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1.
Food Chem ; 337: 127992, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920270

RESUMO

Mechanical wounding causes significant economic losses of fresh produce due to accelerated senescence and spoilage as well as loss of nutritional value. Here, pre-application of oligogalacturonides (OGs) enzymatically hydrolyzed from apple pectin effectively reduced the healing times of mechanical wounds from>24 h in mock groups to 12 h, and the Botrytis cinerea infection rate was reduced from 37.5% to 12.5%. OGs accordingly increased callose deposition; SlPR1, SlPAL and SlHCT gene expression; and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity around the wounds. Inhibition of Ca2+ signaling using the inhibitor Ruthenium Red markedly inhibited OG accelerated healing of mechanical wounding on fruit. SlPG2, SlEXP1, and SlCEL2 mRNAs accumulation was reduced in OG-elicited tomato fruit compared to water-treated fruit with subsequent retardation of the fruit softening during ripening. These results indicated that apple pectin OGs accelerate wound healing and inhibit fruit softening by activating calcium signaling in tomato fruits during postharvest storage.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(39): 43398-43407, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003260

RESUMO

X-ray-responsive nanocarriers for anticancer drug delivery have shown great promise for enhancing the efficacy of chemoradiotherapy. A critical challenge remains for development of such radiation-controlled drug delivery systems (DDSs), which is to minimize the required X-ray dose for triggering the cargo release. Herein, we design and fabricate an effective DDS based on diselenide block copolymers (as nanocarrier), which can be triggered to release their cargo with a reduced radiation dose of 2 Gy due to their sensitivity to both X-ray and the high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the microenvironment of cancer cells. The underlying molecular mechanism is further illustrated by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In vivo experiments on tumor-bearing mice validated that the loaded drugs are effectively delivered to the tumor site and exert remarkable antitumor effects (minimum tumor volume/weight) along with X-ray. Furthermore, the diselenide nanocarriers exhibit no noticeable cytotoxicity. These findings provide new insights for the de novo design of radiation-controlled DDSs for cancer chemoradiotherapy.

3.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasmid construction of small fragments of interest (such as insertion of small fragment marker genes, expression of shRNA, siRNA, etc) is the basis of many biomolecular experiments. Here, we describe a method to clone short DNA into vectors by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), named one-step PCR cloning. Our method uses PCR to amplify the entire circular plasmid. The PCR was performed by the primers containing the gene of short DNA with overlapping sequences between 10-15 bp. The PCR products were then transformed into E. coli and cyclized by homologous recombination in vivo. METHODS: The pEGFP-N1-HA plasmid was constructed by one-step PCR and transformation. Cells were transfected with pEGFP-N1-HA and pEGFP-N1 plasmid using TurboFect transfection reagent. Protein expression was detected by western blotting and the HA-GFP fusion protein was detected by confocal microscopy. RESULTS: The pEGFP-N1-HA plasmid was successfully constructed and HA expression in cells. CONCLUSIONS: Free from the limitations of restriction enzyme sites and omitting the ligation process, our method offers a flexible and economical option of plasmid construction. KEY POINTS: Significant findings of the study A method to clone short DNA into plasmids was found. What this study adds Our study provides a flexible and economical option to clone short DNA into plasmids.

4.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059020

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramme was a key characteristic of malignant tumors. Increased evidences indicated that besides Warburg effect (abnormal glucose metabolism), abnormal lipid metabolism played more and more important in progression and metastasis of malignant tumors. MiR-15a-5p could inhibit development of lung cancer, while its regulating mechanism, especially the role in lipid metabolism still remained unclear. In this study, we confirmed that miR-15a-5p inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells. The online analysis of Mirpath v.3 predicted that miR-15a-5p was closely associated with fatty acid synthesis and lipid metabolism. In vitro cell experiments revealed that miR-15a-5p significantly suppressed fatty acid synthesis of lung cancer cells by inhibiting acetate uptake. Extensive analysis indicated that miR-15a-5p could suppress acetyl-CoA activity and decrease histone H4 acetylation by inhibiting ACSS2 expression. In addition, we also observed that ACSS2 located in nucleus under hypoxic conditions, while miR-15a-5p could be transported into nucleus to inhibit the function of ACSS2. Our study unveiled a novel mechanism of miR-15a-5p in inhibiting metastasis of lung cancer cells by suppressing lipid metabolism via suppression of ACSS2 mediated acetyl-CoA activity and histone acetylation.

5.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 3899-3913, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061296

RESUMO

Background: The treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has long been a challenge because the symptoms of PTSD are multifaceted. PTSD is primarily treated with psychotherapy and medication, or a combination of psychotherapy and medication. The present study was designed to analyze the literature on medications for PTSD and explore high-frequency common drugs and low-frequency burst drugs by burst detection algorithm combined with Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) and provide references for developing new drugs for PTSD. Methods: Publications related to medications for PTSD from 2010 to 2019 were identified through PubMed, Web of Science Core Collection, and BIOSIS Previews. SemRep and SemRep semantic result processing system were performed to extract the set of drug concepts with therapeutic relationship according to the semantic relationship of UMLS. Kleinberg's burst detection algorithm was applied to calculate the burst weight index of drug concepts by a Java-based program. These concepts were sorted according to the frequency and the burst weight index. Results: Four hundred and fifty-nine treatment-related drug concepts were extracted. The drug with the highest burst weight index was "Psilocybine", a hallucinogen, which was more likely to be a hotspot for the pharmacotherapy of PTSD. The highest frequency concept was "prazosin", which was more likely to be the focus of research in the medications for PTSD. Conclusion: The present study assessed the medication-related literature on PTSD treatment, providing a framework of burst words detection-based method, a baseline of information for future research and the new attempt for the discovery of textual knowledge. The bibliometric analysis based on the burst detection algorithm combined with UMLS has shown certain feasibility in amplifying the microscopic changes of a specific research direction in a field, it can also be used in other aspects of disease and to explore the trends of various disciplines.

6.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e041384, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A lower relative handgrip strength (HGS) may disrupt metabolic homeostasis and then lead to metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is a paucity of longitudinal studies to examine whether relative HGS at baseline is linked to incident MetS. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to explore the association between relative HGS and new-onset MetS. DESIGN: This is an observational and longitudinal research.A nationally representative sample of population in China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3350 subjects without MetS were selected for analysis in the present study. Data are from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (2011-2015). OUTCOME MEASURES: We calculated the relative HGS by dividing the HGS by body weight. Participants were divided into gender-specific quartiles. We estimated HRs for MetS and its components using Cox proportional hazard models according to the relative HGS categories. RESULTS: After multiple adjustment, the risk of MetS increased with the lower quartile of relative HGS in both sexes. Using the highest quartile (Q4) as a reference, the HR for quartile Q3-1 was 1.49 (0.95, 2.34), 1.67 (1.08, 2.59) and 1.76 (1.12, 2.78), respectively, in men, and 1.14 (0.82, 1.58), 1.30 (1.02, 1.57) and 1.28 (1.03, 1.55), respectively, in women. Additionally, we observed that relative HGS was negatively or inversely associated with the risk of abdominal obesity in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated that relative HGS was inversely and independently associated with an increased risk of MetS and abdominal obesity, suggesting a possible role of relative HGS as a useful and simple index for muscle strength in the prediction of occurrence of MetS.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(36): 5498-5507, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: B-mode-ultrasound-guided percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) may be performed by a transhepatic or transperitoneal approach, called percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PHGD) and percutaneous transperitoneal gallbladder drainage (PPGD), respectively. We compared the impact of PC related to the route of catheter placement on subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). AIM: To compare the impact of PC related to the route of catheter placement on subsequent LC. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 103 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis who underwent scheduled LC after PC between January 2010 and January 2019. Group I included 58 patients who underwent scheduled LC after PHGD. Group II included 45 patients who underwent scheduled LC after PPGD. Clinical outcomes were analyzed according to each group. RESULTS: Baseline demographic characteristics did not differ significantly between both groups (P > 0.05). Both PHGD and PPGD were able to quickly resolve cholecystitis sepsis. Group I showed significantly higher efficacy than group II in terms of lower pain score during puncture (3.1 vs 4.5; P = 0.001) and at 12 h follow-up (1.5 vs 2.2; P = 0.001), lower rate of fever within 24 h after PC (13.8% vs 42.2%; P = 0.001), shorted operation duration (118.3 vs 139.6 min; P = 0.001), lower amount of intraoperative bleeding (72.1 vs 109.4 mL; P = 0.001) and shorter length of hospital stay (14.3 d vs 18.0 d; P = 0.001). However, group II had significantly lower rate of local bleeding at the PC site (2.2% vs 20.7%; P = 0.005) and lower rate of severe adhesion (33.5% vs 55.2%; P = 0.048). No significant differences were noted between both groups regarding the conversion rate to laparotomy, rate of subtotal cholecystectomy, complications and pathology. CONCLUSION: B-mode-ultrasound-guided PHGD is superior to PPGD followed by LC for treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis, with shorter operating time, minimal amount of intraoperative bleeding and short length of hospital stay.

8.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048560

RESUMO

This paper describes the case of a cross study between the C-N bond cleavage reaction field and the Catellani-Lautens reaction system. A series of highly functionalized C4-substituted indoles were synthesized using this strategy. By screening the alkyl groups of amines, the energy barrier of C-N bond cleavage reaction was reduced and the corresponding allenization products were avoided. Finally, the density functional theory calculation shows that the inert C-N bond activation reaction is not a concerted process; on the contrary, the coupling reaction first generates indole quaternary ammonium salt, and then C-N bond cleavage occurs via an SN2 process.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050011

RESUMO

Partial or total non-adherence has been recognized as major issues in the long-term management of hypertension. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of compliance behaviors among Chinese middle-aged and older hypertensive patients. A sample of 6308 hypertensive patients aged ≥45 years was obtained from the 2015 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data. Two compliance behaviors were involved including medication and blood pressure monitoring. Stratified binary logistic regression analysis was employed to examine the associated factors. 77.2% of the participants reported medication compliance, and 40.7% complied with blood pressure monitoring. Better medication compliance associated with older age, overweight or obesity, one or ≥3 complications, no drinking, living in urban areas, and health education. Better blood pressure monitoring compliance associated with older age, overweight or obesity, ≥3 complications, normal activities of daily living (ADL), no smoking, sleep duration of 6-8 h, better cognitive function, living in urban areas, education level of middle school or above, and health education. Chinese middle-aged and older hypertensive patients experienced unoptimistic compliance behaviors, especially for blood pressure monitoring. Special attention and targeted interventions are urgent for the high-risk population of poor compliance behaviors, such as rural individuals, low educational population, and younger hypertensive patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced expression and activation of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) is associated with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) progression, invasion and metastasis. OBJECTIVE: To find potential peptide inhibitor against MMP9, which in turn, could inhibit MCL progression. METHODS: We performed CCK8 assay, western blot and transwell assays for RNAi activity. Molecular Operating Environment (MOE) software was applied for structural optimization as MMP9 and peptides were docked. We used gelatin zymography and confocal microscopy confirm that the peptides can inhibit MMP9 activity. We applied CCK8 and transwell assay to evaluate cell proliferation and metastasis and flow cytometry to evaluate cell cycle progression and apoptosis. RESULTS: High MMP9 expression was observed in 49 of 88 samples (55.7%). Patients with high MMP9 expression were more likely to present with high stage (Stage 3-4, P=0.01), bone marrow invasion (P=0.033) and high level LDH (P=0.000). High MMP9 expression was associated with significantly shorter overall survival (OS, HR=2.378, P=0.012) and progression free survival (PFS, HR=2.068, P=0.03). Multivariate analysis identified high MMP9 expression (P= 0.027), high-risk mantle cell lymphoma international prognostic index (MIPI, HR=2.327, P=0.023), and no radiation therapy (P=0.035) as adverse prognostic factors. Silencing of MMP9 in Jeko-1 cells by RNAi suppressed cells migration and invasion in vitro (P<0.05). According to the docking results, peptide M3 bound deeply in the binding pocket of MMP9 and had interaction with the active-site Zn2+ ion in the catalytic domain. M3 was not only compatible with MMP9, but also inhibited its activity. M3 inhibited Jeko-1 cells proliferation, metastasis and cell cycle progression, and promoted cell apoptosis rate (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: We designed M3 through structure-based molecular docking, which can specifically bind to MMP9 and inhibit the activity of MMP9. M3 could be a potential antagonist as the treatment of MCL with MMP9 overexpression.

11.
Fertil Steril ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between couples' prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and time to pregnancy (TTP) among those with no prior gravidity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Local maternal/child health care or family-planning service institutions. PATIENT(S): A total of 2,301,782 eligible couples participating in the National Free Preconception Check-up Projects from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Time to pregnancy. RESULT(S): Underweight, overweight, or obese status in women and underweight status in men were associated with couples' prolonged TTP. The optimal BMI levels were 20.61-23.06 kg/m2 and 22.69-27.74 kg/m2 for women and men, respectively. Compared with couples in whom both partners had a normal BMI, the pregnancy rates were reduced by 10% (fecundability odds ratio [FOR] 0.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-0.92) and 19% (FOR 0.81; 95% CI, 0.78-0.84) for couples in whom both partners were underweight or obese, respectively. The combination of women with a normal BMI and overweight men had the greatest fertility (FOR 1.03; 95% CI, 1.02-1.03), and the combination of obese women and underweight men had the lowest fertility (FOR 0.70; 95% CI, 0.65-0.76). CONCLUSION(S): Abnormal prepregnancy BMIs in either women or men were associated with prolonged TTP among couples with no prior gravidity. Scientific management of couples' prepregnancy BMI could improve their fertility.

12.
Food Chem ; : 128226, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067048

RESUMO

Octenyl succinic anhydride esterified waxy corn starches (OSAS) with five different molecular weights (MWs) were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis and their effects on naringin solubility were studied. The MW of OSAS was found to significantly influence the amount of naringin embedded in the complex formed by self-aggregation. OSAS with medium MW (M-OSAS) formed complex with the highest naringin entrapment. This system showed an AL type water phase solubility curve (indicating a 1:1 stoichiometric inclusion complex) and an increase of 848.83 folds in naringin solubility. Further investigation on the interactions between M-OSAS and naringin using FTIR, XRD, DSC and NMR confirmed the encapsulation of naringin into the inner cavity of M-OSAS. TEM and particle size analysis indicated the complex was spherical in shape, having a mean particle size of 257.07 nm and size distribution of 10-1000 nm. This study has provided a basis for solubility enhancement of citrus flavonoids using OSAS.

13.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth eruption is a complicated process regulated by dental follicle (DF). Our recent study discovered that tooth eruption was inhibited upon injection of bleomycin (BLM) into DF. However, the mechanisms were unknown. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Human dental follicle cells (hDFCs) were treated by BLM or exogenous TGF-ß1, or transfected by plasmids loading SMAD7 or shRNA targeting SMAD7, followed by osteogenesis induction assay and signaling analysis. Human fresh DF tissues and Wistar rats were used to further confirm BLM function. KEY RESULTS: Our data showed that BLM decreased RUNX2 and osteogenic genes expression in hDFCs, causing reduced osteogenic capacity. TGF-ß1 expression was upregulated in BLM treated hDFCs. The effects of exogenous TGF-ß1 were similar to BLM in hDFCs. Additionally, compared to SMAD2/3, SMAD7 expression increased more dramatically in BLM or TGF-ß1 treated hDFCs. Overexpression of SMAD7 likewise significantly decreased RUNX2 expression and osteogenic capacity of hDFCs. Knockdown of SMAD7 dramatically attenuated the inhibitory effects of BLM and TGF-ß1 on osteogenic capacity and RUNX2 expression of hDFCs. Most importantly, changes in TGF-ß1, SMAD7 and RUNX2 expressions were similar in the DF of rats and humans treated with BLM. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: SMAD7 was a negative regulator of osteogenic differentiation in DFCs through suppressing RUNX2 expression. BLM or TGF-ß1 inhibited osteogenic differentiation of DFCs via TGF-ß1/SMAD7/RUNX2 pathway. Our findings might be beneficial for enhancing the osteogenic activity of DFCs or inhibiting the eruption of undesirable teeth.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041326

RESUMO

Remdesivir (RDV) exerts anti-severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 activity following metabolic activation in the target tissues. However, the pharmacokinetics and tissue distributions of the parent drug and its active metabolites have been poorly characterized to date. Blood and tissue levels were evaluated in the current study. After intravenous administration of 20 mg/kg RDV in mice, the concentrations of the parent drug, nucleotide monophosphate (RMP) and triphosphate (RTP), as well as nucleoside (RN), in the blood, heart, liver, lung, kidney, testis, and small intestine were quantified. In blood, RDV was rapidly and completely metabolized and was barely detected at 0.5 h, similar to RTP, while its metabolites RMP and RN exhibited higher blood levels with increased residence times. The area under the concentration versus time curve up to the last measured point in time (AUC0-t) values of RMP and RN were 4558 and 136,572 h∙nM, respectively. The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) values of RMP and RN were 2896 nM and 35,819 nM, respectively. Moreover, RDV presented an extensive distribution, and the lung, liver and kidney showed high levels of the parent drug and metabolites. The metabolic stabilities of RDV and RMP were also evaluated using lung, liver, and kidney microsomes. RDV showed higher clearances in the liver and kidney than in the lung, with intrinsic clearance (CLint) values of 1740, 1253, and 127 mL/(min∙g microsomal protein), respectively.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036459

RESUMO

(1) Background: The adverse health effect associated with extreme temperature has been extensively reported in the current literature. Some also found that temperature effect may vary among the population with different socioeconomic status (SES), but found inconsistent results. Previous studies on the socioeconomic vulnerability of temperature effect were mainly achieved by multi-city or country analysis, but the large heterogeneity between cities may introduce additional bias to the estimation. The linkage between death registry and census in Hong Kong allows us to perform a city-wide analysis in which the study population shares virtually the same cultural, lifestyle and policy environment. This study aims to examine and compare the high and low temperature on morality in Hong Kong, a city with a subtropical climate and address a key research question of whether the extreme high and low temperature disproportionally affects population with lower SES. (2) Methods: Poisson-generalized additive models and distributed-lagged nonlinear models were used to examine the association between daily mortality and daily mean temperature between 2007-2015 with other meteorological and confounding factors controlled. Death registry was linked with small area census and area-level median household income was used as the proxy for socioeconomic status. (3) Results: 362,957 deaths during the study period were included in the analysis. The minimum mortality temperature was found to be 28.9 °C (82nd percentile). With a subtropical climate, the low temperature has a stronger effect than the high temperature on non-accidental, cardiovascular, respiratory and cancer deaths in Hong Kong. The hot effect was more pronounced in the first few days, while cold effect tended to last up to three weeks. Significant heat effect was only observed in the lower SES groups, whilst the extreme low temperature was associated with significantly higher mortality risk across all SES groups. The older population were susceptible to extreme temperature, especially for cold. (4) Conclusions: This study raised the concern of cold-related health impact in the subtropical region. Compared with high temperature, low temperature may be considered a universal hazard to the entire population in Hong Kong rather than only disproportionally affecting people with lower SES. Future public health policy should reconsider the strategy at both individual and community levels to reduce temperature-related mortality.

16.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e241, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998791

RESUMO

A recently developed pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 has quickly spread across the world. Unfortunately, a simplified risk score that could easily be used in primary care or general practice settings has not been developed. The objective of this study is to identify a simplified risk score that could easily be used to quickly triage severe COVID-19 patients. All severe and critical adult patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 on the West campus of Union Hospital, Wuhan, China, from 28 January 2020 to 29 February 2020 were included in this study. Clinical data and laboratory results were obtained. CURB-65 pneumonia score was calculated. Univariate logistic regressions were applied to explore risk factors associated with in-hospital death. We used the receiver operating characteristic curve and multivariate COX-PH model to analyse risk factors for in-hospital death. A total of 74 patients (31 died, 43 survived) were finally included in the study. We observed that compared with survivors, non-survivors were older and illustrated higher respiratory rate, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, D-dimer and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), but lower SpO2 as well as impaired liver function, especially synthesis function. CURB-65 showed good performance for predicting in-hospital death (area under curve 0.81, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.71-0.91). CURB-65 ⩾ 2 may serve as a cut-off value for prediction of in-hospital death in severe patients with COVID-19 (sensitivity 68%, specificity 81%, F1 score 0.7). CURB-65 (hazard ratio (HR) 1.61; 95% CI 1.05-2.46), LDH (HR 1.003; 95% CI 1.001-1.004) and albumin (HR 0.9; 95% CI 0.81-1) were risk factors for in-hospital death in severe patients with COVID-19. Our study indicates CURB-65 may serve as a useful prognostic marker in COVID-19 patients, which could be used to quickly triage severe patients in primary care or general practice settings.

