Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.892
Filtrar
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(12): 1899, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016277

RESUMO

Correction for 'A facile strategy to realize a single/double photon excitation-dependent photosensitizer for imaging-guided phototherapy against HeLa cancer cells at separate irradiation channels' by Lin Kong et al., Chem. Commun., 2020, 56, 571-574.

2.
Neurosci Lett ; 721: 134802, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation in the spinal cord is a pathological event in remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia (RIH), but its underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Recent studies recapitulate the significance of the intracellular protease caspase-6 in the release of inflammatory mediators and synaptic plasticity in pathologic pain. Also, chemokine CCL21 is involved in microglia activation and nociceptive transduction. This study examined whether spinal caspase-6 is associated with RIH via CCL21 and its receptor CXCR3. METHODS: The acute exposure to remifentanil (1 µg kg-1 min-1for 60 min) was used to establish RIH, verified by assessment of mechanical paw withdrawal threshold and thermal paw withdrawal latency. The caspase-6 inhibitor, a neutralizing antibody against CCL21 (anti-CCL21), a selective CXCR3 antagonist NBI-74330, recombinant caspase-6 and CCL21 were used for the investigation of pathogenesis as well as the prevention of hyperalgesia. The expression of caspase-6, CCL21 and CXCR3 was also evaluated by RT-qPCR and Western blot. RESULTS: This study discovered mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia along with the increase in the expression of spinal caspase-6 and CCL21/CXCR3 after remifentanil exposure. Central caspase-6 inhibition prevented behavioral RIH and spinal up-regulation of CCL21/CXCR3 level. Intrathecal anti-CCL21 injection reduced RIH and spinal expression of CXCR3. The delivery of recombinant caspase-6 facilitated acute nociceptive hypersensitivity and increased spinal CXCR3 release in naïve rats, reversing by co-application of anti-CCL21. Also, NBI-74330 attenuated RIH and exogenous CCL21-caused acute pain behaviors. CONCLUSION: This study highlighted that spinal caspase-6-mediated up-regulation of CCL21/CXCR3 is vital in the pathogenesis of RIH in rats.

3.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009445

RESUMO

Ten cycloart-7-ene triterpenoid glycosides, including three new compounds (1-3), were isolated from the roots of Cimicifuga dahurica. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, chemical methods and comparison with literatures. In addition, the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the production of NO, as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. The results showed that compounds 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 can reduce the release of NO in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, Western blot analysis indicated that the NO inhibitory effects relied on down-regulating the expression of iNOS, and partially associated with lowering the expression of COX-2.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012920

RESUMO

Emotion recognition and monitoring based on commonly used wearable devices can play an important role in psychological health monitoring and human-computer interaction. However, the existing methods cannot rely on the common smart bracelets or watches for emotion monitoring in daily life. To address this issue, our study proposes a method for emotional recognition using heart rate data from a wearable smart bracelet. A 'neutral + target' pair emotion stimulation experimental paradigm was presented, and a dataset of heart rate from 25 subjects was established, where neutral plus target emotion (neutral, happy, and sad) stimulation video pairs from China's standard Emotional Video Stimuli materials (CEVS) were applied to the recruited subjects. Normalized features from the data of target emotions normalized by the baseline data of neutral mood were adopted. Emotion recognition experiment results approved the effectiveness of 'neutral + target' video pair simulation experimental paradigm, the baseline setting using neutral mood data, and the normalized features, as well as the classifiers of Adaboost and GBDT on this dataset. This method will promote the development of wearable consumer electronic devices for monitoring human emotional moods.

5.
Cell ; 180(3): 585-600.e19, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004457

RESUMO

Molecular mechanisms of ovarian aging and female age-related fertility decline remain unclear. We surveyed the single-cell transcriptomic landscape of ovaries from young and aged non-human primates (NHPs) and identified seven ovarian cell types with distinct gene-expression signatures, including oocyte and six types of ovarian somatic cells. In-depth dissection of gene-expression dynamics of oocytes revealed four subtypes at sequential and stepwise developmental stages. Further analysis of cell-type-specific aging-associated transcriptional changes uncovered the disturbance of antioxidant signaling specific to early-stage oocytes and granulosa cells, indicative of oxidative damage as a crucial factor in ovarian functional decline with age. Additionally, inactivated antioxidative pathways, increased reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis were observed in granulosa cells from aged women. This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the cell-type-specific mechanisms underlying primate ovarian aging at single-cell resolution, revealing new diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for age-related human ovarian disorders.

