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1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have previously reported the normal values of corneal volume (CV) in various populations, whereas little is known about the CV distribution in healthy young Chinese adults. Our study aimed to investigate the distribution of CV and its relationships with other ocular biometric parameters among healthy young Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 eyes from 1645 students at Dali University in Yunnan Province, China, were analyzed. Pentacam was used to measure CV. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP) were evaluated by Corvis-ST. Other biometrical parameters, including axial length (AL), keratometry, and white-to-white (WTW) distance, were measured using IOL Master. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 19.01 ± 0.92 years, and 68.81% of them were women. The CV was normally distributed in the whole sample, with a mean value of 61.23 ± 3.22 mm3. CV and CCT were significantly smaller in the Yi ethnic group than in the Han ethnic group (p < 0.01). CCT (coefficient: 0.085; p < 0.001) and keratometry (coefficient: 0.422; p < 0.001) were positively correlated with CV, while AL (coefficient: -0.204; p < 0.001), WTW distance (coefficient: -0.236; p < 0.001) and bIOP (coefficient: -0.06; p < 0.001) were inversely associated with CV. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an age-specific distribution of CV among healthy young Chinese adults. CCT, keratometry, AL, WTW distance and bIOP were important factors associated with CV.


Assuntos
Córnea , Pressão Intraocular , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Tonometria Ocular , Biometria
2.
Eye (Lond) ; 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between corneal stress-strain index (SSI) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1645 healthy university students from a university-based study contributed to the analysis. The RNFL thickness was measured by high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT), axial length (AL) was measured by IOL Master, and corneal biomechanics including SSI, biomechanical corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP), and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured by Corvis ST. Multivariate linear regression was performed to evaluate the relationship between the SSI and RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 19.0[Formula: see text]0.9 years, and 1132 (68.8%) were women. Lower SSI was significantly associated with thinner RNFL thickness ([Formula: see text]=8.601, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.999-14.203, [Formula: see text] = 0.003) after adjusting for age, CCT, bIOP, and AL. No significant association between SSI and RNFL was found in men, while the association was significant in women in the fully adjusted model. The association was significant in the nonhigh myopic group ([Formula: see text] for trend = 0.021) but not in the highly myopic group. Eyes with greater bIOP and lower SSI had significantly thinner RNFL thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Eyes with lower SSI had thinner RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates, especially those with higher bIOP. Our findings add novel evidence of the relationship between corneal biomechanics and retinal ganglion cell damage.

3.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(1): 121-132, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37401934

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the associations of corneal biomechanical properties as measured by the Corvis ST with refractive errors and ocular biometry in an unselected sample of young adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 healthy university students underwent corneal biomechanical parameters measurement by the Corvis ST. The refractive status of the participants was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. Ocular biometric parameters were measured using the IOL Master. RESULTS: After adjusting for the effect of age, sex, biomechanical-corrected intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness, axial length was significantly associated with A1 velocity (A1v, ß = -10.47), A2 velocity (A2v, ß = 4.66), A2 deflection amplitude (A2DeflA, ß = -6.02), HC deflection amplitude (HC-DeflA, ß = 5.95), HC peak distance (HC-PD, ß = 2.57), deformation amplitude ratio max (DA Rmax, ß = -0.36), Ambrósio's relational thickness to the horizontal profile (ARTh, ß = 0.002). For axial length / corneal radius ratio, only A1v (ß = -2.01), A1 deflection amplitude (A1DeflA, ß = 2.30), HC-DeflA (ß = 1.49), HC-PD (ß = -0.21), DA Rmax (ß = 0.07), stress-strain index (SSI, ß = -0.29), ARTh (ß < 0.001) were significant associates. A1v (ß = 23.18), HC-DeflA (ß = -15.36), HC-PD (ß = 1.27), DA Rmax (ß = -0.66), SSI (ß = 3.53), ARTh (ß = -0.02) were significantly associated with spherical equivalent. CONCLUSION: Myopic eyes were more likely to have more deformable corneas and corneas in high myopia were easier to deform and were even softer compared with those in the mild/moderate myopia.


