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1.
J Clin Neurol ; 19(1): 44-51, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The electrophysiologic characteristics of peripheral neuropathy secondary to nitrous oxide (N2O) abuse remain unclear. The paper therefore aimed to summarize the electrophysiologic characteristics of N2O-associated peripheral neuropathy and identify the risk factors of severe nerve injury. METHODS: The electrophysiologic results and clinical data of patients with peripheral neuropathy secondary to N2O abuse at our hospital between 2018 and 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, and their electrophysiologic changes were summarized. RESULTS: Most patients exhibited decreased sensory and motor nerve conduction velocities (75% and 76%), decreased sensory nerve and compound motor action potentials (57% and 59%), and prolonged distal motor latency (59%), while a response was absent in 36%. These findings indicate that N2O abuse can result in generalized injury to sensory and motor nerves. Electrophysiologic results indicated axonal neuropathy in 37 cases (49%), demyelinating peripheral neuropathy in 4 (5%), and mixed neuropathy in 12 (16%). Peripheral nerve injury was more common in the lower limbs (72%) than in the upper limbs (42%, p<0.0001). The upper and lower limbs were primarily affected by sensory nerve demyelination (35%) and motor axonal injury (67%), respectively. Subgroup analysis indicated that longer N2O exposure and longer disease course were associated with more-severe motor axonal injury in the lower limbs. CONCLUSIONS: N2O-associated peripheral neuropathy can lead to sensory and motor nerve injury, with axonal injury being the most common. Injuries were more severe in the lower limbs. Prolonged N2O exposure and disease course increased the severity of motor axonal injury in the lower limbs.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 251: 114553, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680989

RESUMO

The frequent occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms (CYBs) caused by toxic Microcystis aeruginosa poses a great threat to aquatic organisms. Although freshwater benthic bivalves have proven to be capable of uptake high levels of microcystins (MCs) due to their filter-feeding habits, there is a paucity of information concerning their systemic resistance mechanisms to MCs. In this study, the resistance mechanisms in Corbicula fluminea (O. F. Müller, 1774) in response to the exposure of toxic M. aeruginosa were explored through transcriptional analysis combined with histopathological and biochemical phenotypic analysis. Toxic M. aeruginosa exposure caused dose-dependent histological damage in the hepatopancreas. The conjugation reaction catalyzed by glutathione S-transferases was vulnerable to being activated by high concentrations of M. aeruginosa (10 ×105 cells mL-1). Additionally, reactive oxygen species scavenging processes mediated by superoxide dismutase and catalase were active in the initial stage of toxic M. aeruginosa exposure. The results of the integrated biomarker response index suggested that the biotransformation and antioxidant defense system in C. fluminea could be continuously activated after acute exposure to the high concentration of toxic M. aeruginosa. The eggNOG and GO analysis of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) indicated that DEGs were significantly enriched in transporter activity, oxidant detoxification and response to oxidative stress categories, which were consistent with the alterations of biochemical indices. Besides, DEGs were significantly annotated in a few KEGG pathways involved in biotransformation (oxidation, cooxidation and conjugation) and immunoreaction (lysosome and phagosome responses), which could be responsible for the tolerance of C. fluminea to toxic M. aeruginosa. These findings improve our understanding of potential resistance mechanisms of freshwater bivalves to MCs.

3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656265

RESUMO

The biotransformation behavior and toxicity of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in rice and rhizosphere microbiomes were comprehensively studied by hydroponic experiments. OPEs with lower hydrophobicity were liable to be translocated acropetally, and rhizosphere microbiome could reduce the uptake and translocation of OPEs in rice tissues. New metabolites were successfully identified in rice and rhizosphere microbiome, including hydrolysis, hydroxylated, methylated, and glutathione-, glucuronide-, and sulfate-conjugated products. Rhizobacteria and plants could cooperate to form a complex ecological interaction web for OPE elimination. Furthermore, active members of the rhizosphere microbiome during OPE degradation were revealed and the metagenomic analysis indicated that most of these active populations contained OPE-degrading genes. The results of metabolomics analyses for phytotoxicity assessment implied that several key function metabolic pathways of the rice plant were found perturbed by metabolites, such as diphenyl phosphate and monophenyl phosphate. In addition, the involved metabolism mechanisms, such as the carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism and synthesis, and nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli, were significantly altered after exposure to the products mixture of OPEs generated by rhizosphere microbiome. This work for the first time gives a comprehensive understanding of the entire metabolism of OPEs in plants and associated microbiome, and provides support for the ongoing risk assessment of emerging contaminants and, most critically, their transformation products.

