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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521073

RESUMO

Lattice thermal conductivity (LTC) is a key parameter for many technological applications. Based on the Peierls-Boltzmann transport equation (PBTE), many unique phonon transport properties of various materials were revealed. Accurate calculation of LTC with PBTE, however, is a time-consuming task, especially for compounds with a complex crystal structure or taking high-order phonon scattering into consideration. Graphical processing units (GPUs) have been extensively used to accelerate scientific simulations, making it possible to use a single desktop workstation for calculations that used to require supercomputers. Due to its fundamental differences from traditional processors, GPUs are especially suited for executing a large group of similar tasks with minimal communication, but require completely different algorithm design. In this paper, we provide a new algorithm optimized for GPUs, where a two-kernel method is used to avoid divergent branching. A new open-source code, GPU_PBTE, is developed based on the proposed algorithm. As demonstrations, we investigate the thermal transport properties of silicon and silicon carbide, and find that accurate and reliable LTC can be obtained by our software. GPU_PBTE performed on NVIDIA Tesla V100 can extensively improve double precision performance, making it two to three orders of magnitude faster than our CPU version performed on Intel Xeon CPU Gold 6248 @ 2.5 GHz. Our work also provides an idea of accelerating calculations with other novel hardware that may come out in the future.

2.
Epilepsia Open ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on the type or duration of the post-treatment EEG needed for assessing treatment response for infantile spasms (IS). We assessed if outpatient electroencephalograms (EEGs) are sufficient to confirm infantile spasms (IS) treatment response. METHODS: Three-year retrospective review identified new onset IS patients. Only presumed responder to IS treatment at 2-weeks with a prolonged (> 90 min) outpatient EEG to assess treatment response, and at least 3 mo follow-up were included. Hypsarrhythmia, electroclinical spasms, and sleep were evaluated for the first hour and for the duration of the EEG. RESULTS: We included 37 consecutive patients with new onset IS and presumed clinical response at 2-weeks post treatment. Follow-up outpatient prolonged EEGs (median:150 min, range:90-240 min) were obtained 14 days (IQR:13-17) after treatment initiation. EEGs detected ongoing IS in 11 of 37 (30%) of presumed early responders. Prolonged outpatient EEG had a sensitivity of 85% (confidence interval [CI] 55-98%) for detecting treatment failure. When hypsarrhythmia and/or electroclinical spasms were not seen, EEG had a negative predictive value 92% (CI:75-99%) for confirming continued IS resolution. Outpatient EEG combined with clinical assessment, however identified all treatment failures at two-weeks. Compared to the entire prolonged EEG, the first hour recording missed IS in 45% (5/11). While sleep was captured in 95% (35/37) of the full EEG recording, the first hour of recording captured sleep in only 54% (20/37). SIGNIFICANCE: IS treatment response can be confirmed with a clinical history of spasm freedom and an outpatient prolonged EEG without evidence for ongoing spasms (hypsarrhythmia/electroclinical spams on EEG). Outpatient prolonged EEG, but not routine EEGs, represent an alternative to inpatient long-term monitoring for IS post-treatment EEG follow-up.

3.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500549

RESUMO

Gadolinium is a paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) agent that accelerates the relaxation of metabolite nuclei. In this study, we noted the ability of gadolinium to improve the sensitivity of two-dimensional, non-uniform sampled NMR spectral data collected from metabolomics samples. In time-equivalent experiments, the addition of gadolinium increased the mean signal intensity measurement and the signal-to-noise ratio for metabolite resonances in both standard and plasma samples. Gadolinium led to highly linear intensity measurements that correlated with metabolite concentrations. In the presence of gadolinium, we were able to detect a broad array of metabolites with a lower limit of detection and quantification in the low micromolar range. We also observed an increase in the repeatability of intensity measurements upon the addition of gadolinium. The results of this study suggest that the addition of a gadolinium-based PRE agent to metabolite samples can improve NMR-based metabolomics.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(undefined)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518441