Assuntos
Córnea , Miopia , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Refração Ocular , Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Miopia/diagnóstico , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
4.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 12(12): 13, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085247

RESUMO

Purpose: Eye movement has been frequently studied in clinical conditions, but the association with myopia has been less explored, especially in population-based samples. The purpose of this study was to assess the associations of eye movement measured by the Corvis ST with refractive status in healthy university students. Methods: A total of 1640 healthy students were included in the study (19.0 ± 0.9 years). Eye movement parameters (whole eye movement [WEM]; whole eye movement time [WEMT]) were measured by the Corvis ST. Spherical equivalent (SE) was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. IOL Master was used to assess axial length (AL). Results: AL was negatively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = -0.28, rWEMT = -0.08), and SE was positively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = 0.21, rWEMT = 0.14). For the risk of high myopia, breakpoint analysis and restricted cubic spline model showed that the knots of the significant steep downward trend of WEM and WEMT were 0.27 mm and 20.4 ms, respectively. The piecewise linear regression model revealed a significant correlation between AL, SE, and WEM when the value of WEM was below 0.27 mm. Additionally, when WEMT exceeded 20.4 ms, a significant decrease in AL and an increase in SE were observed with increasing WEMT. Conclusions: A larger distance and longer duration of eye movement were correlated with a lower degree of myopia and shorter AL, and there was a threshold effect. Translational Relevance: The findings might aid in understanding the pathogenesis of myopia and provide a theoretical foundation for clinical diagnosis and prediction.


Assuntos
Movimentos Oculares , Miopia , Humanos , Universidades , Córnea , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , Estudantes
5.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 1378, 2023 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37464325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myopia is prevalent in children and adolescents. Understanding the effect of multiple behaviors and their latent patterns on ocular biometric parameters may help clinicians and public health practitioners understand the behavioral risk pattern of myopia from a person-centered perspective. The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of four major behavioral risk factors associated with myopia, including time spent outdoors, digital screen time, sleep duration, and performance of Chinese eye exercises. The study also examined the relationships between these behavioral patterns and myopia as well as ocular biometric parameters in a sample of Chinese college students. METHODS: This study included 2014 students from the Dali University Students Eye Health Study. The average age of the subjects was 19.0 ± 0.9 years old, ranging from 15.7 to 25.1 years old. Each participant's refractive status was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia and ocular biometric parameters were measured using an IOL Master. Behavioral risk factors were collected using a pre-designed self-administered questionnaire. Latent class analysis (LCA) was performed to identify cluster patterns of various behaviors. RESULTS: The prevalence of myopia was 91.8% in this population. The 2-class model was selected for the LCA based on goodness-of-fit evaluation metrics. Among the overall study sample, 41.1% and 58.9% were assigned into the high-risk and low-risk class, respectively. The risk of myopia [odds ratio (OR) = 2.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.52-3.14], high myopia (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.14-1.78) and axial length/corneal radius (AL/CR) ratio of more than 3.0 (OR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.22-2.72) were significantly higher in the high-risk compared with low-risk class. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese university students showed differential risks of myopia and could be subdivided into high- and low-risk clusters based on four behavioral variables.


Assuntos
Miopia , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Análise de Classes Latentes , Miopia/epidemiologia , Refração Ocular , Estudantes , Testes Visuais , China/epidemiologia
6.
Chronobiol Int ; 40(6): 803-811, 2023 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37154043

RESUMO

Research indicates that sleep problem is a behavioral risk factor of obesity. However, few research have applied a multi-dimensional approach to investigate the relationship between sleep health and adiposity. Therefore, the current study aimed to examine the associations of sleep characteristics (duration, quality) and chronotype with overweight/obesity as measured by body mass index. Data were obtained from 2014 college students from the Dali University in the Yunnan province of China in the year 2021. Sleep characteristics and chronotype were measured using self-reported questionnaires. The presence of overweight/obesity was assessed by anthropometric measurements. Multiple logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline hazard models were established to examine associations between sleep characteristics, chronotype and adiposity. After adjusting for demographic characteristics and other obesity-related behavioral risk factors, evening type was positively associated with overweight/obesity, and an L-shaped dose-effect relationship was observed between chronotype scores and the presence of overweight/obesity. However, sleep duration and quality were not associated with the presence of overweight/obesity in the logistic regression models and restrictive cubic splines models. This study indicated that Chinese college students who had the evening chronotype were more likely to be affected by overweight/obesity. Chronotype as an important dimension of sleep health should be incorporated in obesity intervention programs.


