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1.
Chemosphere ; : 134878, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569636

RESUMO

Waste electronic and electrical equipment are complex mixtures of valuable and/or toxic materials, which pose serious challenges in their recycling or disposal, for example, electrical transmission wires insulated in polyvinyl chloride materials. These materials are frequently found contaminated with toxic chemical elements, such as Pb, Hg, Cr, or Cd, and are discarded without decontamination. To resolve this problem, we developed a microwave-assisted extraction process to remove toxic metals from plastic e-waste. We processed diluted (30 wt%) citric acid at 210 °C for 1 h inside a pressurized vessel heated by microwave, and found it was suitable not only for the extraction of the toxic metals (∼100%) but also for a significant plastic recovery (>50 wt%). To predict an optimized process window, the support vector regression machine learning algorithm was applied, which reduced the amount of experimentation required while still giving accurate results. Conditions optimized for the reference sample also led to maximum extraction of toxic metals from real-life extension cord waste. We also report that the recovered plastic's properties remained intact after the extraction.

2.
Ann Hematol ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570208

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is generally the optimal option for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, for favorable- and intermediate-risk patients, the regimen remains less understood due to graft versus host disease (GVHD) and increased non-relapsed mortality (NRM) caused by allo-HSCT. Additionally, the benefit of maintenance therapy has not yet been conclusively proven. Here, we conducted a retrospective study on the long-term outcome of AML patients with favorable or intermediate risk who underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) followed by interleukin-2 (IL-2) subcutaneous injection as maintenance therapy. A total of 49 patients from 2007 to 2019 were included in our study. They all received a daunorubicin + cytarabine regimen as induction chemotherapy followed by four to six cycles of consolidation therapy with medium- or high-dose cytarabine. Once patients achieved complete remission (CR1), they started receiving auto-HSCT followed by IL-2 injections. The results showed that no patients stopped receiving IL-2 injections on account of adverse side effects, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) rates were 85.6 ± 5.0% and 78.5 ± 6.1%, respectively. The multivariate analysis also suggested that age, gender, initial white blood cell (WBC) count, AML subtype, cytogenetic risk, and conditioning regimen did not affect the prognosis. In conclusion, auto-HSCT followed by IL-2 injection is an effective treatment that can improve the prognosis of AML for patients with favorable or intermediate risk.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35554809

RESUMO

The short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) on years of life lost (YLL) have been confirmed by several studies; however, little attention has been paid to the effects of PM on life expectancy from respiratory diseases (RD), especially at the city level. A generalized additive model (GAM) was used to assess the associations between daily PM and YLL of the RD and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Tianjin from 2015 to 2019. Then the daily avoidable YLL, attributable fraction, and potential life expectancy benefits (PLEB) of RD and COPD by reducing the daily concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 to attain the Chinese and World Health Organization (WHO) air quality standard targets were estimated during 2015-2019. The stratified analyses by gender were also conducted. A total of 18279 RD and 7767 COPD deaths were included in this study. Per 10 µg/m3 increments in PM2.5 and PM10 at lag1 were significantly associated with 0.83(95%CI: 0.11, 1.55) years and 0.57(95%CI: 0.06, 1.08) years increasing in YLL of total RD and 0.48 (95%CI: 0.07, 0.90) years and 0.30 (95%CI: 0.01, 0.60) years increasing in YLL of total COPD. If the daily PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations decreased to attain the Chinese and WHO air quality standard targets, 0.06-0.39 years PLEB due to total RD and 0.08-0.53 years PLEB due to COPD could be gained. And more PLEB on RD could be gained by decreasing the daily PM concentrations to attain the WHO air quality standard targets than that of attaining the Chinese air quality standard targets. These evidence-based findings emphasize the importance of the Chinese PM-related guideline updating and may have implications for PM-related policy-making.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 238: 113582, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512476

