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1.
Clin Spine Surg ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723028

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) as a guide to bone layer estimation was examined during posterior cervical spine lamina grinding. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of IONM to estimate bone layer thickness. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical laminoplasty is a classic operation for cervical spondylosis. To increase safety and accuracy, surgery-assistant robots are currently being studied. It combines the advantages of various program awareness methods to form a feasible security strategy. In the field of spinal surgery, robots have been successfully used to help place pedicle screws. IONM is used to monitor intraoperative nerve conditions in spinal surgery. This study was designed to explore the feasibility of adding IONM to robot safety strategies. METHODS: Chinese miniature pig model was used. Electrodes were placed on the lamina, and the minimum stimulation threshold of DNEP for each lamina was measured (Intact lamina, IL). The laminae were ground to measure the DNEP threshold after incomplete grinding (Inner cortical bone preserved, ICP) and complete grinding (Inner cortical bone grinded, ICG). Subsequently, the lateral cervical mass screw canal drilling was performed, and the t-EMG threshold of the intact and perforated screw canals was measured and compared. RESULT: The threshold was significantly lower than that of the recommended threshold of DENP via percutaneous cervical laminae measurement. The DNEP threshold decreases with the process of laminae grinding. The DNEP threshold of the IL group was significantly higher than ICP and ICG group, while there was no significant difference between the ICP group and the ICG group. There was no significant relationship between the integrity of the cervical spine lateral mass screw path and t-EMG threshold. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to use DENP threshold to estimate lamina thickness. Cervical lateral mass screw canals by t-EMG showed no help to evaluate the integrity.

2.
Ther Drug Monit ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in metabolic enzymes and co-administration of drugs may affect the blood concentration of pirfenidone effective in pulmonary fibrosis. To provide a basis for the precise clinical use of pirfenidone, the authors analyzed the correlation between steady-state pirfenidone trough concentration and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and examined the impact of CYP1A2*1C (rs2069514) and *1F (rs762551) variants and co-administration on pirfenidone blood concentrations and ADRs. METHODS: Forty-four patients were enrolled. The blood concentration of pirfenidone was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography. CYP1A2*1C and *1F genotypes were determined using direct SNP sequencing. Additional information related to drug associations was collected to screen factors affecting drug metabolism. RESULTS: The highest predictive value of ADRs was observed when the steady-state trough concentration of pirfenidone was 3.18 mcg·mL-1 and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.701 (P = 0.024). The pirfenidone concentration-to-dose ratio (C/D) in CYP1A2*1F homozygous AA mutants was lower than that in C carriers (CC+AC) (1.28 ± 0.85 vs. 2.03 ± 1.28 mcg·mL-1; P = 0.036). Adverse drug reaction (ADR) incidence in the homozygous AA mutant group (28.0%) was significantly lower than that in the C carriers (CC+AC) (63.2%; P = 0.020), and ADR incidence in the A carriers (AC+AA) was considerably lower than that in the CC group (85.7%; P = 0.039). The C/D value of the combined lansoprazole/rabeprazole group was lower than that of the noncombination group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The ADR incidence was positively correlated with pirfenidone blood concentration. The CYP1A2 (rs762551) AA genotype is associated with lower pirfenidone concentrations and fewer ADRs. Lansoprazole/rabeprazole co-administration reduced pirfenidone concentrations. Randomized controlled trials should further explore personalized dosing of pirfenidone and combination therapies.

3.
Cell Rep Med ; : 101533, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744278

RESUMO

Brain metastases (BrMs) are the leading cause of death in patients with solid cancers. BrMs exhibit a highly immunosuppressive milieu and poor response to immunotherapies; however, the underlying mechanism remains largely unclear. Here, we show that upregulation of HSP47 in tumor cells drives metastatic colonization and outgrowth in the brain by creating an immunosuppressive microenvironment. HSP47-mediated collagen deposition in the metastatic niche promotes microglial polarization to the M2 phenotype via the α2ß1 integrin/nuclear factor κB pathway, which upregulates the anti-inflammatory cytokines and represses CD8+ T cell anti-tumor responses. Depletion of microglia reverses HSP47-induced inactivation of CD8+ T cells and abolishes BrM. Col003, an inhibitor disrupting HSP47-collagen association restores an anti-tumor immunity and enhances the efficacy of anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy in BrM-bearing mice. Our study supports that HSP47 is a critical determinant of M2 microglial polarization and immunosuppression and that blocking the HSP47-collagen axis represents a promising therapeutic strategy against brain metastatic tumors.