Assuntos
Cronotipo , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Universidades , Ritmo Circadiano , China/epidemiologia , Sono , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Psychol Health Med ; 28(10): 2883-2896, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37231742

RESUMO

College freshmen are special populations facing great challenges in adapting to the brand new environment, and their lifestyle and emotional states are worthy of attention. Especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, their screen time and prevalence of negative emotions were significantly increased, but few studies have focused on such situation of college freshmen and illustrated relevant mechanisms. Thus, based on a sample of Chinese college freshmen during the COVID-19 pandemic, the current study aimed to investigate the association between their screen time and negative emotions (depression, anxiety and stress), and further explore the mediating effects of sleep quality. Data from 2,014 college freshmen was analyzed. The screen time was self-reported by participants using predesigned questionnaires. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Chinese Version of Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were used to assess sleep quality and emotional states, respectively. The mediation analysis was conducted to examine the meditation effect. Results indicated that participants with negative emotions tended to have longer daily screen time and worse sleep quality, sleep quality partially mediated the association between screen time and negative emotions.The critical role of sleep quality and related intervention measures should be recognized and implemented.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Pandemias , Tempo de Tela , Emoções , COVID-19/epidemiologia
8.
Eye (Lond) ; 37(13): 2723-2729, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Smoking and alcohol consumption are important risk factors for several ocular disorders, but their effects on corneal biomechanics remain unclear. Our study aims to explore the association between smoking and alcohol consumption with corneal biomechanical parameters measured by Corvis-ST (CST) among university students. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1645 healthy university students from a university-based study were included, and all participants underwent corneal biomechanical parameters measurement by CST. We selected 10 reliable parameters that can reflect the corneal deformation response. All participants had a standardised interview to determine their smoking and alcohol consumption status. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 19.0 ± 0.9 years, and 1132 (68.8%) were women. Smoking was significantly associated with stiffer corneas. Smokers showed significantly slower second applanation velocity (A2v) (ß = 0.007 m/s, 95% confidence interval 0.001 to 0.014, P = 0.032) and lower integrated radius (IR) (ß = -0.214 mm-1, 95% confidence interval -0.420 to -0.007, P = 0.043) than non-smokers after adjusting for age, gender, eye-rubbing, myopia, and body mass index (BMI). Smokers with BMI no less than 24.0 showed slower A2v and lower IR. Alcohol consumption and passive smoking were found no significant association with corneal biomechanics. CONCLUSION: Smokers had less deformable corneas, especially those with BMI no less than 24.0. Our findings provide new evidence for the association between smoking and ocular disorders associated with corneal biomechanics like glaucoma.


Assuntos
Córnea , Pressão Intraocular , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Masculino , Universidades , Córnea/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Tonometria Ocular
9.
J Affect Disord ; 317: 256-264, 2022 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: College freshmen tend to have more psychological and behavioral problems compared with other populations, especially depressive symptoms. Perceived parental control has been proved to play a significant role in mental health among children and adolescents. Based on the theoretical and empirical research of chronotype and sleep quality, this study constructed a chain mediating model to examine whether they mediated the relationship between parental control and depressive symptoms among Chinese college freshmen. METHODS: A total of 2014 college freshmen from Dali University were recruited to participate in this study and completed self-report Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). PROCESS 3.5 for SPSS was applied to determine the chain mediating effect of chronotype and sleep quality between parental control and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: College freshmen with depressive symptoms have higher levels of parental control and worse subjective sleep quality than normal population (all p < 0.001). All study variables are correlated with each other, while chronotype has no significant association with depressive symptoms (r = -0.03, p > 0.05). Both maternal and paternal control have a direct link with depressive symptoms (ß = 0.86, p < 0.001; ß = 0.88, p < 0.001). Parental control could affect depressive symptoms via the independent mediating effect of sleep quality and the chain mediating effect of chronotype and sleep quality. The total indirect effects of maternal and paternal control on depressive symptoms are 0.93 and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Chronotype and sleep quality could mediate the association between parental control and depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Sono , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Pais , Qualidade do Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
10.
Plant Divers ; 44(1): 83-93, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35281119

RESUMO

A single small population of chasmophytic plants is described as M ojiangia oreophila, a monotypic genus in the subtribe Crepidinae, characterised by a unique combination of morphological features, in particular densely long-papillose homomorphic achenes with five main ribs each accompanied by two secondary ribs, coarse brownish pappus bristles, moderately many-flowered capitula, a small involucre with numerous outer phyllaries, perennial rosette herb growth and brown-woolly caudex and leaf axils. Molecular phylogenetic analysis detected that in the nrITS phylogeny M. oreophila forms a clade of its own in the Crepidinae; in the plastid DNA phylogeny it is nested in the clade formed by the hybridogenous genus Faberia, the maternal ancestor of which comes from the Crepidinae and the paternal ancestor from the Lactucinae, where Faberia is placed in nrITS phylogenies. M. oreophila shares several morphological features with Faberia and also shares the expected chromosome number of 2n = 16 with its hitherto unknown maternal ancestor. M. oreophila may therefore be a successor of the maternal ancestor of Faberia. Alternatively, cytonuclear discordance is to be assumed in Mojiangia, caused by chloroplast capture as a result of hybridisation and introgression with Faberia.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(53): 7266-7269, 2017 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28265612