4.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 14, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624413

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize the metabolites associated with small- and large-gestational-age newborns in maternal and cord blood, and to investigate potential mechanisms underlying the association between birthweight and metabolic disturbances. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We recorded detailed anthropometric data of mother-offspring dyads. Untargeted metabolomic assays were performed on 67 pairs of cord blood and maternal fasting plasma samples including 16 pairs of small-for-gestational (SGA, < 10th percentile) dyads, 28 pairs of appropriate-for-gestational (AGA, approximate 50 percentile) dyads, and 23 pairs of large-for-gestational (LGA, > 90th percentile) dyads. The association of metabolites with newborn birthweight was conducted to screen for metabolites with U-shaped and line-shaped distributions. The association of metabolites with maternal and fetal phenotypes was also performed. RESULTS: We found 2 types of metabolites that changed in different patterns according to newborn birthweight. One type of metabolite exhibited a "U-shaped" trend of abundance fluctuation in the SGA-AGA-LGA groups. The results demonstrated that cuminaldehyde level was lower in the SGA and LGA groups, and its abundance in cord blood was negatively correlated with maternal BMI (r = -0.352 p = 0.009) and weight gain (r = -0.267 p = 0.043). 2-Methoxy-estradiol-17b 3-glucuronide, which showed enrichment in the SGA and LGA groups, was positively correlated with homocysteine (r = 0.44, p < 0.001) and free fatty acid (r = 0.42, p < 0.001) in maternal blood. Serotonin and 13(S)-HODE were the second type of metabolites, denoted as "line-shaped", which both showed increasing trends in the SGA-AGA-LGA groups in both maternal and cord blood and were both significantly positively correlated with maternal BMI before pregnancy. Moreover, cuminaldehyde, serotonin, 13(S)-HODE and some lipid metabolites showed a strong correlation between maternal and cord blood. CONCLUSIONS: These investigations demonstrate broad-scale metabolomic differences associated with newborn birthweight in both pregnant women and their newborns. The U-shaped metabolites associated with both the SGA and LGA groups might explain the U-shaped association between birthweight and metabolic dysregulation. The line-shaped metabolites might participate in intrauterine growth regulation. These observations might help to provide new insights into the insulin resistance and the risk of metabolic disturbance of SGA and LGA babies in adulthood and might identify potential new markers for adverse newborn outcomes in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Serotonina , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Idade Gestacional
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675162

RESUMO

Oligodontia manifests as a congenital reduction in the number of permanent teeth. Despite the major efforts that have been made, the genetic etiology of oligodontia remains largely unknown. Bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 (BMPR2) variants have been associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the genetic significance of BMPR2 in oligodontia has not been previously reported. In the present study, we identified a novel heterozygous variant (c.814C > T; p.Arg272Cys) of BMPR2 in a family with nonsyndromic oligodontia by performing whole-exome sequencing. In addition, we identified two additional heterozygous variants (c.1042G > A; p.Val348Ile and c.1429A > G; p.Lys477Glu) among a cohort of 130 unrelated individuals with nonsyndromic oligodontia by performing Sanger sequencing. Functional analysis demonstrated that the activities of phospho-SMAD1/5/8 were significantly inhibited in BMPR2-knockout 293T cells transfected with variant-expressing plasmids, and were significantly lower in BMPR2 heterozygosity simulation groups than in the wild-type group, indicating that haploinsufficiency may represent the genetic mechanism. RNAscope in situ hybridization revealed that BMPR2 transcripts were highly expressed in the dental papilla and adjacent inner enamel epithelium in mice tooth germs, suggesting that BMPR2 may play important roles in tooth development. Our findings broaden the genetic spectrum of oligodontia and provide clinical and genetic evidence supporting the importance of BMPR2 in nonsyndromic oligodontia.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Camundongos , Animais , Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar , Anodontia/genética , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo II/genética , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo II/metabolismo , Mutação
6.
Biomed Tech (Berl) ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587948

RESUMO

Implant-associated infection is the main reasons for implant failure. Titanium and titanium alloy are currently the most widely used implant materials. However, they have limited antibacterial performance. Therefore, enhancing the antibacterial ability of implants by surface modification technology has become a trend of research. Tantalum is a potential implant coating material with good biological properties. With the development of surface modification technology, tantalum coating becomes more functional through improvement. In addition to improving osseointegration, its antibacterial performance has also become the focus of attention. In this review, we provide an overview of the latest strategies to improve tantalum antibacterial properties. We demonstrate the potential of the clinical application of tantalum in reducing implant infections by stressing its advantageous properties.

