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1.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733994

RESUMO

Parietal cells (PCs) produce gastric acid to kill pathogens and aid digestion. Dysregulated PC census is common in disease, yet how PCs differentiate is unclear. Here, we identify the PC progenitors arising from isthmal stem cells, using mouse models and human gastric cells, and show that they preferentially express cell-metabolism regulator and orphan nuclear receptor Estrogen-related receptor gamma (Esrrg, encoding ERRγ). Esrrg expression facilitated the tracking of stepwise molecular, cellular, and ultrastructural stages of PC differentiation. EsrrgP2ACreERT2 lineage tracing revealed that Esrrg expression commits progenitors to differentiate into mature PCs. scRNA-seq indicated the earliest Esrrg+ PC progenitors preferentially express SMAD4 and SP1 transcriptional targets and the GTPases regulating acid-secretion signal transduction. As progenitors matured, ERRγ-dependent metabolic transcripts predominated. Organoid and mouse studies validated the requirement of ERRγ for PC differentiation. Our work chronicles stem cell differentiation along a single lineage in vivo and suggests ERRγ as a therapeutic target for PC-related disorders.

2.
Small Methods ; : e2400159, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697928

RESUMO

Regular blood glucose monitoring and control is necessary for people with type 1 or advanced type 2 diabetes, yet diagnosing and treating patients with diabetes in an accurate, sustained and patient-friendly manner remains limited. Here, a glucose-responsive bifunctional nanosystem (PGOxMns) is constructed via one-pot biomineralisation of manganese dioxide with glucose oxidase and ε-poly-L-lysine. Under hyperglycaemic conditions, the cascade reactions that occur when glucose interacts with PGOxMns can trigger the production of Mn(II), which enhances the magnetic resonance imaging signal. Simultaneously, manganese dioxide catalyses the decomposition of toxic hydrogen peroxide into oxygen, which also maintains glucose oxidase (GOx) activity. In an in vivo model of diabetes, PGOxMns is used to monitor glucose levels (0-20 mm) and allowed identification of diabetic mice via T1-weighted MRI. Furthermore, PGOxMns is found to have a high insulin-loading capacity (83.6%), likely due to its positive charge. A single subcutaneous injection of insulin-loaded nanosystem (Ins-PGOxMns) into diabetic mice resulted in a rapid and efficient response to a glucose challenge and prolonged blood glucose level control (< 200 mg dL-1) for up to 50 h. Overall, this proof-of-concept study demonstrates the feasibility of using biomineralised nanosystems to develop patient-friendly strategies for glucose monitoring and control.

3.
World J Stem Cells ; 16(4): 389-409, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) has become a major public health problem worldwide. Most OP treatments are based on the inhibition of bone resorption, and it is necessary to identify additional treatments aimed at enhancing osteogenesis. In the bone marrow (BM) niche, bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are exposed to a hypoxic environment. Recently, a few studies have demonstrated that hypoxia-inducible factor 2alpha (HIF-2α) is involved in BMSC osteogenic differentiation, but the molecular mechanism involved has not been determined. AIM: To investigate the effect of HIF-2α on the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs and the hematopoietic function of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the BM niche on the progression of OP. METHODS: Mice with BMSC-specific HIF-2α knockout (Prx1-Cre;Hif-2αfl/fl mice) were used for in vivo experiments. Bone quantification was performed on mice of two genotypes with three interventions: Bilateral ovariectomy, semilethal irradiation, and dexamethasone treatment. Moreover, the hematopoietic function of HSCs in the BM niche was compared between the two mouse genotypes. In vitro, the HIF-2α agonist roxadustat and the HIF-2α inhibitor PT2399 were used to investigate the function of HIF-2α in BMSC osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation. Finally, we investigated the effect of HIF-2α on BMSCs via treatment with the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) agonist MHY1485 and the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin. RESULTS: The quantitative index determined by microcomputed tomography indicated that the femoral bone density of Prx1-Cre;Hif-2αfl/fl mice was lower than that of Hif-2αfl/fl mice under the three intervention conditions. In vitro, Hif-2αfl/fl mouse BMSCs were cultured and treated with the HIF-2α agonist roxadustat, and after 7 d of BMSC adipogenic differentiation, the oil red O staining intensity and mRNA expression levels of adipogenesis-related genes in BMSCs treated with roxadustat were decreased; in addition, after 14 d of osteogenic differentiation, BMSCs treated with roxadustat exhibited increased expression of osteogenesis-related genes. The opposite effects were shown for mouse BMSCs treated with the HIF-2α inhibitor PT2399. The mTOR inhibitor rapamycin was used to confirm that HIF-2α regulated BMSC osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation by inhibiting the mTOR pathway. Consequently, there was no significant difference in the hematopoietic function of HSCs between Prx1-Cre;Hif-2αfl/fl and Hif-2αfl/fl mice. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that inhibition of HIF-2α decreases bone mass by inhibiting the osteogenic differentiation and increasing the adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs through inhibition of mTOR signaling in the BM niche.