6.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031795

RESUMO

This study represents a systematic chemical and biological study of the rufomycin (RUF) class of cyclic heptapeptides, which our anti-TB drug discovery efforts have identified as potentially promising anti-TB agents that newly target the caseinolytic protein C1, ClpC1. Eight new RUF analogues, rufomycins NBZ1-NBZ8 (1-8), as well as five known peptides (9-13) were isolated and characterized from the Streptomyces atratus strain MJM3502. Advanced Marfey's and X-ray crystallographic analysis led to the assignment of the absolute configuration of the RUFs. Several isolates exhibited potent activity against both pathogens M. tuberculosis H37Rv and M. abscessus, paired with favorable selectivity (selectivity index >60), which collectively underscores the promise of the rufomycins as potential anti-TB drug leads.

7.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126139, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045758

RESUMO

Heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of trichloroethylene (TCE) catalyzed by sewage sludge biochar was studied. The highest TCE removal efficiency was 83% at pH 3.1, catalyzed by 300 W biochar. The biochars produced at higher microwave power levels provided better catalytic effect, due to higher iron contents and specific surface areas. Reactivity of sewage sludge biochar maintained after several uses, which provides an advantage for using as a permeable reactive barrier to remediate groundwater pollution. Chromium, copper, nickel, lead, and zinc were found in the leachate generated from sewage sludge biochar, and most of the concentrations were lower than the standards for non-drinking water use. Besides, copper, zinc, and iron were found in the reaction solutions of Fenton oxidation. Because of the highest dosage required for Fenton oxidation, the environmental impact caused by 200 W biochar is highest. The environmental impact caused by 300 W biochar is lowest. Among the four endpoint impact categories in the life cycle assessment (LCA), human health is the highest concern, whereas ecosystem quality is the least. According to experimental and LCA results, the optimum microwave power level would be 300 W. The primary impact source is microwave pyrolysis because of high energy usage.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19046, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049803

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is well known that the main segments of spinal fracture is thoracolumbar (T11-L11). Therefore, in addition to the lumbar, the lower thoracic vertebra (T9-T12) often has the clinical needs of implantation of cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screws. However, the anatomic parameters of the lower thoracic vertebrae are quite different from those of the lumbar vertebrae, which means that if CBT screws are to be implanted in the lower thoracic vertebrae, the selection of the screw entry point, the length, diameter, angle and path of the screws in each segment need to be redefined. Methods In this part, 3-dimensional finite element model was established to analyze the stress and fixation efficiency of CBT screws in thoracic vertebrae after 5000 times of fatigue loading of normal model and osteoporosis model. Discussion If the outcomes indicate the trial is feasible and there is evidence to provide some basic anatomical parameters for CBT screw implantation in the lower thoracic spine, so that the ideal insertion point, length, diameter, and angle of CBT screw in different segments of the lower thoracic spine were determined.Trial Registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900026915.Registered on September 26, 2019.

9.
Menopause ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum vitamin D concentration and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in postmenopausal women and the epidemiologic factors affecting low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Between July 2017 and December 2018, 232 participants were retrospectively enrolled. Serum concentrations of bone turnover markers were measured using electrochemiluminescence assays. Disc degeneration was evaluated using the Pfirrmann grading system. Other variables were assessed using relevant questionnaires. RESULTS: The mean age of the women was 65.6 ±â€Š10.1 and their serum 25(OH)D concentrations were 19.38 ±â€Š9.21 ng/mL. The prevalences of severe vitamin D deficiency (<10 ng/mL) and normal status (>30 ng/mL) were 12.9% and 12.5%, respectively. The severely deficient group had higher visual analog scale (VAS) scores for LBP (P = 0.002) and lower bone mineral density T scores (P = 0.004) than the other groups. Lower 25(OH)D concentration (<10 ng/mL) was significantly associated with more severe LDD in the lumbosacral region (L4-S1, L1-S1, P < 0.05), but less so in the upper lumbar region. There was an inverse relationship between vitamin D concentration and the severity of disc degeneration (L2-L3, L4-S1, L1-S1, P < 0.05). After adjustment for confounding factors, smoking, vitamin D deficiency, lack of vitamin D supplementation, high body mass index, and low bone mineral density T score were associated with higher incidence of moderate-to-severe pain in postmenopausal women (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with LDD and LBP in postmenopausal women. Specifically, a serum vitamin D concentration < 10 ng/mL is a marker of severe LDD and LBP. Smoking, severe vitamin D deficiency, lack of vitamin D supplementation, high body mass index, and osteoporosis are associated with a higher prevalence of moderate-to-severe pain.

