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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 246: 118962, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007642

RESUMO

A novel three-dimensional luminescence Cd-MOF sensor with the molecular formula {[(CH3)2NH2]2 Cd3(ptptc)2} (complex 1) has been synthesized by using terphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4ptptc) and Cd(NO3)2·4H2O under solvothermal conditions. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that complex 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic system C2/c space group and consists of one-dimensional channels. Complex 1 exhibits characteristic fluorescence emission (λem = 380 nm) both in solid state and solvents upon excitation at 300 nm. Real-time fluorescence quenching of complex 1 was observed in the fluorescence sensing of acetone vapor and picric acid. Intriguingly, ppm scale detection limit for acetone vapor in air and nano-mole scale detection limit for picric acid in water were observed. Moreover, good reusability and liner/nonlinear relationships were observed in the fluorescent titration.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123513, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717545

RESUMO

Water pollution still poses significant threats to the ecosystem and human health today. The adsorption, advanced oxidation and membranes filtration have been extensively investigated and utilized for aquatic contaminants remediation, and their efficiency is closely correlated with the advanced materials design and fabrication (e.g. adsorbents, catalysts and membranes). Thanks to uniform deposition, three-dimensional conformity and process controllability, the atomic layer deposition (ALD) has emerged as a promising strategy for fabrication of these multifunctional materials, arising their successful application in aquatic contaminants remediation. Therefore, a timely review on ALD-based water treatment materials is highly important to summarize the current opportunity and elucidate unaddressed problems in this field. Herein, in this review, the advantages of ALD process, the superiority of ALD-based materials and the corresponding decontamination performance were analyzed comprehensively, highlighting key advantages offered by this technology.

3.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201417

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety-related syndrome, is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. The present study investigated whether predator scent (PS) stress, a model of PTSD, induces sensitization of hypertension and anxiety-like behaviors and underlying mechanisms related to renin-angiotensin systems (RAS) and inflammation. Coyote urine, as a PS stressor, was used to model PTSD. After PS exposures, separate cohorts of rats were studied for hypertensive response sensitization (HTRS), anxiety-like behaviors, and changes in plasma levels and mRNA expression of several components of the RAS and proinflammatory cytokines (PICs) in the lamina terminalis (LT), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and amygdala (AMY). Rats exposed to PS as compared to control animals exhibited (1) a significantly greater hypertensive response (i.e., HTRS) when challenged with a slow-pressor dose of angiotensin (ANG) II, (2) significant decrease in locomotor activity and increase in time spent in the closed arms of a plus maze as well as general immobility (i.e., behavioral signs of increased anxiety), (3) upregulated plasma levels of ANG II and interleukin-6, and (4) increased expression of message for components of the RAS and PICs in key brain nuclei. All the PS-induced adverse effects were blocked by pretreatment with either an angiotensin-converting enzyme antagonist or a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor. The results suggest that PS, used as an experimental model of PTSD, sensitizes ANG II-induced hypertension and produces behavioral signs of anxiety, probably through upregulation of RAS components and inflammatory markers in plasma and brain areas associated with anxiety and blood pressure control.

4.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 666, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the secondary sex ratio (SSR) of offspring in assisted reproduction technology (ART) in Jilin Province, China, and to analyse the influencing factors associated with SSR. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3833 babies including singletons and twins born to 2990 couples treated by ART between May 2011 and December 2018 was performed. RESULTS: The main outcomes of this study were that the SSR of ART babies in Jilin Province was 50.64% and the SSR was associated with fertilization methods (p < 0.05). Comparing to in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (OR = 0.808, 95%CI: 0.681-0.958) decreased the percentage of male babies. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the SSR of ART births in Jilin Province was lower than the normal level and ICSI had a significant effect on SSR. Though we need more samples to study in the future, we still need to think about the impact of ICSI on SSR in ART.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241566, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the quality of reporting of cranial irradiation (CR) techniques in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of primary brain tumors. METHODS: We searched PubMed and EMBASE for RCTs of primary brain tumors, published from January 1999 to November 2019 which included CR as one of the intervention arms. We assessed the initial RCTs report on whether they reported the prespecified ten criteria for CR technique adequately. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine the factors that were predictive of adequate quality of reporting. RESULTS: We found 85 eligible trial reports. There was significant variability in the quality of reporting among the included studies. Total radiotherapy (RT) dose and fractionation schedule were reported adequately in more than 90% of the included trials. The organs at risk dose constraints, treatment verification procedures and presence or absence of deviations in RT treatment planning and delivery were reported adequately in less than 30% of included trials. Twenty-three trials (27%) reported seven criteria or more adequately. Multivariable analysis showed that trials conducted by cooperative groups, published RT quality assurance results and having a low risk of bias in the methodological quality have higher odds of having adequate quality in reporting of CR technique (judged as adequate reporting in seven criteria or more). CONCLUSIONS: The quality of reporting on CR techniques in the RCTs of primary brain tumors is variable and suboptimal. Guidelines should be introduced to improve clarity and ensure consistency in the quality of reporting.