4.
Cornea ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713491

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term incidence, risk factors, and the management of corneal melt following Boston type I keratoprosthesis (B-KPro I) implantation. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational case series. Data were collected regarding demographics, preoperative characteristics, incidence, and outcomes of corneal melt in 102 patients who underwent B-KPro I in the Chinese PLA General Hospital between 2011 and 2018, with a follow-up period ranging from 4 to 11 years. RESULTS: Chemical burn was the most common indication for B-KPro I (n = 56; 53.8%), followed by ocular trauma (n = 26; 25.0%). During the follow-up period (107 ± 25.7 months), corneal melt occurred in 60 cases among 37 eyes (35.6%), with an incidence of 20.2% at 1 year after surgery. Fourteen cases presented with recurrent corneal melt. Patients with multiple corneal allograft failures had a higher risk of corneal melt. Thermal burns, compared with alkali burns, significantly elevated the odds ratio (OR) of corneal melt (OR, 5.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-24.86; P = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Corneal melt significantly reduced the retention time of KPro (P < 0.01), and its coexistence with other complications further shortened the retention time. A specific pattern of corneal melt occurrence was identified, with a peak incidence at 1 year postoperatively. Our findings suggest variations in the risk of corneal melt among different indications, with thermal burns carrying the highest OR. Moreover, each previous failed keratoplasty doubled the risk of corneal melt after B-KPro I.

5.
J Chem Phys ; 160(18)2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716850

RESUMO

Using the density functional theory, we conducted a study on the electrification upon contact between hydrophobic liquid molecules and water molecules, revealing localized characteristics of contact-electrification. These "localized features" refer to the specific microscale characteristics where electron transfer predominantly occurs at the contact regions, influenced by factors such as atomic distances and molecular orientations. Although the electrostatic potential and the highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital gap offer substantial predictive insights for electron transfer across polymer interfaces, they fall short in capturing the complexities associated with the interaction between hydrophobic liquids and water molecules. The electronegativity of elements at the interface and the localization of molecular orbitals play a decisive role in electron transfer. Simultaneously, for liquid molecules with irregular structures, there is no correlation between the "contact area" and the amount of electron transfer. The "contact area" refers to the surface region where two different liquid molecules come into close proximity. It is defined by the surface area of atoms with interatomic distances smaller than the van der Waals radius. This study challenges traditional assumptions about contact-electrification, particularly in liquid-liquid interfaces, providing new insights into the localized nature of this phenomenon.

6.
Transpl Immunol ; 84: 102046, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38679337

RESUMO

Renal transplantation represents the foremost efficacious approach for ameliorating end-stage renal disease. Despite the current state of advanced renal transplantation techniques and the established postoperative immunosuppression strategy, a subset of patients continues to experience immune rejection during both the early and late postoperative phases, ultimately leading to graft loss. Consequently, the identification of immunobiomarkers capable of predicting the onset of immune rejection becomes imperative in order to facilitate early intervention strategies and enhance long-term prognoses. Upon reviewing the pertinent literature, we identified several indicators that could potentially serve as immune biomarkers to varying extents. These include the T1/T2 ratio, Treg/Th17 ratio, IL-10/TNF-α ratio, IL-33, IL-34, IL-6, IL-4, other cytokines, and NOX2/4.

