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1.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459194

RESUMO

Cognitive and behavioral rigidity are observed in various psychiatric diseases, including in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, we found that neuroligin-3 (NL3) R451C knockin mouse model of autism (KI mice) exhibited deficits in behavioral flexibility in choice selection tasks. Single-unit recording of medium spiny neuron (MSN) activity in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) revealed altered encoding of decision-related cue and impaired updating of choice anticipation in KI mice. Additionally, fiber photometry demonstrated significant disruption in dynamic mesolimbic dopamine (DA) signaling for reward prediction errors (RPEs), along with reduced activity in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neurons projecting to the NAc in KI mice. Interestingly, NL3 re-expression in the mPFC, but not in the NAc, rescued the deficit of flexible behaviors and simultaneously restored NAc-MSN encoding, DA dynamics, and mPFC-NAc output in KI mice. Taken together, this study reveals the frontostriatal circuit dysfunction underlying cognitive inflexibility and establishes a critical role of the mPFC NL3 deficiency in this deficit in KI mice. Therefore, these findings provide new insights into the mechanisms of cognitive and behavioral inflexibility and potential intervention strategies.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 923: 171418, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460701

RESUMO

Perturbations in soil microbial communities caused by climate warming are expected to have a strong impact on biodiversity and future climate-carbon (C) feedback, especially in vulnerable habitats that are highly sensitive to environmental change. Here, we investigate the impact of four-year experimental warming on soil microbes and C cycling in the Loess Hilly Region of China. The results showed that warming led to soil C loss, mainly from labile C, and this C loss is associated with microbial response. Warming significantly decreased soil bacterial diversity and altered its community structure, especially increasing the abundance of heat-tolerant microorganisms, but had no effect on fungi. Warming also significantly increased the relative importance of homogeneous selection and decreased "drift" of bacterial and fungal communities. Moreover, warming decreased bacterial network stability but increased fungal network stability. Notably, the magnitude of soil C loss was significantly and positively correlated with differences in bacterial community characteristics under ambient and warming conditions, including diversity, composition, network stability, and community assembly. This result suggests that microbial responses to warming may amplify soil C loss. Combined, these results provide insights into soil microbial responses and C feedback in vulnerable ecosystems under climate warming scenarios.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Microbiota , Pradaria , Solo , Carbono , Mudança Climática , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias
3.
Phytochemistry ; 222: 114069, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548035

RESUMO

Seventeen piperidine alkaloids, including 15 previously undescribed 2-substituted-6-(9-phenylnonyl)-piperidine-3,4-diol alkaloids and a previously undescribed 2-substituted-6-(9-phenylnonyl)-piperidine-3-ol alkaloid, were isolated from the leaves of Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott. Their planar structures and configurations were elucidated based on HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR, Snatzke's method, modified Mosher method, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, as well as quantum chemical calculation. It was found that ΔδH5b-H5a can be used to elucidate the relative configuration of 2,3,4,6-tetrasubstituted piperidine, by analyzing the NMR data of 2-substituted-6-(9-phenylnonyl)-piperidine-3,4-diol. Antiproliferative activity was evaluated for all of the alkaloids, and compounds 6-8 showed considerable inhibitory activity against K562 cell line, with the IC50 values of 17.24 ± 1.62, 19.31 ± 0.9 and 18.77 ± 1.09µM, respectively. Furthermore, compounds 6 and 7 exerted an antiproliferative effect by inducing apoptosis.