7.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 19(1): 80, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inhibition of hepatic lipogenesis is widely regarded as an effective treatment for metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), although numerous related drugs have failed to reach clinical application. The goal of this study is to identify a novel small compound that can effectively treat MAFLD. METHODS: Primary hepatocytes were first exposed to palmitic acid and oleic acid, then treated with compounds prior to high through screening for cellular lipid content. The efficacy of these compounds was measured by Nile Red staining and triglyceride analysis. The potential cellular toxicity caused by these compounds was evaluated by CCK8 assay. qPCR and Western blot were used to determine expression of RNAs and proteins, respectively. The compound was intraperitoneally injected into diet-induced obese (DIO) mice to examine its efficacy in vivo. RESULTS: We identified the dimethyl 1-methyl-2-thioxoindoline-3,3-dicarboxylate (TOIDC) as a powerful chemical to reduce cellular lipid with minimal cellular toxicity. When injected intraperitoneally, TOIDC effectively ameliorates MAFLD in DIO mice. Mechanically, TOIDC suppresses de novo lipogenesis through inhibiting sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that TOIDC could be a promising lead compound to develop new drugs to treat MAFLD.

8.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(11): 113102, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461427

RESUMO

A new Monte Carlo method has been implemented to describe the angular and polarization distributions of anisotropic liquids, such as water and linear alkylbenzene (LAB), by considering orientational fluctuations of polarizability tensors. The scattered light of anisotropic liquids is depolarized with an angular distribution of 1 + (1 - ρv)/(1 + 3ρv) cos2 θ, which is modified by the depolarization ratio ρv. A standalone experiment has validated the simulation results of LAB. The new method can provide more accurate knowledge on light propagation in large liquid detectors, which is beneficial to the development of reconstruction for detectors.

9.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496762

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of synthetic soybean isoflavones (ISO) on the proliferation and related gene expression of sow mammary gland cells. Cells were cultured with 0 (control), 10, 20, or 30 µM of ISO under incubation conditions. After a 48 h incubation, these ISO-incubated cells proliferated more (p < 0.05) than the control cells. Cyclin E expression was higher (p < 0.05) in the 10 µM ISO and 20 µM ISO treatment groups than in the control group. Cyclin D1 and p21 expressions decreased (p < 0.05) with the 10 µM ISO treatment for 48 h. The relative mRNA abundances of the cells' IG-1R (Insulin-like growth factor-1R), EGFR (Epidermal growth factor receptor), STAT3 (Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) and AKT (protein kinase B) were enhanced (p < 0.05) by the 20 µM ISO treatment for 24 h and 48 h in the medium. The relative mRNA abundances of κ-casein at 48 h of incubation and ß-casein at 24 h and 48 h of incubation were increased (p < 0.05) by 10 µM of ISO supplementation. It was concluded that ISO improved the proliferation of sow mammary gland cells, possibly by regulating cyclins and function genes expression in the cell proliferation signaling pathway.

10.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552944

RESUMO

The goal of the current study was to identify the pathogenic gene variant in a Chinese family with Blepharocheilodontic (BCD) syndrome. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing were used to identify the pathogenic gene variant. The harmfulness of the variant was predicted by bioinformatics. We identified a novel heterozygous missense variant c.1198G>A (p.Asp400Asn) in the CDH1 gene in the proband and his mother with BCD syndrome. The sequencing results of three healthy individuals in this family are wild type. This result is consistent with familial co-segregation. According to ReVe, REVEL, CADD, gnomAD, dbSNP, and the classification of pathogenic variants with the standards of the 2015 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG), c.1198G>A (p.Asp400Asn) is predicted to be a likely pathogenic. We observed that variant c.1198G>A (p.Asp400Asn) was located in the extracellular cadherin-type repeats in CDH1. Amino acid sequence alignment of the CDH1 protein among multiple species showed that Asp400 was highly evolutionarily conserved. The conformational analysis showed that this variant might cause structural damage to the CDH1 protein. Phenotypic analysis revealed unique dental phenotypes in patients with BCD syndrome, such as oligodontia, conical-shaped teeth, and notching of the incisal edges. Our results broaden the variation spectrum of BCD syndrome and phenotype spectrum of CDH1, which can help with the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and genetic counseling in relation to BCD syndrome.

