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1.
Plant Cell ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833610

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is a key event in modulating plant responses to hypoxia and post-hypoxia reoxygenation. However, the molecular mechanism by which hypoxia-associated ROS homeostasis is controlled remains largely unknown. Here, we showed that the calcium-dependent protein kinase CPK16 regulates plant hypoxia tolerance by phosphorylating the plasma membrane-anchored NADPH oxidase RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE HOMOLOG D (RBOHD) to regulate ROS production in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). In response to hypoxia or reoxygenation, CPK16 was activated through phosphorylation of its Ser274 residue. The cpk16 knockout mutant displayed enhanced hypoxia tolerance, whereas CPK16-overexpressing (CPK16-OE) lines showed increased sensitivity to hypoxic stress. In agreement with these observations, hypoxia and reoxygenation both induced ROS accumulation in the rosettes of CPK16-OEs more strongly than in rosettes of the cpk16-1 mutant or the wild type. Moreover, CPK16 interacted with and phosphorylated the N terminus of RBOHD at four serine residues (Ser133, Ser148, Ser163, and Ser347) that were necessary for hypoxia- and reoxygenation-induced ROS accumulation. Furthermore, the hypoxia-tolerant phenotype of cpk16-1 was fully abolished in the cpk16 rbohd double mutant. Thus, we have uncovered a regulatory mechanism by which the CPK16-RBOHD module shapes ROS production during hypoxia and reoxygenation in Arabidopsis.

2.
Phytomedicine ; 131: 155773, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome has recently been revealed as a novel pathological mechanism of coronary heart disease (CHD). The Dan-Lou tablets (DLT) is widely used in the clinical treatment of CHD and prescription characterized by multi-component and multi-target regulation. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of DLT in the treatment of CHD remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of DLT in the treatment of CHD on the priming and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and to investigate the underlying anti-inflammatory mechanisms. METHODS: First, CHD rats model were established by a high-fat diet combined with left anterior coronary artery ligation (LADCA) followed by DLT intervention. The therapeutic effect of DLT was evaluated according to cardiac function, lipid level, and cardiac histopathology. Next, data-independent acquisition (DIA) proteomics was used to identify the key differential proteins of DLT intervention in CHD rats, and bioinformatics analysis was performed. Finally, the differentially expressed proteins in the NOD-like signaling pathway were verified based on bioinformatics results, and the priming and activation steps of the NLRP3 inflammasome were detected. RESULTS: In this study, a high-fat diet combined with LADCA was utilized to generate a CHD model, and DLT alleviated myocardial ischemia injury by inhibiting lipid deposition and inflammatory response. Proteomic studies observed that the RNF31, TXN2, and GBP2 of the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway were verified as the key targets of DLT in inhibiting myocardial injury in CHD rats. Furthermore, DLT in the treatment of CHD rats may function through the downregulation of P2X7R expression, thereby interfering with the priming (TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB) and activation (NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1) of the NLRP3 inflammasome regulated by HSP90, and may then reduce the release of the IL-1ß and IL-18 inflammatory factors to play an anti-myocardial injury effect. CONCLUSION: Our findings elucidate a novel mechanism of DLT and provide some new drug evaluation targets and therapeutic strategies for CHD. This study innovatively proposed that DLT further exerts an anti-myocardial injury effect by inhibiting P2X7R expression, thereby interfering with the priming (TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB) and activation (NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1) of the NLRP3 inflammasome regulated by HSP90, and then downregulates the release of the IL-1ß and IL-18 inflammatory factors.