7.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652703

RESUMO

Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) and Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) are autoimmune diseases that target hepatocytes and bile duct cells, respectively. Despite their shared autoimmune nature, the differences in immunologic characteristics between them remain largely unexplored. This study seeks to elucidate the unique immunological profiles of PBC and AIH, and to identify key differences. We comprehensively analyzed various T-cell subsets and their receptor expression in a cohort of 45 patients, including 27 PBC and 18 AIH cases. Both diseases exhibited T cell exhaustion and senescence along with a surge in inflammatory cytokines. Significantly increased CD38+HLA-DR+CD8+T cell populations were observed in both diseases. AIH was characterized by an upregulation of CD8+TEMRA, CD4+TEM, and CD4+TEMRA cells, and a concurrent reduction in Treg cells. In contrast, PBC displayed a pronounced presence of Tfh cells and a contraction of CD4-CD8-T cell populations. Correlation analysis revealed that NKP46+NK frequency was closely tied to ALT and AST levels, and TIGIT expression on T cells was associated with GLB level in AIH. In PBC, there is a significant correlation between Tfh cells and ALP levels. Moreover, the identified immune landscapes in both diseases strongly related to disease severity. Through logistic regression analysis, γδ T, TIGIT+Vδ2 T, and Tfh1 cell frequencies emerged as distinct markers capable of differentiating PBC from AIH. In conclusion, our analyses reveal that PBC and AIH share similarities and differences regarding to immune profiles. And γδ T, TIGIT+Vδ2 T, and Tfh1 cell frequencies are potential noninvasive immunological markers that can differentiate PBC from AIH.

8.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(4): 1180-1191, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660654

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer ranks among the most prevalent malignant tumors globally, primarily due to its highly aggressive nature and poor survival rates. According to the 2020 global cancer statistics, there were approximately 604000 new cases of esophageal cancer, resulting in 544000 deaths. The 5-year survival rate hovers around a mere 15%-25%. Notably, distinct variations exist in the risk factors associated with the two primary histological types, influencing their worldwide incidence and distribution. Squamous cell carcinoma displays a high incidence in specific regions, such as certain areas in China, where it meets the cost-effectiveness criteria for widespread endoscopy-based early diagnosis within the local population. Conversely, adenocarcinoma (EAC) represents the most common histological subtype of esophageal cancer in Europe and the United States. The role of early diagnosis in cases of EAC originating from Barrett's esophagus (BE) remains a subject of controversy. The effectiveness of early detection for EAC, particularly those arising from BE, continues to be a debated topic. The variations in how early-stage esophageal carcinoma is treated in different regions are largely due to the differing rates of early-stage cancer diagnoses. In areas with higher incidences, such as China and Japan, early diagnosis is more common, which has led to the advancement of endoscopic methods as definitive treatments. These techniques have demonstrated remarkable efficacy with minimal complications while preserving esophageal functionality. Early screening, prompt diagnosis, and timely treatment are key strategies that can significantly lower both the occurrence and death rates associated with esophageal cancer.

