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1.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 107719, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) reduces mortality without increasing the risk of very severe disability among patients with life-threatening massive cerebral infarction. However, its efficacy was demonstrated before the era of endovascular thrombectomy trials. It remains uncertain whether DC improves the prognosis of patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction receiving endovascular therapy. METHODS: We pooled data from two trials (DEVT and RESCUE BT studies in China) and patients with malignant MCA infarction were included to assess outcomes and heterogeneity of DC therapy effect. Patients with herniation were dichotomized into DC and conservative groups according to their treatment strategy. The primary outcome was the rate of mortality at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included disability level at 90 days as measured by the modified Rankin Scale score (mRS) and quality-of-life score. The associations of DC with clinical outcomes were performed using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 98 patients with herniation, 37 received DC surgery and 61 received conservative treatment. The median (interquartile range) was 70 (62-76) years and 40.8% of the patients were women. The mortality rate at 90 days was 59.5% in the DC group compared with 85.2% in the conservative group (adjusted odds ratio, 0.31 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.10-0.94]; P=0.04). There were 21.6% of patients in the DC group and 6.6% in the conservative group who had a mRS score of 4 (moderately severe disability); and 10.8% and 4.9%, respectively, had a score of 5 (severe disability). The quality-of-life score was higher in the DC group (0.00 [0.00-0.14] vs 0.00 [0.00-0.00], P=0.004), but DC treatment was not associated with better quality-of-life score in multivariable analyses (adjusted ß Coefficient, 0.02 [95% CI, -0.08-0.11]; p=0.75). CONCLUSIONS: DC was associated with decreased mortality among patients with malignant MCA infarction who received endovascular therapy. The majority of survivors remained moderately severe disability and required improvement on quality of life. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The DEVT trial: http://www.chictr.org. Identifier, ChiCTR-IOR-17013568. The RESCUE BT trial: URL: http://www.chictr.org. Identifier, ChiCTR-INR-17014167.

2.
Neurol Ther ; 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427274

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the association between baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and clinical outcomes in patients with large core infarctions undergoing endovascular treatment (EVT), a relationship that remains unclear. METHODS: Data were obtained from the MAGIC study, a prospective multicenter cohort study focusing on patients with acute large core ischemic stroke. This analysis evaluated the impact of NIHSS scores on EVT outcomes in patients with large core infarctions. Primary outcome metrics included favorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] of 0-3 at 90 days), while secondary outcomes encompassed shifts in mRS scores, functional independence (mRS score of 0-2), mRS score of 0-4, and successful recanalization rates. Adverse events considered were symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 490 patients were enrolled in this study. Higher baseline NIHSS scores were inversely correlated with favorable outcomes (adjusted odds ratio [OR] in model 3, 0.848 [0.797-0.903], P < 0.001), particularly in patients with NIHSS scores above 20 (adjusted OR in model 3, 0.518 [0.306-0.878] vs. 0.290 [0.161-0.523]). Regarding adverse events, higher baseline NIHSS scores significantly correlated with increased 90-day mortality rates (adjusted OR in model 3, 1.129 [1.072-1.189], P < 0.001). This correlation became insignificant when baseline NIHSS scores exceeded 22. Additionally, baseline NIHSS scores partially mediated the association between age (indirect effect = - 0.0005, 19.39% mediated) and sex (indirect effect = 0.0457, 25.08% mediated) with the primary outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that higher baseline NIHSS scores correlate with poorer outcomes and increased mortality, particularly when scores exceed 20. Moreover, age and sex indirectly influence favorable outcomes through their association with baseline NIHSS scores.

3.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the remarkable effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT), recent randomized controlled trials indicate that up to half of patients with large core infarction have a very poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 5-6 at 90 days). This study investigates the combined effect of Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) and age on very poor outcome in patients with large core infarction treated with EVT. METHODS: This subanalysis of the MAGIC registry, which is a prospective, multicenter cohort study of early treatment in acute stroke, focused on patients with ASPECTS ≤5 presenting within 24 hours of stroke onset and receiving CT followed by EVT from November 1, 2021 to February 8, 2023. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the independent and joint association of ASPECTS and age with very poor outcome. RESULTS: Among the 490 patients (57.3% men; median (IQR) age 69 (59-78) years), very poor outcome occurred more frequently in those with lower ASPECTS (65.2% in ASPECTS 0-2 vs 43.4% in ASPECTS 3-5; P<0.001). The predictive value of successful recanalization for very poor outcome was significant in patients with ASPECTS 3-5 (P=0.010), but it diminished in those with ASPECTS 0-2 (P=0.547). Compared with patients with ASPECTS 3-5 and age ≤69 years, the risk of a very poor outcome increased incrementally in those with lower ASPECTS, advanced age, or both (P<0.05). Graphical plot analysis showed a significantly lower probability of very poor outcome in younger patients (≤69 years) compared with older patients (>69 years) across all ASPECTS points. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest prioritizing young patients as candidates for EVT in those with ASPECTS 0-2.

