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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118830, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858451

RESUMO

Hypochlorite, as one of reactive oxygen species, has drawn much attention due to its essential roles in special biological events and disorders. The exogenous hypochlorite remains a risk for human, animals and plants. In this work, a novel water soluble quinolin-containing nitrone derivative T has been developed for fluorometric sensing hypochlorite. The response mechanism of T towards ClO- was reported for the first time. In comparison with the reported sensors for ClO-, the sensor T in this work exhibited advantages including high selectivity (80 fold over other analytes), rapid response (within 5 s) and lipid-water distribution transformation (LogP from 2.979 to 6.131). Further biological applications suggested that T was capable of monitoring both exogenous and endogenous ClO- in living cells. The imaging in Arabidopsis thaliana indicated that the absorption and transmission of ClO- in plant could be monitored by this sensor through the chlorine-related mechanism. This work might raise referable information for further investigations in the physiological and pathological events in both tumor and plants.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118879, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920440

RESUMO

A novel curcumin-analogous fluorescent sensor, DNP, was developed for cysteine detection with a bilateral-response click-like mechanism. DNP indicated high selectivity and practical sensitivity. It could recognize Cys from other biologically relevant molecules, especially, from GSH and Hcy. The most interesting point was that, with typical azide groups for sensing, DNP indicated a covalent binding procedure with Cys instead of a presupposed simple reduction for reductive sulfide. Moreover, the recognition occurred at both sides of the sensor. DNP could be utilized into the detection of endogenous and exogenous Cys in living cells. Though the specific optical performances of DNP still need optimization, this work supplied novel information for broadening the vision on fluorophores and mechanisms, for the monitoring of Cys and even other sulfur-containing species.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 131: 110700, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152906

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect and mechanism of i-type lysozyme on cutaneous wound healing animal model and Multiple cell models both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Therefore, to evaluate its regenerative efficacy on wound healing process, we daily applied i-type lysozyme on murine full-thickness excisional wounds. After sacrifice on indicated days, skin tissues around surgical defects were harvested and assessed for re-epithelialization, granulation tissue formation, neovascularization and remodeling. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, i-type lysozyme was analyzed for its tissue regenerative potency on the proliferation, invasion, migration and tube formation against keratinocytes, fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Antioxidant and antimicrobial experiments were also conducted to elucidate protective ability of i-type lysozyme to wound bed. RESULTS: It displayed excellent bi-directional regulation in wound repair, with significant acceleration of epidermal and dermal regeneration as well as the efficient attenuation of excessive collagen deposition and fibrosis in the surgical lesion. I-type lysozyme treatment augmented the proliferation and migration of HaCaT, NIH 3T3 and HUVECs, enhanced the invasion of HaCaT and HUVECs as well as accelerated tube formation of HUVECs. Additionally, it significantly recovered the proliferation of H2O2-damaged cells, whereas represented no microbicidal effect under effective concentration of wound healing. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate the bi-directional regulation of i-type lysozyme in wound healing process through promoting tissue regeneration while hampering scar formation, implying that it is a promising therapeutic agent for wound repair.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124047, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153781

RESUMO

The possible application of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) to alleviate arsenic bioaccumulation in rice seedlings and such a functioning with their crystalline structure were investigated. Specifically, nano-TiO2 with anatase and rutile structures and the bulk TiO2 at 0, 10, 100, and 1000 mg/L were amended to the hydroponic exposure systems with arsenic concentration at 1 mg/L, and the plant was exposed for 7 days. Our findings indicated that nano-TiO2 significantly reduced arsenic bioaccumulation in rice seedlings by 40-90% via strong sorption process, but their growth was not affected. Nano-TiO2 amendment notably alleviated oxidative stress resulting from arsenic exposure. Without nano-TiO2 amendment, the iron plaque on root surfaces served as a strong barrier to inhibit arsenic uptake by rice seedlings. Interestingly, nano-TiO2 amendment significantly decreased the iron plaque amount by 50-63% and weakened the arsenic retention in this barrier by 47-99%, further verifying the overwhelming superiority of nano-TiO2 in inhibiting arsenic uptake by rice seedlings. Rutile nano-TiO2 (NRT) at 1000 mg/L presented to be a promising candidate for controlling arsenic uptake by the exposed rice seedlings, with no significant oxidative stress by the amended nano-TiO2, thereby mitigating health risk of arsenic to humans via food chain.