10.
Environ Toxicol ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572681

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a prevalent malignant tumor of the digestive system that poses a significant threat to human life and health. It is crucial to thoroughly investigate the mechanisms of esophageal carcinogenesis and identify potential key molecular events in its carcinogenesis. Single-cell transcriptome sequencing is an emerging technology that has gained prominence in recent years for studying molecular mechanisms, which may help to further explore the underlying mechanisms of the ESCC tumor microenvironment in depth. The single-cell dataset was obtained from GSE160269 in the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 60 tumor samples and four paracancer samples. The single-cell data underwent dimensional reduction clustering analysis to identify clusters and annotate expression profiles. Subcluster analysis was conducted for each cellular taxon. Copy number variation analysis of tumor cell subpopulations was performed to primarily identify malignant cells within them. A proposed chronological analysis was performed to obtain the process of cell differentiation. In addition, cell communication, transcription factor analysis, and tumor pathway analysis were also performed. Relevant risk models and key genes were established by univariate COX regression and LASSO analysis. The key genes obtained from the screen were subjected to appropriate silencing and cellular assays, including CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, colony formation, and western blot. Single-cell analysis revealed that normal samples contained a large number of fibroblasts, T cells, and B cells, with fewer other cell types, whereas tumor samples exhibited a relatively balanced distribution of cell types. Subclassification analysis of immune cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells revealed their specific spatial characteristics. The prognostic risk model, we constructed successfully, achieved accurate prognostic stratification for ESCC patients. The screened key gene, UPF3A, was found to be significantly associated with the development of ESCC by cellular assays. This process might be linked to the phosphorylation of ERK and P38. Single-cell transcriptome analysis successfully revealed the distribution of cell types and major expressed factors in ESCC patients, which could facilitate future in-depth studies on the therapeutic mechanisms of ESCC.

11.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 430, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578570

RESUMO

Arsenic contamination in soils poses a critical global challenge, yet the influence of surfactants on arsenic adsorption behavior is often underestimated. This study aims to investigate the effects of three representative surfactants, namely cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and polyethylene glycol anhydrous sugar alcohol monooleate (Tween 80), on arsenic adsorption behavior in soils. The adsorption isotherm shifts from a single Temkin model without surfactants to both the Langmuir and Temkin models in the presence of surfactants, indicating the simultaneous occurrence of monolayer and multilayer adsorption for arsenic in soils. Moreover, the surfactants can inhibit the adsorption and hasten the attainment of adsorption equilibrium. SDS displayed the most inhibitory effect on arsenic adsorption, followed by Tween 80 and CTAB, due to the competitive adsorption, electrostatic interaction, and hydrophobic interaction. Variations in zeta potential with different surfactants further elucidate this inhibitory phenomenon. Through orthogonal experiment analyses, pH emerges as a primary factor influencing arsenic adsorption in soils, with surfactant concentration and type identified as secondary factors. Temperature notably affects CTAB, with the adsorption inhibition rate plummeting to a mere 0.88% at 50 °C. Sequential extraction analysis revealed that surfactants enhanced the bioavailability of arsenic. The FTIR, XRD, SEM, and CA analyses further support the mechanism underlying the effect of surfactants on arsenic adsorption in soil. These analyses indicate that surfactants modify the composition and abundance of functional groups, hinder the formation of arsenic-containing substances, and improve soil compactness, smoothness, and hydrophilicity. This study provides valuable insights into the effect of surfactants in arsenic-contaminated soils, which is often ignored in previous work.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Tensoativos , Tensoativos/química , Solo/química , Polissorbatos , Cetrimônio , Adsorção , Arsênio/química , Monitoramento Ambiental
12.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 254, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 infection is described as asymptomatic, mild, or moderate disease in most children. SARS-CoV-2 infection related death in children and adolescents is rare according to the current reports. COVID-19 cases increased significantly in China during the omicron surge, clinical data regarding pediatric critical patients infected with the omicron variant is limited. In this study, we aim to provide an overview of the clinical characteristics and outcomes of critically ill children admitted to a national children's medical center in Guangdong Province, China, during the outbreak of the omicron variant infection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study from November 25, 2022, to February 8, 2023, which included 63 critically ill children, under the age of 18, diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The patients were referred from medical institutions of Guangdong province. The medical records of these patients were analyzed and summarized. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 2 years (Interquartile Range, IQR: 1.0-8.0), sex-ratio (male/female) was 1.52. 12 (19%) patients (age ≥ 3 years) were vaccinated. The median length of hospital stay was 14 days (IQR: 6.5-23) in 63 cases, and duration of fever was 5 days (IQR: 3-8.5), pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay was 8 days (IQR 4.0-14.0) in 57 cases. 30 (48%) cases had clear contact history with family members who were infected with SARS-CoV-2. Three children who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection did not show any abnormalities on chest imaging examination. Out of the total patients, 33 (52%) had a bacterial co-infection, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly detected bacterial pathogen. Our cohort exhibited respiratory and nervous system involvement as the primary features. Furthermore, fifty (79%) patients required mechanical ventilation, with a median duration of 7 days (IQR 3.75-13.0). Among these patients, 35 (56%) developed respiratory failure, 16 (25%) patients experienced a deteriorating progression of symptoms and ultimately succumbed to the illness, septic shock was the most common condition among these patients (15 cases), followed by multiple organ failure in 12 cases, and encephalopathy identified in 7 cases. CONCLUSION: We present a case series of critically ill children infected with the SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant. While there is evidence suggesting that Omicron may cause less severe symptoms, it is important to continue striving for measures that can minimize the pathogenic impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estado Terminal , Estudos Retrospectivos , China/epidemiologia
13.
ACS Chem Biol ; 19(4): 916-925, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491942