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy with high morbidity and mortality in females worldwide. Emerging evidence indicates that transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) plays vital roles in regulating cellular iron import. However, the distinct role of TfR1 in BC remains elusive. TfR1 expression was investigated using the TCGA, GEO, TIMER, UALCAN and Oncomine databases. The prognostic potential of TfR1 was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Moreover, Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) were used to explore the molecular mechanism of TfR1. The potential link between TfR1 expression and infiltrating abundances of immune cells was examined through the TIMER and CIBERSORT algorithm. The expression of TfR1 was dramatically upregulated in BC tissues. Increased TfR1 expression and decreased methylation levels of TfR1 were strongly correlated with multiple clinicopathological parameters. Elevated TfR1 expression was associated with a poor survival rate in BC patients. The nomogram model further confirmed that TfR1 could act as an independent prognostic biomarker in BC. The results of GO, KEGG and GSEA revealed that TfR1 was closely correlated with multiple signaling pathways and immune responses. Additionally, TfR1 was positively associated with the infiltration abundances of six major immune cells, including CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, B cells, neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells in BC. Interestingly, TfR1 influenced prognosis partially through immune infiltration. These comprehensive bioinformatics analyses suggest that TfR1 is a new independent prognostic biomarker and a potential target for immunotherapy in BC.

5.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613211038325, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510956

RESUMO

Parotid gland fistula after microtia reconstruction is relatively rare, with only 3 cases having been reported in the literature. It may be caused by the presence of an accessory parotid gland or surgical damage to parotid gland tissues. The principal treatment is dressing the wound. Here, we report the first case of parotid fistula after microtia reconstruction using a delayed retroauricular flap, which healed following wound dressing and an injection of botulinum toxin type A (CBTXA) into the parotid gland.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 843, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511597

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is a common pathological process that occurs with diverse etiologies in chronic kidney disease. However, its regulatory mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Ferroptosis is a form of non-apoptotic regulated cell death driven by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. It is currently unknown whether ferroptosis is initiated during unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal fibrosis and its role has not been determined. In this study, we demonstrated that ureteral obstruction induced ferroptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) in vivo. The ferroptosis inhibitor liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) reduced iron deposition, cell death, lipid peroxidation, and inhibited the downregulation of GPX4 expression induced by UUO, ultimately inhibiting ferroptosis in TECs. We found that Lip-1 significantly attenuated UUO-induced morphological and pathological changes and collagen deposition of renal fibrosis in mice. In addition, Lip-1 attenuated the expression of profibrotic factors in the UUO model. In vitro, we used RSL3 treatment and knocked down of GPX4 level by RNAi in HK2 cells to induce ferroptosis. Our results indicated HK2 cells secreted various profibrotic factors during ferroptosis. Lip-1 was able to inhibit ferroptosis and thereby inhibit the secretion of the profibrotic factors during the process. Incubation of kidney fibroblasts with culture medium from RSL3-induced HK2 cells promoted fibroblast proliferation and activation, whereas Lip-1 impeded the profibrotic effects. Our study found that Lip-1 may relieve renal fibrosis by inhibiting ferroptosis in TECs. Mechanistically, Lip-1 could reduce the activation of surrounding fibroblasts by inhibiting the paracrine of profibrotic factors in HK2 cells. Lip-1 may potentially be used as a therapeutic approach for the treatment of UUO-induced renal fibrosis.

7.
World J Surg ; 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482411

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the most effective and safest treatment mode for locally advanced resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma through a network meta-analysis. METHOD: A Bayesian model was used for a network meta-analysis comparing the efficacy and safety of surgery alone, neoadjuvant therapy, and adjuvant therapy. RESULTS: Thirty clinical studies, including thirty-one articles, 4866 patients, were analyzed. Overall survival rate: Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy were significantly advantageous over surgery alone [hazard ratio (HR) 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.57-0.93; HR 0.75, 95%CI 0.65-0.86]. There was no statistically significant difference between adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy [HR 0.97, 95%CI 0.75-1.28]. Disease-free survival rate: Compared with surgery alone, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy had significant benefits [HR 0.65, 95%CI 0.53-0.78]; adjuvant chemoradiotherapy had similar, but not significant benefits [HR 0.7, 0.95%CI 0.45-1.06]. The difference between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy was also not statistically significant [HR 0.94, 0.95%CI 0.61-1.43]. Surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy: The R0 resection rate was significantly improved [relative risk (RR) 0.25, 95%CI 0.07-0.86], but the overall postoperative morbidity rate and 30-day postoperative mortality rate tended to increase [RR 1.27, 95%CI 0.8-2.01; RR 1.59, 95%CI 0.7-3.22]. Neither neoadjuvant chemotherapy nor neoadjuvant radiotherapy significantly altered the surgical safety or R0 resection rate. CONCLUSION: Both neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy appear to be the best supplements to surgery for locally advanced resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