5.
Oncol Rep ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169800

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most lethal gynecological malignancies in the world. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of microRNA (miR)-134-3p in OC. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was used to measure the expression levels of miR-134-3p. Cell Counting Kit-8, TUNEL, flow cytometric and colony formation assays were performed to examine the effects of miR-134-3p on OC cell proliferation. Moreover, wound healing and Transwell assays were performed to examine the effects on migration and invasion. In addition, western blot analyses were used to assess protein expression. Finally, the target genes of miR-134-3p were analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay. The results revealed that miR-134-3p expression was low in OC cells compared with in normal ovarian cells. The overexpression of miR-134-3p decreased cell viability, facilitated cell apoptosis, inhibited cell proliferation and arrested the cell cycle in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. Furthermore, transfection using a miR-134-3p mimic inhibited the migration and invasion of SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells, and decreased the protein expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)2 and MMP9. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that one of the potential target genes of miR-134-3p was flap structure-specific endonuclease 1 (FEN1), which was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, overexpression of miR-134-3p decreased the expression levels of FEN1 in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. Additionally, overexpression of FEN1 reversed the effects of the miR-134-3p mimic on the proliferation, migration and invasion of SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells. Overall, the findings of the present study demonstrated that miR-134-3p may inhibit OC cell proliferation, migration and invasion by directly targeting FEN1.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143348, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162137

RESUMO

Biofouling caused by the growth of the biofilm is the main bottleneck that limits the effective operation of thin-film composite (TFC) membrane in the forward osmosis (FO) process. This study investigated the combined effects of graphene oxide (GO) immobilized thin-film nanocomposite (TFN-S) membrane and Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS)-based quorum quenching on biofouling mitigation, especially under the operation of pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) mode, and the influence of methyl anthranilate (MA) inhibitor on the composition and structure of biofilm was also evaluated. Synthetic wastewater was used as the feed solution, in which the model strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa was added to simulate biofouling. The results showed that GO modification and MA addition both efficiently mitigated flux decline and EPS secretion, but the interference of PQS pathway on biofouling control was better than GO embedding. TFN-S membrane with MA addition exhibited superior anti-biofouling performance based on the combined effects of GO and MA. The alleviated concentration polarization and enhanced hydrophilicity of the TFN-S membrane reduced the flux decline in the early stage. Additionally, the antibacterial property of GO inhibited the viability of the attached bacteria (under PRO mode) and MA further mitigated the EPS secretion and biofilm development in the later stage. In the presence of PQS inhibitor MA, live/total cells ratio was 15% and 13% higher than that of TFC membrane in FO and PRO modes, respectively. Furthermore, exogenous addition of MA led to a relatively loose biofilm structure, resulting in high membrane permeability in the biofouling formation process.

7.
J Food Biochem ; : e13544, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147650

RESUMO

Inflammation is a protective response of the immune defense system and inflammatory response could be regulated by autophagy. ß-Carotene has shown anti-inflammatory potential. However, whether ß-carotene could alleviate rat intestinal inflammation by modulating autophagy and its anti-inflammation underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we found that ß-carotene significantly reduced (p < .05) the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin (PG)E2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) levels by the Griess reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and we found that ß-carotene significantly suppressed (p < .05) the mRNA expression levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α by RT-PCR. In addition, H&E staining revealed that ß-carotene could improve intestinal morphology and cell morphology. Furthermore, the levels of signaling proteins of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3), AKT, Janus kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were detected by Western blot analysis. We found that ß-carotene significantly attenuated (p < .05) the related signaling proteins activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation in rats. Moreover, this conclusion was also verified in intestinal epithelial cell (IEC)-6. 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is widely used as inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K. Simultaneously, pretreatment of 3-MA suppressed the inhibiting effects of ß-carotene on the related signaling proteins. This study demonstrates that ß-carotene could attenuate the LPS-induced intestinal inflammation in rats via modulating autophagy and regulating the JAK2/STAT3 and JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathways. We also found the same phenomenon when we verified the results with the IEC-6 cells. These findings provide new insights into improving the nutritional value of basic diets and enhancing immune performance. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: ß-Carotene is a generally acknowledged natural carotenoid nutrient that exhibits provitamin A activity, and it is widely found in fruits or vegetables. Our study provide a new insight into the anti-inflammatory mechanism of ß-carotene. Treatment with ß-carotene can be used for the beneficial effect against LPS-induced inflammation damage. This study not only lays the foundation for the related research on the anti-inflammatory properties of ß-carotene in vitro and in rat models, but also holds important significance in the field of food.

