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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404139, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689425

RESUMO

Trisulfide unit is widely found in natural products and has garnered attention due to the unique pharmacological and physiochemical properties. However, despite limited progress, widely applicable approaches for constructing unsymmetrical trisulfides have so far remain scarce. In this work, an easy-to-prepare, solid-state and scalable reagent, S-substituted sulphenylthiosulphate, has been developed for the divergent synthesis of unsymmetrical trisulfides. Alkyl electrophile substrates, including bromides, chlorides, iodides and tosylates, with diverse substituents are smoothly converted to the corresponding trisulfides with S-substituted sulphenylthiosulphates and thiourea as another sulfur source. Furthermore, the late-stage modification of drug molecules was successfully achieved through this method.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406047, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739107

RESUMO

A multifunctional photoinitiator is presented, offering precise control over light-induced polymerization initiation at 450 nm and material degradation at 365 nm. This is accomplished by covalently linking photoactive bis(acyl)phosphane oxide and photocleavable o-nitrobenzyl ether moieties onto the surface of γ-cyclodextrin. Upon degradation, the resulting linear polymers can be easily re-dissolved in their corresponding monomer and re-cured, exhibiting superior mechanical properties compared to the pristine material. Moreover, this photoinitiator enables the successful 3D printing of intricate and precise structures, representing a promising general strategy for developing recyclable photoresins for 3D printing applications.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(23): e202405135, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567459

RESUMO

Additive manufacturing (AM) of copper through laser-based processes poses challenges, primarily attributed to the high thermal conductivity and low laser absorptivity of copper powder or wire as the feedstock. Although the use of copper salts in vat photopolymerization-based AM techniques has garnered recent attention, achieving micro-architected copper with high conductivity and density has remained elusive. In this study, we present a facile and efficient process to create complex 3D micro-architected copper structures with superior electrical conductivity and hardness. The process entails the formulation of an ion-exchangeable photoresin, followed by the utilization of digital light processing (DLP) printing to sculpt 3D hydrogel scaffolds, which were transformed into Cu2+-chelated polymer frameworks (Cu-CPFs) with a high loading of Cu2+ ions through ion exchange, followed by debinding and sintering, results in the transformation of Cu-CPFs into miniaturized copper architectures. This methodology represents an efficient pathway for the creation of intricate micro-architected 3D metal structures.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(15): e202319758, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353649

RESUMO

Fluorinated small molecules are commonly used in functional small-molecule chemistry, and N-difluoromethyl (N-CF2H) compounds are particularly intriguing due to their unique and unexplored physiochemical properties. However, despite limited progress, a general methodological approach to the synthesis of N-CF2H compounds remains elusive. Here, guided by computation, we present a simple and practical protocol to access N-CF2H amides and related carbonyl derivatives. The protocol involves a one-pot conversion of thioformamides through desulfurization-fluorination and acylation, providing N-difluoromethylcarbamoyl fluoride building blocks that can be further diversified to a variety of unexplored N-CF2H carbonyl compounds with rich functionality. Additionally, preliminary studies on their properties and stability showcased their potential application in pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(45): e202313779, 2023 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37749059

RESUMO

Polythioamide is a unique type of sulfur-containing polymer with advanced functionalities. Nonetheless, the elemental sulfur commonly used in their synthesis tends to react readily with unsaturated functional groups, thereby limiting the scope of eligible substrates. Inspired by the highly efficient sulfur-fluoride exchange (SuFEx) polymerization through discrete hubs, we present herein a pioneering and versatile approach to the synthesis of polythioamides from diboronic acids, secondary diamines, and thiocarbonyl fluoride as the central connective hub. Well-defined structures, including previously inaccessible unsaturated substrates, were realized. These newly devised polythioamides can efficiently and selectively bind to metal ions and were applied in precious-metal recovery. Further development resulted in PdII -crosslinked single-chain nanoparticles serving as recyclable homogeneous catalysts, thus demonstrating the vast potential of these unprecedented polythioamides. We anticipate that thiocarbonyl fluoride could emerge as a potent hub for facilitating the intricate synthesis of sulfur-containing polymers.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(40): e202310320, 2023 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37582683

