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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 365-374, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) constitutes the primary approach for treating resectable advanced gastric cancer (GC). However, the effectiveness of postoperative CT can differ across various patient groups. This retrospective study aimed to examine how variances in clinical and pathologic factors affect postoperative CT. METHODS: This study enrolled 2060 patients with GC who underwent curative gastrectomy at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 2008 and December 2017, with 1277 receiving postoperative CT. This study used Kaplan-Meier to determine the effect of clinical and pathology factors on CT benefits. In addition, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify independent prognosis risk factors. RESULTS: Both univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that the absence of postoperative CT is an independent factor associated with a poor prognosis in patients with GC. The Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis revealed that specific subgroups, including males, those with a normal body mass index (BMI), the elderly, individuals with gastric adenocarcinoma, cases of nerve invasion by the tumor, vascular invasion by the tumor, tumor size ≥ 5 cm, and Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) stage III, exhibited improved treatment outcomes with the administration of postoperative CT. The creation of nomograms using Cox regression and the rms package holds significant clinical relevance. CONCLUSION: Postoperative CT is advantageous for prolonging the survival of advanced patients undergoing D2 gastrectomy, particularly in male patients, the elderly, individuals with a normal BMI score, those diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma, cases, in which the tumor invades nerves or blood vessels, patients with a tumor size of ≥5 cm, and those with a TNM stage of III, as it results in improved treatment outcomes within these subgroups.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos
2.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565891

RESUMO

Cyanobacteria are the oldest prokaryotic photoautotrophic microorganisms and have evolved complicated post-translational modification (PTM) machinery to respond to environmental stress. Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is a newly identified PTM that is reported to play important roles in diverse biological processes, however, its distribution and function in cyanobacteria have not been reported. Here, we performed the first systematic studies of Khib in a model cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002 (Syn7002) using peptide prefractionation, pan-Khib antibody enrichment, and high-accuracy mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. A total of 1875 high-confidence Khib sites on 618 proteins were identified, and a large proportion of Khib sites are present on proteins in the cellular metabolism, protein synthesis, and photosynthesis pathways. Using site-directed mutagenesis and functional studies, we showed that Khib of glutaredoxin (Grx) affects the efficiency of the PS II reaction center and H2O2 resistance in Syn7002. Together, this study provides novel insights into the functions of Khib in cyanobacteria and suggests that reversible Khib may influence the stress response and photosynthesis in both cyanobacteria and plants.

3.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 95(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557883

RESUMO

Quantitative phase imaging (QPI) provides 3D structural and morphological information for label free living cells. Unfortunately, this quantitative phase information cannot meet doctors' diagnostic requirements of the clinical "gold standard," which displays stained cells' pathological states based on 2D color features. To make QPI results satisfy the clinical "gold standard," the virtual staining method by QPI for label free lymphocytes based on self-supervised iteration Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks (CycleGANs) is proposed herein. The 3D phase information of QPI is, therefore, trained and transferred to a kind of 2D "virtual staining" image that is well in agreement with "gold standard" results. To solve the problem that unstained QPI and stained "gold standard" results cannot be obtained for the same label free living cell, the self-supervised iteration for the CycleGAN deep learning algorithm is designed to obtain a trained stained result as the ground truth for error evaluation. The structural similarity index of our virtual staining experimental results for 8756 lymphocytes is 0.86. Lymphocytes' area errors after converting to 2D virtual stained results from 3D phase information are less than 3.59%. The mean error of the nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio is 2.69%, and the color deviation from the "gold standard" is less than 6.67%.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , 60704 , Coloração e Rotulagem
4.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e080211, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The elimination of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of syphilis has been set as a public health priority. However, an instrument to predict the MTCT of syphilis is not available. We aimed to develop and validate an intuitive nomogram to predict the individualised risk of MTCT in pregnant women with syphilis in China. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Data was acquired from the National Information System of Prevention of MTCT of Syphilis in Guangdong province between 2011 and 2020. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 860 pregnant women with syphilis and their infants were included and randomised 7:3 into the derivation cohort (n=9702) and validation cohort (n=4158). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Congenital syphilis. RESULTS: Among 13 860 pregnant women with syphilis and their infants included, 1370 infants were diagnosed with congenital syphilis. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression and multivariable logistic regression showed that age, ethnicity, registered residence, marital status, number of pregnancies, transmission route, the timing of syphilis diagnosis, stage of syphilis, time from first antenatal care to syphilis diagnosis and toluidine red unheated serum test titre were predictors of MTCT of syphilis. A nomogram was developed based on the predictors, which demonstrated good calibration and discrimination with an area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic of 0.741 (95% CI: 0.728 to 0.755) and 0.731 (95% CI: 0.710 to 0.752) for the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The net benefit of the predictive models was positive, demonstrating a significant potential for clinical decision-making. We have also developed a web calculator based on this prediction model. CONCLUSIONS: Our nomogram exhibited good performance in predicting individualised risk for MTCT of syphilis, which may help guide early and personalised prevention for MTCT of syphilis.