3.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(6): e588, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868330

RESUMO

To identify the mechanism underlying macrosteatosis (MaS)-related graft failure (GF) in liver transplantation (LT) by multi-omics network analysis. The transcriptome and metabolome were assayed in graft and recipient plasma in discovery (n = 68) and validation (n = 89) cohorts. Differentially expressed molecules were identified by MaS and GF status. Transcriptional regulatory networks were generated to explore the mechanism for MaS-related inferior post-transplant prognosis. The differentially expressed molecules associated with MaS and GF were enriched in ferroptosis and peroxisome-related pathways. Core features of MaS-related GF were presented on decreased transferrin and impaired anti-oxidative capacity dependent upon dysregulation of transcription factors hepatocyte nuclear factor 4A (HNF4A) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1A (HIF1A). Furthermore, miR-362-3p and miR-299-5p inhibited transferrin and HIF1A expression, respectively. Lower M2 macrophages but higher memory CD4 T cells were observed in MaS-related GF cases. These results were validated in clinical specimens and cellular models. Systemic analysis of multi-omics data depicted a panorama of biological pathways deregulated in MaS-related GF. Transcriptional regulatory networks centered on transferrin and anti-oxidant responses were associated with poor MaS graft quality, qualifying as potential targets to improve prognosis of patients after LT.

4.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1283519, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863609

RESUMO

Background: Depression is a primary cause of illness and disability among teenagers, and the incidence of depression and the number of untreated young people have increased in recent years. Effective intervention for those youths could decrease the disease burden and suicide or self-harm risk during preadolescence and adolescence. Objective: To verify the short efficacy of the systemic couple group therapy (SCGT) on youths' depression changes and families with depressed adolescents. Methods: The study was a self-control trial; only within-group changes were evaluated. Participants were couples with a depressed child who was resistant to psychotherapy; they were recruited non-randomly through convenient sampling. The paired-sample t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare differences before and after interventions. The effect sizes were also estimated using Cohen's d. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to examine associations between changes. Results: A downward trend was seen in depressive symptoms after treatment, and Cohen's d was 0.33 (p = 0.258). The adolescents perceived fewer interparental conflicts, and the effect sizes were medium for perceived conflict frequency (0.66, p = 0.043), conflict intensity (0.73, p = 0.028), conflict solutions (0.75, p = 0.025), coping efficacy (0.68, p = 0.038), and perceived threat (0.57, p = 0.072). For parents, global communication quality, constructive communication patterns, and subjective marital satisfaction significantly improved after interventions, with large effect sizes (1.11, 0.85, and 1.03, respectively; all p < 0.001). Other destructive communication patterns such as demand/withdraw (p = 0.003) and mutual avoidance (p = 0.018) and communication strategies like verbal aggression (p = 0.012), stonewalling (p = 0.002), avoidance-capitulation (p = 0.036), and child involvement (p = 0.001) also reduced, with medium effect sizes (0.69, 0.52, 0.55, 0.71, 0.46, and 0.79, respectively). Meanwhile, the associations between depression changes and changes in interparental conflicts (p < 0.001) and marital satisfaction (p = 0.001) were significant. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The SCGT offers the possibility for the treatment of families with depressed children who are unwilling to seek treatment. Helping parents improve communication and marital quality may have benefits on children's depressive symptoms.

5.
Brain Res ; : 149069, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852658

RESUMO

Etomidate (ETO), a hypnotic agent used for anesthesia induction, has been shown to induce long-lasting cognitive deficits. In the present study, we investigated whether ETO could activate the HIF1A/PGK1 pathway to antagonize oxidative damage in mice with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). A mouse model of ETO-mediated POCD was established, and pathological changes, apoptosis, and inflammatory factors in mouse hippocampal tissues were analyzed by HE staining, TUNEL assay, and ELISA. ETO was revealed to cause cognitive dysfunction in mice. Integrated database mining was conducted to screen out transcription factors that are both related to ETO and POCD. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF1A) was overexpressed in mice with POCD, and downregulation of HIF1A alleviated cognitive dysfunction in mice. HIF1A downregulation inhibited the transcription of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1). Overexpression of PGK1 abated the alleviating effects of HIF1A knockdown on oxidative stress in mice with POCD. In addition, HIF1A activation of PGK1 induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in HT-22 cells while inhibiting cell viability. Taken together, we demonstrated that HIF1A activation of PGK1 induced oxidative stress in ETO-mediated POCD.

