Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.236
Filtrar
1.
Gene ; : 147239, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736504

RESUMO

The Baculovirus Expression Vector System (BEVS) is an insect cell-based heterologous protein expression system that possesses powerful potential in the development of protein drugs and vaccines. Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) is the most widely-used vector in BEVS with 151 open reading frames (ORFs) containing essential and nonessential genes. Deletion of nonessential genes has many advantages including increased foreign gene insertion. In this study, the λ red recombination system was used to knock out genes in a modified AcMNPV that carried an enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (eYFP) at the Ac126-Ac127 locus. Eighty genes were almost completely deleted respectively and 69 gene knockout AcMNPVs (KOVs) were obtained to evaluate their infection efficiency. After infecting Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) cells, 51 KOVs including 62 genes showed similar infectivity as wide type (WT) and hence were defined as nonessential genes. However, 18 KOVs produced fewer infectious virions, indicating that these genes were influential in the production of progeny viruses. Combining our research with previous studies, a desired minimal AcMNPV genome containing 86 ORFs and all of the homologous regions (hrs) was brought up, facilitating genetic modification of baculovirus vectors and improvement of recombinant protein expression in the future.

2.
Environ Pollut ; : 121196, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736560

RESUMO

Because of the high production rates, low recycling rates, and poor waste management of plastics, an increasing amount of plastic is entering the aquatic environment, where it can provide new ecological niches for microbial communities and form a so-called plastisphere. Recent studies have focused on the one-way impact of plastic substrata or biofilm communities. However, our understanding of the two-way interactions between plastics and biofilms is still limited. This review first summarizes the formation process and the co-occurrence network analysis of the aquatic plastisphere to comprehensively illustrate the succession pattern of biofilm communities and the potential consistency between keystone taxa and the specific environmental behavior of the plastisphere. Furthermore, this review sheds light on mutual interactions between plastics and biofilms. Plastic properties, environmental conditions, and colonization time affect biofilm development. Meanwhile, the biofilm communities, in turn, influence the environmental behaviors of plastics, including transport, contaminant accumulation, and especially the fragmentation and degradation of plastics. Based on a systematic literature review and cross-referencing from these disciplines, the current research focus, and future challenges in exploring aquatic plastisphere development and biofilm-plastic interactions are proposed.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2207621, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737845

RESUMO

Seeking clean energy as an alternative to traditional fossil fuels is the inevitable choice to realize the sustainable development of the society. Photocatalytic technique is considered a promising energy conversion approach to store the abundant solar energy into other wieldy energy carriers like chemical energy. Carbon dots, as a class of fascinating carbon nanomaterials, have already become the hotspots in numerous photoelectric researching fields and particularly drawn keen interests as metal-free photocatalysts owing to strong UV-vis optical absorption, tunable energy-level configuration, superior charge transfer ability, excellent physicochemical stability, facile fabrication, low toxicity, and high solubility. In this review, the classification, microstructures, general synthetic methods, optical and photoelectrical properties of carbon dots are systematically summarized. In addition, recent advances of carbon dots based photoinduced reactions including photodegradation, photocatalytic hydrogen generation, CO2 conversion, N2 fixation, and photochemical synthesis are highlighted in detail, deep insights into the roles of carbon dots in various systems combining with the photocatalytic mechanisms are provided. Finally, several critical issues remaining in photocatalysis field are also proposed.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36738387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ThermoCool STSF catheter is used for ablation of ischemic ventricular tachycardia (VT) in routine clinical practice, although outcomes have not been studied and the catheter does not have Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for this indication. We used real-world health system data to evaluate its safety and effectiveness for this indication. METHODS: Among patients undergoing ischemic VT ablation with the ThermoCool STSF catheter pooled across two health systems (Mercy Health and Mayo Clinic), the primary safety composite outcome of death, thromboembolic events, and procedural complications within 7 days was compared to a performance goal of 15%, which is twice the expected proportion of the primary composite safety outcome based on prior studies. The exploratory effectiveness outcome of rehospitalization for VT or heart failure or repeat VT ablation at up to 1 year was averaged across health systems among patients treated with the ThermoCool STSF vs. ST catheters. RESULTS: Seventy total patients received ablation for ischemic VT using the ThermoCool STSF catheter. The primary safety composite outcome occurred in 3/70 (4.3%; 90% CI, 1.2-10.7%) patients, meeting the pre-specified performance goal, p = 0.0045. At 1 year, the effectiveness outcome risk difference (STSF-ST) at Mercy was - 0.4% (90% CI: - 25.2%, 24.3%) and at Mayo Clinic was 12.6% (90% CI: - 13.0%, 38.4%); the average risk difference across both institutions was 5.8% (90% CI: - 12.0, 23.7). CONCLUSIONS: The ThermoCool STSF catheter was safe and appeared effective for ischemic VT ablation, supporting continued use of the catheter and informing possible FDA label expansion. Health system data hold promise for real-world safety and effectiveness evaluation of cardiovascular devices.