Assuntos
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Sífilis Congênita , Sífilis , Lactente , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Gestantes , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Sífilis Congênita/diagnóstico , Sífilis Congênita/prevenção & controle , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle
5.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 121, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the potential of Native T1-mapping in predicting the prognosis of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We enrolled 119 CKD patients as the study subjects and included 20 healthy volunteers as the control group, with follow-up extending until October 2022. Out of these patients, 63 underwent kidney biopsy measurements, and these patients were categorized into high (25-50%), low (< 25%), and no renal interstitial fibrosis (IF) (0%) groups. The study's endpoint event was the initiation of renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation, or an increase of over 30% in serum creatinine levels. Cox regression analysis determined factors influencing unfavorable kidney outcomes. We employed Kaplan-Meier analysis to contrast kidney survival rates between the high and low T1 groups. Additionally, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis assessed the predictive accuracy of Native T1-mapping for kidney endpoint events. RESULTS: T1 values across varying fibrosis degree groups showed statistical significance (F = 4.772, P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression pinpointed 24-h urine protein, cystatin C(CysC), hemoglobin(Hb), and T1 as factors tied to the emergence of kidney endpoint events. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a markedly higher likelihood of kidney endpoint events in the high T1 group compared to the low T1 value group (P < 0.001). The ROC curves for variables (CysC, T1, Hb) tied to kidney endpoint events demonstrated area under the curves(AUCs) of 0.83 (95%CI: 0.75-0.91) for CysC, 0.77 (95%CI: 0.68-0.86) for T1, and 0.73 (95%CI: 0.63-0.83) for Hb. Combining these variables elevated the AUC to 0.88 (95%CI: 0.81-0.94). CONCLUSION: Native T1-mapping holds promise in facilitating more precise and earlier detection of CKD patients most at risk for end-stage renal disease.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Rim , Prognóstico , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Fibrose , Hemoglobinas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 46(1): 33-38, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433628

RESUMO

Objective To visualize the research status and hotspots of women's common disease screening based on CiteSpace 6.1.R6,and to provide a reference for the in-depth research in this field thereafter. Methods The relevant articles were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure with the time interval from January 1,1992 to December 13,2022.The analysis was conducted on the number of annual publications,countries(regions),institutions,author collaboration networks,keyword co-occurrence,clustering,and bursts. Results A total of 900 papers that met the criteria were included,and the number of annual publications showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing.The cross-institutional collaboration network was mature.The research hotspots mainly covered women's health,the prevalence of women's diseases,reproductive health,and breast diseases.The hotspots have evolved from an initial focus on reproductive health care to gynecological disease management,and eventually to reproductive health and holistic health care in women. Conclusions The attention should be kept on the screening of women's common diseases.It is advisable to synchronize the screening of women's common diseases with the screening of cervical and breast cancers to expand the screening coverage,promote early disease detection and treatment,and comprehensively safeguard women's health.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Pescoço
7.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 46(1): 119-127, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433641

RESUMO

Urban traffic is closely related to the daily life of the public,and air pollution in the traffic microenvironment has become a public health problem that cannot be ignored.This paper reviews the comparative studies of air pollutant exposure levels among different modes of transportation in multiple cities in China.By comparing the exposure levels of pollutants among different modes of transportation,this paper provides a reference for protecting the health of the public in daily transportation and selecting targeted control measures.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Cidades , China
8.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 17: 825-832, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434485

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (HP) infections affect approximately one-third of children worldwide. In China, the incidence of HP infection in children ranges from approximately 30% to 60%. In addition to damaging the gastrointestinal tract mucosa, HP infection in children can negatively affect their growth and development, hematology, respiratory and hepatobiliary system, skin, nutritional metabolism, and autoimmune system. However, the rate of HP eradication also fell considerably from the previous rate due to the presence of drug-resistant HP strains and the limited types of antibiotics that can be used in young patients. Vitamin D3 (VitD3) is a steroid hormone that can reduce inflammation in the stomach mucosa induced by HP and can alleviate and eradicate HP through a variety of pathways and mechanisms, including immune regulation and the stimulation of antimicrobial peptide (AMP) secretion and Ca2+ influx, to reestablish lysosomal acidification; thus, these results provide new strategies and ideas for the eradication of drug-resistant HP strains.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2307899, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460164

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) presents a formidable global health challenge, and conventional therapies face efficacy limitations. Ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7) plays pivotal roles in GC development, immune response, and chemo-resistance, making it a promising target. Various USP7 inhibitors have shown selectivity and efficacy in preclinical studies. However, the mechanistic role of USP7 has not been fully elucidated, and currently, no USP7 inhibitors have been approved for clinical use. In this study, DHPO is identified as a potent USP7 inhibitor for GC treatment through in silico screening. DHPO demonstrates significant anti-tumor activity in vitro, inhibiting cell viability and clonogenic ability, and preventing tumor migration and invasion. In vivo studies using orthotopic gastric tumor mouse models validate DHPO's efficacy in suppressing tumor growth and metastasis without significant toxicity. Mechanistically, DHPO inhibition triggers ferroptosis, evidenced by mitochondrial alterations, lipid Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation, and iron overload. Further investigations unveil USP7's regulation of Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (SCD) through deubiquitination, linking USP7 inhibition to SCD degradation and ferroptosis induction. Overall, this study identifies USP7 as a key player in ferroptosis of GC, elucidates DHPO's inhibitory mechanisms, and highlights its potential for GC treatment by inducing ferroptosis through SCD regulation.

10.
Cancer Med ; 13(4): e7011, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic implications of gastric neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NENs). METHODS: A retrospective enrollment of 142 patients diagnosed with g-NENs was conducted at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2021. The study compared essential clinicopathological features and survival rates. Additionally, the prognosis of gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas/mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (g-NEC/MiNEN) were contrasted with those of gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) and signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC). RESULTS: The study comprised a total of 142 g-NENs cases, with a male-to-female ratio of approximately 2:1. The 5-year survival rates for g-NEC and g-MiNEN were 26.7% and 35.2%, respectively. Corresponding 5-year survival rates for G1 and G2 were observed at 100% and 80.0%, respectively. g-NEC/MiNEN showed a significantly worse prognosis compared to g-NET (p < 0.001). g-NEC/MiNEN exhibited a poor prognosis compared to GAC (p < 0.001), and within poorly differentiated GAC, g-NEC/MiNEN demonstrated a worse prognosis (p = 0.007). Additionally, patients receiving postoperative adjuvant therapy exhibited notably prolonged overall survival (OS) in the case of g-NEC/MiNEN (p = 0.010). CONCLUSION: In short, the prognosis of g-NEC/MiNEN was worse than that of g-NET, GAC and poorly differentiated GAC, but this group benefit from postoperative adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Prognóstico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia
11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(1): 75, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annulus fibrosis (AF) defects have been identified as the primary cause of disc herniation relapse and subsequent disc degeneration following discectomy. Stem cell-based tissue engineering offers a promising approach for structural repair. Menstrual blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MenSCs), a type of adult stem cell, have gained attention as an appealing source for clinical applications due to their potential for structure regeneration, with ease of acquisition and regardless of ethical issues. METHODS: The differential potential of MenSCs cocultured with AF cells was examined by the expression of collagen I, SCX, and CD146 using immunofluorescence. Western blot and ELISA were used to examine the expression of TGF-ß and IGF-I in coculture system. An AF defect animal model was established in tail disc of Sprague-Dawley rats (males, 8 weeks old). An injectable gel containing MenSCs (about 1*106/ml) was fabricated and transplanted into the AF defects immediately after the animal model establishment, to evaluate its repairment properties. Disc degeneration was assessed via magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and histological staining. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to assess the expression of aggrecan, MMP13, TGF-ß and IGF-I in discs with different treatments. Apoptosis in the discs was evaluated using TUNEL, caspase3, and caspase 8 immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Coculturing MenSCs with AF cells demonstrated ability to express collagen I and biomarkers of AF cells. Moreover, the coculture system presented upregulation of the growth factors TGF-ß and IGF-I. After 12 weeks, discs treated with MenSCs gel exhibited significantly lower Pffirrmann scores (2.29 ± 0.18), compared to discs treated with MenSCs (3.43 ± 0.37, p < 0.05) or gel (3.71 ± 0.29, p < 0.01) alone. There is significant higher MR index in disc treated with MenSCs gel than that treated with MenSCs (0.51 ± 0.05 vs. 0.24 ± 0.04, p < 0.01) or gel (0.51 ± 0.05 vs. 0.26 ± 0.06, p < 0.01) alone. Additionally, MenSCs gel demonstrated preservation of the structure of degenerated discs, as indicated by histological scoring (5.43 ± 0.43 vs. 9.71 ± 1.04 in MenSCs group and 10.86 ± 0.63 in gel group, both p < 0.01), increased aggrecan expression, and decreased MMP13 expression in vivo. Furthermore, the percentage of TUNEL and caspase 3-positive cells in the disc treated with MenSCs Gel was significantly lower than those treated with gel alone and MenSCs alone. The expression of TGF-ß and IGF-I was higher in discs treated with MenSCs gel or MenSCs alone than in those treated with gel alone. CONCLUSION: MenSCs embedded in collagen I gel has the potential to preserve the disc structure and prevent disc degeneration after discectomy, which was probably attributed to the paracrine of growth factors of MenSCs.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz , Agrecanas/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Discotomia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
12.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1293638, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487662

RESUMO

Culture is one of the most important factors in attracting tourists and influencing the tourist experience. In China, "theme park" is a new field of tourism research, an excellent theme park can not only drive the development of a city's tourism industry, but also help it better publicize its history and culture. The article takes Kaifeng, China as the background, and selects the Song Dynasty historical and cultural theme park, which was established based on the traditional ink painting Qingming Riverside Drawing, as an example, to study the factors affecting tourists' travel experience in historical and cultural theme parks, and based on which it explores the reasons for the formation of tourists' satisfaction and post-trip behavioral intentions, to provide references and suggestions for the development of cultural theme parks from the point of view of travel experience. Based on the expectation confirmation theory, this essay introduces five constructs, namely, expectation (tourism motivation), performance (service quality), confirmation (tourism experience), satisfaction, and post-trip behavior intention, to construct a model of the factors influencing tourists' satisfaction by tourism experience in historical theme parks and analyze the intrinsic correlation among the factors within the model. It is found that tourists' tourism experience is mainly affected by tourism motivation and service quality, satisfaction and post-trip behavior intention are jointly determined by the above three. According to the research results, this study believes that tourism motivation, service quality, and tourism experience should be the focus of attention of the current tourist destinations, therefore, focusing on tourists' motivation to optimize the quality of service, helping tourists to enhance the sense of tourism experience, and improving based on the above focuses is of great significance to promote the development of historical and cultural theme parks.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(11): 7594-7604, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462726

RESUMO

The preservation of chirality during a transformation process, known as the "chiral memory" effect, has garnered significant attention across multiple research disciplines. Here, we first report the retention of the original chiral structure during dynamic covalent chemistry (DCC)-induced structural transformation from porous organic cages into covalent organic frameworks (COFs). A total of six two-dimensional chiral COFs constructed by entirely achiral building blocks were obtained through the DCC-induced substitution of chiral linkers in a homochiral cage (CC3-R or -S) using achiral amine monomers. Homochirality of these COFs resulted from the construction of 3-fold-symmetric benzene-1,3,5-methanimine cores with a propeller-like configuration of one single-handedness throughout the cage-to-COF transformation. The obtained chiral COFs can be further utilized as fluorescence sensors or chiral stationary phases for gas chromatography with high enantioselectivity. The present study thus highlighted the great potential to expand the scope of functional chiral materials via DCC-induced crystal-to-crystal transformation with the chiral memory effect.

14.
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14776, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494661

RESUMO

A meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the impact of cluster nursing interventions on the prevention of pressure ulcers (PUs) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Computer searches were performed in databases including Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Wanfang and China National Knowledge Infrastructure for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) implementing cluster nursing interventions for PUs prevention in ICU patients, with the search period covering the database inception to November 2023. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data and conducted quality assessments. Stata 17.0 software was employed for data analysis. Overall, 17 RCTs involving 1463 ICU patients were included. The analysis showed that compared with conventional nursing, cluster nursing interventions significantly reduced the incidence of PUs (odds ratio: 0.24, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.17-0.34, p < 0.001) and also significantly improved the levels of anxiety (standardized mean difference [SMD]: -1.39, 95% CI: -1.57 to 1.22, p < 0.001) and depression (SMD: -1.64, 95% CI: -2.02 to 1.26, p < 0.001) in ICU patients. This study indicates that the application of cluster nursing interventions in ICU patients can effectively reduce the incidence of PUs, as well as improve patients' anxiety and depression levels, thereby enhancing their quality of life, which is worth clinical promotion and application.


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão , Humanos , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Ansiedade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Supuração
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498759

RESUMO

Nowadays, AR HMDs are widely used in scenarios such as intelligent manufacturing and digital factories. In a factory environment, fast and accurate text input is crucial for operators' efficiency and task completion quality. However, the traditional AR keyboard may not meet this requirement, and the noisy environment is unsuitable for voice input. In this article, we introduce Eye-Hand Typing, an intelligent AR keyboard. We leverage the speed advantage of eye gaze and use a Bayesian process based on the information of gaze points to infer users' text input intentions. We improve the underlying keyboard algorithm without changing user input habits, thereby improving factory users' text input speed and accuracy. In real-time applications, when the user's gaze point is on the keyboard, the Bayesian process can predict the most likely characters, vocabulary, or commands that the user will input based on the position and duration of the gaze point and input history. The system can enlarge and highlight recommended text input options based on the predicted results, thereby improving user input efficiency. A user study showed that compared with the current HoloLens 2 system keyboard, Eye-Hand Typing could reduce input error rates by 28.31% and improve text input speed by 14.5%. It also outperformed a gaze-only technique, being 43.05% more accurate and 39.55% faster. And it was no significant compromise in eye fatigue. Users also showed positive preferences.

16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308422, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520724

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that metabolic reprogramming of cancer cells supports the energy and metabolic demands during tumor metastasis. However, the metabolic alterations underlying lymph node metastasis (LNM) of cervical cancer (CCa) have not been well recognized. In the present study, it is found that lymphatic metastatic CCa cells have reduced dependency on glucose and glycolysis but increased fatty acid oxidation (FAO). Inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A) significantly compromises palmitate-induced cell stemness. Mechanistically, FAO-derived acetyl-CoA enhances H3K27 acetylation (H3K27Ac) modification level in the promoter of stemness genes, increasing stemness and nodal metastasis in the lipid-rich nodal environment. Genetic and pharmacological loss of CPT1A function markedly suppresses the metastatic colonization of CCa cells in tumor-draining lymph nodes. Together, these findings propose an effective method of cancer therapy by targeting FAO in patients with CCa and lymph node metastasis.

17.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101314, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38550895

RESUMO

This study aimed to utilize Enterococcus lactis S-15 for the preparation of fermented shrimp gels. The gel properties and the gelation mechanism of proteins were investigated under acid-induced denaturation and protein degradation, and the quality of the gel was evaluated. Results showed that the pH of the shrimp surimi decreased from 7.35 to 4.74. The optimal gel strength observed at 24 h of fermentation was 326.41 g × cm, and disulfide bonds played a crucial role in the fermented gel. The fermented gel exhibited higher cooking loss rates and freeze-thaw loss rates compared to the heat-induced gel (control). However, fermented gels exhibited high overall acceptability both before and after cooking. The volatile basic nitrogen content in the fermented gel remained below 28.00 mg/100 g, within the safe range, and no histamine was detected. The results provide valuable data for the development and reprocessing of fermented shrimp surimi gel.

18.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 10(1): 70, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548756

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) utilizing prospective cohort study and Mendelian randomization. The dataset contained a substantial cohort of 426,911 participants from the UK Biobank, discussing the association between IBS and PD with Cox proportional hazards models and case-control analysis while adjusting for covariates such as age, gender, ethnicity and education level. In univariate Cox regression model, the risk of PD was reduced in IBS patients (HR: 0.774, 95%CI: 0.625-0.956, P = 0.017), but the statistical significance diminished in the three models after adjusting for other variables. In a few subgroup analyses, IBS patients are less likely to develop into PD, and patients diagnosed with IBS after 2000 also had a lower risk (HR: 0.633, 95%CI: 0.403-0.994, P = 0.047) of subsequently developing PD. In addition, we matched five healthy control participants based on gender and age at the end of the study for each IBS patient diagnosed during the follow-up period, and logistic regression results (OR:1.239, 95%CI: 0.896-1.680, P = 0.181) showed that IBS was not associated with the risk of PD. Mendelian randomization did not find significant evidence of the causal relationship between IBS and Parkinson's disease (OR: 0.801, 95%CI: 0.570-1.278, P = 0.204). Overall, we suggest that IBS status is not associated with the risk of developing PD, and that these findings provide valuable insights into the clinical management and resource allocation of patients with IBS.

19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 149: 109524, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527657

RESUMO

Recent studies have increasingly linked miRNAs with the modulation of inflammatory responses and immunosuppressive activities. This investigation reveals that mir-30e-3p selectively binds to and modulates gimap8, as demonstrated by luciferase reporter assays and qPCR analyses. Upon LPS stimulation of CIK cells, mir-30e-3p expression was notably elevated, inversely correlating with a decrease in gimap8 mRNA levels. Overexpression of mir-30e-3p attenuated the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines beyond the effect of LPS alone, suggesting a regulatory role of mir-30e-3p in inflammation mediated by the gimap8 gene. These insights contribute to our understanding of the complex mechanisms governing inflammatory and immune responses.

20.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 1415-1423, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533266

RESUMO

The gut-islets axis is an important endocrine signaling axis that regulates the function of islets by modulating the gut micro-environment and its endocrine metabolism. The discovery of intestinal hormones, such as GLP-1 and GIP, has established a preliminary link between the gut and the islet, paving the way for the development of GLP-1 receptor agonists based on the regulation theory of the gut-islets axis for diabetes treatment. This discovery has created a new paradigm for diabetes management and rapidly made the regulation theory of the gut-islets axis a focal point of research attention. Recent years, with in-depth study on gut microbiota and the discovery of intestinal-derived extracellular vesicles, the concept of gut endocrine and the regulation theory of the gut-islets axis have been further expanded and updated, offering tremendous research opportunities. The gut-islets axis refers to the complex interplay between the gut and the islet, which plays a crucial role in regulating glucose homeostasis and maintaining metabolic health. The axis involves various components, including gut microbiota, intestinal hormones, amino acids and ACE2, which contribute to the communication and coordination between the gut and the islet.

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