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1.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 86, 2024 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between various factors and the clinical outcomes of Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) in both young and aged patients, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for clinical consultations. METHODS: This retrospective analysis examined a total of 4,221 IUI cycles conducted at the Reproductive Center of Changzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital between January 2016 and December 2020. The patients were categorized into two groups based on age: the elder group (≥ 35 years) and the young group (< 35 years). RESULTS: The findings of this study revealed a significant association between woman's age and BMI with pregnancy outcomes (0.93, 95% CI: 0.89-0.97) (1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06). Moreover, in young women, both age and Body Mass Index (BMI)were found to be related to pregnancy outcomes (0.97, 95% CI: 0.89-0.97) (1.08, 95% CI: 1.01-1.06). Additionally, BMI and the number of cycles in aged IUI patients were found to be associated with pregnancy outcomes. The pregnancy rate in the second cycle was approximately 1.9 times higher than that in the first cycle (1.9, 95% CI: 0.97-3.77), and in the third cycle, it was approximately 3 times higher than that in the first cycle (3.04, 95% CI: 1.43-6.42). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, there is an association between woman's age and BMI and the clinical outcomes of IUI. However, the number of cycles did not affect the pregnancy outcomes in young women. Conversely, in elder women, the number of cycles was found to be related to the IUI pregnancy outcomes, with significantly higher pregnancy rates observed in the second and third cycles compared to the first cycle.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Gravidez , Inseminação Artificial , Indução da Ovulação
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330561

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the therapeutic effects of vitamin E combined with recombinant human epidermal growth factor on recurrent oral ulcers as well as on the levels of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-α), to provide evidence to facilitate medical management. Method: From June 2021 to May 2022, 84 patients with recurrent oral ulcers assessed and treated in our hospital were assigned to the control group and observation group with 42 cases in each group. Vitamin E was administered to the control group, while recombinant human epidermal growth factor and vitamin E were administered to the observation group. The clinical efficacy, serum SOD level, inflammatory factor level (IL-10, TNF-α), immune function index, clinical symptom improvement, pain disappearance time, healing time of ulcer surface, and adverse reactions were examined. Results: Clinical efficacy of the observation group (92.86%) was considerably greater than the control group (73.81%), (P < .05). Following treatment, the observation group had comparatively higher levels of serum SOD and significantly decreased TNF-α and IL-10 concentrations compared to the control group (P < .05). Similarly, post-treatment, the observation group had substantially higher CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ concentrations and lower CD8+ concentrations compared to the normal control (P < .05). In contrast to the control group, the observation group's pain degree score, ulcer diameter, duration for pain relief, and ulcer surface healing time duration were reduced substantially (P < .05). Notably, the incidence of adverse reactions was fairly similar in both groups (P > .05). Conclusion: Vitamin E combined with recombinant human epidermal growth factor has a significant clinical effect on recurrent oral ulcers, can achieve rapid improvement of symptoms in patients, and is relatively safe to be used as a clinical therapy.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 914: 169900, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199378

RESUMO

Intercropping is a widely used agricultural system; however, the effect of intercropping between accumulator plants on phytoextraction in heavy metal-contaminated soils remains unknown. Here, a field experiment was conducted to investigate the phytoextraction efficiency and related environmental effects of three Amaranthaceae plants (Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Celosia argentea, and Pfaffia glomerata) using mono- and intercropping models. In monocropping, the total biomass of A. hypochondriacus was only 51.2 % of that of C. argentea. Compared with monocropping, intercropping reduced the fresh weight per plant of A. hypochondriacus by 53.0 % (intercropping with C. argentea) and 40.5 % (intercropping with P. glomerata) but increased the biomass per plant of C. argentea and P. glomerata by 128.2 and 14.2 %, respectively. The Cd uptake of the three plants in the monocropping models showed the following trend: C. argentea > P. glomerata > A. hypochondriacus. Interplanting A. hypochondriacus and C. argentea further increased the phytoextraction efficiency by 361.2 % (compared with A. hypochondriacus monocropping) and 52.0 % (compared with C. argentea monocropping). Soil exchangeable Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, K, and P, soil N-NO3- and N-NH4+, soil common bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi, and soil total organic carbon (TOC) play key roles in Cd and Pb uptake by the three accumulator plants (p < 0.05). The biomass of common bacteria, Gm+, Gm- bacteria, fungi, AM fungi, and actinomycetes increased with the three accumulators planted in the mono- and intercropping models. Compared with C. argentea monocropping, the biomass of soil microbes in the rhizosphere soil was obviously increased in the intercropping A. hypochondriacus and C. argentea models. These results suggest that interplanting A. hypochondriacus and C. argentea can increase Cd removal efficiency from Cd-contaminated soils, and this model could be recommended to remediate Cd-contaminated soils on a field scale.


