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1.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 318-329, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704669

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a harmful heavy metal pollutant, which can cause oxidative stress in the body and induce cell damage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a general term for substances that contain oxygen and are active in the body. However, excessive ROS can damage the body. Cadmium poisoning can cause a large amount of ROS in cells and autophagy. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) is a plant polysaccharide with biological functions, such as antioxidant and anti-stress activities. In this study, chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) were used to determine the relationship between ROS and autophagy damage of Cd-infected cells and the mechanism of APS on cadmium-induced autophagy damage. The results showed that a 10-µL dose of 10 µmol/L cadmium chloride (CdCl2) can induce CEF autophagy and damage when CEF was added for 36 h. Cadmium induced CEF autophagy damage by increasing ROS production. APS could significantly reduce ROS production and LC3-II and Beclin-1 protein expression, increase the expression of mTOR and the level of antioxidation, and restore the viability and morphological damage of CEF exposed to Cd. Our study suggests that APS can alleviate Cd-induced CEF autophagy damage by reducing the production of ROS.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Galinhas , Animais , Autofagia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Embrião de Galinha , Fibroblastos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 1001, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to analyze postoperative changes of cervical sagittal curvature and to identify independent risk factors for cervical kyphosis in Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: A total of 124 AIS patients who received all-pedicle-screw instrumentation were enrolled. All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. The following parameters were measured preoperatively, immediately after the operation, and at the last follow-up: pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), global thoracic kyphosis (GTK), proximal thoracic kyphosis (PrTK), T1-slope, cervical lordosis (CL), McGregor slope (McGS), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), C2-7 SVA (cSVA), and main thoracic angle (MTA). Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate postoperative alterations of and correlations between the parameters and to identify risk factors for cervical kyphosis. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. RESULTS: After the operation, PrTK and T1-slope significantly increased (3.01 ± 11.46, 3.8 ± 10.76, respectively), cervical lordosis improved with an insignificant increase (- 2.11 ± 13.47, P = 0.154), and MTA, SS, and LL decreased significantly (- 33.68 ± 15.35, - 2.98 ± 8.41, 2.82 ± 9.92, respectively). Intergroup comparison and logistic regression revealed that preoperative CK > 2.35° and immediate postoperative GTK < 27.15° were independent risk factors for final cervical kyphosis, and △T1-slope < 4.8° for a kyphotic trend. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative restoration of thoracic kyphosis, especially proximal thoracic kyphosis, and T1-slope play a central role in cervical sagittal compensation. Preoperative CK, postoperative small GTK, and insufficient △T1-slope are all independent risk factors for cervical decompensation.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734610

RESUMO

Polyelectrolytes are an important class of functional polymers that have the advantages of both polymers and electrolytes due to the presence of charges, and have prospective applications in many fields. The charge of the backbone is an important factor affecting the properties of polyelectrolytes. Therefore, the complex interactions caused by the charges in polyelectrolyte solutions pose a challenge to the study of polyelectrolyte systems, and there is no consensus on the distinction between the behavior of strong and weak polyelectrolytes in solution. Based on single-molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS), the distinction of strong and weak polyelectrolytes is clarified for the first time at the single molecular level by comparing the single-chain elasticity in different environments. It is expected that the single-molecule study will provide the theoretical and experimental basis for the further application of polyelectrolytes.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27541, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731154

