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1.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400805, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609327

RESUMO

One novel bisabolane-derived sesquiterpenoid retrobisabolane A (1), featuring a methyl group location at the C-4 position instead of C-3 in the bisabolanes, and a known ester-substituted eremophilane-type sesquiterpenoid cryptosphaerolide (2), along with three known indole alkaloids (3‒5) were discovered from the fermented cultures of a deep-sea-derived fungus Retroconis fusiformis MCCC 3A00792. The planar structure of new compound 1 was determined by extensive analysis of the NMR and HRESIMS spectra. The relative and absolute configurations of 1 were resolved by the coupling constant (J), calculation of ECD and NMR spectra, and the DP4+ probability analysis of the 1H and 13C NMR data. Interestingly, retrobisabolane A was the new subclass of bisabolanes bearing a methyl group linkage at C-4 instead of C-3 position. Three human cancer cell lines (Hela, AGS, and BIU-87) were subjected to evaluate the cytotoxic activities of compounds 1‒5. As a result, compound 2 exhibited significant inhibitory activities against three cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 9.95 to 18.77 µM.

2.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 732-749, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer has a high incidence and fatality rate, and surgery is the preferred course of treatment. Nonetheless, patient survival rates are still low, and the incidence of major postoperative complications cannot be disregarded. The systemic inflammatory response, nutritional level, and coagulation status are key factors affecting the postoperative recovery and prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) and the albumin fibrinogen ratio (AFR) are two valuable comprehensive indicators of the severity and prognosis of systemic inflammation in various medical conditions. AIM: To assess the clinical importance and prognostic significance of the SIRI scores and the AFR on early postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing radical gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics and relevant laboratory indices of 568 gastric cancer patients from January 2018 to December 2019. We calculated and compared two indicators of inflammation and then examined the diagnostic ability of combined SIRI and AFR values for serious early postoperative complications. We scored the patients and categorized them into three groups based on their SIRI and AFR levels. COX analysis was used to compare the three groups of patients the prognostic value of various preoperative SIRI-AFR scores for 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: SIRI-AFR scores were an independent risk factor for prognosis [OS: P = 0.004; hazards ratio (HR) = 3.134; DFS: P < 0.001; HR = 3.543] and had the highest diagnostic power (area under the curve: 0.779; 95% confidence interval: 0.737-0.820) for early serious complications in patients with gastric cancer. The tumor-node-metastasis stage (P = 0.001), perioperative transfusion (P = 0.044), positive carcinoembryonic antigen (P = 0.014) findings, and major postoperative complications (P = 0.011) were factors associated with prognosis. CONCLUSION: Preoperative SIRI and AFR values were significantly associated with early postoperative survival and the occurrence of severe complications in gastric cancer patients.

3.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-12, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate regarding the comparative merits of splenectomy (SP) and splenic preservation in the surgical management of gastric cancer. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to shed light on potential differences in survival outcomes and postoperative complications associated with these two procedures. METHOD: An exhaustive literature search was conducted across multiple databases, namely PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. We utilized a random-effects model via RevMan 5.4 software to conduct a meta-analysis of the hazard ratios (HRs) and risk ratios (RRs) associated with SP and spleen preservation. Subgroup analyses were based on various attributes of the included studies. We employed funnel plots to assess publication bias, and sensitivity analysis was conducted to gauge the stability of the combined results. Both funnel plots and sensitivity analysis were performed using Stata 12. RESULT: Our research incorporated 23 observational studies and three randomized controlled trials, involving a total of 6,255 patients. SP did not yield superior survival outcomes in comparison to splenic preservation, a conclusion that aligns with the combined results of the randomized controlled trials. No statistically significant difference in survival prognosis was observed between SP and splenic preservation, irrespective of whether the patients had proximal gastric cancer or proximal gastric cancer invading the stomach's greater curvature. SP exhibited a higher incidence of all postoperative complications, notably pancreatic fistula and intraabdominal abscesses. However, it did not significantly differ from splenic preservation in terms of anastomotic leakage, incision infection, intestinal obstruction, intra-abdominal bleeding, and pulmonary infection. No significant difference in postoperative mortality between SP and splenic preservation was found. Funnel plots suggested no notable publication bias, and sensitivity analysis affirmed the stability of the combined outcomes. CONCLUSION: Despite the lack of significant differences in certain individual complications and postoperative mortality, the broader pattern of our data suggests that SP is associated with a greater overall frequency of postoperative complications, without providing additional survival benefits compared to splenic preservation. Thus, the routine implementation of SP is not advocated.


When doctors perform surgery for gastric (stomach) cancer, they sometimes remove the spleen, a procedure known as splenectomy (SP). However, there's a debate on whether removing the spleen is better than preserving it. Our study aimed to compare these two methods in terms of patient survival and the risk of complications after surgery. To do this, we looked at data from 26 studies involving 6,255 patients. Our analysis was thorough, using advanced statistical methods to ensure accuracy. Here's what we found: patients who had their spleen removed did not live longer than those who kept their spleen. Whether the cancer was just in the upper part of the stomach or had spread to the nearby large curve of the stomach, the survival rates were similar for both groups. Patients who underwent SP faced more postoperative complications, especially issues like pancreatic fistula and intra-abdominal abscesses. However, for some complications like leakage from the surgical joint, infection of the wound, bowel obstruction, internal bleeding, and lung infections, there was no significant difference between the two groups. The chances of dying post-surgery were similar whether patients had their spleen removed or not. Our findings suggest that routinely removing the spleen during gastric cancer surgery does not improve survival rates and is linked to more postoperative complications. Therefore, it may be better to avoid removing the spleen unless absolutely necessary.

4.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 86, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584163

RESUMO

During spaceflight, the cardiovascular system undergoes remarkable adaptation to microgravity and faces the risk of cardiac remodeling. Therefore, the effects and mechanisms of microgravity on cardiac morphology, physiology, metabolism, and cellular biology need to be further investigated. Since China started constructing the China Space Station (CSS) in 2021, we have taken advantage of the Shenzhou-13 capsule to send human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs) to the Tianhe core module of the CSS. In this study, hPSC-CMs subjected to space microgravity showed decreased beating rate and abnormal intracellular calcium cycling. Metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses revealed a battery of metabolic remodeling of hPSC-CMs in spaceflight, especially thiamine metabolism. The microgravity condition blocked the thiamine intake in hPSC-CMs. The decline of thiamine utilization under microgravity or by its antagonistic analog amprolium affected the process of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. It decreased ATP production, which led to cytoskeletal remodeling and calcium homeostasis imbalance in hPSC-CMs. More importantly, in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that thiamine supplementation could reverse the adaptive changes induced by simulated microgravity. This study represents the first astrobiological study on the China Space Station and lays a solid foundation for further aerospace biomedical research. These data indicate that intervention of thiamine-modified metabolic reprogramming in human cardiomyocytes during spaceflight might be a feasible countermeasure against microgravity.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Ausência de Peso , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo
5.
Waste Manag ; 181: 89-100, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598883

RESUMO

High-salt content in food waste (FW) affects its resource utilization during biotransformation. In this study, adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE), gene editing, and artificial consortia were performed out to improve the salt-tolerance of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for producing lipopeptide under FW and seawater. High-salt stress significantly decreased lipopeptide production in the B. amyloliquefaciens HM618 and ALE strains. The total lipopeptide production in the recombinant B. amyloliquefaciens HM-4KSMSO after overexpressing the ion transportor gene ktrA and proline transporter gene opuE and replacing the promoter of gene mrp was 1.34 times higher than that in the strain HM618 in medium containing 30 g/L NaCl. Lipopeptide production under salt-tolerant consortia containing two strains (HM-4KSMSO and Corynebacterium glutamicum) and three-strains (HM-4KSMSO, salt-tolerant C. glutamicum, and Yarrowia lipolytica) was 1.81- and 2.28-fold higher than that under pure culture in a medium containing FW or both FW and seawater, respectively. These findings provide a new strategy for using high-salt FW and seawater to produce value-added chemicals.

6.
Foods ; 13(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611427

RESUMO

Residue dissipation and risk assessment of difenoconazole and its metabolite difenoconazole-alcohol during tea growing, processing, and brewing was first investigated by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The limits of quantification for both difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol were 0.001 mg/kg in fresh tea leaves and tea, and 0.0002 mg/L in tea infusion. In field trials, the dissipation half-lives of difenoconazole in fresh tea leaves was 1.77 days. After spraying, the residues of difenoconazole-alcohol increased and then gradually dissipated like difenoconazole. After 14 days, the dissipation rates of difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol reached 99%. When fresh tea leaves were harvested on different days, the total processing factors (PFs) of difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol for green tea were 0.86-1.05 and 0.78-0.85, respectively, while the total PFs for black tea were 0.83-1.13 and 0.82-1.66, respectively. Metabolism of difenoconazole was accelerated during tea processing. When brewing black tea, the leaching rates (LRs) of difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol were 8.4-17.9% and 31.8-38.9%, respectively, while when brewing green tea, the LRs were 15.4-23.5% and 30.4-50.6%, respectively. The LRs of difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol in black tea were higher than those in green tea. The potential threat to human health for dietary intake of difenoconazole and difenoconazole-alcohol residues from tea consumption is negligible. However, the dietary risk of difenoconazole in fruits and vegetables that are essential for daily diets is concerning, with a risk probability of 158%.

7.
Asian J Surg ; 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453610

RESUMO

According to previous studies, D-dimer levels are associated with the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer (PC). However, the results of current studies are limited and controversial. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to assess the relationship between D-dimer levels and prognostic and pathological characteristics of PC patients. We first searched the databases of PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web Of Science, CBM, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang to identify available studies. The relationship between pretreatment d-dimer levels and prognosis in PC patients was assessed using the combined hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The combined odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used in assessing the relationship between pathological characteristics and d-dimer levels in PC patients. Stata 12.0 software was used for all statistical analyses. In total, we included 13 studies involving 2777 patients. The results showed that elevated pre-treatment d -dimer levels were significantly associated with OS deterioration (HR = 1.46 95% CI: 1.34-1.59; p < 0.001). We also performed subgroup analyses based on sample size, d -dimer threshold, follow-up time, and HR source to further validate the prognostic value of pretreatment d -dimer levels in PC. In addition, according to the analysis, high pretreatment d -dimer levels in PC patients were associated with late tumor stage (OR = 4.78, 95% CI 1.73-13.20, p < 0. 005), larger tumor size (OR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.25-2.35, p < 0.005), and distant metastasis of tumor (OR = 5.06, 95% CI 2.45-10.43, p < 0.005) were significantly associated. In contrast, other clinicopathological factors, including age, gender and lymph node metastasis, were not associated with d-dimer levels. In conclusion, we found that high pre-treatment d-dimer levels were associated with a poor prognosis in PC patients, in relation to later tumor stage, larger tumor size and the development of distant metastases. Plasma d-dimer levels can be used as a biomarker of prognosis in PC patients.

8.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 29, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449024

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess multipotent properties that make them promising candidates for immunomodulation and regenerative medicine. However, MSC heterogeneity poses challenges to their research reproducibility and clinical application. The emergence of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technology has enabled a thorough examination of MSC heterogeneity, underscoring the necessity for a specialized platform to systematically analyze the published datasets derived from MSC scRNA-seq experiments. However, large-scale integration and in-depth exploration of MSC scRNA-seq datasets to comprehensively depict their developmental patterns, relationships, and knowledge are still lacking. Here, we present MSCsDB ( http://mscsdb.jflab.ac.cn:18088/index/ ), an interactive database that has been constructed using high-quality scRNA-seq datasets from all published sources on MSCs. MSCsDB provides a one-stop interactive query for regulon activities, gene ontology enrichment, signature gene visualization and transcription factor regulon analysis. Additionally, the dedicated module within MSCsDB was developed to facilitate the evaluation of MSC quality, thereby promoting the standardization of MSC subtype usage. Notably, MSCsDB enables users to analyze their MSCs scRNA-seq data directly, yielding visually appealing outputs of exceptional quality that can be conveniently downloaded via email. Furthermore, MSCsDB integrates the current comprehensive MSC atlas taxonomy, which includes 470,000 cells and 5 tissues from 26 subjects, as publicly available references. These references provide molecular characterization and phenotypic prediction for annotating MSC subsets. In summary, MSCsDB serves as a user-friendly and contemporary data repository for human MSCs, offering a dedicated platform that enables users to effectively conduct comprehensive analyses on their individual MSCs scRNA-seq data.

9.
Food Sci Nutr ; 12(3): 1888-1901, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455194

RESUMO

The present study used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) to separate and identify the characteristic volatile flavor substances in 30 roasted peanut samples. GC-MS identified 59 volatile compounds, and GC-IMS detected 61 volatile flavor substances. The 30 peanut varieties were then divided into four groups on the basis of their volatile flavor substances using principal component analysis (PCA), and a fingerprint profile of the varieties' volatile characteristics was established from information peaks identified in the spectra. Descriptive sensory analysis (DSA) was performed to distinguish differences in flavor attributes between roasted peanut varieties. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) was performed with the volatile flavor content of roasted peanuts as the independent variable and the flavor attribute score as the dependent variable. These findings provide a basis for predicting the appeal of roasted peanuts based on their composition and demonstrate a potential avenue for improving food flavor quality.

10.
CNS Drugs ; 38(3): 169-192, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials of anti-Aß monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in the treatment of early Alzheimer's disease (AD) have produced encouraging cognitive and clinical results. The purpose of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to compare and rank mAb drugs according to their efficacy and safety. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials testing various mAbs for the treatment of cognitive decline in patients with AD, up to March 31, 2023. R software (version 4.2.3) along with JAGS and STATA software (version 15.0) were used for statistical analysis. Odds ratio (OR) for binary variables, mean difference (MD) for continuous variables, and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were utilized to estimate treatment effects and rank probabilities for each mAb in terms of safety and efficacy outcomes. We calculated the surface under the cumulative ranking area (SUCRA) to evaluate each mAb, with higher SUCRA values indicating better efficacy or lower likelihood of adverse events. RESULTS: Thirty-three randomized controlled trials with a total of 21,087 patients were included in the current NMA, involving eight different mAbs. SUCRA values showed that aducanumab (87.01% and 99.37%, respectively) was the most likely to achieve the best therapeutic effect based on the changes of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clinical Dementia Rating scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) scores. Donanemab (88.50% and 99.00%, respectively) performed better than other therapies for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) and Positron Emission Tomography-Standardized Uptake Value ratio (PET-SUVr). Lecanemab (87.24%) may be the most promising way to slow down the decrease of Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) score. In the analysis of the incidence of adverse events (subjects with any treatment-emergent adverse event), gantenerumab (89.12%) had the least potential for adverse events, while lecanemab (0.79%) may cause more adverse events. Solanezumab (95.75% and 80.38%, respectively) had the lowest incidence of amyloid-related imaging abnormalities characterized by edema and effusion (ARIA-E) and by cerebral microhemorrhages (ARIA-H) of the included immunotherapies. While SUCRA values provided a comprehensive measure of treatment efficacy, the inherent statistical uncertainty required careful analysis in clinical application. CONCLUSION: Despite immunotherapies significantly increasing the risks of adverse events and ARIA, the data suggest that mAbs can effectively improve the cognitive function of patients with mild and moderate AD. According to the NMA, aducanumab was the most likely to achieve significant improvements in different cognitive and clinical assessments (statistically improved MMSE and CDR-SB), followed by donanemab (statistically improved ADAS-Cog, and PET-SUVr) and lecanemab (statistically improved ADCS-ADL).


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Metanálise em Rede , Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Soc Work Public Health ; 39(2): 141-155, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445907

RESUMO

Research shows that U.S. Latinas are at risk for high rates of postpartum depression (PPD) but have low rates of treatment compared to non-Hispanic White mothers. This study examined the feasibility of a multi-site home-visiting intervention (PST4PPD) conducted by bilingual community health workers (CHW) among low-income Latina mothers. A one-group, pre/posttest design and paired sample's t-test were used to measure changes in depressive symptoms and self-efficacy for participants (n = 76) across five sites. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used to assess depression; the New General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Maternal Efficacy Questionnaire measured general self-efficacy and parenting self-efficacy. Depression scores decreased significantly from pretest to posttest. Participants' general self-efficacy, maternal self-efficacy, and PPD knowledge increased. With a 76% completion rate, demonstrable improvements were seen in participants' depression and self-efficacy. Implications for addressing modifiable factors such as self-efficacy and stress management are discussed.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão Pós-Parto/terapia , Depressão Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Visita Domiciliar , Mães , Hispânico ou Latino , Autoeficácia
12.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(2): 382-395, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) has been demonstrated to make a significant difference in assessing the prognosis of patients with different solid neoplasms. However, research is needed to ascertain the accuracy and reliability of applying the SIRI to patients who undergo robotic radical gastric cancer surgery. AIM: To validate the applicability of the SIRI in assessing the survival of gastric cancer patients and evaluate the clinical contribution of preoperative SIRI levels to predicting long-term tumor outcomes in patients, who received robotic radical gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: Initially, an exhaustive retrieval was performed in the PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases to identify relevant studies. Subsequently, a meta-analysis was executed on 6 cohort studies identifying the value of the SIRI in assessing the survival of gastric cancer patients. Additionally, the clinical data of 161 patients undergoing robotic radical gastric cancer surgery were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate their clinicopathological characteristics and relevant laboratory indicators. The association between preoperative SIRI levels and 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was assessed. RESULTS: The findings demonstrated an extensive connection between SIRI values and the outcome of patients with gastric cancer. Preoperative SIRI levels were identified as an independent hazard feature for both OS and DFS among those who received robotic surgery for gastric cancer. SIRI levels in gastric cancer patients were observed to be associated with the presence of comorbidities, T-stage, carcinoembryonic antigen levels, the development of early serious postoperative complications, and the rate of lymph node metastasis. CONCLUSION: SIRI values are correlated with adverse in the gastric cancer population and have the potential to be utilized in predicting long-term oncological survival in patients who undergo robotic radical gastric cancer surgery.

13.
J Pharm Anal ; 14(2): 196-210, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464782

RESUMO

Adjuvant chemotherapy improves the survival outlook for patients undergoing operations for lung metastases caused by colorectal cancer (CRC). However, a multidisciplinary approach that evaluates several factors related to patient and tumor characteristics is necessary for managing chemotherapy treatment in metastatic CRC patients with lung disease, as such factors dictate the timing and drug regimen, which may affect treatment response and prognosis. In this study, we explore the potential of spatial metabolomics for evaluating metabolic phenotypes and therapy outcomes during the local delivery of the anticancer drug, oxaliplatin, to the lung. 12 male Yorkshire pigs underwent a 3 h left lung in vivo lung perfusion (IVLP) with various doses of oxaliplatin (7.5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/L), which were administered to the perfusion circuit reservoir as a bolus. Biocompatible solid-phase microextraction (SPME) microprobes were combined with global metabolite profiling to obtain spatiotemporal information about the activity of the drug, determine toxic doses that exceed therapeutic efficacy, and conduct a mechanistic exploration of associated lung injury. Mild and subclinical lung injury was observed at 40 mg/L of oxaliplatin, and significant compromise of the hemodynamic lung function was found at 80 mg/L. This result was associated with massive alterations in metabolic patterns of lung tissue and perfusate, resulting in a total of 139 discriminant compounds. Uncontrolled inflammatory response, abnormalities in energy metabolism, and mitochondrial dysfunction next to accelerated kynurenine and aldosterone production were recognized as distinct features of dysregulated metabolipidome. Spatial pharmacometabolomics may be a promising tool for identifying pathological responses to chemotherapy.

14.
Int J Oral Sci ; 16(1): 25, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480698

RESUMO

Human with bi-allelic WNT10A mutations and epithelial Wnt10a knockout mice present enlarged pulp chamber and apical displacement of the root furcation of multi-rooted teeth, known as taurodontism; thus, indicating the critical role of Wnt10a in tooth root morphogenesis. However, the endogenous mechanism by which epithelial Wnt10a regulates Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cellular behaviors and contributes to root furcation patterning remains unclear. In this study, we found that HERS in the presumptive root furcating region failed to elongate at an appropriate horizontal level in K14-Cre;Wnt10afl/fl mice from post-natal day 0.5 (PN0.5) to PN4.5. EdU assays and immunofluorescent staining of cyclin D1 revealed significantly decreased proliferation activity of inner enamel epithelial (IEE) cells of HERS in K14-Cre;Wnt10afl/fl mice at PN2.5 and PN3.5. Immunofluorescent staining of E-Cadherin and acetyl-α-Tubulin demonstrated that the IEE cells of HERS tended to divide perpendicularly to the horizontal plane, which impaired the horizontal extension of HERS in the presumptive root furcating region of K14-Cre;Wnt10afl/fl mice. RNA-seq and immunofluorescence showed that the expressions of Jag1 and Notch2 were downregulated in IEE cells of HERS in K14-Cre;Wnt10afl/fl mice. Furthermore, after activation of Notch signaling in K14-Cre;Wnt10afl/fl molars by Notch2 adenovirus and kidney capsule grafts, the root furcation defect was partially rescued. Taken together, our study demonstrates that an epithelial Wnt10a-Notch signaling axis is crucial for modulating HERS cell proper proliferation and horizontal-oriented division during tooth root furcation morphogenesis.


Assuntos
Raiz Dentária , Dente , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Raiz Dentária/metabolismo , Odontogênese/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Esmalte Dentário , Células Epiteliais , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo
15.
Stem Cell Res ; 77: 103387, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489977

RESUMO

Mitochondrial diseases are disorders caused primarily by mutations in mitochondrial DNA, with the mitochondrial 3243A > G (m.3243A > G) mutation being one of the most common pathogenic mutations. Here, a pluripotent stem cell line with high m.3243A > G mutation load was generated by reprogramming the skin fibroblasts from a patient with mitochondrial disease. This cell line exhibited pluripotency, multilineage differentiation potential and normal karyotype, representing a valuable cell resource for studying the pathogenesis of mitochondrial diseases and screening drugs.

16.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 1235-1248, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496006

RESUMO

Ruminococcus gnavus (R. gnavus) is a gram-positive anaerobe commonly resides in the human gut microbiota. The advent of metagenomics has linked R. gnavus with various diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), obesity, and diabetes mellitus (DM), which has become a growing area of investigation. The initial focus of research primarily centered on assessing the abundance of R. gnavus and its potential association with disease presentation, taking into account variations in sample size, sequencing and analysis methods. However, recent investigations have shifted towards elucidating the underlying mechanistic pathways through which R. gnavus may contribute to disease manifestation. In this comprehensive review, we aim to provide an updated synthesis of the current literature on R. gnavus in the context of IBD, obesity, and DM. We critically analyze relevant studies and summarize the potential molecular mediators implicated in the association between R. gnavus and these diseases. Across numerous studies, various molecules such as methylation-controlled J (MCJ), glucopolysaccharides, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), interleukin(IL)-10, IL-17, and capric acid have been proposed as potential contributors to the link between R. gnavus and IBD. Similarly, in the realm of obesity, molecules such as hydrogen peroxide, butyrate, and UDCA have been suggested as potential mediators, while glycine ursodeoxycholic acid (GUDCA) has been implicated in the connection between R. gnavus and DM. Furthermore, it is imperative to emphasize the necessity for additional studies to evaluate the potential efficacy of targeting pathways associated with R. gnavus as a viable strategy for managing these diseases. These findings have significantly expanded our understanding of the functional role of R. gnavus in the context of IBD, obesity, and DM. This review aims to offer updated insights into the role and potential mechanisms of R. gnavus, as well as potential strategies for the treatment of these diseases.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484929

RESUMO

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious mental health problem that can negatively affect future generations. BDNF/AKT/mTOR signaling in the frontal lobe and hippocampus in mice is associated with depression, but its role in mice with PPD and their offspring is unknown. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of esketamine (ESK), a drug approved for treatment of refractory depression, on the BDNF/AKT/mTOR pathway in mice with PPD and their offspring. A model of chronic unpredictable mild stress with pregnancy was used. ESK was injected into postpartum mice, and behavioral tests were conducted to predict the severity of symptoms at the end of lactation and in the offspring after adulthood. Both mice with PPD and their offspring showed significant anxiety- and depression-like behaviors that were ameliorated with the ESK intervention. ESK enhanced exploratory behavior in unfamiliar environments, increased the preference for sucrose, and ameliorated the impaired BDNF/AKT/mTOR signaling in the frontal and hippocampal regions in mice. Thus, ESK may have great potential in treating PPD and decreasing the incidence of depression in offspring.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Ketamina , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Depressão Pós-Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão Pós-Parto/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Depressão/psicologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(2): 415-423, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523099

RESUMO

Estuarine wetlands exhibit significant interaction between fresh and salt water, with long-term carbon sequestration capability. We set up 60 sampling sites in the reed wetlands of the fresh-salt water interaction zone of the Yellow River Estuary, covering four different zones of the weak-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (WIZ), medium-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (MIZ), high-intensity interaction fresh-salt water zone (HIZ) and strong-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (SIZ). We investigated how fresh-salt water interaction affected the spatial variation of soil organic carbon (SOC) storage. The results showed that the area of reed wetland accounted for 17.8% of the total area of the fresh-salt water interaction zone the Yellow River Estuary, which mainly distributed in the WIZ and MIZ. The SOC content of reed wetland in the fresh-salt water interaction zone ranged from 1.09 to 3.65 g·kg-1, the SOC density was between 1.85-5.84 kg·m-2, and the SOC storage was (17.32±3.64)×104 t. The SOC content and SOC density decreased with increasing fresh-salt water interaction. There were significant differences in surface SOC content between different subzones of the fresh-salt water interaction zone. The surface SOC content decreased significantly with the increases of fresh-salt water interaction intensity. SOC density was positively correlated with SOC, TN, NH4+-N, and biomass, but negatively correlated with salt ions, soil bulk density, pH, and EC. SOC storage in the 0-30 cm soil layer accounted for 50.9%-64.2% of that in the 0-60 cm soil layer, while SOC storage in the 0-60 cm soil layer occupied 19.1%-37.7% of that in the 0-400 cm soil layer. The results could provide a scientific basis for accurately evaluating SOC storage of estuarine wetlands, improving carbon sink function and wetland management.


Assuntos
Rios , Áreas Alagadas , Rios/química , Carbono/análise , Solo/química , Estuários , Cloreto de Sódio , Água , China
19.
Small ; : e2310087, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530052