4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(2): 480-488, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523106

RESUMO

The construction of urban ecological green wedges, which can mitigate the heat island effect through cooling and ventilation effects, is an important way to enhance the adaptation of cities to climate change. Dynamic monitoring and periodic assessment of both the conservation status and cooling effect of ecological green wedges is a key to ensure the heat mitigation benefits. Based on multi-source remote sensing data, we systematically analyzed the land use changes of six ecological green wedges in Wuhan in 2013 and 2020 using the methods of Markov transfer matrix, land use dynamics, and comprehensive index of land use degree, and evaluated the changes in surface temperature of the ecological green wedges and their cooling island effect. Results showed that the ecological green wedges in Wuhan generally had a large amount of construction land encroaching on ecological land from 2013 to 2020, with the water decreased the most. With the continuous deterioration of ecological green wedges, their land surface temperatures showed rising trends, together with significant weakening trends in cooling island effects. Among all the six wedges, the Dadonghu, Tangxun, and Wuhu exhibited relatively better ecological conservation, slighter land use change and lower overall development degree. Qinglinghu and Houguanhu demonstrated average levels of conservation. Fuhe experienced the most severe change under the significant influence of the westward policy of Wuhan City, with the proportion of water decreasing by 7.1%, warming up by 3.00 ℃, and the largest reduction in cooling distance for the cooling island effect, amounting to about 210 m. The results provided scientific evidence for the urban heat island mitigation-oriented planning and management of ecological green wedges for Wuhan City.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Água , Cidades , Temperatura , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
5.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1320500, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525084

RESUMO

Introduction: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is a common chronic disease, and the loss of bone density and bone strength after menopause are its main symptoms. Effective treatments for PMOP are still uncertain, but Chinese medicine has some advantages in slowing down bone loss. Shengu granules are often used clinically to treat PMOP. It has been shown to be an effective prescription for the treatment of PMOP, and there is evidence that gut flora may play an important role. However, whether Shengu granules attenuate PMOP by modulating gut flora and related mechanisms remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we mainly examined the bone strength of the femur, the structure of the intestinal microbiota, SCFAs in the feces and the level of FOXP3 cells in the colon. To further learn about the inflammation response, the condition of the mucosa and the level of cytokines in the serum also included in the testing. In addition, to get the information of the protein expression, the protein expression of OPG and RANKL in the femur and the protein expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the colon were taken into account. Results: The osteoporosis was significantly improved in the SG group compared with the OVX group, and the diversity of intestinal flora, the secretion level of SCFAs and the expression level of FOXP3 were significantly increased compared with the OVX group. In terms of inflammatory indicators, the intestinal inflammation scores of the SG group was significantly lower than those in the OVX group. Additionally, the serum expression levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß in the SG group were significantly increased compared with the OVX group, and the expression levels of IL-17 and TNF-α were significantly decreased compared with the OVX group. In terms of protein expression, the expression levels of ZO-1, Occluding and OPG were significantly increased in the SG group compared with the OVX group, and the expression level of RANKL was significantly decreased compared with the OVX group. Discussion: Shengu granules treatment can improve the imbalance of intestinal flora, increase the secretion of SCFAs and the expression of FOXP3, which reduces the inflammatory response and repairs the intestinal barrier, as well as regulates the expression of OPG/RANKL signaling axis. Overall, Shengu granules ameliorate ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis by the gut-bone-immune axis.

