Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 937
Filtrar
1.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808801

RESUMO

LNCaP athymic xenograft model has been widely used to allow researchers to examine the effects and mechanisms of experimental treatments such as diet and diet-derived cancer preventive and therapeutic compounds on prostate cancer. However, the biological characteristics of human LNCaP cells before/after implanting in athymic mouse and its relevance to clinical human prostate outcomes remain unclear and may dictate interpretation of biological efficacies/mechanisms of diet/diet-derived experimental treatments. In this study, transcriptome profiles and pathways of human prostate LNCaP cells before (in vitro) and after (in vivo) implanting into xenograft mouse were compared using RNA-sequencing technology (RNA-seq) followed by bioinformatic analysis. A shift from androgen-responsive to androgen nonresponsive status was observed when comparing LNCaP xenograft tumor to culture cells. Androgen receptor and aryl-hydrocarbon pathway were found to be inhibited and interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediated pathways contributed to these changes. Coupled with in vitro experiments modeling for androgen exposure, cell-matrix interaction, inflammation, and hypoxia, we identified specific mechanisms that may contribute to the observed changes in genes and pathways. Our results provide critical baseline transcriptomic information for a tumor xenograft model and the tumor environments that might be associated with regulating the progression of the xenograft tumor, which may influence interpretation of diet/diet-derived experimental treatments.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822578

RESUMO

FeOOH on the real catalytic interface for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is chemically unstable to dissolve in alkaline media. Herein, based on the perspective of the dynamically stable interface, we purposely design the well-dispersed nanorod arrays of CoMoO4 as a host on activated iron foam (IF) to realize the optimal redeposition of FeOOH, constructing a self-sacrificial template rich in the FeOOH surface. Notably, at long-time oxidation potential, the precatalyst FeOOH-CoMoO4 can realize MoO42- dissolution and redeposition of Co oxyhydroxides on FeOOH host simultaneously, constructing a dynamically stable Fe(Co)OOH interface. The introduction of CoOOH improves conductivity and provides synergistic effect with FeOOH to lower the energy barrier for OER and maintain long-time stability, eventually exhibiting a low overpotential of 298 mV to reach the current density of 100 mA cm-2 and high stability over 60 h. This work demonstrates the feasibility of manipulating metal dissolution-redeposition process for a dynamically stable interface.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Define the impact of socio-demographic co-variates on outcomes of persons with newly-diagnosed chronic phase chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). METHODS: Data of 961 consecutive subjects with newly-diagnosed CML were integrated for these outcomes in multi-variable Cox regression analyses after adjusting for confounders and interactions. RESULTS: Elder age was associated with less use of a 2nd generation TKI as initial therapy. Household registration, comorbidity(ies) and education level were associated with use of a generic rather than branded TKI as initial therapy. Subjects with lower education level were more likely to be diagnosed with CML because of leukaemia-related symptoms. Rural registration and lower education level were also associated with a greater likelihood of switching TKI-therapy. Lower education level was associated with lower likelihood of achieving MMR [HR = 0.8 (0.7, 0.9), p = 0.002], MR4.5 [HR = 0.8 (0.7, 1.0), p = 0.055], and poor FFS [HR = 1.7 (1.3, 2.5); p < 0.001], PFS [HR = 2.0 (1.1, 5.0); p = 0.014], CML-related survival [HR = 2.5 (1.0, 10.0); p = 0.060] and survival [HR = 2.5 (1.0, 10.0); p = 0.043]. Males had lower rates of MMR and MR4.5 and worse FFS, but not survival compared with females. Being married was associated with a higher rate of MR4.5, fewer failures, progressions, and deaths. CONCLUSION: Socio-demographic co-variates have a strong impact on therapy choice and responses in persons with newly-diagnosed CML, including circumstances of diagnosis, risk category and prognosis, use of initial TKI, switching TKIs, response to TKI-therapy, and outcomes.