11.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553094

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to identify the pathogenic gene variants in patients with odonto-onycho-dermal dysplasia syndrome (OODD) or nonsyndromic tooth agenesis. Four unrelated individuals with tooth agenesis and their available family members were recruited. Peripheral blood was collected from four probands and five family members. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger sequencing were used to identify the pathogenic gene variants. The harmfulness of these variations was predicted by bioinformatics. We identified four biallelic variants of the WNT10A gene in four patients, respectively: the proband#660: c.1176C > A (p.Cys392*) and c.812G > A (p.Cys271Tyr); the proband#681: c.637G > A (p.Gly213Ser) and c.985C > T (p.Arg329*); the proband#829: c.511C > T (p.Arg171Cys) and c.637G > A (p.Gly213Ser); and the proband#338: c.926A> G (p.Gln309Arg) and c.511C > T (p.Arg171Cys). Among them, two variants (c.812G > A; p.Cys271Tyr and c.985C > T; p.Arg329*) were previously unreported. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the pathogenicity of these six variants was different. Tertiary structure analysis showed that these variants were predicted to cause structural damage to the WNT10A protein. Genotype-phenotype analysis showed that the biallelic variants with more harmful effects, such as nonsense variants, caused OODD syndrome (#660 Ⅱ-1) or severe nonsyndromic tooth agenesis (NSTA) (#681 Ⅱ-1); the biallelic variants with less harmful effects, such as missense variants, caused a mild form of NSTA (#829 Ⅱ-2 and #338 Ⅱ-1). Individuals with a heterozygous variant presented a mild form of NSTA or a normal state. Our results further suggest the existence of the dose dependence of WNT10A pathogenicity on the tooth agenesis pattern, which broadens the variation spectrum and phenotype spectrum of WNT10A and could help with clinical diagnosis, treatment, and genetic counseling.

12.
Clin Chim Acta ; 539: 250-258, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) patients have unique clinical manifestations and need individualized treatments. We identified novel serum metabolic biomarkers to distinguish MODY and explore the possible mechanism of the clinical manifestation and complications of MODY. METHODS: Fasting serum samples were collected from MODY3 (n = 17), MODY2 (n = 33), type 1 diabetes (T1DM) (n = 34) and healthy individuals (n = 30), and were analyzed using the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) metabolomic platform. RESULTS: 4 metabolites were found significantly fluctuated between groups, including glycerophosphocholine, LysoPC(18:2(9Z,12Z)), sphinganine and l-Phenylalanine. Glycerophosphocholine was selected as a diagnostic biomarker. The the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for distinguishing MODYs from healthy controls and differentiating MODY3 from T1DM reached 1.0. The combination of metabolites also gained good diagnostic value. The AUC of the combination of LysoPC(18:2(9Z,12Z)), sphinganine and l-Phenylalanine for discriminating MODY3 from T1DM was 0.983. Besides, the combination of clinical indices and metabolites helped to better differentiate the 2 MODY subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the metabolic profiles of MODY2 and MODY3 and found promising biomarkers for distinguishing MODY from T1DM, which provides evidence for the pathogenesis and characteristic clinical manifestations of patients with MODY2 and MODY3.

