was 30.42 (95% CI: 24.00-36.85), Z=9.28, and P<0.0001. The heterogeneity test for glutathione sulfur transferase (GSH-ST) activity showed that Tau2=4.12, Chi2=58.12, df=5, I2=91% >50%, and P<0.0001; the mean difference was 3.10 (95% CI: 1.38-4.82), Z=3.63, and P=0.0004. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis confirmed that NAC could promote the symptom improvement rate of patients with AECOPD, improve lung function in FEV1 and FEV1/FVC, and enhance the body's antioxidant capacity.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Europa (Continente) , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Testes de Função Respiratória
7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6793-6803, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was a meta-analysis on the efficacy of statins in the treatment of atherosclerosis. METHODS: The PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Sciences, and other Chinese and English databases were used to retrieve literature on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statins in the treatment of atherosclerosis, published from January 2000 to January 2021. The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Intervention 5.0.2 was used to conduct bias risk assessment, and Review Manager 5.3 software (RevMan) was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 12 articles with 1,180 participants were included in the meta-analysis. In the observation group, the plaque area [mean difference (MD) =-1.21; 95% confidence interval (CI): -2.03 to -0.38; Z =2.87; P=0.004], total cholesterol (TC) level (MD =-0.72; 95% CI: -1.01 to -0.43; Z =4.83; P<0.00001), triglyceride (TG) level (MD =-0.43; 95% CI: -0.76 to -0.09; Z =2.51; P=0.01), and the low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) level (MD =-0.79; 95% CI: -1.41 to -0.18; Z =2.54; P=0.01) were lower, while the clinical effective rate (MD =3.64; 95% CI: 1.39 to 9.53; Z =2.64; P=0.008) was higher, and the difference was notable. No notable difference was noted in intra-media thickness (IMT) (MD =-0.41; 95% CI: -0.88 to -0.06; Z =1.7; P=0.09), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level (MD =-1.61; 95% CI: -3.59 to 0.37; Z =1.7; P=0.09), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) level (MD =0.14; 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.30; Z =2.54; P=0.09) between the 2 groups. DISCUSSION: The use of statins in the treatment of atherosclerosis can reduce the levels of TC, TG, and LDL-C, mitigate clinical symptoms, and reduce blood lipids with good efficacy.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Lipoproteínas LDL
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263272

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have shown great potential for gas sensing applications due to their large specific surface areas and strong surface activities. In addition to the commonly reported chemiresistive-type gas sensors, field-effect transistor (FET)-type gas sensors have attracted increased attention due to their miniaturized size, low power consumption, and good compatibility with CMOS technology. In this review, we aim to discuss the recent developments in chemiresistive- and FET-type gas sensors based on 2D materials, including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, MXenes, black phosphorene, and other layered materials. Firstly, the device structure and the corresponding fabrication process of the two types of sensors are given, and then the advantages and disadvantages are also discussed. Secondly, the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on the sensing performance of 2D material-based chemiresistive and FET-type gas sensors are also detailed. Subsequently, the current gas-sensing applications of 2D material-based chemiresistive- and FET-type gas sensors are systematically presented. Finally, the future prospects of 2D materials in chemiresistive- and FET-type gas sensing applications as well as the current existing problems are pointed out, which could be helpful for the development of 2D material-based gas sensors with better sensing performance to meet the requirements for practical application.

