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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 690-693, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376721

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Sports injury is a common injury among professional tennis players compared to other sports. Updated rehabilitation methods can accelerate players' recovery and ensure a return to sporting activity. However, contemporary rehabilitation monitoring practices want updated reporting. Objective Monitoring tennis players' function and recovery methods during rehabilitation training after injury. Methods The tennis player underwent arthroscopic capsulotomy of the left ankle joint, free body removal, and synovectomy. The athlete's body composition, blood routine, biochemistry, nutritional indices, and physiological indicators were monitored. Data were collected before, during, and at the end of the four months (6-10 months) of rehabilitation after the operation. Results 1 month after the operation, weight and lean mass decreased significantly; body fat percentage increased; static heart rate increased significantly (P<0.05). Three months after surgery, the athlete's lean mass increased significantly to 43.7 kg; body fat percentage decreased to 24.5% (P<0.05); hemoglobin, serum iron, total protein, and albumin improved; in rehabilitation during October, blood routine and biochemical blood indices were regular; Resting, maintained-load and recovery heart rate decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion Tennis players should begin function monitoring, rehabilitation training, and nutritional recovery as soon as possible after ankle joint surgery. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução A lesão esportiva é uma lesão comum entre os tenistas profissionais, em comparação com outros esportes. Métodos atualizados de reabilitação podem acelerar a recuperação dos jogadores e garantir um retorno à atividade esportiva. Porém o monitoramento das práticas de reabilitação contemporâneas carece de relatórios atualizados. Objetivo Explorar o monitoramento da função e métodos de recuperação dos jogadores de tênis durante o treinamento de reabilitação após uma lesão. Métodos O tenista foi submetido a capsulotomia artroscópica da articulação do tornozelo esquerdo, remoção de corpo livre e sinovectomia. Foram monitorados a composição corporal do atleta, rotina sanguínea, bioquímica sanguínea, indicadores nutricionais e indicadores fisiológicos. Esses dados foram coletados antes, durante e ao final dos 4 meses (6-10 meses) de reabilitação após a operação. Resultados 1 mês após a operação, o peso e a massa magra diminuíram significativamente, aumentando a porcentagem de gordura corporal; o ritmo cardíaco estático aumentou significativamente (P<0,05). 3 meses após a cirurgia, a massa magra do atleta aumentou significativamente para 43,7 kg, a porcentagem de gordura corporal caiu para 24,5% (P<0,05); a hemoglobina, o ferro sérico, a proteína total e a albumina melhoraram. Na reabilitação durante o mês de outubro, a rotina sanguínea e os índices bioquímicos do sangue foram normais; a frequência cardíaca em repouso, com carga mantida e de recuperação diminuiu significativamente (P<0,05). Conclusão Os tenistas devem começar o monitoramento das funções, treinamento de reabilitação e recuperação nutricional o mais rápido possível após uma cirurgia na articulação do tornozelo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción La lesión deportiva es una lesión común entre los tenistas profesionales en comparación con otros deportes. Los métodos de rehabilitación actualizados pueden acelerar la recuperación de los jugadores y garantizar la vuelta a la actividad deportiva. Sin embargo, el seguimiento de las prácticas contemporáneas de rehabilitación carece de informes actualizados. Objetivo Explorar el seguimiento de la función y los métodos de recuperación de los tenistas durante el entrenamiento de rehabilitación después de una lesión. Métodos El tenista fue sometido a una capsulotomía artroscópica de la articulación del tobillo izquierdo, a la extracción del cuerpo libre y a la sinovectomía. Se controló la composición corporal del atleta, la rutina sanguínea, la bioquímica sanguínea, los indicadores nutricionales y los indicadores fisiológicos. Estos datos se recogieron antes, durante y al final de los 4 meses (6-10 meses) de rehabilitación tras la operación. Resultados 1 mes después de la operación, el peso y la masa magra disminuyeron significativamente, aumentando el porcentaje de grasa corporal; la frecuencia cardíaca estática aumentó significativamente (P<0,05). 3 meses después de la operación, la masa magra de la atleta aumentó significativamente hasta 43,7 kg, el porcentaje de grasa corporal disminuyó hasta el 24,5% (P<0,05); la hemoglobina, el hierro sérico, la proteína total y la albúmina mejoraron. En el periodo de entrenamiento de rehabilitación en el mes de octubre, la rutina sanguínea y los índices bioquímicos sanguíneos fueron normales; la frecuencia cardíaca en reposo, con carga mantenida y en recuperación disminuyó significativamente (P<0,05). Conclusión Los jugadores de tenis deben comenzar el control de la función, el entrenamiento de rehabilitación y la recuperación nutricional lo antes posible después de la cirugía de la articulación del tobillo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139729

