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1.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 863786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492363

RESUMO

Interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal cells influence hair follicles (HFs) during embryonic development and skin regeneration following injury. Exchanging soluble molecules, altering key pathways, and extracellular matrix signal transduction are all part of the interplay between epithelial and mesenchymal cells. In brief, the mesenchyme contains dermal papilla cells, while the hair matrix cells and outer root sheath represent the epithelial cells. This study summarizes typical epithelial-mesenchymal signaling molecules and extracellular components under the control of follicular stem cells, aiming to broaden our current understanding of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction mechanisms in HF regeneration and skin wound healing.

2.
Front Nutr ; 9: 840648, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495929

RESUMO

Scope: Evidence is mounting that astaxanthin (ATX), a xanthophyll carotenoid, used as a nutritional supplement to prevent chronic metabolic diseases. The present study aims to identify the potential function of ATX supplementation in preventing steatohepatitis and hepatic oxidative stress in diet-induced obese mice. Methods and Results: In this study, ATX as dose of 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75% have orally administered to mice along with a high-fat diet (HFD) to investigate the role of ATX in regulating liver lipid metabolism and gut microbiota. The study showed that ATX dose-dependently reduces body weight, lipid droplet formation, hepatic triglycerides and ameliorated hepatic steatosis and oxidative stress. 0.75% ATX altered the levels of 34 lipid metabolites related to hepatic cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism which might be associated with downregulation of lipogenesis-related genes and upregulation of bile acid biosynthesis-related genes. The result also revealed that ATX alleviates HFD-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis by significantly inhibiting the growth of obesity-related Parabacteroides and Desulfovibrio while promoting the growth of Allobaculum and Akkermansia. Conclusion: The study results suggested that dietary ATX may prevent the development of hepatic steatosis and oxidative stress with the risk of metabolic disease by gut-liver axis modulating properties.

3.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 312, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505314

RESUMO

ABSTRAC: OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to preliminarily and exploratorily examine the associations between childhood trauma (CT), its subtypes, and personality traits among unaffected first-degree relatives (FDR, children, or siblings) of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The study sample included three subgroups: MDD patients (N = 85), Patients' FDRs (N = 35), and healthy control individuals (HC, N = 89). The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to assess childhood trauma and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was used to assess personality traits. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in a few personality traits (p < 0.05 for extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism) among MDD patients, FDR, and HC, and there were no significant differences between HC and FDR. In the FDR group, compared with those without CT, participants with CT scored significantly higher for neuroticism (N) (F = 3.246, p = 0.046). CT was significantly associated with N, psychoticism (P) and Lie (L), and the strongest association was between CT total score and N. Significantly positive correlations were found between N and sexual abuse (SA) (r = 0.344, p = 0.043), emotional neglect (EN) (r = 0.394, p = 0.019), physical neglect (PN) (r = 0.393, p = 0.019), and CTQ total score (r = 0.452, p = 0.006); between P and CTQ total score (r = 0.336, p = 0.049); and significant negative correlations were found between L and EN (r = -0.446, p = 0.007), CTQ total score (r = -0.375, p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: In unaffected FDRs, there were significant associations between childhood trauma and a few personality traits, including neuroticism, psychoticism, and lie, and emotional neglect was significantly associated with neuroticism.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Humanos , Personalidade , Transtornos da Personalidade
4.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 158: 110052, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490547