9.
Immunol Lett ; 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228988

RESUMO

Lifelong immunosuppression use presents many serious side effects to transplant recipients. Previous studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) regulate the progress of inflammation and protect allograft function. However, the benefits of MSC combined with low-dose tacrolimus (FK506) has not been investigated in heart transplant recipients, and its mechanism deserves further investigation. SD Rat bone marrow-derived MSC were infused into recipient mouse (C57BL/6, B6) through the tail vein, followed by a BALB/c donor cervical ectopic heart transplantation on the next day of infusion. T-lymphocyte subsets and their functions were determined using flow cytometry, ELISA, and qPCR. Thereafter, in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to identify the mechanisms regarding MSC and FK506 combination (MF group) use in regulating IFN-γ signaling. MF group in the allogeneic heart transplantation mouse model inhibited acute rejection and prolonged mean survival time (MST) of grafts from 7 days (d) to 22d. Pathological examination of heart grafts suggested that inflammatory cell infiltration decreased, and tissue damage was significantly reduced in the MF group. IFN-γ mRNA expression levels in the grafts and recipients decreased, while IL-4 and TGF-ß mRNA expression increased in the MF group. Phosphorylation of TBK1/IRF3 in recipient immune cells decreased under donor antigen stimulation. Combination use of MSC and FK506 can prolong graft survival, possibly by down-regulating TBK1/IRF3 phosphorylation, thus reducing IFN-γ production to prevent infiltration of inflammatory cells in the graft and extend graft survival. The findings provide a potential new approach to immunosuppression selection.

10.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 263: 176-180, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognosis of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of micrognathia in the first trimester. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 3-year period, patients with fetal micrognathia were detected at the time of nuchal translucency screening. The medical records of these pregnancies were reviewed, including maternal demographics, sonographic findings, genetic testing results and pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Forty-three cases of first-trimester micrognathia were included in this study. Chromosomal abnormalities were detected in seven cases. Of the fetuses with a normal array, further investigation of monogenic disorders with whole-exome sequencing was undertaken in 13 cases. Monogenic syndromes were identified in eight cases, including six with de-novo dominant alleles and two with recessive conditions. Whole-exome sequencing was refused in 23 cases; among these, other additional anomalies were found on anatomic ultrasound in 10 cases. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that caution should be adopted when finding an apparently isolated micrognathia in early gestation, even with a normal array. A diagnosis of genetic syndrome or multiple anomalies on subsequent scans is most likely, and will affect the final prognosis.

11.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 155: 112409, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265366

RESUMO

Although circular RNAs (circRNAs) can function as microRNAs (miRNAs) sponges to participate in spermatogenesis, little is known about the functions of circRNAs in testis exposed to formaldehyde. In this study, twenty-four male SD rats (6-8 weeks) were randomly assigned to four groups, including a control group, 0.5, 2.46, and 5 mg/m3 formaldehyde exposure groups, inhaling formaldehyde for eight consecutive weeks. The RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of rno_circRNA_016194; the testicular injuries were observed by testicular histopathology. Our study illustrated up-regulated rno_circRNA_016194 was dose-dependent with formaldehyde. Simultaneously, the testicular histopathology showed an obvious damages in the 2.46 and 5 mg/m3 formaldehyde exposure rats. Combined with bioinformatics analysis, the rno-miR-449a-5p was predicted and verified that its expression decreased in the testis exposed to formaldehyde. Meanwhile, the testicular morphometry changes were contrary to the expression of rno_circRNA_016194 and consistent with rno-miR-449a-5p. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis also prompted the potential downstream target gene for rno_circRNA_016194/rno-miR-449a-5p was Atg4b, and Atg4b expression was up-regulated in rats exposed to formaldehyde verifying by Western blot. Collectively, the rno_circRNA_016194 might be involved in formaldehyde-induced male reproductive toxicity and become potential therapeutic targets for male occupational exposure to formaldehyde.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 796: 149023, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280639

