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1.
Res Sq ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343795

RESUMO

The EMDataResource Ligand Model Challenge aimed to assess the reliability and reproducibility of modeling ligands bound to protein and protein/nucleic-acid complexes in cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) maps determined at near-atomic (1.9-2.5 Å) resolution. Three published maps were selected as targets: E. coli beta-galactosidase with inhibitor, SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase with covalently bound nucleotide analog, and SARS-CoV-2 ion channel ORF3a with bound lipid. Sixty-one models were submitted from 17 independent research groups, each with supporting workflow details. We found that (1) the quality of submitted ligand models and surrounding atoms varied, as judged by visual inspection and quantification of local map quality, model-to-map fit, geometry, energetics, and contact scores, and (2) a composite rather than a single score was needed to assess macromolecule+ligand model quality. These observations lead us to recommend best practices for assessing cryo-EM structures of liganded macromolecules reported at near-atomic resolution.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2308101, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341618

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) catalysis provides the most promising avenue for producing value-added chemicals and consumables from renewable precursors. Over the last decades, PEC catalysis, including reduction of renewable feedstock, oxidation of organics, and activation and functionalization of C-C and C-H bonds, are extensively investigated, opening new opportunities for employing the technology in upgrading readily available resources. However, several challenges still remain unsolved, hindering the commercialization of the process. This review offers an overview of PEC catalysis targeted at the synthesis of high-value chemicals from sustainable precursors. First, we recall the fundamentals of evaluating PEC reactions in the context of value-added product synthesis at both anode and cathode. Then, we highlight the common photoelectrode fabrication methods that have been employed to produce thin-film photoelectrodes. Next, we systematically review and discuss the advancements in the PEC conversion of various feedstocks to produce highly valued chemicals. Finally, we present the challenges and prospects in the field. This review aims at facilitating further development of PEC technology for upgrading several renewable precursors to value-added products and other pharmaceuticals. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Obes Surg ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outcome of weight loss surgery is related to several factors, and for super-obese patients, the rate of weight loss failure and weight recovery after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is high. Relevant studies have shown that the weight loss effect also correlates with total small bowel length (TSBL) and biliopancreatic (BP) and Roux limbs. However, there are few studies on the relationship between TSBL and anthropometric parameters, the BP limb, the Roux limb, and weight loss effect, and no relevant reports have been reported in China. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to study the relationship between the total length of the small intestine and anthropometric parameters in the Chinese population. The effect of the Roux limb/biliopancreatic limb (RL/BPL) ratio on weight loss and diabetes remission in RYGB patients 1 year after surgery was evaluated to find the appropriate ratio relationship. METHODS: In this prospective study, 148 patients between the ages of 19 and 68 years who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass were enrolled. Height, weight, BMI, the BP limb, the Roux limb, fasting blood glucose (FBG), etc., were noted. To explore the correlation between the total length of the small intestine and these values. Subsequently, the 148 patients were followed up for 1 year after surgery. The patients diagnosed with T2DM before surgery were screened out, and 56 patients were finally identified according to the postoperative follow-up, in which BPL = 50 cm and RL = 150 cm, 175 cm, and 200 cm, respectively. RL/BPL was divided into 3, 3.5, and 4 groups according to the proportional relationship to explore the relationship between RL/BPL and diabetes remission and weight loss. RESULTS: (1) The study included 148 patients (61 women and 87 men). The mean age was 35.68 ± 10.46 years, weight = 127.46 ± 34.51 kg, height = 167.83 ± 9.16 cm, BMI = 44.94 ± 10.58 kg/m2. The average TSBL value was 714.41 ± 101.08 cm. Linear regression analysis showed that TSBL was positively correlated with height, weight, neck circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, and Roux limb. (2) Fifty-six patients with T2DM who were followed up 1 year after surgery were divided into three groups. Group 1: BPL = 50 cm, RL = 150 cm (n = 20); group 2: BPL = 50 cm, RL = 175 cm (n = 26); group 3: BPL = 50 cm, RL = 200 cm (n = 10); RL/BPL = 3 was associated with higher weight loss than the other groups. The remission rate of diabetes did not differ between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: TSBL was positively correlated with height, weight, neck circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, and Roux limb. The TSBL of males was significantly higher than that of females. Among patients with T2DM who participated in the follow-up 1 year after surgery, RL/BPL = 3 (n = 20) had greater weight loss than the other groups.

