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1.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 208, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566066

RESUMO

This review presents a comprehensive exploration of the pivotal role played by the Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex, with a particular focus on Nesprin proteins, in cellular mechanics and the pathogenesis of muscular diseases. Distinguishing itself from prior works, the analysis delves deeply into the intricate interplay of the LINC complex, emphasizing its indispensable contribution to maintaining cellular structural integrity, especially in mechanically sensitive tissues such as cardiac and striated muscles. Additionally, the significant association between mutations in Nesprin proteins and the onset of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) and Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy (EDMD) is highlighted, underscoring their pivotal role in disease pathogenesis. Through a comprehensive examination of DCM and EDMD cases, the review elucidates the disruptions in the LINC complex, nuclear morphology alterations, and muscular developmental disorders, thus emphasizing the essential function of an intact LINC complex in preserving muscle physiological functions. Moreover, the review provides novel insights into the implications of Nesprin mutations for cellular dynamics in the pathogenesis of muscular diseases, particularly in maintaining cardiac structural and functional integrity. Furthermore, advanced therapeutic strategies, including rectifying Nesprin gene mutations, controlling Nesprin protein expression, enhancing LINC complex functionality, and augmenting cardiac muscle cell function are proposed. By shedding light on the intricate molecular mechanisms underlying nuclear-cytoskeletal interactions, the review lays the groundwork for future research and therapeutic interventions aimed at addressing genetic muscle disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculares , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss , Humanos , Membrana Nuclear/metabolismo , Membrana Nuclear/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Doenças Musculares/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/metabolismo , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/patologia
2.
Nature ; 628(8007): 306-312, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438067

RESUMO

Perovskite bandgap tuning without quality loss makes perovskites unique among solar absorbers, offering promising avenues for tandem solar cells1,2. However, minimizing the voltage loss when their bandgap is increased to above 1.90 eV for triple-junction tandem use is challenging3-5. Here we present a previously unknown pseudohalide, cyanate (OCN-), with a comparable effective ionic radius (1.97 Å) to bromide (1.95 Å) as a bromide substitute. Electron microscopy and X-ray scattering confirm OCN incorporation into the perovskite lattice. This contributes to notable lattice distortion, ranging from 90.5° to 96.6°, a uniform iodide-bromide distribution and consistent microstrain. Owing to these effects, OCN-based perovskite exhibits enhanced defect formation energy and substantially decreased non-radiative recombination. We achieved an inverted perovskite (1.93 eV) single-junction device with an open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 1.422 V, a VOC × FF (fill factor) product exceeding 80% of the Shockley-Queisser limit and stable performance under maximum power point tracking, culminating in a 27.62% efficiency (27.10% certified efficiency) perovskite-perovskite-silicon triple-junction solar cell with 1 cm2 aperture area.

3.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(2): e1172, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358044

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nuclear receptor subfamily five group A member two (NR5A2) plays a key role in the development of many tumor types, while it is uncertain in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). The aim of this work was to determine the role of NR5A2 in cSCC proliferation, and to determine whether NR5A2 mediates the effect of cisplatin in cSCC. METHODS: We performed a systematic study of existing data and conducted a preliminary bioinformatics analysis of NR5A2 expression in cSCC using bioinformatics databases. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on cSCC tissues of seven patients to study NR5A2 expression. NR5A2 expression was examined in human keratin-forming cells (HaCaT) and human cSCC cells (A431, Colo-16, SCL-1, SCL-2, and HSC-5). Stable A431 and SCL-2 cell lines consisting of sh-RNA-NR5A2 were constructed to detect changes in cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and to determine the key proteins in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. We also investigated changes in the effects of cisplatin on cSCC cells by CCK-8, clone formation assay, and Flow apoptosis assay after NR5A2 knockdown. RESULTS: NR5A2 showed enhanced expression in cSCC tissues than in healthy tissues. Downregulation of NR5A2 in cSCC cells led to the formation of a less malignant phenotype. In contrast, the proliferative capacity of the cSCC cells was enhanced posttreatment with RJW100, an NR5A2 agonist. Additionally, NR5A2 knockdown led to a decrease in the expression level of the proteins in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, and this inhibition was reversed by LiCl and recombinant antibody, Wnt3a. Moreover, NR5A2 knockdown resulted in diminished proliferative capacity and increased apoptotic cells after the addition of cisplatin. CONCLUSION: NR5A2 plays a crucial role in the progression of cSCC, and the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway may be involved in the regulation of NR5A2-mediated cSCC. Knockdown of NR5A2 enhanced both the proliferation inhibiting and apoptosis promoting effects of cisplatin on cSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares
4.
Small ; : e2308024, 2023 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37992243