RESUMO

Constructed wetlands (CWs) usually exhibit limits in functional redundancy and diversity of microbial community contributing to lower performances of nutrients removal in decentralized domestic sewage treatment. To address this quandary, heterotrophic nitrification-aerobic denitrification (HN-AD) bacteria was added in tidal flow CWs (TFCWs) developing for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) removal. With addition of HN-AD bacteria, TFCWs could be setup more rapidly and obtained better removal efficiencies of 66.9%-70.1% total nitrogen (TN), and 88.2%-92.4% total phosphorus (TP) comparing with control systems (TN: 53.9%; TP: 83.9%) during stable operation. Typical-cycles variations showed that TFCWs with addition of HN-AD bacteria promoted NO3--N and NH4+-N removal respectively under hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 14 h and 8 h with slight NO2--N accumulation. Activated alumina (AA) coupled with HN-AD bacteria decreased P release and relieved its poor removal performance in CWs. Based on metagenomic taxa and functional annotation, Pseudomonas and Thauera played pivotal roles in N removal in TFCWs. Furthermore, gradient oxic environments by 8 h-HRT promoted co-occurrence of heterotrophic nitrifiers (mostly Pseudomonas stutzeri) and autotrophic nitrifiers (mostly Nitrosomonas europaea. and Nitrospira sp.) which potentially accelerated NH4+-N transformation by elevated nitrification and denitrification related genes (e. g. amoABC, hao, napA and nirS genes). Meanwhile, the addition of HN-AD bacteria stimulated nirA and gltD genes of N assimilation processes probably leading to NH4+-N directly removal. The conceptual model of multi-metabolism regulation by HN-AD process highlighted importance of glk, gap2 and PK genes in glycolysis pathway which were vital drivers to nutrients metabolism. Overall, this study provides insights into how ongoing HN-AD bacteria-addition effected microbial consortia and metabolic pathways, serving theoretical basis for its engineered applications of TFCWs in decentralized domestic sewage treatment.

13.
Nucl Med Commun ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sublobar resection is suitable for peripheral cT1N0M0 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The traditional PET-CT criterion (lymph node size ≥1.0 cm or SUVmax ≥2.5) for predicting lymph nodes metastasis (LNM) has unsatisfactory performance. OBJECTIVE: We explore the clinical role of preoperative SUVmax and the size of the primary lesions for predicting peripheral cT1 NSCLC LNM. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 174 peripheral cT1 NSCLC patients underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET-CT and divided into the LNM and non-LNM group by pathology. We compared the differences of primary lesions' baseline characteristics between the two groups. The risk factors of LNM were determined by univariate and multivariate analysis, and we assessed the diagnostic efficacy with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value (NPV). RESULTS: Of the enrolled cases, the incidence of LNM was 24.7%. The preoperative SUVmax >6.3 or size >2.3 cm of the primary lesions were independent risk factors of peripheral cT1 NSCLC LNM (ORs, 95% CIs were 6.18 (2.40-15.92) and 3.03 (1.35-6.81). The sensitivity, NPV of SUVmax >6.3 or size >2.3 cm of the primary lesions were higher than the traditional PET-CT criterion for predicting LNM (100.0 vs. 86.0%, 100.0 vs. 89.7%). A Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed a goodness-of-fit (P = 0.479). CONCLUSIONS: The excellent sensitivity and NPV of preoperative of the SUVmax >6.3 or size >2.3 cm of the primary lesions based on 18F-FDG PET-CT might identify the patients at low-risk LNM in peripheral cT1 NSCLC.

14.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(6): 1887-1899, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227283

RESUMO

Plant serine carboxypeptidase-like acyltransferases (SCPL-AT) have similar structural characteristics and high homology compared to the serine carboxypeptidase. They can transfer the acyl from acyl glucose esters to many natural products, participate in the acylation modification of plant secondary metabolites, enrich the structural diversity of natural products, and improve the physicochemical properties such as water solubility and stability of compounds. This review summarizes the structural characteristics, catalytic mechanism, functional characterization, and biocatalytic applications of SCPL-AT from plants. This will help to promote the functional characterization of these acyltransferase genes and the biosynthesis of useful plant secondary metabolites by synthetic biotechnology.


Assuntos
Aciltransferases , Carboxipeptidases , Acilação , Aciltransferases/genética , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Carboxipeptidases/genética , Carboxipeptidases/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
15.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 241, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kimura's disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease and the etiology remains uncharacterized. The typical manifestations are painless lymph node or subcutaneous masses. There is currently no report of prominent renal interstitial injury and cardiac insufficiency in KD. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old man was referred to our hospital with dark urine, subcutaneous masses in forehead and right retroauricular, multiple lymphadenopathy and unexplained cardiac insufficiency. Renal biopsy demonstrated eosinophilic interstitial nephritis. Laboratory tests revealed eosinophilia and a high level of serum IgE. A biopsy of cervical lymph node was performed and KD was diagnosed. Treatment with oral prednisone resulted in a decrease of eosinophil, serum IgE, improvement of cardiac function, and regression of the subcutaneous mass. CONCLUSIONS: We describe an extremely rare KD case presenting with eosinophilic interstitial nephritis, cardiac insufficiency and significant response to prednisone. The clinicians should improve the disease awareness and find optimal treatment.