8.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203012

RESUMO

This study analyzed dietary assessment and factors according to fruits and vegetables intake in Korean elderly people. We enrolled 8336 Korean elderly people aged ≥65 who participated in the dietary intake survey (24-h recall methods) of the 2013-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination (KNHANES). The intake of fruits and unsalted/non-starchy vegetables was 372.06 g/day. According to age group, the intake in the age group 65-74 years as 422.47 g/day, and the intake in the age group 75 years + was 301.12 g/day. Based on the intake of daily meals and snacks, the intake of fruits and unsalted/non-starchy vegetables was the highest in snack-eating individuals (480.96 g/day). The subjects who consumed more than the World Health Organization (WHO)/World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)'s plant food intake standards (over 400 g/day of intake of fruits and unsalted/non-starchy vegetables) were 35.47% of the elderly people. These results suggest that it is necessary to develop more fundamental strategies to increase fruits and vegetables intake among elderly people. Furthermore, the study outcomes are expected to provide basic information for developing education programs to improve the dietary life of Korean elderly people.

9.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown risky behaviors and risk tolerance are associated with Alzheimer's disease. However, the underlying causality remains unclear. Risky behavior and risk tolerance may induce the onset of Alzheimer's disease, and/or vulnerability to Alzheimer's disease may result in more risky behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To examine bidirectional relationships between risky behavior, risk tolerance, and Alzheimer's disease using Mendelian randomization method for assessing potential causal inference. METHODS: This bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization study used independent genetic variants associated with risky behaviors and risk tolerance (n = 370, 771- 939, 908), and Alzheimer's disease (n = 71, 880 - 37, 613) as genetic instruments from large meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies. RESULTS: Our results support a strong protective casual effect of risk-taking tendency on AD (odds ratio [OR] = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.67- 0.94, p = 0.007). There was weak statistically significant relationship between number of sexual partners and AD (OR = 0.50, 95% CI, 0.27- 0.93, p = 0.04), and between family history of AD and automobile speeding propensity (OR = 1.018, 95% CI, 1.005 to 1.031; p = 0.007). Contrary to expectations, there was no statistically significant causal effect of AD on risk-taking tendency (ß=  0.015, 95% CI, - 0.005 to 0.04; p = 0.14). CONCLUSION: Under Mendelian randomization assumptions, our results suggest a protective relationship between risk-taking tendency and the risk of AD. This finding may provide valuable insights into Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis and the development of preventive strategies.

10.
Nat Metab ; 2(11): 1305-1315, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139959

RESUMO

A long-standing model holds that stochastic aberrations of transcriptional regulation play a key role in the process of ageing. While transcriptional dysregulation is observed in many cell types in the form of increased cell-to-cell variability, its generality to all cell types remains doubted. Here, we propose a new approach for analysing transcriptional regulation in single-cell RNA sequencing data by focusing on the global coordination between the genes rather than the variability of individual genes or correlations between pairs of genes. Consistently, across very different organisms and cell types, we find a decrease in the gene-to-gene transcriptional coordination in ageing cells. In addition, we find that loss of gene-to-gene transcriptional coordination is associated with high mutational load of a specific, age-related signature and with radiation-induced DNA damage. These observations suggest a general, potentially universal, stochastic attribute of transcriptional dysregulation in ageing.

11.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104390, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137555

RESUMO

As an essential enzyme with a variety of physiological functions, Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is also closely related to carcinoma due to the observed overexpression. In this work, a novel series of sulfonamide-containing aminophosphonate derivatives (A1-A25) were developed as selective COX-2 inhibitors and anti-cancer candidates. The top hit compound A23 presented applicative COX-2 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.28 µM) and anti-proliferative capability against several cancer cell lines (IC50 = 2.34-16.43 µM for HeLa, MCF-7, HCT116 and HepG2 cells). Among them, A23 has the most significant inhibitory effect on HCT116 cells, which were comparable with that of the positive controls respectively (eg: IC50 = 8.73 µM for HCT116). The binding pattern of A23 was inferred by the molecular docking simulation. Moreover, A23 could induce the apoptosis via a mitochondrion-dependent mode and cause the arrest of the cell-cycle in G1 stage. A further investigation in the checkpoints of apoptosis indicated that the node Bcl-2 might connect the selective COX-2 inhibition and the anti-tumor activity. Therefore, this work brought new information for developing COX-2 inhibitors in anti-tumor therapies in future.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211602

