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1.
Res Vet Sci ; 174: 105304, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759349

RESUMO

Periodontosis is the most common clinical disease in adult dogs, which is mainly caused by plaque accumulation and seriously endangers the oral health of dogs and even cause kidney, myocardial, and liver problems in severe cases. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy of dental chew (Cature Brushing Treats product) with mechanical and chemical properties in beagles. The dogs in the experimental group were fed with a dental chew twice a day after meals; The control group had no treatment. Dental plaque was evaluated on the 14th day and 29th day, respectively. The concentration of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in the breath and dental calculus were also evaluated on the 29th day. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the indexes of dental plaque on the 14th day. While they had significantly reduced accumulation of plaque (37.63%), calculus (37.61%), and VSC concentration (81.08%) compared to when receiving no chew on the 29th day.

3.
Front Allergy ; 5: 1345929, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774588

RESUMO

Background: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising allergen-specific approach in the management of food allergy; however, studies on OIT for allergic rhinitis (AR) have rarely been reported. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of OIT using enteric-coated capsules for AR induced by house dust mites. Methods: A total of 49 patients with AR were enrolled, including 25 who received subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and 24 who received OIT. The clinical efficacy and safety in both groups were evaluated. Results: After 1 year of treatment, both SCIT and OIT demonstrated significant therapeutic effects. OIT was found to be more effective than SCIT in reducing the total AR symptom score and improving the results of nasal provocation tests. Local and systemic adverse reactions were observed in the SCIT group, while none were reported in the OIT group. Conclusion: OIT is an effective and safe treatment for mite-induced AR.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2309992, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774946

RESUMO

Radiotherapy demonstrates a synergistic effect with immunotherapy by inducing a transformation of "immune cold" tumors into "immune hot" tumors in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Nevertheless, the effectiveness of immunotherapy is constrained by low expression of tumor-exposed antigens, inadequate inflammation, and insufficient tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TILs). To address this predicament, novel lutecium-based rare earth nanoparticles (RENPs) are synthesized with the aim of amplifying radiation effect and tumor immune response. The nanoprobe is characterized by neodymium-based down-conversion fluorescence, demonstrating robust photostability, biocompatibility, and targetability. The conjugation of RENPs with a CXCR4 targeted drug enables precise delineation of breast tumors using a near-infrared imaging system and improves radiation efficacy via lutetium-based radio-sensitizer in vivo. Furthermore, the study shows a notable enhancement of immune response through the induction of immunogenic cell death and recruitment of TILs, resulting in the inhibition of tumor progression both in vitro and in vivo models following the administration of nanoparticles. Hence, the novel multifunctional nanoprobes incorporating various lanthanide elements offer the potential for imaging-guided tumor delineation, radio-sensitization, and immune activation post-radiation, thus presenting an efficient radio-immunotherapeutic approach for TNBC.

5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1339921, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737556

RESUMO

Objective: The haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet (HALP) score, a convenient and composite laboratory biomarker, can reflect inflammation and systemic nutritional status. This study was performed to investigate the effect of the HALP score on the prognosis of patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Methods: This is a retrospective single centre study that enrolled 895 biopsy-confirmed IgAN patients from June 2019 to June 2022 who were followed for more than 1 year. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the relationship between HALP and adverse outcomes. The restricted cubic splines was used to identify the possible associations. The optimal cut-off value of HALP for renal poor outcome was identified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: A total of 895 patients finally participated in the study and were divided into three groups (tertial 1-3) according to the baseline HALP score. More severe clinicopathologic features were observed in the lower HALP group, and Kaplan-Meier analysis showed patients in tertial 1 had a higher risk of kidney failure than the other groups (log-rank=11.02, P= 0.004). Multivariate Cox regression revealed that HALP score was an independent risk factor for renal prognosis in IgAN (adjusted HR: 0.967, 95% CI: 0.945-0.990, P = 0.006). The results of subgroup analysis suggested that HALP was more important in patients under the age of 50, BMI ≤ 23.9 and eGFR ≤ 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. The best cut-off HALP for renal survival was 38.83, sensitivity 72.1%, and specificity 55.9% (AUC: 0.662). Patients were further grouped according to HALP cut-off values and propensity matched. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that HALP remained an independent predictor of IgAN in the matched cohort (HR 0.222, CI: 0.084-0.588, P=0.002). Conclusion: HALP is a novel and potent composite parameter to predict kidney outcome in patients with IgAN.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/sangue , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Adulto , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plaquetas/patologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Albumina Sérica/análise , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo
6.
Vet Microbiol ; 294: 110105, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729094