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder that affects specific groups of people. The relationship between breakfast consumption frequency and the risk of IBS is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between breakfast consumption frequency and the risk of IBS among Chinese female college students.In this cross-sectional study (n = 706) conducted in October 2018, the frequency of breakfast consumption was categorized as 0 to 3 times/week, 4 to 6 times/week, or daily. IBS was diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria and was based on the presence of abdominal pain or discomfort for at least 3 months during the previous 6 months, with at least 2 or more of the following conditions: changes in frequency or form of stool and/or decrease in pain after defecation. We adjusted for confounding factors, including age, only child (yes or no), parents' educational levels (senior high school or below, college, or postgraduate), parents' marital status (married, widowed, or divorced), smoking status (smoker or nonsmoker), drinking status (drinker or nondrinker), body mass index, and depressive symptoms. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between breakfast frequency and the risk of IBS.Among 706 participants, 23.7% were the only child in their family, and the proportion of parents divorced or widowed was 18.5%. The proportion of fathers and mothers with high school education or above was 93.3% and 96.3%, respectively. The prevalence of IBS among the participants was 17.3% (122/706). Multivariate logistic regressions analysis showed that breakfast consumption frequency is negatively associated with the risk of IBS after adjusting for confounding factors. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for IBS in the breakfast frequency category of 0 to 3 times/week, 4 to 6 times/week, and daily were 1.00 (reference), 0.96 (0.58, 1.60), and 0.45 (0.26, 0.78), respectively (P = .002).Our data revealed that regular breakfast consumption is associated with a lower risk of IBS among Chinese college students. Future cohort and/or interventional studies should be conducted to further explore the association between breakfast consumption frequency and IBS.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico , Desjejum/etnologia , Economia/tendências , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Líquidos , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Estado Civil , Pais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide life-threatening pandemic. Lianhua Qingwen is believed to possess the ability to treat or significantly improve the symptoms of COVID-19. These claims make it important to systematically evaluate the effects of using Lianhua Qingwen with Western medicine to treat COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combination therapy, employing Lianhua Qingwen with Western medicine, to treat COVID-19, using a meta-analysis approach. SEARCH STRATEGY: China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies evaluating the effect of Lianhua Qingwen-Western medicine combination therapy in the treatment of COVID-19. INCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) Research object: hospitalized patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of COVID-19 were included. (2) Intervention measures: patients in the treatment group received Lianhua Qingwen treatment combined with Western medicine, while the control group received either Western medicine or Chinese medicine treatment. (3) Research type: randomized controlled trials and retrospective study were included. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two researchers extracted the first author, the proportion of males and females, age, body temperature, course of treatment, rate of disappearance of main symptoms, duration of fever, adverse reactions, and total effectiveness from the literature. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used as the effect value for count data, and mean difference (MD) and 95% CI were used as the effect value for measurement data. RESULTS: Six articles met the inclusion criteria, including a total of 856 COVID-19 patients. The meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen combination therapy achieved higher rates of fever reduction (OR = 3.43, 95% CI [1.78, 6.59], P = 0.0002), cough reduction (OR = 3.39, 95% CI [1.85, 6.23], P < 0.0001), recovery from shortness of breath (OR = 10.62, 95% CI [3.71, 30.40], P < 0.0001) and recovery from fatigue (OR = 2.82, 95% CI [1.44, 5.53], P = 0.003), higher total effectiveness rate (OR = 2.51, 95% CI [1.73, 3.64], P < 0.00001), and shorter time to recovery from fever (MD = -1.00, 95% CI [-1.04, 0.96], P < 0.00001), and did not increase the adverse reaction rate (OR = 0.65, 95% CI [0.42, 1.01], P = 0.06), compared to the single medication control. CONCLUSION: The Lianhua Qingwen and Western medicine combination therapy is highly effective for COVID-19 patients and has good clinical safety. As only a small number of studies and patients were included in this review, more high-quality, multicenter, large-sample-size, randomized, double-blind, controlled trials are still needed for verification.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769557