13.
Front Genet ; 13: 1063119, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568401

RESUMO

Background: Numerous studies have revealed that the long non-coding RNA LINC00662 is irregularly expressed in various cancers, as well as is correlated with cancer development and progression. Nevertheless, the clinical value of LINC00662 remains controversial. Hence, we explored the correlation of LINC00662 with cancer prognosis through meta-analysis and bioinformatics analysis. Methods: From the beginning through 12 March 2022, we searched for correlational studies on Web of Science, Embase, PubMed and The Cochrane Library. We used pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to determine the significance of studies on survival outcomes and clinicopathological aspects in human cancers. Additionally, the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database was employed to confirm our findings. Results: Our meta-analysis of 14 studies comprising a total of 960 cancer patients revealed that LINC00662 overexpression was correlated with poor overall survival (HR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.49-2.45, p < 0.001) in cancer patients and relapse-free survival (HR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.19-3.76, p = 0.010) in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. The correlation between LINC00662 and OS was further supported by the results of subgroup analyses according to cancer type, follow-up time, HR availability, and NOS score. In addition, LINC00662 overexpression predicted advanced tumor stage (OR = 4.23, 95% CI 2.50-7.17, p < 0.001), larger tumor size (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.11-1.99, p = 0.008), earlier lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.40, 95% CI 1.25-4.59, p = 0.008), and earlier distant metastasis (OR = 4.78, 95% CI 2.57-8.88, p < 0.001). However, there were no statistically significant differences in age (OR = 1.16, 95% CI 0.90-1.51, p = 0.246), gender (OR = 1.10, 95% CI 0.79-1.53, p = 0.578), or differentiation grade (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 0.71-3.33, p = 0.280). Conclusion: LINC00662 expression upregulation is associated with poor prognosis and advanced clinicopathological features in patients with multiple tumors. LINC00662 may serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with tumors.

14.
Nutrients ; 14(23)2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501152

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association between metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and carotid plaque. In this cross-sectional survey, 3467 steelworkers in North China were surveyed. There are two criteria for defining a carotid plaque: (1) the lesion structure exceeds 50% of the peripheral intima-media thickness value or invades the arterial lumen by at least 0.5 mm; (2) a thickness > 1.5 mm from the intima-lumen interface to the media-adventitia interface. Metabolic health was defined as the nonexistence of one of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) diagnostic criteria for metabolic abnormalities. Obesity was defined as having a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. To calculate the odds ratio (OR) for the prevalence carotid plaque, a logistic regression was used for the analysis. The prevalence of carotid plaque in the subjects was 14.3% for metabolically healthy non-obesity (MHNO), 32.4% for MHO, 18.9% for metabolically unhealthy non-obesity (MUNO), and 46.8% for metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO). The odds ratios for suffering from carotid plaque were 1.27 (95% CI: 0.69 to 2.32) for MHO, 1.83 (95% CI: 1.29 to 2.58) for MUNO, and 1.81 (1.28 to 2.56) for MUO in comparison with MHNO after adjusting for confounders. There was no association between the MHO phenotype and carotid plaque prevalence among steelworkers in North China.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/epidemiologia , Inflamação , Índice de Massa Corporal
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499139

RESUMO

Mutations in the extracellular matrix protein eyes shut homolog (EYS) are a common cause of retinitis pigmentosa, a blinding disease characterized by photoreceptor degeneration. EYS binds to matriglycan, a carbohydrate modification on O-mannosyl glycan substitutions of the cell-surface glycoprotein α-dystroglycan. Patients with mutations in enzymes required for the biosynthesis of matriglycan exhibit syndromic retinal atrophy, along with brain malformations and congenital muscular dystrophy. Protein O-mannosyltransferase 2 (POMT2) is an enzyme required for the synthesis of O-mannosyl glycans. To evaluate the roles of O-mannosyl glycans in photoreceptor health, we generated protein O-mannosyltransferase 2 (pomt2) mutant zebrafish by CRISPR. pomt2 mutation resulted in a loss of matriglycan and abolished binding of EYS protein to α-dystroglycan. Mutant zebrafish presented with hydrocephalus and hypoplasia of the cerebellum, as well as muscular dystrophy. EYS protein was enriched near photoreceptor connecting cilia in the wild-type, but its presence and proper localization was significantly reduced in mutant animals. The mutant retina exhibited mis-localization of opsins and increased apoptosis in both rod and cone photoreceptors. Immunofluorescence intensity of G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 (GNAT2) antibody (a general cone marker) and 1D4 antibody (a long double cone marker) in mutant retinas did not differ from wild-type retinas at 1-month post fertilization, but was reduced at 6 months post fertilization, indicating significant cone degeneration. These data suggest that POMT2-mediated O-mannosyl glycosylation is required for EYS protein localization to the connecting cilium region and photoreceptor survival.