RESUMO

C. perfringens type D strains are the leading cause of enterotoxaemia in ruminants such as goats, sheep, and cattle. However, there has been no prior research on the genomic characteristics of C. perfringens type D strains from various regions in China. Here, we investigated the antibiotic resistance, genomic characteristics, and phylogenetic relationship of C. perfringens type D isolates recovered from goat farms in Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia provinces. The antibiotic resistance test indicated that the isolates displayed high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values to sulfafurazole, whereas the other antibiotics tested, such as penicillin, enrofloxacin, and florfenicol, worked well on them. Additionally, only tetracycline resistance genes [tetA(P) and tetB(P)] were identified from the isolates. A collective of 13 toxin genes, including etx and cpe were detected among the isolates. Sequence comparison revealed that the etx and cpe genes shared high sequence identities, and they could coexist on a pCW3-like plasmid, representing a potential risk to both animal breeding and public health. Phylogenetic analysis using core genome multi-locus sequence typing (cgMLST) and core genome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) revealed the close genetic relationship and potential regional/transregional transmission of the C. perfringens type D isolates in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. Furthermore, pan-genomic analysis suggested the functional differences at the protein-coding gene level, although isolates from the same source shared a close genetic relationship. In conclusion, this study indicated the antibiotic resistance, virulence markers, potential transregional transmission, and genomic diversity of C. perfringens type D strains from various regions in China, which could provide references for the prevention of C. perfringens foodborne diseases and further research.

8.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(4): 1135-1144, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715806

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a cellular-level mechanical injury model for human skeletal muscle cells and investigate changes in the mechanical effect mechanism after such injuries. METHODS: The FX-5000™ Compression System was used to apply constant static mechanical pressure to human skeletal muscle cells. A factorial design analysis was conducted to discover the optimal injury model by evaluating the correlation between the amount of pressure, the duration of mechanical stimulation, and the number of days of observation. Skeletal muscle cell injury was evaluated by measuring cell metabolism, morphology, and calcium homeostasis. RESULTS: Mechanical injury was modeled as continuous pressure of 1 MPa for 2 hours with observation for 3 days. The results show that mechanical injury increased creatine kinase, intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and malondialdehyde content, decreased superoxide dismutase, and caused cell swelling and severe cytoplasmic vacuolization (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This model of mechanically-injured human skeletal muscle cells provides an experimental model for the clinically common skeletal muscle injury caused by static loading pressure. It may be used to study the mechanism of action of treatment methods for mechanically injured skeletal muscle.

9.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1367299, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716337

RESUMO

Angelica dahurica is a kind of Chinese traditional herbs with economic and ornament value, widely distributed in China. Despite its significance, there have been limited comprehensive investigations on the genome of A. dahurica, particularly regarding mitochondrial genomes. To investigate the conversion between mitochondrial genome and chloroplast genome, a complete and circular mitochondrial genome was assembled using Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) long reads. The mitochondrial genome of A. dahurica had a length of 228,315 base pairs (bp) with 45.06% GC content. The mitochondrial genome encodes 56 genes, including 34 protein-coding genes, 19 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA genes. Moreover, we discovered that 9 homologous large fragments between chloroplast genome and mitochondrial genome based on sequence similarity. This is the first report for A. dahurica mitochondrial genome, which could provide an insight for communication between plastid genome, and also give a reference genome for medicinal plants within the Angelica family.