6.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199829

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer (EC) is a serious digestive malignancy which remains the sixth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Emerging evidence suggests the involvement of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the tumorigenesis of EC and thus, in this study we explored the potential effects of lncRNA LINC01270 on EC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and, drug resistance via regulation of glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) methylation. First, we screened out the EC-related differentially expressed lncRNAs, and the expression of our top candidate LINC01270 was quantified in EC tissues and cells. To define the role of LINC01270 in EC progression, we evaluated the proliferation, migration and invasion of EC cells when the LINC01270 was overexpressed or knocked down, in the presence of the GSTP1 methylation inhibitor SGI-1027 and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In addition, interaction between LINC01270 and methylation of the GSTP1 promoter was identified. Finally, we assessed transplantable tumor growth in nude mice. LINC01270 was up-regulated and GSTP1 was down-regulated in EC tissues and cells. Silencing of LINC01270 inhibited migration and invasion, and enhanced the sensitivity of 5-FU in EC cells. We found that LINC01270 recruited the DNA methyltransferases DNMT1, DNMT3A and DNMT3B initiating GSTP1 promoter methylation, thereby leading to the proliferation, migration, invasion and drug resistance of EC cells. Moreover, GSTP1 overexpression was observed to reverse the effects of LINC01270 overexpression on EC cells and their response to 5-FU. Taken together, this study shows that inhibition of LINC01270 can lead to suppression of EC progression via demethylation of GSTP1, highlighting this lncRNA as a potential target for EC treatment.

7.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200603

RESUMO

Graphene on SiO2 enables fabrication of Si-technology-compatible devices, but a transfer of these devices from other substrates and direct growth have severe limitations due to a relatively small grain size or device-contamination. Here, we show an efficient, transfer-free way to integrate centimeter-scale, single-crystal graphene, of a quality suitable for electronic devices, on an insulating SiO2 film. Starting with single-crystal graphene grown epitaxially on Ru(0001), a SiO2 film is grown under the graphene by stepwise intercalation of silicon and oxygen. Thin (∼1 nm) crystalline or thicker (∼2 nm) amorphous SiO2 has been produced. The insulating nature of the thick amorphous SiO2 is verified by transport measurements. The device-quality of the corresponding graphene was confirmed by the observation of Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations, an integer quantum Hall effect, and a weak antilocalization effect within in situ fabricated Hall bar devices. This work provides a reliable platform for applications of large-scale, high-quality graphene in electronics.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between ocular biometrics (OB) and myopia onset. METHODS: OB data from students in 4 grades (aged from 6 to 14 years) in China were collected in a 1.5-year longitudinal study. Refractive error was assessed with cycloplegic autorefraction. RESULTS: At baseline, 934 (56.33%) of the subjects (right eye) had myopia. The mean spherical equivalent (SE) and axial length to corneal radius (AL/CR) were - 2.14 ± 1.49 and 3.14 ± 0.11, respectively, in the subjects with myopia and - 0.09 ± 0.21 and 2.98 ± 0.07, respectively, in the subjects without myopia. The correlation between the SE and AL/CR was r = - 0.823 (P < 0.001). The slopes of the SE changing with the AL/CR (and R-squares) were - 0.28 to - 1.80 (0.01-0.14) in the no myopia group, - 3.40 to - 6.20 (0.20-0.48) in the low myopia group, and - 3.37 to - 11.34 (0.16-0.74) in the moderate and high myopia groups. The baseline AL/CR values in grades 1, 3, and 5 were higher in those who developed myopia within 1.5 years. The odds ratio of the AL/CR to myopia onset in 1.5 years was 1.096 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.060-1.135). CONCLUSIONS: Of the five indicators, the AL/CR showed the best correlation with the SE. The adjoint and linear relationship between the AL/CR and the SE tended to increase with SE progression. When myopia progressed beyond a certain range, the AL/CR was significantly different in those without initial myopia who developed it within 1.5 years compared with those who did not. After adjusting for age, sex, school, and grade, the interpretation capability of the current AL/CR to myopia onset in 1.5 years was limited.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180736