8.
Ann Oper Res ; : 1-25, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483425

RESUMO

The variation of and the interrelation between different energy markets significantly affect the competitiveness of various energy technologies, therefore complicate the decision-making problem for a complex energy system consisting of multiple competing technologies, especially in a long-term time frame. The interrelations between these markets have not been accounted for in the existing energy system modelling efforts, leading to a distortion of understanding of the market impact on the technological choices and operations in the real world. This study investigates the strategic and operational decision-making problem for such an energy system characterized by three competing technologies from crude oil, natural gas, and coal. A stochastic programming model is constructed by incorporating multiple volatile energy prices interrelated with each other. Oil price is modelled by the mean-reverting Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and serves as the exogenous variable in the ARIMAX models for natural gas and downstream plastic prices. The K-means clustering method is employed to extract a handful of distinctive patterns from a large number of simulated price projections to enhance the computing efficiency without losing retaining critical information and insights from the price co-movement. The model results suggest that the high volatility of the energy market weakens the possibility of selecting the corresponding technology. The oil-based route, for example, gradually loses its market share to the coal approach, attributed to a higher volatile oil market. The proposed method is applicable to other problems of the same kind with high-dimensional stochastic variables. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10479-021-04229-3.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 3766641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471637

RESUMO

Tooth bleaching is becoming increasingly popular among patients with tooth staining, but the safety of bleaching agents on tooth structure has been questioned. Primarily thriving on the biofilm formation on enamel surface, Streptococcus mutans has been recognized as a major cariogenic bacterial species. The present study is aimed at investigating how cold-light bleaching would change enamel roughness and adhesion of Streptococcus mutans. Human premolars were divided into 72 enamel slices and allocated into 3 groups: (1) control, (2) cold-light bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (Beyond™), and (3) 35% hydrogen peroxide (Beyond™) alone. Biofilms of Streptococcus mutans were cultivated on enamel slices in 5% CO2 (v/v) at 37°C for 1 day or 3 days. Enamel surfaces and biofilms were observed using scanning electron microscope (SEM). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was applied to quantify the roughness of enamel surface, and the amounts of biofilms were measured by optical density of scattered biofilm and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Cold-light bleaching significantly increased (p < 0.05) surface roughness of enamel compared to controls, but significantly inhibited (p < 0.05) adhesion of Streptococcus mutans on enamel in the bacterial cultures of both 1 day and 3 days. In conclusion, cold-light bleaching could roughen enamel surface but inhibit Streptococcus mutans adhesion at the preliminary stage after the bleaching treatment.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473631

RESUMO

Imbalanced classification tasks are widespread in many real-world applications. For such classification tasks, in comparison with the accuracy rate (AR), it is usually much more appropriate to use nondecomposable performance measures such as the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and the measure as the classification criterion since the label class is imbalanced. On the other hand, the minimax probability machine is a popular method for binary classification problems and aims at learning a linear classifier by maximizing the AR, which makes it unsuitable to deal with imbalanced classification tasks. The purpose of this article is to develop a new minimax probability machine for the measure, called minimax probability machine for the -measures (MPMF), which can be used to deal with imbalanced classification tasks. A brief discussion is also given on how to extend the MPMF model for several other nondecomposable performance measures listed in the article. To solve the MPMF model effectively, we derive its equivalent form which can then be solved by an alternating descent method to learn a linear classifier. Further, the kernel trick is employed to derive a nonlinear MPMF model to learn a nonlinear classifier. Several experiments on real-world benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our new model.

12.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480240

RESUMO

Epidermal mucus is an important barrier and regulating mediator in fish. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are proved to be involved in various biological processes, also as promising biomarkers for disease diagnosis. Vibrio harveyi has long been a noticeable bacterial pathogen in Cynoglossus semilaevis aquaculture. To find the evidence whether there are indicating miRNAs in mucus and whether the miRNAs are related to infections caused by V. harveyi, miRNA profiles of mucus from V. harveyi infected fish and healthy controls were screened by small RNA sequencing and verified by quantitative real-time PCR. This is the first report about miRNA profiling of flatfish mucus, aiming at illustrating the pathogenesis of V. harveyi caused infection and developing disease-related biomarkers. The results revealed significant differences in expression levels of some miRNAs between infected fish and healthy ones. Three hundred differentially expressed miRNAs were obtained after filtering through FC > 2 or FC < 0.5 and most of the differential miRNAs were downregulated. After verification through qRT-PCR, four unique miRNAs, dre-miR-451, dre-miR-184, dre-miR-205-5p > ssa-miR-205b-5p, and dre-miR-181a-5p > ssa-miR-181a-5p, were identified as V. harveyi infection-related signatures, consistent with sequencing trend. The expression levels of these four miRNAs in the infected fish were all significantly lower than controls. These miRNAs in mucus could be used to differentiate diseased and healthy fish in a non-invasive way with practical value for large-scale disease screening. They also provided new insights into the mechanism underlying the bacterial infections in fish.