5.
Exp Brain Res ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735043

RESUMO

The pivotal regulatory role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in ischemic stroke (IS) has been expounded. The study aimed to probe the exact role and underlying mechanism of circVRK1 in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) injury. HBMECs challenged by OGD were used as in vitro models of IS. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to examine the levels of circVRK1, vaccinia-related kinase 1 (VRK1), miR-150-5p and MLLT1 mRNA. Cell viability, migration angiogenesis ability and death were evaluated by Cell counting kit-8 assay, transwell assay, wound-healing assay, tube formation assay and flow cytometry analysis. All the protein levels were monitored by western blot assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted for examining cell oxidative stress. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, RIP assay and RNA pull-down assay were performed to verify the combination between miR-150-5p and circVRK1 or MLLT1. CircVRK1 was upregulated in OGD-treated HBMECs. CircVRK1 knockdown alleviated OGD-caused effects on HBMECs migration, angiogenesis, death, inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Furthermore, circVRK1 could sponge miR-150-5p, and miR-150-5p silencing also mitigated the impact of circVRK1 deficiency on OGD-evoked injury. Besides, MLLT1 acted as a molecular target of miR-150-5p, and the protective influence of miR-150-5p on OGD-induced cell damage was overturned by MLLT1 introduction. CircVRK1 knockdown weakened OGD-evoked injury in HBMECs through modulating miR-150-5p/MLLT1 pathway, and this might supply new insights and probable targets for IS treatment.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36728690

RESUMO

Metallic conductive 1T phase molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) has been identified as promising anode for sodium ion (Na+) batteries, but its metastable feature makes it difficult to obtain and its restacking during the charge/discharge processing result in part capacity reversibility. Herein, a synergetic effect of atomic-interface engineering is employed for constructing 2H-MoS2 layers assembled on single atomically dispersed Fe-N-C (SA Fe-N-C) anode material that boosts its reversible capacity. The work-function-driven-electron transfer occurs from SA Fe-N-C to 2H-MoS2 via the Fe-S bonds, which enhances the adsorption of Na+ by 2H-MoS2, and lays the foundation for the sodiation process. A phase transfer from 2H to 1T/2H MoS2 with the ferromagnetic spin-polarization of SA Fe-N-C occurs during the sodiation/desodiation process, which significantly enhances the Na+ storage kinetics, and thus the 1T/2H MoS2/SA Fe-N-C display a high electronic conductivity and a fast Na+ diffusion rate.

7.
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) ; : 17470218231154578, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655936

RESUMO

Previous research has found apparently contradictory effects of a semantically similar competitor on how people refer to previously mentioned entities. To address this issue, we conducted two picture-description experiments in spoken Mandarin. In Experiment 1, participants saw pictures and heard sentences referring to both the target referent and a competitor, and then described actions involving only the target referent. They produced fewer omissions and more repeated noun phrases when the competitor was semantically similar to the target referent than otherwise. In Experiment 2, participants saw introductory pictures and heard sentences referring to only the target referent, and then described actions involving both the target referent and a competitor. They produced more omissions and fewer pronouns when the competitor was semantically similar to the target referent than otherwise. We interpret the results in terms of the representation of discourse entities and the stages of language production.