RESUMO

Kombucha beverage is commonly prepared by black tea infusion fermentation without tea residues, and possesses various health benefits. In this paper, kombucha beverages of two non-Camellia sinensis teas, including vine tea (Ampelopsisgrossedentata) and sweet tea (Rubus suavissimus), were studied for the first time. The antioxidant activities and polyphenol contents of kombucha beverages were evaluated by ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay, Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assay, and Folin-Ciocalteu method, respectively. In addition, effects of tea residues on antioxidant capacities of kombucha beverages were evaluated. The results showed that kombucha beverages from vine tea and sweet tea possessed strong antioxidant activities (especially vine tea kombucha), and fermentation with tea residues could significantly increase antioxidant capacities (maximum increase of 38%) and total phenolic content (maximum increase of 55%) of two kombucha beverages compared with those without tea residues. Moreover, the sensory evaluations showed that the sensory evaluation scores of kombucha with tea residues could be improved compared with those without tea residues. Furthermore, the concentrations of several bioactive components in the kombucha beverages were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography. These kombucha beverages could be used for prevention of several diseases with related of oxidative stress.

3.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 373-378, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paraquat (PQ)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and pulmonary fibrosis are common diseases with high mortality but without effective antidotes in emergency medicine. Our previous study has proved that arctigenin suppressed pulmonary fibrosis induced by PQ. We wondered whether arctigenin could also have a protective effect on PQ-induced ALI. METHODS: A PQ-induced A549 cell injury model was used, and the effect of arctigenin was determined by a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) cell viability assay. In addition, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) staining assays and mitochondrial membrane potential assays were performed to evaluate the level of cell apoptosis. The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was reflected by dihydroethidium (DHE) staining and a 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. Moreover, immunoblotting studies were used to assess the expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and p38 MAPK. RESULTS: Arctigenin attenuated PQ-induced inhibition of A549 cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Arctigenin also significantly reduced PQ-induced A549 cell apoptosis, as reflected by the TUNEL assay and mitochondrial membrane potential assay, which may result from suppressed ROS/p38 MAPK signaling because we found that arctigenin dramatically suppressed ROS generation and p38 MAPK phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: Arctigenin could attenuate PQ-induced lung epithelial A549 cell injury in vitro by suppressing ROS/p38 MAPK-mediated cell apoptosis, and arctigenin might be considered a potential candidate drug for PQ-induced ALI.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125019

RESUMO

Light-emitting diodes based on lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (LHP NCs) have shown an astonishing increase in efficiency in just several years of academic research, reaching high external quantum efficiencies exceeding 20%. The extensive color-tunability and narrow emission bandwidth of LHP NCs, in particular, are of great importance in the creation of the next generation of ultra-high-definition displays, as defined by the Rec. 2020 standard recommendation. In fact, whereas the colour of LHP NCs can be easily tuned by the compositions of halogens, the ion migration in mixed-halide perovskites under the electric field will seriously affect the spectral stability and operational lifetimes of perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). Therefore, it is essential to realize efficient colour-saturated PeLEDs based on single-halide perovskite NCs. In this review, we focus on the recent progress in LHP NC-based PeLEDs and highlight the strategy of tuning the spectral emission based on quantum confinement or cation alloying/doping in single-halide perovskite NCs. Finally, we will give an outlook on future research avenues for preparing high-efficiency pure green, red and blue PeLEDs based on single-halide perovskite NCs.