6.
Neurochem Res ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834846

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation and endothelial cell apoptosis are prominent features of blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, which have been described in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and can predict cognitive decline. Recent reports revealed vascular ß-amyloid (Aß) deposits, Muller cell degeneration and microglial dysfunction in the retina of AD patients. However, there has been no in-depth research on the roles of inflammation, retinal endothelial cell apoptosis, and blood-retinal barrier (BRB) damage in AD retinopathy. We found that Raddeanin A (RDA) could improve pathological and cognitive deficits in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by targeting ß-amyloidosis, However, the effects of RDA on AD retinal function require further study. To clarify whether RDA inhibits inflammation and apoptosis and thus improves BRB function in AD-related retinopathy. In vitro we used Aß-treated HRECs and MIO-M1 cells, and in vivo we used 3×Tg-AD mice to investigate the effect of RDA on BRB in AD-related retinopathy. We found that RDA could improve BRB function in AD-related retinopathy by inhibiting NLRP3-mediated inflammation and suppressing Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-mediated apoptosis, which is expected to improve the pathological changes in AD-related retinopathy and the quality of life of AD patients.

7.
Pain Ther ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834881

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a complication of herpes zoster, significantly impacts the quality of life of affected patients. Research indicates that early intervention for pain can reduce the occurrence or severity of PHN. This study aims to develop a predictive model and scoring table to identify patients at risk of developing PHN following acute herpetic neuralgia, facilitating informed clinical decision-making. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 524 hospitalized patients with herpes zoster at The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from December 2020 to December 2023 and classified them according to whether they had PHN, collecting a comprehensive set of 30 patient characteristics and disease-related indicators, 5 comorbidity indicators, 2 disease score values, and 10 serological indicators. Relevant features associated with PHN were identified using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO). Then, the patients were divided into a training set and a test set in a 4:1 ratio, with comparability tested using univariate analysis. Six models were established in the training set using machine learning methods: support vector machines, logistic regression, random forest, k-nearest neighbor, gradient boosting, and neural network. The performance of these models was evaluated in the test set, and a nomogram based on logistic regression was used to create a PHN prediction score table. RESULTS: Eight non-zero characteristic variables selected from the LASSO regression results were included in the model, including age [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.812, p < 0.001], Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) (AUC = 0.792, p < 0.001), receiving treatment time (AUC = 0.612, p < 0.001), rash recovery time (AUC = 0.680, p < 0.001), history of malignant tumor (AUC = 0.539, p < 0.001), history of diabetes (AUC = 0.638, p < 0.001), varicella-zoster virus immunoglobulin M (AUC = 0.620, p < 0.001), and serum nerve-specific enolase (AUC = 0.659, p < 0,001). The gradient boosting model outperformed other classifier models on the test set with an AUC of 0.931, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.882-0.980), accuracy of 0.886 (95% CI 0.809-0.940). In the test set, our predictive scoring table achieved an AUC of 0.820 (95% CI 0.869-0.970) with accuracy of 0.790 (95% CI 0.700-0.864). CONCLUSION: This study presents a methodology for predicting the development of postherpetic neuralgia in shingles patients by analyzing historical case data, employing various machine learning techniques, and selecting the optimal model through comparative analysis. In addition, a logistic regression model has been used to create a scoring table for predicting the postherpetic neuralgia.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 2): 132272, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734334