RESUMO

In this article, we present a novel lightweight path for deep residual neural networks. The proposed method integrates a simple plug-and-play module, i.e., a convolutional encoder-decoder (ED), as an augmented path to the original residual building block. Due to the abstract design and ability of the encoding stage, the decoder part tends to generate feature maps where highly semantically relevant responses are activated, while irrelevant responses are restrained. By a simple elementwise addition operation, the learned representations derived from the identity shortcut and original transformation branch are enhanced by our ED path. Furthermore, we exploit lightweight counterparts by removing a portion of channels in the original transformation branch. Fortunately, our lightweight processing does not cause an obvious performance drop but brings a computational economy. By conducting comprehensive experiments on ImageNet, MS-COCO, CUB200-2011, and CIFAR, we demonstrate the consistent accuracy gain obtained by our ED path for various residual architectures, with comparable or even lower model complexity. Concretely, it decreases the top-1 error of ResNet-50 and ResNet-101 by 1.22% and 0.91% on the task of ImageNet classification and increases the mmAP of Faster R-CNN with ResNet-101 by 2.5% on the MS-COCO object detection task. The code is available at https://github.com/Megvii-Nanjing/ED-Net.

11.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179698

RESUMO

A facile and efficient strategy for the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridazines and pyridazines through I2-promoted [4 + 2] cycloaddition of in situ generated azoalkenes with enaminones has been developed. The switch in selectivity is attributed to the judicious choice of different reaction temperatures. The key features of this work include controllable and selective synthesis, good functional group tolerance, good to excellent reaction yields, metal/base-free conditions, and also applicability to one-pot methodology.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(19): 4545-4554, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164417

RESUMO

In the theories of empirical identification of "arguments on quality" and "five elephants and seven originals", color is regarded as one of the important indicators in the quality evaluation of Chinese medicine. The color of medicinal material including the surface color, the internal color, and the color after processing is caused by the pigment in the cells, which is a characteristic of the "optimal shape". Most pigments have a wide range of pharmacological activities such as anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, anti-atherosclerosis, prevention of coronary heart disease, protection of cardiovascular function, enhancement of immunity, etc. Therefore, the "optimal color" of medicinal materials is unified with the "high quality". This article systematically reviews the research status of "quality discrimination by color", the correlation between L~*, a~*, b~* color space and active ingredients such as alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, etc. to explain the "quality discrimination by color" in quantitative characterization. We also summary the research progress on the biosynthesis and regulation of the main pigment components of traditional Chinese medicine, and analyze the biological causes that affect the accumulation of the main pigments. We aim to provide a reference for the theory "quality discrimination by color" in biological knowledge to establish a modern quality control system for Chinese herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cor , Flavonoides , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
13.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124461, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172681

RESUMO

Recently, antibiotics with high ecotoxicity have been ubiquitously detected in aquatic environment. The photocatalysis/persulfate-oxidation hybrid (PPOH) system has been proved as a promising strategy for antibiotic degradation. The efficient antibiotic removal is due to the favorable synergistic effects between photocatalysis and persulfate activation. To our best knowledge, relevant reviews on the photo-assisted persulfate activation (PPA) system have been reported, while the research progress on persulfate-assisted photocatalysis (PAP) and concurrent photocatalysis-persulfate activation (CPPA) systems for antibiotic wastewater treatment have yet been summarized. Hence, the PPOH systems are categorized into PPA, PAP and CPPA systems in this review. Besides, the performance of antibiotic degradation and internal mechanism in the coupled oxidation system are summarized and analyzed comprehensively. Finally, conclusions and future prospects of PPOH systems in antibiotic wastewater treatment are proposed. This study provides an overview of PPOH system and outlines the future research direction of the system in practical treatment of antibiotic wastewater.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164329

