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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 29, 2024 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38184542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implementing dementia care interventions in an acute hospital poses multiple challenges. To understand factors influencing the implementation, in-depth knowledge about specific facilitators and barriers is necessary. The aim of this study was to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing an interprofessional, multicomponent intervention of a specialized unit for persons with cognitive impairment in an acute geriatric hospital. METHODS: We conducted a process evaluation as part of a participatory action research study. For data collection, semi-structured individual interviews with fifteen professionals involved in the implementation of the specialized unit. We further conducted two focus groups with twelve professionals working on other units of the geriatric hospital. We performed a qualitative content analysis following Kuckartz's content-structuring analysis scheme. RESULTS: We identified the following barriers to implementing the specialized unit: uncontrollable contextual changes (e.g., COVID-19 pandemic), staff turnover in key functions, high fluctuation in the nursing team, traditional work culture, entrenched structures, inflexible and efficiency-oriented processes, monoprofessional attitude, neglect of project-related communication, and fragmentation of interprofessional cooperation. An established culture of interprofessionalism, an interprofessionally composed project group, cooperation with a research partner, as well as the project groups' motivation and competence of managing change facilitated the implementation. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation faced numerous barriers that can be described using the key constructs of the i-PARIHS framework: context, recipients, innovation, and facilitation. Overcoming these barriers requires an organizational development approach, extended project duration and increased process orientation. Furthermore, strategically planned, precise and ongoing communication towards all persons involved seems crucial. Differences between the work cultures of the professions involved deserve particular attention with regard to project-related roles and processes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Pandemias , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Comunicação , Hospitais
2.
BMC Geriatr ; 23(1): 631, 2023 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37803286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 55 million people are currently affected by dementia worldwide and over 144 thousand in Switzerland. In Swiss nursing homes, 47.6% of the residents had a medical diagnosis of dementia in 2014. Due to cognitive impairment, they have difficulties remembering hygiene measures or placing them in the epidemic context. This results in a higher infection risk. There are COVID-19-associated recommendations focused on dementia care management but studies simultaneously surveying and correlating perspectives of health professionals as well as people with dementia across care settings are largely lacking. This study is focused on COVID-19-associated perspectives and needs of health professionals and people with dementia across different care settings. Lessons learned from the pandemic shall be pointed out. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods approach based on an exploratory sequential design. Two qualitative interview rounds (n = 15 participants) and a quantitative online survey (n = 148 participants) with people with dementia, caring relatives, Advanced Practice Nurses and nursing home managers (health professionals) were performed. Data collected was performed in nursing home and home-care settings. The SQRQ checklist was used. RESULTS: Fear and uncertainty were highest at the beginning of the pandemic among the interviewed nursing professionals and nursing home managers. As a positive side effect of the pandemic, increased cohesion in care teams was reported. Some people with dementia experienced the decelerated outside world as pleasant and less challenging to master. Particularly during the first wave, nursing home managers rated political decision-making processes as being too slow, partly non-transparent, inconsistent, and sometimes inappropriate for people with dementia. CONCLUSIONS: Although the identified emotional and physical consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are mostly negative for health professionals and people with dementia, research should also investigate potential positive side effects. Furthermore, political decisions should be passed on to care institutions as promptly, transparently, and comprehensibly as possible. The results provide guidance on dementia-focused COVID-19 management interventions incorporating lessons learned and considering the emotional impact of the pandemic in Switzerland and beyond.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Demência , Humanos , Suíça/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Motivação , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/terapia , Emoções
3.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 140: 104451, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36812849

RESUMO

Developing and evaluating health interventions for the benefit of patients is notoriously difficult. This also applies to the discipline of nursing, owing to the complexity of nursing interventions. Following significant revision, the updated guidance of the Medical Research Council (MRC) adopts a pluralistic view to intervention development and evaluation, including a theory-based perspective. This perspective promotes the use of program theory, aiming to understand how and under what circumstances interventions lead to change. In this discussion paper, we reflect the recommended use of program theory in the context of evaluation studies addressing complex nursing interventions. First, we review the literature by investigating the question whether and how evaluation studies targeting complex interventions used theory and to what extent program theories may contribute to enhance the theoretical foundations of intervention studies in nursing. Second, we illustrate the nature of theory-based evaluation and program theories. Third, we argue how this may impact theory building in nursing in general. We finish by discussing which resources, skills and competencies are necessary to fulfill the demanding task of undertaking theory-based evaluations. We caution against an oversimplified interpretation of the updated MRC guidance regarding the theory-based perspective, e.g. by using simple linear logic models, rather than articulating program theories. Instead, we encourage researchers to embrace the corresponding methodology, i.e. theory-based evaluation. With the prevailing perspective of knowledge production in crisis, we might be on the verge of a paradigm shift in health intervention research. Viewed through this lens, the updated MRC guidance could lead to a renewed understanding of what constitutes useful knowledge in nursing. This may facilitate knowledge production and, thereby, contribute to improve nursing practice for the benefit of the patient. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: The latest iteration of the MRC Framework for developing and evaluating complex healthcare interventions could lead to a renewed understanding of what constitutes useful knowledge for nursing.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos
4.
J Clin Nurs ; 32(15-16): 4541-4558, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497369

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To outline and to examine the current research and grey literature on aggressive incidents of persons with dementia towards professional caregivers in the home care setting. We intended to identify evidence and research gaps in this field. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, around fifty million people are living with dementia. Current research indicates that aggressive behaviour of persons with dementia towards professional caregivers occurs frequently in inpatient settings. However, there has been little research on this phenomenon in the home care setting. DESIGN: The design entails a scoping review using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley and PRISMA-ScR. METHODS: A systematic literature search in five databases and a web search in Google Scholar was conducted. Title and abstract screening and a full-text screening were conducted by two independent authors. A free web search for grey literature was conducted in Google. RESULTS: The search yielded 1,376 hits. A total of seven journal articles met the inclusion criteria. In the free web search, six references were identified for inclusion, resulting in a total of 13 references. We identified the following four themes: (1) aggressive behaviour in the context of dementia, (2) triggering factors of aggressive behaviour in persons with dementia, (3) skills and educational needs and (4) hindrances to solving the problem of aggressive behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of literature on aggressive behaviour of persons with dementia in the home care setting, and various hindrances to solving this problematic behaviour have been identified. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: For home caregivers, specific education concerning communication skills and responding to aggressive behaviour may help to deal with the situation. A further approach may involve specific training aimed to improve caregivers' confidence.


Assuntos
Demência , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Cuidadores/educação , Agressão , Comunicação
5.
Nurs Open ; 10(3): 1393-1403, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36176037

RESUMO

AIM: The aim was to generate a framework for dementia care in acute hospitals. DESIGN: Framework development with logic modelling. METHODS: In phase one, we identified relevant elements of the framework by analysing several sources and by critically discussing them within the research team. We created the framework with logic modelling. In phase two, we adapted the framework in expert workshops and by reanalysing the included sources. We used the first stage of CReDECI 2 checklist for reporting. RESULTS: The framework describes necessary activities within four main bundles of measures: "developing structures and processes," "developing competences and attitudes," "building relationships" and "ensuring a social environment and adequate stimulation." The overarching outcome is a person-centred hospital culture, manifesting itself on different levels. The framework illustrates the necessity of an organization-wide person-centred culture for achieving positive outcomes for people with dementia, their relatives and health professionals.


Assuntos
Demência , Humanos , Demência/terapia , Hospitais , Pessoal de Saúde
6.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 563, 2022 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elder abuse in long-term care is an important public health concern with social, health-related, and economic implications. Staff-to-resident abuse is of particular interest since institutions should protect residents' rights and prevent harm. To provide an up-to date comprehensive overview of staff-to-resident abuse in nursing homes, we performed a scoping review considering types of abuse, their prevalence and associated factors, descriptions, experiences, and preventive interventions. METHODS: We performed a scoping review following the framework provided by Arksey and O'Malley. We searched MEDLINE (via PubMed), CINAHL, PsycINFO via Ovid, and Cochrane Library. Additionally, we performed free web searching using Google Scholar and checked relevant reviews. Two reviewers independently selected studies. We narratively synthesised the results. RESULTS: Out of 3876 references retrieved by our search, we included 46 studies in 47 reports. The prevalence rates of abuse varied widely, ranging from 0 to 93% depending on the type of abuse. Associated factors of abuse at the staff, resident, and nursing home level were evaluated inconsistently. Abuse was perceived ambiguous: even though it was considered unacceptable, it was underreported. We found only four studies addressing preventive interventions. Of these, four made recommendations for intervention development. Only one study with an experimental design examined a multi-component intervention including education and mutual support. CONCLUSIONS: The review yielded heterogenous evidence not allowing a concrete conclusion on prevalence and associated factors. However, the results show the significance of the problem and indicate that there are associate factors of abuse that can be influenced by appropriate interventions. These are amongst other staff education, organisational culture, and conditions. Further research should investigate the composition and content of preventive interventions and their potential to reduce abusive behaviours.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Casas de Saúde , Idoso , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Cultura Organizacional , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem
7.
J Nurs Manag ; 30(6): 1600-1609, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783102

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the available organizational structures addressing aggressive incidents towards home care services staff. BACKGROUND: Organizational structures how professional caregivers deal with care recipients' aggressive incidents. METHODS: An explorative cross-sectional survey using the Violence Experienced by Staff (German version revised) and the Impact of Patient Aggression on Carers Scale was conducted. Data from 852 health care professionals in the German-speaking part of Switzerland were collected between July and October 2019. Multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate associations. The STROBE-Checklist was used as the reporting guideline. RESULTS: Organizational support and management support in home care services were generally rated high and found to cause a significant decrease in negative feelings. Some self-rated skills regarding aggression management were linked to a decrease in perceived burden after aggressive incidents, whereas others increased the perceived burden. CONCLUSION: Organizational structures including official procedures for affected professional caregivers should be established in home care services. This should contain efficient reporting systems and aggression management training for the specific setting. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The study highlights the importance of organizational support regarding aggressive incidents in the home care setting as well as of aggression management training.


Assuntos
Agressão , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Suíça , Violência
8.
Geriatr Nurs ; 42(3): 657-673, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823424

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of interventions targeting hospital care of patients with dementia. We conducted a systematic review, including interventional study designs. We searched five electronic databases, conducted a hand search and performed citation tracking. To assess risk of bias, we used Cochrane Collaboration's tool, ROBANS and AMSTAR. We narratively summarized the outcomes. The findings of twenty studies indicated a broad range of interventions and outcomes. We categorised the interventions into eight intervention types. Educational programmes were the most reported intervention type and resulted in improved staff outcomes. Family-/person-centred care programmes, use of specially trained nurses and delirium management programmes were effective in improving some patient-related outcomes. However, current evidence is insufficient to declare which interventions are effective in improving dementia care in acute hospitals. Future research should focus on relevant patient and family caregiver outcomes and must consider the complexity of the interventions when evaluating them.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Demência , Demência/terapia , Família , Hospitais , Humanos
9.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 159, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To support the implementation of nurse-led interventions in long-term dementia care, in-depth knowledge of specific supporting factors and barriers is required. Conditions and structures of caring for people with dementia differ widely, depending on the country and the care context. Our study aimed to describe the experiences and opinions of nursing experts and managers with regard to facilitators and barriers to the implementation of nurse-led interventions in long-term dementia care. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using individual interviews based on qualitative vignettes as a useful stimulus to generate narrations allowing to study peoples' perceptions and beliefs. The study took place in nursing homes in the German-speaking part of Switzerland and in the Principality of Liechtenstein using purposive sampling. We intended to conduct the interviews face-to-face in a quiet room according to the participant's choice. However, due to the lockdown of nursing homes during the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020, we performed interviews face-to-face and by video. We analysed data thematically following Braun and Clarke to achieve a detailed, nuanced description. To verify our interpretation and to ensure congruence with participants' perspectives, we conducted member checks. The Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR) served to structure our manuscript. RESULTS: Six dyads of nursing home managers and nursing experts from six nursing homes took part in our study (n = 12). Our thematic analysis yielded seven themes reflecting facilitators and barriers to implementing nurse-led interventions in long-term dementia care: «A common attitude and cohesion within the organization¼, «Commitment on several levels¼, «A needs-oriented implementation¼, «The effect and the public perception of the intervention¼, «A structured and guided implementation process¼, «Supporting knowledge and competencies¼, as well as «Resources for implementing the intervention¼. CONCLUSIONS: To support the implementation of nurse-led interventions in long-term dementia care, active commitment-building seems essential. It is necessary that the value of the intervention is perceptible.Commitment-building is the precondition to reach the persons involved, such as nursing home managers, nursing staff, residents and relatives. Furthermore, nurses should precisely inform about the intervention. It is necessary that the value of the intervention is perceptible. In addition, nurses should adjust the interventions to the situational needs of people with dementia, thus. Therefore, it is important to support dementia-specific competencies in long-term care. Findings indicate that the barrier is determined by the intervention and its implementation - and not by the behaviour of the person with dementia.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Demência , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/terapia , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2 , Suíça/epidemiologia
10.
Nurs Open ; 8(3): 1345-1359, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410594

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the frequency of documented aggression, on the part of cognitively impaired individuals, against health professionals in home care services and to highlight related factors. DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using data obtained from the nursing documentation of six home care service organizations in Switzerland. METHODS: We analysed the nursing documentation of 1,186 clients in six home care services, between July 2019-September 2019, using the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory. We conducted a factor analysis as well as a descriptive data analysis and logistic regression using IBM SPSS Statistics. RESULTS: A factor analysis revealed in five factors, of which three represented aggressive behaviour in the sample. These factors were physically aggressive behaviour, verbally aggressive behaviour and importunate behaviour. Aggressive incidents, documented in the nursing records of 14.7% of clients in our sample, tended to be associated with cognitive, communication and mobility difficulties. IMPACT STATEMENT: This retrospective cross-sectional survey gives an overview of the frequency and forms of documented aggressive behaviour on the part of persons with cognitive impairments towards health professionals in home care services. One of the motivating factors for this study was the awareness that aggressive behaviour on the part of clients may stress health professionals in various ways which in turn may have an impact on the quality of care provided. The study revealed that healthcare specialists, rather than more qualified general or psychiatric nurses, were routinely assigned to assisting such clients and therefore specific educational and training interventions for these specific group of staff are indicated.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Agressão , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Nurs Open ; 8(2): 833-843, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410596

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the view of health professionals on the form and frequency of aggressive behaviour of clients against health professionals in home care services. DESIGN: An explorative cross-sectional survey was conducted. METHODS: We conducted a survey using the Survey of Violence Experienced by Staff German version Revised (SOVES-G-R) and the Impact of Patient Aggression on Carers Scale (IMPACS). A convenience sample of 852 healthcare professionals from German-speaking Switzerland participated. Data collection was conducted between July-October 2019. Data were analysed descriptively using IBM SPSS Statistics. RESULTS: Of the health professionals, 78.9% (N = 672) experienced aggressive behaviour since they worked in home care services. The most frequent aggressive behaviour was verbal aggression (75.6%, N = 644), while the most common predisposing factor was restriction in cognitive ability (71.3%, N = 67). Fear, burden and impairment of nursing relationship were common consequences of aggressive behaviour.


Assuntos
Demência , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Agressão , Estudos Transversais , Demência/epidemiologia , Humanos , Suíça/epidemiologia
12.
J Clin Nurs ; 30(5-6): 849-860, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377238

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the needs and expectations of persons with dementia regarding dementia-related information on the internet concerning content, presentation, navigation, language and design. BACKGROUND: Research on internet-related needs of persons with dementia is lacking. However, the importance of the internet as a source of health information is increasing. To improve health literacy and to ensure participation in therapy decisions, target group-specific health information is necessary, especially for persons with chronic conditions like dementia. DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative interview study between April 2019 and April 2020 in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. To report the study, we used the COREQ checklist. METHODS: We analysed the interview data using content analysis according to Mayring. RESULTS: Four interviews with five persons with dementia took place. We identified two main themes: (1) 'use of media and changing needs' and (2) 'information about dementia on the internet'. The first theme is related to changing user habits due to progressing dementia. The second theme is focussed on requirements concerning design and content. Critical reception and assessment of internet-based information are also addressed. CONCLUSIONS: Information should be adapted to the course of disease. Opportunities and positive aspects should also be mentioned. The presentation should be well-structured. Health professionals might support persons with dementia in searching and interpreting internet-based information. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Website operators should consider specific needs of persons with dementia regarding design and content. Involving persons with dementia in the development of website content and design could be an opportunity for better meeting their needs.


Assuntos
Demência , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suíça
13.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 108(4): 534-546, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The authors reviewed educational interventions for improving literature searching skills in the health sciences. METHODS: We performed a scoping review of experimental and quasi-experimental studies published in English and German, irrespective of publication year. Targeted outcomes were objectively measurable literature searching skills (e.g., quality of search strategy, study retrieval, precision). The search methods consisted of searching databases (CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science), tracking citations, free web searching, and contacting experts. Two reviewers performed screening and data extraction. To evaluate the completeness of reporting, the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) was applied. RESULTS: We included 6 controlled trials and 8 pre-post trials from the 8,484 references that we screened. Study participants were students in various health professions and physicians. The educational formats of the interventions varied. Outcomes clustered into 2 categories: (1) developing search strategies (e.g., identifying search concepts, selecting databases, applying Boolean operators) and (2) database searching skills (e.g., searching PubMed, MEDLINE, or CINAHL). In addition to baseline and post-intervention measurement, 5 studies reported follow-up. Almost all studies adequately described their intervention procedures and delivery but did not provide access to the educational material. The expertise of the intervention facilitators was described in only 3 studies. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed a wide range of study populations, interventions, and outcomes. Studies often lacked information about educational material and facilitators' expertise. Further research should focus on intervention effectiveness using controlled study designs and long-term follow-up. To ensure transparency, replication, and comparability, studies should rigorously describe their intervention.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/métodos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos
14.
Pflege ; 33(3): 165-175, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295486

RESUMO

Priorities of nursing research in dementia care in German-speaking countries - A Delphi study Abstract. Background and objective: To meet the central needs of people with dementia, their relatives and their caregivers in complex living conditions and care situations, a substantive examination of research priorities is required. The aim of this work was the identification and prioritisation of nursing research topics concerning dementia care in German-speaking countries. METHODS: To identify existing research agendas in dementia care, we conducted a systematic literature research. As part of a Delphi process, systematically identified dementia care experts from German-speaking countries supplemented research priorities extracted from existing research agendas and assessed their importance. Subsequently, they prioritized topics of particular importance for nursing research. RESULTS: Fifteen experts supplemented 61 topics previously identified in existing research agendas. They assessed 107 topics in terms of their importance and prioritized 79 topics. CONCLUSIONS: The research priorities developed are a potential framework for nursing science, health policy and research funding in order to structure research activities. To ensure currency, priorities should be regularly updated and re-opened for discussion.


Assuntos
Demência/enfermagem , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Técnica Delfos , Alemanha , Humanos
15.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 127, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32264881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implementation of evidence-based interventions for people with dementia is complex and challenging. However, successful implementation might be a key element to ensure evidence-based practice and high quality of care. There is a need to improve implementation processes in dementia care by better understanding the arising challenges. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify recent knowledge concerning barriers and facilitators to implementing nurse-led interventions in dementia care. METHODS: We performed a scoping review using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. Studies explicitly reporting on the implementation process and factors influencing the implementation of a nurse-led intervention in dementia care in all settings were included. We searched eight databases from January 2015 until January 2019. Two authors independently selected the studies. For data analysis, we used an inductive approach to build domains and categories. RESULTS: We included 26 studies in the review and identified barriers as well as facilitators in five domains: policy (e.g. financing issues, health insurance), organisation (e.g. organisational culture and vision, resources, management support), intervention/implementation (e.g. complexity of the intervention, perceived value of the intervention), staff (e.g. knowledge, experience and skills, attitude towards the intervention), and person with dementia/family (e.g. nature and stage of dementia, response of persons with dementia and their families). CONCLUSIONS: Besides general influencing factors for implementing nursing interventions, we identified dementia-specific factors reaching beyond already known barriers and facilitators. A pre-existing person-centred culture of care as well as consistent team cultures and attitudes have a facilitating effect on implementation processes. Furthermore, there is a need for interventions that are highly flexible and sensitive to patients' condition, needs and behaviour.


Assuntos
Demência/terapia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos
16.
Pflege ; 33(1): 25-33, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656128

RESUMO

The Healthcare Teams' Perspective on Caring for People with Dementia in Acute Hospitals: A Qualitative Study Abstract. Introduction: To deal with the complexity of the situation of people with dementia in acute hospitals, it is necessary to develop tailored interventions. In doing so, it is important to consider the perspectives of all relevant persons, including health care teams. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the situation of people with dementia in three Swiss acute hospitals from the perspective of health care teams. METHODS: We conducted three focus group interviews with health care teams consisting of medical doctors, nurses and therapists. Data were analysed by means of summarising content analysis according to Mayring. RESULTS: A total of 20 health professionals took part. Three main categories were identified: "People with dementia confront the hospital system", "The hospital system fails to meet the needs of people with dementia" and "Necessary changes take place in the hospital system". The results show a lack of intention in the hospital system to address the specific needs of people with dementia. Health care teams feel forced to intensify their teamwork. This occurs unsystematically and with little organisational support. CONCLUSION: It seems of paramount importance to systematically support the teams' initiatives for enhanced teamwork in caring for people with dementia. Teamwork should be considered as a key aspect when developing interventions.


Assuntos
Demência , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Empatia , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Pflege ; 32(6): 295-304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288618

RESUMO

Background and objective: Assistive technologies might be a suitable option for supporting people with dementia and their informal caregivers. To avoid "one-fits-all"-solutions and to design useful technologies, it is essential to consider the end-users' needs. The objective of this review was to examine the needs of people with dementia and their informal caregivers with regard to assistive technologies. Methods: We conducted a scoping review based on a comprehensive literature search in databases, handsearching, and free web searching. Additionally, we performed citation tracking of included studies. We included all types of study designs. Two researchers independently selected the studies. The results were thematically categorised by two researchers. Results: The search yielded 7160 references. 18 of 24 included studies were qualitative. The studies had been conducted in 13 different countries, mostly in Europe. The sample size ranged between two and 270 participants. Most of the studies involved people with dementia as well as informal caregivers. The analysis resulted in eleven themes. The themes could be assigned to three domains: "needed technologies", "characteristics of needed technologies", and "information about technologies". Conclusions: The results might guide future usage, development and research addressing end users' needs with regard to assistive technologies.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Demência/terapia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Tecnologia Assistiva , Humanos
18.
J Clin Nurs ; 23(17-18): 2542-53, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24372767