8.
Oncol Lett ; 25(2): 73, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688111

RESUMO

Colon cancer associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) is known to play an important role in numerous types of human cancer, including bladder, prostate and ovarian cancer. However, a consistent perspective has not been established in digestive system cancer (DSC). To explore the prognostic value of CCAT1 in patients with DSC, a meta-analysis was performed. A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biological Medical Literature database, Cochrane Library and WanFang database was applied to select eligible articles. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the effects of CCAT1 on pathological or clinical features. A total of 1,719 patients from 12 eligible articles were enrolled in the meta-analysis. The results revealed that elevated CCAT1 expression was significantly related to larger tumor size (OR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.31-2.48), poorer differentiation (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.31-0.64), earlier lymph node metastasis (OR, 3.14; 95% CI, 2.34-4.22) and advanced TNM stage (OR, 3.08; 95% CI, 2.07-4.59). In addition, high CCAT1 expression predicted a poorer outcome for overall survival rate (HR, 2.37; 95% CI, 2.11-2.67) and recurrence-free survival rate (HR, 2.16, 95% CI, 1.31-3.57). High expression levels of CCAT1 were therefore related to unfavorable clinical outcomes of patients with DSC. These results demonstrated that CCAT1 could serve as a prognostic predictor in human DSC.

9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 11, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess changes in quality of sleep (QoS) in isolated metastatic patients with spinal cord compression following two different surgical treatments and identify potential contributing factors associated with QoS improvement. METHODS: We reviewed 49 patients with isolated spinal metastasis at our spinal tumor center between December 2017 and May 2021. Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) and palliative surgery with postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (PSRS) were performed on 26 and 23 patients, respectively. We employed univariate and multivariate analyses to identify the potential prognostic factors affecting QoS. RESULTS: The total Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score improved significantly 6 months after surgery. Univariate analysis indicated that age, pain worsening at night, decrease in visual analog scale (VAS), increase in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score (ECOG-PS), artificial implant in focus, and decrease in epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) scale values were potential contributing factors for QoS. Multivariate analysis indicated that the ESCC scale score decreased as an independent prognostic factor. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with spinal cord compression caused by the metastatic disease had significantly improved QoS after TES and PSRS treatment. Moreover, a decrease in ESCC scale value of > 1 was identified as a favorable contributing factor associated with PSQI improvement. In addition, TES and PSRS can prevent recurrence by achieving efficient local tumor control to improve indirect sleep. Accordingly, timely and effective surgical decompression and recurrence control are critical for improving sleep quality.


Assuntos
Compressão da Medula Espinal , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Qualidade do Sono , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Psych J ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657774

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that psychopathy, one of the Dark Triad personality traits, is associated with relationship dissatisfaction. However, the similarity of psychopathy among romantic couples remains uncertain with regard to relationship outcomes. This study examined the effect of the perceptual similarity of psychopathy on marital quality in a sample of 245 heterosexual married couples, using intraclass correlation coefficients as the method for assessing couples' similarity. This study also explored the possible mediating role of couple communication based on the Actor-Partner Interdependence model. The results reveal that husbands' self-rating and wives' partner-rating of psychopathy showed negative effects on marital quality, whereas wives' perceptual similarity of psychopathy exerted both actor and partner effects on marital quality via couple communication. The current study enriches the theoretical framework of personality and relationship outcomes and emphasizes the importance of communication in a close relationship.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662304

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As molecules responsible for presenting antigens to T lymphocytes, leukocytes antigens (HLAs) play a vital role in cancer immunology. This review aims to provide current understanding of HLAs in tumour immunology. METHODS: Perspectives on how HLA alterations may contribute to the immune escape of cancer cells and resistance to immunotherapy, and potential methods to overcome HLA defects were summarized. In addition, we discussed the potential association between HLA and immune-related adverse events (irAEs), which has not been reviewed elsewhere. RESULTS: Downregulation, loss of heterogeneity and entire loss of HLAs are responsible for the immune escape of tumour cells. The strategies to overcome the HLA defects can be effective therapies of cancer. Compared with classical HLA-I, non-classical HLA-I molecules, such as HLA-E and HLA-G, appear to be more reliable predictors of prognosis, as they tend to play immunosuppressive roles in antitumor response. Relative diversified or high expression of classical HLA-I are potential predictors of favourable response of immunotherapy. Certain HLA types may be associated to enhanced affinity to self-antigen-mimicked tumour-antigens, thus may positively correlated to irAEs triggered by checkpoint inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: Further studies exploring the relationship between HLAs and cancer may not only lead to the development of novel therapies but also bring about better management of irAEs.