4.
JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440

RESUMO

Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: ChiCTR.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
5.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 24, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) reflects a true acute hyperglycemic state during acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO). We aimed to investigate the association between SHR and short-term and long-term outcomes in patients with ABAO receiving endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: We selected patients treated with EVT from the BASILAR study, a nationwide prospective registry. A total 250 patients with documented glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) values at admission were included. SHR was calculated as the ratio of glucose/HbA1C. All 250 patients completed 90 days of follow-up and 234 patients (93.6%) completed 1 year of follow-up. The primary outcome was the favorable outcome defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤ 3 at 90 days. Safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage. RESULTS: Among the 250 patients included, patients with higher tertiles of SHR were associated with decreased odds of a favorable functional outcome at 90 days (adjusted OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.56; P = 0.001 and adjusted OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.80; P = 0.01; respectively) and 1 year (adjusted OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.16-0.73; P = 0.006 and adjusted OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.18-0.82; P = 0.01; respectively) after adjusting for confounding covariates. The mortality was comparable across tertiles of SHR groups at 90 days and 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that SHR was associated with a decreased probability of favorable functional outcome both at 90 days and 1 year after EVT in patients with ABAO. The relationship was more pronounced in non-diabetes patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR1800014759 (November 12, 2013).


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hiperglicemia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Glucose , Hospitalização , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombectomia
6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2023 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37665653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment (EVT) is a well-established approach for acute ischemic stroke. Whether bridging intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) before EVT confers any benefits remains uncertain. The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of direct EVT with or without bridging IVT in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO). METHODS: This multicenter cohort study enrolled 647 patients with acute BAO who underwent either bridging IVT before EVT or direct EVT from the BASILAR registry. The primary outcome was an independent functional outcome measured by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2. Secondary outcomes included excellent functional outcome (mRS 0-1), favorable functional outcome (mRS 0-3), and mortality rate at 90 days, as well as symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), and successful reperfusion between the two treatment groups. RESULTS: Direct EVT and bridging IVT before EVT exhibited similar primary outcomes (27.3% vs 27.7%, respectively) and distributions of mRS scores at 90 days. Moreover, rates of sICH and 90-day mortality were not significantly different between the two groups (7.3% vs 6.0%, adjusted OR (aOR) 0.79, 95% CI 0.34 to 1.86, P=0.84 for sICH; 46.8% vs 43.7%, aOR 0.86, 95% CI 0.54 to 1.38, P=0.53 for mortality). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with acute BAO, functional outcomes were similar between those treated with bridging IVT before EVT and those treated with direct EVT, and there was no difference between the two groups in terms of sICH and mortality rates.

7.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 10(11): 2043-2052, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37649303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether treatment with adjunct intravenous tirofiban is associated with improved outcomes following successful reperfusion in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stroke. METHODS: Patients with intracranial large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke and an expanded Treatment in Cerebral Ischemia angiographic score of 2b50 to 3 from the Effect of Intravenous Tirofiban versus Placebo Before Endovascular Thrombectomy on Functional Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Stroke (RESCUE BT) trial were included. The primary outcome was the difference in proportion of independent functional outcome (modified Rankin score of 0-2 at 90 days). Safety outcomes included the rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and 90-day mortality. RESULTS: Among the 382 patients with intracranial LAA stroke and successful reperfusion, 175 patients (45.8%) were treated with intravenous tirofiban and 207 (54.2%) with placebo. The proportion of patients with independent functional outcome at 90 days was 54.3% (95 out of 175) with tirofiban and 44.0% (91 out of 207) with placebo (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.02-2.44; p = 0.04). Intravenous tirofiban was not significantly associated with an increased risk of sICH (12/175 [6.9%] vs. 11/207 [5.3%]; aOR, 1.41; 95% CI, 0.59-3.34; p = 0.44) or 90-day mortality (21/175 [12.0%] vs. 34/207 [16.4%]; aOR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.38-1.31; p = 0.27). INTERPRETATION: Among patients with acute intracranial LAA stroke and successful reperfusion following endovascular thrombectomy, adjunct intravenous tirofiban was associated with a higher rate of independent functional outcome, without higher rates of sICH or mortality. Confirmatory randomized trials in these patients are desirable.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Tirofibana/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Artérias , Reperfusão/efeitos adversos
8.
Neurol Ther ; 12(4): 1285-1297, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37266794