RESUMO

Protein stability is crucial in enzymatic catalysis. To improve the efficiency in the searching for thermostablizing mutations, we applied a sequence consensus approach focusing on dimeric interface residues of ketoreductase ChKRED20. The strategy returned a success rate of 43%, revealing 9 beneficial mutations from 21 candidates with improved kinetic or thermodynamic stability. Several combinatorial mutants were then constructed, and mutant M8K displayed the highest thermostability, with a melting temperature (Tm) of 89 °C and a half-inactivation temperature (T50) of 93.4 °C, both of over 35 °C increase compared to the wild-type. M8K could remain stable for at least 7 days at its optimal reaction temperature of 55 °C. Its inactivation half-life (t1/2) was 110 min at 90 °C, while the wild-type was 18.6 min at 60 °C. The results were interpreted in the context of structural and molecular dynamic simulation analysis, which revealed the addition of intramolecular interactions, decreased conformational flexibility and increased compactness, all in agreement with the observed effect.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 409, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative axial pain (PAP), characterized by pain and/or stiffness around the posterior neck, periscapular areas and/or shoulder region, is a vexing complication affecting 5-60% of patients undergoing posterior cervical decompression. Given its relatively high frequency and negative impact on patients' physical and mental status, efforts preoperatively to confirm patients at risk of developing PAP to offer more efficient pain management to minimize this complication have a high priority. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of preoperative dynamic quantitative sensory testing (QST) in predicting the PAP after posterior cervical decompression. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 122 patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy undergoing laminoplasty or laminectomy. Preoperatively, all patients underwent the assessment of pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) at local and remote pain-free areas and both temporal summation (TS) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) at remote pain free-areas. These patients underwent further pain-related, psychosocial and clinical function assessments before and/or after operation. RESULTS: In the present study, 21 patients (21/122, 17.2%) developed PAP, and the 6-month postoperative follow-up demonstrated that 8 of these 21 patients developed chronic PAP (CPAP). All preoperative covariates with significant differences between the PAP and non-PAP groups were subjected to multivariate logistic regression, and the presence of preoperative axial pain, surgical plan including C2 decompression, total international physical activity questionnaire score (cutoff value [CV]: 2205.5, sensitivity: 82.4%; specificity: 61.1%) and TS value (CV: 2.5, sensitivity: 42.9%; specificity: 83.2%) were independently associated with PAP (P < 0.05). Logistic regression further revealed that the presence of preoperative axial pain, TS value (CV: 2.5, sensitivity: 62.5%; specificity: 83.2%) and CPM value (CV: 0.65, sensitivity: 87.5%; specificity: 61.4%) were significant predictors of CPAP (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study support the hypothesis that preoperative endogenous pain modulation efficiency may be associated with axial pain after posterior cervical decompression. Clinically, preoperative estimation of both TS and CPM in remote pain-free areas may provide additional useful information for identifying patients who may be at risk of developing both PAP and CPAP, which may be beneficial in enabling stratification in the perioperative period of patients based on individual vulnerabilities to avoid/reduce this complication.


Assuntos
Laminoplastia , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Humanos , Laminectomia/efeitos adversos , Laminoplastia/efeitos adversos , Cervicalgia/complicações , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
6.
RSC Adv ; 12(21): 13347-13351, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35520115

RESUMO

Reverse atom transfer radical polymerization (RATRP) was used to synthesize poly(dimethyl itaconate) (PDMI) using an AIBME/CuBr2/dNbpy system. The number average molecular weight (M n) of PDMI was as high as M n = 15 000 g mol-1, the monomer conversion rate reached up to 70%, and the dispersity remained low (D = 1.06-1.38). The first-order kinetics of PDMI are discussed in detail. The AIBME initiator had a higher initiation efficiency than the AIBN initiator. As the ratio of initiator (AIBME) to catalyst (CuBr2) decreased, the M n and D of PDMI decreased. At 60 °C and 80 °C, the M n of PDMI was much higher than the theoretical number average (M n,th), and the D of PDMI broadened with the conversion rate. At 100 °C, the D of PDMI remained low, and the M n of PDMI was closer to the M n,th. As the ratio of monomer (DMI) to initiator (AIBME) increased, the M n of PDMI changed little over time. These phenomena could be explained by the influence of the initiator and catalyst on polymerization kinetics.

7.
Chem Asian J ; : e202200213, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560519

RESUMO

With the ever increasing demand for low-cost and economic sustainable energy storage, Na-ion batteries have received much attention for the application on large-scale energy storage for electric grids because of the worldwide distribution and natural abundance of sodium element, low solvation energy of Na+ ion in the electrolyte and the low cost of Al as current collectors. Starting from a brief comparison with Li-ion batteries, this review summarizes the current understanding of layered oxide cathode/electrolyte interphase in NIBs, and discusses the related degradation mechanisms, such as surface reconstruction and transition metal dissolution. Recent advances in constructing stable cathode electrolyte interface (CEI) on layered oxide cathode are systematically summarized, including surface modification of layered oxide cathode materials and formulation of electrolyte. Urgent challenges are detailed in order to provide insight into the imminent developments of NIBs.