13.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469322

RESUMO

Multivariate time-series (MTS) clustering is a fundamental technique in data mining with a wide range of real-world applications. To date, though some approaches have been developed, they suffer from various drawbacks, such as high computational cost or loss of information. Most existing approaches are single-view methods without considering the benefits of mutual-support multiple views. Moreover, due to its data structure, MTS data cannot be handled well by most multiview clustering methods. Toward this end, we propose a consistent and specific non-negative matrix factorization-based multiview clustering (CSMVC) method for MTS clustering. The proposed method constructs a multilayer graph to represent the original MTS data and generates multiple views with a subspace technique. The obtained multiview data are processed through a novel non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) method, which can explore the view-consistent and view-specific information simultaneously. Furthermore, an alternating optimization scheme is proposed to solve the corresponding optimization problem. We conduct extensive experiments on 13 benchmark datasets and the results demonstrate the superiority of our proposed method against other state-of-the-art algorithms under a wide range of evaluation metrics.

14.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) represents the most prevalent inherited progressive kidney disorder in humans. Due to complexity of the genetic network behind the disease, the molecular mechanisms of PKD are still poorly understood yet. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop a ciliogenesis-associated gene network for PKD patients and comprehensively understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the disease. METHOD: The potential hub genes were selected based on the differential expression analysis from the GEO database. Meanwhile, the primary hub genes were further elucidated by both in vivo and in vitro experiments. RESULTS: In this study, we established a comprehensive differentially expressed genes profile (including GNAS, PI4KB, UMOD, SLC7A13, and MIOX) for PKD patients compared with the control specimen. At the same time, enrichment analysis was utilized to demonstrate that the G-protein-related signaling and cilia assembling signaling pathways were closely associated with PKD development. The further investigations of the interaction between 2 genes (GNAS and PI4KB) with in vivo and in vitro analyses revealed that PI4KB functioned as a downstream factor for GNAS and spontaneously activated the phosphorylation of Akt into p-Akt for ciliogenesis in PKD formation. The PI4KB depletion mutant zebrafish model displayed a PKD phenotype as well as absence of primary cilia in the kidney. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our work discovered an innovative potential signaling pathway model for PKD formation, which provided a valuable insight for future study of the mechanism of this disease.

15.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473416

RESUMO

The evolution of seeds is a major reason why flowering plants are a dominant life form on Earth. The developing seed is composed of two fertilization products, the embryo and endosperm, which are surrounded by a maternally derived seed coat. Accumulating evidence indicates that efficient communication among all three seed components is required to ensure coordinated seed development. Cell communication within plant seeds has drawn much attention in recent years. In this study, we review current knowledge of cross-talk among the endosperm, embryo, and seed coat during seed development, and highlight recent advances in this field. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Life Sci ; : 119902, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a systemic chronic inflammatory skin disorder that was prone to recurrence. The RNA binding protein GNL3 has an important function in maintaining the proliferative ability of stem cells, and its overexpression leads to apoptosis. GNL3 is expressed in the epidermis, however, its regulatory mechanism in psoriasis vulgaris is still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify the role of GNL3 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RNA-seq was performed to obtain the data of genes' expression and splicing events in Hela cells after shGNL3 and shCtrl was transferred. High quality results of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and alternative splicing events (ASEs) were further attained by quality control and analysis. Through the functional enrichment analysis of DEGs and ASEs, the regulating effect of GNL3 was discussed, and the hypothesis was further confirmed in HaCat cells and psoriasis lesions. RESULTS: The mRNA expression of IL23A in Hela cells was upregulated in GNL3 knockdown, and the ratio of ASE occurred in TNFAIP3 was increased. However, in HaCaT cells, the mRNA expression level of IL23A was downregulated in GNL3 knockdown, and the ratio of ASE of TNFAIP3 was decreased. Additionally, the results obtained in HaCaT cells was further validated in the lesional psoriatic skin. CONCLUSION: GNL3 takes an important part in the development of psoriasis vulgaris by regulating the IL23/IL17 axis, which may serve as the basis of effective targeted treatment in future.