16.
J Bioenerg Biomembr ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251583

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the main cause of death in the whole world. This study aimed to investigate whether forkhead box O4 (FoxO4) could negatively modulate ubiquitin specific peptidase 10 (USP10) transcription to aggravate the apoptosis and oxidative stress of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocytes through Hippo/YAP pathway. mRNA expression as well as protein expressions of USP10 and FoxO4 in H9C2 cells after H/R induction or transfection were respectively detected by Reverse transcription-quantitative (RT-q) PCR analysis and Western blot. The viability and apoptosis of H9C2 cells after H/R induction or transfection were respectively detected by CCK-8 and TUNEL assays. The expressions of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in H9C2 cells after H/R induction or transfection were analyzed using appropriate kits and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected using a ROS Assay Kit. Dual luciferase reporter assay and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) have adopted to confirm the combination of USP10 and FoxO4. Western blot was also used to analyze the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and Hippo/YAP pathway-related proteins. As a result, USP10 expression was decreased in H/R-induced H9C2 cells in a time-dependent manner. USP10 overexpression increased the viability and suppressed the apoptosis and oxidative stress of H/R-induced H9C2 cells. In addition, FoxO4 modulated USP10 transcription. FoxO4 expression was increased in H9C2 cells induced by H/R. FoxO4 overexpression could reverse the protective effects of USP10 overexpression on H/R-induced H9C2 cells by regulating the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway. In conclusion, FoxO4 negatively modulated USP10 transcription to aggravate the apoptosis and oxidative stress of H/R-induced H9C2 cells via blocking Hippo/YAP pathway.

17.
Sci Adv ; 7(27)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215577

RESUMO

Live woody vegetation is the largest reservoir of biomass carbon, with its restoration considered one of the most effective natural climate solutions. However, terrestrial carbon fluxes remain the largest uncertainty in the global carbon cycle. Here, we develop spatially explicit estimates of carbon stock changes of live woody biomass from 2000 to 2019 using measurements from ground, air, and space. We show that live biomass has removed 4.9 to 5.5 PgC year-1 from the atmosphere, offsetting 4.6 ± 0.1 PgC year-1 of gross emissions from disturbances and adding substantially (0.23 to 0.88 PgC year-1) to the global carbon stocks. Gross emissions and removals in the tropics were four times larger than temperate and boreal ecosystems combined. Although live biomass is responsible for more than 80% of gross terrestrial fluxes, soil, dead organic matter, and lateral transport may play important roles in terrestrial carbon sink.

18.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-19, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high power short duration (HPSD) approach was hoped to further improve the efficacy and safety in radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), compared with Low power long duration (LPLD). However, the conclusion was controversial based on the previous limited data. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate whether the clinical benefits of HPSD are superior to that of LPLD. METHODS: The PubMed, OVID, the Cochrane Library, and Elsevier's ScienceDirect databases were searched for clinical studies to compare HPSD and LPLD approach by simple search strings benefiting to a wider screened scope. RESULTS: Fifteen trials with 3255 patients were included in this analysis. Pooled analyses suggested that HPSD was associated with a lower recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATAs) at 1-year follow-up (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.67, p < .0001), benefitted from AF recurrence reduced (OR: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.31 to 0.67, p < .0001), rather than atrial tachycardia/atrial flutter (AT/AFL), but similar at 6 months follow-up, with a decreased oesophageal thermal injury (ETI) (OR: 0.48; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.77, p = .002). Meanwhile, the HPSD approach benefitted to increase first-pass pulmonary vein isolation (FPI) (OR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.64, p < .00001) and decrease acute pulmonary vein re-isolation (PVR) (OR: 0.45; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.58, p < .00001), both mainly embodied in left pulmonary veins (PVs). HPSD showed a decreased procedural time (SMD: -0.95; 95% CI: -1.06 to -0.85, p < .00001), ablation number for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) (SMD: -0.41; 95% CI: -0.58 to -0.24, p < .00001) and fluoroscopy time (SMD: -0.22; 95% CI: -0.32 to -0.12, p < .0001), which benefits from PVI + additional ablation strategy (SMD: -0.33; 95% CI: -0.46 to -0.21, p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The HPSD approach was associated with decreasing post-ablation AF recurrence in the 1-year follow-up, ETI, acute PVR (increasing FPI correspondingly), procedural time, ablation number for PVI and fluoroscopy time, benefitted to improve clinical outcomes and procedural process with improved safety.

19.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202823

RESUMO

Little is known about which currently available a priori dietary indexes provide best guidance for reducing cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) among hyperlipidemic patients. This study was designed to compare the associations between four a priori dietary indexes, including Diet Balance Index (DBI-16), Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI), Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and CMRF among hyperlipidemic patients. A total of 269 participants were enrolled into the cross-sectional study. DBI-16, CHEI, MDS, and DASH scores were calculated using established methods. CMRF was measured using standard methods. DBI-total scores (DBI-TS) were inversely associated with triglyceride concentrations and TC:HDL-C ratio, and positively associated with HDL-C and ApoA1 concentrations (all p < 0.05), while the results for DBI-low bound scores (DBI-LBS) were opposite. DBI-high bound scores (DBI-HBS) and DASH scores were positively and inversely associated with glucose concentrations, respectively (both p < 0.05). Higher diet quality distance (DQD) was positively associated with higher TC, LDL-C and ApoB concentrations, and TC:HDL-C and LDL-C:HDL-C ratios, and lower HDL-C and ApoA1 concentrations and ApoA1:ApoB ratio (all p < 0.05). CHEI scores were inversely associated with triglyceride concentrations (p = 0.036). None of the dietary indexes was associated with blood pressures. DBI-16 provided most comprehensive evaluations of the overall diet quality and balance for optimizing cardiometabolic health among hyperlipidemic individuals.

20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 679571, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195100

RESUMO

Brucella, a notorious intracellular pathogen, causes chronic infections in many mammals, including humans. The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway transports folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane; protein substrates translocated by Brucella include ABC transporters, oxidoreductases, and cell envelope biosynthesis proteins. Previously, we showed that a Tat mutant of Brucella melitensis M28 exhibits reduced survival within murine macrophages. In this study, we compared the host responses elicited by wild-type M28 and its Tat-mutant strains ex vivo. We utilized label-free quantitative proteomics to assess proteomic changes in RAW264.7 macrophages after infection with M28 and its Tat mutants. A total of 6085 macrophage proteins were identified with high confidence, and 79, 50, and 99 proteins were differentially produced upon infection with the Tat mutant at 4, 24, and 48 hpi, respectively, relative to the wild-type infection. Gene ontology and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that immune response-related proteins were enriched among the upregulated proteins. Compared to the wild-type M28 infection, the most upregulated proteins upon Tat-mutant infection included the cytosolic nucleic acid signaling pathway-related proteins IFIH1, DHX58, IFI202, IFI204, and ISG15 and the NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins PTGS2, CD40, and TRAF1, suggesting that the host increases the production of these proteins in response to Tat mutant infection. Upregulation of some proteins was further verified by a parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) assay. ELISA and qRT-PCR assays indicated that Tat mutant infection significantly induced proinflammatory cytokine (TNF-α and IL-6) and nitric oxide (NO) production. Finally, we showed that the Tat mutant displays higher sensitivity to nitrosative stress than the wild type and that treatment with the NO synthase inhibitor L-NMMA significantly increases the intracellular survival of the Tat mutant, indicating that NO production contributes to restricting Tat mutant survival within macrophages. Collectively, this work improves our understanding of host immune responses to Tat mutants and provides insights into the mechanisms underlying the attenuated virulence of Tat mutants.


Assuntos
Brucella melitensis , Brucelose , Animais , Arginina , Humanos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Proteômica
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