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1.
Quantum Front ; 3(1): 12, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855163

RESUMO

FeSe is one of the most enigmatic superconductors. Among the family of iron-based compounds, it has the simplest chemical makeup and structure, and yet it displays superconducting transition temperature ( T c ) spanning 0 to 15 K for thin films, while it is typically 8 K for single crystals. This large variation of T c within one family underscores a key challenge associated with understanding superconductivity in iron chalcogenides. Here, using a dual-beam pulsed laser deposition (PLD) approach, we have fabricated a unique lattice-constant gradient thin film of FeSe which has revealed a clear relationship between the atomic structure and the superconducting transition temperature for the first time. The dual-beam PLD that generates laser fluence gradient inside the plasma plume has resulted in a continuous variation in distribution of edge dislocations within a single film, and a precise correlation between the lattice constant and T c has been observed here, namely, T c ∝ c - c 0 , where c is the c-axis lattice constant (and c 0 is a constant). This explicit relation in conjunction with a theoretical investigation indicates that it is the shifting of the d xy orbital of Fe which plays a governing role in the interplay between nematicity and superconductivity in FeSe. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s44214-024-00058-0.

2.
Biophys J ; 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853434

RESUMO

Endothelial cells (ECs) experience a variety of highly dynamic mechanical stresses. Among others, cyclic stretch and increased plasma membrane tension inhibit clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) in non-ECs. It remains elusive how ECs maintain CME in these biophysically unfavorable conditions. Previously, we have used simultaneous two-wavelength axial ratiometry (STAR) microscopy to show that endocytic dynamics are similar between statically cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and fibroblast-like Cos-7 cells. Here, we asked whether biophysical stresses generated by blood flow influence CME. We used our data processing platform - DrSTAR - to examine if clathrin dynamics are altered in HUVECs after experiencing fluidic sheer stress (FSS). We found that HUVECs cultivated under physiological level of FSS had increased clathrin dynamics compared to static controls. FSS increased both clathrin-coated vesicle formation and non-productive flat clathrin lattices by 2.3-fold and 1.9-fold, respectively. The curvature-positive events had significantly delayed curvature initiation relative to clathrin recruitment in flow-stimulated cells, highlighting a shift toward flat-to-curved clathrin transitions in vesicle formation. Overall, our findings indicate that clathrin dynamics and CCV formation can be modulated by the local physiological environment and represents an important regulatory mechanism.

3.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 549, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849852

RESUMO

Cellular communication (CC) influences tumor development by mediating intercellular junctions between cells. However, the role and underlying mechanisms of CC in malignant transformation remain unknown. Here, we investigated the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of CC molecular expression during malignant transformation. It was found that although both tight junctions (TJs) and gap junctions (GJs) were involved in maintaining the tumor microenvironment (TME), they exhibited opposite characteristics. Mechanistically, for epithelial cells (parenchymal component), the expression of TJ molecules consistently decreased during normal-cancer transformation and is a potential oncogenic factor. For fibroblasts (mesenchymal component), the expression of GJs consistently increased during normal-cancer transformation and is a potential oncogenic factor. In addition, the molecular profiles of TJs and GJs were used to stratify colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, where subtypes characterized by high GJ levels and low TJ levels exhibited enhanced mesenchymal signals. Importantly, we propose that leiomodin 1 (LMOD1) is biphasic, with features of both TJs and GJs. LMOD1 not only promotes the activation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) but also inhibits the Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program in cancer cells. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate the molecular heterogeneity of CC and provide new insights into further understanding of TME heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Comunicação Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Microambiente Tumoral , Animais , Humanos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Junções Comunicantes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Autoantígenos/genética , Autoantígenos/metabolismo
4.
Talanta ; 277: 126338, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823328

RESUMO

In this study, a novel technique utilizing vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with magnetic deep eutectic solvents (MDESs) was established and coupled with HPLC-UV to analyze six primary aromatic amines (PAAs). A novel hydrophobic MDES prepared from trioctylphosphine oxide, octanol, and CoCl2 was used as the extractant, which could be dispersed uniformly during extraction, then floated onto the sample surface and re-aggregated into a single drop spontaneously after the extraction. The variables influencing the efficiency of the extraction process were investigated. When performing under the optimal extraction conditions, this method exhibited excellent linearity, low limits of detection (0.2-0.9 ng mL-1), and high precision (RSD ≤ 8.3 %). The enrichment factors ranged from 56 to 182. Satisfactory recoveries in the range of 91.6-109.2 % with RSDs < 7.1 % were obtained from three apple juices and three environmental water samples. The greenness and practicality of the developed method were assessed by AGREE, AGREEprep, and blue applicability grade index metric tools. Overall, the established procedure demonstrated its simplicity, speediness, environmental friendliness, and effectiveness in analyzing PAAs from aqueous matrices.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e30985, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826758