4.
Case Rep Infect Dis ; 2024: 7219952, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737750

RESUMO

Over 200 different serogroups of Vibrio cholerae based on O-polysaccharide specificity have been described worldwide, including the two most important serogroups, O1 and O139. Non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae serogroups generally do not produce the cholera-causing toxin but do sporadically cause gastroenteritis and extra-intestinal infections. Recently, however, bloodstream infections caused by non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae are being increasingly reported, and these infections are associated with high mortality in immunocompromised hosts. We describe a case of non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae bacteremia in a patient with autoimmune pancreatitis and stenosis of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. The clinical manifestations of bacteremia were fever and mild digestive symptoms. The blood cultures showed V. cholerae, which was identified as a non-O1, non-O139 serogroup by slide agglutination tests and PCR. The bloodstream infection of the patient was likely caused by the consumption of contaminated seafood at a banquet. The patient recovered after the administration of a third-generation cephalosporin. Non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae infection presents with or without gastrointestinal manifestations; close attention should be paid to the possibility of disseminated non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae infection in high-risk patients.

5.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 277, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic disorders (MetDs) have been demonstrated to be closely linked to numerous diseases. However, the precise association between MetDs and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) remains poorly understood. METHOD: Summary statistics for exposure and outcomes from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) for exposures and outcomes were obtained from the BioBank Japan Project (BBJ) Gene-exposure dataset. The 14 clinical factors were categorized into three groups: metabolic laboratory markers, blood pressure, and the MetS diagnostic factors. The causal relationship between metabolic factors and PTB were analyzed using two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR). Additionally, the direct effects on the risk of PTB were investigated through multivariable MR. The primary method employed was the inverse variance-weighted (IVW) model. The sensitivity of this MR analysis was evaluated using MR-Egger regression and the MR-PRESSO global test. RESULTS: According to the two-sample MR, HDL-C, HbA1c, TP, and DM were positively correlated with the incidence of active TB. According to the multivariable MR, HDL-C (IVW: OR 2.798, 95% CI 1.484-5.274, P = 0.001), LDL (IVW: OR 4.027, 95% CI 1.140-14.219, P = 0.03) and TG (IVW: OR 2.548, 95% CI 1.269-5.115, P = 0.009) were positively correlated with the occurrence of PTB. TC (OR 0.131, 95% CI 0.028-0.607, P = 0.009) was negatively correlated with the occurrence of PTB. We selected BMI, DM, HDL-C, SBP, and TG as the diagnostic factors for metabolic syndrome. DM (IVW, OR 1.219, 95% CI 1.040-1.429 P = 0.014) and HDL-C (IVW, OR 1.380, 95% CI 1.035-1.841, P = 0.028) were directly correlated with the occurrence of PTB. CONCLUSIONS: This MR study demonstrated that metabolic disorders, mainly hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia, are associated with the incidence of active pulmonary tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Doenças Metabólicas , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Humanos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/genética , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/sangue , Doenças Metabólicas/genética , Doenças Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116702, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729052

RESUMO

In recent years, nanoparticles have been broadly utilized in various drugs delivery formulations. Nanodelivery systems have shown promise in solving problems associated with the distribution of hydrophobic drugs and have promoted the accumulation of nanomedicines in the circulation or in organs. However, the injection dose of nanoparticles (NPs) is much greater than that needed by diseased tissues or organs. In other words, most of the NPs are localized off-target and do not reach the desired tissue or organs. With the rapid development of biodegradable and biosafety nanomaterials, the nanovectors represent assurance of safety. However, the off-target effects also induce concerns about the application of NPs, especially in the delivery of gene editing tools. Therefore, a complete understanding of the biological responses to NPs in the body will clearly guide the design of targeted delivery of NPs. The different properties of various nanodelivery systems may induce diverse interactions between carriers and organs. In this review, we describe the relationship between the liver, the most influenced organ of systemic administration of NPs, and targeted delivery nanoplatforms. Various transport vehicles have adopted multiple delivery strategies for the targeted delivery to the cells in the homeostasis liver and in diseased liver. Additionally, nanodelivery systems provide a novel strategy for treating incurable diseases. The appearance of a targeted delivery has profoundly improved the application of NPs to liver diseases.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729523