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Admission hyperglycemia and high admission blood glucose levels have been associated with poor outcomes in acute ischemic stroke. However, the relationship between admission hyperglycemia and outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) in acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) still remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between admission hyperglycemia and clinical outcomes in ABAO following EVT. METHODS: Patients from the BASILAR registry with admission blood glucose levels treated with EVT were included. We defined admission hyperglycemia as blood glucose levels ≥ 7.8 mmol/L. The primary outcome was favorable outcome [defined as a modified Rankin Scale score (mRS) of 0-3] at 90 days, Secondary outcomes included other functional outcomes (mRS 0-2, mRS 0-1) at 90 days, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) within 48 h, and mortality at 90 days. RESULTS: Of 545 eligible patients included, the median age was 65 (IQR, 56-73) years, and median blood glucose level was 7.36 (IQR, 6.10-9.66) mmol/L. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that admission hyperglycemia was associated with decreased favorable outcome (mRS 0-3) (adjusted odds ratio = 0.52; 95% CI 0.35-0.79; P = 0.001), and increased mortality (adjusted odds ratio = 2.67; 95% CI 1.82-3.91; P < 0.001). Restricted cubic spline regression analysis showed that the blood glucose level had a non-linearity association with favorable outcome and mortality, and that there was no association between admission hyperglycemia and sICH. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggest that admission hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of poor functional outcomes and mortality in patients with ABAO treated with EVT. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( http://www.chictr.org.cn ), ChiCTR180001475.

9.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 29: 10760296231184219, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37386776