RESUMO

Objectives: FGFR4-variant and wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) organoids were developed to investigate the effects of FGFR4-targeted drugs, including FGFR4-IN and erdafitinib, on CRC and their possible molecular mechanism. Methods: Clinical CRC tissues were collected, seven CRC organoids were developed, and whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed. CRC organoids were cultured and organoid drug sensitivity studies were conducted. Finally, an FGFR4-variant (no wild-type) CRC patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse model was developed. Western blot measured ERK/AKT/STAT3 pathway-related protein levels. Results: WES results revealed the presence of FGFR4-variants in 5 of the 7 CRC organoids. The structural organization and integrity of organoids were significantly altered under the influence of targeted drugs (FGFR4-IN-1 and erdafitinib). The effects of FGFR4 targeted drugs were not selective for FGFR4 genotypes. FGFR4-IN-1 and erdafitinib significantly reduced the growth, diameter, and Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) activity of organoids. Furthermore, chemotherapeutic drugs, including 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin, inhibited FGFR4-variant and wild-type CRC organoid activity. Moreover, the tumor volume of mice was significantly reduced at week 6, and p-ERK1/2, p-AKT, and p-STAT3 levels were down-regulated following FGFR4-IN-1 and erdafitinib treatment. Conclusions: FGFR4-targeted and chemotherapeutic drugs inhibited the activity of FGFR4-variant and wild-type CRC organoids, and targeted drugs were more effective than chemotherapeutic drugs at the same concentration. Additionally, FGFR4 inhibitors hindered tumorigenesis in FGFR4-variant CRC organoids through ERK1/2, AKT, and STAT3 pathways. However, no wild-type control was tested in this experiment, which need further confirmation in the next study.

6.
Microbiol Res ; 286: 127791, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851007

RESUMO

Lycoris radiata is the main source of galanthamine, a clinical drug used in Alzheimer's disease; however, the galanthamine content in L. radiata is low. Lycoris aurea is another Lycoris species with high galanthamine content. Fungal endophytes can enhance plant secondary metabolite accumulation; thus, we compared the fungal communities in these two Lycoris species to identify certain fungal taxa in L. aurea capable of enhancing galanthamine accumulation. Several fungal endophytes, which were enriched in, exclusively isolated from L. aurea, or showed significant correlations with galanthamine, were demonstrated to enhance the accumulation of only galanthamine but no other Amaryllidaceae alkaloids (AAs) in L. radiata. These fungal endophytes mainly upregulated the downstream genes in the biosynthesis pathways of AAs in L. radiata, suggesting that they may allocate more precursors for galanthamine biosynthesis. This study demonstrated that fungal endophytes from L. aurea with higher galanthamine content can specifically enhance the accumulation of this medicinal alkaloid in other Lycoris species, thereby increasing the galanthamine source and reducing galanthamine separation and purification costs. This study broadens our understanding of the complex interactions between plant secondary metabolites and fungal endophytes.

7.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1384913, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884096

RESUMO

Hyalinizing clear cell carcinomas (HCCCs) are infrequent, malignant tumors characterized by their low-grade nature. They typically originate from minor salivary glands. However, these tumors can potentially emerge in any location with minor salivary glands, including the nasopharynx. This report presents two cases of HCCC in females aged 61 and 72 years, with both tumors approximately 4 cm in size. In the first case, a 72-year-old female presented with recurrent bilateral epistaxis. Imaging studies revealed a nasopharyngeal mass, surgically excised, and histopathological analysis confirmed HCCC. Postoperatively, the patient received combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy, achieving a recurrence-free status 2.5 years later. The second case involves a 61-year-old female with a two-year history of bloody nasal discharge. Imaging studies identified a nasopharyngeal lesion, surgically removed, and histopathological examination confirmed HCCC. This patient underwent radiotherapy followed by combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin, displaying no signs of recurrence upon reevaluation after 10 months. These cases highlight the successful management of HCCC through a comprehensive, multimodal approach, integrating surgical intervention and adjuvant therapy. The favorable outcomes emphasize the significance of a thorough treatment strategy for HCCC in the nasopharynx, providing valuable insights for clinicians. Further studies are essential to enhance our understanding of this rare entity and refine treatment protocols for optimized patient outcomes.