8.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 4615292, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571562

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an ongoing deterioration of renal function that often progresses to end-stage renal disease. In this study, we aimed to screen and identify potential key genes for CKD using the weighted gene coexpression network (WGCNA) analysis tool. Gene expression data related to CKD were screened from GEO database, and expression datasets of GSE66494 and GSE62792 were obtained. After discrete analysis of samples, WGCNA analysis was performed to construct gene coexpression module, and the correlation between the module and disease was calculated. The modules with a significant correlation with the disease were selected for Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. Then, the interaction network of related molecules was constructed, and the high score subnetwork was selected, and the candidate key molecules were identified. A total of 882 DEGs were identified in the screening datasets. A subnetwork containing 6 nodes was found with a high score of 12.08, including CEBPZ, IFI16, LYAR, BRIX1, BMS1, and DDX18. DEGs could significantly differentiate CKD and healthy individuals in principal component analysis. In addition, the MEturquiose, MEred, and MEblue in group were significantly correlated with disease in WGCNA. These 6 hub genes were found to significantly discriminate between CKD and healthy controls in the validation dataset, suggesting that they could use these molecules as candidate markers to distinguish CKD from healthy people. Overall, our study indicated that 6 hub genes may play key roles in the occurrence and development of CKD.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 896660, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572714

RESUMO

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in the diet, accounting for the largest proportion in the diets of humans and monogastric animals. Although recent progress has been made in the study of intestinal carbohydrate digestion in piglets, there is a lack of comprehensive study on the dynamic changes in intestinal carbohydrate digestion with age in the early growth stage of piglets. To fill in this gap of knowledge, we collected samples of the small intestine, pancreatic tissues, and colonic digesta from 42 piglets during newborn [day (d) 0], lactation (d 7, 14), weaning (d 21), and nursery (d 28, 35, and 42) stages. Intestinal and pancreatic tissues and colonic digesta were collected at necropsy and analyzed for morphology, digestive enzyme activities, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), and microbial abundance. Villus height reached a maximum at 1 week (d 7) in the duodenum and jejunum (P <0.01), and a higher ratio of villus height to crypt depth and lactase activity were observed on d 0 and 7 (P < 0.001) compared to other ages. However, the sucrase and maltase activities were increased with piglets' age. Similar activities of sucrase and maltase were found in the small intestine. In addition, amylase, lipase, and protease activities were assayed in the pancreas. The activity of amylase increased with age, while lipase and protease decreased gradually from birth to weaning (d 21, 28) and then increased after weaning (d 35, 42). Compared with d 0, d 42 increased the abundance of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes with a higher concentration of total SCFA (P < 0.001) and decreased the abundance of Proteobacteria, but weaning (d 21, 28) increased the abundance of Proteobacteria in the colon. These results indicate that with the increase in piglet age, the carbohydrate digestive function gradually increased, but weaning hindered the development of intestinal function. These results provide us with new insights into the healthy development of piglets' intestines, which may help us to better regulate the physiological health of piglets in the future.

10.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575174

RESUMO

Water channels are one of the key pillars driving the development of next-generation desalination and water treatment membranes. Over the past two decades, the rise of nanotechnology has brought together an abundance of multifunctional nanochannels that are poised to reinvent separation membranes with performances exceeding those of state-of-the-art polymeric membranes within the water-energy nexus. Today, these water nanochannels can be broadly categorized into biological, biomimetic and synthetic, owing to their different natures, physicochemical properties and methods for membrane nanoarchitectonics. Furthermore, against the backdrop of different separation mechanisms, different types of nanochannel exhibit unique merits and limitations, which determine their usability and suitability for different membrane designs. Herein, this review outlines the progress of a comprehensive amount of nanochannels, which include aquaporins, pillar[5]arenes, I-quartets, different types of nanotubes and their porins, graphene-based materials, metal- and covalent-organic frameworks, porous organic cages, MoS2, and MXenes, offering a comparative glimpse into where their potential lies. First, we map out the background by looking into the evolution of nanochannels over the years, before discussing their latest developments by focusing on the key physicochemical and intrinsic transport properties of these channels from the chemistry standpoint. Next, we put into perspective the fabrication methods that can nanoarchitecture water channels into high-performance nanochannel-enabled membranes, focusing especially on the distinct differences of each type of nanochannel and how they can be leveraged to unlock the as-promised high water transport potential in current mainstream membrane designs. Lastly, we critically evaluate recent findings to provide a holistic qualitative assessment of the nanochannels with respect to the attributes that are most strongly valued in membrane engineering, before discussing upcoming challenges to share our perspectives with researchers for pathing future directions in this coming of age of water channels.