10.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of CT radiomics for the preoperative distinction of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 187 consecutive patients with preoperative contrast CT examination and pathologically proven gastric adenocarcinoma were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into a training set (n = 150) and a test set (n = 37). Arterial phase (AP), portal phase (PP), and delay phase (DP) images were retrieved for analysis. A dedicated postprocessing software was used to segment the lesions and extract radiomics features. Random forest (RF) algorithm was applied to construct the classifier models. A nomogram was developed by incorporating multiphase radiomics scores. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the performance of the radiomics model and nomogram in both sets. RESULTS: The radiomics model showed a favorable capability in the distinction of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas. The areas under curves (AUCs) of the AP, PP, and DP radiomics models were 0.754 (95% CI: 0.676, 0.820), 0.815 (95% CI: 0.744, 0.874), and 0.764 (95% CI: 0.688, 0.829) in the training set, respectively, which were confirmed in the test set with AUCs of 0.742 (95% CI: 0.572, 0.872), 0.775 (95% CI: 0.608, 0.895), and 0.857 (95% CI: 0.703, 0.950), respectively. The nomogram yielded excellent performance for distinguishing intestinal-type adenocarcinomas in both sets, with AUCs of 0.928 (95%: 0.875, 0.964) and 0.904 (95% CI: 0.761, 0.976). CONCLUSIONS: The multiphase CT radiomics nomogram holds promise for the individual preoperative discrimination of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma. KEY POINTS: • CT radiomics has a potential role in the distinction of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas. • Single-phase enhanced CT-based radiomics showed favorable capability in distinguishing intestinal-type tumors. • The nomogram which incorporates the multiphase radiomics scores could facilitate the individual prediction of intestinal-type lesions.

11.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053740

RESUMO

Iron overload affects the cell cycle of various cell types, but the effect of iron overload on human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) has not yet been reported. Here, we show that the proliferation capacities of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were significantly inhibited by ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, deferoxamine (DFO) protected hESCs/hiPSCs against FAC-induced cell cycle arrest. However, iron overload did not affect pluripotency in hESCs/hiPSCs. Further, treatment of hiPSCs with FAC resulted in excess reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage. Collectively, our findings provide new insights into the role of iron homeostasis in the maintenance of self-renewal in hPSCs.

12.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056305

RESUMO

Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C), a substantial mitotic regulator, has been verified to exert a malignant function in several cancers. However, its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In this study, the expression profile of KIF2C in HCC was characterized through the dataset from the TCGA and clinical tissue microarrays containing 220 pairs of resected HCC tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues in our hospital. The results indicated that KIF2C was substantially higher expression in tumor tissues than adjacent nontumor tissues. High expression of KIF2C significantly correlated with large tumor (>5.0 cm) (P = .001) and implied a dismal postoperative overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.729; P = .002) in our cohort of patients. Gain and loss of function assays displayed that KIF2C promoted HCC cell proliferation, accelerated cell cycle progression, and impeded apoptosis. By bioinformatic tools and mechanistic investigation, we found that KIF2C interacted with various cell-cycle-related proteins and was significantly involved in growth-promoting pathways. KIF2C upregulated PCNA and CDC20 expression. Subsequently, we investigated the regulation of KIF2C by competing endogenous RNA and elucidated that has-miR-6715a-3p was directly bond to the 3'-untranslated region of KIF2C through dual luciferase assays, thereby inhibiting KIF2C expression. Furthermore, the long noncoding RNA GS1-358P8.4 was found to be a candidate of KIF2C for has-miR-6715a-3p binding. HCC patients with high lncRNA-GS1-358P8.4 expression had shorter OS and relapse-free survival compared to those with low expression, which was accordance with the KIF2C. Taken together, KIC2C aggravated HCC progression, it could serve as a prognostic indicator and confer a novel target for clinical treatment.

13.
Fitoterapia ; : 104499, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058049

RESUMO

3-O-[(E)-4-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-oxobut-3-en-1-yl] kaempferol is a novel lead compound to discover anti-diabetic and anti-obesity drugs. The present study reported the scaffold hopping of the lead compound to obtain a new isoxazole derivative, C45, which has improved glucose consumption at the nanomolar level (EC50 = 0.8 nM) in insulin resistant (IR) HepG2 cells. Western blotting showed that C45 markedly enhanced the phosphorylation of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) and reduced the levels of the gluconeogenesis key enzymes PEPCK (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase) and G6Pase (glucose 6-phosphatase) in HepG2 cells. The potential molecular mechanism of C45 may be activation of the AMPK/PEPCK/G6Pase pathways. We concluded that C45 might be a valuable candidate to discover anti-diabetic drugs.