Assuntos
Amaranthus , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Biodegradação Ambiental , Chumbo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo , Plantas
4.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 17, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive care has been identified as a best-practice approach for improving health outcomes. Hemodialysis patients require culturally sensitive care because it involves totally changing their previous life. The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective experiences of hemodialysis nurses in providing culturally sensitive care to hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out in the hemodialysis center of a teaching hospital in northern Taiwan. Purposive sampling and semi-structured interview guidelines were employed to interview 23 hemodialysis nurses. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and the resulting data were analyzed and summarized using content analysis by constant comparative methods. RESULTS: Hemodialysis nurses exhibited the characteristics for delivering culturally sensitive care, which comprised five aspects: finding the true meaning of the behavior of the participants, recognizing and honoring individual psychological states, culturally sensitive communication in line with patients' values, customizing care content through cultural transformation strategies, and empowerment rather than prohibition. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study on the culturally sensitive care provided by hemodialysis nurses can be utilized by nursing educators and administrators as a reference to develop and enhance the nursing education related to culturally sensitive care for hemodialysis professionals.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(4): 3560-3568, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38214164

RESUMO

The development of electrocatalysts that exhibit stability, high activity, and selectivity for CO2 reduction reactions (CO2RR) remains a significant challenge. Single-atom catalysts (SACs) hold promise in addressing this challenge due to their high atomic utilization efficiency. In this study, we explore the potential of monolayer γ-GeSe doped with transition metals, referred to as TM@γ-GeSe, for facilitating electrocatalytic CO2RR. Among the 26 TM@γ-GeSe SACs systematically designed, we have identified four stable transition metal catalysts (TM = Rh, Pd, Pt, and Au). Mechanistic investigations into the CO2RR pathways reveal exceptional electrocatalytic activity for Rh@γ-GeSe and Pd@γ-GeSe, with limiting potentials of -0.26 and -0.35 V, respectively. Particularly, Pd@γ-GeSe exhibits outstanding product selectivity toward formic acid. The introduction of strain engineering induces modifications in the catalytic activity and selectivity of Rh@γ-GeSe. Notably, a 1% tensile strain promotes formic acid as the preferred product, thereby improving the specific product selectivity of Rh@γ-GeSe. Conversely, compressive strain reduces CO2RR activity while enhancing the hydrogen evolution reaction, leading to a decrease in CO2RR selectivity. Furthermore, we use the work function as a descriptor to elucidate the underlying mechanism of strain tunability. We hope that our theoretical study will offer valuable insights for the design of catalysts based on γ-GeSe for electrocatalytic CO2RR.

6.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(1): 86-91, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of total hip replacement (THA) in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture. METHODS: From October 2019 to June 2022, 15 patients with secondary traumatic arthritis of acetabulum fracture were treated with THA. There were 8 males and 7 females, aged from 40 to 76 years old with an average of (59.20±9.46) years old. Prosthesis loosening, dislocation of hip joint, range of motion of hip joint, nerve injury and other conditions were recorded before and after surgery. Harris score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and imaging were used to evaluate hip joint function and surgical effect. RESULTS: Follow-up time ranged 6 to 39 months with an average of (18.33±9.27) months. All the 15 patients successfully completed the operation, no nerve and blood vessel injury during the operation, postoperative wound healing was stageⅠ, no infection, one case of acetabular side prosthesis loosening at half a year after operation, and recovered well after revision surgery, one case of hip dislocation was cured after open reduction treatment, no adverse consequences. Harris score at the last postoperative follow-up was (88.60±4.01) points, compared with the preoperative (47.20±11.77) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), and VAS at the lateat postoperative follow-up was 1 (1) points, compared with the preoperative 8 (2) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the pain symptoms were relieved or disappeared, and the joint function was satisfactory. The imaging data of the latest follow-up showed joint was well pseudoradiated, no abnormal ossification occurred, and the prosthesis was not loose. CONCLUSION: THA is effective in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture and can effectively improve the quality of life of patients. Preoperative comprehensive evaluation and bone defect evaluation of patients, and intraoperative management of acetabulum, femur, internal fixation and bone defect are key factors for the success of surgery.