10.
J Immunother Cancer ; 12(5)2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of YSCH-01 (Recombinant L-IFN adenovirus) in subjects with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: In this single-center, open-label, investigator-initiated trial of YSCH-01, 14 patients with advanced solid tumors were enrolled. The study consisted of two distinct phases: (1) the dose escalation phase and (2) the dose expansion phase; with three dose groups in the dose escalation phase based on dose levels (5.0×109 viral particles (VP)/subject, 5.0×1010 VP/subject, and 5.0×1011 VP/subject). Subjects were administered YSCH-01 injection via intratumoral injections. The safety was assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events V.5.0, and the efficacy evaluation was performed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor V.1.1. RESULTS: 14 subjects were enrolled in the study, including 9 subjects in the dose escalation phase and 5 subjects in the dose expansion phase. Of the 13 subjects included in the full analysis set, 4 (30.8%) were men and 9 (69.2%) were women. The most common tumor type was lung cancer (38.5%, 5 subjects), followed by breast cancer (23.1%, 3 subjects) and melanoma (23.1%, 3 subjects). During the dose escalation phase, no subject experienced dose-limiting toxicities. The content of recombinant L-IFN adenovirus genome and recombinant L-IFN protein in blood showed no trend of significant intergroup changes. No significant change was observed in interleukin-6 and interferon-gamma. For 11 subjects evaluated for efficacy, the overall response rate with its 95% CI was 27.3% (6.02% to 60.97%) and the disease control rate with its 95% CI was 81.8% (48.22% to 97.72%). The median progression-free survival was 4.97 months, and the median overall survival was 8.62 months. In addition, a tendency of decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions was observed. For 13 subjects evaluated for safety, the overall incidence of adverse events (AEs) was 92.3%, the overall incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was 84.6%, and the overall incidence of >Grade 3 AEs was 7.7%, while no AEs/ADRs leading to death occurred. The most common AEs were fever (69.2%), nausea (30.8%), vomiting (30.8%), and hypophagia (23.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that YSCH-01 injections were safe and well tolerated and exhibited preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors, supporting further investigation to evaluate its efficacy and safety. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05180851.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adenoviridae/genética , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 316: 124351, 2024 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692109

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of gliomas. In particular, in glioblastoma, EGFR amplification emerges as a catalyst for invasion, proliferation, and resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Current approaches are not capable of providing rapid diagnostic results of molecular pathology. In this study, we propose a terahertz spectroscopic approach for predicting the EGFR amplification status of gliomas for the first time. A machine learning model was constructed using the terahertz response of the measured glioma tissues, including the absorption coefficient, refractive index, and dielectric loss tangent. The novelty of our model is the integration of three classical base classifiers, i.e., support vector machine, random forest, and extreme gradient boosting. The ensemble learning method combines the advantages of various base classifiers, this model has more generalization ability. The effectiveness of the proposed method was validated by applying an individual test set. The optimal performance of the integrated algorithm was verified with an area under the curve (AUC) maximum of 85.8 %. This signifies a significant stride toward more effective and rapid diagnostic tools for guiding postoperative therapy in gliomas.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Glioma , Espectroscopia Terahertz , Humanos , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Glioma/diagnóstico , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Espectroscopia Terahertz/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Amplificação de Genes , Algoritmos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
12.
MycoKeys ; 105: 97-118, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708026

RESUMO

Phylogenetic and morphological analyses on Perenniporia s.l. were carried out. Phylogenies on Perenniporia s.l. are reconstructed with two loci DNA sequences including the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the large subunit (nLSU). Two new species from Yunnan Province, southwest China, Perenniporiaprunicola and P.rosicola in Perenniporia s.l., are illustrated and described. Perenniporiaprunicola is characterised by the perennial and resupinate basidiomata with a clay pink pore surface when fresh, a trimitic hyphal system, the presence of clavate to fusiform hymenial cystidia, ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid basidiospores measuring 4.8-6.2 × 3.6-4.5 µm. Perenniporiarosicola is characterised by annual and resupinate basidiomata with a white pore surface when fresh, a dimitic hyphal system, the presence of dendrohyphidia, broadly ellipsoid to subglobose basidiospores measuring 5-5.8 × 4-5.2 µm. In addition, Crassisporus is a genus in Perenniporia s.l., in which two new combinations Crassisporusminutus and C.mollissimus are proposed. Main morphological characteristics of species related to new taxa are also provided.