RESUMO

Shanxi aged vinegar microbiome encodes a wide variety of bacteriocins. The aim of this study was to mine, screen and characterize novel broad-spectrum bacteriocins from the large-scale microbiome data of Shanxi aged vinegar through machine learning, molecular simulation and activity validation. A total of 158 potential bacteriocins were innovatively mined from 117,552 representative genes based on metatranscriptomic information from the Shanxi aged vinegar microbiome using machine learning techniques and 12 microorganisms were identified to secrete bacteriocins at the genus level. Subsequently, employing AlphaFold2 structure prediction and molecular dynamics simulations, eight bacteriocins with high stability were further screened, and all of them were confirmed to have bacteriostatic activity by the Escherichia coli BL21 expression system. Then, gene_386319 (named LAB-3) and gene_403047 (named LAB-4) with the strongest antibacterial activities were purified by two-step methods and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The two bacteriocins have broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity with minimum inhibitory concentration values of 6.79 µg/mL-15.31 µg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Furthermore, molecular docking analysis indicated that LAB-3 and LAB-4 could interact with dihydrofolate reductase through hydrogen bonds, salt-bridge forces and hydrophobic forces. These findings suggested that the two bacteriocins could be considered as promising broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Antibacterianos , Bacteriocinas , Aprendizado de Máquina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Acético/química , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Ácido Acético/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/química , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Microbiota , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
9.
Neurobiol Aging ; 140: 12-21, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701647

RESUMO

The aging population suffers from memory impairments. Slow-wave activity (SWA) is composed of slow (0.5-1 Hz) and delta (1-4 Hz) oscillations, which play important roles in long-term memory and working memory function respectively. SWA disruptions might lead to memory disturbances often experienced by older adults. We conducted behavioral tests in young and older C57BL/6 J mice. SWA was monitored using wide-field imaging with voltage sensors. Cell-specific calcium imaging was used to monitor the activity of excitatory and inhibitory neurons in these mice. Older mice exhibited impairments in working memory but not memory consolidation. Voltage-sensor imaging revealed aberrant synchronization of neuronal activity in older mice. Notably, we found older mice exhibited no significant alterations in slow oscillations, whereas there was a significant increase in delta power compared to young mice. Calcium imaging revealed hypoactivity in inhibitory neurons of older mice. Combined, these results suggest that neural activity disruptions might correlate with aberrant memory performance in older mice.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transtornos da Memória , Memória de Curto Prazo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Animais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Transtornos da Memória/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Transtornos da Memória/psicologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Masculino , Cálcio/metabolismo
10.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 34(7): 1581-1589, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Accumulating evidence suggests a potential link between thyroid function with hypertension. However, the research results are limited, and there is no research to explore the relationship between central and peripheral thyroid hormones (THs) sensitivity and different grades of hypertension in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This study aims to prove the complex interaction between thyroid system and blood pressure, and provides new ideas for the assessment of hypertension in patients with CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Calculate parameters representing central and peripheral sensitivity to THs. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between central and peripheral THs sensitivity of CHD patients and different grades of hypertension, especially in different ages, sexes, blood glucose levels, smoking, and drinking statuses. Among the 34,310 participants, 19,610 (57.16 %) were diagnosed with hypertension. The risk of hypertension and TSHI (OR: 0.88; 95 % CI: 0.87-0.90; P < 0.001), TT4RI (OR: 0.998; 95 % CI: 0.998-0.999; P < 0.001), TFQI (OR: 0.63; 95 % CI: 0.60-0.67; P < 0.001), PTFQI (OR: 0.63; 95 % CI: 0.59-0.67; P < 0.001) was negatively associated. The risk of hypertension was positively associated with FT3/FT4 (OR: 1.20; 95 % CI: 1.17-1.22; P < 0.001). After stratified analysis, these associations remained significant at different ages, sexes, blood glucose levels, grades of hypertension, smoking, and drinking statuses (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the decrease in central THs sensitivity index and the increase in peripheral THs sensitivity index are associated with a higher risk of hypertension in CHD patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Pressão Sanguínea , Hipertensão , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Biomarcadores/sangue , Medição de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Tireotropina/sangue
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 931: 172904, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703845