12.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 294, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609415

RESUMO

Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) is a key measure in the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure (HF) and many patients experience changes in EF overtime. Large-scale analysis of longitudinal changes in EF using electronic health records (EHRs) is limited. In a multi-site retrospective study using EHR data from three academic medical centers, we investigated longitudinal changes in EF measurements in patients diagnosed with HF. We observed significant variations in baseline characteristics and longitudinal EF change behavior of the HF cohorts from a previous study that is based on HF registry data. Data gathered from this longitudinal study were used to develop multiple machine learning models to predict changes in ejection fraction measurements in HF patients. Across all three sites, we observed higher performance in predicting EF increase over a 1-year duration, with similarly higher performance predicting an EF increase of 30% from baseline compared to lower percentage increases. In predicting EF decrease we found moderate to high performance with low confidence for various models. Among various machine learning models, XGBoost was the best performing model for predicting EF changes. Across the three sites, the XGBoost model had an F1-score of 87.2, 89.9, and 88.6 and AUC of 0.83, 0.87, and 0.90 in predicting a 30% increase in EF, and had an F1-score of 95.0, 90.6, 90.1 and AUC of 0.54, 0.56, 0.68 in predicting a 30% decrease in EF. Among features that contribute to predicting EF changes, baseline ejection fraction measurement, age, gender, and heart diseases were found to be statistically significant.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Estudos Longitudinais , Aprendizado de Máquina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico
13.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675491

RESUMO

As a typical hallmark of solid tumors, hypoxia affects the effects of tumor radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and photodynamic therapy. Therefore, targeting the hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME) is a promising treatment strategy for cancer therapy. Here, we prepared an Albumin Human Serum (HSA)-coated perfluorocarbon (PFC) carrying oxygen (PFC@O2) to minimize OSCC hypoxia. The results showed that PFC@O2 significantly downregulated the expression of HIF-1α and the number of M2-like macrophages in vitro. Furthermore, PFC@O2 effectively inhibited the growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and reduced the proportion of negative immunoregulatory cells, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and M2-like macrophages of TME in a 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4NQO)-induced mouse model. Conversely, the infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells was significantly increased in TME, suggesting that the anti-tumor immune response was enhanced. However, we also found that hypoxia-relative genes expression was positively correlated with CD68+/CD163+ TAMs in human tissue specimens. In summary, PFC@O2 could effectively inhibit the progression of OSCC by alleviating hypoxia, which provides a practical basis for gas therapy and gas synergistic therapy for OSCC.

14.
Cancer Biomark ; 36(1): 83-96, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36591654

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among women and a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The diagnosis of early patients and the prognosis of advanced patients have not improved over the past several decades. The purpose of the present study was to identify the lncRNA-related genes based on ceRNA network and construct a credible model for prognosis in BC. Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, prognosis-related differently expressed genes (DEGs) and a lncRNA-associated ceRNA regulatory network were obtained in BC. The patients were randomly divided into a training group and a testing group. A ceRNA-related prognostic model as well as a nomogram was constructed for further study. A total of 844 DElncRNAs, 206 DEmiRNAs and 3295 DEmRNAs were extracted in BC, and 12 RNAs (HOTAIR, AC055854.1, ST8SIA6-AS1, AC105999.2, hsa-miR-1258, hsa-miR-7705, hsa-miR-3662, hsa-miR-4501, CCNB1, UHRF1, SPC24 and SHCBP1) among them were recognized for the construction of a prognostic risk model. Patients were then assigned to high-risk and low-risk groups according to the risk score. The Kaplan-Meier (K-M) analysis demonstrated that the high-risk group was closely associated with poor prognosis. The predictive nomogram combined with clinical features showed performance in clinical practice. In a nutshell, our ceRNA-related gene model and the nomogram graph are accurate and reliable tools for predicting prognostic outcomes of BC patients, and may make great contributions to modern precise medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Nomogramas , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico , Genômica , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras da Sinalização Shc/genética
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 251: 114517, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669278