6.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 100, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The family Rhabdiasidae (Nematoda: Rhabditida) is a globally distributed group of nematode parasites, with over 110 species parasitic mainly in amphibians and reptiles. However, the systematic position of the family Rhabdiasidae in the order Rhabditida remains unsolved, and the evolutionary relationships among its genera are still unclear. Moreover, the present knowledge of the mitochondrial genomes of rhabdiasids remains limited. METHODS: Two rhabdiasid species: Rhabdias kafunata Sata, Takeuchi & Nakano, 2020 and R. bufonis (Schrank, 1788) collected from the Asiatic toad Bufo gargarizans Cantor (Amphibia: Anura) in China, were identified based on morphology (light and scanning electron microscopy) and molecular characterization (sequencing of the nuclear 28S and ITS regions and mitochondrial cox1 and 12S genes). The complete mitochondrial genomes of R. kafunata and R. bufonis were also sequenced and annotated for the first time. Moreover, phylogenetic analyses based on the amino acid sequences of 12 protein-coding genes (PCGs) of the mitochondrial genomes were performed to clarify the systematic position of the family Rhabdiasidae in the order Rhabditida using maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI). The phylogenetic analyses based on the 28S + ITS sequences, were also inferred to assess the evolutionary relationships among the genera within Rhabdiasidae. RESULTS: The detailed morphology of the cephalic structures, vulva and eggs in R. kafunata and R. bufonis was revealed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for the first time. The characterization of 28S and ITS regions of R. kafunata was reported for the first time. The mitogenomes of R. kafunata and R. bufonis are 15,437 bp and 15,128 bp long, respectively, and both contain 36 genes, including 12 PCGs (missing atp8). Comparative mitogenomics revealed that the gene arrangement of R. kafunata and R. bufonis is different from all of the currently available mitogenomes of nematodes. Phylogenetic analyses based on the ITS + 28S data showed Neoentomelas and Kurilonema as sister lineages, and supported the monophyly of Entomelas, Pneumonema, Serpentirhabdias and Rhabdias. Mitochondrial phylogenomic results supported Rhabdiasidae as a member of the superfamily Rhabditoidea in the suborder Rhabditina, and its occurrance as sister to the family Rhabditidae. CONCLUSIONS: The complete mitochondrial genome of R. kafunata and R. bufonis were reported for the first time, and two new gene arrangements of mitogenomes in Nematoda were revealed. Mitogenomic phylogenetic results indicated that the family Rhabdiasidae is a member of Rhabditoidea in Rhabditina, and is closely related to Rhabditidae. Molecular phylogenies based on the ITS + 28S sequence data supported the validity of Kurilonema, and showed that Kurilonema is sister to Neoentomelas. The present phylogenetic results also indicated that the ancestors of rhabdiasids seem to have initially infected reptiles, then spreading to amphibians.


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Rabditídios , Rhabditoidea , Feminino , Animais , Filogenia , Rabditídios/genética , Teorema de Bayes , Óvulo , Anuros/parasitologia , Répteis
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 273: 116155, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417317

RESUMO

Excessive exposure to manganese in the environment or workplace is strongly linked to neurodegeneration and cognitive impairment, but the precise pathogenic mechanism and preventive measures are still not fully understood. The study aimed to investigate manganese -induced oxidative damage in the nervous system from an epigenetic perspective, focusing on the H3K36ac-dependent antioxidant pathway. Additionally, it sought to examine the potential of curcumin in preventing manganese-induced oxidative damage. Histopathology and transmission electron microscopy revealed that apoptosis and necrosis of neurons and mitochondrial ultrastructure damage were observed in the striatum of manganese-exposed rats. manganese suppressed the expression of mitochondrial antioxidant genes, leading to oxidative damage in the rats' striatum and SH-SY5Y cells. With higher doses of manganese, levels of histone acetyltransferase lysine acetyltransferase 2 A (KAT2A) expression and H3K36ac level decreased. ChIP-qPCR confirmed that H3K36ac enrichment in the promoter regions of antioxidant genes SOD2, PRDX3, and TXN2 was reduced in SH-SY5Y cells after manganese exposure, leading to decreased expression of these genes. Overexpression of KAT2A confirms that it attenuates manganese-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage by regulating H3K36ac levels, which in turn controls the expression of antioxidant genes SOD2, PRDX3, and TXN2 in the manganese-exposed cell model. Furthermore, curcumin might control H3K36ac levels by influencing KAT2A expression, boosting antioxidant genes expression, and reducing manganese-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage. In conclusion, the regulation of mitochondrial oxidative stress by histone acetylation may be an important mechanism of manganese-induced neurotoxicity. This regulation could be achieved by reducing the level of H3K36ac near the promoter region of mitochondrial-associated antioxidant genes via KAT2A. Curcumin mitigates manganese-induced oxidative damage in mitochondria and plays a crucial protective role in manganese-induced oxidative injury in the nervous system.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Neuroblastoma , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Manganês/toxicidade , Manganês/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacologia , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neurônios/metabolismo , Histona Acetiltransferases/metabolismo
8.
Phytochemistry ; 220: 114034, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382668

RESUMO

Morinda (Morinda officinalis How.) is widely consumed as a functional food owing to its potential to promote health. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory phytochemicals of morinda and isolated 30 monoterpenes, including 6 undescribed iridoids (1, 6, 9-11 and 25), 2 undescribed acyclic monoterpenoids (28, 29), a known acyclic monoterpenoid and 21 known iridoids. Their chemical and stereo-structures were elucidated based on HR-ESI-MS, NMR, 13C-NMR calculations, ECD data and ECD calculations. Notably, compounds 11, 12 and 20 exerted pronounced inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 28.51 ± 1.70, 25.45 ± 4.17 and 29.17 ± 3.71 µM respectively (indomethacin, IC50 of 33.68 ± 2.19 µM). The same compounds exert anti-inflammatory effects by blocking nuclear translocation of nuclear factor κ-B, and down-regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as cyclooxygenase-2, inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-1ß and interleukin-6 at mRNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that moderate consumption of morinda helps prevent and reduce the occurrence of inflammatory-related diseases.

9.
Environ Pollut ; 346: 123659, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417603

RESUMO

Organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs), such as 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPHP), are ubiquitously used, leading to pervasive environmental contamination and human health risks. While associations between EHDPHP and health issues such as disruption of hormones, neurotoxic effects, and toxicity to reproduction have been recognized, exposure to EHDPHP during perinatal life and its implications for the intestinal health of dams and their pups have largely been unexplored. This study investigated the intestinal toxicity of EHDPHP and the potential for which inulin was effective. Dams were administered either an EHDPHP solution or a corn oil control from gestation day 7 (GD7) to postnatal day 21 (PND21), with inulin provided in their drinking water. Our results indicate that inulin supplementation mitigates damage to the intestinal epithelium caused by EHDPHP, restores mucus-secreting cells, suppresses intestinal hyperpermeability, and abates intestinal inflammation by curtailing lipopolysaccharide leakage through reshaping of the gut microbiota. A reduction in LPS levels concurrently inhibited the inflammation-associated TLR4/NF-κB pathway. In conclusion, inulin administration may ameliorate intestinal toxicity caused by EHDPHP in dams and pups by reshaping the gut microbiota and suppressing the LPS/TLR4/NF-κB pathway. These findings underscore the efficacy of inulin as a therapeutic agent for managing health risks linked to EHDPHP exposure.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Fosfatos , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Fosfatos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B , Lipopolissacarídeos , Inulina/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Inflamação
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321212

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a type of malignant tumor originating from the intrahepatic, periportal, or distal biliary system. The treatment means for CCA is limited, and its prognosis is poor. Spatholobi Caulis (SC) is reported to have effects on anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor, but its role in CCA is unclear. First, the potential molecular mechanism of SC for CCA treatment was explored based on network pharmacology, and the core targets were verified by molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation. Then, we explored the inhibitory effect of SC on the malignant biological behavior of CCA in vitro and in vivo and also explored the related signaling pathways. The effect of combination therapy of SC and cisplatin (DDP) in CCA was also explored. Finally, we conducted a network pharmacological study and simple experimental verification on luteolin, one of the main components of SC. Network pharmacology analysis showed that the core targets of SC on CCA were AKT1, CASP3, MYC, TP53, and VEGFA. Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation indicated a good combination between the core target protein and the corresponding active ingredients. In vitro, SC inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CCA cells. In vivo experiments, the results were consistent with in vitro experiments, and there was no significant hepatorenal toxicity of SC at our dosage. Based on KEGG enrichment analysis, we found PI3K/AKT signaling pathway might be the main signaling pathway of SC action on CCA by using AKT agonist SC79. To explore whether SC was related to the chemotherapy sensitivity of CCA, we found that SC combined with DDP could more effectively inhibit the progression of cholangiocarcinoma. Finally, we found luteolin may inhibit the proliferation and invasion of CCA cells. Our study demonstrates for the first time that SC inhibits the progression of CCA by suppressing EMT through the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, and SC could enhance the effectiveness of cisplatin therapy for CCA.

11.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 39(4): 630-641, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38230882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cohort studies have linked metabolic syndrome (MetS) to gastrointestinal (GI) cancer risk. We aimed to evaluate the associations between MetS, its components, and combinations of MetS components with eight GI cancers risk. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of prospective cohort studies and performed a meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses regarding diagnostic criteria, sex, cancer sites, histological subtypes, ethnic groups, and studies adjusted for alcohol consumption were carried out. Mendelian randomization (MR) was employed to evaluate the causality between 17 MetS-related traits and eight GI cancers among Europeans and Asians separately. RESULTS: Meta-analyses of 31 prospective studies indicated that MetS was significantly associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.13 [1.12-1.15]), esophageal cancer (EC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.17 [1.03-1.32]), gallbladder cancer (GBC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.37[1.10-1.71]), liver cancer (LC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.46 [1.29-1.64]), and pancreatic cancer (PaC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.25 [1.20-1.30]), but not gastric cancer (GC) (RR [95% CI] = 1.11 [0.96-1.28]). Regarding the associations between MetS components and GI cancers risk, the following associations showed statistical significance: obesity-CRC/LC/EC/, hypertriglyceridemia-LC/PaC, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-CRC/LC/GC/PaC, hyperglycemia-CRC/LC/PaC, and hypertension-CRC/LC/EC/PaC. Sex-specific associations were observed between individual MetS components on GI cancers risk. Among the top three common combinations in both sexes, obesity + HTN + hyperglycemia had the strongest association with CRC risk (RR [95% CI] = 1.54 [1.49-1.61] for males and 1.27 [1.21-1.33] for females). MR analyses revealed causality in 16 exposure-outcome pairs: waist-to-hip ratio/BMI/HbA1c-CRC; BMI/childhood obesity/waist circumference/T2DM/glucose-EC; BMI/waist circumference/cholesterol-LC; cholesterol/childhood obesity/waist circumference/HbA1c-PaC; and HbA1c-GBC. These results were robust against sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Since MetS is reversible, lifestyle changes or medical interventions targeting MetS patients might be potential prevention strategies for GI cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Hiperglicemia , Hipertensão , Síndrome Metabólica , Obesidade Pediátrica , Neoplasias Gástricas , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Hipertensão/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Colesterol , Fatores de Risco
12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(1): e2353877, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289600

RESUMO

Importance: Numerous studies have documented the association of self-rated health (SRH) with chronic diseases. However, few studies have investigated its association with semen quality. Objective: To examine the association of SRH with semen quality among men undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) in China. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study recruited male partners in couples undergoing ART treatment at the Center for Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China. A total of 1262 men underwent 2 semen examinations and completed a questionnaire on SRH between December 2018 and January 2020. Data analysis was performed from November 20, 2022, to March 24, 2023. Exposure: SRH, including overall physical and mental health, as well as reproductive-related physical and mental health specifically, were reported at baseline recruitment. Main Outcomes and Measures: Sperm concentration, sperm progressive motility, sperm motility, and sperm count as semen quality parameters. Results: The study included 1262 men with a mean (SD) age of 32.79 (5.25) years and body mass index of 24.37 (3.68). Men with poorer SRH had lower semen quality (eg, sperm concentration among poor vs very good overall physical health: percentage variation, -14.67%; 95% CI, -23.62% to -4.66%). Among 4 components of SRH, a greater reduction in semen quality was estimated for reproductive-related SRH compared with overall SRH, whereas the greatest reduction was observed for reproductive-related physical SRH. In comparison with men with very good reproductive-related physical SRH, men with poor reproductive-related physical SRH had differences of -24.78% (95% CI, -32.71% to -15.93%) and -25.61% (95% CI, -33.95% to -16.22%) in sperm count and concentration, respectively, and regression coefficients of -9.38 (95% CI, -12.01 to -6.76) and -9.24 (95% CI, -11.82 to -6.66) for sperm motility and sperm progressive motility, respectively. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cross-sectional study of Chinese men, poorer SRH was associated with lower semen quality, and reproductive-related physical SRH was the most pronounced indicator. Our findings suggest that SRH, especially reproductive-related physical SRH, was a good indicator of semen quality, which should inform public and clinical regulatory decisions.