RESUMO

Axially chiral N-substituted quinazolinones are important bioactive molecules, which are presented in many synthetic drugs. However, most strategies toward their atroposelective synthesis are mainly limited to the axially chiral arylquinazolinone frameworks. The development of modular synthetic methods to access diverse quinazolinone-based atropisomers remains scarce and challenging. Herein, we report the regio- and atroposelective synthesis of axially chiral N-vinylquinazolinones via the strategy of asymmetric allylic substitution-isomerization. The catalysis system utilized both asymmetric transition-metal catalysis and organocatalysis to efficiently afford trisubstituted and tetrasubstituted N-vinylquinazolinone atropisomers, respectively. With the meticulous design of ß-substituted allylic substrates, both Z- and E-tetrasubstituted axially chiral N-vinylquinazolinones were obtained in good yields and high enantioselectivities.

7.
Chem Rec ; 23(9): e202300108, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37265346

RESUMO

Molecules featuring fluorine-containing functional groups exhibit outstanding properties with high density, low sensitivity, excellent thermal stability, and good energetic performance due to the strong electron-withdrawing ability and high density of fluorine. Hence, they play a pivotal role in the field of energetic materials. In light of current theoretical and experimental reports, this review systematically focuses on three types of energetic materials possessing fluorine-containing functional groups F- and NF2 - substituted trinitromethyl groups (C(NO2 )2 F, C(NO2 )2 NF2 ), trifluoromethyl group (CF3 ), and difluoroamino and pentafluorosulfone groups (NF2 , SF5 ) and investigates the synthetic methods, physicochemical parameters, and energetic properties of each. The incorporation of fluorine-containing functional moieties is critical for the development of novel high energy density materials, and is rapidly being adopted in the design of energetic materials.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(49): e202212115, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224095

RESUMO

The synthesis of N-CF3 compounds through fluorination or trifluoromethylation of N-containing compounds has been extensively investigated. However, general access to N-CF3 compounds simply from N-CF3 secondary amines is hampered by the challenging preparation and instability of these amines, as well as a much lower reactivity due to the strong electron-withdrawing nature and steric bulk of the trifluoromethyl moiety. Herein, we report a general and highly efficient synthesis of N-CF3 secondary amines with excellent isolated yields via the addition of the in situ generated difluoromethyl imine (R-N=CF2 ) intermediates with hydrogen fluoride, which is mildly produced by triethylsilane and silver fluoride. N-CF3 sulfonamides, highly desirable but scarce at present, are easily accessible from these valuable building blocks through an unprecedented route. This study will bring new vitality to the synthesis of N-CF3 compounds.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(51): e202210456, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36281992

RESUMO

Axially chiral molecules bearing multiple stereogenic axes are of great importance in the field of organic chemistry. However, the efficient construction of atropisomers featuring two different types of stereogenic axes has rarely been explored. Herein, we report the novel atroposelective synthesis of configurationally stable axially chiral B,N-heterocycles. By using stepwise asymmetric allylic substitution-isomerization (AASI) strategy, diaxially chiral B,N-heterocycles bearing B-C and C-N axes that are related to the moieties of axially chiral enamines and arylborons were also obtained. In this case, all four stereoisomers of diaxially chiral B,N-heterocycles were stereodivergently afforded in high enantioselectivities. Density functional theory (DFT) studies demonstrated that the NH⋅⋅⋅π interactions played a unique role in the promotion of stereospecific isomerization, thereby leading to the highly efficient central-to-axial chirality transfer.