4.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835616

RESUMO

Fus3/Kss1, also known as Pmk1 in several pathogenic fungi, is a component of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway that functions as a regulator in fungal development, stress response, mating, and pathogenicity. Cytospora chrysosperma, a notorious woody plant-pathogenic fungus, causes canker disease in many species, and its Pmk1 homolog, CcPmk1, is required for fungal development and pathogenicity. However, the global regulation network of CcPmk1 is still unclear. In this study, we compared transcriptional analysis between a CcPmk1 deletion mutant and the wild type during the simulated infection process. A subset of transcription factor genes and putative effector genes were significantly down-regulated in the CcPmk1 deletion mutant, which might be important for fungal pathogenicity. Additionally, many tandem genes were found to be regulated by CcPmk1. Eleven out of 68 core secondary metabolism biosynthesis genes and several gene clusters were significantly down-regulated in the CcPmk1 deletion mutant. GO annotation of down-regulated genes showed that the ribosome biosynthesis-related processes were over-represented in the CcPmk1 deletion mutant. Comparison of the CcPmk1-regulated genes with the Pmk1-regulated genes from Magnaporthe oryzae revealed only a few overlapping regulated genes in both CcPmk1 and Pmk1, while the enrichment GO terms in the ribosome biosynthesis-related processes were also found. Subsequently, we calculated that in vitro feeding artificial small interference RNAs of CcPmk1 could silence the target gene, resulting in inhibited fungal growth. Furthermore, silencing of BcPmk1 in Botrytis cinerea with conserved CcPmk1 and BcPmk1 fragments could significantly compromise fungal virulence using the virus-induced gene silencing system in Nicotiana benthamiana. These results suggest that CcPmk1 functions as a regulator of pathogenicity and can potentially be designed as a target for broad-spectrum disease control, but unintended effects on nonpathogenic fungi need to be avoided.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e24565, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725938

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To determine the effect of earthquake on sleep quality of adults who had experienced Tangshan Earthquake either as infants or fetuses and also investigate whether CRHR1 polymorphism influenced sleep quality in subjects exposed to seismic stress.Totally 556 subjects were enrolled in the current study and were divided into 3 groups, those who had experienced Tangshan Earthquake as infants (group I) or fetuses (group II), and those who had not experienced Tangshan Earthquake (group III). Sleep was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PQSI). Three single nucleotide polymorphisms of the CRHR1 gene were analyzed.Fifty two (9.4%) subjects had sleep disturbance, including 17 (9.9%) subjects in group I, 24 (13.4%) subjects in group II, and 11 (5.3%) subjects in group III (χ2 = 7.373, P = .025). Moreover, subjects with CRHR1 genotype T/T had a significantly lower rate of sleep disturbance (7.8%) than subjects with genotype C/T and C/C (14.7%; χ2 = 4.845, P  = .028). Furthermore, subjects with rs7209436 genotype C had an approximately 2-fold increase in the risk of sleep disturbance versus those who were not genotype C (OR = 1.978, 95% CI (1.045, 3.744).Prenatal and postnatal exposure to seismic stress significantly increases subsequent risk of sleep disturbance in adulthood.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/genética , Receptores de Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/genética , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/genética , Adulto , Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância , Desastres , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Sono/genética
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 179: 466-474, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705833

RESUMO

Different ionic liquid (IL)s were added to hydroxypropyl methylcellulose /monosodium phosphate (HPMC/MSP) photophobic film to improve its ductility, and their effects on its multi-scale structures and physical properties were studied. After adding these ILs, smoothness of the fractal structure, tensile strength, modulus of the film did not change obviously, while the crystallinity, the number of holes, and elongation increased, the hole size and Tg decreased. Compared to films with other ILs, the film with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM]BF4) showed the largest elongation and crystallinity, the smallest hole size, the least holes, and highest whiteness. The film with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) showed the largest water content and the lowest Tg. The increased elongation proved that all these ILs could improve the ductility of the film, among which, [EMIM]BF4 had the strongest plasticizing effect.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25187, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761700

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Duplicate kidneys are the most common congenital abnormality of the urinary system. The location of duplicate kidneys varies. We report a case of an adolescent with upper and lower kidneys that are arranged vertically and approximately T-shaped. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old male teenager was examined for pain in the left side of the waist. The Computed Tomography scan revealed that the left kidney was incompletely duplicated and fused; the left upper urinary tract was incompletely obstructed. DIAGNOSIS: The abdominal tomography confirmed the diagnosis of incomplete duplicate kidney. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery. The failure to ligate the renal pedicle resulted in increased bleeding during the operation and an open ureteral stump. OUTCOMES: No urine leakage occurred after the operation. Doppler ultrasound of the urinary system showed no hydronephrosis, and the patient was asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Through this case report, we found that the duplicate kidneys could be arranged in a T-shape under laparoscopy. Although only the supply of the duplicate renal arteries can be ligated during surgical resection, the renal pedicle must also be ligated during the operation if there is a lot of bleeding.