RESUMO

LPAR6 is the most recently determined G-protein-coupled receptor of the lysophosphatidic acid receptor, and very few of studies have demonstrated the performance of LPAR6 in cancers. Moreover, the relationship of LPAR6 to the potential of prognosis and tumor infiltration immune cells in different types of cancer are still unclarified. In this study, the mRNA expression of LPAR6 and its clinical characteristics were evaluated on various databases. The association between LPAR6 and immune infiltrates of various types of cancer were investigated via TIMER. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for LPAR6 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) tissue microarray with patients' information was detected. We constructed a systematic prognostic landscape in a variety of types of cancer base on the expression level of mRNA. We enclosed that higher LPAR6 mRNA expression level was associated with better overall survival in some types of malignancy. Moreover, LPAR6 significantly affects the prognostic potential of various cancers in The Cancer Genome Atlas Program (TCGA), especially in lung cancer. Tissue microarrays of lung cancer patient cohorts demonstrated that a higher protein level of LPAR6 was correlated to better overall survival of LUAD rather than LUSC cohorts. Further research indicated that the underlying mechanism of this phenome might be the mRNA expression level of LPAR6 was positively associated to infiltrating statuses of devious immunocytes in LUAD rather than in LUSC, that is, LPAR6 expression potentially contributes to the activation and recruiting of T cells (CD8+ T, naive T, effector T cell) and NK cells and inactivates Tregs, decreases T cell exhaustion and regulates T-helper (Th) cells in LUAD. Our discovery implies that LPAR6 is associated with prognostic potential and immune-infiltrating levels in LUAD. These discoveries imply that LPAR6 could be a promising novel biomarker for indicating the prognosis potential of LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
NPJ Genom Med ; 6(1): 93, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759310

RESUMO

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) is a pathogenic gene of selective tooth agenesis-7 (OMIM#616724). Although the malformation of the digits and fore- and hindlimbs has been reported in Lrp6-deficient mice, it has been rarely discovered in humans with LRP6 mutations. Here, we demonstrate an unreported autosomal dominant LRP6 heterozygous mutation (c.2840 T > C;p.Met947Thr) in a tooth agenesis family with hand polydactyly, and another unreported autosomal dominant LRP6 heterozygous mutation (c.1154 G > C;p.Arg385Pro) in a non-syndromic tooth agenesis family. Bioinformatic prediction demonstrated the deleterious effects of the mutations, and LRP6 structure changes suggested the corresponding functional impairments. Analysis on the pattern of LRP6-related tooth agenesis demonstrated the maxillary lateral incisor was the most affected. Our study report that LRP6 mutation might be associated with hand preaxial polydactyly in humans, which broaden the phenotypic spectrum of LRP6-related disorders, and provide valuable information on the characteristics of LRP6-related tooth agenesis.

8.
World Allergy Organ J ; 14(11): 100604, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820052

RESUMO

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic disease with growing prevalence and has become a global public health problem. However, little is known about the burden caused by AD in China. Objective: To access the prevalence and burden of AD in China. Methods: We estimated the prevalence and year lived with disability (YLD) of AD in China, by different age and sex groups. We also compared the burden of AD in China with other countries in the Group of Twenty (G20). We analyzed the changes in the number of AD patients and their YLDs by cause decomposition from 1990 to 2019. Results: AD was the twenty-fourth leading cause of the burden of 369 diseases in China in 2019. From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized prevalence and YLD rate of AD in China increased by 1.04% and 1.43% respectively, which were the second and the largest increase among the G20 and both higher than the global average (-4.29% and -4.14%). The number of patients with AD increased by 25.65%, of which 20.16% was due to population growth, 3.85% due to population aging, and 1.64% due to age-specific prevalence. Both the prevalence and YLD rate of AD were higher in 1 to 4 year-olds and 95+ years age group. Before the age of 10, the prevalence and YLD rate of AD in males were higher than those in females, while there was a marked sex shift at the ages of 10 to 14. Conclusion: AD is a serious public health problem in China. Substantial variations exist in burden due to AD between male and female, and in age groups. Considering these findings will be important for developing preventive strategies and treatments to reduce the burden of AD.