RESUMO

Background: Abnormalities in the immune system of endometriosis has been demonstrated and may reflect the chronic inflammatory response or the autoimmune reaction to the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease of an autoimmune nature. The study aimed to investigate the risk of incident RA in patients with endometriosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 17,913 patients with endometriosis and 17,913 unaffected controls matched by age, index year, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score were enrolled between 2000 and 2012. Patients were followed until the end of 2013 using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, at which time participants who developed RA were identified. Cox regression analysis was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of RA incidence rate between patients with endometriosis and unaffected controls. Results: Patients with endometriosis were associated with an increased risk of incident RA compared with unaffected controls after adjusting for age, CCI score, and hormonal and surgical treatments (3.56 vs. 1.30 per 10,000 person-years, HR: 3.71, 95% CI: 2.91-5.73). Among these adjusted variables, hormonal and surgical treatments were treated as time-dependent covariates. Stratification analyses also revealed similar risk associations linking endometriosis to subsequent RA in all stratified age and CCI score subgroups (adjusted HR all >1, although not all were significant) Conclusions: Patients with endometriosis was associated with an increased risk of incident RA. Additional prospective studies that take into account genetic vulnerability and environmental exposures are warranted to confirm this relationship.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159661

RESUMO

O-GlcNAcylation is an atypical, reversible, and dynamic glycosylation that plays a critical role in maintaining the normal physiological functions of cells by regulating various biological processes such as signal transduction, proteasome activity, apoptosis, autophagy, transcription, and translation. It can also respond to environmental changes and physiological signals to play the role of "stress receptor" and "nutrition sensor" in a variety of stress responses and biological processes. Even, a homeostatic disorder of O-GlcNAcylation may cause many diseases. Therefore, O-GlcNAcylation and its regulatory role in stress response are reviewed in this paper.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170651

RESUMO

Dehalogenation is one of the most important reactions for eliminating trace organic pollutants in natural and engineering systems. This study investigated the dehalogenation of a model organohalogen compound, triclosan (TCS), by aqueous biochars (a-BCs) (<450 nm). We found that TCS can be anaerobically degraded by reduced a-BCs with a pseudo first-order degradation rate constant of 0.0011-0.011 h-1. The 288 h degradation fraction of TCS correlated significantly with the amount of a-BC-bound electrons (0.055 ± 0.00024 to 0.11 ± 0.0016 mol e-/mol C) available for donation after 24 h of pre-reduction by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. Within the reduction period, the recovery of chlorine based on residual TCS and generated Cl- ranged from 73.6 to 85.2%, implying that a major fraction of TCS was fully dechlorinated, together with mass spectroscopic analysis of possible degradation byproducts. Least-squares numerical fitting, accounting for the reactions of hydroquinones/semiquinones in a-BCs with TCS and byproducts, can simulate the reaction kinetics well (R2 > 0.76) and suggest the first-step dechlorination as the rate-limiting step among the possible pathways. These results showcased that the reduced a-BCs can reductively degrade organohalogens with potential applications for wastewater treatment and groundwater remediation. While TCS was used as a model compound in this study, a-BC-based degradation can be likely applied to a range of redox-sensitive trace organic compounds.

15.
Cytokine ; : 155366, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187817

RESUMO

Our previous study showed that dizocilpine (MK-801) induced schizophrenia-like behavior in rats, enhanced GFAP expression, and activated primary cultured hippocampal astrocytes. Astrocytes play an essential role in neuroinflammation and contribute to the crosstalk that generates chronic neuro-inflammation in neurological diseases. However, the effects of MK-801 treatment on astrocytic neuroinflammatory responses and its mechanism of action have not been studied in detail. To address this issue, IL1ß, IL6, TNFα and IL10 expression and secretion levels were evaluated in hippocampal astrocytes in response to MK-801 for 24 h by ELISA and real-time PCR, with and without pretreatment of either the ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059 or the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002. Cell apoptosis, viability, and proliferation were also examined. MK-801 treatment did not induce hippocampal astrocytes apoptosis or proliferation, however, MK-801 enhanced astrocytes viability. Additionally, the expression and secretion levels of IL1ß, IL6 and TNFα were elevated, but that of IL10 was decreased, in which ERK1/2 and PI3K signals were involved. These findings suggest that hippocampal astrocytes may regulate the expressions of inflammatory cytokines through ERK1/2 and PI3K signaling pathway to participate in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196171