5.
Food Chem ; 402: 134214, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126569

RESUMO

The effect of whey proteins and heat treatment (90 °C, 5 min) on pepsin-induced hydrolysis of κ-casein, and subsequent coagulation of casein micelles, was investigated at pH 6.3 and 6.0 using reverse-phase HPLC, oscillatory rheology, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Whey proteins did not affect the hydrolysis of κ-casein but retarded the coagulation process. Heat treatment did not affect the hydrolysis kinetics in whey protein (WP)-free samples, but slightly impaired the hydrolysis rate in WP-containing samples. The coagulation process of WP-free samples was little affected by heat-treatment. However, compared with unheated WP-contained sample at the same pH, the coagulation process of the heated sample was retarded at pH 6.3 but enhanced at pH 6.0. The curd in heated samples with smaller pores had higher water holding capacity. This knowledge provides further understanding on the role of whey proteins and heat treatment on the coagulation mechanisms of milk under gastric conditions.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129493

RESUMO

PURPOSE: [18F]AlF-RESCA was introduced as a core particularly useful for 18F-labeling of heat-sensitive biomolecules. However, no translational studies have been reported up to now. Herein, we reported the first-in-human evaluation of an 18F-labeled anti-HER2 nanobody MIRC213 as a PET radiotracer for imaging HER2-positive cancers. METHODS: MIRC213 was produced by E. coli and conjugated with ( ±)-H3RESCA-Mal. [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 was prepared at room temperature. Its radiochemical purity and stability of were determined by radio-HPLC with the size-exclusion chromatographic column. Cell uptake was performed in NCI-N87 (HER2 +) and MCF-7 (HER2-) cells and the cell-binding affinity was verified in SK-OV-3 (HER2 +) cells. Small-animal PET/CT was performed using SK-OV-3, NCI-N87, and MCF-7 tumor-bearing mice at 30 min, 1 h, and 2 h post-injection. For blocking experiment, excess MIRC213 was co-injected with radiotracer. Biodistribution were performed on SKOV-3 and MCF-7 tumor-bearing mice at 2 h post-injection. For clinical study, PET/CT images were acquired at 2 h and 4 h after injection of [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 (1.85-3.7 MBq/kg) in six breast cancer patients (3 HER2-positive and 3 HER2-negative). All patients underwent [18F]-FDG PET/CT within a week for tissue selection purpose. Distribution and dosimetry were calculated. Standardized uptake values (SUV) were measured in tumors and normal organs. RESULTS: MIRC213 was produced with > 95% purity and modified with RESCA to obtain RESCA-MIRC213. [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 was prepared within 20 min at room temperature with the radiochemical yield of 50.48 ± 7.6% and radiochemical purity of > 98% (n > 10), and remained stable in both PBS (88%) and 5% HSA (92%) after 6 h. The 2 h cellular uptake of [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 in NCI-N87 cells was 11.22 ± 0.60 AD%/105 cells. Its binding affinity Kd value was determined to be 1.23 ± 0.58 nM. Small-animal PET/CT with [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 can clearly differentiate SK-OV-3 and NCI-N87 tumors from MCF-7 tumors and background with a high uptake of 4.73 ± 1.18 ID%/g and substantially reduced to 1.70 ± 0.13 ID%/g for the blocking group (p < 0.05) in SK-OV-3 tumors at 2 h post-injection. No significant bone radioactivity was seen in the tumor-bearing animals. In all six breast cancer patients, there was no adverse reaction during study. The uptake of [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 was mainly in lacrimal gland, parotid gland, submandibular gland, thyroid gland, gallbladder, kidneys, liver, and intestines. There was no significant bone radioactivity accumulation in cancer patients. [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 had significantly higher tumor uptake in lesions from HER2-positive patients than that lesions from HER2-negative patients (SUVmax of 3.62 ± 1.56 vs. 1.41 ± 0.41, p = 0.0012) at 2 h post-injection. The kidneys received the highest radiation dose of 2.42 × 10-1 mGy/MBq, and the effective dose was 1.56 × 10-2 mSv/MBq. CONCLUSIONS: [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 could be prepared with high radiolabeling yield under mild conditions. [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 has relatively high stability both in vitro and in vivo. The results from clinical transformation suggest that [18F]AlF-RESCA-MIRC213 PET/CT is a safe procedure with favorable pharmacokinetics and dosimetry profile, and it is a promising new PET radiotracer for noninvasive diagnosis of HER2-positive cancers.