RESUMO

Cypermethrin (CYP), a widely-used composite pyrethroid pesticide, has underlying nephrotoxic effects. To elucidate potential roles of the MAPK pathway, the Jag/Notch pathway, and miRNAs in CYP-mediated kidney lesion, Sprague-Dawley rats and glomerular mesangial cells were used in this work. Results displayed that ß-CYP abnormally altered renal histomorphology and ultrastructures, induced renal DNA damage, and impaired renal functions, as evidenced by the increase in plasma levels of Cys-C and ß2-Mg. ß-CYP activated the JNK/c-Jun pathway by inducing ROS and oxidative stress. Meanwhile, ß-CYP changed the miRNA expression profile, miR-21-5p showing the most significant increase. Moreover, the Jag1/Notch2/Hes1 pathway was directly targeted by miR-21-5p, the mRNA and protein expression of Jag1, Notch2, and Hes1 being declined in vivo and in vitro. The chemokine CXCL16 was induced by ß-CYP, accompanied by the inflammatory factor production and inflammatory cell infiltration in kidneys. The specific JNK inhibitor, Jag1 overexpression, Hes1 overexpression, bidirectional Co-IP, ChIP, and CXCL16 silencing demonstrated that CXCL16 co-regulated by the JNK/c-Jun and Jag1/Notch2/Hes1 pathways elicited renal inflammation. Collectively, our findings indicate that ß-CYP is of nephrotoxicity and it not only directly changes renal histomorphology and ultrastructures, but induces CXCL16 to trigger renal inflammation via the JNK/c-Jun and Jag1/Notch2/Hes1 pathways, finally synergistically contributing to kidney damage.

5.
Nano Lett ; 22(9): 3678-3684, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442043

RESUMO

Inspired by electronic transistors, electric field gating has been adopted to manipulate ionic currents of smart nanofluidic devices. Here, we report a PNP nanofluidic bipolar junction transistor (nBJT) consisting of one polyaniline (PANI) layer sandwiched between two polyethylene terephthalate (PET) nanoporous membranes. The PNP nBJT exhibits three different responses of currents (quasi-linear, rectification, and sigmoid) due to the counterbalance between surface charge distribution and base voltage applied in the nanofluidic channels; thus, they can be switched by base voltage. Four operating modes (cutoff, active, saturation, and breakdown mode) occur in the collector response currents. Under optimal conditions, the PNP nBJT exhibits an average current gain of up to 95 in 100 mM KCl solution at a low base voltage of 0.2 V. The present nBJT is promising for fabrication of nanofluidic devices with logical-control functions for analysis of single molecules.

6.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 2045-2054, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480054

RESUMO

Background: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a serious medical issue causing non-relapsed mortality in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCT). Methods: The characteristics of all patients receiving HSCT (autologous and allogeneic HSCT) in our hospital from 2013 to 2019 were studied. Ratios, medians, and ranges were calculated to describe categorical variables. Chi-square tests were performed to compare the difference between ratios. Results: A total of 741 patients receiving 746 HSCT procedures-including 376 allogeneic, 370 autologous, and four of both types-were included in the study. The overall incidence of BSI in post-transplantation patients was 8.8% (N = 65). Gram-negative bacteria were the most common strains each year (33.3-81.3%), and E. coli was the most frequently isolated (33.3%). Enterobacterales represented 64.9% of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, and the ratio of MDR rebounded from 25% to 100% within a year. A total of 27 patients died from BSI after HSCT, and the seven-day and 30-day death tolls were 12 and 18, respectively. MDR caused 63% of deaths among patients with BSI and the mortality rate caused by tigecycline-resistance was as high as 100%. Conclusion: Our results reveal the changing epidemiology of BSI and antibiotic resistance in patients receiving HSCT in Southwest China, as well as showing that MDR and tigecycline-resistant microorganisms should be given more attention. Thus, long-term routine microorganism epidemiological and resistance monitoring in patients undergoing HSCT should be a vital practice in future.

7.
Chemosphere ; : 134469, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are endocrine-disrupting chemicals and may alter male reproductive hormone concentrations. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between multiple OCP exposures and serum testosterone concentrations among Chinese men. METHODS: We investigated 421 men who provided serum samples from an infertility clinic in Wuhan, China. Each man completed a questionnaire concerning demographic characteristics and lifestyle habits. Serum concentrations of 18 OCPs and total testosterone were measured. Linear regression models were used to explore whether serum OCP levels were associated with altered testosterone concentrations, and potential effect modifications by age and body mass index (BMI) were also examined. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounders, elevated dieldrin and p,p'-DDD levels had monotonically negative and positive exposure-response associations with testosterone concentrations, respectively (-30.98 ng/dL, 95% CI: -72.34, 10.37; P for trend = 0.12 and 41.31 ng/dL, 95% CI: -0.32, 82.93; P for trend = 0.06 for the highest vs. non-detectable exposure category, respectively). After stratification by age and BMI, dieldrin in relation to decreased testosterone concentrations was more pronounced among men aged <30 years old, and p,p'-DDD in relation to increased testosterone concentrations was stronger among men aged ≥30 years old and among men with a BMI <24 kg/m2, though the differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The study found evidence that serum dieldrin and p,p'-DDD concentrations might be associated with altered serum testosterone concentrations.