13.
Chemistry ; : e202400842, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691421

RESUMO

Recent interest has surged in using heterogeneous carriers to boost synergistic photocatalysis for organic transformations. Heterogeneous catalysts not only facilitate synergistic enhancement of distinct catalytic centers compared to their homogeneous counterparts, but also allow for the easy recovery and reuse of catalysts. This mini-review summarizes recent advancements in developing heterogeneous carriers, including metal-organic frameworks, covalent-organic frameworks, porous organic polymers, and others, for synergistic catalytic reactions. The advantages of porous materials in heterogeneous catalysis originate from their ability to provide a high surface area, facilitate enhanced mass transport, offer a tunable chemical structure, ensure the stability of active species, and enable easy recovery and reuse of catalysts. Both photosensitizers and catalysts can be intricately incorporated into suitable porous carriers to create heterogeneous dual photocatalysts for organic transformations. Notably, experimental evidence from reported cases has shown that the catalytic efficacy of heterogeneous catalysts often surpasses that of their homogeneous analogues. This enhanced performance is attributed to the proximity and confinement effects provided by the porous nature of the carriers. It is expected that porous carriers will provide a versatile platform for integrating diverse catalysts, thus exhibiting superior performance across a range of organic transformations and appealing prospect for industrial applications.

14.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155591, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a continuum of lung changes caused by multiple lung injuries, characterized by a syndrome of uncontrolled systemic inflammation that often leads to significant morbidity and death. Anti-inflammatory is one of its treatment methods, but there is no safe and available drug therapy. Syringic acid (SA) is a natural organic compound commonly found in a variety of plants, especially in certain woody plants and fruits. In modern pharmacological studies, SA has anti-inflammatory effects and therefore may be a potentially safe and available compound for the treatment of acute lung injury. PURPOSE: This study attempts to reveal the protective mechanism of SA against ALI by affecting the polarization of macrophages and the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Trying to find a safer and more effective drug therapy for clinical use. METHODS: We constructed the ALI model using C57BL/6 mice by intratracheal instillation of LPS (10 mg/kg). Histological analysis was performed with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). The wet-dry ratio of the whole lung was measured to evaluate pulmonary edema. The effect of SA on macrophage M1-type was detected by flow cytometry. BCA protein quantification method was used to determine the total protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The levels of Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in BALF were determined by the ELISA kits, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression levels of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α mRNA of lung tissue. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of iNOS and COX-2 and the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα in the NF-κB pathway in lung tissue. In vitro experiments were conducted with RAW267.4 cell inflammation model induced by 100 ng/ml LPS and A549 cell inflammation model induced by 10 µg/ml LPS. The effects of SA on M1-type and M2-type macrophages of RAW267.4 macrophages induced by LPS were detected by flow cytometry. The toxicity of compound SA to A549 cells was detected by MTT method which to determine the safe dose of SA. The expressions of COX-2 and the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα protein in NF-κB pathway were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: We found that the pre-treatment of SA significantly reduced the degree of lung injury, and the infiltration of neutrophils in the lung interstitium and alveolar space of the lung. The formation of transparent membrane in lung tissue and thickening of alveolar septum were significantly reduced compared with the model group, and the wet-dry ratio of the lung was also reduced. ELISA and RT-qPCR results showed that SA could significantly inhibit the production of IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α. At the same time, SA could significantly inhibit the expression of iNOS and COX-2 proteins, and could inhibit the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα proteins. in a dose-dependent manner. In vitro experiments, we found that flow cytometry showed that SA could significantly inhibit the polarization of macrophages from M0 type macrophages to M1-type macrophages, while SA could promote the polarization of M1-type macrophages to M2-type macrophages. The results of MTT assay showed that SA had no obvious cytotoxicity to A549 cells when the concentration was not higher than 80 µM, while LPS could promote the proliferation of A549 cells. In the study of anti-inflammatory effect, SA can significantly inhibit the expression of COX-2 and the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα proteins in LPS-induced A549 cells. CONCLUSION: SA has possessed a crucial anti-ALI role in LPS-induced mice. The mechanism was elucidated, suggesting that the inhibition of macrophage polarization to M1-type and the promotion of macrophage polarization to M2-type, as well as the inhibition of NF-κB pathway by SA may be the reasons for its anti-ALI. This finding provides important molecular evidence for the further application of SA in the clinical treatment of ALI.