7.
J Oral Sci ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089374

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of piezosurgery (PI) in promoting immediate clotting after flapless extraction in patients undergoing dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 80 DAPT patients were equally divided into the PI and turbine handpiece (TH) groups. Accordingly, flapless extraction of a single tooth using PI or TH was performed on each patient, and the immediate clotting status was evaluated. The results of the preoperative hematological examinations, surgery-related variables and postoperative complications were recorded for analysis. RESULTS: Both groups presented with low platelet aggregation and similar coagulation functions. The PI group exhibited a higher proportion of patients with normal intra-alveolar clotting (≤30 min) (70% vs. 40%, P = 0.007) and fewer intraoperative complications (25% vs. 47.5%, P = 0.036) than that in the TH group. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the applied instrument was an independent risk factor for prolonged immediate bleeding (odds ratio = 3.10, 95% confidence interval: 1.20-8.00, P = 0.019). Intergroup differences were insignificant in terms of the other surgery-related variables and postoperative complications, except for the longer surgical duration in the PI group. CONCLUSION: The application of PI may contribute to better immediate clotting in DAPT patients after flapless extraction compared with the use of TH.

8.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(14): 5317-5328, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147478

RESUMO

Background: Macau is a densely populated international tourist city. Compared to most tensely populated countries/territories, the prevalence and mortality of COVID-19 in Macau are lower. The experiences in Macau could be helpful for other areas to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. This article introduced the endeavours and achievements of Macau in combatting the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: Both qualitative and quantitative analysis methods were used to explore the work, measures, and achievements of Macau in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: The results revealed that Macau has provided undifferentiated mask purchase reservation services, COVID-19 vaccination services to all residents and non-residents in Macau along with delivering multilingual services, in Chinese, English and Portuguese, to different groups of the population. To facilitate the travels of people, business and trades between Macau and mainland China, the Macau government launched the Macau Health Code System, which uses the health status declaration, residence history declaration, contact history declaration of the declarant to match various relevant backend databases within the health authority and provide a risk-related colour code operations. The Macau Health Code System connects to the Chinese mainland's own propriety health code system seamlessly, whilst effectively protecting the privacy of the residents. Macau has also developed the COVID-19 Vaccination Appointment system, the Nucleic Acid Test Appointment system, the Port and Entry/Exit Quarantine system, the medical and other supporting systems. Conclusion: The efforts in Macau have achieved remarkable results in COVID-19 prevention and control, effectively safeguarding the lives and health of the people and manifesting the core principle of "serving the public". The measures used are sustainable and can serve as an important reference for other countries/regions.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(37): e30356, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123878