11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(5): 442-7, 2022 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS). METHODS: From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded. RESULTS: There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group. CONCLUSION: Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Assuntos
Lordose , Manipulação Quiroprática , Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Environ Pollut ; 306: 119388, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526645

RESUMO

Metals may affect adversely cardiovascular system, but epidemiological evidence on the associations of priority-controlled metals including antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), cadmium, lead, and thallium with children's blood pressure (BP) was scarce and inconsistent. We conducted two panel studies with 3 surveys across 3 seasons among 144 and 142 children aged 4-12 years in Guangzhou and Weinan, respectively. During each seasonal survey, urine samples were collected for 4 consecutive days and BP was measured on the 4th day. We obtained 786 BP values and urinary metals measurements at least once within 4 days, while 773, 596, 612, and 754 urinary metals measurements were effective on the health examination day (Lag 0), and the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd day preceding BP measurement (Lag 1, lag 2 and lag 3), respectively. We used linear mixed-effect models, generalized estimating equations and multiple informant models to assess the associations of individual metal at each lag day and accumulated lag day (4 days averaged, lag 0-3) with BP and hypertension, and Bayesian Kernel Machine Regression to evaluate the relations of metals mixture at lag 0-3 and BP outcomes. We found Sb was positively and consistently related to systolic BP (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and odds of having hypertension within 4 days, which were the strongest at lag 0 and declined over time. And such relationships at lag 0-3 showed in a dose-response manner. Meanwhile, Sb was the only contributor to the relations of mixture with SBP, MAP, and odds of having hypertension. Also, synergistic interaction between Sb and As was significant. In addition, modification effect of passive smoking status on the association of Sb and SBP was more evident in passive smokers. Accordingly, urinary Sb was consistently and dose-responsively associated with increased BP and hypertension, of which Sb was the major contributor among children.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 433-439, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples. RESULTS: The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Criança , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Propionatos , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Front Physiol ; 13: 848867, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530510

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that hypertension is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality since uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of myocardial infarction, aortic dissection, hemorrhagic stroke, and chronic kidney disease. Impaired vascular homeostasis plays a critical role in the development of hypertension-induced vascular remodeling. Abnormal behaviors of vascular cells are not only a pathological hallmark of hypertensive vascular remodeling, but also an important pathological basis for maintaining reduced vascular compliance in hypertension. Targeting vascular remodeling represents a novel therapeutic approach in hypertension and its cardiovascular complications. Phytochemicals are emerging as candidates with therapeutic effects on numerous pathologies, including hypertension. An increasing number of studies have found that curcumin, a polyphenolic compound derived from dietary spice turmeric, holds a broad spectrum of pharmacological actions, such as antiplatelet, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiangiogenic effects. Curcumin has been shown to prevent or treat vascular remodeling in hypertensive rodents by modulating various signaling pathways. In the present review, we attempt to focus on the current findings and molecular mechanisms of curcumin in the treatment of hypertensive vascular remodeling. In particular, adverse and inconsistent effects of curcumin, as well as some favorable pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics profiles in arterial hypertension will be discussed. Moreover, the recent progress in the preparation of nano-curcumins and their therapeutic potential in hypertension will be briefly recapped. The future research directions and challenges of curcumin in hypertension-related vascular remodeling are also proposed. It is foreseeable that curcumin is likely to be a therapeutic agent for hypertension and vascular remodeling going forwards.