RESUMO

Enhanced nitrogen (N) input is expected to influence the soil phosphorus (P) cycling through biotic and abiotic factors. Among these factors, soil microorganisms play a vital role in regulating soil P availability. However, the divergent contribution of functional microorganisms to soil P availability in the rhizosphere and bulk soil under N addition remains unclear. We conducted an N addition experiment with four N input rates (0, 5, 10, and 15 g N m-2 year-1) in an alpine meadow over three years. Metagenomics was employed to investigate the functional microbial traits in the rhizosphere and bulk soil. We showed that N addition had positive effects on microbial functional traits related to P-cycling in the bulk and rhizosphere soil. Specifically, high N addition significantly increased the abundance of most microbial genes in the bulk soil but only enhanced the abundance of five genes in the rhizosphere soil. The soil compartment, rather than the N addition treatment, was the dominant factor explaining the changes in the diversity and network of functional microorganisms. Furthermore, the abundance of functional microbial genes had a profound effect on soil available P, particularly in bulk soil P availability driven by the ppa and ppx genes, as well as rhizosphere soil P availability driven by the ugpE gene. Our results highlight that N addition stimulates the microbial potential for soil P mobilization in alpine meadows. Distinct microbial genes play vital roles in soil P availability in bulk and rhizosphere soil respectively. This indicates the necessity for models to further our knowledge of P mobilization processes from the bulk soil to the rhizosphere soil, allowing for more precise predictions of the effects of N enrichment on soil P cycling.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Fósforo/análise , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo/química , Microbiota
12.
Fitoterapia ; 176: 106005, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744383

RESUMO

Mogrol, the aglycone of well-known sweeter mogrosides, shows potent anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, forty-two mogrol derivatives bearing various pharmacophores with oxygen or nitrogen atoms were designed and synthesized via structural modification at C24 site, and their anti-inflammatory activity were screened against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compared with mogrol, most of derivatives exhibited stronger inhibition of NO production without cytotoxicity. In particular, compound B5 that contained an indole motif effectively suppressed the secretion of inflammatory mediators including TNF-α and IL-6, and inhibited the expression levels of TLR4, p-p65 and iNOS proteins. Molecular docking showed that the active B5 interacted with amino acid residues of iNOS protein through π-π stacking and hydrophobic interactions with binding affinity value of -12.1 kcal/mol, which was much stronger than mogrol (-8.9 kcal/mol). These results suggest that derivative B5 is a promising anti-inflammatory molecule and the strategy of hybridizing indole skeleton on mogrol is worthy for further attention.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Camundongos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Estrutura Molecular , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/química
13.
J Proteome Res ; 23(6): 2160-2168, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767394

RESUMO

Resistance is a major problem with effective cancer treatment and the stroma forms a significant portion of the tumor mass but traditional drug screens involve cancer cells alone. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are a major tumor stroma component and its secreted proteins may influence the function of cancer cells. The majority of secretome studies compare different cancer or CAF cell lines exclusively. Here, we present the direct characterization of the secreted protein profiles between CAFs and KRAS mutant-cancer cell lines from colorectal, lung, and pancreatic tissues using multiplexed mass spectrometry. 2573 secreted proteins were annotated, and differential analysis highlighted understudied CAF-enriched secreted proteins, including Wnt family member 5B (WNT5B), in addition to established CAF markers, such as collagens. The functional role of CAF secreted proteins was explored by assessing its effect on the response to 97 anticancer drugs since stromal cells may cause a differing cancer drug response, which may be missed on routine drug screening using cancer cells alone. CAF secreted proteins caused specific effects on each of the cancer cell lines, which highlights the complexity and challenges in cancer treatment and so the importance to consider stromal elements.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Secretoma , Humanos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Secretoma/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Espectrometria de Massas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Proteômica/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1400741, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38813379