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) vaccine for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) prevention has been available for several years. However, as a new vaccine, the impact of EV71 vaccination on the epidemiology and etiology of HFMD is currently unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the changes of epidemiological characteristics and etiology of HFMD patients after the introduction of EV71 vaccine. The data of hospitalized children with HFMD from 2014 to 2020 were collected from the case record department of a tertiary children hospital of Anhui Province. The changes of epidemiological characteristics, time distribution, disease severity and enterovirus serotypes in hospitalized children were analyzed. A total of 7373 cases of HFMD were reported during 2014 to 2020, including 634 (8.6%) severe cases. The number of cases reached the peak in 2016 (n = 1783) and decreased gradually after EV71 vaccination. The results of etiological test showed the positive rate was 80.5%, in which EV71 accounted for 1599 (21.7%) and CV-A16 accounted for 1028 (13.9%) respectively. The number of patients showed a bimodal distribution throughout the year, which were April to June and October to November. The age distribution changed significantly following the introduction of EV71 vaccine. The proportion of 1-year-old group of post-vaccination was significantly higher than that of pre-vaccination (61.9% vs 50.8%, P < .001). The proportion of HFMD caused by EV71 and severe cases decreased significantly after the vaccination (P < .001 for both). While the comparison of epidemiological characteristics and enterovirus serotypes between unvaccinated and vaccinated cases during 2017 to 2020 showed no significant difference. The dominant enterovirus serotypes of hospitalized HFMD changed significantly after the introduction of EV71 vaccine. The proportion of severe cases decreased significantly after the vaccination, but EV71 was still a major pathogen in patients with severe HFMD. More age-appropriate children are recommended to get vaccinated to establish stronger herd immunity in the population.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Infecções por Enterovirus , Enterovirus , Febre Aftosa , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Animais , Antígenos Virais , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/prevenção & controle , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Vacinação
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053326

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation has been proven to be an important factor in carcinogenesis. Cytokines are the central mediators in the inflammatory microenvironment, and their release may be influenced by soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G). The aim of this study was to monitor the dynamic process of these soluble factors in patients with cervical cancer at Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, trying to understand their relationship with diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. METHODS: We quantified plasma levels of sHLA-G and 12 cytokines using ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively, in the peripheral blood of patients with cervical cancer divided into three groups: preoperation, postoperation and clinical relapse. Healthy women were used as the control group. Data were analysed by non-parametric tests, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and Kaplan-Meier plotter (log-rank test). RESULTS: In this study, our findings showed that preoperation plasma levels of sHLA-G and the cytokines IL-6, IL-10, and IFN-γ in cervical cancer patients had a good discriminatory effect between cervical cancer patients and healthy women. It should be noted that plasma levels of sHLA-G, IL-6, and IL-10 were significantly decreased within 30 days after radical hysterectomy (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was observed between IL-6 and IL-10, IL-8 and IL-17 levels preoperatively. In contrast, sHLA-G levels were negatively correlated with IL-10 but not with other cytokines. An increased survival rate in patients with cervical cancer was associated with IL-5 < 1.70 pg/mL, IL-17 < 2.30 pg/mL, and IFN-α < 2.26 pg/mL preoperatively. In addition, our findings showed that the levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p70, IL-17, and IFN-γ may be related to 5-year relapse rates and/or the metastasis of cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: The current findings enhance our understanding of the dynamic process (preoperation, postoperation and clinical relapse) of sHLA-G and these cytokines in the plasma of patients with cervical cancer from diagnosis to prognosis. These biomarkers may play a potential therapeutic target role of such dynamic changes in the immunotherapy for cervical cancer.

11.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 938200, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090261

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the analgesic mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) in rats with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). Methods: Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into sham group, model group and EA group, with ten rats in each group. The CP/CPPS model was prepared by injecting 50 µL of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into the ventral lobes of the prostate tissue, and the sham group was injected with the same dose of saline. After 14 days of modeling, EA was applied to Guanyuan (CV4), Zhongji (CV3), Sanyinjiao (SP6) and Huiyang (BL35) in the EA group. After four courses, H&E staining was performed to observe the prostate tissue morphology, transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed for each group, and the selected signaling pathways were verified by qRT-PCR. Results: The RNA-Seq analysis results suggested that the analgesic effect of EA on CP/CPPS may be achieved by regulating prostate gene expression, which may be related to multiple biological processes and signaling pathways. qRT-PCR results showed that the vanillic acid receptor subtype 1 of the transient receptor potential (TRPV1), phospholipase C (PLC), protein kinase C (PKC), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and protein kinase A (PKA) were all upregulated in the model group compared to the sham group (p < 0.01). Compared with the model group, TRPV1, PLC, PKC, cAMP, and PKA were all downregulated in the EA group (p < 0.05, p < 0.01). Conclusion: The analgesic mechanism of EA on CP/CPPS may be achieved through modulation of cAMP-PKA-TRPV1/PLC-PKC-TRPV1 signaling pathway.