15.
Phytomedicine ; 102: 154053, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ginkgo biloba L. is one of the oldest trees on earth, and its leaves have been used since ages as herbal medicine to treat cerebrovascular disorders. It is worth noting that in addition to the widely concerned flavonoids and terpenoids, it also contains various thus far neglected biflavonoids. In fact, biflavonoids are flavonoids consisting of apigenin or its derivatives as monomeric scaffold, and are linked via C-C or C-O-C bond. PURPOSE: Based on the structural similarity of flavonoids, we hypothesized that biflavonoids may play a potential role in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Here, we describe the effectiveness and underlying mechanisms for prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis (AS) by biflavonoids. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Four main biflavonoids in Ginkgo biloba leaves were screened by oleic acid-induced lipid production in HepG2 cells. The non-covalent effects of biflavonoids on the potential targets of atherosclerosis were screened by reverse targeting and molecular dynamics simulation. The interactions between biflavonoids and potential targets were evaluated by an exogenous cell model, which verified the consistency of the simulation results. CONCLUSION: Among all four biflavonoids, ginkgetin significantly inhibited oleic acid-induced lipid production in HepG2 cells and reduced total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The interaction of ginkgetin with CDK2 through π-alkyl and hydrogen bonds increased the binding of molecules and proteins. Ginkgetin arrested the cells in the G1-S phase, which significantly inhibited abnormal cell growth which closely related to the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Biflavonoids could be a promising natural medicine for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

16.
Food Chem ; 389: 133106, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504080

RESUMO

Various kinds of bioactive compounds contribute to versatile health-promoting properties of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (E. ulmoides). In present study, we developed a UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of fourteen characteristic active compounds, including 3 lignans, 4 iridoids, 3 flavonoids and 4 phenolics in E. ulmoides and its tea product for the first time. The running time of the method is 6.5 min. It has good linearity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, and stability. Using this high-throughput method, the distributions of fourteen characteristic active compounds in E. ulmoides and its tea product were clarified. Also, it was found that E. ulmoides tea exhibited superiority in contents of chlorogenic acid as compared with natural resources. Overall, the study provided a rapid, reliable, and efficient analysis method, which could be applied for the quality evaluation of E. ulmoides natural resources and their relative products in the field of food and medicine.

17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577198

RESUMO

Strawberry is a nutritious food that is susceptible to mechanical injury and microbiological infection. Traditional coatings for strawberry packaging provide resistance against microbial infection but not against mechanical damage. In this study, a soft and elastic cellulose sponge modified with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs@CS-1:1) was prepared as strawberry packaging material, and it provided effective protection against mechanical damage. In addition, after 1000 cyclic compression, AgNPs@CS-1:1 presented only 16.80% unrecoverable deformation and still had elasticity, suggesting its fatigue resistance and durable protection for strawberry against damage caused by repeated vibrations during transportation. In addition, AgNPs@CS-1:1 had good antibacterial (E. coli and S. aureus) and antifungal (Rhizopus stolonifer) abilities. The storage time of strawberries packaged by AgNPs@CS-1:1 was extended to 12 days without microbial invasion. Thus, AgNPs@CS-1:1 provided dual protection at the physical and microbial levels. This study proposes a new method for the preservation of strawberries based on the utilization of cellulose.

18.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 39(1): 595-604, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an ultrasonic radiomics model for predicting the recurrence and differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Convolutional neural network (CNN) ResNet 18 and Pyradiomics were used to analyze gray-scale-ultrasonic images to predict the prognosis and degree of differentiation of HCC. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 513 patients with HCC who underwent preoperative grayscale-ultrasonic imaging, and their clinical characteristics were observed. Patients were randomly divided into training (n = 413) and validation (n = 100) cohorts. CNN ResNet 18 and Pyradiomics were used to analyze ultrasonic images of HCC and peritumoral images to develop a prognostic and differentiation model. Clinical characteristics were integrated into the radiomics model and patients were stratified into high- and low-risk groups. The predictive effect was evaluated using the C-index and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: The model combined with ResNet 18 and clinical characteristics achieved a good predictive ability. The C-indices of early recurrence (ER), late recurrence (LR), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were 0.695 (0.561-0.789), 0.715 (0.623-0.800) and 0.721 (0.647-0.795), respectively, in the validation cohort, which was superior to the clinical model and ultrasonic semantic model. The model could stratify patients into high- and low-risk groups, which showed significant differences (p < 0.001) in ER, LR, and RFS. The area under the curve for predicting the degree of HCC differentiation was 0.855 and 0.709 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSION: We developed and validated a radiomics model to predict HCC recurrence and HCC differentiation, which could also acquire pathological information in a noninvasive manner.KEY RESULTSA hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognostic prediction model was developed and validated by convolutional neural network (CNN) ResNet 18-based gray-scale ultrasound (US).A differentiation of HCC prediction model was developed for preoperative prediction avoiding invasive operation.Compared with Pyradiomics, CNN ResNet was more suitable for extracting information from US images.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
19.
Anal Methods ; 14(16): 1579-1584, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416201