Assuntos
Artrite , Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Acetábulo/lesões , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Artrite/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos
7.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 47, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is uncertain how COVID-19 outbreak influences the hepatitis B epidemics. This study aims to evaluate the effects on hepatitis B owing to the COVID-19 outbreak and forecast the hepatitis B epidemiological trend in mainland China to speed up the course of the "End viral hepatitis Strategy". METHODS: We estimated the causal impacts and created a forecast through adopting monthly notifications of hepatitis B each year from 2005 to 2020 in mainland China using the Bayesian structural time series (BSTS) method. RESULTS: The hepatitis B epidemics fluctuates irregularly during the period 2005-2007(APC = 8.7, P = 0.246) and 2015-2020(APC = 1.7, P = 0.290), and there is a downturn (APC=-3.2, 95% CI -5.2 to -1.2, P = 0.006) from 2007 to 2015 in mainland China. The COVID-19 outbreak was found to have a monthly average reduction on the hepatitis B epidemics of 26% (95% CI 18-35%) within the first three months in 2020,17% (95% CI 7.7-26%) within the first six months in 2020, and 10% (95% CI19-22%) all year as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, (probability of causal effect = 96.591%, P = 0.034) and the forecasts showed an upward trend from 2021 to 2025 (annual percentage change = 4.18, 95% CI 4.0 to 4.3, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 has a positive effect on the decline of hepatitis B cases. And the potential of BSTS model to forecast the epidemiological trend of the hepatitis B can be applied in automatic public health policymaking in mainland China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hepatite B , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Teorema de Bayes , Surtos de Doenças , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Previsões
8.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(1): 205-211, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38213256

RESUMO

Stroke is the main cause of disability in the middle and old age. Hemiplegia, especially lower limb paralysis, often leads to the loss of self-care ability and a series of secondary injuries. The main method to improve hemiplegic limb movement is exercise therapy, but there are still many patients with disabilities after rehabilitation treatment. As one of the non-pharmacological therapies for stroke, acupuncture has been recognized to improve motor function in patients. Here, we propose a new method, anterior sciatic nerve acupuncture, which can stimulate both the femoral nerve and the sciatic nerve. We designed this study to determine the effect of this method on lower limb motor function. Sixty participants recruited with hemiplegia after cerebral infarction will be randomly assigned to the test group or control group in a 1:1 ratio. The control group will receive Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture, and the test group will receive anterior sciatic nerve acupuncture on this basis. All participants will get acupuncture treatment once a day, 6 times a week for 2 weeks. The primary outcome is Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Lower Extremity and the secondary outcomes are Modified Ashworth Scale and Modified Barthel Index. Data will be collected before treatment, 1 week after treatment, and 2 weeks after treatment, and then statistical analysis will be performed. This study can preliminarily verify the effect of anterior sciatic nerve acupuncture on improving lower limb motor function in patients with cerebral infarction, which may provide an alternative approach for clinical treatment of hemiplegia.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Hemiplegia/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Risk Anal ; 44(2): 459-476, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37330273

RESUMO

The Northern Sea Route (NSR) makes travel between Europe and Asia shorter and quicker than a southern transit via the Strait of Malacca and Suez Canal. It provides greater access to Arctic resources such as oil and gas. As global warming accelerates, melting Arctic ice caps are likely to increase traffic in the NSR and enhance its commercial viability. Due to the harsh Arctic environment imposing threats to the safety of ship navigation, it is necessary to assess Arctic navigation risk to maintain shipping safety. Currently, most studies are focused on the conventional assessment of the risk, which lacks the validation based on actual data. In this study, actual data about Arctic navigation environment and related expert judgments were used to generate a structured data set. Based on the structured data set, extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) and alternative methods were used to establish models for the assessment of Arctic navigation risk, which were validated using cross-validation. The results show that compared with alternative models, XGBoost models have the best performance in terms of mean absolute errors and root mean squared errors. The XGBoost models can learn and reproduce expert judgments and knowledge for the assessment of Arctic navigation risk. Feature importance (FI) and shapley additive explanations (SHAP) are used to further interpret the relationship between input data and predictions. The application of XGBoost, FI, and SHAP is aimed to improve the safety of Arctic shipping using advanced artificial intelligence techniques. The validated assessment enhances the quality and robustness of assessment.

