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1.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the remarkable effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT), recent randomized controlled trials indicate that up to half of patients with large core infarction have a very poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 5-6 at 90 days). This study investigates the combined effect of Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and age on very poor outcome in patients with large core infarction treated with EVT. METHODS: This subanalysis of the MAGIC registry, which is a prospective, multicenter cohort study of early treatment in acute stroke, focused on patients with ASPECTS ≤5 presenting within 24 hours of stroke onset and receiving CT followed by EVT from November 1, 2021 to February 8, 2023. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the independent and joint association of ASPECTS and age with very poor outcome. RESULTS: Among the 490 patients (57.3% men; median (IQR) age 69 (59-78) years), very poor outcome occurred more frequently in those with lower ASPECTS (65.2% in ASPECTS 0-2 vs 43.4% in ASPECTS 3-5; P<0.001). The predictive value of successful recanalization for very poor outcome was significant in patients with ASPECTS 3-5 (P=0.010), but it diminished in those with ASPECTS 0-2 (P=0.547). Compared with patients with ASPECTS 3-5 and age ≤69 years, the risk of a very poor outcome increased incrementally in those with lower ASPECTS, advanced age, or both (P<0.05). Graphical plot analysis showed a significantly lower probability of very poor outcome in younger patients (≤69 years) compared with older patients (>69 years) across all ASPECTS points. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest prioritizing young patients as candidates for EVT in those with ASPECTS 0-2.

2.
JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440

RESUMO

Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: ChiCTR.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
3.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 24, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) reflects a true acute hyperglycemic state during acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO). We aimed to investigate the association between SHR and short-term and long-term outcomes in patients with ABAO receiving endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: We selected patients treated with EVT from the BASILAR study, a nationwide prospective registry. A total 250 patients with documented glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) values at admission were included. SHR was calculated as the ratio of glucose/HbA1C. All 250 patients completed 90 days of follow-up and 234 patients (93.6%) completed 1 year of follow-up. The primary outcome was the favorable outcome defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤ 3 at 90 days. Safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage. RESULTS: Among the 250 patients included, patients with higher tertiles of SHR were associated with decreased odds of a favorable functional outcome at 90 days (adjusted OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.56; P = 0.001 and adjusted OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.80; P = 0.01; respectively) and 1 year (adjusted OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.16-0.73; P = 0.006 and adjusted OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.18-0.82; P = 0.01; respectively) after adjusting for confounding covariates. The mortality was comparable across tertiles of SHR groups at 90 days and 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that SHR was associated with a decreased probability of favorable functional outcome both at 90 days and 1 year after EVT in patients with ABAO. The relationship was more pronounced in non-diabetes patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR1800014759 (November 12, 2013).


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hiperglicemia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Glucose , Hospitalização , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombectomia
4.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 29: 10760296231184219, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37386776

RESUMO

Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of older adult patients with acute anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion (LVO) who underwent mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Therefore, we investigated the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO in older adults. We enrolled patients with acute anterior circulation LVO from May 2018 to October 2021 in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into older (≥80 years) and young (<80 years) groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses determined the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO. We divided 1182 patients with acute ischemic stroke into young (18-79 years; 1028 patients) and older (≥80 years; 154 patients) groups. Compared with the young group, the older group had more unfavorable functional outcomes and increased mortality (P = .003). In the older adult patients, lower initial NIHSS score and higher ASPECTS were correlated with good outcomes. On the contrary, higher initial NIHSS score and lower ASPECTS were related to increased mortality. No difference was detected in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 h between two groups. Increasing age was associated with lower rates of favorable functional outcomes and higher mortality rates. The lower initial NIHSS score combined with the higher ASPECTS may predict functional outcomes post-thrombectomy in older adults.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Trombectomia
5.
J Neurosurg ; 139(6): 1715-1721, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Authors of this study aimed to evaluate the effects of collateral status on the prognostic value of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO) due to large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA). METHODS: The study included 312 patients from the BASILAR (Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study) registry who had undergone EVT for acute BAO due to LAA and whose composite collateral scores were available. The effects of collateral status on EVT were assessed based on the composite collateral score (0-2 vs 3-5). The primary outcome was a favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of 0-3) at 90 days. RESULTS: The composite collateral score was 0-2 in 130 patients and 3-5 in 182. A good collateral status (composite collateral score 3-5) was associated with a favorable outcome (66/182 [36.3%] vs 31/130 [23.8%], adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.21, 95% CI 1.18-4.14, p = 0.014). A lower baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was an independent predictor of a favorable outcome in the poor collateral status group (aOR 0.91, 95% CI 0.87-0.96, p = 0.001). In the good collateral status group, there was a significant correlation between favorable outcomes and a younger age (aOR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99, p = 0.016), lower baseline NIHSS score (aOR 0.89, 95% CI 0.85-0.93, p < 0.001), lower proportion of diabetes mellitus (aOR 0.31, 95% CI 0.13-0.75, p = 0.009), and shorter procedure time (aOR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-1.00, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: A good collateral status was a strong prognostic factor after EVT in patients with BAO underlying LAA. A shorter procedure time was associated with favorable outcomes in patients with a good collateral status.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Aterosclerose , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar , Humanos , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
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