Assuntos
Rim/anormalidades , Rim/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Adolescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Pelve Renal/anormalidades , Pelve Renal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Masculino , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Ureter/anormalidades , Ureter/cirurgia
8.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 7(1): 24, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674617

RESUMO

In breast cancer (BC), detecting low volumes of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis pre-operatively is difficult and novel biomarkers are needed. We recently showed that patient-derived ALNs can be sustained ex-vivo using normothermic perfusion. We now compare reactive (tumour-free; n = 5) and macrometastatic (containing tumour deposits >2 mm; n = 4) ALNs by combining whole section multiplex immunofluorescence with TMT-labelled LC-MS/MS of the circulating perfusate. Macrometastases contained significantly fewer B cells and T cells (CD4+/CD8+/regulatory) than reactive nodes (p = 0.02). Similarly, pathway analysis of the perfusate proteome (119/1453 proteins significantly differentially expressed) showed that immune function was diminished in macrometastases in favour of 'extracellular matrix degradation'; only 'neutrophil degranulation' was preserved. Qualitative comparison of the perfusate proteome to that of node-positive pancreatic and prostatic adenocarcinoma also highlighted 'neutrophil degranulation' as a contributing factor to nodal metastasis. Thus, metastasis-induced changes in the REPLICANT perfusate proteome are detectable, and could facilitate biomarker discovery.

9.
Mar Environ Res ; 167: 105295, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714106

RESUMO

Marine biota, especially commercially important species, serves as a basis for human nutrition. However, millions of tons of plastic litter are produced and enter the marine environment every year, with potential adverse impacts on marine organisms. In the present study, we investigated the occurrence and characteristics of microplastic (MP) pollution in the digestive tracts of 13 species of wild nektons from 20 stations sampled in the South China Sea (SCS) and the Indian Ocean (IO), and assessed the human health risks of MPs. The detection rate of MPs ranged from 0.00% to 50.00% from the SCS, which was dramatically lower than that from the IO (10.00-80.00%). The average abundance of MP was 0.18 ± 0.06 items g wet weight-1 (ww-1) in the SCS, which was significantly lower than that in the IO with a concentration of 0.70 ± 0.16 items g ww-1. Most MPs were fibers in type, black in color, and polyester (PES) in polymer composition in both the SCS and IO. Interestingly, distinct profiles of MP pollution were found between the benthic and pelagic nektons: 1) The predominant MP composition was PES in the benthic nektons, whereas polyamide (PA) accounted for a larger part of the total MP count in the pelagic nektons within the SCS; 2) The abundance of MP in the benthic nektons (0.52 ± 0.24 items individual-1) was higher than that in the pelagic nektons (0.30 ± 0.11 items individual-1). Accordingly, the mean hazard score of MPs detected in the benthic nektons (220.66 ± 210.75) was higher than that in the pelagic nektons (49.53 ± 22.87); 3) The mean size of the MP in the pelagic nektons (0.84 ± 0.17 mm) was larger than that in the benthic nektons (0.49 ± 0.09 mm). Our findings highlight the need to further investigate the ecological impacts of MPs on wild nekton, especially commercially important species, and its potential implications for human health.

10.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 898: 173932, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631180

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of sevoflurane (SEV) preconditioning in liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. In vivo, rats were randomly divided into Sham group, I/R rat model group, I/R + SEV group and SEV group. In vitro, hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) cell model were established. Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) and TUNEL assay were used to evaluate the degree of tissue damage and detect apoptosis in rats, respectively. HO-1, nuclear Nrf2 and cytosolic Nrf2 expressions were detected by immunohistochemical staining, Western blot analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), respectively. Contents of Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined by corresponding kits. Inflammatory factor levels, cell viability, apoptosis were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), MTT assay, and flow cytometry, respectively.In the I/R group, liver damage was severe, apoptosis-positive cells were increased, HO-1 and nuclear Nrf2 expressions were increased, and cytosolic Nrf2 expression was decreased. After SEV pretreatment, the degree of liver injury and apoptosis in rats were significantly reduced, HO-1 and nuclear Nrf2 expressions were increased significantly, and cytosolic Nrf2 expression was decreased. 4% SEV had the best mitigating effect on H/R-induced liver cell damage, as evidenced by reduced contents of LDH and MDA, decreased inflammatory factors, a lowered apoptosis rate, inhibited ROS production, effectively promoted Nrf2 nucleation, and activated Nrf/HO-1 pathway. ML385 pretreatment significantly inhibited the effect of SEV on hepatocytes.Sevoflurane protects the liver from ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

11.
Pharmacol Res ; 166: 105491, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582247

RESUMO

Acute erythroid leukemia (AEL) is a rare and aggressive hematologic malignancy with no specific treatment. Sanguisorba officinalis L. (S. officinalis), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, possesses potent anticancer activity. However, the active components of S. officinalis against AEL and the associated molecular mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we predicted the anti-AML effect of S. officinalis based on network pharmacology. Through the identification of active components of S. officinalis, we found that 3,8-Di-O-methylellagic acid 2-O-glucoside (DMAG) not only significantly inhibited the proliferation of erythroleukemic cell line HEL, but also induced their differentiation to megakaryocytes. Furthermore, we demonstrated that DMAG could prolong the survival of AEL mice model. Whole-transcriptome sequencing was performed to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with anti-AEL effect of DMAG. The results showed that the total of 68 miRNAs, 595 lncRNAs, 4030 mRNAs and 35 circRNAs were significantly differentially expressed during DMAG induced proliferation inhibition and differentiation of HEL cells. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses revealed that the differentially expressed miRNAs, lncRNAs, mRNAs and circRNAs were mainly involved in metabolic, HIF-1, MAPK, Notch pathway and apoptosis. The co-expression networks showed that miR-23a-5p, miR-92a-1-5p, miR-146b and miR-760 regulatory networks were crucial for megakaryocyte differentiation induced by DMAG. In conclusion, our results suggest that DMAG, derived from S. officinalis might be a potent differentiation inducer of AEL cells and provide important information on the underlying mechanisms associated with its anti-AEL activity.

12.
J Fish Dis ; 44(4): 441-460, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577719

RESUMO

Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2), a member of the genus Cyprinivirus in the family Alloherpesviridae, has attracted worldwide attention because it causes severe disease and high mortality in crucian carp and goldfish. In this study, we focus on mRNA, protein and viral miRNA expression profiles in C. auratus gibelio caudal fin (GiCF) cells infected with CyHV-2, using high-throughput sequence techniques and TMT-labelled analyses. The results revealed that 156 virus genes were differentially expressed during the infection. Among these differentially expressed genes, 7 viral genes were significantly up-regulated and 28 were significantly down-regulated at 96 hpi (hours post-infection) vs 48 hpi. Besides, a total of 78 viral proteins, including a large number of membrane proteins and capsid proteins associated with the viral assembly, were successfully detected by using proteome analysis. Furthermore, a total of 225,143,474 raw reads were generated from cDNA library of CyHV-2-infected GiCF cells using high-throughput sequencing technology. Following annotation and secondary structure prediction, 10 viral miRNAs were found as significantly modulated in CyHV-2-infected GiCF cells (2 down-regulated and 8 up-regulated). Finally, the CyHV-2 genes (orf19, orf23, orf118, orf121, orf127) targeted by the viral miRNA CyHV-2-KT-635 identified in this study, were predicted and validated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the regulation of CyHV-2-KT-635 on orf121 protein expression was verified by western blotting assay. Taken together, this study provides a valuable basis for further research on the expression of virus genes during CyHV-2 replication and the molecular mechanisms by which miRNA may regulate CyHV-2 virus.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 93: 107434, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556668

RESUMO

Leflunomide, an immunosuppressive disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD), is widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PA) as well as multiple sclerosis. However, its role in myasthenia gravis (MG) has not yet been clearly explored. Here, we investigated the effect of leflunomide on experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) in vivo and in vitro. The results demonstrated that leflunomide alleviated the severity of EAMG associated with reduced serum total anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) IgG levels. During the development of EAMG, the increase of follicular helper T cells (Tfh) 1, Tfh 17 cells and decrease of follicular regulatory T cells (Tfr) were reversely altered after leflunomide administration. Our work further found that leflunomide might inhibit Tfh cells through the IL-21/STAT3 pathway to reduce the secretion of antibodies by B cells. In addition, leflunomide rebuilt the balance of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg subsets. These results suggested that leflunomide ameliorated EAMG severity by regulating humoral immune responses and Th cell profiles thereby providing a novel effective treatment strategy for MG.

15.
Epilepsy Behav ; 117: 107814, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611102

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lacosamide (LCM) was approved in China in 2018. However, the safety of LCM has not been established in pediatric patients. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate its safety, efficacy, and tolerability in pediatric patients living in Uygur, Northwest China. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients diagnosed with epilepsy and on LCM therapy at a medical center. The seizure frequencies at 3, 6, and 12 months after starting LCM therapy were recorded and compared with the baseline monthly frequency. The primary outcome variables were the 50% responder and seizure-free rates. The secondary outcome variables included the terminal 6-month seizure remission and percentages of discontinuation due to a lack of efficacy and tolerability. Safety variables included the incidence and type of adverse reactions. RESULTS: Seventy-two pediatric patients with epilepsy living in Uygur, China and receiving LCM treatment were included in the present study. Fifty (69%) children responded to LCM therapy with a more than 50% reduction in the frequency of seizures. Seizure-free rates increased over time, at 14%, 19%, and 20% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The number of baseline anti-seizure medications (ASMs) and order of LCM introduction significantly impacted the likelihood of seizure remission during the 12-month follow-up period (p < 0.05). During the entire period of LCM treatment, twenty-two children (30.5%) experienced at least one adverse reaction. CONCLUSION: This retrospective study of 72 pediatric patients with epilepsy in Uygur, China, showed that LCM therapy is safe and effective for epilepsy in children, resulting in a reduction in the seizure rate.

16.
Cancer Res ; 81(4): 847-859, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509944

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are resistant to standard-of-care chemotherapy and lack known targetable driver gene alterations. Identification of novel drivers could aid the discovery of new treatment strategies for this hard-to-treat patient population, yet studies using high-throughput and accurate models to define the functions of driver genes in TNBC to date have been limited. Here, we employed unbiased functional genomics screening of the 200 most frequently mutated genes in breast cancer, using spheroid cultures to model in vivo-like conditions, and identified the histone acetyltransferase CREBBP as a novel tumor suppressor in TNBC. CREBBP protein expression in patient tumor samples was absent in 8% of TNBCs and at a high frequency in other tumors, including squamous lung cancer, where CREBBP-inactivating mutations are common. In TNBC, CREBBP alterations were associated with higher genomic heterogeneity and poorer patient survival and resulted in upregulation and dependency on a FOXM1 proliferative program. Targeting FOXM1-driven proliferation indirectly with clinical CDK4/6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) selectively impaired growth in spheroids, cell line xenografts, and patient-derived models from multiple tumor types with CREBBP mutations or loss of protein expression. In conclusion, we have identified CREBBP as a novel driver in aggressive TNBC and identified an associated genetic vulnerability in tumor cells with alterations in CREBBP and provide a preclinical rationale for assessing CREBBP alterations as a biomarker of CDK4/6i response in a new patient population. SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrates that CREBBP genomic alterations drive aggressive TNBC, lung cancer, and lymphomas and may be selectively treated with clinical CDK4/6 inhibitors.

17.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 63(4): 787-802, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433058

RESUMO

Trimethylated histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) is a repressive histone marker that regulates a variety of developmental processes, including those that determine flowering time. However, relatively little is known about the mechanism of how H3K27me3 is recognized to regulate transcription. Here, we identified BAH domain-containing transcriptional regulator 1 (BDT1) as an H3K27me3 reader. BDT1 is responsible for preventing flowering by suppressing the expression of flowering genes. Mutation of the H3K27me3 recognition sites in the BAH domain disrupted the binding of BDT1 to H3K27me3, leading to de-repression of H3K27me3-enriched flowering genes and an early-flowering phenotype. We also found that BDT1 interacts with a family of PHD finger-containing proteins, which we named PHD1-6, and with CPL2, a Pol II carboxyl terminal domain (CTD) phosphatase responsible for transcriptional repression. Pull-down assays showed that the PHD finger-containing proteins can enhance the binding of BDT1 to the H3K27me3 peptide. Mutations in all of the PHD genes caused increased expression of flowering genes and an early-flowering phenotype. This study suggests that the binding of BDT1 to the H3K27me3 peptide, which is enhanced by PHD proteins, is critical for preventing early flowering.

18.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 30, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin is a first-line drug in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treatment, yet whether metformin may increase all-cause or cardiovascular mortality of T2DM patients remains inconclusive. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase for data extracted from inception to July 14, 2020, with a registration in PROSPERO (CRD42020177283). This study included randomized controlled trials (RCT) assessing the cardiovascular effects of metformin for T2DM. This study is followed by PRISMA and Cochrane guideline. Risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI was pooled across trials by a random-effects model. Primary outcomes include all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: We identified 29 studies that randomly assigned patients with 371 all-cause and 227 cardiovascular death events. Compared with untreated T2DM patients, metformin-treated patients was not associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality (RR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.69-1.38; P = 0.90), cardiovascular mortality (RR: 1.13; 95% CI: 0.60, 2.15; P = 0.70), macrovascular events (RR: 0.87; 95%CI: 0.70-1.07; P = 0.19), heart failure (RR: 1.02; 95% CI:0.61-1.71; P = 0.95), and microvascular events (RR: 0.78; 95% CI:0.54-1.13; P = 0.19). Combination of metformin with another hypoglycemic drug was associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality (RR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.02, 2.16) and cardiovascular mortality (RR: 2.21; 95% CI: 1.22, 4.00) compared with hypoglycemic drug regimens with no metformin. CONCLUSION: The combination of metformin treatment may impose higher risk in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. This finding, at least in part, shows no evidence for benefits of metformin in combination in terms of all-cause/cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events for T2DM. However, the conclusion shall be explained cautiously considering the limitations from UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS).

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512993

RESUMO

The cleanup of spilled oil from water has always been a severe and urgent issue, which attracted great attention and interest. In this study, we reported a highly efficient large-scale blow spinning technique to fabricate fibrous oil sorbents including the polystyrene (PS) fibrous sponge and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)/polystyrene (PS) composite package with ultrahigh oil adsorption capacity. The wide diameter distributions and multilevel pore structure of PS fibers were obtained by controlling the precursor solution compositions used in blow spinning. The PS fibrous sponge formed by accumulating naturally exhibited an ultralow density, whose oil adsorption capacity ranged from 74 to 440 g/g for various oils and organic solvents. To enhance the mechanical strength of the PS fibrous sponge, the PVDF/PS composite package with the sandwich structure was fabricated by alternately blow spinning. The PVDF/PS composite package possessed 2.7 times the tensile strength of the PS fibrous sponge while the oil adsorption capacity had merely a slight decrease. Moreover, the fabrication strategy of blow spinning used to produce the fibrous sponge and composite package is highly efficient, cost-effective, and environment-friendly, which is suitable for large-scale industrial production of oil sorbents and oil spill cleanup in environment protection.

20.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 77, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is an effective anti-tumor treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), exerting therapy effect on injured tissues during chemotherapy, may be damaged in the process. The possibility of self-healing through long-range paracrine and the mechanisms are unclear. METHODS: Doxorubicin, a commonly used chemotherapy drug, was to treat human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) for 6 h as an in vitro cell model of chemotherapy-induced damage. Then we use extracellular vesicles derived from placental mesenchymal stem cells (hP-MSCs) to investigate the therapeutic potential of MSCs-EVs for chemotherapy injury. The mechanism was explored using microRNA sequencing. RESULTS: MSC-derived extracellular vesicles significantly alleviated the chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Using microRNA sequencing, we identified hsa-miR-11401, which was downregulated in the Dox group but upregulated in the EV group. The upregulation of hsa-miR-11401 reduced the expression of SCOTIN, thereby inhibiting p53-dependent cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Hsa-miR-11401 expressed by MSCs can be transported to chemotherapy-damaged cells by EVs, reducing the high expression of SCOTIN in damaged cells, thereby inhibiting SCOTIN-mediated apoptosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...