Assuntos
Análise do Sêmen , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Sêmen , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida
13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(9): 13954-13964, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38267646

RESUMO

Prenatal exposures to phthalates and bisphenols have been shown to be linked with adverse birth outcomes. Oxidative stress (OS) is considered a potential mechanism. The objective of this study was to explore the individual and mixtures of prenatal exposures to phthalates and bisphenols in associations with OS biomarkers. We measured eight phthalate metabolites and three bisphenols in the urine samples from 105 pregnant women in Wuhan, China. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 8-isoprostaglandin F2α (8-isoPGF2α), and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-mercapturic acid (HNE-MA) were determined as OS biomarkers. The OS biomarkers in associations with the individual chemicals were estimated by linear regression models and restricted cubic spline (RCS) models, and their associations with the chemical mixtures were explored by quantile g-computation (qg-comp) models. In single-pollutant analyses, five phthalate metabolites including monomethyl phthalate (MMP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), (2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), and mono (2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) were positively associated with urinary 8-OHdG levels (all FDR-adjusted P = 0.06). These associations were further confirmed by the RCS models and were linear (P for overall association ≤ 0.05 and P for non-linear association > 0.05). In mixture analyses, qg-comp models showed that a one-quartile increase in the chemical mixtures of phthalate metabolites and bisphenols was positively associated with urinary levels of 8-OHdG and 8-isoPGF2α, and bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol F (BPF) were the most contributing chemicals, respectively. Prenatal exposures to individual phthalates and mixtures of phthalates and bisphenols were associated with higher OS levels.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , Dietilexilftalato/análogos & derivados , Poluentes Ambientais , Fenóis , Ácidos Ftálicos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Estresse Oxidativo , Exposição Ambiental/análise
14.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 112(1): e35363, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247247

RESUMO

This study explores the use of in situ cross-linked hyaluronic acid methacryloyl (HAMA) and hydroxyapatite particles (HAP) for bone defect repair. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) were isolated and co-cultured with the HAMA-HAP composite. Osteogenic differentiation was evaluated using Alizarin Red staining, alkaline phosphatase activity quantification, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A cranial defect was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats. This defect was then filled with the HAMA-HAP composite and cross-linked using UV light exposure. Bone formation was assessed through radiographic and histological analyses. The HAMA-HAP composite was found to promote cell viability similarly to pure HAP. It also enhanced gene expression of ALP, OPN, and Runx2, and increased ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation in vitro. Micro-CT scans showed defect restoration in the HAMA-HAP and HAP groups compared to the control group. The HAMA-HAP group exhibited higher Tb.N, Tb.Sp, Tb.Th, and BV/TV. Masson staining showed the HAMA-HAP composite restored the defect site, with new bone formation thicker than in the HAP group. The HAMA-HAP composite showed excellent biocompatibility and promoted osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. It effectively repaired cranial defects, indicating its potential for clinical use in bone defect repair.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Osteogênese , Ratos , Humanos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea , Durapatita/farmacologia , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia
15.
Environ Health Perspect ; 132(1): 17006, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38261302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have shown that disinfection byproducts (DBPs) including haloacetic acids (HAAs) can cause liver toxicity, but evidence linking this association in humans is sparse. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the associations between HAA exposures and liver injury. METHODS: We included 922 women between December 2018 and January 2020 from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) cohort study in Wuhan, China. Urinary HAA concentrations including trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) and dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and serum indicators of liver function, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) were measured. Liver injury was defined as if any of serum indicator levels were above the 90th percentile. Multivariate logistic and linear regression models were fitted to assess the associations of urinary HAA concentrations with the risk of liver injury and liver function indicators. Stratified analyses by age, body mass index (BMI), alcohol use, and passive smoking were also applied to evaluate the potential effect modifiers. RESULTS: There is little evidence of associations of urinary TCAA concentrations with liver injury risk and liver function indicators. However, urinary DCAA concentrations were associated with a higher risk of liver injury [odds ratios (OR) for 1-interquartile range (IQR) increase in natural log (ln) transformed DCAA concentrations: 1.45; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07, 1.98]. This association was observed only among nondrinkers (pinteraction=0.058). We also found that a 1-IQR increase in ln-transformed DCAA concentrations was positively associated with ALT levels (percentage change=6.06%; 95% CI: 0.48%, 11.95%) and negatively associated with AST/ALT (percentage change=-4.48%; 95% CI: -7.80%, -1.04%). In addition, urinary DCAA concentrations in relation to higher GGT levels was observed only among passive smokers (pinteraction=0.040). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exposure to DCAA but not TCAA is associated with liver injury among women undergoing assisted reproductive technology. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP13386.