RESUMO

In this study, we report a portable kit consisting of a portable workstation, gold screen-printed electrode (SPE), 0.45 µm filter membrane, phosphate buffer solution (PBS), and acetic acid (1%) for point-of-use (POU) analysis of nicotine in tobacco. The activated-screen-printed electrode (A-SPE) displayed superior electron transmission efficiency, and the A-SPE without modification was employed for high-performance analysis of nicotine in actual tobacco after simple sample pretreatment. Remarkably, the fabricated nicotine sensor exhibited a broad working range of 10-100 µg g-1, a low limit of detection (LOD) of 6.4 µg mL-1, good stability, selectivity, and practicality under the optimal conditions. The method was applied to the determination of nicotine in (spiked) samples. Satisfactory recovery results demonstrated that the as-prepared portable kit method with outstanding electrocatalysis ability was feasible for analysis of nicotine in tobacco. Moreover, the values obtained using the A-SPE were in good agreement with those determined by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID), which confirms the feasibility and validity of the present method. The results of the as-proposed portable kit provided a new strategy for analyzing nicotine in actual tobacco samples.


Assuntos
Nicotina , Produtos do Tabaco , Eletrodos , Limite de Detecção , Nicotina/análise , Tabaco
20.
World Allergy Organ J ; 15(4): 100645, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432712

RESUMO

Background: Food allergy (FA) in infants has become a common disease worldwide. There are many controversies surrounding the relationships among levels of cord blood 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 [25(OH)D3], total immunoglobulin E (IgE), and FA. Methods: In this study, we recruited pregnant women in the third trimester undergoing obstetric examination in Chongqing City, Western China. Healthy full-term singleton births between May to August 2018 and November 2018 to January 2019 were included in the summer-birth and winter-birth cohorts, respectively. Questionnaires on vitamin D status in pregnancy and family allergies were used to investigate the pregnant women. The levels of <12 ng/mL, 12~20 ng/mL, and >20 ng/mL 25(OH)D3 in cord blood detected by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry were considered deficient, insufficient, and sufficient, respectively. The electrochemiluminescence method was used to detect the total lgE levels in cord blood, classified into low-IgE (<0.35 IU/mL) and high-IgE (≥0.35 IU/mL) levels, respectively. Within postnatal 6 months, allergic symptoms in infants were investigated using questionnaire during the infants' monthly physical examinations. Suspected cases of FA underwent a history inquiry, skin prick test, food elimination test, and open-food challenge for diagnosis of FA. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of FA in infants. Results: In this study, we recruited 741 pairs of pregnant women and infants, including 343 infants in the summer-birth cohort and 398 infants in the winter-birth cohort. The incidence of FA within postnatal 6 months was 6.88%, showing significantly higher incidence of FA in the winter-birth cohorts than in the summer-birth cohorts (10.3% vs. 2.9%, χ2 = 15.682, P = 0.000). Among the 741 infants, 47.1%, 27.5%, and 13.8% of infants had deficient, insufficient, and sufficient 25(OH)D3, respectively, in the cord blood; 81.5% and 18.5% of infants had total low-IgE and total high-IgE levels, respectively, in the cord blood. No significant correlation was found between the 25(OH)D3 and IgE levels (r = -0.038, P = 0.300). Logistic regression analysis showed that winter birth [odds ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.292 (2.003~8.359)] compared with infants in summer birth group, and sufficient (>20 ng/mL) 25(OH)D3 levels in cord blood [OR (95% CI): 2.355 (1.129~4.911) compared with infants in the deficient group (<12 ng/mL) and 3.782 (1.680~8.514) compared with infants in the insufficient group (12~20 ng/mL)] were independent risk factors for FA in infants within postnatal 6 months. Conclusions: Winter birth and sufficient 25(OH)D3 levels in infant cord blood were independent risk factors for FA in infants. 25(OH)D3 and total IgE levels in cord blood cannot be used as predictors of FA in early infancy.

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