10.
Biomolecules ; 13(12)2023 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38136571

RESUMO

The plant defense system is immediately triggered by UV-B irradiation, particularly the production of metabolites and enzymes involved in the UV-B response. Although substantial research on UV-B-related molecular responses in Arabidopsis has been conducted, comparatively few studies have examined the precise consequences of direct UV-B treatment on R. chrysanthum. The ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) methodology and TMT quantitative proteomics are used in this study to describe the metabolic response of R. chrysanthum to UV-B radiation and annotate the response mechanism of the primary metabolism and phenolic metabolism of R. chrysanthum. The outcomes demonstrated that following UV-B radiation, the primary metabolites (L-phenylalanine and D-lactose*) underwent considerable changes to varying degrees. This gives a solid theoretical foundation for investigating the use of precursor substances, such as phenylalanine, to aid plants in overcoming abiotic stressors. The external application of ABA produced a considerable increase in the phenolic content and improved the plants' resistance to UV-B damage. Our hypothesis is that externally applied ABA may work in concert with UV-B to facilitate the transformation of primary metabolites into phenolic compounds. This hypothesis offers a framework for investigating how ABA can increase a plant's phenolic content in order to help the plant withstand abiotic stressors. Overall, this study revealed alterations and mechanisms of primary and secondary metabolic strategies in response to UV-B radiation.


Assuntos
Rhododendron , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Raios Ultravioleta , Plantas
11.
Biomedicines ; 11(11)2023 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38001892

RESUMO

The Cav3.2 T-type calcium channel is implicated in various pathological conditions, including cardiac hypertrophy, epilepsy, autism, and chronic pain. Phosphorylation of Cav3.2 by multiple kinases plays a pivotal role in regulating its calcium channel function. The calcium/calmodulin-dependent serine/threonine phosphatase, calcineurin, interacts physically with Cav3.2 and modulates its activity. However, it remains unclear whether calcineurin dephosphorylates Cav3.2, the specific spatial regions on Cav3.2 involved, and the extent of the quantitative impact. In this study, we elucidated the serine/threonine residues on Cav3.2 targeted by calcineurin using quantitative mass spectrometry. We identified six serine residues in the N-terminus, II-III loop, and C-terminus of Cav3.2 that were dephosphorylated by calcineurin. Notably, a higher level of dephosphorylation was observed in the Cav3.2 C-terminus, where calcineurin binds to this channel. Additionally, a previously known CaMKII-phosphorylated site, S1198, was found to be dephosphorylated by calcineurin. Furthermore, we also discovered that a novel CaMKII-phosphorylated site, S2137, underwent dephosphorylation by calcineurin. In CAD cells, a mouse central nervous system cell line, membrane depolarization led to an increase in the phosphorylation of endogenous Cav3.2 at S2137. Mutation of S2137 affected the calcium channel function of Cav3.2. Our findings advance the understanding of Cav3.2 regulation not only through kinase phosphorylation but also via calcineurin phosphatase dephosphorylation.

12.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 50(2): 263-272, 2023 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37677809

RESUMO

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: This meta-analysis evaluated the effects of various types of educational interventions on increasing breast cancer screening uptake among Asian American women. LITERATURE SEARCH: Web of Science, MEDLINE®, PubMed®, and Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials published from 2010 to 2020 of interventions developed to promote mammography uptake among Asian American women. DATA EVALUATION: A random-effects model was used to estimate pooled effect sizes using relative risk measures. A funnel plot was used to assess publication bias. SYNTHESIS: Seven studies were included in this review. Educational interventions identified were primarily culturally sensitive approaches combined with access-enhancing, individually tailored, or group-based approaches. The interventions were effective at increasing the receipt of mammography. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: This review provides insight into the importance of combining other approaches with educational interventions to increase their effectiveness for Asian American women. Future interventions can incorporate various approaches to enhance the ability of Asian American women to overcome barriers to breast cancer screening.


Assuntos
Asiático , Neoplasias da Mama , Promoção da Saúde , Mamografia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico
13.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 43(5): 1034-1039, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37679992

RESUMO

This pilot study is to assess the feasibility and the effect of a combination therapy of rehabilitation treatment and contralateral needling, which is manipulated at the foot of the unaffected side, for the recovery of the paretic hand post-stroke. This prospective pilot clinical trial will recruit 72 stroke patients with paretic hands and a disease course of 14 to 90 d. Patients will be randomized into two groups: the control group will receive conventional Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture and basic treatment for the stroke; based on the control group, the observation group will receive the contralateral needling at the foot of the unaffected side combined with the rehabilitation movement of the paretic hand. 12 sessions will be administrated for 2 weeks. The primary outcome, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, and the secondary outcomes, the handgrip strength, the range of motion, the modified Barthel index, and the Brunnstrom recovery stages, will be measured the recovery of the hand motor function during the 2 weeks' intervention. This study aims to investigate the instant effect of contralateral needling at the foot of the unaffected side combined with the rehabilitation treatment movement for patients with the paretic hand of Poststroke motor dysfunction and provide the previous evidence for the future large sample studies.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Força da Mão , Estudos Prospectivos , , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
14.
SAGE Open Nurs ; 9: 23779608231196845, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37691721