15.
J Phys Ther Sci ; 36(5): 294-302, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694003

RESUMO

[Purpose] To determine the optimal Tuina rolling manipulation parameters for improving peripheral blood circulation and to observe the duration of these effects. [Participants and Methods] A total of 162 healthy males and 20 males with coronary heart disease were recruited, with a mean age of 29.5 ± 6.4 years. The change in blood flow was used as the observation index, and the best combination of parameters was selected using a cyclic orthogonal experiment. We observed changes in rolling manipulation across different time periods and groups. [Results] There were significant interactions between pressure, frequency and duration in the rolling manipulation. The combination mode of 4 kg, 120 repetitions/min and 10 min is the most effective to improve the average blood flow increase rate of popliteal artery. At 15 minutes after manipulation, different degrees of significant increase were observed, but 20 minutes after manipulation, the average blood flow rate returned to the premanipulation level. There was no difference in blood flow rate between healthy males and coronary heart disease patients. [Conclusion] An effective dynamic model of rolling manipulation was constructed. These results contradicted the idea that more pressure and longer continuous manipulation led to stronger effects. The effect of rolling manipulation on improving peripheral circulation can be maintained for 20 minutes.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluating the performance of the automated insulin delivery (AID) in adolescents, and children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) during physical activity. METHODS: Relevant studies were searched electronically in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase utilizing the key words "Child", "Insulin Infusion Systems", and "Diabetes Mellitus" from inception to 17th March 2024 to evaluate the performance of the AID in adolescents, and children with T1D during physical activity. RESULTS: Twelve studies involving 514 patients were identified. AID did not show a beneficial effect on duration of hypoglycemia<70 mg/dL during study period (p>0.05; I 2=96 %) and during the physical activity (p>0.99). Percentage of sensor glucose values in TIR was higher in AID than the non-AID pumps during study period (p<0.001; I 2=94 %). The duration of hyperglycemic time was significantly decreased in AID group compared to the non-AID pumps group during study period (p<0.05; I 2>50 %). CONCLUSIONS: AID improved TIR and decreased the duration of hyperglycemic time, but did not appear to have a significant beneficial effect on the already low post-exercise duration of hypoglycemia achievable by open loop or sensor-augmented pumps in adolescents and children with T1D during physical activity; further research is needed to confirm the beneficial effect of AID on duration of hypoglycemia.

17.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709146

RESUMO

Developing new pharmaceuticals is a costly and time-consuming endeavor fraught with significant safety risks. A critical aspect of drug research and disease therapy is discerning the existence of interactions between drugs and proteins. The evolution of deep learning (DL) in computer science has been remarkably aided in this regard in recent years. Yet, two challenges remain: (i) balancing the extraction of profound, local cohesive characteristics while warding off gradient disappearance and (ii) globally representing and understanding the interactions between the drug and target local attributes, which is vital for delivering molecular level insights indispensable to drug development. In response to these challenges, we propose a DL network structure, MolLoG, primarily comprising two modules: local feature encoders (LFE) and global interactive learning (GIL). Within the LFE module, graph convolution networks and leap blocks capture the local features of drug and protein molecules, respectively. The GIL module enables the efficient amalgamation of feature information, facilitating the global learning of feature structural semantics and procuring multihead attention weights for abstract features stemming from two modalities, providing biologically pertinent explanations for black-box results. Finally, predictive outcomes are achieved by decoding the unified representation via a multilayer perceptron. Our experimental analysis reveals that MolLoG outperforms several cutting-edge baselines across four data sets, delivering superior overall performance and providing satisfactory results when elucidating various facets of drug-target interaction predictions.