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), as one of the seventh most toxic heavy metal pollutants, widely persisted in the environment, leading to osteoblast dysfunction and ultimately Cd-related skeletal disease. However, the damaging effects of Cd on cellular functions and the potential pathogenic mechanisms are still unclear. In our study, Cd is believed to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in a dose-dependent manner, thereby leading to apoptosis, as evident by elevated Drp1, Fis1, GRP78, CHOP, ATF4, P-EIF2α, P-PERK, BAX, cleaved caspase 3 proteins expression and ROS levels, and decreased the levels of Mfn2, OPA1, Bcl2, and intracellular Collagen I, B-ALP, RUNX2, and BGP genes. Additionally, when the exogenous addition of NAC and 4-PBA was added, it was found that NAC and 4-PBA had a positive moderating effect on Cd-induced cell dysfunction. Mechanistically, Cd-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis by upregulating the PERK-EIF2α-ATF4-CHOP signaling pathway and inhibiting the Nrf2/NQO1 pathway. In conclusion, we found that Cd was involved in mitochondrial dysfunction, ERS, and apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 cells, While NAC and 4-PBA relieved ERS and attenuated cell apoptosis.

16.
Brief Bioinform ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715986

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Predicting the associations between human microbes and drugs (MDAs) is one critical step in drug development and precision medicine areas. Since discovering these associations through wet experiments is time-consuming and labor-intensive, computational methods have already been an effective way to tackle this problem. Recently, graph contrastive learning (GCL) approaches have shown great advantages in learning the embeddings of nodes from heterogeneous biological graphs (HBGs). However, most GCL-based approaches don't fully capture the rich structure information in HBGs. Besides, fewer MDA prediction methods could screen out the most informative negative samples for effectively training the classifier. Therefore, it still needs to improve the accuracy of MDA predictions. RESULTS: In this study, we propose a novel approach that employs the Structure-enhanced Contrastive learning and Self-paced negative sampling strategy for Microbe-Drug Association predictions (SCSMDA). Firstly, SCSMDA constructs the similarity networks of microbes and drugs, as well as their different meta-path-induced networks. Then SCSMDA employs the representations of microbes and drugs learned from meta-path-induced networks to enhance their embeddings learned from the similarity networks by the contrastive learning strategy. After that, we adopt the self-paced negative sampling strategy to select the most informative negative samples to train the MLP classifier. Lastly, SCSMDA predicts the potential microbe-drug associations with the trained MLP classifier. The embeddings of microbes and drugs learning from the similarity networks are enhanced with the contrastive learning strategy, which could obtain their discriminative representations. Extensive results on three public datasets indicate that SCSMDA significantly outperforms other baseline methods on the MDA prediction task. Case studies for two common drugs could further demonstrate the effectiveness of SCSMDA in finding novel MDA associations. AVAILABILITY: The source code is publicly available on GitHub https://github.com/Yue-Yuu/SCSMDA-master.

17.
J Affect Disord ; 325: 618-626, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is a serious symptom of major depressive disorder (MDD). Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a safe, effective brain stimulation treatment for alleviating suicidal ideation in adults with MDD. This study aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of iTBS on reducing suicidal ideation in adolescent MDD with suicide attempt. METHODS: In a randomized, sham-controlled protocol, a total of 10 sessions of iTBS was administrated to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in patients once a day for two weeks. The suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms were assessed using Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation-Chinese Version (BSI-CV), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-24), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) at baseline and after 10 treatment sessions. RESULTS: Forty-five patients were randomized assigned to either active iTBS (n = 23) or sham group (n = 22). The suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms of the active iTBS group were significantly ameliorated over 2 weeks of treatment. Further, higher baseline SDS, HAMD-24 and BSI-CV scores in the active iTBS group were associated with greater reductions. LIMITATIONS: A larger sample size and double-blinded clinical trial should be conducted to verify the reliability and reproducibility. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggested that daily iTBS of the left DLPFC for 2 weeks could effectively and safely alleviate suicidal ideation and mitigate depression in adolescent MDD, especially for individuals with relatively more severe symptoms. Although caution is warranted, the findings could provide further evidence for the effectiveness and safety of iTBS in clinical practice.