RESUMO

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) growth of conformal thin SnOx films on perovskite absorbers offers a promising method to improve carrier-selective contacts, enable sputter processing, and prevent humidity ingress toward high-performance tandem perovskite solar cells. However, the interaction between perovskite materials and reactive ALD precursor limits the process parameters of ALD-SnOx film and requires an additional fullerene layer. Here, it demonstrates that reducing the water dose to deposit SnOx can reduce the degradation effect upon the perovskite underlayer while increasing the water dose to promote the oxidization can improve the electrical properties. Accordingly, a SnOx buffer layer with a gradient composition structure is designed, in which the compositionally varying are achieved by gradually increasing the oxygen source during the vapor deposition from the bottom to the top layer. In addition, the gradient SnOx structure with favorable energy funnels significantly enhances carrier extraction, further minimizing its dependence on the fullerene layer. Its broad applicability for different perovskite compositions and various textured morphology is demonstrated. Notably, the design boosts the efficiencies of perovskite/silicon tandem cells (1.0 cm2 ) on industrially textured Czochralski (CZ) silicon to a certified efficiency of 28.0%.

5.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 43(5): 1019-1025, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37679990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of Guilingji capsule (, GLJC) in treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with kidney-marrow deficiency pattern (KMDP) compared with gingko extract tablets. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a large-scale multicenter randomized non-inferiority clinical trial. A total of 120 AD patients with KMDP were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly categorized into two groups: (a) GLJC group ( = 60) and (b) gingko group ( = 60). The GLJC group was treated with GLJC and gingko extract mimetic tablets, whereas the gingko group received gingko extract tablets and mimetic GLJC. The data on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), and Chinese Medicine Symptom Scale (CM-SS) was evaluated at 0, 12, and 24 weeks of treatment. The serum levels of acetylcholine (Ach), acetylcholinesterase (AchE), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the participants were measured before and after 24 weeks of treatment. The safety was based on the incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: Both interventions significantly increased the MMSE scores of the participants and decreased their ADAS-Cog, ADL, and CM-SS scores ( < 0.01). Compared with the gingko group, the GLJC group had a higher effective rate of improvement in the symptoms of "amnesia" and "dull expression and slow thinking" at the 12th week and 24th week ( < 0.05, < 0.01). In the GLJC group, serum Bcl-2 levels were significantly increased at the 24th week ( < 0.05). Serum Bax and AchE levels of the two groups were significantly decreased at the 24th week ( < 0.01). No treatment-related adverse events were reported in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: GLJC is equivalent to the gingko extract tablets in terms of improving cognitive function and the quality of life in AD patients with KMDP and has good clinical efficacy and safety. When it comes to improving TCM symptoms and anti-aging, GLJC is even more advantageous.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase , Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Atividades Cotidianas , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Extratos Vegetais
8.
Adv Mater ; 35(42): e2303139, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37493870

RESUMO

Exploring strategies to control the crystallization and modulate interfacial properties for high-quality perovskite film on industry-relevant textured crystalline silicon solar cells is highly valued in the perovskite/silicon tandem photovoltaics community. The formation of a 2D/3D perovskite heterojunction is widely employed to passivate defects and suppress ion migration in the film surface of perovskite solar cells. However, realizing solution-processed heterostructures at the buried interface faces solvent incompatibilities with the challenge of underlying-layer disruption, and texture incompatibilities with the challenge of uneven coverage. Here, a hybrid two-step deposition method is used to prepare robust 2D perovskites with cross-linkable ligands underneath the 3D perovskite. This structurally coherent interlayer benefits by way of preferred crystal growth of strain-free and uniform upper perovskite, inhibits interfacial defect-induced instability and recombination, and promotes charge-carrier extraction with ideal energy-level alignment. The broad applicability of the bottom-contact heterostructure for different textured substrates with conformal coverage and various precursor solutions with intact properties free of erosion are demonstrated. With this buried interface engineering strategy, the resulting perovskite/silicon tandem cells, based on industrially textured Czochralski (CZ) silicon, achieve a certified efficiency of 28.4% (1.0 cm2 ), while retaining 89% of the initial PCE after over 1000 h operation.