18.
World J Pediatr ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 continues to mutate over time, and reports on children infected with Omicron BA.5 are limited. We aimed to analyze the specific symptoms of Omicron-infected children and to improve patient care. METHODS: We selected 315 consecutively hospitalized children with Omicron BA.5 and 16,744 non-Omicron-infected febrile children visiting the fever clinic at our hospital between December 8 and 30, 2022. Specific convulsions and body temperatures were compared between the two cohorts. We analyzed potential associations between convulsions and vaccination, and additionally evaluated the brain damage among severe Omicron-infected children. RESULTS: Convulsion rates (97.5% vs. 4.3%, P < 0.001) and frequencies (median: 2.0 vs. 1.6, P < 0.001) significantly differed between Omicron-infected and non-Omicron-infected febrile children. The body temperatures of Omicron-infected children were significantly higher during convulsions than when they were not convulsing and those of non-Omicron-infected febrile children during convulsions (median: 39.5 vs. 38.2 and 38.6 °C, both P < 0.001). In the three Omicron-subgroups, the temperature during convulsions was proportional to the percentage of patients and significantly differed ( P < 0.001), while not in the three non-Omicron-subgroups ( P = 0.244). The convulsion frequency was lower in the 55 vaccinated children compared to the 260 non-vaccinated children (average: 1.8 vs. 2.1, P < 0.001). The vaccination dose and convulsion frequency in Omicron-infected children were significantly correlated ( P < 0.001). Fifteen of the 112 severe Omicron cases had brain damage. CONCLUSIONS: Omicron-infected children experience higher body temperatures and frequencies during convulsions than those of non-Omicron-infected febrile children. We additionally found evidence of brain damage caused by infection with omicron BA.5. Vaccination and prompt fever reduction may relieve symptoms.

19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3669, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693119

RESUMO

Oncolytic viruses (OVs) show promise as a cancer treatment by selectively replicating in tumor cells and promoting antitumor immunity. However, the current immunogenicity induced by OVs for tumor treatment is relatively weak, necessitating a thorough investigation of the mechanisms underlying its induction of antitumor immunity. Here, we show that HSV-1-based OVs (oHSVs) trigger ZBP1-mediated PANoptosis (a unique innate immune inflammatory cell death modality), resulting in augmented antitumor immune effects. Mechanistically, oHSV enhances the expression of interferon-stimulated genes, leading to the accumulation of endogenous Z-RNA and subsequent activation of ZBP1. To further enhance the antitumor potential of oHSV, we conduct a screening and identify Fusobacterium nucleatum outer membrane vesicle (Fn-OMV) that can increase the expression of PANoptosis execution proteins. The combination of Fn-OMV and oHSV demonstrates potent antitumor immunogenicity. Taken together, our study provides a deeper understanding of oHSV-induced antitumor immunity, and demonstrates a promising strategy that combines oHSV with Fn-OMV.


Assuntos
Fusobacterium nucleatum , Herpesvirus Humano 1 , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Vírus Oncolíticos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Herpesvirus Humano 1/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 1/genética , Vírus Oncolíticos/genética , Vírus Oncolíticos/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Camundongos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fusobacterium nucleatum/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Feminino , Imunidade Inata , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700973

RESUMO

Prostate cancer screening often relies on cost-intensive MRIs and invasive needle biopsies. Transrectal ultrasound imaging, as a more affordable and non-invasive alternative, faces the challenge of high inter-class similarity and intra-class variability between benign and malignant prostate cancers. This complexity requires more stringent differentiation of subtle features for accurate auxiliary diagnosis. In response, we introduce the novel Deep Augmented Metric Learning (DAML) network, specifically tailored for ultrasound-based prostate cancer classification. The DAML network represents a significant innovation in the metric learning space, introducing the Semantic Differences Mining Strategy (SDMS) to effectively discern and represent subtle differences in prostate ultrasound images, thereby enhancing tumor classification accuracy. Additionally, the DAML network strategically addresses class variability and limited sample sizes by combining the Linear Interpolation Augmentation Strategy (LIAS) and Permutation-Aided Reconstruction Loss (PARL). This approach enriches feature representation and introduces variability with straightforward structures, mirroring the efficacy of advanced sample generation techniques. We carried out comprehensive empirical assessments of the DAML model by testing its key components against a range of models, ensuring its effectiveness. Our results demonstrate the enhanced performance of the DAML model, achieving classification accuracies of 0.857 and 0.888 for benign and malignant cancers, respectively, underscoring its effectiveness in prostate cancer classification via medical imaging.

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