RESUMO

Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of older adult patients with acute anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion (LVO) who underwent mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Therefore, we investigated the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO in older adults. We enrolled patients with acute anterior circulation LVO from May 2018 to October 2021 in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into older (≥80 years) and young (<80 years) groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses determined the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO. We divided 1182 patients with acute ischemic stroke into young (18-79 years; 1028 patients) and older (≥80 years; 154 patients) groups. Compared with the young group, the older group had more unfavorable functional outcomes and increased mortality (P = .003). In the older adult patients, lower initial NIHSS score and higher ASPECTS were correlated with good outcomes. On the contrary, higher initial NIHSS score and lower ASPECTS were related to increased mortality. No difference was detected in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 h between two groups. Increasing age was associated with lower rates of favorable functional outcomes and higher mortality rates. The lower initial NIHSS score combined with the higher ASPECTS may predict functional outcomes post-thrombectomy in older adults.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Trombectomia
10.
Stroke ; 54(6): 1569-1577, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37165864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of imaging selection paradigms on endovascular thrombectomy outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion remains uncertain. The study aimed to assess the effect of basic imaging (noncontrast computed tomography with or without computed tomographic angiography) versus advanced imaging (magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography perfusion) on clinical outcomes following thrombectomy in patients with stroke with large vessel occlusion in the early and extended windows using a pooled analysis of patient-level data from 2 pivotal randomized clinical trials done in China. METHODS: This post hoc analysis used data from 1182 patients included in 2 multicenter, randomized controlled trials in China that evaluated adjunct therapies to endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke (Direct Endovascular Treatment for Large Artery Anterior Circulation Stroke performed from May 20, 2018, through May 2, 2020, and Intravenous Tirofiban Before Endovascular Treatment in Stroke from October 10, 2018, through October 31, 2021). Patients with occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery or proximal middle cerebral artery (M1/M2 segments) were categorized according to baseline imaging modality (basic versus advanced) as well as treatment time window (early, 0-6 hours versus extended, 6-24 hours from last known well to puncture). The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with functional independence (modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2) at 90 days. Multivariable Poisson regression analysis was performed to determine the association between imaging selection modality and outcomes after endovascular treatment at each time windows. RESULTS: A total of 1182 patients were included in this cohort analysis, with 648 in the early (471 with basic imaging versus 177 advanced imaging) and 534 in the extended (222 basic imaging versus 312 advanced imaging) time window. There were no differences in 90-day functional independence between the advanced and basic imaging groups in either time windows (early window: adjusted relative risk, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.84-1.16]; P=0.91; extended window: adjusted relative risk, 1.00 [95% CI, 0.84-1.20]; P=0.97). CONCLUSIONS: In this post hoc analysis of 2 randomized clinical trial pooled data involving patients with large vessel occlusion stroke, an association between imaging selection modality and clinical or safety outcomes for patients undergoing thrombectomy in either the early or extended windows was not detected. Our study adds to the growing body of literature on simpler imaging paradigms to assess thrombectomy eligibility across both the early and extended time windows. REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn; Unique identifiers: ChiCTR-IOR-17013568 and ChiCTR-INR-17014167.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
N Engl J Med ; 388(22): 2025-2036, 2023 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37256974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor tirofiban in patients with acute ischemic stroke but who have no evidence of complete occlusion of large or medium-sized vessels have not been extensively studied. METHODS: In a multicenter trial in China, we enrolled patients with ischemic stroke without occlusion of large or medium-sized vessels and with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of 5 or more and at least one moderately to severely weak limb. Eligible patients had any of four clinical presentations: ineligible for thrombolysis or thrombectomy and within 24 hours after the patient was last known to be well; progression of stroke symptoms 24 to 96 hours after onset; early neurologic deterioration after thrombolysis; or thrombolysis with no improvement at 4 to 24 hours. Patients were assigned to receive intravenous tirofiban (plus oral placebo) or oral aspirin (100 mg per day, plus intravenous placebo) for 2 days; all patients then received oral aspirin until day 90. The primary efficacy end point was an excellent outcome, defined as a score of 0 or 1 on the modified Rankin scale (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 90 days. Secondary end points included functional independence at 90 days and a quality-of-life score. The primary safety end points were death and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. RESULTS: A total of 606 patients were assigned to the tirofiban group and 571 to the aspirin group. Most patients had small infarctions that were presumed to be atherosclerotic. The percentage of patients with a score of 0 or 1 on the modified Rankin scale at 90 days was 29.1% with tirofiban and 22.2% with aspirin (adjusted risk ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.53, P = 0.02). Results for secondary end points were generally not consistent with the results of the primary analysis. Mortality was similar in the two groups. The incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was 1.0% in the tirofiban group and 0% in the aspirin group. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving heterogeneous groups of patients with stroke of recent onset or progression of stroke symptoms and nonoccluded large and medium-sized cerebral vessels, intravenous tirofiban was associated with a greater likelihood of an excellent outcome than low-dose aspirin. Incidences of intracranial hemorrhages were low but slightly higher with tirofiban. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China; RESCUE BT2 Chinese Clinical Trial Registry number, ChiCTR2000029502.).


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos , AVC Isquêmico , Tirofibana , Humanos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Tirofibana/efeitos adversos , Tirofibana/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Arteriais Cerebrais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Arteriais Cerebrais/etiologia
12.
Neurology ; 101(3): e253-e266, 2023 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37202165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated the association between the procedure time (PT) and outcomes for patients with proximal large vessel occlusion; however, whether the relationship remains for patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) was not clear. We aimed to characterize the association between PT and other procedure-related variables on clinical outcomes among patients with ABAO who underwent endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: Patients with ABAO who underwent EVT with a documented PT in the EVT for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion (BASILAR) study from January 2014 to May 2019 among 47 comprehensive centers in China were included. Multivariable analysis was performed to reveal the association between PT and 90-day modified Rankin Scale score, mortality, complications, and all-cause death at 1 year. RESULTS: Of the 829 patients from the BASILAR registry, 633 eligible patients were included. Longer PT were associated with a lower rate of favorable outcome (by 30 minutes, adjusted OR 0.82 [95% CI 0.72-0.93], p = 0.01). In addition, a PT ≤ 75 minutes was associated with a favorable outcome (adjusted OR 2.03 [95% CI 1.26-3.28]). The risk of complications and mortality increased by 0.5% and 1.5% with every 10 minutes increase in PT, respectively (R2 = 0.64 and R2 = 0.68, p < 0.01). The cumulative rates of favorable outcomes and successful recanalization plateaued after 120 minutes (2 attempts). Restricted cubic spline regression analysis for the probability of favorable outcomes had an L-shape association (p nonlinearity = 0.01) with PT with significant benefit loss before 120 minutes and then appeared relatively flat. DISCUSSION: For patients with ABAO, procedures that exceeded 75 minutes were associated with an increased risk of mortality and lower odds of a favorable outcome. A careful assessment of futility and the risks of continuing the procedure should be made after 120 minutes.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Basilar , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Embolectomia , Trombectomia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Neurosurgery ; 92(5): 1006-1012, 2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that >50% of acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) patients with successful reperfusion after endovascular treatment (EVT) have futile recanalization. However, few studies investigated the reasons behind this. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with futile recanalization in ABAO after successful reperfusion. METHODS: We recruited patients with successful reperfusion (expanded Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction score of ≥2b) after EVT from the Basilar Artery Occlusion Study registry. Patients were divided into meaningful recanalization (90-day modified Rankin Scale 0-3) and futile recanalization (90-day modified Rankin Scale 4-6) groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify the predictors of futile recanalization. RESULTS: A total of 522 patients with successful reperfusion were selected. Of these, 328 patients had futile recanalization and 194 had meaningful recanalization. Multivariable logistic regression shows that higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio ( P = .01), higher baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ( P < .001), longer puncture to recanalization time ( P = .02), lower baseline posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score ( P < .001), lower posterior circulation collateral score ( P = .02), incomplete reperfusion ( P < .001), and diabetes mellitus ( P < .001) were predictors of futile recanalization. CONCLUSION: Higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, longer puncture to recanalization time, incomplete reperfusion, stroke severity, lower baseline posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score, poor collaterals, and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of futile recanalization in patients with ABAO with successful reperfusion after EVT. Moreover, multiple stent retriever passes were associated with a high proportion of futile recanalization in patients with late time windows.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Trombectomia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Neurosurg ; 138(1): 205-214, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment (EVT) plus standard medical treatment (SMT) in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) within 6 hours of the estimated occlusion time, based on a Chinese population. METHODS: The authors selected patients from the Endovascular Treatment of Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study (BASILAR) registry, which was a nationwide prospective registry, within 6 hours after the estimated time of onset of a stroke in acute BAO. Patients were divided into the SMT-alone group or the EVT+SMT group according to treatment modalities. The primary outcome was a favorable functional outcome, defined as a modified Rankin Scale score between 0 and 3 at 90 days. Safety outcomes included death at 90 days and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. RESULTS: The authors assessed 590 patients for eligibility. Of these patients, 127 received SMT alone and 463 were treated with EVT plus SMT. EVT was associated with a higher rate of a favorable functional outcome (adjusted OR 3.804, 95% CI 1.890-7.658; p < 0.001) and a lower proportion of deaths at 90 days (adjusted OR 0.364, 95% CI 0.223-0.594; p < 0.001). Lower age (adjusted OR 0.978, 95% CI 0.960-0.997; p = 0.022); lower baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (adjusted OR 0.926, 95% CI 0.902-0.950; p < 0.001); higher baseline posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (adjusted OR 1.681, 95% CI 1.424-1.984; p < 0.001); absence of diabetes mellitus (adjusted OR 0.482, 95% CI 0.267-0.871; p = 0.016); and modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction scores 2b-3 (adjusted OR 5.117, 95% CI 2.304-11.367; p < 0.001) were independent factors for a favorable outcome in the EVT+SMT group. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the study design, patients with acute BAO who received EVT within 6 hours were associated with improved favorable outcome and decreased deaths compared with patients who received SMT. Predictors of desirable outcome in patients undergoing EVT included lower age, lower baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, higher baseline posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score, absence of diabetes mellitus, and modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction scores 2b-3.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos
15.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 15(8): 808-813, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locked-in syndrome (LiS) is a rare and devastating condition in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion. However, the benefits of endovascular treatment (EVT) for LiS remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes associated with EVT and identify the factors associated with outcomes of LiS. METHODS: We used the data of the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study Registry (BASILAR) from 47 tertiary stroke centers in China. The included patients had LiS and received EVT or standard medical treatment (SMT) alone. The primary outcome was improvement in the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days. RESULTS: Among the 120 patients with LiS, 92 (76.7%) received EVT and 28 (23.3%) received SMT. Compared with SMT, EVT was associated with improved mRS score (common OR (cOR)=2.68 (95% CI 1.16 to 6.20); p=0.02) and decreased mortality (aOR=0.35 (95% CI 0.13 to 0.90); p=0.03). Moreover, the benefit of EVT for LiS was sustained for at least 1 year (p=0.008). Higher baseline posterior circulation Alberta Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS, aOR=2.04 (95% CI 1.34 to 3.10); p<0.001) and absence of pneumonia (aOR=0.26 (95% CI 0.08 to 0.90); p=0.03) were significantly associated with favorable functional outcome at 90 days in patients who received EVT, while lower pc-ASPECTS (aOR=0.52 (95% CI 0.36 to 0.76); p<0.001) was associated with increased 90-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that EVT was associated with favorable functional outcomes and decreased mortality among patients with LiS. Baseline pc-ASPECTS and pneumonia were independent predictors of outcomes.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Síndrome do Encarceramento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Síndrome do Encarceramento/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Artéria Basilar , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos
16.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 28(12): 2298-2307, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36184804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The drug 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) was developed and approved in China, where it has been used to treat ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. It is also considered to have a neuroprotective effect. This study aimed to evaluate whether NBP combined with endovascular treatment (EVT) can improve the clinical outcome and safety in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion (LVO). METHODS: Data from three studies of patients treated with EVT for AIS due to LVO were combined in this study. Patients of LVO undergoing EVT were dichotomized into NBP and non-NBP subgroups. The primary efficacy outcome was the shift of the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days. The secondary efficacy outcome included favorable functional outcomes, functional independence, and excellent outcome (defined as an mRS score of 3 or less) at 90 days. Safety outcomes included mortality within 90 days and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) within 48 h. RESULTS: A total of 1820 patients undergoing EVT were included in this study; 628 (37.5%) patients received NBP treatment, whereas 1138 (62.5%) did not. After adjusting for multiple factors, NBP was associated with the improvement of functional outcomes at 90 days (adjusted common odds ratio [OR]: 1.503; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.254-1.801; p < 0.001). NBP was associated with a higher rate of 90-day favorable outcomes (adjusted OR: 1.589; 95% CI: 1.251-2.020; p < 0.001) and a lower rate of 90-day mortality (adjusted OR: 0.486 [95% CI: 0.372-0.635]; p < 0.001). sICH occurred in 74 of 682 (10.9%) patients in the NBP group and 155 of 1126 (13.8%) patients in the non-NBP group; no statistical difference was detected (adjusted OR: 0.787 [95% CI: 0.567-1.092]; p = 0.152). CONCLUSION: Among patients with AIS due to LVO, NBP combined with EVT is associated with better functional outcomes and reduced mortality risk without increasing the risk of sICH.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Trombectomia
17.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 16: 946349, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188176

RESUMO

Background and purpose: This study aimed to analyze the feasibility and safety of endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with acute posterior circulation stroke and vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD). Materials and methods: BASILAR was a national prospective registry of consecutive patients with symptomatic and imaging-confirmed acute stroke in the posterior circulation within 24 h of symptom onset. We evaluated EVT feasibility and safety in patients with VBD. Primary outcomes included improvement in modified Rankin Scale scores (mRS) at 90 days and mortality within 90 days. The secondary outcome was the rate of favorable functional outcome, defined as mRS ≤ 3 (indicating independent ambulation) at 90 days. Safety outcomes included surgery-related complications and other serious adverse events. Results: A total of 534 cases were included: 159 with VBD and 375 controls. No significant difference in mRS at 90 days was found between groups, but patients with VBD had a higher baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score [30 (19-33) vs. 25 (15-32)] and were older [65 (59-74) vs. 63 (55-72) year]. After propensity score matching, there were no significant differences in baseline NIHSS score between the two groups, and the efficacy and safety of EVT were similar between patients with or without VBD. Furthermore, the prognostic effect of puncture-to-recanalization time on the probability of mortality within 90 days in EVT-treated patients with VBD was significant {adjusted odds ratio, 1.008 [95% confidence interval (1.001-1.015)]}. Conclusion: Endovascular therapy is safe and feasible in patients with acute posterior circulation stroke and VBD. The puncture-to-recanalization time is important for predicting the prognosis of EVT-treated patients with VBD.

18.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 978740, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118699

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Ischemic stroke is related to inflammation. We investigated leukocyte counts, neutrophil counts, and NLR (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio) to explore their prognostic potential and determine if high neutrophil counts before endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) are associated with worse outcomes at 90 days post-EVT. Methods: Leukocyte and neutrophil counts and NLR were determined in eligible patients from the Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study (BASILAR). Patients were divided into four groups according to leukocyte and neutrophil counts and NLR quartiles. The primary outcome was a favorable outcome based on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS: 0-3). The secondary outcome was functional independence (mRS 0-2). The safety outcome was mortality, and an unfavorable outcome was mRS 4-6. Successful reperfusion was mTICI (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction) of 2b or 3. All the data were collected within 90 days after EVT. Results: We enrolled 586 patients in the study. The leukocyte and neutrophil counts and NLR were significantly associated with clinical outcomes in all patients though no effects were seen in some intervals. Of these three parameters, the neutrophil count had the most significant impact, negatively affecting the outcome. The findings were similar in patients who were successfully recanalized. Conclusion: Higher neutrophil counts predicted worse clinical outcomes 90 days after EVT. This finding supports the deleterious role of inflammation in patients with acute BAO despite EVT or successful recanalization.

19.
Front Neurol ; 13: 909677, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968276

RESUMO

Introduction: According to the literature on anterior circulation, comorbid atrial fibrillation (AF) is not associated with a worse functional outcome, lower reperfusion rates, or higher rates of intracranial hemorrhage after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) compared to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) or treatment with supportive care. However, data are limited for the effect of comorbid AF on procedural and clinical outcomes of acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) after MT. This study aimed to investigate the effect of atrial fibrillation on outcomes after MT and long-term ischemic recurrence in patients with ABAO. Methods: We performed a registered study of the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study (BASILAR, which is registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, http://www.chictr.org.cn; ChiCTR1800014759) from January 2014 to May 2019, which included 647 patients who underwent MT for ABAO, 136 of whom had comorbid AF. Prospectively defined baseline characteristics, procedural outcomes, and clinical outcomes were reported and compared. Results: On multivariate analysis, AF predicted a shorter puncture-to-recanalization time, higher first-pass effect rate, and lower incidence of angioplasty and/or stenting (p < 0.01). AF had no effect on intracranial hemorrhage incidence [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 1.093; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.451-2.652], 90-day functional outcomes (adjusted common odds ratio, 0.915; 95% CI, 0.588-1.424), or mortality (aOR, 0.851; 95% CI, 0.491-1.475) after MT. The main findings were robust in the subgroup and 1-year follow-up analyses. Comorbid AF was the remaining predictor of ischemic recurrence (aOR, 4.076; 95% CI, 1.137-14.612). Conclusions: The study revealed no significant difference in the safety and efficacy of MT for ABAO regardless of whether patients had comorbid AF. However, a higher proportion of patients with AF experienced ischemic recurrence within 1 year after MT.

20.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with secondary coma following acute basilar artery occlusion (comatose patients) and to identify the impact of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score on medical decisions. METHODS: Patients from the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion study were divided into comatose and noncomatose cohorts. The primary outcome was favorable functional independence (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] scores 0-3). The safety outcome was 90-day mortality. Subgroup analysis was performed to identify populations best suited for EVT. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent predictive factors of clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Comatose patients who underwent EVT had more favorable functional outcomes and lower mortality compared with those who underwent standard medical treatment (functional outcomes: 15.98% vs 4.17%; mortality: 62.72% vs 82.29%). Moreover, EVT was associated with better outcomes in the cohort with GCS scores of 6-8 (mRS scores 0-3, 25.33% and mortality, 41.33%) than in the cohort with GCS scores of 3-5. Multivariate analysis indicated that EVT was an independent factor for favorable functional outcomes (adjusted OR 8.921, 95% CI 2.330-34.158) and mortality (adjusted OR 0.189, 95% CI 0.092-0.411) in comatose patients. The initial GCS score was an independent factor for favorable functional outcomes (adjusted OR 1.402, 95% CI 1.115-1.763) and mortality (adjusted OR 0.613, 95% CI 0.499-0.752) in comatose patients with EVT. CONCLUSIONS: EVT significantly improved the prognosis of comatose patients, and patients with GCS scores of 6-8 were found to benefit more from EVT than those with GCS scores of 3-5. The initial GCS score was an independent predictive factor for prognosis in comatose patients.

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