Assuntos
Distrofias Musculares , Degeneração Retiniana , Retinite Pigmentosa , Animais , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Distroglicanas/genética , Distroglicanas/metabolismo , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/metabolismo , Retinite Pigmentosa/genética , Degeneração Retiniana/genética , Degeneração Retiniana/metabolismo , Distrofias Musculares/metabolismo
16.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556699

RESUMO

Magnetorheological dampers (MRD) are increasingly used in smart structural damping systems due to their good damping properties. In practical applications, as a nonlinear device, the parameters of the internal excitation coil of the magnetorheological damper will change during operation under the influence of the temperature and external environment, deteriorating the dynamic performance of the output current of the driver and reducing the damping effect of the system. Therefore, the current driver needs to be optimized for this phenomenon in order to ensure accurate current output. In this paper, a mathematical model of the buck circuit combined with the MRD equivalent circuit is established, and after analyzing the model, the parameters of the PI controller are rectified to lay the foundation for the design of the adaptive law. Then, with the help of the fuzzy control method, a fuzzy PI control strategy for MRD current driver is established, which enables the current driving system to adjust the control parameters adaptively when the MRD parameters change and ensure the accurate driving current output. The experimental results demonstrate that the fuzzy PI control strategy has a stronger robustness in the face of parameter changes of the control object compared with the traditional PI control at a system parameter change rate of 40%.

17.
Behav Brain Res ; : 114209, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated brain activity associated with executive control attention network in elite, expert, and novice female ice hockey athletes during the revised lateralized attention network tast to determine whether the neural correlates of performance differ by skill level. METHODS: We collected and analyzed functional near-infrared spectroscopy data of 38 participants while performing the revised lateralized attention network tast. RESULTS: Elite players were significantly faster than novices (p=.005), and the experts' overall accuracy rate (ACC) was higher than that of novices (p=.001). The effect of the executive network on reaction time was higher in novices than in elite players (p=.008) and experts (p=.004). The effect of the executive network on the ACC was lower in elite players than in experts (p=.009) and novices (p=.010). Finally, elite player had higher flanker conflict effects on RT (p=.005) under the invalid cue condition. the effect of the alertness network and orientation on the ACC was lower in elite players than in novices (p=.000) and experts (p=.022). Changes in the blood oxygen level-dependent signal related to the flanker effect were significantly different in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (F=3.980, p=.028) and right inferior frontal gyrus (F=3.703, p=.035) among the three groups. Elit players showed more efficient executive control (reduced conflict effect on ACC) (p=.006)in the RH.The changes related to the effect of blood oxygen level on orienting were significantly different in the right frontal eye fields (F=3.883, p=.030) among the three groups, Accompanied by significant activation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex(p=.026). CONCLUSION: Our findings provide partial evidence of the superior cognitive performance and high neural efficiency of elite ice hockey players during cognitive tasks. These results demonstrate the right hemisphere superiority for executive control.We also found that specific brain activation in hockey players does not show a clear and linear relationship with skill level.

18.
Front Genet ; 13: 951224, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425072

RESUMO

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play important roles in the aetiology and pathogenesis of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not understood. We analysed a public GEO dataset, GSE89632, to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in MAFLD. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to reveal the core gene regulation network and to explore the PUFA-related hub genes in MAFLD. We experimentally verified these genes by quantitative reverse transcription PCR in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. A total of 286 common DEGs (89 upregulated; 197 downregulated), mostly related to inflammatory and immune responses, were identified. Six modules were constructed using WGCNA, and 2 modules showed significant correlations with PUFAs. After combining these 2 modules with DEGs, the top 10 hub genes were identified. We further established a MAFLD mouse model with liver steatosis, as proved by HE and Oil Red O staining. Of the hub genes, ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif 1 (adamts1) (p = 0.005) and transforming growth factor ß3 (tgfß3) (p < 0.001) showed significantly lower mRNA expression in MAFLD in vivo. adamts1 and tgfß3 bridged PUFAs and MAFLD, which might be potential causative genes and therapeutic targets of MAFLD.

19.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although Roussouly classification has been widely used in spinal surgery, it was mainly applied to degenerative scoliosis patients and correlational studies concerning adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are still insufficient. This retrospective study explored the clinical application of Roussouly classification in surgeries and prognosis prediction for AIS. METHODS: This clinical research selected 101 AIS patients who received surgeries between August 2005 and November 2019. Whole spine standing radiographs were obtained for each patient preoperatively, postoperatively, and at the last follow-up (>24 months). All patients were classified into "theoretical types" and "current types." Patients were further divided into mismatch or match groups based on the consistency of their current type and theoretical type. The main parameters include: proximal junctional angle (PJA), pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), fixed thoracic kyphosis (TK), global TK, fixed lumbar lordosis (LL), global LL, thoracic tilt, proximal thoracic alignment (PTA), lumbar tilt, spino-sacral angle (SSA), and spinal tilt (ST). RESULTS: A total of 47.5% of AIS patients were subject to a preoperative mismatch of Roussouly classification. There was a significant difference in PI-LL between the preoperative mismatch and match groups (p = 0.008). There was a significant difference in the rate of PI-LL deformity between the match and mismatch groups with a preoperative mismatch (p = 0.037). A significant difference in thoracic tilt was observed between the postoperative mismatch and match groups (p = 0.019). The preoperative mismatch group has a higher risk of postoperative PI-LL malformation than match group (OR = 2.303, 95% CI: 1.026, 5.165). When mismatch occurred postoperatively, there were significant differences between groups in the rate of pelvic deformity (p = 0.002) and PI-LL deformity (p = 0.025) at the last follow-up. Compared with the postoperative match group, mismatch group had an increased risk of pelvic deformity (OR = 5.029, 95% CI: 1.618, 15.629) and PJK deformity (OR = 3.017, 95% CI: 1.709, 11.375) at the last follow-up. Short Form-36 and Scoliosis Research Society 22 score of the match group was significantly higher than that of the mismatch group at the last follow-up. CONCLUSION: The Roussouly classification mismatch before or after operation leads to increased risks of PI-LL deformity and pelvis deformity postoperatively or at the follow-up, which seriously worsens the clinical symptoms and prognosis of patients. Therefore, recovering to the theoretical type in Roussouly classification may effectively improve patients' prognosis.

20.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 348-355, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414560

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of Cav1.2 and its possible mechanism in the apoptosis of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons(SGNs) induced by cisplatin (CDDP) in C57BL/6J mice. Methods: Animal experiment: 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into the following two groups (10 mice/group) : normal saline group (Control group) and Cisplatin group (Cisplatin group). The Control group received daily intraperitoneal injections of normal saline, Cisplatin group was injected with cisplatin intraperitoneally at a dose of 3 mg/kg at the first 4 days of each cycle, and normal saline was injected daily at the last 10 days,repeat for 3 cycles. After administration, auditory threshold was detected by auditory brainstem response (ABR). Blood samples were collected from inner canthus of mice, and cochlea was cut off from neck. SOD and MDA kits were used to detect SOD activity and MDA content in serum and cochlea tissues. The expressions of apoptosis proteins in cochlear tissues were detected by Western blot. Morphological changes of spiral ganglion in mouse cochlea were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. TUNEL staining was used to observe the apoptosis of SGNs in cochlea of mice. The distribution and expression of Cav1.2 in SGNs of cochlea were observed by immunofluorescence. Cell experiment: Primary cultured SGNs were randomly divided into: control group (Control), solvent group (DMSO), Cav1.2 blocker group (N), cisplatin group, cisplatin and Cav1.2 blocker co-incubation group (Cisplatin+N). 5 µmol/L cisplatin was selected to treat SGNs based on the results of CCK8. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Cav1.2.and apoptotic proteins. Hoechst33342 staining was used to observe the apoptosis of each group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of each group. Mitochondrial superoxide indicator (MitoSOXTM-Red) was used to detect the ROS release of mitochondria. Results: Animal experiments: Compared to the Control group, the hearing threshold was increased in Cisplatin group (P<0.01), the content of MDA in serum and cochlea tissues, apoptosis protein Cleaved caspase-3, Bax protein level, TUNEL positive rate, Cav1.2 protein expression level were increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01); the activity of SOD in serum and cochlear tissue, anti-apoptotic protein bcl-2 protein level and SGCs density in cochlear tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Cell tests: Compared with the Control group, the expression of Cav1.2, apoptosis rate, Cleaved caspase-3, Bax protein level, intracellular calcium ion concentration, and ROS release were increased significantly only in Cisplatin group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The levels of bcl-2 protein and mitochondrial membrane potential were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Cav1.2 blockers could partially reverse the above changes (P<0.05). Conclusion: Cisplatin may increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration through up-regulation of Cav1.2, and then damage mitochondria, causing oxidative stress injury of SGNs and inducing neuronal apoptosis.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Gânglio Espiral da Cóclea , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Gânglio Espiral da Cóclea/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Solução Salina , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Cóclea/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neurônios , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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