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify groups of caregivers in terms of their use of measures for dealing with resident aggression and the differences between these groups related to their characteristics. BACKGROUND: Caregivers in nursing home are confronted with a major challenge when faced with the aggressive behaviour of residents. Therefore, the application of recommended measures is important in supporting caregivers and promoting safety for residents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A total of 804 caregivers working in 21 Swiss nursing homes provided data. The questionnaire used was based on published recommendations regarding management of aggressive behaviour and amendments by experts. RESULTS: The most widely used measure aimed to calm down the resident and to understand the meaning of aggressive behaviour. Physical activities were applied by around 50% of the respondents, and interdisciplinary case reviews as well as standardised instruments for assessment and documentation were used by <50%. Caregiver characteristics such as employment level, support from superiors, institutionalised support for affected caregivers and training in aggression management are associated with their use of recommended measures. Furthermore, caregivers' competence in empathising with the residents' perspective in connection with their professional experience has a positive influence on applying recommended measures. CONCLUSION: Caregivers use multifaceted measures in understanding the meaning of underlying aggression, but there is a certain failure to use standardised instruments. Caregivers differ significantly in the frequency of their application of recommended measures. Support from superiors and assistance for affected caregivers positively influence their use of measures, whereas training in aggression management leads to less use. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Findings show the importance of support from superiors and institutionalised assistance for affected caregivers. Caregiver competence in empathising with the residents' perspective is important in using person-centred approaches in the care of residents with aggressive behaviour.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Cuidadores , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Casas de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
19.
Pflege ; 26(5): 321-35, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24088651

RESUMO

The present exploratory descriptive cross-sectional study with the participation of 814 (51.8%) caregivers in 21 Swiss nursing homes provides insight into caregivers' experiences and handling of residents' aggressive behaviour. Moreover, caregiver burden with regard to resident aggression and the consequences on the caregiver-resident-relationship were investigated. The survey was carried out by means of validated questionnaire. Approximately 38% of participants experienced aggressive incidents during the last seven days prior to data collection. In most cases aggressive behaviour was caused by residents suffering from dementia and/or depression and occurred during nursing interventions involving physical contact. As a trigger for aggressive behaviour participants predominately assumed "non-understanding and excessive demand" of residents. Reassuring conversation and keeping oneself at a distance were most often used to calm the situation. Approximately 40% of participants experienced physical attacks as especially distressing and circa 23% were frightened, particularly when aggressive behaviour occurred without warning. Approximately 4% of caregivers avoided contact with residents after an aggressive incident and 12.3% perceived a disturbed relationship. It can be assumed that caregivers do not adequately perceive emotions possibly underlying aggressive behaviour in the escalation phase and therefore may not identify early signs of beginning aggression.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Casas de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Ética em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
20.
Pflege Z ; 66(2): 100-4, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23444811

RESUMO

In ambulant pediatric care, patients situations are becoming increasingly complex, because the lenght of hospital stay is reduced since the introduction of Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG). Consequently, the patients' safety is constantly becoming more important. The patients' safety is closely associated with the nurses' awareness of risks and the safety climate within the institution. This study is investigating how nurses of a pediatric outpatient service estimate the patients' safety and how that can be optimized, if necessary. As part of a cross-sectional study, a total of 106 nurses of the pediatric outpatient service were interviewed with a modified German version of the "Patient Safety Climate Inventory (Patientensicherheitsklima-Inventar, PaSKI)". Data was analysed by a descriptive statistical method. The return rate was 80.2 percent. The results show a very high awareness of patients' safety issues as well as a high level of satisfaction concerning team collaboration. Both results have a positive influence on the safety-climate. Problems are associated mainly with the incident reporting system, e.g. with reporting critical incidents and communicating after reporting. This indicates the importance of a useable incident reporting system, which--in combination with staff training--may be an important step towards a structured risk management. Furthermore, it clarifies the importance of transparent communication after a reported incident, as also described in the literature.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Enfermagem Pediátrica/organização & administração , Enfermagem Pediátrica/normas , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Criança , Comportamento Cooperativo , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Equipe de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Equipe de Enfermagem/normas , Relações Profissional-Família , Gestão de Riscos/organização & administração , Gestão de Riscos/normas , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça
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