Assuntos
Ácido Dicloroacético , Fígado , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia
16.
J Cancer ; 15(1): 126-139, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164289

RESUMO

Background: KIAA1429, a member of the RNA methyltransferase complex, is involved in cancer progression; however, the clinical significance and underlying mechanism of KIAA1429 in osteosarcoma (OS) remains to be reported. Methods: We evaluated the clinical significance of KIAA1429 in OS by performing RT-qPCR, microarray, and RNA sequencing and using published data as a reference. Two KIAA1429-targeting siRNA constructs were transfected into SW1353 cells. CCK-8 assay, colony formation assays, flow cytometry and the xenograft mouse model were conducted to investigate the biological function of KIAA1429 in OS. Results: The mRNA expression of KIAA1429 was markedly upregulated in 250 OS samples as compared to that in 71 non-cancer samples (standardized mean difference = 0.67). Summary receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that KIAA1429 exhibited reliable diagnostic capacity to differentiate OS samples from non-cancer samples (area under the curve = 0.83). Further, survival analysis indicated that KIAA1429 overexpression was associated with shorter overall survival time. Knocking down KIAA1429 reduced m6A methylation levels, inhibited proliferation, prevented the growth of tumors in vivo and accelerated apoptosis of OS cells. In total, 395 KIAA1429-related genes were identified among co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes, which were enriched in the cell cycle pathway. Protein-protein interaction network analysis showed that CDK1, CCNA2, and CCNB1 were KIAA1429-related genes, serving as major network hubs in OS. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that KIAA1429 plays an oncogenic role in OS and potentially facilitates OS progression via a mechanism that involves regulating CDK1, CCNA2, and CCNB1.

