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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960514

RESUMO

Background Diabetes is a major contributor to global burden of disease. The role of magnesium in the prevention of diabetes has aroused concern. However, the research results on the impact of dietary magnesium on the risk of diabetes are hitherto inconsistent. Objective To evaluate the association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes through a systematic review. Methods PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang databases were searched for prospective studies that contained risk estimates for magnesium intake-associated diabetes and were published from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2021. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to a set of pre-prepared inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data according to an unified data extraction table, and evaluated the quality of included articles with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). R 4.0.3 software and Stata SE16.0 software were used for meta-analysis and subgroup meta-analysis, and Higgins I2 statistics were used to test the heterogeneity of the included studies. The sources of heterogeneity were analyzed by univariate meta regression. Results A total of 14 articles involving 17 prospective cohort studies (1065267 participants and 40506 patients with diabetes) were included in the study. The NOS scores ranged from 8 to 9, with an average of 8.6, indicating that the included studies were classified as being high quality. The highest quintile of magnesium intake group reduced the risk of diabetes by 22% (RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.82) compared with the lowest quintile group. This association was not substantially modified by geographic region, sex, or follow-up length. The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in the Americas and Asia were associated with 22% and 26% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (the Americas, RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Asia, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.63-0.88); The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in female, male and without gender stratified were associated with 22%, 19% and 46% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (Female RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Male RR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.74-0.89; Both RR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.42-0.68); Compared with the lowest quintile groups, the groups with the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake with a follow-up time of less than 10 years and more than 10 years reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 26% and 20% respectively (≤10 years, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.65-0.83; >10 years, RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.75-0.85). After adjusting for hypertension, the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake group reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 20% compared with the lowest quintile group (RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.74-0.85). The year of publication (P<0.05) or the sex of the subjects (P<0.05) may be the source of heterogeneity by meta regression test. The results of Egger’s test for funnel plot asymmetry suggested publication bias. Conclusion The combined data supports a role for high magnesium intake in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Because it is difficult to separate the effect of magnesium intake on diabetes risk from other factors, large-scale and clinical randomized controlled trials are needed to directly assess the impact of magnesium on the incidence rate of diabetes.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960513

RESUMO

Background At present, domestic and foreign studies on the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk are not consistent, and there are relatively few prospective studies in China and the study population is relatively limited. Objective To explore the association between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk in Chinese adults in 15 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), and to provide a scientific basis for revising dietary magnesium intake reference for Chinese residents. Methods A total of 8061 adults aged 18-64 who participated in at least two follow-up surveys in the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009, 2015, and 2018, had complete survey data, and did not report diabetes at baseline were selected as subjects. Food consumption data were collected from 3-day 24-hour dietary recalls and by weighing household cooking oil and condiments. The average daily dietary magnesium intake was calculated based on the food composition table. Multiple Cox proportional risk regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to analyze the association and dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk. Diabetes was defined according to the Chinese Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (2020 edition). Results A total of 47237.46 person-years were followed up, with an average follow-up of 5.86 years. Among 8061 subjects, the incidence rate was 8.86%. Compared with those in the top quintile of magnesium intake (Q5), those with lower dietary magnesium intake were more likely to be female, have higher income, higher education, live in urban areas, and have lower intakes of energy, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and dietary factors, compared with adults in the lowest quintile of dietary magnesium intake, the results of Cox proportional risk regression model showed that the second (median: 220.96 mg·d−1), third (median: 263.01 mg·d−1), and fourth (median: 312.33mg·d−1) quintile dietary magnesium intake reduced the risk of diabetes by 45% (HR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.43-0.71), 39% (HR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.47-0.78), and 34% (HR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.51-0.78), respectively. The results of RCS analysis showed that dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes were U-shaped overall. Taking the 5th percentile magnesium intake as reference, when dietary magnesium intake was lower than 240 mg·d−1, the risk of diabetes gradually decreased with the increase of magnesium intake; the risk was the lowest at 240 mg·d−1, followed by a slight increase in risk at 240-400 mg·d−1; and no statistical difference presented in the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk after 650 mg·d−1. Conclusion The study findings suggest an association between dietary magnesium intake and diebetes risk. The association is negative and non-linear when dietary magnesium intake is below 240 mg·d−1.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-828907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether thrombopoietin (TPO) can rescue megakaryopoiesis by protecting bone marrowderived endothelial progenitor cells (BM-EPCs) in patients receiving chemotherapy for hematological malignancies.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples were collected from 23 patients with hematological malignancies 30 days after chemotherapy and from 10 healthy volunteers. BM-EPCs isolated from the samples were identified by staining for CD34, CD309 and CD133, and their proliferation in response to treatment with TPO was assessed using CCK8 assay. DiL-Ac-LDL uptake and FITC-UEA-I binding assay were performed to evaluate the amount of BM-EPCs from the subjects. Tube-formation and migration experiments were used for functional assessment of the BM-EPCs. The BM-EPCs with or without TPO treatment were co-cultured with human megakaryocytes, and the proliferation of the megakaryocytes was detected with flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometry indicated that the TPO-treated cells had high expressions of CD34, CD133, and CD309. CCK8 assay demonstrated that TPO treatment enhanced the proliferation of the BM-EPCs, and the optimal concentration of TPO was 100 μg/L. Double immunofluorescence assay indicated that the number of BM-EPC was significantly higher in TPO-treated group than in the control group. The TPO-treated BM-EPCs exhibited stronger tube-formation and migration abilities ( < 0.05) and more significantly enhanced the proliferation of co-cultured human megakaryocytes than the control cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TPO can directly stimulate megakaryopoiesis and reduce hemorrhage via protecting the function of BM-EPCs in patients following chemotherapy for hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Humanos , Medula Óssea , Células da Medula Óssea , Células Cultivadas , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Megacariócitos , Trombopoetina
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2325-2332, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-825886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To explore the mechanism of Hippophae rhamnoides in the treatment of Alzheimer ’s disease (AD), and to provide theoretic reference for further exploring the material basis. METHODS :TCMSP,Uniprot,GeneCards database were used to screen the active components of H. rhamnoides ,targets and AD-related target gene. The “ingredients-targets-related diseases”network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1 software. STRING database was adopted to construct protein interaction (PPI)network,molecular docking was conducted between the potential targets with high degree values and active components of H. rhamnoides . The gene ontology (GO)analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG)pathway enrichment analysis were performed by Clue GO for the potential target of H. rhamnoides in the treatment of AD. Totally 50 mice were randomly divided into blank group ,model group [ D-galactose 120 mg/(kg·d),AlCl3 solution 20 mg/(mL·d)],positive drug group [oxiracetam 260 mg/(kg·d)],seabuckthorn oil extract group [ 1.6 g/(kg·d)],seabuckthorn polyphenols group [1.6 g/(kg·d)],with 10 mice in each group. The mice was given relevant medicine intragastrically and modeling agent ;blank group was given constant volume of distilled water intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 60 d. The learning and memory abilities were detected by Morris water maze test ;the levels of immune factors in hippocampus tissue were measured by ELISA. Pathological morphology of hippocampus tissue was observed by HE staining. The mechanism of H. rhamnoides in the treatment of AD was validated preliminarily. RESULTS :Totally 22 active components of H. rhamnoides (quercetin,kaempferol,isorhamnetin, β-carotene,β-sitosterol) may affect biological processes such as nuclear receptor activity ,lipopolysaccharide-mediated signal pathway,and may affect 114 methabolism pathways such as IL- 17 signal transduction pathway ,TNF signal transduction pathway by regulating 147 targets such as serine/threonine kinase coding protein (AKT1),amino terminal kinase (JUN)and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK1). The results of molecular docking showed that binding scores of the main active components of H. rhamnoides and the main target proteins were all above 4.25,which showed good binding activity. Results of pharmacology experiment showed that H. rhamnoides extract could shorten the escape latency of AD model mice ,increased the times of crossing platform,relieved hippocampus injury of cerebral tissue ,and decreased the contents of inflammatory factors TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6 and IL- 17 in hippocampus of cerebral tissue. CONCLUSIONS :The active components of H. rhamnoides can regulate multiple targets in the important pathway of AD ;animal experiments preliminarily verify that H. rhamnoides can relieve the hippocampus injury and improve the learning and memory ability of AD model mice by inhibiting the expression of inflammatory factors.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-609801

RESUMO

Objective To investigate whether activation of protein kmase C (PKC) can induce the activation and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor enthroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro,and explore whether PKC activation may affect the expression of Nrf2 in RPE cells.Methods PKC-specific activator phorbol ester PMA was used to culture rabbit RPE cells and RPE cells pretreated with Nrf2 inhibitor for 24 hours.Immunofluorescence and Western blot were used to detect Nrf2 in the nucleus of the expression of the situation,the data were obtained for statistical analysis.Results The expression of Nrf2 protein in the nucleus of PRE cells was detected by immunofluorescence.Compared with the control group,the expression of Nrf2 protein in the nucleus of RPE cells increased in the experimental group,and the increase of PMA + Nrf2 inhibitor group was lower than that of PMA group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P <0.05).Western blot analysis showed that the Nrf2 protein in the nucleus of PRE was quantitatively analyzed by image analysis.The gray value of the control group was significantly different (0.286 ± 0.013 in the control group,1.304 ± 0.033 in the PMA group and 0.671 ± 0.087 in the PMA + Nrf2 inhibitor group,P < 0.05).Conclusion PKC can activate nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in rabbit RPE cytoplasm,and Nrf2 inhibitor can attenuate the effect of PKC.