4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(2): 185-191, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413040

RESUMO

The article summarizes the relevant factors to the therapeutic effect of moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis, including the origin and storage time of moxa leaves, the time of moxibustion, the numbers of moxa cone, and the temperature when moxibustion is operated. Artemisia mugwort in Qichun county stored for over 3 years is the best regarding its property; and it is recommended for about 40 min in suspended moxibustion; and the heat-sensitive moxibustion is determined when the sensation of moxibustion disappears; and in terms of moxibustion techniques and the numbers of moxa cone, two moxa cones are optimal in warm needling, but the highly applicable duration of moxibustion needs to be confirmed through more high-quality studies. There are few studies on the other influencing factors, such as the specific operation of suspended moxibustion, the angle of knee flexion, treatment sequence, light and smoking factors, moxibustion method and disease staging and type; and the studies are limited in the comparison in terms of the middle-term and long-term efficacy, the comparison of the efficacy among different syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine in patients and the comparison among various frequencies and sessions of treatment. In future, more high-quality clinical trials should be designed to complete the evidence-based regimens and optimize clinical operations.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Temperatura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Temperatura Alta
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 663: 270-279, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401447

RESUMO

A new type of self-supporting multi-channel Janus carbon fibers with efficient water splitting has been successfully manufactured using a specially designed parallel spinneret through electrospinning technology and subsequent carbonization technique. Every single Janus fiber composes of a half side of Mo2C and the other half side of Ni components as Mo2C, Ni embedded in N-doped multi-channel Janus carbon fibers ([Mo2C/C]//[Ni/C]-NMCFs) for overall water splitting. Under optimized condition, the hydrogen evolution reaction overpotential of [Mo2C/C]//[Ni/C]-NMCFs (62 mV) is just 24 mV higher than 20 wt% Pt/C (38 mV) at a current density of 10 mA cm-2. Furthermore, it achieves current density of 10 mA cm-2 to require an overpotential of 324 mV for oxygen evolution reaction. Additionally, the cell assembled by the identical [Mo2C/C]//[Ni/C]-NMCFs catalyst as both the cathode and anode needs only 1.607 V at a current density of 10 mA cm-2, which is only 0.022 V higher than that of Pt/C-IrO2 electrodes. Moreover, [Mo2C/C]//[Ni/C]-NMCFs catalyst also exhibits a long-term stability. The synergistic effect and unique heterostructure of Mo2C and Ni enhance the catalytic activity.

6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1308592, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327493

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between sleep characteristics and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has yet to reach a consistent conclusion, and more research needs to be carried out. This study aimed to explore the relationship between snoring, daytime sleepiness, bedtime, sleep duration, and high-risk sleep patterns with CVD risk. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2015-2018 were collected and analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between snoring, daytime sleepiness, bedtime, sleep duration, high-risk sleep patterns, and CVD risk. Stratified analysis and interaction tests were carried out according to hypertension, diabetes and age. Results: The final analysis contained 6,830 participants, including 1,001 with CVD. Multivariable logistic regression suggested that the relationship between snoring [OR = 7.37,95%CI = (6.06,8.96)], daytime sleepiness [OR = 11.21,95%CI = (9.60,13.08)], sleep duration shorter than 7 h [OR = 9.50,95%CI = (7.65,11.79)] or longer than 8 h [OR = 6.61,95%CI = (5.33,8.19)], bedtime after 0:00 [OR = 13.20,95%CI = (9.78,17.80)] compared to 22:00-22:59, high-risk sleep patterns [OR = 47.73,95%CI = (36.73,62.04)] and CVD risk were statistically significant. Hypertension and diabetes interacted with high-risk sleep patterns, but age did not. Conclusions: Snoring, daytime sleepiness, excessive or short sleep duration, inappropriate bedtime, and high-risk sleep patterns composed of these factors are associated with the CVD risk. High-risk sleep patterns have a more significant impact on patients with hypertension and diabetes.

7.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(1): 76-84, 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The liver is an important metabolic and digestive organ in the human body, capable of producing bile, clotting factors, and vitamins. AIM: To investigate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after hepatobiliary surgery and identify effective rehabilitation measures. METHODS: A total of 200 patients who underwent hepatobiliary surgery in our hospital in 2022 were selected as the study subjects. They were divided into a control group and a study group based on the extent of the surgery, with 100 patients in each group. The control group received routine treatment, while the study group received targeted interventions, including early enteral nutrition support, drinking water before gas discharge, and large bowel enema, to promote postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery. The recovery of gastrointestinal function was compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, patients in the study group had better recovery of bowel sounds and less accumulation of fluids in the liver bed and gallbladder fossa (P < 0.05). They also had shorter time to gas discharge and first meal (P < 0.05), higher overall effective rate of gastrointestinal function recovery (P < 0.05), and lower incidence of postoperative complications (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Targeted nursing interventions (early nutritional support, drinking water before gas discharge, and enema) can effectively promote gastrointestinal function recovery in patients undergoing hepatobiliary surgery and reduce the incidence of complications, which is worthy of promotion.

8.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(1): 34, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321524

RESUMO

Inflammation is a common and important pathological process occurring in any part of the body and relating to a variety of diseases. Effective tissue repair is critical for the survival of impaired organisms. Considering the side effects of the currently used anti-inflammatory medications, new therapeutic agents are urgently needed for the improvement of regenerative capacities of inflammatory-impaired tissues. Mesenchymal stromal stem/progenitor cells (MSCs) are characterized by the capabilities of self-renewal and multipotent differentiation and exhibit immunomodulatory capacity. Due to the ability to modulate inflammatory phenotypes and immune responses, MSCs have been considered as a potential alternative therapy for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Natural compounds (NCs) are complex small multiple-target molecules mostly derived from plants and microorganisms, exhibiting therapeutic effects in many disorders, such as osteoporosis, diabetes, cancer, and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. Recently, increasing studies focused on the prominent effects of NCs on MSCs, including the regulation of cell survival and inflammatory response, as well as osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation capacities, which indicate the roles of NCs on MSC-based cytotherapy in several inflammatory diseases. Their therapeutic effects and fewer side effects in numerous physiological processes, compared to chemosynthetic drugs, made them to be a new therapeutic avenue combined with MSCs for impaired tissue regeneration. Here we summarize the current understanding of the influence of NCs on MSCs and related downstream signaling pathways, specifically in pathological inflammatory conditions. In addition, the emerging concepts through the combination of NCs and MSCs to expand the therapeutic perspectives are highlighted. A promising MSC source from oral/dental tissues is also discussed, with a remarkable potential for MSC-based therapy in future clinical applications.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Adipogenia , Imunomodulação
9.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 207: 108426, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340689

RESUMO

In nature, light intensity usually fluctuates and a sudden shade-sun transition can induce photodamage to photosystem I (PSI) in many angiosperms. Photosynthetic regulation in fluctuating light (FL) has been studied extensively in C3 plants; however, little is known about how C4 plants cope FL to prevent PSI photoinhibition. We here compared photosynthetic responses to FL between maize (Zea mays, C4) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, C3) grown under full sunlight. Maize leaves had significantly higher cyclic electron flow (CEF) activity and lower photorespiration activity than tomato. Upon a sudden shade-sun transition, maize showed a significant stronger transient PSI over-reduction than tomato, resulting in a significant greater PSI photoinhibition in maize after FL treatment. During the first seconds upon shade-sun transition, CEF was stimulated in maize at a much higher extent than tomato, favoring the rapid formation of trans-thylakoid proton gradient (ΔpH), which was helped by a transient down-regulation of chloroplast ATP synthase activity. Therefore, modulation of ΔpH by regulation of CEF and chloroplast ATP synthase adjusted PSI redox state at donor side, which partially compensated for the deficiency of photorespiration. We propose that C4 plants use different photosynthetic strategies for coping with FL as compared with C3 plants.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 86, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on the relationship between insulin resistance (IR) surrogates and long-term all-cause mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and hypertension are lacking. This study aimed to explore the relationship between different IR surrogates and all-cause mortality and identify valuable predictors of survival status in this population. METHODS: The data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2001-2018) and National Death Index (NDI). Multivariate Cox regression and restricted cubic splines (RCS) were performed to evaluate the relationship between homeostatic model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR), triglyceride glucose index (TyG index), triglyceride glucose-body mass index (TyG-BMI index) and all-cause mortality. The recursive algorithm was conducted to calculate inflection points when segmenting effects were found. Then, segmented Kaplan-Meier analysis, LogRank tests, and multivariable Cox regression were carried out. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and calibration curves were drawn to evaluate the differentiation and accuracy of IR surrogates in predicting the all-cause mortality. Stratified analysis and interaction tests were conducted according to age, gender, diabetes, cancer, hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering drug use. RESULTS: 1126 participants were included in the study. During the median follow-up of 76 months, 455 participants died. RCS showed that HOMA-IR had a segmented effect on all-cause mortality. 3.59 was a statistically significant inflection point. When the HOMA-IR was less than 3.59, it was negatively associated with all-cause mortality [HR = 0.87,95%CI (0.78, 0.97)]. Conversely, when the HOMA-IR was greater than 3.59, it was positively associated with all-cause mortality [HR = 1.03,95%CI (1.00, 1.05)]. ROC and calibration curves indicated that HOMA-IR was a reliable predictor of survival status (area under curve = 0,812). No interactions between HOMA-IR and stratified variables were found. CONCLUSION: The relationship between HOMA-IR and all-cause mortality was U-shaped in patients with CHD and hypertension. HOMA-IR was a reliable predictor of all-cause mortality in this population.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Hipertensão , Resistência à Insulina , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Glicemia , Estudos de Coortes , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Triglicerídeos , Glucose , Biomarcadores
11.
Chem Rev ; 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422393

RESUMO

The ability to gain spatiotemporal information, and in some cases achieve spatiotemporal control, in the context of drug delivery makes theranostic fluorescent probes an attractive and intensely investigated research topic. This interest is reflected in the steep rise in publications on the topic that have appeared over the past decade. Theranostic fluorescent probes, in their various incarnations, generally comprise a fluorophore linked to a masked drug, in which the drug is released as the result of certain stimuli, with both intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli being reported. This release is then signaled by the emergence of a fluorescent signal. Importantly, the use of appropriate fluorophores has enabled not only this emerging fluorescence as a spatiotemporal marker for drug delivery but also has provided modalities useful in photodynamic, photothermal, and sonodynamic therapeutic applications. In this review we highlight recent work on theranostic fluorescent probes with a particular focus on probes that are activated in tumor microenvironments. We also summarize efforts to develop probes for other applications, such as neurodegenerative diseases and antibacterials. This review celebrates the diversity of designs reported to date, from discrete small-molecule systems to nanomaterials. Our aim is to provide insights into the potential clinical impact of this still-emerging research direction.

12.
Mol Cell ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423014

RESUMO

Appropriate DNA end synapsis, regulated by core components of the synaptic complex including KU70-KU80, LIG4, XRCC4, and XLF, is central to non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair of chromatinized DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). However, it remains enigmatic whether chromatin modifications can influence the formation of NHEJ synaptic complex at DNA ends, and if so, how this is achieved. Here, we report that the mitotic deacetylase complex (MiDAC) serves as a key regulator of DNA end synapsis during NHEJ repair in mammalian cells. Mechanistically, MiDAC removes combinatorial acetyl marks on histone H2A (H2AK5acK9ac) around DSB-proximal chromatin, suppressing hyperaccumulation of bromodomain-containing protein BRD4 that would otherwise undergo liquid-liquid phase separation with KU80 and prevent the proper installation of LIG4-XRCC4-XLF onto DSB ends. This study provides mechanistic insight into the control of NHEJ synaptic complex assembly by a specific chromatin signature and highlights the critical role of H2A hypoacetylation in restraining unscheduled compartmentalization of DNA repair machinery.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 130257, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423904

RESUMO

The genus Schisandra, a member of the Magnoliaceae family, is a well-known tonic traditional Chinese medicine with a long history of traditional medicinal and functional food used in China. Polysaccharides are one of its main active constituents, which have a wide range of bioactivities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, neuroprotection, anti-diabetes, hepatoprotection, immunomodulation, and anti-fatigue. In this paper, we review the extraction, isolation, purification, structural characterization, bioactivities, as well as structure-activity relationship of polysaccharides from the genus Schisandra. In conclusion, we hope that this review could provide reference for the subsequent research on structural, bioactivities, development and application of the genus Schisandra polysaccharides.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1273774, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352646

RESUMO

Introduction: The panicle fertilization strategy for japonica and indica rice under wheat straw return (SR) has not been updated, especially on the elaboration of their impacts on spikelet differentiation and degeneration. This study aimed to verify the hypothesis that SR increases spikelet number by reducing spikelet degeneration and to explore the possibility of simplifying panicle fertilization. Methods: In three consecutive years, four varieties of japonica and indica rice were field-grown in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. Six panicle fertilization rates and split treatments were applied to SR and no straw return (NR) conditions. Results: The results showed that SR promoted rice yield significantly by 3.77%, and the highest yields were obtained under the T2 (split panicle fertilization at the panicle initiation (PI) and spikelet primordium differentiation (SPD) stages) and T1 (panicle fertilization only at the PI stage) treatments, for indica and japonica rice, respectively. Correlation and path analysis revealed that the number of spikelets per panicle was the most attributable to yield variation. SR significantly increased the concentration of alkali hydrolyzable N in the soil 40 days after rice transplantation, significantly increased the nitrogen accumulation per stem (NA) during the SPD-pollen mother cell meiosis (PMC) stage, and increased the brassinosteroids level in the young panicles at the PMC stage. SR also reduced the degeneration rate of spikelets (DRS) and increased the number of surviving spikelets (NSS). The dry matter accumulation per stem was more important to increasing the NA in japonica rice at the PMC stage, whereas NA was more affected by the N content than the dry matter accumulation in indica rice. In japonica rice, panicle N application once only at the PI stage combined with the N released from SR was enough to improve the plant N content, reduce the DRS, and increase the NSS. For indica rice, split application of N panicle fertilization at both the PI and SPD stages was still necessary to achieve a maximum NSS. Discussion: In conclusion, under wheat SR practice, panicle fertilization could be simplified to once in japonica rice with a significant yield increase, whereas equal splits might still be optimal for indica rice.

15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 242: 116012, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354539

RESUMO

Linaprazan (AZD0865, TX07) is one of potassium-competitive acid blockers. However, linaprazan is rapidly excreted from the body, shortening its acid inhibition property. Linaprazan glurate (X842) is a prodrug of linaprazan with a prolonged inhibitory effect on gastric acid secretion. Linaprazan glurate has entered clinical trials, but few studies have reported its metabolism in non-clinical and clinical settings. In this study, we studied the pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, mass balance, and metabolism of linaprazan glurate in rats after a single oral dose of 2.4 mg/kg (100 µCi/kg) [14C]linaprazan glurate. The results demonstrated that linaprazan glurate was mainly excreted via feces in rats with 70.48% of the dose over 168 h. The plasma AUC0-∞ of linaprazan glurate in female rats was 2 times higher than that in male rats. Drug-related substances were mainly concentrated in the stomach, eyes, liver, small intestine, and large intestine after administration. In blood, drug-related substances were mostly distributed into plasma instead of hemocytes. In total, 13 metabolites were detected in rat plasma, urine, feces, and bile. M150 (2,6-dimethylbenzoic acid) was the predominant metabolite in plasma, accounting for 80.65% and 67.65% of AUC0-24h in male and female rats, respectively. Based on the structures, linaprazan glurate was mainly hydrolyzed into linaprazan, followed by a series of oxidation, dehydrogenation, and glucuronidation in rats. Besides, CES2 is the main metabolic enzyme involved in the hydrolysis of linaprazan glurate to linaprazan.

16.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 257: 114338, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively assess the association of husband smoking with wives' thyrotropin abnormality. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study included 2 406 090 Chinese reproductive-aged women who had participated twice in the National Free Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project between 2010 and 2020. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for subnormal and supranormal thyrotropin were estimated according to the husband's smoking status. RESULTS: Husband smoking at the first visit was associated with a 17% (15%-20%) and 26% (24%-28%) increased odds of subnormal thyrotropin and supranormal thyrotropin respectively compared to participants in neither-smoker group. In non-smoking participants with normal thyrotropin levels at the first visit, the corresponding increased risk of subnormal thyrotropin and supranormal thyrotropin at the second visit were 15% (12%-18%) and 19% (16%-21%) in contrast to participants without husband-smoking exposure. In non-smoking participants with abnormal thyrotropin levels at their first visit, husband smoking cessation was associated with 27% (17%-35%) and 36% (31%-40%) reduced odds of subnormal thyrotropin and supranormal thyrotropin at the second visit compared with the participants whose husband still smoking at the second visit. CONCLUSION: Husband smoking was associated with wives' subnormal thyrotropin and supranormal thyrotropin, and cessation of husband smoking could reduce the odds of thyrotropin abnormality. Couple-focused smoking intervention should be developed to reduce the burden of asymptomatic thyroid disease in females.

17.
J Clin Med ; 13(3)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337419

RESUMO

Background: Anti-MDA5 antibody-bearing (anti-MDA5+)-dermatomyositis (DM) or polymyositis (PM) is notorious for causing rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RPILD) and/or cancers with high mortality rate. However, anti-MDA5 antibodies (Abs) are also found in other connective tissue diseases and their link with RPILD, especially with regard to the mortality rate, are unknown. Methods: We retrospectively recruited 71 patients bearing anti-MDA5-Abs in serum, stratified them in terms of a presence or absence of RPILD, and evaluated their clinical features, laboratory findings, associated myositis antibodies, concurrent connective tissue disease (CTD) as well as newly developed malignancies. Results: In total, 39 (55%) patients presented with DM/PM, but 32 (45%) did not. In total, 22 of the former and 11 of the latter developed RPILD eventually, accounting for a total of 46% of all MDA-5 bearing patients. On the other hand, 15 of all 71 (21.1%) patients had cancers. Among the 32 patients who did not have DM/PM, 27 (38.0% of all 71) had other CTDs, indicating that only 5 (7.0% of 71) patients did not have CTDs. Senility (odds ratio (OR) = 1.816, p = 0.032), presence of anti-Ro-52 antibody (OR = 1.676, p = 0.018), elevated C-reactive protein (CRP, OR = 4.354, p < 0.001) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, OR = 2.625, p = 0.005) posed risks for RPILD. High lactose dehydrogenase (LDH, p = 0.009), CRP (p = 0.001) and CEA (p = 0.001), ferritin (p ≤ 0.001) and low albumin (p ≤ 0.001) were significantly associated with mortality. Anti-SAE antibodies were negatively correlated with RPILD as analyzed by univariate (OR = 0.245, p = 0.017) and multivariate (OR = 0.058, p = 0.036) regressions, indicating that they may be a protective factor in relation to RPILD (OR = 0.543, p = 0.008) or fatality (OR = 0.707, p = 0.012), which was also demonstrated in subgroup analyses. Conclusions: In contrast to various risk factors for RPILD or mortality, anti-SAE antibodies might conversely be a protective factor in anti-MDA5+ patients.

18.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24605, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312678

RESUMO

Ferulic acid (FA) and ferulic acid methyl ester (FAM) are important phenolic compounds in Baijiu. In this study, the interaction of FA and FAM with human serum albumin (HSA) and lysozyme (LZM) was investigated using multispectral methods and molecular dynamics simulation. FA and FAM could interact with HSA and LZM, changing the conformation and hydrophilicity of the protein. The quenching mechanisms of FA-HSA, FA-LZM, FAM-HSA, and FAM-LZM were all static-quenching. In the FA-HSA, FAM-HSA, and FA-LZM systems, the interaction forces were mainly hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding. In the FAM-LZM system, the interaction forces were mainly hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonding, and van der Waals force. Common metal ions such as K+, Ca2+, Cu2+, Mg2+, and Mn2+ could affect the binding ability of FA and FAM to HSA and LZM. Moreover, FA and FAM could increase the stability of HSA and LZM, and the protein bound to FA/FAM was more stable than the free protein. FA and FAM had varying degrees of impact on the physiological activities of HSA and LZM. This study provides relevant information on the interactions and metabolic mechanisms of FA and its derivatives with endogenous proteins.