9.
Mater Horiz ; 8(2): 426-446, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821263

RESUMO

In the past 30 years, researchers have worked towards reducing the size of ordinary three-dimensional (3D) materials into 1D or 2D materials in order to obtain new properties and applications of these low-dimensional systems. Among them, functional nanofibers with large surface area and high porosity have been widely studied and paid attention to. Because of the interesting properties of nanofibers, they find extensive application in filtration, wound dressings, composites, sensors, capacitors, nanogenerators, etc. Recently, a variety of nanofiber preparation methods such as melt blowing, electrospinning (e-spinning), centrifugal spinning and solution blow spinning (SBS) have been proposed. This paper includes a brief review of the fundamental principles of the preparation of nanofibers for solution jet spinning, the influence of experimental parameters, and the properties and potential applications of the solution-blown fibers. And the industrialization and challenges of SBS are also included.

10.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1374, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733926

RESUMO

Background: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) remains a highly lethal disease worldwide. MiR-552 family members promote the malignant progression of a variety of digestive system tumors, but the role of miR-552-3p in GBC has not been elucidated. miR-552-3p was predicted to target the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the mRNA for the tumor suppressor gene "repulsive guidance molecule BMP co-receptor a" (RGMA). The aim of the present study was to clarify the roles and mechanisms of miR-552-3p targeting RGMA in the malignant progression of GBC. Methods: In vitro: expression of miR-552-3p was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in tumor and non-tumor adjacent tissues (NATs). Lentivirus-miR-552-3p was employed to knockdown this miRNA in GBC cell lines. Stem cell-related transcription factors and markers were assessed by qRT-PCR. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), sphere formation and transwell assays were used to determine the malignant phenotypes of GBC cells. Targeting the 3'UTR of RGMA by miR-552-3p was verified by integrated analysis including bioinformatics prediction, luciferase assays, measures of changes of gene expression and rescue experiments. In vivo: mouse models of subcutaneous tumors and lung metastases were established to observe the effect of miR-552-3p on tumorigenesis and organ metastasis, respectively. Results: MiR-552-3p was abnormally highly expressed in GBC tissues and cancer stem cells. Interference with miR-552-3p in SGC-996 and GBC-SD cells significantly inhibited GBC stem cell expansion. Reciprocally, miR-552-3p promoted GBC cell proliferation, migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo; hence, interference with this miRNA impeded the malignant progression of GBC. Furthermore, the important tumor suppressor gene RGMA was identified as a target of miR-552-3p. The effects of miR-552-3p on cell proliferation and metastasis were abrogated or enhanced by gain or loss of RGMA function, respectively. Mechanistically, miR-552-3p promoted GBC progression by reactivating the Akt/ß-catenin pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). Clinically, miR-552-3p correlated with multi-malignant characteristics of GBC and acted as a prognostic marker for GBC outcome. Conclusions: MiR-552-3p promotes the malignant progression of GBC by inhibiting the mRNA of the tumor suppressor gene RGMA, resulting in reactivation of the Akt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

11.
Chemosphere ; : 132723, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736744

RESUMO

Biotrickling filter (BTF) is a widely applied bioreactor for odour abatement in sewer networks. The trickling strategy is vital for maintaining a sound operation of BTF. This study employed a lab-scale BTF packed with granular activated carbon at a short empty bed residence time of 6 s and pH 1-2 to evaluate different trickling strategies, i.e., continuous trickling (different velocities) and intermittent trickling (different trickling intervals), in terms of the removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), bed pressure drop, H2S oxidation products and microbial community. The H2S removal performance decreased with the trickling velocity (∼3.6 m/h) in BTF. In addition, three intermittent trickling strategies, i.e., 10-min trickling per 24 h, 8 h, and 2 h, were investigated. The H2S elimination capacity deteriorated after about 2 weeks under both 10-min trickling per 24 h and 8 h. For both intermittent (10-min trickling per 2 h) and continuous trickling, the BTF exhibited nearly 100 % H2S removal for inlet H2S concentrations<100 ppmv, but intermittent BTF showed better removal performance than continuous trickling when inlet H2S increased to 120-190 ppmv. Furthermore, the bed pressure drops were 333 and 3888 Pa/m for non-trickling and trickling periods, respectively, which makes intermittent BTF save 83 % energy consumption of the blower compared with continuous tirckling. However, intermittent BTF exhibited transient H2S breakthrough (<1 ppmv) during trickling periods. Moreover, elemental sulfur and sulfate were major products of H2S oxidation and Acidithiobacillus was the dominant genus in both intermittent and continuous trickling BTF. A mathematical model was calibrated for the intermittent BTF and a sensitivity analysis was performed on the model. It shows mass transfer parameters determine the H2S removal. Overall, intermittent trickling strategy is promising for improving odour abatement performance and reducing the operating cost of the BTF.