17.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 35, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with ovarian cancer (OC) treated with platinum-based chemotherapy have a dismal prognosis owing to drug resistance. However, the regulatory mechanisms of circular RNA (circRNA) and p53 ubiquitination are unknown in platinum-resistant OC. We aimed to identify circRNAs associated with platinum-resistant OC to develop a novel treatment strategy. METHODS: Platinum-resistant circRNAs were screened through circRNA sequencing and validated using quantitative reverse-transcription PCR in OC cells and tissues. The characteristics of circNUP50 were analysed using Sanger sequencing, oligo (dT) primers, ribonuclease R and fluorescence in situ hybridisation assays. Functional experimental studies were performed in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism underlying circNUP50-mediated P53 ubiquitination was investigated through circRNA pull-down analysis and mass spectrometry, luciferase reporters, RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence assays, cycloheximide chase assays, and ubiquitination experiments. Finally, a platinum and si-circNUP50 co-delivery nanosystem (Psc@DPP) was constructed to treat platinum-resistant OC in an orthotopic animal model. RESULTS: We found that circNUP50 contributes to platinum-resistant conditions in OC by promoting cell proliferation, affecting the cell cycle, and reducing apoptosis. The si-circNUP50 mRNA sequencing and circRNA pull-down analysis showed that circNUP50 mediates platinum resistance in OC by binding p53 and UBE2T, accelerating p53 ubiquitination. By contrast, miRNA sequencing and circRNA pull-down experiments indicated that circNUP50 could serve as a sponge for miR-197-3p, thereby upregulating G3BP1 to mediate p53 ubiquitination, promoting OC platinum resistance. Psc@DPP effectively overcame platinum resistance in an OC tumour model and provided a novel idea for treating platinum-resistant OC using si-circNUP50. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals a novel molecular mechanism by which circNUP50 mediates platinum resistance in OC by modulating p53 ubiquitination and provides new insights for developing effective therapeutic strategies for platinum resistance in OC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina , Animais , Humanos , Feminino , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , DNA Helicases/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Poli-ADP-Ribose/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/genética , Proteínas com Motivo de Reconhecimento de RNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ubiquitinação , Proliferação de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
19.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 46(4): 2151-2170, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37976193

RESUMO

Learning powerful representations in bird's-eye-view (BEV) for perception tasks is trending and drawing extensive attention both from industry and academia. Conventional approaches for most autonomous driving algorithms perform detection, segmentation, tracking, etc., in a front or perspective view. As sensor configurations get more complex, integrating multi-source information from different sensors and representing features in a unified view come of vital importance. BEV perception inherits several advantages, as representing surrounding scenes in BEV is intuitive and fusion-friendly; and representing objects in BEV is most desirable for subsequent modules as in planning and/or control. The core problems for BEV perception lie in (a) how to reconstruct the lost 3D information via view transformation from perspective view to BEV; (b) how to acquire ground truth annotations in BEV grid; (c) how to formulate the pipeline to incorporate features from different sources and views; and (d) how to adapt and generalize algorithms as sensor configurations vary across different scenarios. In this survey, we review the most recent works on BEV perception and provide an in-depth analysis of different solutions. Moreover, several systematic designs of BEV approach from the industry are depicted as well. Furthermore, we introduce a full suite of practical guidebook to improve the performance of BEV perception tasks, including camera, LiDAR and fusion inputs. At last, we point out the future research directions in this area. We hope this report will shed some light on the community and encourage more research effort on BEV perception.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 269: 115741, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have shown that disinfection byproducts (DBPs) induce coagulotoxicity, but human evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the relationships of DBP exposures with blood coagulation parameters. METHODS: Among 858 women from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) study, urinary dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were detected as internal biomarkers of DBP exposures. We measured activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (Fbg), international normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin time (TT) as blood coagulation parameters. Multivariable linear regression models were utilized to estimate the relationships between urinary DCAA and TCAA and blood coagulation parameters. The effect modifications by demographic and lifestyle characteristics were further explored. RESULTS: Elevated tertiles of urinary DCAA concentrations were associated with increased PT and INR (11.29%, 95% CI: 1.66%, 20.92% and 0.99%, 95% CI: 0.08%, 1.90% for the third vs. first tertile, respectively; both P for trends < 0.05). Stratification analysis showed that the positive associations were only observed among younger (< 30 years), leaner (body mass index < 24.0 kg/m2), and non-passive smoking women. Moreover, elevated tertiles of urinary TCAA concentrations in positive associations with PT and INR were observed among younger women (17.89%, 95% CI: 2.50%, 33.29% and 1.82%, 95% CI: 0.34%, 3.30% for the third vs. first tertile, respectively; both P for trends < 0.05) but not among older women (both P for interactions < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Higher levels of urinary DCAA and TCAA are associated with prolonged clotting time among women.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Reprodução , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Desinfecção/métodos , Coagulação Sanguínea , Ácido Tricloroacético/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Ácido Dicloroacético/urina
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