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer has been becoming the second cause of cancer death in the western world, and its disease burden has increased. Neoadjuvant therapy is one of the current research hotspots in the field of pancreatic cancer, aiming to improve the surgical rate and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Based on the latest evidence, this review discussed neoadjuvant therapy in pancreatic cancer from the following three aspects: patient selection, protocols selection of neoadjuvant therapy, and treatment response evaluation and resectability prediction. A big controversy existed on the indications of neoadjuvant treatment, but it was agreed that any patient who is likely to achieve R0 resection due to neoadjuvant therapy should be the targeted population. A variety of chemotherapy regimens were tried for neoadjuvant therapy in pancreatic cancer, and FOLFIRINOX and Nab-Paclitaxel plus Gemcitabine are two preferred regimens at present. It was challenging to evaluate treatment response and predict resectability after neoadjuvant therapy, although imaging by CT is widely used. Based on new findings of the remarkable performance of several chemotherapy regimens with or without radiotherapy, the neoadjuvant indications of pancreatic cancer have extended in recent years. However, it is still a challenge to assess the neoadjuvant treatment response and determine the timing of surgery.

15.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 12(1): 146, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive impairment. The aggregation of amyloid ß (Aß) and hyperphosphorylated tau protein are two major pathological features of AD. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH oxidase, NOX) has been indicated in Aß pathology; however, whether and how it affects tau pathology are not yet clear. METHODS: The role of NOX2 in cognitive function, amyloid plaque formation, and tau hyperphosphorylation were examined in APP/PS1 transgenic mice mated with p47phox-deficient mice (with deletion of the gene of neutrophil cytosolic factor 1, Ncf1) and/or in p47phox-deficient mice receiving intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The cognitive and non-cognitive functions in these mice were assessed by Morris water maze, Rotarod test, open field, and elevated plus maze. Aß levels, amyloid plaques, p47phox expression, and astrocyte activation were evaluated using immunofluorescence staining, ELISA, and/or Western blotting. Cultured primary neuronal cells were treated with okadaic acid or conditioned media (CM) from high glucose-stimulated primary astrocytes. The alteration in tau pathology was determined using Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Deletion of the gene coding for p47phox, the organizer subunit of NOX2, significantly attenuated cognitive impairment and tau pathology in these mice. p47phox deficiency decreased the activation of astrocytes but had no effect on Aß levels and amyloid plaque formation in the brains of aged APP/PS1 mice, which displayed markedly increased expression of p47phox in neurons and astrocytes. Cell culture studies found that neuronal p47phox deletion attenuated okadaic acid-induced tau hyperphosphorylation at specific sites in primary cultures of neurons. CM from high glucose-treated WT astrocytes increased tau hyperphosphorylation in primary neurons, whereas this effect was absent from p47phox-deficient astrocytes. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that p47phox is associated with cognitive function and tau pathology in AD. p47phox expressed in neurons contributes to tau hyperphosphorylation directly, while p47phox in astrocytes affect tau hyperphosphorylation by activating astrocytes indirectly. Our results provide new insights into the role of NOX2 in AD and indicate that targeted inhibition of p47phox may be a new strategy for the treatment of AD.

16.
J Immunother ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208635

RESUMO

Antibiotic (ATB) use seems to negatively affect the outcomes of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). The aim of this review is to clarify whether ATB use influences the efficacy of ICI treatment in cancer patients. Databases of MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for reports published in English between January 2007 and December 2019. We included studies that compared the outcomes of ATB use and no-ATB use in cancer patients using ICIs. Two reviewers independently selected eligible studies and extracted the data. Meta-analysis was performed with pooling of unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), and with pooling of odds ratios (ORs) for objective response rate (ORR). Thirty-eight studies involving 8409 patients were finally included for qualitative or quantitative analyses. Cancer types included renal cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, urothelial carcinoma, melanoma, gastrointestinal cancer, and others. Meta-analyses revealed that ATB use was associated with poor OS [HR: 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44-2.26, P<0.001], PFS (HR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.26-1.91, P<0.001) and ORR (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.42-0.95, P=0.03). Subgroup analysis found that these relationships were not influenced by cancer type or ICI regimens, but were dependent on the timing of ATB use. Narrative results of multivariable analyses further confirmed the negative effects of ATB use on OS and PFS. In cancer patients using ICIs, pre-ATB use close to the start of ICI treatment (within 60 d) was detrimental to outcomes in terms of OS, PFS, and ORR.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210711

RESUMO

Cell migration and invasion are two essential processes during cancer metastasis. Increasing evidence has shown that the Piezo1 channel is involved in mediating cell migration and invasion in some types of cancers. However, the role of Piezo1 in the breast cancer and its underlying mechanisms have not been clarified yet. Here, we show that Piezo1 is high-expressed in breast cancer cell (BCC) lines, despite its complex expression in clinical patient database. Piezo1 knockdown (Piezo1-KD) promotes unconfined BCC migration, but impedes confined cell migration. Piezo1 may mediate BCC migration through the balances of cell adhesion, cell stiffness, and contractility. Furthermore, Piezo1-KD inhibits BCC invasion by impairing the invadopodium formation and suppressing the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well. However, the proliferation and cell cycle of BCCs are not significantly affected by Piezo1. Our study highlights a crucial role of Piezo1 in regulating migration and invasion of BCCs, indicating Piezo1 channel might be a new prognostic and therapeutic target in BCCs.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2004971, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145832

RESUMO

Supercapacitor fibers, with short charging times, long cycle lifespans, and high power densities, hold promise for powering flexible fabric-based electronics. To date, however, only short lengths of functioning fiber supercapacitors have been produced. The primary goal of this study is to introduce a supercapacitor fiber that addresses the remaining challenges of scalability, flexibility, cladding impermeability, and performance at length. This is achieved through a top-down fabrication method in which a macroscale preform is thermally drawn into a fully functional energy-storage fiber. The preform consists of five components: thermally reversible porous electrode and electrolyte gels; conductive polymer and copper microwire current collectors; and an encapsulating hermetic cladding. This process produces 100 m of continuous functional supercapacitor fiber, orders of magnitude longer than any previously reported. In addition to flexibility (5 mm radius of curvature), moisture resistance (100 washing cycles), and strength (68 MPa), these fibers have an energy density of 306 µWh cm-2 at 3.0 V and ≈100% capacitance retention over 13 000 cycles at 1.6 V. To demonstrate the utility of this fiber, it is machine-woven and used as filament for 3D printing.

19.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136445

RESUMO

Mounting evidence shows that long noncoding RNAs play important roles in human diseases and radioresistance could be an important factor for tumor recurrence. We observed that HOX antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) expression increased in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) tissue. The irradiation effect of HOTAIR was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay, cell cycle and apoptosis analysis, and xenografts in nude mice. Western blot, RNA pulldown assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation were used for mechanistic studies. HOTAIR, upregulated in IDC of breast cancer tissue, could promote breast cancer cell proliferation by regulating cell cycle and apoptosis. Overexpression of HOTAIR promoted DNA damage repair factors KU70, KU80, DNA-PKs, and ATM expression, and these could be impeded by small molecular inhibitors of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). Meanwhile, we found that HOTAIR could facilitate recruitment of EZH2 to the Avian Myelocytomatosis Viral Oncogene Homolog (MYC) promoter. HOTAIR is an important modulator not only to the prognostic of breast cancer, but also a good marker for radiotherapy.

20.
Inflammation ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140204

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and other pathogens. P. gingivalis release various virulence factors including lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, whether P. gingivalis-LPS inducing pyroptosis in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) remains unknown. In present study, P. gingivalis-LPS decreased the membrane integrity of HGFs, and pyroptosis-associated cytokines were upregulated at the mRNA level. In addition, pyroptosis proteins were highly expressed in gingival tissues of periodontitis. P. gingivalis-LPS induced gingivitis in the rat model, and the expression level of pyroptosis-associated proteins increased. Together, P. gingivalis-LPS can activate the pyroptosis reaction, which may be a pro-pyroptosis status in a relative low concentration.

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