RESUMO

We herein report the construction of a new heteropore COF which consists of two different kinds of micropores with unprecedented shapes. It exists as hollow microspheres and exhibits an extremely high volatile iodine uptake (up to 481 wt%) by encapsulating iodine in the inner cavities and porous shells of the microspheres.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 126(17): 3311-5, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24033955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species are thought to contribute to the development of renal damage. The P22phox subunit of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAPDH) oxidase, encoded by the cytochrome b245a polypeptide gene, CYBA, plays a key role in superoxide anion production. We investigated the association of CYBA rs7195830 polymorphism with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the role it plays in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a Han Chinese sample. METHODS: The Gaoyou study enrolled 4473 participants. Serum levels of creatinine were measured and eGFR was estimated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equations. The CYBA polymorphisms were genotyped. Then we investigated the association between eGFR and the rs7195830 polymorphism in the recessive model. RESULTS: The AA genotype of rs7195830 was associated with significantly lower values of eGFR compared with the GG and AG genotypes ((102.76 ± 17.07) ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) vs. (105.08 ± 16.30) ml×min(-1)± 1.73 m(-2)). The association remained significant in the recessive model after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, uric acid, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (ß=1.666, P=0.031). The rs7195832 AA genotype was an independent risk factor for CKD: eGFR <60 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) (odds ratio=3.32; 95% CI=1.21-9.13). CONCLUSION: The AA genotype of rs7195830 is independently associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and is significantly associated with CKD.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/genética , NADPH Oxidases/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Povo Asiático/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 38(11): 993-7, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21215228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between c-reactive protein (CRP) and blood pressure in a general population. METHODS: We randomly selected 3889 subjects aged 18 - 74 years stratified by gender and age in Baqiao, a rural area of Jiangsu Province. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect information on medical history, smoking, alcohol intake and use of medications. Blood pressure was measured by mercury sphygmomanometer. Serum CRP (hCRP) concentration was measured using a high sensitivity BNprosec immunonephelometric assay. Subjects were divided into 4 groups according to their interquartile range of CRP levers: group Q1 (men hCRP < 2.04 mg/L; women hCRP < 1.80 mg/L); group Q2 (men 2.04 mg/L ≤ hCRP < 3.01 mg/L; women 1.80 mg/L ≤ hCRP < 2.76 mg/L); group Q3 (men 3.01 mg/L ≤ hCRP < 4.14 mg/L; women 2.76 mg/L ≤ hCRP < 3.84 mg/L); and group Q4 (men 4.14 mg/L ≤ hCRP; women 3.84 mg/L ≤ hCRP). RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure (SBP, adjusted P = 0.016) and pulse pressure (PP, adjusted P = 0.003) of men and PP (adjusted P = 0.002) of women were increased in proportion to increased CRP levels. Diastolic blood pressure was not associated with CRP levels. Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that logCRP was independently associated with SBP and PP in men and PP in women. hCRP was independently associated with hypertension in men. Compared with group Q1, male people in group Q4 faced a 40.4% (95% confidence interval: 4.9% - 87.9%) higher risk of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: hCRP was independently associated with PP in men and women, and SBP in men. hCRP was independently associated with hypertension in men but not in women in this study population.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 14(12): 3341-3, 2004 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15149703

RESUMO

Two 1-thia-DCK analogues (9a and 9b) were synthesized and evaluated for inhibition of HIV-1 replication in H9 lymphocytes. Compound 9a showed excellent anti-HIV activity with an EC(50) value of 0.00012 microM and therapeutic index of 1408000. Compound 9b was less active with EC(50) and TI values of 3.11 microM and 62.3, respectively. The bioassay results indicated that thia-DCK analogues merit attention as potential HIV-1 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/síntese química , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Cânfora/síntese química , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactonas/síntese química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Cânfora/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , HIV-1/fisiologia , Humanos , Lactonas/farmacologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/virologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
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