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between plaque psoriasis and both MASLD and lean MASLD has not been sufficiently explored in the current literature. Method: This retrospective and observational study was carried out from January 2021 to January 2023 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University. Patients diagnosed with plaque psoriasis and a control group consisting of individuals undergoing routine physical examinations were enrolled. The incidence of MASLD and lean MASLD among these groups was compared. Additionally, patients with plaque psoriasis were divided into those with MASLD, those with lean MASLD, and a control group with only psoriasis for a serological comparative analysis. Results: The incidence of MASLD in the observation group and the control group was 43.67% (69/158) and 22.15% (35/158), respectively (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the incidence of lean MASLD within the observation group and the control group was 10.76% (17/158) and 4.43% (7/158), respectively (p < 0.01). After controlling for potential confounding variables, plaque psoriasis was identified as an independent risk factor for MASLD with an odds ratio of 1.88 (95% cl: 1.10-3.21). In terms of serological comparison, compared to the simple psoriasis group, we observed a significant elevation in the tumor marker CYFRA21-1 levels in both groups compared to the control group with simple psoriasis (p < 0.01). Moreover, the MASLD group exhibited elevated levels of inflammatory markers and psoriasis score, whereas these effects were mitigated in the lean MASLD group. Conclusion: The prevalence of MASLD and lean MASLD is higher among patients with psoriasis. Those suffering from psoriasis along with MASLD show increased psoriasis scores and inflammatory markers compared to those without metabolic disorders. MASLD likely worsens psoriasis conditions, indicating the necessity of targeted health education for affected individuals to reduce the risk of MASLD, this education should include guidelines on exercise and diet. In serological assessments, elevated levels of cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) were noted in both MASLD and lean MASLD groups, implying a potential synergistic role between psoriasis and MASLD.

16.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 63(4): 103942, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38815499

RESUMO

Blood transfusion in critically ill individuals such as sepsis was associated with higher morbidity and mortality. During storage, various bioactive substances accumulated, may exacerbate the initial immunosuppressive reaction in severely ill patients. The objective of this study is to explore how resin adsorption impacts the accumulation of cytokines and the presence of extracellular microvesicles (EVs) in whole blood. Through comparative analysis and screening, amberchrom CG 300 C was chosen to assess the adsorption efficiency and evaluate the quality of whole blood after adsorption. Subsequently, the supernatants from both the unadsorpted (UA) and adsorpted (A) groups were co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to assess their effects on cellular growth and cytokine concentrations. The findings of our study revealed that resin adsorption effectively eradicated most bioactive components in conserved blood, including IL-8, TGF-ß, sCD40L, sFasL, without affecting the quality of the blood. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed a reduction in extracellular microvesicles following adsorption. Compared to UA, A 's supernatant markedly enhanced PBMC growth (p < 0.01). Additionally, the A's supernatant markedly diminished the emission of pro-inflammatory cytokines, like IL-6. The research revealed that adsorbing resin effectively reduced bioactive substances from preserved whole blood, and did not impact red blood cell quality, proving to be a reliable method for extracting bioactive substances from storage blood. The results could pave the way for creating innovative blood bags and hold clinical significance in lowering the frequency of TRIM among patients who have undergone transfusions.

17.
PhytoKeys ; 242: 21-29, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764935

RESUMO

Oreocharisleveilleana Fedde was collected in Ta-pin in 1910 and published in 1911. The collected location was verified within western Luodian County, Guizhou Province, China. However, there have been no records of the species' collection for more than 100 years since then. After extensive investigations by our research team on the type locality and its surrounding areas, we found that it is widely distributed in western Luodian County and eastern Wangmo County, Guizhou Province, China. During further research on the original literature, type specimens and type locality of O.leveilleana, the taxonomic position of O.leveilleana, which was once treated as a synonym of O.auricula (S.Moore) C.B.Clarke, was found to have a taxonomic problem. Through morphological research combined with geographical distribution analysis, it has been determined that it should belong to the genus Petrocodon Hance and it is the same species as P.coccineus (C.Y.Wu ex H.W.Li) Yin Z.Wang. According to the regulations and suggestions of the 2018 "International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Shenzhen Code)", we propose and confirm a new combination - Petrocodonleveilleanus (Fedde) X.X.Bai & F.Wen and treat P.coccineus as a synonym of the new combination. Due to its unique bright red flowers within Petrocodon, its original Chinese name has been retained.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802569