14.
Chemistry ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053247

RESUMO

C-N bond formation is regarded as a very useful and fundamental reaction, which is important for the synthesis of nitrogen-containing molecules in both organic and pharmaceutical chemistry. Noble metal and homogeneous catalysts have been used for C-N bond formation frequently, however, there are still some problems for these catalysts such as high cost, serious pollution and low atom economy. Herein the low-toxic and cheaper iron complex was loaded on CNTs and the heterogenous single-atom catalyst (SAC) named Fe-N x /CNTs was prepared. We applied this SAC to the synthesis of C-N bonds for the first time. It was found that Fe-N x /CNTs was an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of C-N bonds from aromatic amines and ketones. The catalytic performance is markedly excellent with the yield up to 96%, 6-fold higher than that of noble metal catalysts such as AuCl 3 /CNTs and RhCl 3 /CNTs. It was suitable for up to 13 aromatic amine substrates with no additives and 17 enaminones were obtained. By using high-angle annular darkfield scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) in combination with X-ray adsorption spectroscopy (XAS), we have observed iron species of Fe-N x /CNTs were in good dispersion as single atoms and Fe-N x might be the catalytic active site. This Fe-N x /CNTs catalyst has potential industrial application for its seven runs without any significant loss of activity.

15.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 1536-1541, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011142

RESUMO

Hydrogen atoms bonded within molecular cavities often undergo tunneling or thermal-transfer processes that play major roles in diverse physical phenomena. Such transfers may or may not entail intermediate states. The existence of such fleeting states is typically determined by indirect means, while their direct visualization has not been achieved, largely because their concentrations under equilibrium conditions are negligible. Here we use density-functional-theory calculations and scanning-tunneling-microscopy (STM) image simulations to predict that, under specially designed nonequilibrium conditions of voltage-enhanced high transfer rates, the cis-intermediate of the two-hydrogen transfer process in metal-free naphthalocyanine molecules adsorbed on Ag(111) surfaces would be visualizable in a composite image of double-C morphology. As guided by the theoretical predictions, at adjusted scanning temperature and bias, STM experiments achieve a direct visualization of the cis-intermediate. This work demonstrates a practical way to directly visualize elusive intermediates, which enhances understanding of the quantum dynamics of hydrogen atoms.

16.
Mol Pharm ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058727

RESUMO

Chemotherapy still accounts for a large proportion in the treatments of tumors, but the drug resistance and side effects caused by long-term chemotherapy should not be underestimated. In this work, the drug combination strategy has been widely developed to overcome the side effects brought by the use of single drugs and improve the therapeutic effect. However, in clinical applications, co-delivery of drugs is very difficult, and different in vivo kinetics due to different drug properties will lead to a decrease in efficacy. Thus, the design of novel anti-tumor therapeutic agents, including new platinum agents represent an area in need of urgent attention. Our investigation implies a promising strategy for the design of a platinum prodrug to enhance the treatment of breast cancer. Dual-drug delivery nanoparticle was developed for enhanced treatment of breast cancer based on two-into-one co-delivery strategy. Through the synergistic effect of released cisplatin hydrate and tolfenamic acid (COX-2 inhibitor) from the coordination prodrug, tumor growth is significantly suppressed, and survival time is greatly extended in breast tumor-bearing mice.

17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 81: 106287, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058932

RESUMO

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is the cognitive impairment resulting from sepsis and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Hydrogen has emerged as a promising therapeutic agent to alleviate SAE. The mechanism, however, remains unclear. This research aimed to determine whether hydrogen alleviates SAE by regulating microglia polarization and whether it is mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-autophagy pathway. Septic models were established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) performed on mice. The Morris Water Maze was used to evaluate cognitive function. M1/M2 microglia polarization was assessed by immunofluorescence. Inflammatory cytokines were determined by ELISA. Septic cell models were established using BV-2 cells incubated with 1 µg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS). M1/M2 microglia polarization was assessed by flow cytometry. Inflammatory cytokines from culture medium supernatant were determined by ELISA, and associated protein expression levels of mTOR-autophagy pathway were assessed by Western blot. Hydrogen inhalation attenuated sepsis-induced cognitive impairment with improved escape latency, time spent in the target platform quadrant and number of times crossing the target platform. In both animal and cell research, hydrogen reduced TNF-α, IL-6 and HMGB1 levels and M1 polarization, but increased IL-10 and TGF-ß levels and M2 polarization. Hydrogen treatment decreased the ratio of p-mTOR/mTOR and the expression of p62 and increased the ratio of p-AMPK/AMPK, LC3II/LC3I and the expression of TREM-2 and Beclin-1 in LPS-treated BV-2 cells. MHY1485, an mTOR activator, abolished the protective effects of hydrogen in vitro. Taken together, these results demonstrated that hydrogen attenuated sepsis-induced neuroinflammation by modulating microglia polarization, which was mediated by the mTOR-autophagy signaling pathway.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 712: 135633, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050396