RESUMO

Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) represent an emerging class of biologics that can recognize two different antigens or epitopes. T-cell engagers (TcEs) bind two targets in trans on the cell surface of the effector and target cell to induce proximal immune effects, opening exciting windows for immunotherapies. To date, the engineering of BsAbs has been mainly focused on tuning the molecular weight and valency. However, the effects of spatial factors on the biological functions of BsAbs have been less explored due to the lack of biochemical methods to precisely manipulate protein geometry. Here, we studied the geometric effects of the TcEs. First, by genetically inserting rigidly designed ankyrin repeat proteins into TcEs, we revealed that the efficacy progressively decreased as the spacer distance of the two binding domains increased. Then, we constructed 26 pairs of TcEs with the same size but varying orientations using click chemistry-mediated conjugation at different mutation sites. We found that linear ligation sites play a minor role in modulating cell-killing efficacy. Next, we rendered the TcEs' advanced topology by cyclization chemistry using the SpyTag/SpyCatcher pair or sortase ligation approaches. Cyclized TcEs were generally more potent than their linear counterparts. Particularly, sortase A cyclized TcEs, bearing a minimal tagging motif, exhibited better cell-killing efficacy in vitro and improved stability both in vitro and in vivo compared to the linear TcE. This work combines modern bioconjugation chemistry and protein engineering tools for antibody engineering, shedding light on the elusive spatial factors of BsAbs functionality.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos , Linfócitos T , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/genética , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/química , Química Click , Engenharia de Proteínas/métodos , Proteínas , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Humanos
14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2309348, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498682

RESUMO

Tertiary lymphoid structure (TLS) can predict the prognosis and sensitivity of tumors to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) therapy, whether it can be noninvasively predicted by radiomics in hepatocellular carcinoma with liver transplantation (HCC-LT) has not been explored. In this study, it is found that intra-tumoral TLS abundance is significantly correlated with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Tumor tissues with TLS are characterized by inflammatory signatures and high infiltration of antitumor immune cells, while those without TLS exhibit uncontrolled cell cycle progression and activated mTOR signaling by bulk and single-cell RNA-seq analyses. The regulators involved in mTOR signaling (RHEB and LAMTOR4) and S-phase (RFC2, PSMC2, and ORC5) are highly expressed in HCC with low TLS. In addition, the largest cohort of HCC patients is studied with available radiomics data, and a classifier is built to detect the presence of TLS in a non-invasive manner. The classifier demonstrates remarkable performance in predicting intra-tumoral TLS abundance in both training and test sets, achieving areas under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) of 92.9% and 90.2% respectively. In summary, the absence of intra-tumoral TLS abundance is associated with mTOR signaling activation and uncontrolled cell cycle progression in tumor cells, indicating unfavorable prognosis in HCC-LT.

15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore the value of texture analysis of radiomics based on the short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequence to evaluate the activity of bone marrow oedema of sacroiliac joints in early AS. METHODS: 43 patients with early AS whose data were randomly divided into the training cohort (n=116) and verification cohort (n=56) according to the ratio of 7:3. The optimal feature subsets were obtained by Mann-Whitney U-test, the minimum-Redundancy Maximum-Relevancy (mRMR), and then least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) using these texture feature parameters, which were used to construct the final prediction model and obtained the Radscore. The ROC curve was performed to evaluate the performance of the model. The Spearman correlation test was used to analyse the correlation of various indicators. RESULTS: In the training cohort, to differentiate early AS sacroiliac joint bone marrow oedema between the active and stable groups, the AUCs of the Radscore, SPARCC and ADC were 0.81, 0.91, 0.78, respectively. In the validation cohort, the AUCs were 0.87, 0.89, 0.85. In the two cohorts, there were no significant differences in AUCs between values of the Radscore and SPARCC, ADC (p>0.05). There was a significant difference in AUC between SPARCC and ADC in the training cohort (p<0.05), with no statistical significance in the validation cohort (p>0.05). The correlations were all low between the Radscore values and the values of ESR, CRP, tI, ASDAS-ESR and ASDAS-CRP (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Radiomics analysis based on STIR texture analysis has a good prediction for the evaluation of bone marrow oedema activity of sacroiliac joints in AS. It can be a new non-invasive and objective evaluation method for AS activity.

16.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(3): e487, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469547

RESUMO

Deep learning, transforming input data into target prediction through intricate network structures, has inspired novel exploration in automated diagnosis based on medical images. The distinct morphological characteristics of chest abnormalities between drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) and drug-sensitive tuberculosis (DS-TB) on chest computed tomography (CT) are of potential value in differential diagnosis, which is challenging in the clinic. Hence, based on 1176 chest CT volumes from the equal number of patients with tuberculosis (TB), we presented a Deep learning-based system for TB drug resistance identification and subtype classification (DeepTB), which could automatically diagnose DR-TB and classify crucial subtypes, including rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Moreover, chest lesions were manually annotated to endow the model with robust power to assist radiologists in image interpretation and the Circos revealed the relationship between chest abnormalities and specific types of DR-TB. Finally, DeepTB achieved an area under the curve (AUC) up to 0.930 for thoracic abnormality detection and 0.943 for DR-TB diagnosis. Notably, the system demonstrated instructive value in DR-TB subtype classification with AUCs ranging from 0.880 to 0.928. Meanwhile, class activation maps were generated to express a human-understandable visual concept. Together, showing a prominent performance, DeepTB would be impactful in clinical decision-making for DR-TB.

17.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of HCC patients without MVI (so called M0) is highly heterogeneous and the need for adjuvant therapy is still controversial. METHODS: Patients with HCC with M0 who underwent liver resection (LR) or liver transplantation (LT) as an initial therapy were included. The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH)-M0 score was developed from a retrospective cohort to form the training cohort. The classification which was developed using multivariate cox regression analysis was externally validated. RESULTS: The score was developed using the following factors: α-fetoprotein level, tumour diameter, liver cirrhosis, total bilirubin, albumin and aspartate aminotransferase. The score differentiated two groups of M0 patients (≤3, >3 points) with distinct long-term prognoses outcomes (median overall survival (OS), 98.0 vs. 46.0 months; p < 0.001). The predictive accuracy of the score was greater than the other commonly used staging systems for HCC. And for M0 patients with a higher score underwent LR. Adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) was effective to prolong OS. CONCLUSIONS: The EHBH M0 scoring system was more accurate in predicting the prognosis of HCC patients with M0 after LR or LT. Adjuvant therapy is recommended for HCC patients who have a higher score.