12.
J Med Virol ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Arbidol and lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) using a meta-analysis method. METHODS: The China Knowledge Network, VIP database, WanFang database PubMed database, Embase database, and Cochrane Library were searched for a collection of comparative studies on Arbidol and lopinavir/ritonavir in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019. Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Arbidol and lopinavir/ritonavir in the treatment of COVID-19. RESULTS: The results of the systematic review indicated that Arbidol had a higher positive-to-negative conversion rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on Day 7 [P=0.03], a higher positive-to-negative conversion rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on Day 14 [P=0.006], a higher improvement rate of chest CT on Day 14 [P=0.02], a lower incidence of adverse reactions [P=0.002] and lower rate of mortality[P=0.007]. There was no difference in the rate of cough disappearance on Day 14 [P=0.24] or the rate of severe/critical illness [P=0.07] between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Arbidol may be superior tolopinavir/ritonavir in the treatment of COVID-19. However, due to the small number of included studies and the number of patients, high-quality multi-centre large-sample randomized double-blind controlled trials are still needed for verification. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
J Oncol ; 2021: 8493431, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621314

RESUMO

Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most malignant bone tumors and has a high metastatic rate. Increasing research has demonstrated the vital roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human cancers, including OS. LncRNA LINC00662 has been revealed to act as an oncogene involved in multiple tumor progression. This study aimed to investigate the expression pattern, function, and regulatory mechanism of LINC00662 in OS. Methods: Patients who underwent OS surgery were involved in this study. Experiments including RT-qPCR, MTT, western blot, FISH, RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter, colony formation, transwell invasion and migration, and sphere formation assay were performed to investigate the regulatory role of LINC00662 in OS. Results: In the present study, our findings demonstrated the upregulation of LINC00662 expression in OS tissues and cells, and high expression of LINC00662 predicted a poor clinical prognosis of patients' iNOS. Through a series of in vivo assays, LINC00662 knockdown suppressed OS cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and stemness property maintenance. Further mechanistical investigations indicated that LINC00662 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for sponging microRNA-16-5p (miR-16-5p) to upregulate the expression of IP receptor type 1 (ITPR1) in OS cells. Restoration assays validated the involvement of ITPR1 in LINC00662-mediated regulation of cell functions in OS. Conclusion: LINC00662 exerts oncogenic functions in OS by targeting the miR-16-5p/ITPR1 axis.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 705827, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690924

RESUMO

The prevalence of obesity has become a threatening global public health issue. The consequence of obesity is abnormal energy metabolism. Unlike white adipose tissue (WAT), brown adipose tissue (BAT) has a unique role in nonshivering thermogenesis. Lipids and glucose are consumed to maintain energy and metabolic homeostasis in BAT. Recently, accumulating evidence has indicated that exposure to excess maternal energy intake affects energy metabolism in offspring throughout their life. However, whether excess intrauterine energy intake influences BAT metabolism in adulthood is not clear. In this study, mouse dams were exposed to excess energy intake by feeding a high-fat diet (HFD) before and during pregnancy and lactation. The histology of BAT was assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The genome-wide methylation profile of BAT was determined by a DNA methylation array, and specific site DNA methylation was quantitatively analyzed by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) qPCR. We found that intrauterine exposure to a high-energy diet resulted in blood lipid panel disorders and impaired the BAT structure. Higher methylation levels of genes involved in thermogenesis and fatty acid oxidation (FAO) in BAT, such as Acaa2, Acsl1, and Cox7a1, were found in 16-week-old offspring from mothers fed with HFD. Furthermore, the expression of Acaa2, Acsl1, and Cox7a1 was down-regulated by intrauterine exposure to excess energy intake. In summary, our results reveal that excess maternal energy leads to a long-term disorder of BAT in offspring that involves the activation of DNA methylation of BAT-specific genes involved in fatty acid oxidation and thermogenesis.