18.
J Child Fam Stud ; : 1-16, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718132

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic presents a significant challenge to the well-being of families with children. Although previous studies have documented COVID-related deterioration in parents' mental health, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. It is also unclear how much of the deterioration is due to the pandemic itself, versus mandated lockdown measures. We conducted a cross-sectional study in Singapore to examine perceived changes in parents' lives and mental health related to the pandemic and lockdown measures. In June 2020, when Singapore had just exited a nationwide lockdown, we asked families to retrospectively report on the family dynamics, daily activities, and mental health of family members during the phases before local transmission (Pre-pandemic), during local transmission but before the lockdown (Pre-lockdown), and during the lockdown (Lockdown). Results from 180 mothers and 166 fathers from 198 families showed significant changes in jobs and income, childcare arrangements, family dynamics, and parents' perceived mental health across the three timepoints. Mothers' increased time spent on housework was associated with the increase in their mental health problems from Pre-lockdown to Lockdown. Parents' increased conflict with other adults in the household was associated with the increase in their mental health problems from Pre-pandemic to Pre-lockdown, and from Pre-lockdown to Lockdown. Mental health problems increased more for young mothers, parents with a graduate or professional degree, and fathers high on authoritarian values. Findings suggest that both the pandemic and the imposed lockdown measures impact parents' lives and family dynamics, in turn leading to deterioration in parents' mental health.

19.
J Biotechnol ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709001

RESUMO

The baculovirus expression system (BEVS) is widely used in biomanufacturing. However, massive late and very late genes are expressed during baculovirus infection of the host cell, and the protein aggregation has a significant negative impact on the intercellular environment of cells and organelle function. Baculovirus particle contamination also hinders the purification of particulate products. In this study, a novel baculovirus vector of deficient-lef5 (Ac-Δlef5) was established to prevent the production of baculovirus particles. It could transduce cells and replicate viral DNA but the expression of the late and very late genes was reduced so that no virus was packed and budded. The Ac-Δlef5 expression system was successfully used to express a secreted protein, thyroid peroxidase (TPO). Compared to wild-type baculovirus (Ac-wt), Ac-Δlef5 delayed the decline in cell viability and prolonged the harvest period from 4 to 6 days after infection. When expressed in the Ac-Δlef5 system, 98% of TPO was secreted extracellularly, which was about 1.8 times that of the Ac-wt system. Meanwhile, the transcription levels of protein folding-related genes were significantly increased. The results show that the Ac-Δlef5 system is a potential novel viral-free baculovirus expression system, which omits the virion removal operation in biomanufacturing.

20.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 195: 310-321, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657296

RESUMO

R2R3-MYB transcription factors play an important role in the synthesis of phenylpropanoid-derived compounds, which in turn provide salt tolerance in plant. In this study, we found that the expression of foxtail millet R2R3-MYB factor SiMYB16 can be induced by salt and drought. SiMYB16 is localized in the nucleus and acts as a transcriptional activator. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that SiMYB16 belongs to the R2R3-MYB transcription factor family subgroup 24. Transgenic rice expressing SiMYB16 (OX16) had a higher survival rate, lower malondialdehyde content, and heavier fresh weight compared with type (WT) under salt stress conditions. The transgenic plants also had a higher germination rate in salt treatment conditions and higher yield in the field compared with wild-type plants. Transcriptome analysis revealed that the up-regulated differential expression genes in the transgenic rice were mainly involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, fatty acid elongation, phenylalanine metabolism, and flavonoid biosynthesis pathways. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis also showed that the genes encoding the major enzymes in the lignin and suberin biosynthesis pathways had higher expression level in SiMYB16 transgenic plants. Correspondingly, the content of flavonoid and lignin, and the activity of fatty acid synthase increased in SiMYB16 transgenic rice compared with wild-type plants under salt stress treatment. These results indicate that SiMYB16 gene can enhance plant salt tolerance by regulating the biosynthesis of lignin and suberin.


Assuntos
Oryza , Setaria (Planta) , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Setaria (Planta)/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Lignina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Secas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...