RESUMO

Simultaneously improving electrochemical activity and stability is a long-term goal for water splitting. Herein, hierarchical N-doped carbon nanotubes on carbon nanowires derived from PPy are grown on carbon cloth, serving as a support for NiCo oxides/sulfides. The hierarchical electrodes annealed in N2 or H2/N2 display improved intrinsic activity and stability for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and glucose oxidation reaction. Compared with Pt/C||Ir/C in alkaline media, the glucose electrolysis assembled with electrodes exhibits a cell voltage of 1.38 V at 10 mA cm-2, durability for >12 h at 50 mA cm-2, and resistance to glucose/gluconic acid poisoning. In addition, electrocatalysts can also be applied in ethanol oxidation reactions. Systematic characterizations reveal the strong interactions between NiCo and N-doped carbon support-induced partial charge transfer at the interface and regulate the local electronic structure of active sites. Density functional theory calculations demonstrate that the synergistic effect between N-doped carbon supports, metallic NiCo, and NiCo oxides/sulfides optimize the adsorption energy of H2O and the H* free energy for HER. The energy barrier of the dehydrogenation of glucose effectively decreased. This work will attract attention to the role of metal-support interactions in enhancing the intrinsic activity and stability of electrocatalysts.

20.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Real-world studies describing biosimilar initiation or switching in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are limited. The aim of this study was to assess treatment patterns and effectiveness of real-world patients with RA initiating infliximab biosimilar IFX-dyyb (CT-P13; Inflectra®) in the USA. METHODS: This observational study evaluated patients with RA from the CorEvitas RA Registry who initiated IFX-dyyb and had Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) recorded at baseline and 6 months. The primary outcome was reaching low disease activity (LDA; CDAI ≤ 10) at 6 months in patients with moderate or high disease activity (CDAI > 10) at baseline. Secondary outcomes were change at 6 months in CDAI and certain patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Patient data were stratified by prior treatment: biologic/targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (tsDMARD)-naïve, reference infliximab (IFX-REF) or IFX biosimilar, or a non-IFX biologic or tsDMARD. RESULTS: Of 318 patients initiating IFX-dyyb, 176 had baseline and 6-month CDAI scores; 73 (41%) switched from IFX, 61 (35%) switched from another non-IFX/biologic/tsDMARD, 32 (18%) were naïve to biologics/tsDMARDs, and 10 (6%) switched from an IFX biosimilar. Among patients with moderate or high disease activity at baseline, 32.9% (95% CI 22.9, 42.9) achieved LDA at 6 months. Mean 6-month change from baseline in CDAI was - 1.8 (95% CI - 3.3, - 0.3) overall; - 4.7 (- 7.6, - 1.7) in patients who switched from a non-IFX biologic/tsDMARD, - 4.1 (- 7.8, - 0.3) in biologic/tsDMARD-naïve patients, and 1.1 (- 0.4, 2.6) in patients who switched from IFX-REF/IFX biosimilar. Other clinical outcomes/PROs improved at 6 months. Of the IFX-dyyb initiators, 68% remained on IFX-dyyb at 6 months. CONCLUSION: In this real-world population of patients with RA initiating IFX-dyyb, the majority switched from IFX-REF or a non-IFX biologic/tsDMARD. CDAI remained stable in patients switching from IFX-REF/IFX biosimilar and improved in patients switching from a non-IFX biologic/tsDMARD and in biologic/tsDMARD-naïve patients.


Infliximab is an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Biosimilars­biologic drugs designed to be very similar to the originator products­are now available that may be more affordable with matching efficacy and safety. IFX-dyyb is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved infliximab biosimilar but little is known about its use in real-world clinical practice in patients with RA in the USA. This study used data from a large observational registry to look at treatment patterns and effectiveness of IFX-dyyb in adults with RA. One hundred and seventy-six patients were included who had data available at both baseline and at 6 months. Most patients (47%) switched to IFX-dyyb from the originator infliximab or another infliximab biosimilar; 35% switched from another RA treatment, and 18% were new to treatment. Six months after starting IFX-dyyb, 68% of patients were still receiving treatment. A measure of clinical disease activity remained stable in patients who switched from originator infliximab or another biosimilar, while this measure improved in patients switching to IFX-dyyb from other treatments or starting treatment for the first time. Other clinical measures and patient-reported outcomes such as pain and fatigue also improved over 6 months with IFX-dyyb. This real-world study of patients with RA initiating IFX-dyyb in the USA adds to our knowledge of the use of biosimilars in this patient population.

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