RESUMO

Amino acids are very important for oolong tea brisk-smooth mouthfeel which is mainly associated with bruising and withering treatment (BWT). In this study, metabolome and transcriptome analyses were performed to comprehensively investigate the changes in abundance of amino acids and the expression pattern of relevant genes during BWT of oolong tea manufacturing. Levels of most amino acids increased during BWT in the leaves harvested from 4 cultivars, while expression of the relevant function genes responsible for synthesis and transformation of amino acids up-regulated accordingly. Upstream hub genes including receptor-like protein kinase IKU2, serine/threonine-protein kinase PBL11, MYB transcription factor MYB2, ethylene-responsive transcription factor ERF114, WRKY transcription factor WRKY71, aspartate aminotransferase AATC, UDP-glycosyltransferase U91D1, and 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxoglutarate aldolase 2 RRAA2, were predicted to be involved in regulation of the function genes expression and the amino acids metabolism through weighted gene coexpression network analysis. A modulation mechanism for accumulation of amino acids during BWT was also proposed. These findings give a deep insight into the metabolic reprogramming mechanism of amino acids during BWT of oolong tea.

18.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105305, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197601

RESUMO

On account of incurable castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) inevitably developing after treating with androgen deprivation therapy, it is an urgent need to find new therapeutic strategies. Flubendazole is a well-known anti-malarial drug that is recently reported to be a potential anti-tumor agent in various types of human cancer cells. However, whether flubendazole could inhibit the castration-resistant prostate cancer has not been well charified. Thus, the aim of the present study was to characterize the precise mechanism of action of flubendazole on the CRPC. In this study, we investigated the potential effect of flubendazole on cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell death in CRPC cells (PC3 and DU145). We found that flubendazole inhibited cell proliferation, caused cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase and promoted cell death in vitro, and suppressed growth of CRPC tumor in xenograft models. In addition, we reported that flubendazole induced the expression of P53, which partly accounted for the G2/M phase arrest and led to inhibition of the transcription of SLC7A11, and then downregulated the GPX4, which is a major ferroptosis-related gene. Furthermore, flubendazole exhibited synergistic effect with 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) in chemotherapy of CRPC. This study provides biological evidence that flubendazole is a novel P53 inducer which exerts anti-proliferation and pro-apoptosis effects in CRPC through hindering the cell cycle and activating the ferroptosis, and indicates that a novel utilization of flubendazole in neoadjuvant chemotherapy of CRPC.

19.
J Healthc Eng ; 2020: 8865264, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204405

RESUMO

Objectives: To effectively evaluate the compliance degree between the electronic medical records of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) hospitals, as well as the information platform, and the related information standards of electronic medical records, a standard compliance testing scheme based on electronic medical records of TCM outpatients is proposed. Methods: This research selected the data of clinical outpatients accumulated in 10 years by the Digital Medicine Institute of Chengdu University of TCM and processed the data through security check and desensitization process. And then 28348 cases of processed electronic medical records of TCM outpatients were inputted into the standard compliance testing platform for assessment. The result was then outputted. Results: There are 924 cases among the 28348 that can be rated as five-star medical records, 84 cases four-star, 132 cases three-star, 12460 cases two-star, 13488 one-star, and 1260 cases zero-star through the integrity and standardization test. Conclusion: By the way of assessing the integrity and standardization of data, the standard compliance test algorithm scheme for electronic medical records of TCM outpatients introduced in this paper can solve the problems such as data unavailability caused by ununified codes and incomplete data in the data-sharing process and provides technical support for the construction of data standardization testing in electronic medical records of TCM outpatients.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(22)2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207795

RESUMO

The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas taiwanensis is a novel bacterium that uses shrimp shell waste as its sole sources of carbon and nitrogen. It is a versatile bacterium with potential for use in biological control, with activities including toxicity toward insects, fungi, and the rice pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv.oryzae (Xoo). In this study, the complete 5.08-Mb genome sequence of P. taiwanensis CMS was determined by a combination of NGS/Sanger sequencing and optical mapping. Comparison of optical maps of seven Pseudomonas species showed that P. taiwanensis is most closely related to P. putida KT 2400. We screened a total of 11,646 individual Tn5-transponson tagged strains to identify genes that are involved in the production and regulation of the iron-chelator pyoverdine in P. taiwanensis, which is a key anti-Xoo factor. Our results indicated that the two-component system (TCS) EnvZ/OmpR plays a positive regulatory role in the production of pyoverdine, whereas the sigma factor RpoS functions as a repressor. The knowledge of the molecular basis of the regulation of pyoverdine by P. taiwanensis provided herein will be useful for its development for use in biological control, including as an anti-Xoo agent.

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