10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 178: 113642, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421640

RESUMO

Mangroves bear enormous ecosystem value, while the ecosystems are facing increasing environmental pressures. In this study, 73 samples of soil sediments in mangroves, paddy fields, grasslands, forests, and shrimp ponds were collected from Shankou Mangrove National Nature Reserve (SKMNNR), Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. The pollution status and ecological risks of heavy metal elements of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Pb, V, and Co were determined using the enrichment factor (EF), geoaccumulaton index (Igeo), and potential ecological risk index (PERI). The average concentration is shown to be substantially lower than the background value. In general, the Igeo values indicated that the pollution conditions of different land use types in SKMNNR are relatively minor. Most of the PERI values were at the moderate level. This study demonstrates that the current status of sediment quality in SKMNNR is relatively good, and the pollution level is relatively low. Large-scale coastal aquaculture development and industrial expansion should not no longer be permitted there.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Metais Pesados , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 373, 2022 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042873

RESUMO

The construction of axially chiral N-heterobiaryls is of great interest as a result of their occurrence in organocatalysts, chiral ligands, natural products, and biologically active molecules. Despite remarkable achievements in this area, strategies for the preparation of new classes of axially chiral N-heterobiaryls remain to be further explored. Herein, we report the enantioselective synthesis of axially chiral arylquinolizones through an intramolecular atroposelective cycloisomerization. The reaction proceeds via the Brønsted acid-enhanced dearomatization of pyridine by a copper catalyst that allows for the formation of the desired products in excellent yields and enantioselectivities. The utility of this methodology is illustrated by a synthesis on gram scale production and transformation of the products into chiral thiourea catalysts. Mechanistic studies demonstrate that Brønsted acid plays a significant role in promoting the reactivity of the reaction, while both the steric and electronic effects of aryl substituents in substrate play a role in controlling the stereoselectivity.

12.
Org Lett ; 24(1): 181-185, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870437

RESUMO

A method for electrophilic (fluoroalkyl)sulfenylation of nucleophiles by collaborative CTAB- and squaric acid-promoted deoxygenation of sulfonyl derivatives is reported. Mechanistic studies indicate that squaric acid dramatically decreased the energy barrier in the first step of deoxygenation. The mild deoxygenation process enables the reduction of a wide range of functionalized sulfonyl chlorides as well as sulfonic anhydrides. The novel method represents an operationally simple protocol using readily available reagents and exhibits broad functional group tolerance.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(28): 10686-10694, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228930

RESUMO

Axially chiral styrenes are of great interest since they may serve as a class of novel chiral ligands in asymmetric synthesis. However, only recently have strategies been developed for their enantioselective preparation. Thus, the development of novel and efficient methodologies is highly desirable. Herein, we reported the first tandem iridium catalysis as a general strategy for the synthesis of axially chiral styrenes enabled by Asymmetric Allylic Substitution-Isomerization (AASI) using cinnamyl carbonate analogues as electrophiles and naphthols as nucleophiles. In this approach, axially chiral styrenes were generated through two independent iridium-catalytic cycles: iridium-catalyzed asymmetric allylic substitution and in situ isomerization via stereospecific 1,3-hydride transfer catalyzed by the same iridium catalyst. Both experimental and computational studies demonstrated that the isomerization proceeded by iridium-catalyzed benzylic C-H bond oxidative addition, followed by terminal C-H reductive elimination. Amid the central-to-axial chirality transfer, the hydroxyl of naphthol plays a crucial role in ensuring the stereospecificity by coordinating with the Ir(I) center. The process accommodated broad functional group compatibility. The products were generated in excellent yields with excellent to high enantioselectivities, which could be transformed to various axially chiral molecules.