12.
Front Oncol ; 12: 897596, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091102

RESUMO

Objectives: A radiomics-based explainable eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) model was developed to predict central cervical lymph node metastasis (CCLNM) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), including positive and negative effects. Methods: A total of 587 PTC patients admitted at Binzhou Medical University Hospital from 2017 to 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were randomized into the training and test cohorts with an 8:2 ratio. Radiomics features were extracted from ultrasound images of the primary PTC lesions. The minimum redundancy maximum relevance algorithm and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression were used to select CCLNM positively-related features and radiomics scores were constructed. Clinical features, ultrasound features, and radiomics score were screened out by the Boruta algorithm, and the XGBoost model was constructed from these characteristics. SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) was used for individualized and visualized interpretation. SHAP addressed the cognitive opacity of machine learning models. Results: Eleven radiomics features were used to calculate the radiomics score. Five critical elements were used to build the XGBoost model: capsular invasion, radiomics score, diameter, age, and calcification. The area under the curve was 91.53% and 90.88% in the training and test cohorts, respectively. SHAP plots showed the influence of each parameter on the XGBoost model, including positive (i.e., capsular invasion, radiomics score, diameter, and calcification) and negative (i.e., age) impacts. The XGBoost model outperformed the radiologist, increasing the AUC by 44%. Conclusions: The radiomics-based XGBoost model predicted CCLNM in PTC patients. Visual interpretation using SHAP made the model an effective tool for preoperative guidance of clinical procedures, including positive and negative impacts.

13.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 41(1): 17-26, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062675

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) technique has become the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of extended antrum ablation based on electrophysiological substrate mapping plus PVI in AF patients who underwent cryoballoon ablation. METHODS: In this observational study, a total of 121 paroxysmal AF patients and 80 persistent AF patients who did not achieve the procedure endpoint after cryoballoon ablation received extra extended antrum ablation (EAA) based on electrophysiological substrate mapping via radiofrequency ablation (EAA group). As a control group (PVI group), among paroxysmal AF and persistent AF patients, we conducted a propensity score-matched cohort, in whom only PVI was completed. RESULTS: The average follow-up time was 15.27±7.34 months. Compared with PVI group, paroxysmal AF patients in the EAA group had a significantly higher rate of AF-free survival (90.1% vs. 80.2%, p=0.027) and AF, atrial flutter, or atrial tachycardia (AFLAT) -free rate survival (89.3% vs. 79.3%, p=0.031). Persistent AF patients in the EAA group also had a significantly higher rate of AF-free survival (90.0% vs. 75.0%, p=0.016) and AFLAT-free survival (88.8% vs. 75.0%, p=0.029) than PVI group. Complication rates did not significantly differ between both groups, in either paroxysmal AF or persistent AF patients. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that extra extended antrum ablation based on electrophysiological substrate mapping is effective and safe. Moreover, the strategy can improve the outcome of AF cryoablation.

14.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140883

RESUMO

Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the most popular fruits worldwide. It contains various bioactive compounds, such as proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins, flavonols, phenolic acids and stilbenes, the contents of which could vary considerably in grape skin, pulp and seed. Many studies have revealed that grape possesses a variety of health benefits, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, gut-microbiota-modulating, anticancer and cardioprotective effects. Grape is eaten as fresh fruit and is also used as raw material to produce various products, such as wine, grape juice and raisins. Moreover, the byproducts of grape, such as grape pomace and grape seed, have many applications in the food industry. In this paper, the bioactive compounds in grape are briefly summarized based on literature published in recent years. In addition, the health benefits of grape and its bioactive components are discussed, with special attention paid to the underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, the applications of grape in the food industry are elucidated, especially the applications of grape pomace and grape seed. This paper can contribute to understanding the health benefits and mechanisms of grape and its bioactive compounds, as well as the promotion of the use of grape in the food industry.

15.
Foods ; 11(18)2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140990

RESUMO

The gut microbiota and their metabolites could play an important role in health and diseases of human beings. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are mainly produced by gut microbiome fermentation of dietary fiber and could also be produced by bacteria of the skin and vagina. Acetate, propionate, and butyrate are three major SCFAs, and their bioactivities have been widely studied. The SCFAs have many health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, anti-obesity, anti-diabetes, anticancer, cardiovascular protective, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective activities. This paper summarizes health benefits and side effects of SCFAs with a special attention paid to the mechanisms of action. This paper provides better support for people eating dietary fiber as well as ways for dietary fiber to be developed into functional food to prevent diseases.

16.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 922848, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110315

RESUMO

The vertebral body's Hounsfield unit (HU) value can credibly reflect patients' bone mineral density (BMD). Given that poor bone-screw integration initially triggers screw loosening and regional differences in BMD and strength in the vertebral body exist, HU in screw holding planes should better predict screw loosening. According to the stress shielding effect, the stress distribution changes in the fixation segment with BMD reduction should be related to screw loosening, but this has not been identified. We retrospectively collected the radiographic and demographic data of 56 patients treated by single-level oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) with anterior lateral single rod (ALSR) screw fixation. BMD was identified by measuring HU values in vertebral bodies and screw holding planes. Regression analyses identified independent risk factors for cranial and caudal screw loosening separately. Meanwhile, OLIF with ALSR fixation was numerically simulated; the elastic modulus of bony structures was adjusted to simulate different grades of BMD reduction. Stress distribution changes were judged by computing stress distribution in screws, bone-screw interfaces, and cancellous bones in the fixation segment. The results showed that HU reduction in vertebral bodies and screw holding planes were independent risk factors for screw loosening. The predictive performance of screw holding plane HU is better than the mean HU of vertebral bodies. Cranial screws suffer a higher risk of screw loosening, but HU was not significantly different between cranial and caudal sides. The poor BMD led to stress concentrations on both the screw and bone-screw interfaces. Biomechanical deterioration was more severe in the cranial screws than in the caudal screws. Additionally, lower stress can also be observed in fixation segments' cancellous bone. Therefore, a higher proportion of ALSR load transmission triggers stress concentration on the screw and bone-screw interfaces in patients with poor BMD. This, together with decreased bony strength in the screw holding position, contributes to screw loosening in osteoporotic patients biomechanically. The trajectory optimization of ALSR screws based on preoperative HU measurement and regular anti-osteoporosis therapy may effectively reduce the risk of screw loosening.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137280

RESUMO

Metal nanoparticles stabilized by crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are highly promising for green heterogeneous catalysis. In this work, in situ formed ultrafine Pd nanocatalysts with an average size of 3.14 nm have been successfully immobilized into the mesopores or defects of a water-stable indium-based MOF by the double-solvent method and subsequent reduction. Significantly, the obtained Pd@InOF-1 displays an obvious and satisfactory size-selective effect in the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction between arylboronic acids and aryl bromides. On the basis of the synergistic effect, microporous InOF-1 nanorods afford a confined space for improving the selectivity of target products while Pd nanoparticles endow abundant active sites for catalysis. Herein, choosing the smallest size reactant with only one benzene ring gives the highest isolated yield of 90%, and if the size is larger, the yield is obviously reduced or even the target product could not be collected. Looking forward, this demonstrated study not only assembles a well-designed Pd@MOF composite with unique micro-nanostructures but also delivers an impressive option for cross-coupling reaction, which has implications for the further development of MOF hybrids for sustainable applications.