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), an immunological disorder that arises from donor T cell activation through recognition of host alloantigens, is the major limitation in the application of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Traditional immunosuppressive agents can relieve GVHD, but they induce serious side effects. It is highly required to explore alternative therapeutic strategy. Human amniotic epithelial stem cells (hAESCs) were recently considered as an ideal source for cell therapy with special immune regulatory property. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic role of hAESCs in the treatment of GVHD, based on our previous developed cGMP-grade hAESCs product. Humanized mouse model of acute GVHD (aGVHD) was established by injection of huPBMCs via the tail vein. For prevention or treatment of aGVHD, hAESCs were injected to the mice on day -1 or on day 7 post-PBMC infusion, respectively. We showed that hAESCs infusion significantly alleviated the disease phenotype, increased the survival rate of aGVHD mice, and ameliorated pathological injuries in aGVHD target organs. We demonstrated that hAESCs directly induced CD4+ T cell polarization, in which Th1 and Th17 subsets were downregulated, and Treg subset was elevated. Correspondingly, the levels of a series of pro-inflammatory cytokines were reduced while the levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokines were upregulated in the presence of hAESCs. We found that hAESCs regulated CD4+ subset polarization in a paracrine mode, in which TGFß and PGE2 were selectively secreted to mediate Treg elevation and Th1/Th17 inhibition, respectively. In addition, transplanted hAESCs preserved the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect by inhibiting leukemia cell growth. More intriguingly, hAESCs infusion in HSCT patients displayed potential anti-GVHD effect with no safety concerns and confirmed the immunoregulatory mechanisms in the preclinical study. We conclude that hAESCs infusion is a promising therapeutic strategy for post-HSCT GVHD without compromising the GVL effect. The clinical trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT03764228.

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(19): 12907-12912, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691420

RESUMO

In this study, we demonstrate that an aromatic oligoamide sequence assembles into a trimeric helix-turn-helix architecture with a disulfide linkage, and upon cleavage of this linkage, it reconstructs into an antiparallel double helix. The antiparallel double helix is accessible to encapsulate a diacid guest within its cavity, forming a 2:1 host-guest complex. In contrast, hydrogen-bonding interactions between the trimeric-assembled structure and guests induce a conformational shift in the trimeric helix, resulting in a cross-shaped double-helix complex at a 2:2 host-guest ratio. Interconversions between the trimeric helix and the antiparallel double helix, along with their respective host-guest complexes, can be initiated through thiol/disulfide redox-mediated regulation.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was the first to evaluate the effect of CYP3A5*3 gene polymorphisms on plasma concentration of perampanel (PER) in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We enrolled 98 patients for this investigation. Plasma PER concentrations were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Leftover samples from standard therapeutic drug monitoring were allocated for genotyping analysis. The primary measure of efficacy was the rate of seizure reduction with PER treatment at the final checkup. RESULTS: The plasma concentration showed a linear correlation with the daily dose taken ( r  = 0.17; P  < 0.05). The ineffective group showed a significantly lower plasma concentration of PER (490.5 ±â€…297.1 vs. 633.8 ±â€…305.5 µg/ml; P  = 0.019). For the mean concentration-to-dose (C/D) ratio, the ineffective group showed a significantly lower C/D ratio of PER (3.2 ±â€…1.7 vs. 3.8 ±â€…2.0; P  = 0.040). The CYP3A5*3 CC genotype exhibited the highest average plasma concentration of PER at 562.8 ±â€…293.9 ng/ml, in contrast to the CT and TT genotypes at 421.1 ±â€…165.6 ng/ml and 260.0 ±â€…36.1 ng/ml. The mean plasma PER concentration was significantly higher in the adverse events group (540.8 ±â€…285.6 vs. 433.0 ±â€…227.2 ng/ml; P  = 0.042). CONCLUSION: The CYP3A5*3 gene's genetic polymorphisms influence plasma concentrations of PER in Chinese pediatric patients with epilepsy. Given that both efficacy and potential toxicity are closely tied to plasma PER levels, the CYP3A5*3 genetic genotype should be factored in when prescribing PER to patients with epilepsy.

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