RESUMO

Drug-induced liver injury is a prevalent severe adverse event in clinical settings, leading to increased medical burdens for patients and presenting challenges for the development and commercialization of novel pharmaceuticals. Research has revealed a close association between gut microbiota and drug-induced liver injury in recent years. However, there has yet to be a consensus on the specific mechanism by which gut microbiota is involved in drug-induced liver injury. Gut microbiota may contribute to drug-induced liver injury by increasing intestinal permeability, disrupting intestinal metabolite homeostasis, and promoting inflammation and oxidative stress. Alterations in gut microbiota were found in drug-induced liver injury caused by antibiotics, psychotropic drugs, acetaminophen, anti-tuberculosis drugs, and anti-thyroid drugs. Specific gut microbiota and their abundance are closely associated with the severity of drug-induced liver injury. Therefore, gut microbiota is expected to be a new target for the treatment of drug-induced liver injury. In this review, we focus on the association of gut microbiota with common hepatotoxic drugs and the potential mechanisms by which gut microbiota may contribute to the pathogenesis of drug-induced liver injury, providing a more comprehensive reference for the interaction between drug-induced liver injury and gut microbiota.

8.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 418: 110741, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733636

RESUMO

Plant volatile organic compounds (PVOCs) have gained increasing attention for their role in preventing fungal spoilage and insect contamination in postharvest agro-products owing to their effectiveness and sustainability. In this study, the essential oil was extracted from fresh M. alternifolia (tea tree) leaves, and the fumigation vapor of tea tree oil (TTO) completely inhibited the growth of Aspergillus flavus on agar plates at a concentration of 1.714 µL/mL. Terpinen-4-ol was identified as the major component (40.76 %) of TTO volatiles analyzed using headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Terpinen-4-ol vapor completely inhibited the A. flavus growth on agar plates and 20 % moisture wheat grain at 0.556 and 1.579 µL/mL, respectively, indicating that terpinen-4-ol serves as the main antifungal constituent in TTO volatiles. The minimum inhibitory concentration of terpinen-4-ol in liquid-contact culture was 1.6 µL/mL. Terpinen-4-ol treatment caused depressed, wrinkled, and punctured mycelial morphology and destroyed the plasma membrane integrity of A. flavus. Metabolomics analysis identified significant alterations in 93 metabolites, with 79 upregulated and 14 downregulated in A. flavus mycelia exposed to 1.6 µL/mL terpinen-4-ol for 6 h, involved in multiple cellular processes including cell membrane permeability and integrity, the ABC transport system, pentose phosphate pathway, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Biochemical analysis and 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate staining showed that terpinen-4-ol induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in A. flavus mycelia. This study provides new insights into the antifungal effects of the main TTO volatile compounds terpinen-4-ol on the growth of A. flavus.

9.
World Neurosurg ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734168

RESUMO

OBJECTIV: To evaluate the risk factors of new osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). METHODS: From January 2016 to November 2019, patients suffering from OVCFs were retrospectively reviewed. The independent influence factors for new OVCFs after PVP were assessed, from following variables: age, sex, BMI, BMD, history of alcoholism, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, glucocorticoid use, and prior vertebral fractures, the number of initial fractures, mean cement volume, method of puncture, D-type of cement leakage and regular anti-osteoporosis treatment. RESULTS: A total of 268 patients with 347 levels met the inclusion criteria and were finally included in this study. 49 levels of new OVCFs among 33 patients (12.31%) were observed during the follow-up period. It indicated that female (Adjusted OR: 6.812, 95%CI: [1.096, 42.337], P = 0.040), lower BMD (Adjusted OR: 0.477, 95%CI: [0.300, 0.759], P = 0.002), prior vertebral fractures (Adjusted OR: 16.145, 95%CI: [5.319, 49.005], P = 0.000), and regular anti-osteoporosis treatment (Adjusted OR: 0.258, 95%CI: [0.086, 0.774], P = 0.016) were independent influence factors for new OVCF. The cut-off value of BMD to reach new OVCF was -3.350, with a sensitivity of 0.660 and a specificity of 0.848. CONCLUSION: Female, lower BMD (T- score of lumbar), prior vertebral fractures and regular anti-osteoporosis treatment were independent influencing factors. BMD (T- score of lumbar) lower than -3.350 would increase risk for new OVCF, and none osteoporotic treatment has detrimental effect on new onset fractures following PVP.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(19): 24879-24888, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695482