18.
Res Sq ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464061

RESUMO

Vascular fibrosis, characterized by increased Type I collagen expression, significantly contributes to vascular remodeling. Our previous studies show that disrupting the expression of SM22α (aka SM22, Tagln) induces extensive vascular remodeling following arterial injury, involving oxidative stress, inflammation, and chondrogenesis within the vessel wall. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the transcription of Col1a2, a key fibrotic extracellular matrix marker. We observed upregulation of COL1A2 in the arterial wall of Sm22-/- mice following carotid injury. Bioinformatics and molecular analyses reveal that Col1a2 transcription depends on a CArG box in the promoter, activated synergistically by SRF and SMAD3. Notably, we detected enhanced nuclear translocation of both SRF and SMAD3 in the smooth muscle cells of the injured carotid artery in Sm22-/- mice. These findings demonstrate that SM22 deficiency regulates vascular fibrosis through the interaction of SRF and the SMAD3-mediated canonical TGF-ß1 signal pathway, suggesting SM22α as a potential therapeutic target for preventing vascular fibrosis.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111823, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508094

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the relationship between serum iron by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and potential mechanism. Totally 113 patients from 233 patients with advanced metastatic lung cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer who treated with immunotherapy in Shandong Provincial Hospital were divided into training group (n=68) and validation group (n=45), whose patients were divided into clinical benefit response (CBR) and non-clinical benefit (NCB) by RECIST (v1.1) respectively. We found for the first time that high serum iron level (>1036 µg/L) was a novel biomarker of better PFS (10.13 months vs 7.37 months; p = 0.0015) and OS(16.00 months vs 11.00 months; p = 0.0235) by ROC curve (sensitivity: 78.13 %; Specificity: 80.56 %; p < 0.0001) of CBR (n=32) and NCB (n=36) patients in training group. Interestingly, consistently stable and high serum iron level predicted better efficacy during immunotherapy. Noteworthy, the predictive efficacy of PD-L1 expression was significantly inferior than serum iron (accuracy:63.49% vs 79.41%, p=0.0432), while serum iron detected by spectrophotometry did not predict the efficacy of immunotherapy (p=0.0671) indicating higher sensitivity of ICP-MS. Bioinformatics analysis showed that serum iron could enhance innate immunity and cytokine release and was verified by proteomics that KEGG and GO analysis enriched innate immune and cytokine signaling pathways. Flow cytometry showed that IL-17 (p=0.0002) increased and IL-6 (p=0.0112) decreased after immunotherapy. Based on this, Nomogram with better prediction was constructed by multiple clinical and independent factors. Our results revealed that serum iron is positively associated with ICIs efficacy by enhancing innate immunity and cytokine release in advanced metastatic cancers, and can be a biomarker for predicting ICIs response.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Imunoterapia , Ferro , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Cancer Biol Med ; 21(4)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex-specific differences are observed in various liver diseases, but the influence of sex on the outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation (LT) remains to be determined. This study is the first Chinese nationwide investigation of the role of sex in post-LT outcomes in patients with HCC. METHODS: Data for recipients with HCC registered in the China Liver Transplant Registry between January 2015 and December 2020 were analyzed. The associations between donor, recipient, or donor-recipient transplant patterns by sex and the post-LT outcomes were studied with propensity score matching (PSM). The survival associated with different sex-based donor-recipient transplant patterns was further studied. RESULTS: Among 3,769 patients enrolled in this study, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients with HCC after LT were 96.1%, 86.4%, and 78.5%, respectively, in female recipients, and 95.8%, 79.0%, and 70.7%, respectively, in male recipients after PSM (P = 0.009). However, the OS was comparable between recipients with female donors and male donors. Multivariate analysis indicated that male recipient sex was a risk factor for post-LT survival (HR = 1.381, P = 0.046). Among the donor-recipient transplant patterns, the male-male donor-recipient transplant pattern was associated with the poorest post-LT survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlighted that the post-LT outcomes of female recipients were significantly superior to those of male recipients, and the male-male donor-recipient transplant pattern was associated with the poorest post-LT survival. Livers from male donors may provide the most benefit to female recipients. Our results indicate that sex should be considered as a critical factor in organ allocation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Coortes , Doadores de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
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