9.
J Food Sci ; 88(8): 3255-3273, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37421355

RESUMO

Due to the uncontrolled fermentation process and unstable quality of naturally fermented leaf mustard, inoculated fermentation is receiving more attention. Here, the physicochemical properties, volatile compounds, and microbial community in leaf mustard under natural fermentation (NF) and inoculated fermentation (IF) were analyzed and compared. The contents of total acid, crude fiber, and nitrite of leaf mustard were measured. Headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and orthogonal projection on latent structure-discriminant analysis were used to analyze the differences of volatile compounds in NF and IF leaf mustard. Moreover, Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology was employed to reveal the composition of microbiota. The results showed that the nitrite content in leaf mustard after IF (3.69 mg/kg) was significantly lower than that after NF (4.43 mg/kg). A total of 31 and 25 kinds of volatile components were identified in IF and NF, respectively. Among the detected compounds, 11 compounds caused the differences between IF and NF leaf mustard. The results of inter-group difference analysis showed that there were significant differences in fungal flora between IF and NF samples. Saccharomycetes, Kazachstania, and Ascomycota were the landmark microorganisms in IF leaf mustard and the landmark microorganisms in NF were Mortierellomycota, Sordariomycetes, and Eurotiomycetes. The abundance of probiotics (such as Lactobacillus) in IF leaf mustard (51.22%) was higher than that in NF (35.20%) and the abundance of harmful molds (such as Mortierella and Aspergillus) was opposite. Therefore, IF leaf mustard showed the potential to reduce the content of nitrite and harmful molds and increase the beneficial volatile compounds and probiotics. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Leaf mustard of inoculated fermentation (IF) showed better fermented characteristics than natural fermentation in terms of lower nitrite content, greater beneficial volatile substances, and better potential for increasing probiotics and reducing harmful molds. These results provided a theoretical basis for IF leaf mustard and contributed to the industrial production of fermented leaf mustard.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Mostardeira , Mostardeira/química , Fermentação , Nitritos/análise , Fungos , Folhas de Planta/química
10.
PLoS One ; 18(6): e0287147, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the most effective fraction of Nanocnide lobata in the treatment of burn and scald injuries and determine its bioactive constituents. METHODS: Chemical identification methods were used to analyze solutions extracted from Nanocnide lobata using petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol using a variety of color reactions. The chemical constituents of the extracts were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC)-mass spectrometry (MS). A total of 60 female mice were randomly divided into the following 6 groups: the petroleum ether extract-treated group; the ethyl acetate extract-treated group; the n-butanol extract-treated group; the model group; the control group; and the positive drug group. The burn/scald model was established using Stevenson's method. At 24 hours after modeling, 0.1 g of the corresponding ointment was evenly applied to the wound in each group. Mice in the model group did not undergo treatment, while those in the control group received 0.1 g of Vaseline. Wound characteristics, including color, secretions, hardness, and swelling, were observed and recorded. Photos were taken and the wound area calculated on the 1st, 5th, 8th, 12th, 15th, 18th and 21st days. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was utilized to observe the wound tissue of mice on the 7th, 14th, and 21st days. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was used to measure the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-10, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1. RESULTS: The chemical constituents of Nanocnide lobata mainly include volatile oils, coumarins, and lactones. UPLC-MS analysis revealed 39 main compounds in the Nanocnide lobata extract. Among them, ferulic acid, kaempferitrin, caffeic acid, and salicylic acid have been confirmed to exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity related to the treatment of burns and scalds. HE staining revealed a gradual decrease in the number of inflammatory cells and healing of the wounds with increasing time after Nanocnide lobata extract administration. Compared with the model group, the petroleum ether extract-treated group showed significant differences in the levels of TNF-α (161.67±4.93, 106.33±3.21, 77.67±4.04 pg/mL) and IL-10 (291.77±4.93, 185.09±9.54, 141.33±1.53 pg/mL) on the 7th, 14th, and 21st days; a significant difference in the content of TGF-ß1 (75.68±3.06 pg/mL) on the 21st day; and a significant difference in the level of VEGF (266.67±4.73, 311.33±10.50 pg/mL) on the 7th and 14th days respectively. CONCLUSION: Petroleum ether Nanocnide lobata extract and the volatile oil compounds of Nanocnide lobata might be effective drugs in the treatment of burn and scald injuries, as they exhibited a protective effect on burns and scalds by reducing the expression of TNF-α, IL-10 and TGF-ß1 and increasing the expression of VEGF. In addition, these compounds may also exert pharmacological effects that promote wound tissue repair, accelerate wound healing, and reduce scar tissue proliferation, inflammation and pain.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Interleucina-10 , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , 1-Butanol , Cromatografia Líquida , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 69(1): 36-43, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37213159