RESUMO

Upconversion luminescence plays a crucial role in various technological applications, and among the various valence states of lanthanide elements, Ln3+ has the highest stability. The 4f orbitals of these elements are in a fully empty, semifull, or full state. This special 4f electron configuration allows them to exhibit rich discrete energy levels. However, the 4f-4f transition of Ln3+ rare earth ions itself is prohibited, resulting in a lower luminescence efficiency. This limitation greatly hinders the practical application of upconversion luminescence. In this study, we report nanostructured luminescence-enhanced substrate platforms with both semiconductive local surface plasmons and spatially confined domain effects on a single defect semiconductor substrate. By coupling NaYF4:Yb-Er nanoparticle emitters to the surface of Ti3O5 NC-arrays plasmonic nanostructures, an ultrabright luminescence with a 32-fold increase in green emission and a 40-fold increase in red emission was achieved. Furthermore, the fluorescence resonance energy transfer characteristics observed in the R6G/NaYF4/Ti3O5 NC-array composite film enable accurate detection of fluorescent molecules. The results provide an innovative and intelligent approach to enhance the upconversion luminescence intensity of rare-doped nanoparticles and develop highly sensitive molecular detection systems based on the above luminescence enhancement.

11.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 134: 112238, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735259

RESUMO

Autoimmune rheumatic diseases are chronic conditions affecting multiple systems and often occurring in young women of childbearing age. The diseases and the physiological characteristics of pregnancy significantly impact maternal-fetal health and pregnancy outcomes. Currently, the integration of big data with healthcare has led to the increasing popularity of using machine learning (ML) to mine clinical data for studying pregnancy complications. In this review, we introduce the basics of ML and the recent advances and trends of ML in different prediction applications for common pregnancy complications by autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Finally, the challenges and future for enhancing the accuracy, reliability, and clinical applicability of ML in prediction have been discussed. This review will provide insights into the utilization of ML in identifying and assisting clinical decision-making for pregnancy complications, while also establishing a foundation for exploring comprehensive management strategies for pregnancy and enhancing maternal and child health.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738662

RESUMO

Cosmetics and topical medications, such as gels, foams, creams, and lotions, are viscoelastic substances that are applied to the skin or mucous membranes. The human perception of these materials is complex and involves multiple sensory modalities. Traditional panel-based sensory evaluations have limitations due to individual differences in sensory receptors and factors such as age, race, and gender. Therefore, this study proposes a deep-learning-based method for systematically analyzing and effectively identifying the physical properties of cosmetic gels. Time-series friction signals generated by rubbing the gels were measured. These signals were preprocessed through short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and continuous wavelet transform (CWT), respectively, and the frequency factors that change over time were distinguished and analyzed. The deep learning model employed a ResNet-based convolution neural network (CNN) structure with optimization achieved through a learning rate scheduler. The optimized STFT-based 2D CNN model outperforms the CWT-based 2D and 1D CNN models. The optimized STFT-based 2D CNN model also demonstrated robustness and reliability through k-fold cross-validation. This study suggests the potential for an innovative approach to replace traditional expert panel evaluations and objectively assess the user experience of cosmetics.

13.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(5): 3478-3488, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695610

RESUMO

Static three-dimensional (3D) cell culture has been demonstrated in ultralow attachment well plates, hanging droplet plates, and microtiter well plates with hydrogels or magnetic nanoparticles. Although it is simple, reproducible, and relatively inexpensive, thus potentially used for high-throughput screening, statically cultured 3D cells often suffer from a necrotic core due to limited nutrient and oxygen diffusion and waste removal and have a limited in vivo-like tissue structure. Here, we overcome these challenges by developing a pillar/perfusion plate platform and demonstrating high-throughput, dynamic 3D cell culture. Cell spheroids were loaded on the pillar plate with hydrogel by simple sandwiching and encapsulation and cultured dynamically in the perfusion plate on a digital rocker. Unlike traditional microfluidic devices, fast flow velocity was maintained within perfusion wells and the pillar plate was separated from the perfusion plate for cell-based assays. It was compatible with common lab equipment and allowed cell culture, testing, staining, and imaging in situ. The pillar/perfusion plate enhanced cell growth by rapid diffusion, reproducibility, assay throughput, and user friendliness in a dynamic 3D cell culture.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células em Três Dimensões , Proliferação de Células , Técnicas de Cultura de Células em Três Dimensões/métodos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células em Três Dimensões/instrumentação , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Perfusão/instrumentação , Hidrogéis/química , Esferoides Celulares/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/instrumentação
14.
Immunol Lett ; 267: 106861, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697225

RESUMO

Hematopoietic precursors (HPCs) entering into the thymus undergo a sequential process leading to the generation of a variety of T cell subsets. This developmental odyssey unfolds in distinct stages within the thymic cortex and medulla, shaping the landscape of T cell receptor (TCR) expression and guiding thymocytes through positive and negative selection. Initially, early thymic progenitors (ETPs) take residence in the thymic cortex, where thymocytes begin to express their TCR and undergo positive selection. Subsequently, thymocytes transition to the thymic medulla, where they undergo negative selection. Both murine and human thymocyte development can be broadly classified into distinct stages based on the expression of CD4 and CD8 coreceptors, resulting in categorizations as double negative (DN), double positive (DP) or single positive (SP) cells. Thymocyte migration to the appropriate thymic microenvironment at the right differentiation stage is pivotal for the development and the proper functioning of T cells, which is critical for adaptive immune responses. The journey of lymphoid progenitor cells into the T cell developmental pathway hinges on an ongoing dialogue between the differentiating cell and the signals emanating from the thymus niche. Herein, we review the contribution of the key factors mentioned above for the localization, migration and emigration of thymocytes.

15.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1911-1918, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766680

RESUMO

The liver receives blood from both the hepatic artery and portal vein. Hepatic infarction is rare in clinical practice as both the hepatic artery and portal vein can supply blood to the liver. Here, we reported a case of a 75-year-old man who underwent radical laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer and subsequently developed hepatic infarction. The patient experienced severe infection, as well as circulatory and respiratory failure on the third day after surgery. The patient presented with high fever, chest tightness, shortness of breath, decreased blood oxygen saturation and blood pressure. The leukocyte count decreased from 8.10 × 10^9/L to 1.75 × 10^9/L. Procalcitonin (PCT) levels increased from 1.02 ng/mL to 67.14 ng/mL, and eventually reaching levels over 200 ng/mL. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of hepatic infarction, but no thrombosis was observed in the hepatic artery or portal vein. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) identified hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in the patient's blood and ascites, one day earlier than the detection results using traditional culture methods. The patient was diagnosed with hepatic infarction combined with septic shock caused by hvKp. This case emphasizes that in the high-risk group of thrombosis, infection can trigger exacerbated hepatic infarction events, particularly in cases after surgical procedures. For severely ill patients with infectious diseases who are admitted to the ICU with worsening symptoms, it is important to collect appropriate samples and send them for pathogen detection using mNGS in a timely manner. This may aid in early intervention and improve clinical outcomes.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774116

RESUMO

Background: Real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been the gold standard for diagnosing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but has a lag time for the results. An effective prediction algorithm for infectious COVID-19, utilized at the emergency department (ED), may reduce the risk of healthcare-associated COVID-19. Objective: To develop a prototypic prediction model for infectious COVID-19 at the time of presentation to the ED. Material and methods: Retrospective cohort study of all adult patients admitted to Singapore General Hospital (SGH) through ED between March 15, 2020, and December 31, 2022, with admission of COVID-19 RT-PCR results. Two prediction models were developed and evaluated using area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) to identify infectious COVID-19 patients (cycle threshold (Ct) of <25). Results: Total of 78,687 patients were admitted to SGH through ED during study period. 6,132 of them tested severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 positive on RT-PCR. Nearly 70% (4,226 of 6,132) of the patients had infectious COVID-19 (Ct<25). Model that included demographics, clinical history, symptom and laboratory variables had AUROC of 0.85 with sensitivity and specificity of 80.0% & 72.1% respectively. When antigen rapid test results at ED were available and added to the model for a subset of the study population, AUROC reached 0.97 with sensitivity and specificity of 95.0% and 92.8% respectively. Both models maintained respective sensitivity and specificity results when applied to validation data. Conclusion: Clinical predictive models based on available information at ED can be utilized for identification of infectious COVID-19 patients and may enhance infection prevention efforts.