8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 820414, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35242111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several different criteria for subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have been used in the literature, but the performance of these criteria was unknown. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic criteria for SCH. METHODS: Eligible participants were based on centration of thyroglobulin antibodies (TG-Ab), thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), and five thyroid-related hormones including total thyroxine (TT4), total triiodothyronine (TT3), free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Euthyroid individuals were identified via specific criteria. Five different SCH diagnostic criteria were compared based on the distributions of those indicators. An appropriate TSH cut-off value was reconsidered. RESULTS: The study included 145,015 participants. The number of SCH cases diagnosed using criterion 5 was significantly different compared to the cases diagnosed using criteria 1-4 (P<0.05) and had the highest positive proportions of TG-Ab and TPO-Ab. Analysis of 60,515 subjects with normal other thyroid hormones revealed a median TSH concentration of 2.04 mIU/L, and the P 2.5-P 97.5 CI was 0.48-7.03 mIU/L. When the threshold for TSH elevation was elevated from ≥4.5 mIU/L to ≥6.50 mIU/L, the number of diagnosed SCH cases decreased from 7.30% to 2.09% and the proportions of positive TG-Ab and TPO-Ab increased from 23.69% and 24.07% to 33.75% and 35.06%, respectively (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Combination of an elevated TSH and normal TT3, TT4, FT3, and FT4 concentrations is a must for the diagnosis of SCH. A new TSH threshold should be identified for better patient monitoring and management, according to the real-world characteristics of TSH distribution in Chinese population.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Tiroxina , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hormônios Tireóideos , Tireotropina , Tri-Iodotironina
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(10): e2120379119, 2022 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35238650

RESUMO

SignificanceThe detection of low-abundance molecular biomarkers is key to the liquid-biopsy-based disease diagnosis. Existing methods are limited by the affinity and specificity of recognition probes and the mass transportation of analyte molecules onto the sensor surfaces, resulting in insufficient sensitivity and long assay time. This work establishes a rapid and ultrasensitive approach by actively tuning binding kinetics and accelerating the mass transportation via nanoparticle micromanipulations. This is significant because it permits extremely sensitive measurements within clinically acceptable assay time. It is incubation-free, washing-free, and compatible with low- and high-affinity probes.


Assuntos
Imagem Individual de Molécula/métodos , Sítios de Ligação , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cinética , Limite de Detecção , Termodinâmica
10.
World Neurosurg ; 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It remains controversial whether patients with atypical meningiomas can benefit from postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) after gross total resection (GTR). This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of PORT in patients with atypical meningiomas after GTR based on our single-center data with a relatively large sample size. METHODS: Patients with atypical meningiomas who underwent GTR in our center were reviewed. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were conducted for survival analyses. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated, and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were calculated. RESULTS: This study enrolled 260 patients. PORT was not associated with PFS (P = 0.507). Sex (P = 0.006, hazard ratio 0.418, 95% confidence interval 0.224-0.781), age (P = 0.032, hazard ratio 1.032, 95% confidence interval 1.003-1.061), and tumor location (P = 0.026, hazard ratio 0.199, 95% confidence interval 0.048-0.824) were independent predictors of PFS. The 5-year PFS rate of patients receiving PORT (85.6%) was similar to that of patients not receiving PORT (84.8%). The 5-year PFS rate was 100% in patients with convexity atypical meningiomas regardless of whether or not they received PORT. CONCLUSIONS: PORT after GTR may not prolong PFS in patients with atypical meningiomas. Patients with convexity atypical meningiomas had favorable outcomes after GTR regardless of receipt of PORT.

11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4994, 2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322153

RESUMO

Understanding the change in coal structure during heat treatment is the basis of efficient and clean utilization of coal. In this study, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was used to analyse the changes in the aggregate structure and ultramicropores of Zhungdong coal samples (Xinjiang, China) that were heated from ambient temperature to 800 °C respectively. Then, the relationship between their HRTEM characteristics and the corresponding reaction activation energy were also analyzed. The results show that the length, curvature, order, layer spacing and stacking height of the aromatic layers of the coal sample vary with an increasing temperature, and are related to the activation energy of the reaction. As the temperature reaches 300 °C, the HRTEM characteristics of the heated coal samples are obviously different from those of the raw coal sample. It is shown that the length of lattice fringes is in the range of 0.3-1.15 nm which accounts for approximately 95% of the total number of fringes. The overall orientation of lattice fringes is not good, but there are two main directions. After heating, the number of naphthalenes in the coal samples decreased, while the number of larger aromatic layers increased. The distance between the aromatic layers of the coal sample decreased with an increasing stacking height, the order of the aromatic layers was enhanced, and the number of aromatic sheets with a larger curvature increased. The coal ultramicropores are mainly concentrated from 0.4 to 0.7 nm. Heat treatment reduces the total number of ultramicropores, but the maximum number of pores is increased. The non-six-membered ring and lattice defects lead to the bending of the fringes, the distribution of fatty structures affects the orientation of the fringes, and the relationship between the pore and molecular structure does not exist independently. After heat treatment, the aggregate structure and ultramicropore size of coal have a high correlation with the activation energy. The activation energy is closely related to the 0.6 nmultramicropores. However, the current experiment could not explain the underlying causes of these relationships. The aggregated state in coal is the macromolecular group formed between different aromatic structures, fat structures and other molecules, which is formed by the interaction of internal defects and pores in the molecular group. The structural differences at different temperatures therefore reflect the interaction of different macromolecules in coal.

12.
Hum Reprod ; 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259255

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Are sleep characteristics associated with outcomes of IVF/ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: Nocturnal sleep <7 h/night and disturbed sleep are related to impaired oocyte and embryo yield, while longer nocturnal sleep might reduce the chance of a successful pregnancy, and the associations between nocturnal sleep duration and IVF/ICSI outcomes are modified by maternal age and subjective sleep quality. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Disturbed sleep and circadian rhythm contribute to impaired fecundity in the general population, but the effects of sleep characteristics on IVF/ICSI outcomes are largely unknown. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This study was conducted among 1276 women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment between December 2018 and September 2019 based on the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental cohort. Owing to the limited number of multiple cycles, we included only the outcomes of their first IVF/ICSI cycle in the current analysis. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Data on sleep characteristics were collected via questionnaires on the day of oocyte retrieval. IVF/ICSI outcomes were abstracted from medical records. Quasi-Poisson, quasi-binomial or logistic regression models were used to assess the relations between sleep characteristics and reproductive outcomes after adjusting for relevant confounders. We also performed stratified analyses by subjective sleep quality (good versus poor) and maternal age (≤30 versus >30 years). MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Compared with women who slept 7 to <8 h/night, those who slept <7 h/night exhibited decreases in the number of retrieved and mature oocytes of 11.5% (95% CI: -21.3%, -0.48%) and 11.9% (95% CI: -22.4%, -0.03%), respectively. A mid-sleep time (MST) earlier than 2:21 a.m. (<2:21 a.m.) or later than 3:00 a.m. (≥3:00 a.m.) and poor subjective sleep quality were inversely associated with the fertilization rate. Women who had trouble falling asleep more than three times per week had a lower number of mature oocytes (-10.5%, 95% CI: -18.6%, -1.6%), normal fertilized oocytes (-14.8%, 95% CI: -23.7%, -4.8%) and good-quality embryos (-15.1%, 95% CI: -25.4%, -3.5%) than those who had no such trouble. In addition, women who slept 9 to <10 h/night had a lower chance of clinical pregnancy compared to women who slept 7 to <8 h/night (odds ratio = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.44, 0.98). In the stratified analyses, the positive associations of nocturnal sleep duration with the number of good-quality embryos and fertilization rate existed only among the women with poor subjective sleep quality (P for interaction = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). Additionally, we found that the positive associations of nocturnal sleep duration with implantation or clinical pregnancy only existed among women aged over 30 years (P for interaction = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Sleep characteristics are self-reported, which may lead to misclassification. MST serves as a proxy of chronotype and may be non-differentially misclassified resulting in an underestimate of the association of interest. Measuring sleep characteristics on the day of oocyte retrieval may lead to bias. Chance findings cannot be excluded because of the limited number of women with <7 h or ≥10 h nocturnal sleep and multiple testing. Our results may be biased by other confounders and may not be generalizable to women of other ethnicities. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Unhealthy sleep characteristics, including short nocturnal sleep, inappropriate sleep time, poor subjective sleep quality and having trouble falling asleep, may impair oocyte quantity and its potential to mature or be fertilized. Long nocturnal sleep might reduce the chance of clinical pregnancy among infertile females, especially women younger than 30 years old. Prolonged nocturnal sleep duration may be a potential beneficial behavior for improving IVF/ICSI outcomes for women aged over 30 years and women with poor subjective sleep quality, which requires further investigation. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81771654) and the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFC1004201). There are no conflicts of interest to declare. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(22): e202202698, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293120

RESUMO

High ion selectivity and permeability, as two contradictory aspects for the membrane design, highly hamper the development of osmotic energy harvesting technologies. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with ultra-small and high-density pores and functional surface groups show great promise in tackling these problems. Here, we propose a facile and mild cathodic deposition method to directly prepare crack-free porphyrin MOF membranes on a porous anodic aluminum oxide for osmotic energy harvesting. The abundant carboxyl groups of the functionalized porphyrin ligands together with the nanoporous structure endows the MOF membrane with high cation selectivity and ion permeability, thus a large output power density of 6.26 W m-2 is achieved. The photoactive porphyrin ligands further lead to an improvement of the power density to 7.74 W m-2 upon light irradiation. This work provides a promising strategy for the design of high-performance osmotic energy harvesting systems.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 773301, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35223467

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility and safety of centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (CL-HCC) treated by narrow-margin resection combined with intraoperative electron radiotherapy (IOERT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From November 2009 to November 2016, 37 consecutive patients were treated with IOERT as adjuvant treatment during narrow-margin resection for CL-HCC. Long-term outcomes, adverse events for surgery, and acute and chronic toxicities were analyzed. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 57.82 months (range, 3.75-111.41 months). A total dose of 15 Gy (range 12 to 17Gy) (prescribed at the 90% isodose) was delivered with a 0.9cm (range 0.8-1.2 cm) median treatment depth targeting the narrow-margin. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS rates were 91.39%, 88.34% and 88.34%, respectively. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year DFS rates were 80.81%, 68.59% and 54.17%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, none of the treatment characteristics were predictive of overall survival. Fifteen (40.5%) patients suffered from a recurrence event. No patient had marginal recurrence. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year intrahepatic recurrence rates were 19.75%, 25.92% and 39.58%, respectively. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year extrahepatic recurrence rates were 2.7%, 5.95% and 9.87%, respectively. There was no 30-day surgical-related death. Three patients had grade 4, and 28 patients had grade 3 alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and seven patients had grade 4, and 30 patients had grade 3 aspartate transaminase (AST) levels. All of them returned to normal within four months. There was no acute radiation-induced liver injury during follow-up. There were no acute or chronic toxicities associated with IOERT. CONCLUSION: IOERT for narrow-margin CL-HCC may achieve good long-term survival outcomes, without significantly increasing acute and chronic toxicities. An IOERT dose of 15Gy may be the safest and most feasible. IOERT might be considered as an adjuvant therapy for CL-HCC patients with a narrow-margin.

15.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; : 1-9, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35132926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on average-risk individuals undergoing gastroscopy screening in China are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence of lesions found by gastroscopy and the association between sex, age, Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric premalignant lesions. METHODS: Gastroscopy results were analysed for 60,519 individuals enrolled from January 2013 to December 2019. RESULTS: The median age was 49.84 years (SD, 9.47 years) for women and 48.90 years (SD, 8.82 years) for men, and the ratio of females to males was 35.10% (n = 21,240) to 64.90% (n = 39,279). The most common lesions detected by endoscopy were chronic gastritis, reflux oesophagitis, duodenitis and gastric polyps, detected in 24.48%, 10.28%, 3.96% and 3.61%, respectively. Oesophageal cancer and gastric cancer were detected in 0.33% and 0.47% of patients, respectively. The prevalence of chronic gastritis increased with age and was higher in males than in females (26.47% [n = 10396] versus 20.80% [n = 4417], p < .001). The prevalence of gastric ulcers was highest in the elderly group, and the H. pylori infection rate of gastric ulcer patients was 47.28%. The prevalence of gastric polyps was higher in females than in males (5.47% [n = 1161] versus 2.61% [n = 1024], p < .001), and the H. pylori infection rate in inflammatory polyp patients was higher than that in fundic gland polyp patients (28.32% [n = 442] versus 7.29% [n = 29], p < .001). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic lesions is high in the asymptomatic population undergoing physical examination and is associated with sex, age, and H. pylori infection.

16.
Am J Transplant ; 2022 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114045

RESUMO

CCR5 KO kidney transplant (KTx) recipients are extraordinarily high alloantibody producers and develop pathology that mimics human antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). C57BL/6 and CCR5 KO mice (H-2b ) were transplanted with A/J kidneys (H-2a ); select cohorts received adoptive cell therapy (ACT) with alloprimed CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells (or control cells) on day 5 after KTx. ACT efficacy was evaluated by measuring posttransplant alloantibody, pathology, and allograft survival. Recipients were assessed for the quantity of CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells and CD8-mediated cytotoxicity to alloprimed IgG+ B cells. Alloantibody titer in CCR5 KO recipients was four-fold higher than in C57BL/6 recipients. The proportion of alloprimed CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells 7 days after KTx in peripheral blood, lymph node, and spleen was substantially lower in CCR5 KO compared to C57BL/6 recipients. In vivo cytotoxicity towards alloprimed IgG+ B cells was also reduced six-fold in CCR5 KO recipients. ACT with alloprimed CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells (but not alloprimed CXCR5- CD8+ or third-party primed CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells) substantially reduced alloantibody titer, ameliorated AMR pathology, and prolonged allograft survival. These results indicate that a deficiency in quantity and function of alloprimed CXCR5+ CD8+ T cells contributes to high alloantibody and AMR in CCR5 KO recipient mice, which can be rescued with ACT.

17.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 241: 113931, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114412

RESUMO

Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) have been shown to alter ovarian steroidogenesis and cause estrous cyclicity disturbance and prolongation in experimental studies, however human studies are lacking. We aimed to evaluate the cross-sectional associations between drinking water DBPs and menstrual cycle characteristics. A total of 1078 women attending an infertility clinic in Wuhan, China were included between December 2018 and January 2020. Characteristics of menstrual cycle were collected by questionnaires. Concentrations of dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were measured in urine as biomarkers of drinking water DBPs. Multivariate logistic and linear regression models were used to evaluate the associations between urinary DCAA and TCAA concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristics. Higher urinary DCAA concentrations were associated with increased odds ratios (ORs) of irregular menstrual cycle (OR = 1.80; 95% CI: 0.97, 3.33 for the highest vs. lowest quartile; P for trend = 0.05) and long menstrual cycle (OR = 1.62; 95% CI: 0.97, 2.70 for the highest vs. lowest quartile; P for trend = 0.06), as well as prolonged variation in cycle length (ß = 1.27 days; 95% CI: -0.11, 2.66 for the highest vs. lowest quartile; P for trend = 0.04). Higher urinary TCAA concentrations were associated with prolonged bleeding duration (ß = 0.23 days; 95% CI: -0.06, 0.51 for the highest vs. lowest quartile; P for trend = 0.07). These results suggest that exposure to drinking water DBPs is associated with menstrual cycle disturbances. These findings are warranted to confirm in other studies.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Água Potável , Estudos Transversais , Desinfecção/métodos , Feminino , Clínicas de Fertilização , Humanos , Ciclo Menstrual
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138543

RESUMO

In this study, the feasibility of Cr(VI) removal from synthetic groundwater by bio-permeable reactive barrier constructed from novel iron-based material (SiO2/nano-FeC2O4 composite, SNFC) and Sporosarcina saromensis W5 was investigated. According to breakthrough study, an enhanced Cr(VI) removal was found in Bio-SNFC column. The Cr(VI) removal performances of biotic column with 0.2 g biomass and 0.4 g biomass were 16.2 mg/g and 17.9 mg/g, respectively, which were 19.6% and 32.1% higher than that of abiotic column (13.5 mg/g). However, excessive biomass (0.9 g) would cause pore clogging and have a negative impact on the Cr(VI) removal performance of the biotic column, whose removal capability (29.1%) was lower than that of abiotic column. The introduction of proper microorganisms enhanced the utilization of iron and enabled a higher proportion of Fe(II) in biotic column, which provided more reactive sites for Cr(VI) removal. The solid phase characterization indicated the generation of Fe(III) oxide/hydroxide on SNFC surface. The removal of Cr(VI) in Bio-SNFC column was depended on reduction-precipitation, and the final products related to chromium were mainly Cr(OH)3 and Cr2O3. The present work provides a new and sustainable remediation technology for in situ bioremediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated groundwater.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(3)2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35163829

RESUMO

Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) in the brain is suggested to be an etiological factor of major depressive disorder (MDD). It has been assumed that stress-released ATP stimulates P2X7 receptors (Rs) at the microglia, thereby causing neuroinflammation; however, other central nervous system (CNS) cell types such as astrocytes also possess P2X7Rs. In order to elucidate the possible involvement of the MDD-relevant hippocampal astrocytes in the development of a depressive-like state, we used various behavioral tests (tail suspension test [TST], forced swim test [FST], restraint stress, inescapable foot shock, unpredictable chronic mild stress [UCMS]), as well as fluorescence immunohistochemistry, and patch-clamp electrophysiology in wild-type (WT) and genetically manipulated rodents. The TST and FST resulted in learned helplessness manifested as a prolongation of the immobility time, while inescapable foot shock caused lower sucrose consumption as a sign of anhedonia. We confirmed the participation of P2X7Rs in the development of the depressive-like behaviors in all forms of acute (TST, FST, foot shock) and chronic stress (UCMS) in the rodent models used. Further, pharmacological agonists and antagonists acted in a different manner in rats and mice due to their diverse potencies at the respective receptor orthologs. In hippocampal slices of mice and rats, only foot shock increased the current responses to locally applied dibenzoyl-ATP (Bz-ATP) in CA1 astrocytes; in contrast, TST and restraint depressed these responses. Following stressful stimuli, immunohistochemistry demonstrated an increased co-localization of P2X7Rs with a microglial marker, but no change in co-localization with an astroglial marker. Pharmacological damage to the microglia and astroglia has proven the significance of the microglia for mediating all types of depression-like behavioral reactions, while the astroglia participated only in reactions induced by strong stressors, such as foot shock. Because, in addition to acute stressors, their chronic counterparts induce a depressive-like state in rodents via P2X7R activation, we suggest that our data may have relevance for the etiology of MDD in humans.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Ratos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
20.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 57, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35168566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soybean-corn intercropping is widely practised by farmers in Southwest China. Although rhizosphere microorganisms are important in nutrient cycling processes, the differences in rhizosphere microbial communities between intercropped soybean and corn and their monoculture are poorly known. Additionally, the effects of cadmium (Cd) pollution on these differences have not been examined. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted in Cd-polluted soil to determine the effects of monocultures and soybean-corn intercropping systems on Cd concentrations in plants, on rhizosphere bacterial communities, soil nutrients and Cd availability. Plants and soils were examined five times in the growing season, and Illumina sequencing of 16S rRNA genes was used to analyze the rhizosphere bacterial communities. RESULTS: Intercropping did not alter Cd concentrations in corn and soybean, but changed soil available Cd (ACd) concentrations and caused different effects in the rhizosphere soils of the two crop species. However, there was little difference in bacterial community diversity for the same crop species under the two planting modes. Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were the dominant phyla in the soybean and corn rhizospheres. In ecological networks of bacterial communities, intercropping soybean (IS) had more module hubs and connectors, whereas intercropped corn (IC) had fewer module hubs and connectors than those of corresponding monoculture crops. Soil organic matter (SOM) was the key factor affecting soybean rhizosphere bacterial communities, whereas available nutrients (N, P, K) were the key factors affecting those in corn rhizosphere. During the cropping season, the concentration of soil available phosphorus (AP) in the intercropped soybean-corn was significantly higher than that in corresponding monocultures. In addition, the soil available potassium (AK) concentration was higher in intercropped soybean than that in monocropped soybean. CONCLUSIONS: Intercropped soybean-corn lead to an increase in the AP concentration during the growing season, and although crop absorption of Cd was not affected in the Cd-contaminated soil, soil ACd concentration was affected. Intercropped soybean-corn also affected the soil physicochemical properties and rhizosphere bacterial community structure. Thus, intercropped soybean-corn was a key factor in determining changes in microbial community composition and networks. These results provide a basic ecological framework for soil microbial function in Cd-contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Bactérias/genética , Cádmio/análise , Poluição Ambiental , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agricultura/métodos , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , China , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbiota/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo/química , Soja/microbiologia , Zea mays/microbiologia
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