RESUMO

Introduction: Facial paralysis is one of the nervous system manifestations reported about COVID-19. There has been no consensus on the treatment and nursing care of COVID-19 combined with facial paralysis. On May 2022, a COVID-19 case with facial paralysis was reported to make suggestions on nursing care and treatment based on successful experience of curing the case with traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. Case Presentation: A 27-year-old male, was hospitalized because of "low fever for 12 days and difficulty in left side facial muscle movement for 2 days." The diagnosis of facial paralysis and COVID-19 infection (mild type)is definite which is based on the patient's medical history and test results afterwards. Management and Outcomes: Medical staff made a comprehensive plan on COVID-19's basic nursing including nutritional support, vital signs monitoring and psychological evaluation, medication guidance including corticosteroids and traditional Chinese medicine, and specialized nursing procedures of facial paralysis. The symptoms of the patient were significantly improved after treatment with traditional Chinese medicine and low-dose corticosteroids. The COVID-19 nucleic acid test turned negative 12 days after admission, and the facial paralysis recovered 1 month later after discharge. Discussion: Facial paralysis and COVID-19 can coexist. This study finds that COVID-19 (mild type) patients can be treated with traditional Chinese medicine instead of antiviral drugs. This paper puts forward reasonable suggestions that the nursing plan of patients with COVID-19 complicated with specialized diseases should be formulated together with specialist nurses. The nursing plan needs to be implemented on the "General + Specialized" mode.

15.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 308(4): 1369-1378, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37552284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intrauterine adhesion (IUAs) in women is a debatable topic and there is no clear consensus in its management and treatment strategies. Previous treatment measures have limitations which necessitates to consider effective measures for prevention of recurrence of IUAs. Hence, the aim of this study to explore the efficacy and safety of intrauterine infusion of autologous platelet gel (APG) and medical chitosan in preventing recurrence of IUAs in females after transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted among 80 patients presented with moderate to severe IUAs. Patients were randomized into two groups, APG group (n = 40) and medical chitosan group (n = 40). All patients were injected with either APG or medical chitosan after TCRA. RESULTS: The postoperative recurrence rate of adhesions in APG group was significantly lower than those in medical chitosan group (21% vs 49%). The median AFS score during the second-look hysteroscopy was significantly lower in APG group than in medical chitosan group (P = 0.008). The median AFS score reduction after TCRA surgery was significantly higher in APG group than in medical chitosan group (median, 95% CI 7.000, 6.0 to 8.3 vs. 6.000, 5.0 to 7.0, P = 0.004). Subgroup analysis of platelet concentration (1000 as cut-off value) into high- and low-dose subgroups reported no significant correlation existed between APG and baseline characteristics, recurrence rate and postoperative AFS reduction score except for previous intrauterine operation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Thus, after TCRA, intrauterine injections of APG provides better efficacy and safety compared with intrauterine injections of medical chitosan in preventing recurrence of intrauterine adhesions.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Doenças Uterinas , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Uterinas/cirurgia , Histeroscopia/efeitos adversos , Aderências Teciduais/etiologia , Aderências Teciduais/prevenção & controle , Aderências Teciduais/cirurgia
16.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 36(4): 1045-1051, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37599477

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the function and biological mechanisms of tricin in in-vivo damage to the myocardium produced by ischemia-reperfusion in LDLr -/- mice. The hypercholesterolemia animal model employed was male LDLr -/- mice. Coronary artery occlusion in mice resulted in the detection of oxidative stress and inflammatory pathology. In mice with coronary artery blockage, tricin reduced oxidative burden in the cardiac tissue and inflammatory mediators. Additionally, the ST segment of the animals receiving tricin was resumed. Tricine could dramatically lessen myocardial damage, according to pathological examination and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. As a result of the research described above, the protective effects of tricin on myocardial injury have been explored, and the influence of inflammation and oxidative assaults in the ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) model of the heart has been demonstrated.