14.
RSC Adv ; 11(35): 21405-21413, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478838

RESUMO

A nano-porous Al/Au skeleton is constructed to effectively improve the utilization rate of the active MnO2 and the overall adhesion between the current collector and MnO2 in an electrodeposition system. The Al/Au current collector is prepared by first forming a nano-porous structure on the surface of Al foil through etching modification, and subsequently coating an ultra-thin Au layer onto the Al foil. The active MnO2 is electrodeposited on the Al/Au current collector to fabricate a novel Al/Au/MnO2 electrode. The nano-porous skeleton supports MnO2 to grow autonomously inside-out. The ultra-thin Au layer acts as a transition layer to improve the overall conductivity of the current collector (0.35 Ω m-1) and to improve the adhesion with MnO2 as well. Owing to the highly porous structure, the electrochemical properties of the electrode are greatly improved, as evidenced by a remarkable specific capacitance of 222.13 mF cm-2 at 0.2 mA cm-2 and excellent rate capability of 63% capacitance retention at 6.0 mA cm-2. Furthermore, the assembled solid-state symmetric supercapacitor exhibits a high energy density of 0.68 mW h cm-3, excellent cyclic stability (86.3% capacitance retention after 2000 cycles), and prominent flexibility.

15.
J Org Chem ; 85(19): 12374-12381, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866002

RESUMO

A practical and efficient method to synthesize thiocarbamyl fluorides and isothiocyanates from amines with trifluoromethanesulfonyl chloride was developed. In the presence of the reducing agent triphenylphosphine and sodium iodide, thiocarbamyl fluorides and isothiocyanates were synthesized from secondary/primary amine in moderate to excellent yields, respectively. A broad scope of substrates and good functional group compatibility were observed.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(28): 3995-3998, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154520

RESUMO

A one-pot difluoromethylthiolation of alkyl electrophiles with thiourea and diethyl bromodifluoromethylphosphonate is described. The transition-metal-free approach, readily available reagents, and mild conditions provide a practical way for the synthesis of difluoromethyl thioethers. By changing the "H" source to the most commonly used "D" sources CD3OD and D2O, this strategy enables efficient synthesis of SCF2D-substituted molecules in good yields with high levels of D incorporation.

17.
J Org Chem ; 85(6): 3993-4001, 2020 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913626

RESUMO

The fluoromethoxymethylation of nitrogen heterocyclic compounds with fluoromethyl iodide has been reported for the first time. In this reaction, a number of unexplored fluoromethoxymethylated nitrogen heterocyclic compounds including indoles, carbazoles, and 1H-indazoles were efficiently formed. Mechanistic studies indicated that this transformation consists of electrophilic monofluoromethylation, rapid hydrolysis, and another electrophilic monofluoromethylation. This method makes it possible to synthesize complex bioactive molecules containing a CH2OCH2F group, which have the potential to be a new series of fluorine-containing chemical entities for medicinal chemists.

18.
J Org Chem ; 85(2): 977-984, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744297

RESUMO

Newly developed sulfonyl chloride-based regioselective chlorothiolation of alkenes has been disclosed; the reaction is compatible with a variety of functional groups and can be scaled up to the gram scale with no loss in yield. The employment of readily available reactants, mild reaction conditions, and high regioselectivity makes this process very practical. Mechanistic studies revealed a possible free radical reaction pathway.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(59): 8536-8539, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259352

RESUMO

A newly developed CF3SO2Na-based trifluoromethylation of secondary amines has been disclosed, and the method has been successfully extended to the configuration of perfluoroalkyl amines using RfSO2Na, complementing the established synthesis strategy of trifluoromethyl amines. Advantages of the method include good functional group tolerance, mild conditions, and inexpensive or easy-to-handle materials. Mechanistic probes indicate that the thiocarbonyl fluoride formed in situ is the key intermediate in the reaction.

20.
Org Lett ; 21(15): 6025-6028, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339324

RESUMO

A highly carbon-selective monofluoromethylation of a broad range of ß-ketoesters with fluoromethyl iodide under mild conditions is described. The uses of lithium tert-butoxide as the base and diglyme as the solvent made great contributions to the high C/O regioselectivity.

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