RESUMO

Curcumin (CUR) and soy isoflavones (SIs) are two plant-based polyphenols that have attracted much attention, because of their extensive anticancer and health maintenance effects. However, the relevant molecular mechanisms are still uncertain. Genomic instability (GIN) refers to a combination of gene abnormal amplification, sequence deletion, ectopic, and other types of gene damage in cells, and it is one of the main factors causing cells to lose normal physiological functions. Therefore, we used the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay as the main research method to analyze the effects of CUR and SIs on the GIN of human normal colon cells NCM460 and colon cancer cells SW620. Results show that CUR (12.5 µM) could reduce the apoptosis of NCM460 and maintain its genomic stability while inhibiting the proliferation of SW620 and promoting its apoptosis. There was no difference in the promoting effect of GIN between SW620 and NCM460 using SIs (3.125-50 µM). When the two polyphenols (v/v = 1/1, 1.5625-6.25 µM) were mixed, they could promote the proliferation and GIN of the NCM460 and SW620 cells, but we did not find that combining the two produced a better effect on the cells. In conclusion, CUR has more prominent health and anticancer effects, and it may become a dietary recommendation for daily health maintenance and a potential adjuvant drug for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Curcumina , Isoflavonas , Humanos , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Instabilidade Genômica , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Apoptose , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Isoflavonas/farmacologia
12.
Adv Mater ; 35(6): e2208042, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433769

RESUMO

Colored solar panels, realized by depositing various reflection layers or structures, are emerging as power sources for building with visual aesthetics. However, these panels suffer from reduced photocurrent generation due to the less efficient light harvesting from visible light reflection and degraded power conversion efficiency (PCE). Here, color-patterned silicon heterojunction solar cells are achieved by incorporating luminescent quantum dots (QDs) with high quantum yields as light converters to realize an asthenic appearance with high PCE. It is found that large bandgap (blue) QD layers can convert UV light into visible light, which can notably alleviate the parasitic absorption by the front indium tin oxide and doped amorphous silicon. Additionally, a universal optical path model is proposed to understand the light transmission process, which is suitable for luminescent down-shift devices. In this study, solar cells with a PCE exceeding 23.5% are achieved using the combination of a blue QD layer and a top low refractive index anti-reflection layer. Based on our best knoledge,the obtained PCE is the highest for a color-patterned solar cell. The results suggest an enhanced strategy involving incorporation of luminescent QDs with an optical path design for high-performance photovoltaic panels with visual aesthetics.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1086-1092, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-972952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To study the effect and mechanism of dihydrochromone-spliced polycyclic pyrrole-spiroepoxidole compound 3m on cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS Using human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma A431 and Colo-16 cells as research subjects, CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of 3m (5, 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol/L) on the proliferation of A431 and Colo-16 cells after 24, 48 and 72 hours; the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated at 48 h of treatment. A431 and Colo-16 cells were divided into control group, 3m low-concentration and high- concentration groups (15, 30 μmol/L). After treated with relevant drugs or culture medium for 48 h, the morphological changes of cells in each group were observed by inverted microscope. Clone formation rate, migration rate and number of cell invasions, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis rate were detected. The phosphorylation, or expression of Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway related proteins [JAK2, STAT3, B-cell lymphocyte-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2- associated X protein (Bax)], and their mRNA expression in cells were detected. RESULTS 3m could significantly inhibit the proliferation of A431 and Colo-16 cells after treated for 24, 48, 72 h (P<0.01), and IC50 of them were 20.36, 23.72 μmol/L, respectively. After 48 hours of treatment, compared with control group, A431 and Colo-16 cells arranged sparsely and loosely connected in 3m low-concentration and high-concentration groups. The clone formation rate, migration rate, number of cell invasions, mRNA expressions of JAK2, STAT3 and Bcl-2, the phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3, protein expression of Bcl-2 were significantly decreased/weakened (P<0.01). Proportion of cell cycle in G2 phase, apoptosis rate, protein and mRNA expression of Bax were increased significantly (P<0.01); and all the above effects were in dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS 3m can inhibit the proliferation, clone formation, migration and invasion abilities of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma A431 and Colo-16 cells in a dose-dependent manner, the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting the activity of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, and inducing cell apoptosis.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-995827

