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1.
Antib Ther ; 5(3): 164-176, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928456

RESUMO

Targeted cancer therapies using immunotoxins have achieved remarkable efficacy in hematological malignancies. However, the clinical development of immunotoxins is also faced with many challenges like anti-drug antibodies and dose-limiting toxicity issues. Such a poor efficacy or safety ratio is also the major hurdle in the research and development of antibody-drug conjugates. From an antibody engineering perspective, various strategies were summarized or proposed to tackle the notorious on-target off-tumor toxicity issues, including passive strategy (XTENylation of immunotoxins) and active strategies (modulating the affinity and valency of the targeting moiety of immunotoxins, conditionally activating immunotoxins in the tumor microenvironments and reconstituting split toxin to reduce systemic toxicity, etc.). By modulating the functional characteristics of the targeting moiety and the toxic moiety of immunotoxins, selective tumor targeting can be augmented while sparing the healthy cells in normal tissues expressing the same target of interest. If successful, the improved therapeutic index will likely help to address the dose-limiting toxicities commonly observed in the clinical trials of various immunotoxins.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931861

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a global problem that brings a heavy burden to both patients and society. Recent investigations indicated degenerative disease is taking an increasing part in SCI with the growth of the aging population. However, little insight has been gained about the effect of cervical degenerative disease on the spinal cord during dynamic activities. In this work, a dynamic fluid-structure interaction model was developed and validated to investigate the effect of anterior and posterior encroachment caused by degenerative disease on the spinal cord during normal extension and flexion. Maximum von-Mises stress and maximum principal strain were observed at the end of extension and flexion. The abnormal stress distribution caused by degenerative factors was concentrated in the descending tracts of the spinal cord. Our finding indicates that the excessive motion of the cervical spine could potentially exacerbate spinal cord injury and enlarge injury areas. Stress and strain remained low compared to extension during moderate flexion. This suggests that patients with cervical degenerative disease should avoid frequent or excessive flexion and extension which could result in motor function impairment, whereas moderate flexion is safe. Besides, encroachment caused by degenerative factors that are not significant in static imaging could also cause cord compression during normal activities.

3.
Foot Ankle Int ; : 10711007221115188, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reconstruction after en bloc resection of the distal tibia has remained an unsettled issue despite many attempts with bone grafts or prostheses in the past. Failures of the previous methods have been attributed to inadequate mechanical strength, poor articular stability, failed osseointegration, and poor soft tissue coverage. To overcome these shortcomings, we designed and applied a 3D-printed megaprosthesis with ankle arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 13 patients underwent resection of a distal tibial tumor and reconstruction with a 3D-printed distal tibial megaprosthesis between January 2017 and November 2020. Mean age was 14.9±6.5 years. Diagnoses included 11 cases of osteosarcoma and 1 case each of low-grade phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma. Baseline characteristics, operative data, complication profiles, and oncologic, and functional outcomes were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: All 13 cases attained a wide or marginal resection. During a mean follow-up of 26.8±10.6 months, 1 patient experienced local recurrence and distant metastasis, whereas 3 other patients only developed distant metastasis. Periprosthetic infection subsequent to paronychia occurred in 1 patient 24 months after the operation. No other complications were observed. By the last follow-up, the mean MSTS-93 score was 28.0±1.5. CONCLUSION: In this relatively small cohort with short-term follow-up, reconstruction with the 3D-printed megaprosthesis with ankle arthrodesis was found to be a safe and efficacious method after resection of a distal tibial malignancy.