17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113429, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011369

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plumula Nelumbinis, the green embryo of the mature seeds of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, has a medical history of over 400 years. It is widely used for clearing the heart and heat, calming the mind, and promoting astringent essence and hemostasis in traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, it usually dual use as food and medicine. This review aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of Plumula Nelumbinis by summarizing its botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and safety. METHODS: This review summarized published studies on Plumula Nelumbinis in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and literature databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Baidu Scholar, Wiley and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), and limits the different research articles in botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and safety about Plumula Nelumbinis. RESULTS: Plumula Nelumbinis is used to treat hypertension, arrhythmia, severe aplastic anemia, insomnia, encephalopathy and gynecological disease in traditional Chinese medicine and clinical studies. More than 130 chemicals have been isolated and identified from Plumula Nelumbinis, including alkaloids, flavonoids, polysaccharides and volatile oil. In addition, pharmacological effects, such as protective effects against cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, lung and kidney injury, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities, were also evaluated by in vitro and in vivo studies. Moreover, the potential signaling pathways regulated by Plumula Nelumbinis in cardiovascular and neurological diseases and perspectives on Plumula Nelumbinis research were discussed. CONCLUSION: Plumula Nelumbinis, a commonly used Chinese medicine, has a variety of traditional and modern therapeutic uses. Some traditional uses, especially the treatment of cardiovascular and neurological diseases, have been verified by pharmacological investigation. However, the pharmacological molecular mechanisms, pharmacokinetics and toxicology of Plumula Nelumbinis are still incomplete. In the future, a series of systematic studies on active compounds identification, pharmacological mechanism clarification, quality and safety evaluation are necessary.

18.
Food Chem ; : 128243, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069529

RESUMO

Tea saponins from Camellia oleifera Abel. seed pomace are new sources of commercial saponins. This study established an eco-friendly and efficient extraction method for tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace. A ternary deep eutectic solvent (DES) composed of l-proline, glycerol and sucrose (4:10:1 in molar ratio, abbreviated as PGS-5) achieved the highest extraction yield of tea saponins among all screened DESs. A maximum extraction yield of 23.22 ± 0.28% was obtained using PGS-5 under the optimized extraction time, DES concentration and liquid-solid ratio. Through ultraviolet, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-Q Exactive HF mass spectroscopy, as well as analyses of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, it was determined that extracted saponins did not altered during processing. Therefore, PGS-5 can serve as a solvent to obtain stable and beneficial tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace.

19.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on postoperative pathology for stage IB2 and IIA2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Postoperative pathology was compared between patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical hysterectomy (NACT group) and patients who received upfront radical hysterectomy (URH group). Then, patients in the NACT group were divided into a chemotherapy-sensitive group and a chemotherapy-insensitive group according to their response to chemotherapy. RESULTS: After 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM), the positive rates of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) (7.9% vs 17.7%, P = 0.001) and cervical deep stromal invasion (60.4% vs 76.2%, P < 0.001) in the NACT group were significantly lower than those in the URH group, while the positive rates of parametrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, and vaginal margin invasion were not significantly different between the two groups. The rate of positive lymph node metastasis in the chemotherapy-sensitive group was significantly lower than that in the URH group (18.1% vs 26.5%, P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Among patients with stage IB2 and IIA2 cervical squamous cell carcinomas, NACT can reduce the positive rate of intermediate-risk factors, such as deep cervical stromal invasion and LVSI, but cannot reduce the positive rate of high-risk factors. For patients who are chemotherapy sensitive, NACT can reduce the positive rate of lymph node metastasis.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985358

RESUMO

Sepsis is one of the most common causes of death in ICU and especially is a harmful and a life-threatened disease to pediatrics in the world. It has been demonstrated that IL-3 plays an essential role in the processing of sepsis and the inhibition of IL-3 may alleviate sepsis progress. In our previous study, we selected a novel CD123 aptamer successfully which could inhibit the interaction of CD123 and IL-3. The aim of this study is to explore the protection ability of the first thioaptamer SS30 against sepsis in a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) rat model. Serum IL-3 level of sepsis patients was assessed by ELISA. CLP rat model was applied in all experimental groups. CD123 thioaptamer SS30 and CD123 antibody were used to block the recognition between IL-3 and CD123. Body weight, temperature, blood gas, MAP, and serum cytokines of four grouped rats were assessed. Flow cytometry was utilized to evaluate JAK2 and STAT5 proteins. After the administration of SS30 or CD123 antibody, the rats in SS30 and CD123 antibody group had lower cytokines values(lactate, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6), whereas exhibited higher value of core temperature, MAP, PO2/FiO2, and ETCO2 than those in the CLP group. The expression level of phosphorylated JAK2 and STAT5 was declined and the survival rate of rats was increased. In addition, the protection ability of SS30 was better than CD123 antibody. Therefore, CD123 thioaptamer SS30 could reduce mortality by down-regulating the phosphorylated JAK2/STAT5 signaling pathway, and reduce serum cytokines which involving in sepsis development in CLP rat model.

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