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the collaborative innovation development mechanism of hospitals and research institutes, fully integrate the institute personnel with hospitals, and conduct classified management and performance appraisal, promoting the integrated development of hospitals and research institutes.Methods:The idea of personnel classification, the establishment of an integrated research team, and technical team groupings and service directions were determined through key informant interviews, research ability and technical strength surveys, and other research methods; The performance appraisal scheme of research teams were established by using literature analysis and optimization and Delphi expert investigation; The platform team assessment programs were established by qualitative research methods.Results:Built a position setting framework for research institutes, formed hospital-institute integrated research teams around the hospital's clinical advantageous disciplines with researchers and clinical staff, set up platform teams based on existing equipment and technicians′ specialties, established a performance appraisal scheme for research teams based on Science and Technology Evaluation Metrics(STEM), determined a full-dimensional comprehensive performance evaluation scheme for the technology platforms based on service volume and quality.Conclusions:This study formulated a set of position setting and performance evaluation schemes that fit with the current situation of municipal research institutes, and explored a new scientific research cooperation mechanism of resource sharing, team co-construction, and technology sharing, which can provide a certain reference value for the reform of other medical research institutes.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-995320

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the status of T, B and NK lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and low-level viremia after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment and to provide ideas for solving low-level viremia.Methods:This retrospective study involved 344 patients with chronic HBV infection who had been treated with NAs. They were divided into two groups: low-level viremia group (LLV group) and complete virological response group (CVR group). Clinical data including basic information, biochemistry and coagulation test results, HBV DNA, peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, PD1 and CD28 expression by T lymphocytes, and perforin and granzyme B expression by NK lymphocytes were collected and compared between the two groups. Propensity matching analysis was performed to verify the accuracy of the results.Results:Among the 344 cases, 162 were in the LLV group and 182 in the CVR group. There were no significant differences in disease diagnosis, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or albumin (ALB) level between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the differences in gender and age were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratios between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but the expression of PD1 and CD28 by peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes was higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes in the LLV group was higher than that in the CVR group ( P>0.05), and the percentage of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes was also higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of perforin in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P>0.05). The percentage of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of granzyme B in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P<0.05). After propensity score matching, 108 cases in the LLV group and 108 cases in the CVR group showed no significant differences in basic information ( P>0.05); the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocytes and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group, while the percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes was lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the expression of PD1 and CD28 by CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes remained higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes as well as CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); no significant difference in the expression of perforin by CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes was found between the two groups ( P>0.05), and the expression of granzyme B remained lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal number and function of T lymphocytes and decreased function of NK lymphocytes might be related to the development of LLV in patients with chronic HBV infection after treatment. Therefore, in addition to adjusting NAs, targeting of T and NK lymphocytes might also be a feasible measure for future LLV treatment.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-994693

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of hospitalized premenopausal patients with hyperuricemia.Methods:The medical records of premenopausal women with hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ≥360 μmol/L during hospitalization) admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were reviewed and the clinical data were analyzed.Results:A total of 2 099 patients were enrolled. Only 14.01% (294 cases) of the patients were concerned about hyperuricemia by physicians. Autoimmune diseases (32.11%, 674 cases), nephrotic disease (19.29%, 405 cases) and endocrine system diseases (9.72%, 204 cases) are the main reasons for hospitalization, while 6.34%(133 cases) of patients were in gestation. In terms of the etiology, renal diseases (49.35%, 1 035 cases), specific drug use (49.26%, 1 034 cases) were the main causes of secondary hyperuricemia in premenopausal women, followed by metabolic diseases (10.62%, 233 cases). There was no significant difference in serum uric acid level among premenopausal women of different ages ( H=4.47, P=0.107), but the etiology of hyperuricemia among patients of different ages had significant differences. The proportion of hyperuricemia in patients with cancer and metabolic syndrome,secondary to use of diuretics and anti-tuberculosis drugs had differences among different age groups ( χ2=90.96,52.89,19.26 and 6.41, P<0.05). Conclusion:Hyperuricemia is not uncommon in premenopausal women. There are many secondary factors leading to hyperuricemia in premenopausal women, among which drugs and renal lesions are the main causes. In addition, the secondary factors in women with hyperuricemia has differences among different age groups.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 253-257, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-965492

RESUMO

Objective @#To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice on e-cigarette use among college students in Guiyang City, so as to provide insights into tobacco control health education among colleges and universities. Methods College students were sampled from full-time colleges and universities in Guiyang City using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method from March to May in 2022. Students' knowledge, attitude and practice on e-cigarette use were collected using a questionnaire designed based on the 2019 China National Youth Tobacco Survey Questionnaire, and factors affecting the attempt to use e-cigarette were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model. @* Methods@# College students were sampled from full-time colleges and universities in Guiyang City using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method from March to May in 2022. Students' knowledge, attitude and practice on e-cigarette use were collected using a questionnaire designed based on the 2019 China National Youth Tobacco Survey Questionnaire, and factors affecting the attempt to use e-cigarette were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model. @* Results @#Totally 2 800 questionnaires were recovered, including 2 694 valid questionnaires, with an effective recovery rate of 96.21%. The respondents included 687 males (25.50%) and 2 007 females (74.50%). The total score of knowledge on e-cigarette use was (2.95±1.02) points, and there were low proportions of knowing that e-cigarettes contained hazardous substances, including nicotine and tar (59.06%) and knowing that e-cigarette use may cause diseases (53.27%). The total score of attitudes towards e-cigarette use was (5.09±2.36) points, and 93.50% of respondents did not use e-cigarettes given by companions. There were 132 students with attempts to use e-cigarettes (4.90%), and there were 29 current e-cigarette users (1.08%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified age of 20 years and lower (OR=0.438, 95%CI: 0.267-0.719), living in rural areas (OR=0.458, 95%CI: 0.264-0.794), thinking that e-cigarettes are addictive (OR=0.449, 95%CI: 0.217-0.928), and thinking that e-cigarette smoking is harmful (OR=0.263, 95%CI: 0.131-0.527) as factors protecting from e-cigarette use, and monthly living expenses of more than 2 000 Yuan (OR=2.995, 95%CI: 1.135-7.902), cigarette smoking (OR=19.826, 95%CI: 11.385-34.527), and using companions' e-cigarettes (OR=9.141, 95%CI: 5.534-15.101) and thinking that people around me support my use of e-cigarettes (OR=2.673, 95%CI: 1.426-5.013) were risk factors for e-cigarette use among college students. @* Conclusions @#There is a low awareness rate of e-cigarette use among college students in Guiyang City, and the majority oppose e-cigarette use, with a low proportion of attempt to use e-cigarettes. Age, source of students, monthly living expenses, e-cigarette smoking, knowledge on e-cigarette use and use of companions' e-cigarettes may affect the attempt to use e-cigarettes.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 149-155, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964298