19.
Langmuir ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315682

RESUMO

Polylactic acid (PLA) fiber is a degradable material with good environmental friendliness for textile applications. However, the main problems of difficult dyeing of PLA fibers were: high crystallinity to the adsorption of dyes, more ester and methyl groups producing non-hydrophilic problems, long chains making dyes difficult to penetrate, and producing a low dyeing rate. Here, we attempted to change the crystallinity of the PLA fiber to a lower degree from hydrophobic to hydrophilicity property variation, destroy the long chain structure to grant more staining sites, and improve the PLA fiber staining depth and the resilience dyeing effect with deep eutectic solvent (DES) treatment and natural dyes. We discovered that a controlled DES treatment process could make PLA fibers less crystallized, help amorphous areas form, and break up long chains, which lead to more dye sites. After DES treatment, the crystallinity decreased from 56.12 to 29.86%, and the instantaneous water contact angle decreased from 108.79 to 64.39°. The DES-treated PLA fabric exhibited a higher K/S value of 15.14 for natural dyes under specific conditions. The fabric, which had remarkable fastness characteristics and wash resistance, could endure frequent laundering and fulfill the demands of everyday use. Moreover, the fabric had good antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans and possessed a certain level of biocompatibility with fibroblasts. This DES treatment and natural dye combination method offered a new strategy for improving PLA fabric staining depth and color fastness, making it a promising option for low-carbon environmental protection in the textile industry.

20.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 24, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic nonhealing wounds remain a considerable challenge in clinical treatment due to excessive inflammation and impeded reepithelialization and angiogenesis. Therefore, the discovery of novel prohealing agents for chronic skin wounds are urgent and important. Amphibian-derived prohealing peptides, especially immunomodulatory peptides, provide a promising strategy for the treatment of chronic skin trauma. However, the mechanism of immunomodulatory peptides accelerating the skin wound healing remains poorly understood. METHODS: The prohealing ability of peptide Andersonin-W1 (AW1) was assessed by cell scratch, cell proliferation, transwell, and tube formation. Next, full-thickness, deep second-degree burns and diabetic full-thickness skin wounds in mice were performed to detect the therapeutic effects of AW1. Moreover, the tissue regeneration and expression of inflammatory cytokines were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunohistochemistry staining. Molecular docking, colocalization, and western blotting were used to explore the mechanism of AW1 in promoting wound healing. RESULTS: We provide solid evidence to display excellent prohealing effects of AW1, identified as a short antimicrobial peptide in our previous report. At relative low concentration of nM, AW1 promoted the proliferation, migration, and scratch repair of keratinocyte, macrophage proliferation, and tube formation of HUVEC. AW1 also facilitated reepithelialization, granulation regeneration, and angiogenesis, thus significantly boosting the healing of full-thickness, deep second-degree burns and diabetic skin wounds in mice. Mechanistically, in macrophages, AW1 directly bound to Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the extracellular region and regulated the downstream nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway to facilitate the inflammatory factor secretion and suppress excessive inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Moreover, AW1 regulated macrophage polarization to promote the transition from the inflammatory to the proliferative phase and then facilitated reepithelialization, granulation regeneration, and angiogenesis, thus exhibiting excellent therapeutic effects on diabetic skin wounds. CONCLUSIONS: AW1 modulates inflammation and the wound healing process by the TLR4/NF-κB molecular axis, thus facilitating reepithelialization, granulation regeneration, and angiogenesis. These findings not only provided a promising multifunctional prohealing drug candidate for chronic nonhealing skin wounds but also highlighted the unique roles of "small" peptides in the elucidation of "big" human disease mechanisms.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Pele/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos/química , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
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