Assuntos
Miocárdio , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Masculino , Animais , Coração , Reperfusão
17.
Cogn Neurodyn ; 17(4): 975-983, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37522042

RESUMO

Physiological circuits differ across increasing isometric force levels during unilateral contraction. Therefore, we first explored the possibility of predicting the force level based on electroencephalogram (EEG) activity recorded during a single trial of unilateral 5% or 40% of maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MVC) in right-hand grip imagination. Nine healthy subjects were involved in this study. The subjects were required to randomly perform 20 trials for each force level while imagining a right-hand grip. We proposed the use of common spatial patterns (CSPs) and coherence between EEG signals as features in a support vector machine for force level prediction. The results showed that the force levels could be predicted through single-trial EEGs while imagining the grip (mean accuracy = 81.4 ± 13.29%). Additionally, we tested the possibility of online control of a ball game using the above paradigm through unilateral grip imagination at different force levels (i.e., 5% of MVC imagination and 40% of MVC imagination for right-hand movement control). Subjects played the ball games effectively by controlling direction with our novel BCI system (n = 9, mean accuracy = 76.67 ± 9.35%). Data analysis validated the use of our BCI system in the online control of a ball game. This information may provide additional commands for the control of robots by users through combinations with other traditional brain-computer interfaces, e.g., different limb imaginations.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 247: 125812, 2023 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37453632

RESUMO

In this study, cellulose nanofibril (CNF) films from ramie fibers were prepared with different pectin compositions and contents, and the influence of residual pectin on the overall performances of CNF films was evaluated. There was no significant effect of the residual pectin composition on the properties of obtained CNF films. However, when the content of residual pectin was increased from 0.45 % to 9.16 %, the surface area and water absorption of CNF films were increased from 0.2223 to 0.3300 m2/g, and from 93.51 % to 122.42 %, respectively. Pectin covers the CNF surface and act as a physical barrier between the cellulose fibrils; thus the nanocellulose films with high pectin content will have a loose and porous structure, resulting in a high surface area and a high water absorption. Besides, with the residual pectin content decreasing from 9.16 % to 0.45 %, the UVA light transmittance and tensile strength of CNF films were increased from 30.6 % to 59.9 %, and from 37.67 to 100.26 MPa, respectively. After removal of amorphous pectins in CNFs, the low pectin containing CNFs are able to pack more compactly to form a strong and thin film. This paper provides guidance for the preparation of CNF films with different performance requirements.


Assuntos
Boehmeria , Nanofibras , Nanofibras/química , Pectinas , Celulose/química , Água
19.
GM Crops Food ; 14(1): 1-16, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37387261

RESUMO

Unintended effects of gene edit crops may pose safety issues. Omics is a useful tool for researchers to evaluate these unexpected effects. Transcriptome and proteomics analyses were performed for two gene editors, CRISPR-Cas9 and adenine base editor (ABE) gene edit rice, as well as corresponding wild-type plants (Nipponbare). Transcriptome revealed 520 and 566 rice differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Cas9/Nip and ABE/Nip comparisons, respectively. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis showed that most DEGs participated in metabolism of terpenoids and polyketones, plant-pathogen interactions, and plant signal transduction. It mainly belongs to environmental adaptation. Proteomics revealed 298 and 54 rice differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in the Cas9/Nip and ABE/Nip comparisons, respectively. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that most DEPs participated in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolite and metabolic pathways.According to integrated transcriptomes and proteomics analysis, the results showed that no newly generated genes were identified as new transcripts of these differentially expressed genes, and gene edit tools had little effect on rice transcription levels and no new proteins were generated in the gene-edited rice.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Oryza , Humanos , Proteômica , Adenina , Produtos Agrícolas , Interações Ervas-Drogas , Oryza/genética
20.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 43(3): 627-630, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147767

RESUMO

Implantable cervical vagus nerve stimulation (iVNS) is a representative and promising neuromodulation. However, the invasive nature restricts its application. Traditional auricular acupuncture treatment has a long history. The auricular branch of the vagus nerve (ABVN) is a branch on the surface of the ear. Some studies demonstrates that transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) would achieve similar effects as iVNS. TaVNS and iVNS share a common anatomical basis and acting mechanism. In this article, we made a comparison between iVNS and taVNS in indications and efficacy. The recent studies have revealed similar clinical efficacy of taVNS, taVNS would expand the indication of iVNS. High-quality clinical evidences are needed before taVNS become be an alternative of iVNS.


Assuntos
Acupuntura Auricular , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Humanos , Nervo Vago/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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