15.
Cell Prolif ; : e13150, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708452

RESUMO

'Requirements for human cardiomyocytes', jointly drafted and agreed upon by experts from the Chinese Society for Stem Cell Research, is the first guideline for human cardiomyocytes in China. This standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, test regulations, instructions for use, labelling requirements, packing requirements, storage requirements, transportation requirements and waste disposal requirements for human cardiomyocytes, which is designed to normalize and standardize human cardiomyocyte research and production. It was originally released by the China Society for Cell Biology on 9 January 2021. We hope that the publication of this guideline will promote institutional establishment, acceptance and execution of proper protocols, and accelerate the international standardization of human cardiomyocytes for applications.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 727838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603042

RESUMO

Sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/Val) is a recently approved drug that is commonly used for treatment of heart failure. Several studies indicated that Sac/Val also regulated the secretion of inflammatory factors. However, the effect and mechanism of this drug modulation of inflammatory immune responses are uncertain. In this study, an experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) mouse model was established by injection of α-myosin-heavy chain peptides. The effect of oral Sac/Val on EAM was evaluated by histological staining of heart tissues, measurements of cardiac troponin T and inflammatory markers (IL-6 and hsCRP). The effects of Sac/Val on NLRP3 inflammasome activation and Th1/Th17 cell differentiation were also determined. To further explore the signaling pathways, the expressions of cardiac soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and NF-κB p65 were investigated. The results showed that Sac/Val downregulated the inflammatory response and attenuated the severity of EAM, but did not influence NLRP3 inflammasomes activation. Moreover, Sac/Val treatment inhibited cardiac Th17 cell differentiation, and this might be associated with sGC/NF-κB p65 signaling pathway. These findings indicate the potential use of Sac/Val for treatment of myocarditis.

17.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611814

RESUMO

In the past decades, human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have been generated by the ectopic expression of "Yamanaka factors" in multiple somatic cells. However, the procedure to get access to donor cells is hard or invasive in most cases. Hereon, we depict a stepwise method developed in our laboratory for the generation of iPSCs from renal epithelial cells present in urine, which is noninvasive, nonintegrating, and universal. The resulting urinary iPSCs (UiPSCs) exhibit pluripotent characteristics resemble embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and thus urine may be a favorable source for generating iPSCs.

18.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641176

RESUMO

Endovascular glue embolization is a minimally invasive technique used to selectively reduce or block the blood supply to specific targeted vessels. Cyanoacrylate glues, mixed with radiopaque iodized oil, have been widely used for vascular embolization owing to their rapid polymerization rate, good penetration ability and low tissue toxicity. Nevertheless, in clinical practice, the selection of the glue-oil proportion and the manual injection process of mixtures are mostly based on empirical knowledge of operators, as the crucial physicochemical effect of polymerization kinetics has rarely been quantitatively investigated. In this study, the Raman spectroscopy is used for studying the polymerization kinetics of n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-based glues mixed with an iodized oil. To simulate the polymerization process during embolization, glue-oil mixtures upon contact with a protein ionic solution mimicking blood plasma are manually constructed and their polymerization kinetics are systematically characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The results demonstrate the feasibility of Raman spectroscopy in the characterization of polymerization kinetics of cyanoacrylate-based embolic glues. The polymerization process of cyanoacrylate-based mixtures consists of a fast polymerization phase followed by a slow phase. The propagation velocity and polymerization time primarily depend on the glue concentrations. The commonly used 50% mixture polymerizes 1 mm over ∼21.8 s, while it takes ∼51 min to extend to 5 mm. The results provide essential information for interventional radiologists to help them understand the polymerization kinetics of embolic glues and thus regulate the polymerization rate for effective embolization.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 191: 783-791, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597691

RESUMO

Transdermal drug delivery efficacy of hyaluronic acid dissolving microneedles (HA DMNs) is limited by low loading dose and poor drug condensation in needles. HA swelling MNs (HA SMNs) could improve the efficacy, but comparisons between the formulations is missing. In this work, DMNs and SMNs were fabricated of HA and methacrylated HA, respectively. Their properties of transdermal drug delivery were systematically compared. HA SMNs exhibited enhanced mechanical strength, fast swelling performance, and extended duration of microchannels in skin. The doxorubicin (DOX) loaded by one-step loading protocol in needles and baseplate of SMNs could be transdermally delivered through the diffusing path mediated by swollen needles, conquering the limit of poor drug condensation in DMNs needles and generated a longer Tmax but higher Cmax. The relative bioavailability of DOX/SMNs towards DOX/DMNs was 200% within 12 h. The results provide theoretical references for the application of HA MNs mediated transdermal drug delivery.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(21): 2589-2596, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Finding an optimal treatment strategy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients remains challenging because of its intrinsic complexity. For mild to moderate scoliosis patients with lower skeletal growth potential (Risser 3-5), most clinicians agree with observation treatment; however, the curve progression that occurs during puberty, the adolescent period, and even in adulthood, remains a challenging issue for clinicians. The aim of the study is to investigate the efficacy of Schroth exercise in AIS patients with lower skeletal growth potential (Risser 3-5) and moderate scoliosis (Cobb angle 20°-40°). METHODS: From 2015 to 2017, data of 64 patients diagnosed with AIS in Peking University Third Hospital were reviewed. Forty-three patients underwent Schroth exercise were classified as Schroth group, and 21 patients underwent observation were classified as observation group. Outcomes were measured by health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and radiographic parameters. HRQOL was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) scores for back, Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) patient questionnaire. Radiographic spinopelvic parameters were obtained from anteroposterior and lateral X-rays. The pre-treatment and post-treatment HRQOL and radiographic parameters were tested to validate Schroth exercise efficacy. The inter-rater reliability of the radiographic parameters was tested using the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The paired t test was used to examine HRQOL and radiographic parameters. Clinical relevance between C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and thoracic kyphosis was analyzed using Spearman correlation. RESULTS: In Schroth group, VAS back score, SRS-22 pain, and SRS-22 self-image domain were significantly improved from pre-treatment 3.0 ±â€Š0.8, 3.6 ±â€Š0.5, and 3.5 ±â€Š0.7 to post-treatment 1.6 ±â€Š0.6 (t = 5.578, P = 0.013), 4.0 ±â€Š0.3 (t = -3.918, P = 0.001), and 3.7 ±â€Š0.4 (t = -6.468, P < 0.001), respectively. No significant improvements of SRS-22 function domain (t = -2.825, P = 0.088) and mental health domain (t = -3.174, P = 0.061) were observed. The mean Cobb angle decreased from 28.9 ±â€Š5.5° to 26.3 ±â€Š5.2° at the final follow-up, despite no statistical significance was observed (t = 1.853, P = 0.102). The mean C2-C7 SVA value decreased from 21.7 ±â€Š8.4 mm to 17.0 ±â€Š8.0 mm (t = -1.224 P = 0.049) and mean T1 tilt decreased from 4.9 ±â€Š4.2 ° to 3.5 ±â€Š3.1° (t = 2.913, P = 0.011). No significant improvement of radiographic parameters and HRQOL were observed in observation group. CONCLUSIONS: For AIS patients with a Risser 3-5 and a Cobb angle 20°-40°, Schroth exercises improved HRQOL and halted curve progression during the follow-up period. Both cervical spine alignment and shoulder balance were also significantly improved after Schroth exercises. We recommend Schroth exercises for patients with AIS.


Assuntos
Cifose , Lordose , Escoliose , Adolescente , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
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