6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2016: 4658-4661, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28269313

RESUMO

Slow eye movement (SEM) is reported as a reliable indicator of sleep onset period (SOP) in sleep researches, but its characteristics and functions for detecting driving fatigue have not been fully studied. Through visual observations on ten subjects' experimental data, we found that SEMs tend to occur during eye closure events (ECEs). SEMs accompanied with alpha wave's attenuation during simulated driving was observed in our study. We used box plots to analyze the distribution of durations of different ECEs to measure sleepiness level. Experimental results indicate that the ECEs with SEM have higher duration distribution, representing higher sleepiness level, especially for those accompanied by alpha wave's attenuation. This verifies that SEM can be used as a reliable indicator for recognizing driver's SOP. In light of this and considering the possible accompanying of Electroencephalograph (EEG) wave changes, we propose a new algorithm for detecting SEM, which extracted EEG power related features from occipital O2 signal to add them into features set of horizontal Electro-Oculogram (HEOG) signal. Then, maximum relevance and minimum redundancy (mRMR) method was used for feature selection and support vector machine (SVM) was used to classify the SEM class and non-SEM class. Experimental results demonstrate that using EEG power related features can improve the algorithm's accuracy by an average 1.4%. The feature P(α+θ)/ß was ranked highest by mRMR among all EEG features, indicating the interactive relationship between EEG waves and SEM.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Eletroculografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 694-697,702, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-603022

RESUMO

Objectives To investigate the epidemiology of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the common genotypes in Liaocheng city, Shandong province, China, and to evaluate the application value of high risk HPV detection in cervical cytology with different pathological conditions.Methods A total of 19 707 permanent female residents in Liaocheng were recruited who were married or had sexual life, aged from 18 to 70 years old.They were screened for cervical cancer by thinprep liquid-based cytology test (TCT) from January 2013 to January 2014.The screen positive rate was 4.24 % (837/19 707), and 785 volunteers aged from 21 to 65 years old were recalled.The xMAP bead-based hybridization and flowcytometry analysis were used for genotyping.The data were analyzed by comparison and description.Results According to TCT, among 785 cases, there were 478 cases of atypical squamous epithelium of unknown significance (ASCUS) and atypical glandular epithelium of unknown significance (AGCUS), 175 cases of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LISL), 127 cases of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), 5 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ACC).The positive rate of high-risk HPV was 62.8 % (493/785).The risk age of infection was 26-30 years old (87.7 %, 71/81) and 51-55 years old (79.7 %, 51/64), while a low risk one was found in patients older than 55 years old (28.6 %, 14/54).The top five high-risk subtypes of HPV were HPV16 (21.5 %, 169/785), HPV52 (12.2 %, 96/785), HPV58 (9.8 %, 77/785), HPV33 (9.7 %, 76/785), HPV18 (7.5 %, 59/785).Single infection accounted for 45.0 % (353/785), while multi-infection for 17.8 % (140/785).98 cases were infected by two subtypes, 37 cases by three subtypes, 2 cases by four subtypes, 2 cases by five subtypes and 1 case by six subtypes.Conclusions Compared with pure cervical TCT screening, high-risk HPV infection detection is an effective method for cervical cancer screening, which can improve the specificity of cervical cancer screening and reduce the omission diagnostic rate.In Liaocheng, HPV subtypes 16, 52, 58, 33, 18 and multi-infection are more prevalent.Women belonging to 26-30 or 51-55 years old are identified as high-risk population.Screening is important for this group to discover early cervical lesions.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-489813

RESUMO

Objective To summarize clinical diagnosis and microsurgical treatment method of cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia.Methods Thirty-seven cases of cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia treated by microneurosurgery procedure were analyzed retrospectively.Results Complete resection was achieved in 31 cases,and subtotal was achieved in 6 cases,with no operative mortality.Postoperatively,the symptom of trigeminal neuralgia disappeared in 28 cases,was eased obviously in 6 cases,and was eased in 3 cases.The symptom of dizziness in all 6 cases vanished,and hearing in 3 cases was improved.Three cases appeared cerebrospinal fluid leakage,and 4 cases appeared oral herpes.Symptom in 1 case aggravated after 6 months,and oral medicine was ineffective.The pain symptom disappeared after reoperation.Conclusions The suboccipital retrosigmoid approach microneurosurgery is the principal treatment method for cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia.Microsurgical technique combined with surgical skill is the guarantee for increasing total removal rate of tumors and decreasing complications.

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