17.
Liver Int ; 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The International AIH Pathology Group (IAIH-PG) put forward the new histological criteria of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in 2022, which have not undergone adequate verification. In this study, we verified the applicability of the new histological criteria in the population of Chinese patients with chronic liver disease, comparing it with the simplified criteria. METHODS: The gold standard for diagnosis in all patients was based on histological findings, combined with clinical manifestations and laboratory tests and determined after a follow-up period of at least 3 years. A total of 640 patients with various chronic liver diseases from multiple centres underwent scoring using the new histological criteria and the simplified criteria, comparing their diagnostic performance. RESULTS: In this study, the new histological criteria showed a sensitivity of 73.6% and 100% for likely and possible AIH, with specificities of 100% and 69.0% respectively. The coincidence rates of possible AIH for the new histological criteria, simplified histological criteria and simplified score were 81.7%, 72.8% and 69.7% respectively. For likely AIH, the rates were 89.2%, 75.9% and 65.6% respectively. Based on the new histological criteria, all patients with AIH were correctly diagnosed. Specifically, 73.6% were diagnosed with likely AIH and 26.4% were possible AIH. Additionally, the simplified histological criteria achieved a diagnosis rate of 98.6% for AIH, while the simplified score could only diagnose 53.8% of AIH. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the simplified score and simplified histological criteria, the sensitivity and specificity of the new histological criteria for AIH were significantly improved. The results indicate that the new histological criteria exhibit high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing AIH in China.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for a high proportion of tumor deaths globally, while methyltransferase-related lncRNAs in LUAD were poorly studied. METHODS: In our study, we focused on two distinct cohorts, TCGA-LUAD and GSE3021, to establish a signature of methyltransferase-related long non-coding RNAs (MeRlncRNAs) in LUAD. We employed univariate Cox and LASSO regression analyses as our main analytical tools. The GSE30219 cohort served as the validation cohort for our findings. Furthermore, to explore the differential pathway enrichments between groups stratified by risk, we utilized Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA). Additionally, single-sample GSEA (ssGSEA) was conducted to assess the immune infiltration landscape within each sample. Reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was also performed to verify the expression of prognostic lncRNAs in both clinically normal and LUAD samples. RESULTS: In LUAD, we identified a set of 32 MeRlncRNAs. We further narrowed our focus to six prognostic lncRNAs to develop gene signatures. The TCGA-LUAD cohort and GSE30219 were utilized to validate the risk score model derived from these signatures. Our analysis showed that the risk score served as an independent prognostic factor, linked to immune-related pathways. Additionally, the analysis of immune infiltration revealed that the immune landscape in high-risk groups was suppressed, which could contribute to poorer prognoses. We also constructed a regulatory network comprising 6 prognostic lncRNAs, 19 miRNAs, and 21 mRNAs. Confirmatory RT-qPCR results aligned with public database findings, verifying the expression of these prognostic lncRNAs in the samples. CONCLUSION: The prognostic gene signature of LUAD associated with MeRlncRNAs that we provided, may offer us a comprehensive picture of the prognosis prediction for LUAD patients.

19.
RSC Adv ; 14(22): 15812-15820, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752159

RESUMO

This study reports the synthesis of a novel superplasticizer, poly(poly(ethylene glycol)methacrylate)-poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PPEGMA-PVPA), containing phosphate moieties via solution radical polymerization. By adjusting the feed ratios of monomers, PPEGMA-PVPA copolymers with different phosphate group densities were obtained, and their chemical structure was characterized via FT-IR, 1H NMR spectroscopy and ICP-OES. The results demonstrated that about 70% of the VPA monomer was polymerized. The thermostability of PPEGMA-PVPA was also determined through DSC and TGA. The adsorption-dispersion performance onto cement pastes was investigated using mini-slump test, TOC and zeta potential analysis. It was demonstrated that the adsorption capacity of PPEGMA-PVPA onto cement paste was about 1.4 times stronger than that of the reference polycarboxylate superplasticizer and exhibited excellent adsorption-dispersion performance.

20.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 12672-12706, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717959

RESUMO

Since their introduction in 2004, high entropy alloys (HEAs) have attracted significant attention due to their exceptional mechanical and functional properties. Advances in our understanding of atomic-scale ordering and phase formation in HEAs have facilitated the development of fabrication techniques for synthesizing nanostructured HEAs. These materials hold immense potential for applications in various fields including automobile industries, aerospace engineering, microelectronics, and clean energy, where they serve as either structural or functional materials. In this comprehensive Review, we conduct an in-depth analysis of the mechanical and functional properties of nanostructured HEAs, with a particular emphasis on the roles of different nanostructures in modulating these properties. To begin, we explore the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence the formation and stability of nanostructures in HEAs. Subsequently, we delve into an examination of the mechanical and electrocatalytic properties exhibited by bulk or three-dimensional (3D) nanostructured HEAs, as well as nanosized HEAs in the form of zero-dimensional (0D) nanoparticles, one-dimensional (1D) nanowires, or two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets. Finally, we present an outlook on the current research landscape, highlighting the challenges and opportunities associated with nanostructure design and the understanding of structure-property relationships in nanostructured HEAs.

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