RESUMO

In this study, the influence of zirconium-modified bentonite (ZMBT) addition, capping, and addition/capping on the transport and transformation of phosphorus (P) in sediments were comparatively investigated using incubation experiments to determine the effect of ZMBT application mode on the controlling efficiency. Results showed that the release of soluble reactive P (SRP) from sediment to the overlying water was effectively intercepted by all the ZMBT treatments. The inactivation of pore-water SRP, diffusive gradients in thin films-labile P (DGT-LP) and mobile P (Mob-IP) in sediment played a pivotal role in the regulation of SRP liberation from the sediment to the overlying water by ZMBT. An application mode change from capping and addition/capping to addition resulted in a decline of the reduction efficiency of overlying water SRP by the ZMBT treatment to some extent. The variation in the reduction efficiency of pore-water SRP and DGT-LP in the uppermost sediment were responsible for the change of the reduction efficiency of overlying water SRP by the ZMBT treatment. A change in application mode from capping to addition/capping and addition caused an obvious increase in the immobilization efficiency of pore-water SRP, DGT-LP and Mob-IP in the lower sediment by the ZMBT treatment. Results of this work indicate that, when the ZMBT capping layer on the top of sediment was completely mixed with the sediment, although the stability of P in the lower sediment obviously increases, the controlling efficiency of SRP liberating from the sediment to the overlying water decreases to some extent. Thus, the repeated addition of ZMBT to form a covering layer on the ZMBT-amended sediment is very necessary for the effective control of sediment-P release to the overlying water.

19.
Soft Matter ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051977

RESUMO

Inorganic-organic co-assembly of anionic polyoxometalates (POMs) with zwitterions provides a facile way to fabricate functional soft materials. In this paper, a translucent, photoluminescent polymer hydrogel was fabricated from Weakley-type POM Na9EuW10O36 (EuW10) and polymerizable imidazole-type zwitterion 3-(1-vinyl-3-imidazolio)propanesulfonate (VIPS) via a one-step synthesis method. Detailed characterization indicated that the polymerization of double bonds in VIPS and electrostatic interactions between EuW10 and VIPS play important roles in the formation of the hydrogels. Additionally, the introduction of non-polymerizable zwitterions 3-(1-methyl-3-imidazolio)propanesulfonate (MIPS) or 3-(1-decyl-3-imidazolio)propanesulfonate (C10IPS) can improve the mechanical and luminous performances of the hydrogels. Especially, C10IPS with a long alkyl chain would more significantly alter the coordination environment of EuW10, and consequently resulted in a more efficient energy transfer process. Further investigations revealed that the chemical environment around the Eu3+ can be highly influenced by organic solvents with stronger coordination abilities than water molecules, such as acetone. The translucency and luminescence intensity of the hydrogels can be reversibly transformed after alternately immersing in acetone or H2O for several minutes. Our results provided a useful strategy for the fabrication of luminescent hydrogels by regulating the noncovalent interactions between POMs and zwitterions.

20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 474, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980617

RESUMO

The rhesus macaque is a prime model animal in neuroscience. A comprehensive transcriptomic and open chromatin atlas of the rhesus macaque brain is key to a deeper understanding of the brain. Here we characterize the transcriptome of 416 brain samples from 52 regions of 8 rhesus macaque brains. We identify gene modules associated with specific brain regions like the cerebral cortex, pituitary, and thalamus. In addition, we discover 9703 novel intergenic transcripts, including 1701 coding transcripts and 2845 lncRNAs. Most of the novel transcripts are only expressed in specific brain regions or cortical regions of specific individuals. We further survey the open chromatin regions in the hippocampal CA1 and several cerebral cortical regions of the rhesus macaque brain using ATAC-seq, revealing CA1- and cortex-specific open chromatin regions. Our results add to the growing body of knowledge regarding the baseline transcriptomic and open chromatin profiles in the brain of the rhesus macaque.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA