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1.
J Food Sci ; 88(8): 3255-3273, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37421355

RESUMO

Due to the uncontrolled fermentation process and unstable quality of naturally fermented leaf mustard, inoculated fermentation is receiving more attention. Here, the physicochemical properties, volatile compounds, and microbial community in leaf mustard under natural fermentation (NF) and inoculated fermentation (IF) were analyzed and compared. The contents of total acid, crude fiber, and nitrite of leaf mustard were measured. Headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and orthogonal projection on latent structure-discriminant analysis were used to analyze the differences of volatile compounds in NF and IF leaf mustard. Moreover, Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology was employed to reveal the composition of microbiota. The results showed that the nitrite content in leaf mustard after IF (3.69 mg/kg) was significantly lower than that after NF (4.43 mg/kg). A total of 31 and 25 kinds of volatile components were identified in IF and NF, respectively. Among the detected compounds, 11 compounds caused the differences between IF and NF leaf mustard. The results of inter-group difference analysis showed that there were significant differences in fungal flora between IF and NF samples. Saccharomycetes, Kazachstania, and Ascomycota were the landmark microorganisms in IF leaf mustard and the landmark microorganisms in NF were Mortierellomycota, Sordariomycetes, and Eurotiomycetes. The abundance of probiotics (such as Lactobacillus) in IF leaf mustard (51.22%) was higher than that in NF (35.20%) and the abundance of harmful molds (such as Mortierella and Aspergillus) was opposite. Therefore, IF leaf mustard showed the potential to reduce the content of nitrite and harmful molds and increase the beneficial volatile compounds and probiotics. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Leaf mustard of inoculated fermentation (IF) showed better fermented characteristics than natural fermentation in terms of lower nitrite content, greater beneficial volatile substances, and better potential for increasing probiotics and reducing harmful molds. These results provided a theoretical basis for IF leaf mustard and contributed to the industrial production of fermented leaf mustard.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Mostardeira , Mostardeira/química , Fermentação , Nitritos/análise , Fungos , Folhas de Planta/química
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4831-4833,4834, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-605242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To prepare Idebenone solid dispersion,and to investigate its dissolution rate in vitro. METHODS:Us-ing Poloxamer 407(P407)as carrier,the influence of preparation methods(solvent method,melting method)and the ratio of the drug to P407(1∶1,1∶3,1∶8)on the dissolution of drug were investigated by single factor design. The state of idebenone in ma-trix of solid dispersion was further determined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). RESULTS:Idebenone solid dispersion prepared by solvent method(the ratio of the drug to poloxamer was 1∶3)showed dissolution rate of 80%. The majority of idebenone existed in the solid dispersion at amorphous forms or molecular state. CONCLU-SIONS:Idebenone solid dispersions with high dissolution rate in vitro is prepared successfully.

3.
J Food Sci Technol ; 50(5): 942-9, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24426001

RESUMO

Stachys floridana schuttl. E x benth, also named yinmiao, is a special and traditional Chinese vegetable that is usually used by some diabetes patients as a pharmaceutical plant for its high content of stachyose. Due to the lower cost and higher economic reward, Stachys floridana schuttl. Ex benth is a potentially new source to extract stachyose in the medicine and food industry. Here we optimized the extraction of stachyose from Stachys floridana schuttl. Ex benth by response surface methodology, the yeild can reach as high as up to 47.0% of stachyose at temperature of 60 °C, extraction time of 40 min, ethanol volume of 60% and ratio of solid-liquid at 1:10. Our primary result holds great promising for Stachys floridana schuttl. Ex bent extracting industry as well as diabetic medicine.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-557387

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of sulforaphane (SUL) on cell growth inhibition, cell cycle, apoptosis and its mechanism in different breast cancer cell lines. Methods: By means of MTT assay, flow cytometry and Western blotting, the effects of the SUL different concentrations on cell growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest, F3Ⅱapoptosis and expression of p34cdc2 and Cdc25C were studied. Results: (1) SUL had strong inhibition effects on the cell growth of tested mammary cancer cell lines, in which the sensitivity of ERP cell lines to SUL was stronger than that of ERN cell line. (2) SUL exhibited obviously G2/M cell cycle arrest to F3Ⅱ and two kinds of ERP cell lines at 5-10?mol/L, whereas no effect on the cell cycle of ERN cell line. (3)The mechanism of hindering transition of F3 Ⅱ cells from G2 phase to M phase was enhancing the phosphorylation of Cdc2, down-regulating the expression of Cdc25C, and inducing inhibition to thedephosphorylation of cyclin B1-Cdc2 complex. (4) No apoptosis was observed under tested conditions. Conclusion: Sulforaphane exhibited obvious differences in the inhibiting effects on the cell proliferation and cell cycle arrests of four different tested breast cancer cell lines, and did not induce apoptosis in F3Ⅱcell line under tested conditions. The mechanism of cell cycle arrest of F3Ⅱcell line appears to involve enhancing the phosphorylation of Cdc2, and down-regulating the expression of Cdc25C.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-556726

RESUMO

Objective: The effects of purple-fleshed sweet potato anthocyanin (PSA) on anti-oxidation and anti-aging were investigated. Methods: The effects of different doses of PSA(100、 500、1000 mg/kg bw)on the serum T-AOC were investigated in aged mice after administration for 3 d, 10 d and 18 d. The content of MDA, the activity of serum SOD and blood GSH-Px were measured, and compared with those in Vit E and control group after 30 d. Result: PSA significantly increased the serum T-AOC in aged mice, and this increment was higher when given longer. PSA significantly decreased MDA and enhanced SOD and GSH-Px activities. The efficiency on antioxidative capacity of aged mice at PSA 100 mg/kg bw was equivalent to that of vitamin E at the same amount (100 mg/kg bw). The antioxidation state of 13 mo mice given PSA at 1000 mg/kg bw was near to that of 4 mo mice. Conclusion: PSA has marked effect of antioxidation and can delay aging.

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