8.
Chem Sci ; 15(23): 8913-8921, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873050

RESUMO

The construction and application of metal-organic cages with accessible internal cavities have witnessed rapid development, however, the precise synthesis of complex metal-organic capsules with multiple cavities and achievement of multi-guest encapsulation, and further in-depth comprehension of host-multi-guest recognition remain a great challenge. Just like building LEGO blocks, herein, we have constructed a series of high-order layered metal-organic architectures of generation n (n = 1/2/3/4 is also the number of cavities) by multi-component coordination-driven self-assembly using porphyrin-containing tetrapodal ligands (like plates), multiple parallel-podal ligands (like clamps) and metal ions (like nodes). Importantly, these high-order assembled structures possessed different numbers of rigid and separate cavities formed by overlapped porphyrin planes with specific gaps. The host-guest experiments and convincing characterization proved that these capsules G2-G4 could serve as host structures to achieve multi-guest recognition and unprecedentedly encapsulate up to four C60 molecules. More interestingly, these capsules revealed negative cooperation behavior in the process of multi-guest recognition, which provides a new platform to further study complicated host-multi-guest interaction in the field of supramolecular chemistry.

9.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging (USI) is the gold standard in the clinical diagnosis of thyroid diseases. Compared with two-dimensional (2D) USI, three-dimensional (3D) USI could provide more structural information. However, the unstable pressure generated by the hand-hold ultrasound probe scanning can cause tissue deformation, especially in soft tissues such as the thyroid. The deformation is manifested as tissue structure being compressed in 2D USI, which results in structural discontinuity in 3D USI. Furthermore, multiple scans apply pressure in different directions to the tissue, which will cause relative displacement between the 3D images obtained from multiple thyroid scans. METHODS: In this work, we proposed a framework to minimize the influence of the variation of pressure in thyroid 3D USI. To correct pressure artifacts in a single scanning sequence, an adaptive method to smooth the position of the 2D ultrasound (US) image sequence is adopted before performing volumetric reconstruction. To build a whole 3D US image including both sides of the thyroid gland, an iterative closest point (ICP) based registration pipeline is adopted to eliminate the relative displacement caused by different pressure directions. RESULTS: Our proposed method was validated by in vivo experiments, including healthy volunteers and volunteers with thyroid nodules at different grading levels. CONCLUSIONS: The thyroid gland and nodule are rendered intelligently in the whole scanning region to facilitate the observation of 3D USI results by the doctor. This work might make a positive contribution to the clinical diagnosis of diseases of the thyroid or other soft tissues.

10.
Transl Oncol ; 46: 102009, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. Connexin is a transmembrane protein involved in gap junctions (GJs) formation. Our previous study found that connexin 37 (Cx37), encoded by gap junction protein alpha 4 (GJA4), expressed on fibroblasts acts as a promoter of CRC and is closely related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor immune microenvironment. However, to date, the mechanism concerning the malignancy of GJA4 in tumor stroma has not been studied. METHODS: Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were used to validate the expression and localization of GJA4. Using single-cell analysis, enrichment analysis, spatial transcriptomics, immunofluorescence staining (IF), Sirius red staining, wound healing and transwell assays, western blotting (WB), Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay and in vivo experiments, we investigated the possible mechanisms of GJA4 in promoting CRC. RESULTS: We discovered that in CRC, GJA4 on fibroblasts is involved in promoting fibroblast activation and promoting EMT through a fibroblast-dependent pathway. Furthermore, GJA4 may act synergistically with M2 macrophages to limit T cell infiltration by stimulating the formation of an immune-excluded desmoplasic barrier. Finally, we found a significantly correlation between GJA4 and pathological staging (P < 0.0001) or D2 dimer (R = 0.03, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: We have identified GJA4 expressed on fibroblasts is actually a promoter of the tumor mesenchymal phenotype. Our findings suggest that the interaction between GJA4+ fibroblasts and M2 macrophages may be an effective target for enhancing tumor immunotherapy.

11.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(7): 167303, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38878831

RESUMO

Emerging evidence underscores the importance of CD8+ T cells in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), but the precise mechanisms remain ambiguous. This study intends to elucidate the involvement of a novel subset of follicular CD8+ T cells (CD8+CXCR5+ T) in MS and an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) murine model. The expansion of CD8+CXCR5+ T cells was observed in both MS patients and EAE mice during the acute phase. In relapsing MS patients, higher frequencies of circulating CD8+CXCR5+ T cells were positively correlated with new gadolinium-enhancement lesions in the central nervous system (CNS). In EAE mice, frequencies of CD8+CXCR5+ T cells were also positively correlated with clinical scores. These cells were found to infiltrate into ectopic lymphoid-like structures in the spinal cords during the peak of the disease. Furthermore, CD8+CXCR5+ T cells, exhibiting high expression levels of ICOS, CD40L, IL-21, and IL-6, were shown to facilitate B cell activation and differentiation through a synergistic interaction between CD40L and IL-21. Transferring CD8+CXCR5+ T cells into naïve mice confirmed their ability to enhance the production of anti-MOG35-55 antibodies and contribute to the disease progression. Consequently, CD8+CXCR5+ T cells may play a role in CNS demyelination through heightening humoral immune responses.

12.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 580, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38898490

RESUMO

The importance of the immune microenvironment in poorly cohesive carcinoma (PCC) has been highlighted due to its limited response rate to conventional therapy and emerging treatment resistance. A combination of clinical cohorts, bioinformatics analyses, and functional/molecular experiments revealed that high infiltration of Interferon Induced Protein with Tetratricopeptide Repeats 1 (IFIT1) + tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) is a distinguishing feature of PCC patients. Upregulation of IFIT1 + TANs promote migration and invasion of gastric cancer (GC) cell lines (MKN45 and MKN74) and stimulates the growth of cell-derived xenograft models. Besides, by promoting macrophage secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) expression and facilitating cancer-associated fibroblast and endothelial cell recruitment and activation through TANs, IFIT1 promotes a mesenchymal phenotype, which is associated with a poor prognosis. Importantly, compared to non-PCC (NPCC), PCC tumors is more immunosuppressive. Mechanistically, IFIT1 can be stimulated by IFN-γ and contributes to the expression of Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand (PDL1) in TANs. We demonstrated in mouse models that IFIT1 + PDL1 + TANs can induce acquired resistance to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy, which may be responsible for the difficulty of PCC patients to benefit from immunotherapy. This work highlights the role of IFIT1 + TANs in mediating the remodeling of the tumor immune microenvironment and immunotherapeutic resistance and introduces IFIT1 + TANs as a promising target for precision therapy of PCC.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Neutrófilos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Humanos , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Feminino , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Movimento Celular , Tolerância Imunológica , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Invasividade Neoplásica , Camundongos Nus , Imunoterapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Ultrason Imaging ; : 1617346241259049, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38903053

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound imaging can be accomplished by reconstructing a sequence of two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound images. However, 2D ultrasound images usually suffer from low resolution in the elevation direction, thereby impacting the accuracy of 3D reconstructed results. The lateral resolution of 2D ultrasound is known to significantly exceed the elevation resolution. By combining scanning sequences acquired from orthogonal directions, the effects of poor elevation resolution can be mitigated through a composite reconstructing process. Moreover, capturing ultrasound images from multiple perspectives necessitates a precise probe positioning method with a wide angle of coverage. Optical tracking is popularly used for probe positioning for its high accuracy and environment-robustness. In this paper, a novel large-angle accurate optical positioning method is used for enhancing resolution in 3D ultrasound imaging through orthogonal-view scanning and composite reconstruction. Experiments on two phantoms proved that our method could significantly improve reconstruction accuracy in the elevation direction of the probe compared with single-angle parallel scanning. The results indicate that our method holds the potential to improve current 3D ultrasound imaging techniques.

14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12026, 2024 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797785

RESUMO

The transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry is supported by smart and green manufacturing, which have great potential to empower the nation's green development. This study examines the impact of the Made in China 2025 industrial policy on urban green economic growth. This study applies the super-slacks-based measure model to measure cities' green economic growth, using the double machine learning model, which overcomes the limitations of the linear setting of traditional causal inference models and maintains estimation accuracy under high-dimensional control variables, to conduct an empirical analysis based on panel data of 281 Chinese cities from 2006 to 2021. The results reveal that the Made in China 2025 strategy significantly drives urban green economic growth, and this finding holds after a series of robustness tests. A mechanism analysis indicates that the Made in China 2025 strategy promotes green economic growth through green technology progress, optimizing energy consumption structure, upgrading industrial structure, and strengthening environmental supervision. In addition, the policy has a stronger driving effect for cities with high manufacturing concentration, industrial intelligence, and digital finance development. This study provides valuable theoretical insights and policy implications for government planning to promote high-quality development through industrial policy.

15.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(3): e885, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38798048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Calcifying nanoparticles (CNPs), referred to as nanobacteria (NB), are recognized to be associated with ectopic calcification. This study aims to isolate and culture CNPs from the dental plaque of patients with periodontal disease and investigate their possible role in unravelling the aetiology of periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Supragingival and subgingival plaques were sampled from 30 periodontitis patients for CNPs isolation and culture. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) content changes were tracked over time. Positive samples underwent thorough morphological identification via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, Alizarin red S (ARS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The chemical composition of CNPs analysis involved calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) content determination, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). RESULTS: The subgingival plaque dental group exhibited a higher CNPs isolation rate at 36.67% (11/30) compared to the supragingival dental plaque group at 66.67% (20/30). ALP activity varied among the positive, negative and control groups. Morphological observation characterized the CNPs as round, oval, and ellipsoid particles with Ca deposits. Chemical analysis revealed the Ca/P ratio was 0.6753. Hydroxyl, methyl, carbonate, phosphate, hydrogen phosphate, and dihydrogen phosphate were detected by FTIR; the main chemical components detected by XRD were hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate. CONCLUSION: CNPs were found in periodontitis-related dental plaque and exhibited the potential to develop calcified structures resembling dental calculus. However, the potential involvement of ALP in CNPs formation requires deeper exploration, as does the precise nature of its role and the interrelation with periodontitis demand a further comprehensive investigation.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Nanopartículas Calcificantes , Placa Dentária , Difração de Raios X , Humanos , Nanopartículas Calcificantes/metabolismo , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Placa Dentária/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Fósforo/análise , Fósforo/metabolismo , Periodontite/microbiologia , Periodontite/patologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Feminino , Adulto , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cálcio/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748527

RESUMO

Large capacitive loading of electrodes induces massive error current and imperfect settling in the electrochemical signal acquisition process, leading to inaccurate acquisition results. To efficiently mitigate this inaccuracy, this paper presents a current-and-voltage dual-mode acquisition technique in which a voltage front-end (VFE) is employed to acquire the electrode voltage error and compensate the nonlinearity induced by the electrode capacitive loading. Therefore, the gain and bandwidth requirements of the current front end (CFE) can be relaxed to reduce the complexity and power consumption. With a relieved gain requirement, an inverter-based capacitive trans-impedance amplifier (IB-CTIA) is adopted to boost the input transconductance for low-noise design. By reusing the supply current, the IB-CTIA effectively achieves a low input-referred current noise of 3.9 pArms and a dynamic range (DR) of 126 dB with only 18-µW static power. The prototype chip is fabricated in a 180-nm CMOS process. Interleukin-6 immunoassays (IL-6) are implemented to verify the chip's performance. With the proposed nonlinear error compensation, the correlation coefficient of the detection result is improved from 0.951 to 0.980 and the limit of detection (LoD) is reduced from 8.31 pg/mL to 6.90 pg/mL.

17.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 12639-12671, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718193

RESUMO

Since the discovery of ferromagnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 that exhibit enzyme-like activity in 2007, the research on nanoenzymes has made significant progress. With the in-depth study of various nanoenzymes and the rapid development of related nanotechnology, nanoenzymes have emerged as a promising alternative to natural enzymes. Within nanozymes, there is a category of metal-based single-atom nanozymes that has been rapidly developed due to low cast, convenient preparation, long storage, less immunogenicity, and especially higher efficiency. More importantly, single-atom nanozymes possess the capacity to scavenge reactive oxygen species through various mechanisms, which is beneficial in the tissue repair process. Herein, this paper systemically highlights the types of metal single-atom nanozymes, their catalytic mechanisms, and their recent applications in tissue repair. The existing challenges are identified and the prospects of future research on nanozymes composed of metallic nanomaterials are proposed. We hope this review will illuminate the potential of single-atom nanozymes in tissue repair, encouraging their sequential clinical translation.


Assuntos
Enzimas , Humanos , Enzimas/química , Enzimas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Catálise , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanotecnologia
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12404, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811754

RESUMO

In order to obtain an understanding of the relationship between the optical absorption and the transverse relaxation, the influences of linearly polarized light respectively at 133Cs D1 and D2 lines on the transverse relaxation of ground-state 133Cs atoms are studied. Under different vapor temperatures, light intensities and light frequencies, transverse spin relaxation times are separately measured for 133Cs atoms in different hyperfine levels. For theoretically analyzing the measuring results, especially for an unusual trend that the transverse spin relaxation time rises with the increase of light intensity, photon absorption cross-sections of linearly polarized light by 133Cs atoms are simulated. The experimental results show that through influencing the optical absorption and spin-exchange collisions, the linearly polarized light plays a remarkable role in the transverse spin relaxation. The results obtained by this paper can provide a guide to find the optimal intensity and frequency of linearly polarized light in practical applications for decreasing the influences of linearly polarized light on the transverse relaxation.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(14): 2332-2341, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up until now, no research has been reported on the association between the clinical growth rate of multilocular cystic renal neoplasm of low malignant potential (MCRNLMP) and computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics. Our study sought to examine the correlation between them, with the objective of distinguishing unique features of MCRNLMP from renal cysts and exploring effective management strategies. AIM: To investigate optimal management strategies of MCRNLMP. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed data from 1520 patients, comprising 1444 with renal cysts and 76 with MCRNLMP, who underwent renal cyst decompression, radical nephrectomy, or nephron-sparing surgery for renal cystic disease between January 2013 and December 2021 at our institution. Detection of MCRNLMP utilized the Bosniak classification for imaging and the 2016 World Health Organization criteria for clinical pathology. RESULTS: Our meticulous exploration has revealed compelling findings on the occurrence of MCRNLMP. Precisely, it comprises 1.48% of all cases involving simple renal cysts, 5.26% of those with complex renal cysts, and a noteworthy 12.11% of renal tumors coexisting with renal cysts, indicating a statistically significant difference (P = 0.001). Moreover, MCRNLMP constituted a significant 22.37% of the patient population whose cysts demonstrated a rapid growth rate of ≥ 2.0 cm/year, whereas it only represented 0.66% among those with a growth rate below 2.0 cm/year. Of the 76 MCRNLMP cases studied, none of the nine patients who underwent subsequent nephron-sparing surgery or radical nephrectomy following renal cyst decompression experienced recurrence or metastasis. In the remaining 67 patients, who were actively monitored over a 3-year postoperative period, only one showed suspicious recurrence on CT scans. CONCLUSION: MCRNLMP can be tentatively identified and categorized into three types based on CT scanning and growth rate indicators. In treating MCRNLMP, partial nephrectomy is preferred, while radical nephrectomy should be minimized. After surgery, active monitoring is advisable to prevent unnecessary nephrectomy.

20.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e31137, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778969

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence of breast cancer (BRCA), which is common among women, is on the rise. This study applied network pharmacology to explore the potential mechanism of action of herba sarcandrae in BRCA and construct a prognostic signature composed of inflammation-related genes. Methods: The active ingredients of herba sarcandrae were screened using the SymMap, TCMID, and TCMSP platforms, and the molecular targets were determined in the UniProt database. The "drug-active compound-potential target" network was established with Cytoscape 3.7.2. The molecular targets were subjected to disease ontology, gene ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes (KEGG) analyses. AutoDock software was used for molecular docking. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to inflammation were obtained from the BRCA Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. In the training cohort, the univariate Cox regression model was applied to preliminarily screen prognostic genes. A multigene signature was built by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression model, followed by validation through Kaplan‒Meier, Cox, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. Results: Forty-one active compounds were identified, and 265 therapeutic targets for herba sarcandrae were predicted. GO enrichment results revealed significant enrichment of biological processes, such as response to xenobiotic stimuli, response to nutrient levels, and response to lipopolysaccharide. KEGG analysis revealed significant enrichment of pathways such as AGE-RAGE and chemical carcinogenesis receptor activation signaling pathways. In addition, the herbs Marc-Andre and rutin were shown to mediate BRCA cell proliferation and apoptosis via the interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway. Sixteen inflammatory signatures, including BST2, GPR132, IL12B, IL18, IL1R1, IL2RB, IRF1, and others, were constructed, and the risk score was found to be a strong independent prognostic factor for overall survival in BRCA patients. The 16-inflammation signature was associated with several clinical features (age, clinical stage, T, and N classifications) and could reflect immune cell infiltration in tumor microenvironments with different immune cells. Conclusions: Herba sarcandrae and rutin were shown to mediate BRCA cell proliferation and apoptosis via the IRF1/STAT3/PD-L1 pathway, and the 16-member inflammatory signature might be a novel biomarker for predicting BRCA patient prognosis, providing more accurate guidance for clinical treatment prognosis evaluation and having important reference value for individualized treatment selection.

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