4.
Genome Biol ; 23(1): 165, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to post-cleavage residence of the Cas9-sgRNA complex at its target, Cas9-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) have to be exposed to engage DSB repair pathways. Target interaction of Cas9-sgRNA determines its target binding affinity and modulates its post-cleavage target residence duration and exposure of Cas9-induced DSBs. This exposure, via different mechanisms, may initiate variable DNA damage responses, influencing DSB repair pathway choices and contributing to mutational heterogeneity in genome editing. However, this regulation of DSB repair pathway choices is poorly understood. RESULTS: In repair of Cas9-induced DSBs, repair pathway choices vary widely at different target sites and classical nonhomologous end joining (c-NHEJ) is not even engaged at some sites. In mouse embryonic stem cells, weakening the target interaction of Cas9-sgRNA promotes bias towards c-NHEJ and increases target dissociation and reduces target residence of Cas9-sgRNAs in vitro. As an important strategy for enhancing homology-directed repair, inactivation of c-NHEJ aggravates off-target activities of Cas9-sgRNA due to its weak interaction with off-target sites. By dislodging Cas9-sgRNA from its cleaved targets, DNA replication alters DSB end configurations and suppresses c-NHEJ in favor of other repair pathways, whereas transcription has little effect on c-NHEJ engagement. Dissociation of Cas9-sgRNA from its cleaved target by DNA replication may generate three-ended DSBs, resulting in palindromic fusion of sister chromatids, a potential source for CRISPR/Cas9-induced on-target chromosomal rearrangements. CONCLUSIONS: Target residence of Cas9-sgRNA modulates DSB repair pathway choices likely through varying dissociation of Cas9-sgRNA from cleaved DNA, thus widening on-target and off-target mutational spectra in CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Edição de Genes , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , DNA , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Reparo do DNA , Edição de Genes/métodos , Camundongos
7.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918174

RESUMO

MgI2-catalyzed nucleophilic ring-opening reactions of donor-acceptor cyclopropanes with indoline-2-thiones as easy-to-handle sulfur nucleophiles were investigated. A series of functionalized γ-indolylthio butyric acid derivatives were synthesized in good to excellent yields under mild reaction conditions. Furthermore, the thioether functionalized ring-opening products could be transformed to sulfone and methionine analogues.

8.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1221: 340157, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934384

RESUMO

The total amount of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in human serum is an important parameter in diagnosing allergies. To reduce the false diagnosis of allergies and better assist in therapy, clinical studies can be performed to obtain accurate and reliable measurements of IgE. A magnetic beads (MBs)-based ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for total IgE measurement and the diagnosis of food allergies in serum was developed in this study. First, IgE was extracted by MBs coupled with anti-IgE antibody from serum. The extracted IgE was quantified by a specific signal peptide after digestion. A spiked linear IgE concentration ranging from 400 to 5000 ng mL-1 was used for quantification. The limits of detection and quantification were 400 ng mL-1 and 800 ng mL-1, respectively, for the developed method. Additionally, the combined capacity of the extracted IgE with different allergic proteins was evaluated by a binding experiment in vitro. The combining capacity of IgE with different allergens was used to speculate the kind of allergens that induce allergies in patients. Overall, a new method was developed that could be used to quantify the amount of IgE and simultaneously diagnose which allergen causes an allergic reaction, and this method may provide a powerful new tool in the clinical detection of allergies. Moreover, the developed method was applied to analyze IgE in four samples of patient serum and four serum samples from healthy individuals.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Alérgenos , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina E , Fenômenos Magnéticos
10.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943836

RESUMO

Gravity-induced root curvature involves the asymmetric distribution of the phytohormone auxin. This response depends on the concerted activities of the auxin transporters such as PIN-FORMED (PIN) proteins for auxin efflux and AUXIN RESISTANT 1 (AUX1) for auxin influx. However, how the auxin gradient is established remains elusive. Here we identified a new mutant with a short root, strong auxin distribution in the lateral root cap and an impaired gravitropic response. The causal gene encoded an Arabidopsis homolog of the human unconventional prefoldinRPB5 interactor (URI). AtURI interacted with prefoldin 2 (PFD2) and PFD6, two ß-type PFD members that modulate actin and tubulin patterning in roots. The auxin reporter DR5 rev :GFP showed that asymmetric auxin redistribution after gravistimulation is disordered in aturi-1 root tips. Treatment with the endomembrane protein trafficking inhibitor brefeldin A indicated that recycling of the auxin transporter PIN2 is disrupted in aturi-1 roots as well as in pfd mutants. We propose that AtURI cooperates with PFDs to recycle PIN2 and modulate auxin distribution. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Int J Mol Med ; 50(4)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929517

RESUMO

Adequate regulation of the speed of follicular development has been reported to prolong the reproductive life of the ovary. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential effects and mechanism of the Ca2+/calmodulin­dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) pathway on the development of ovarian follicle. In the present study, the expression of CaMKII was measured in the ovary of mice at different developmental stages by immunofluorescence, confirming that CaMKII has a role in follicular development. Subsequently, the 17.5 days post­coitus (dpc) embryonic ovaries were collected and cultured with KN93 for 4 days in vitro. It was revealed that KN93 inhibited the development of follicles, where it reduced the expression levels of oocyte and granulosa cell markers DEAD­box helicase 4 (DDX4) and forkhead box L2 (FOXL2). These results suggested that KN93 could delay follicular development. Proteomics technology was then used to find that 262 proteins of KN93 treated 17.5 dpc embryonic ovaries were significantly altered after in vitro culture. Bioinformatics analysis was used to analyze these altered proteins. In total, four important Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome pathways, namely steroid biosynthesis, p53 signaling pathway and retinol metabolism and metabolic pathways, were particularly enriched. Further analysis revealed that the upregulated proteins NADP­dependent steroid dehydrogenase­like (Nsdhl), lanosterol synthase (Lss), farnesyl­diphosphate farnesyltransferase 1 (Fdft1), cytochrome P450 family 51 family A member 1 (Cyp51a1), hydroxymethylglutaryl­CoA synthase 1 (Hmgcs1), fatty acid synthase (Fasn) and dimethylallyltranstransferase (Fdps) were directly interacting with each other in the four enriched pathways. In summary, the potential mechanism of KN93 in slowing down follicular development most likely lies in its inhibitory effects on CaMKII, which upregulated the expression of Nsdhl, Lss, Fdft1, Cyp51a1, Hmgcs1, Fasn and Fdps. This downregulated the expression of oocyte and granulosa cell markers DDX4 and FOXL2 in the follicles, thereby delaying follicular development. Overall, these results provide novel insight into the potential mechanism by which KN93 and CaMKII can delay follicular development.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina , Folículo Ovariano , 3-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Animais , Benzilaminas , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Camundongos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas
12.
Chemosphere ; : 135899, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934099

RESUMO

Zeolites have widely been studied due to the better performance as catalysts and supports. However, the zeolites with only micropores have drawbacks in reactivity and selectivity due to limitation of diffusivity. The hollow zeolite fibers (HZF) with hierarchical porosity however can overcome the problem. The HZF can be synthesized by such methods as incorporated substrate removal method, solid-solid transformation method, co-axial electrospinning technology, dry-wet spinning and hollow fiber incorporation method. The unique hierarchical porous structure leads to the great improvement in the diffusion efficiency of reactants. The catalytic zeolite membrane fibers are the most commonly used as they have stronger catalyst stability and higher catalytic selectivity. The HZFs are suitable in catalytic applications such as selective catalysis, CO preferential oxidation, air purification and wastewater treatment. In order that the HZFs can be applied to industrial operations, more research work should be carried out, such as developments of self-assembly pure HZFs, catalytic substrate incorporated HZFs, HZFs with gradient multicomponent zeolites and HZFs with nanoscale diameters.

13.
Front Surg ; 9: 860806, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937602

RESUMO

Purpose: Ferroptosis-related lncRNAs are promising biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of many cancers. However, a ferroptosis-related signature to predict the prognosis of cutaneous melanoma (CM) has not been identified. The purpose of this study was to construct a ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature to predict prognosis and immunotherapy efficacy in CM. Methods: Ferroptosis-related differentially expressed genes (FDEGs) and lncRNAs (FDELs) were identified using TCGA, GTEx, and FerrDb datasets. We performed Cox and LASSO regressions to identify key FDELs, and constructed a risk score to stratify patients into high- and low-risk groups. The lncRNA signature was evaluated using the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) and Kaplan-Meier analyses in the training, testing, and entire cohorts. Multivariate Cox regression analyses including the lncRNA signature and common clinicopathological characteristics were performed to identify independent predictors of overall survival (OS). A nomogram was developed for clinical use. We performed gene set enrichment analyses (GSEA) to identify significantly enriched pathways. Differences in the tumor microenvironment (TME) between the 2 groups were assessed using 7 algorithms. To predict the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), we analyzed the association between PD1 and CTLA4 expression and the risk score. Finally, differences in Tumor Mutational Burden (TMB) and molecular drugs Sensitivity between the 2 groups were performed. Results: We identified 5 lncRNAs (AATBC, AC145423.2, LINC01871, AC125807.2, and AC245041.1) to construct the risk score. The AUC of the lncRNA signature was 0.743 in the training cohort and was validated in the testing and entire cohorts. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed that the high-risk group had poorer prognosis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that the lncRNA signature was an independent predictor of OS with higher accuracy than traditional clinicopathological features. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival probabilities for CM patients were 92.7%, 57.2%, and 40.2% with an AUC of 0.804, indicating a good accuracy and reliability of the nomogram. GSEA showed that the high-risk group had lower ferroptosis and immune response. TME analyses confirmed that the high-risk group had lower immune cell infiltration (e.g., CD8+ T cells, CD4+ memory-activated T cells, and M1 macrophages) and lower immune functions (e.g., immune checkpoint activation). Low-risk patients whose disease expressed PD1 or CTLA4 were likely to respond better to ICIs. The analysis demonstrated that the TMB had significantly difference between low- and high- risk groups. Chemotherapy drugs, such as sorafenib, Imatinib, ABT.888 (Veliparib), Docetaxel, and Paclitaxel showed Significant differences in the estimated IC50 between the two risk groups. Conclusion: Our novel ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature was able to accurately predict the prognosis and ICI outcomes of CM patients. These ferroptosis-related lncRNAs might be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for CM.

14.
Front Nutr ; 9: 918576, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938107

RESUMO

Background: Individual lifestyle varies in the real world, and the comparative efficacy of lifestyles to preserve renal function remains indeterminate. We aimed to systematically compare the effects of lifestyles on chronic kidney disease (CKD) incidence, and establish a lifestyle scoring system for CKD risk identification. Methods: Using the data of the UK Biobank cohort, we included 470,778 participants who were free of CKD at the baseline. We harnessed the light gradient boosting machine algorithm to rank the importance of 37 lifestyle factors (such as dietary patterns, physical activity (PA), sleep, psychological health, smoking, and alcohol) on the risk of CKD. The lifestyle score was calculated by a combination of machine learning and the Cox proportional-hazards model. A CKD event was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2, mortality and hospitalization due to chronic renal failure, and self-reported chronic renal failure, initiated renal replacement therapy. Results: During a median of the 11-year follow-up, 13,555 participants developed the CKD event. Bread, walking time, moderate activity, and vigorous activity ranked as the top four risk factors of CKD. A healthy lifestyle mainly consisted of whole grain bread, walking, moderate physical activity, oat cereal, and muesli, which have scored 12, 12, 10, 7, and 7, respectively. An unhealthy lifestyle mainly included white bread, tea >4 cups/day, biscuit cereal, low drink temperature, and processed meat, which have scored -12, -9, -7, -4, and -3, respectively. In restricted cubic spline regression analysis, a higher lifestyle score was associated with a lower risk of CKD event (p for linear relation < 0.001). Compared to participants with the lifestyle score < 0, participants scoring 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, and >60 exhibited 25, 42, 55, and 70% lower risk of CKD event, respectively. The C-statistic of the age-adjusted lifestyle score for predicting CKD events was 0.710 (0.703-0.718). Conclusion: A lifestyle scoring system for CKD prevention was established. Based on the system, individuals could flexibly choose healthy lifestyles and avoid unhealthy lifestyles to prevent CKD.

15.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(15)2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35953918

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii, a worldwide distributed apicomplexan protozoan, can infect almost all warm-blooded animals and may cause toxoplasmosis. In order to provide a point-of-care detection method for T. gondii infection, an immunochromatographic test (ICT) was established. The proposed test uses recombinant T. gondii rhoptry protein 14 (ROP14) conjugated with 20 nm gold particles, recombinant protein A as the detection line and monoclonal antibody TgROP14-5D5 as the control line. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and stability of this new ICT were evaluated. rTgROP14 was specifically recognized by positive serum of T. gondii but not negative serum. mAb TgROP14-5D5 showed higher specific recognition of T. gondii antigens and was therefore selected for subsequent colloidal gold strip construction. The new ICT based on TgROP14 exhibited good diagnostic performance with high specificity (86.9%) and sensitivity (90.9%) using IHA as a "reference standard". Among 436 field porcine sera, ICT and IHA detected 134 (30.7%) and 99 (22.7%) positive samples, respectively. The relative agreement was 87.8%. These data indicate that this new ICT based on TgROP14 is a suitable candidate for routine testing of T. gondii in the field.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(23): 2569-2581, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related hepatocyte apoptosis is responsible for multiple hepatic diseases. Previous studies have revealed that endoplasmic reticulophagy (ER-phagy) promotes the selective clearance of damaged ER fragments during ER stress, playing a crucial role in maintaining ER homeostasis and inhibiting apoptosis. Family with sequence similarity 134 member B (FAM134B) is a receptor involved in ER-phagy that can form a complex with calnexin (CNX) and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3). The complex can mediate the selective isolation of ER fragments to attenuate hepatocyte apoptosis. However, the precise regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. AIM: To elucidate the effect of FAM134B-mediated ER-phagy on ER stress-induced apoptosis in buffalo rat liver 3A (BRL-3A) rat hepatocytes and the potential regulatory mechanisms. METHODS: ER stress-related hepatocyte apoptosis was induced using dithiothreitol (DTT). Proteins related to ER stress and autophagy were measured with western blotting. Protein complex interactions with FAM134B were isolated by co-immunoprecipitation. ER-phagy was evaluated in immunofluorescence experiments. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial Ca2+ levels were evaluated by the co-localization of intracellular Ca2+-tracker and Mito-tracker. The small interfering RNA against FAM134B was used to knockdown FAM134B in BRL-3A cells. RESULTS: ER stress-related and autophagy-related proteins in BRL-3A cells were elevated by both short and long-term DTT treatment. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation confirmed an interaction between FAM134B, CNX, FAM134B, and LC3 in BRL-3A cells. Immunofluorescence assays revealed that autolysosomes significantly decreased following short-term DTT treatment, but increased after long-term treatment. Mitochondrial Ca2+ levels and apoptotic rates were dramatically elevated, and more cells were arrested in the G1 stage after short-term DTT treatment; however, these decreased 48 h later. Moreover, FAM134B downregulation accelerated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway activation and aggravated hepatocyte apoptosis under ER stress. CONCLUSION: FAM134B-mediated ER-phagy attenuates hepatocyte apoptosis by suppressing the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Our findings provide new evidence highlighting the importance of FAM134B-mediated ER-phagy in attenuating hepatocyte apoptosis.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Retículo Endoplasmático , Animais , Apoptose , Autofagia/fisiologia , Ditiotreitol/farmacologia , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Hepatócitos , Ratos
17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 824955, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958403

RESUMO

Background: Platelet-related parameters and HDL-C have been regarded as reliable and alternative markers of coronary heart disease (CHD) and the independent predictors of cardiovascular outcomes. PDW is a simple platelet index, which increases during platelet activation. Whether the PDW/HDL-C ratio predicts major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients who complained of chest pain and confirmed coronary artery calcification remains to be investigated. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the PDW/HDL-C ratio in patients with chest pain symptoms and coronary artery calcification. Methods: A total of 5,647 patients with chest pain who underwent coronary computer tomography angiography (CTA) were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to their PDW/HDL-C ratio or whether the MACCE occurs. The primary outcomes were new-onset MACCEs, defined as the composite of all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, revascularization, malignant arrhythmia, and severe heart failure. Results: All patients had varying degrees of coronary calcification, with a mean CACS of 97.60 (22.60, 942.75), and the level of CACS in the MACCEs group was significantly higher than that in non-MACCE (P<0.001). During the 89-month follow-up, 304 (5.38%) MACCEs were recorded. The incidence of MACCEs was significantly higher in patients with the PDW/HDL-C ratio > 13.33. The K-M survival curves showed that patients in the high PDW/HDL-C ratio group had significantly lower survival rates than patients in the low PDW/HDL-C ratio group (log-rank test: P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis reveals that the PDW/HDL ratio was an independent predictor of MACCEs (HR: 1.604, 95% CI: 1.263-2.035; P < 0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that participants with a lower PDW/HDL-C ratio had a higher risk of MACCEs than those in the higher ratio group. The incidence of MACCEs was also more common in the PDW/HDL-C ratio > 13.33 group among different severities of coronary artery calcification. Furthermore, adding the PDW/HDL-C ratio to the traditional prognostic model for MACCEs improved C-statistic (P < 0.001), the NRI value (11.3% improvement, 95% CI: 0.018-0.196, P = 0.01), and the IDI value (0.7% improvement, 95% CI: 0.003-0.010, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The higher PDW/HDL-C ratio was independently associated with the increasing risk of MACCEs in patients with chest pain symptoms and coronary artery calcification. In patients with moderate calcification, mild coronary artery stenosis, and CAD verified by CTA, the incidence of MACCEs increased significantly in the PDW/HDL-C ratio > 13.33 group. Adding the PDW/HDL-C ratio to the traditional model provided had an incremental prognostic value for MACCEs.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961020

RESUMO

The cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay has proven to be a reliable technique for biological dosimetry. This study aimed to establish the dose-response curve for X-ray-induced micronucleus. Peripheral blood samples from three healthy donors were irradiated with various doses and scoring criteria by the micronuclei (MN) in binucleated cells. The results showed that the frequency of MN increased with the elevation of radiation dose. CABAS and Dose Estimate software were used to fit the MN and dose into a linear quadratic model, and the results were compared. The linear and quadratic coefficients obtained by the two software were basically the same and were comparable with published curves of similar radiation quality and dose rates by other studies. The dose-response curve established in this study can be used as an alternative method for in vitro dose reconstruction and provides a reliable tool for biological dosimetry in accidental or occupational radiation exposures.

19.
Pharm Biol ; 60(1): 1478-1490, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938504

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Yi-Qi Cong-Ming (YQCM) decoction has been widely used to prevent age-related hearing loss (ARHL), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of YQCM decoction in the treatment of ARHL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical constituents of YQCM were screened from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database. Potential targets of YQCM against ARHL were predicted by DrugBank, GeneCards, and OMIM database. Protein-protein network and enrichment analysis were used for exploring possible molecular mechanisms. Molecular docking and an in vitro model of ARHL by exposing auditory cells with 100 µM H2O2 for 3 h were applied. Cell viability and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨM) were detected by CCK-8 and high-content analysis. γH2AX and cleaved caspase-3 were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The main compounds have good affinities with hub targets, especially AKT1, PTGS2, and CASP3. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the main biological process and key targets were related to negative regulation of the apoptotic process. H2O2 treatment could reduce the cell viability by 68% and impaired ΔΨM, while 90 µg/mL YQCM pre-treatment could restore the cell viability by 97.45% and increase ΔΨM (2-fold higher). YQCM pre-treatment also reduced γH2AX and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that YQCM prevents ARHL by modulating the apoptosis process in auditory hair cells. Moreover, this study proved that bioinformatics analysis combined with molecular docking and cell model is a promising method to explore other possible pharmacological interventions of ARHL.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Perda Auditiva , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Idoso , Caspase 3 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Perda Auditiva/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Nanomicro Lett ; 14(1): 161, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943631

RESUMO

With the aging of society and the increase in people's concern for personal health, long-term physiological signal monitoring in daily life is in demand. In recent years, electronic skin (e-skin) for daily health monitoring applications has achieved rapid development due to its advantages in high-quality physiological signals monitoring and suitability for system integrations. Among them, the breathable e-skin has developed rapidly in recent years because it adapts to the long-term and high-comfort wear requirements of monitoring physiological signals in daily life. In this review, the recent achievements of breathable e-skins for daily physiological monitoring are systematically introduced and discussed. By dividing them into breathable e-skin electrodes, breathable e-skin sensors, and breathable e-skin systems, we sort out their design ideas, manufacturing processes, performances, and applications and show their advantages in long-term physiological signal monitoring in daily life. In addition, the development directions and challenges of the breathable e-skin are discussed and prospected.

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