18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 380, 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: SS-OCTA and ICGA images of 39 eyes with symptomatic CSC were collected and aligned. Spatial overlap of the annotations of the coarse granulated high reflective area on choriocapillary OCTA and the hyperfluorescence area on mid-phase ICGA was calculated according to the Jaccard index (JI). SS-OCTA findings of fellow eyes and changes in SS-OCTA abnormalities during the follow-up were also analyzed. RESULTS: Three main types of abnormalities in choriocapillaris SS-OCTA images were found: type A, coarse granulated high reflective area (39 eyes [100%]); type B, roundish dark halo around Type A (32 eyes [82.1%]); and type C, coarse granulated low reflective area (39 eyes [100%]). The mean JI of type A on SS-OCTA and the hyperfluorescence area on ICGA were 0.55 ± 0.15 for grader 1 and 0.49 ± 0.15 for grader 2. The mean area of type A abnormalities on SS-OCTA and hyperfluorescence on ICGA was 3.976 (IQR, 2.139-8.168) and 3.043 (IQR, 1.408-4.909) mm2 (P = 0.199). The areas of type A, B and C abnormalities on SS-OCTA after laser treatment or observation were 3.36mm2 (IQR, 2.399-9.312), 2.9mm2 (IQR, 2.15-3.7), and 0.19mm2 (IQR, 0.08-0.23), respectively, which was smaller than those in the baseline (7.311mm2 (IQR 3.788-11.209), P < 0.001; 4.3mm2 (IQR, 2.8-9.8), P = 0.002;0.33mm2 (IQR, 0.23-0.38), P < 0.001). The change in the type A, B or C area was not significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.679, 0.732, and 0.892). CONCLUSION: The coarse granulated high reflective area in SS-OCTA corresponded well with the hyperpermeability area in ICGA. SS-OCTA promotes noninvasive visualization and follow-up quantifications of the choroidal vasculature in CSC patients.

19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 956652, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059649

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of 18FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters in predicting hematological toxicity (HT) during chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). Methods and materials: Forty-one patients with LACC undergoing concurrent CRT were retrospectively analyzed. The correlations among age, body mass index, FIGO stage, differentiation, maximum diameter of primary lesion, parametrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, pelvic active bone marrow volume (BMACT), BMACT volume percentage (BMACT%), maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), and HT were analyzed using hypothesis testing and logistic regression. A p-value< 0.05 was considered significant unless otherwise specified. Results: Among the 41 patients, 19 had grade 3-4 HT and 22 had grade 0-2 HT. Only SUVmax (Z = -1.961, p = 0.050) and BMACT% (χ2 = 7.769, p = 0.020) showed statistically significant difference in univariate analysis. In logistic regression, grade 3-4 HT was not associated with SUVmax. The probability of HT occurrence in<30% BMACT% was 0.071 times less than in 30%-40% BMACT% (p = 0.010, OR = 0.071, 95% CI = 0.010-0.532), and the probability of HT occurrence in >40% BMACT% was 0.148 times less than in 30%-40% BMACT% (p = 0.037, OR = 0.148, 95% CI = 0.025-0.892). Conclusion: Baseline 18FDG PET/CT BMACT% could help predict the severity of HT during CRT for LACC.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 977266, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059695

RESUMO

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) is a rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma marked by migration of T-lymphocytes to the skin. It has many subtypes some of which are aggressive with documented metastasis. We investigated a possible role of lncRNA MALAT1 in CTCL cells because of its documented involvement in cancer metastasis. A screening of MALAT1 in CTCL patients revealed its elevated levels in the patients, compared to healthy individuals. For our investigation, we employed HH and H9 CTCL cells and silenced MALAT1 to understand the MALAT1 mediated functions. Such silencing of MALAT1 resulted in reversal of EMT and inhibition of cancer stem cell phenotype, along with reduced cell growth and proliferation. EMT reversal was established through increased E-cadherin and reduced N-cadherin while inhibition of cancer stem cell phenotype was evident through reduced Sox2 and Nanog. CTCL patients had higher circulating levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TGFß, PGE2 and MMP7 which are factors released by tumor-associated macrophages in tumor microenvironment. MALAT1 sponged miR-124 as this tumor suppressive miRNA was de-repressed upon MALAT1 silencing. Moreover, downregulation of miR-124 attenuated MALAT1 silencing effects. Our study provides a rationale for further studies focused on an evaluation of MALAT1-miR-124 in CTCL progression.

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