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a non-infectious chronic inflammatory skin disease. It′s acknowledged that interleukin (IL)-17 signaling pathway dominantly drives the development of psoriasis. Recently, the role of neuro-immune axis in psoriasis has attracted widespread attention. Lidocaine, a local anesthetic, has ability to block the conduction of nerve impulses, while its therapeutic efficacy on psoriasis remains to be confirmed. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of topical application of compound lidocaine cream (LIDO) on imiquimod (IMQ)-induced mouse psoriasis model. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) scoring was used to evaluate the severity of psoriasis-like symptoms. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to examine histopathological changes and epidermal thickness was measured. Ki67 immunofluorescence staining was used to evaluate the proliferation of keratinocytes. The relative mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines (including Il17, Il22, Il23 and Il36) in skin was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. Results show that IMQ-induced increases in the PASI score, epidermal thickness, number of Ki67+ cells and the mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines are significantly alleviated by topical application of LIDO, whose therapeutic efficacy is also better than that of the positive control drug calcipotriol. Our study suggests that LIDO could be used for psoriasis treatment.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-971522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To study the toxic effects of short-term exposure to gossypol on the testis and kidney in mice and whether these effects are reversible.@*METHODS@#Twenty 7 to 8-week-old male mice were randomized into blank control group, solvent control group, gossypol treatment group and drug withdrawal group. In the former 3 groups, the mice were subjected to daily intragastric administration of 0.3 mL of purified water, 1% sodium carboxymethylcellulose solution, and 30 mg/mL gossypol solution for 14 days, respectively; In the drug withdrawal group, the mice were treated with gossypol solution in the same manner for 14 days followed by treatment with purified water for another 14 days. After the last administration, the mice were euthanized and tissue samples were collected. The testicular tissue was weighed and observed microscopically with HE and PAS staining; the kidney tissue was stained with HE and examined for mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice with gossypol exposure showed reduced testicular seminiferous epithelial cells with rounded seminiferous tubules, enlarged space between the seminiferous tubules, interstitium atrophy of the testis, and incomplete differentiation of the spermatogonia. The gossypol-treated mice also presented with complete, non-elongated spermatids, a large number of cells in the state of round spermatids, and negativity for acrosome PAS reaction; diffuse renal mesangial cell hyperplasia, increased mesangial matrix, and adhesion of the mesangium to the wall of the renal capsule were observed, with significantly shrinkage or even absence of the lumens of the renal capsules and reduced kidney mitochondrial ATPase activity. Compared with the gossypol-treated mice, the mice in the drug withdrawal group showed obvious recovery of morphologies of the testis and the kidney, acrosome PAS reaction and mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shortterm treatment with gossypol can cause reproductive toxicity and nephrotoxicity in mice, but these toxic effects can be reversed after drug withdrawal.


Assuntos
Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Gossipol/toxicidade , Testículo , Túbulos Seminíferos , Espermátides , Espermatogênese , Adenosina Trifosfatases/farmacologia
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 41-47, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970171

RESUMO

Objective: To establish and validate a nomogram model for predicting the risk of microvascular invasion(MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 210 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy at Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery,the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 169 males and 41 females, aged(M(IQR)) 57(12)years(range:30 to 80 years). The patients were divided into model group(the first 170 cases) and validation group(the last 40 cases) according to visit time. Based on the clinical data of the model group,rank-sum test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the independent related factors of MVI. R software was used to establish a nomogram model to predict the preoperative MVI risk of hepatocellular carcinoma,and the validation group data were used for external validation. Results: Based on the modeling group data,the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine that cut-off value of DeRitis ratio,γ-glutamyltransferase(GGT) concentration,the inverse number of activated peripheral blood T cell ratio (-aPBTLR) and the maximum tumor diameter for predicting MVI, which was 0.95((area under curve, AUC)=0.634, 95%CI: 0.549 to 0.719), 38.2 U/L(AUC=0.604, 95%CI: 0.518 to 0.689),-6.05%(AUC=0.660, 95%CI: 0.578 to 0.742),4 cm(AUC=0.618, 95%CI: 0.533 to 0.703), respectively. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that DeRitis≥0.95,GGT concentration ≥38.2 U/L,-aPBTLR>-6.05% and the maximum tumor diameter ≥4 cm were independent related factors for MVI in hepatocellular carcinoma patients(all P<0.05). The nomogram prediction model based on the above four factors established by R software has good prediction efficiency. The C-index was 0.758 and 0.751 in the model group and the validation group,respectively. Decision curve analysis and clinical impact curve showed that the nomogram model had good clinical benefits. Conclusions: DeRitis ratio,serum GGT concentration,-aPBTLR and the maximum tumor diameter are valuable factors for preoperative prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma with MVI. A relatively reliable nomogram prediction model could be established on them.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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