17.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490900

RESUMO

Plant root morphology is constantly reshaped in response to triggers from the soil environment. Such modifications in root system architecture involve changes in the abundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the apoplast and in cell wall (CW) composition. The hybrid proline-rich proteins (HyPRPs) gene family in higher plants is considered to be important in the regulation of CW structure. However, the functions of HyPRPs remain to be characterised. We therefore analysed the functions of OsR3L1 (Os04g0554500) in rice. qRT-PCR and GUS staining revealed that OsR3L1 is expressed in roots. While the r3l1 mutants had a defective root system with fewer adventitious roots (ARs) and lateral roots (LRs) than the wild type, lines overexpressing OsR3L1 (R3L1-OE) showed. more extensive LR formation but with a shorter root length. The expression of OsR3L1 was initiated by the OsMADS25 transcription factor. Moreover, the abundance of OsR3L1 transcripts was increased by NaCl. The R3L1-OE-3 line exhibited enhanced salt tolerance, whereas the r3l1-2 mutant showed greater salt sensitivity. The addition of H2 O2 increased the levels of OsR3L1 transcripts. Data are presented indicating that OsR3L1 modulates H2 O2 accumulation in the apoplast. We conclude that OsR3L1 regulates salt tolerance through regulation peroxidases and apoplastic H2 O2 metabolism. OsR3L1 (Os04g0554500), the root-specific expression HyPRP protein, regulates root system development and salt tolerance through regulation peroxidases and apoplastic H2 O2 metabolism. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150008, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482130

RESUMO

The intensifying globalization contributes to the anthropogenic methane (CH4) emissions outsourcing, a strong greenhouse gas and harmful air pollutant, through the increasingly complex global trade network. However, the CH4 flow patterns embodied in global traded goods and services have not been interpreted from the perspective of a complex network. In this paper, we integrate global CH4 emission inventory from the EDGAR (the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research) databases, global multi-regional input-output model from the GTAP database, and complex network analysis to reveal the structural characteristics of the global CH4 flow network (GCFN). In the GCFN, more than one quarter of the global anthropogenic CH4 emissions in 2014 are associated with international trade. The top 20 economies contribute to about 70% of the total embodied CH4 emission flows. The GCFNs mainly consist of tripartite patterns centered on China, the USA and Russia. Some emerging countries, such as Thailand and Brazil, also exhibit dominated positions in different kinds of GCFNs. Moreover, the core-periphery structure of the GCFN confirms the existence of a few hub economies associated with a large amount of CH4 emissions. The results emphasize the multinational cooperation on global CH4 emission mitigation, and well-focused mitigation policies should be implemented on some key economies.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127043, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479084

RESUMO

Bioremediation by phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) has attracted extensive attentions due to its economical and eco-friendly properties for lead (Pb) passivation in soil. Herein, bone char (BC) supported biochemical composite (CFB1-P) carrying advantages of BC, PSB, iron sulfide (FeS) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was designed and applied to Pb passivation. The composite at a mass ratio of BC:CMC:FeS = 1:1:1 possessed high passivation efficiency (65.47%), and has been demonstrated to offer appropriate habitat environment for PSB to defend against Pb(II) toxicity, thus enhancing the phosphate-solubilizing amount of PSB to 140.72 mg/L for passivating Pb(II). Batch experiments showed that the CFB1-P possessed excellent adsorption properties with maximal monolayer Pb(II) uptake of 452.99 mg/g during an extensive pH range of 2.0-6.0. Furthermore, by applying CFB1-P dosage of 3% into Pb-contaminated soil, the labile Pb fractions were reduced from 29.05% to 6.47% after simulated remediation of 10 days, and converted into steady fractions. The CFB1-P was demonstrated to achieve high Pb(II) passivation through combined functions of chemical precipitation, complexation, electrostatic attraction and biomineralization, accompanied by the formation of more stable crystal structures, for instance, Pb5(PO4)3OH, Pb3(PO4)2 and PbS. These results suggested CFB1-P as a potential alternative for efficient remediation of Pb-contaminated soil.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127101, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488094

RESUMO

In this study, a novel beta-cypermethrin (beta-cyp)-degrading strain Lactobacillus pentosus 3-27 (LP3-27) was screened from beta-cyp-contaminated silage. The strain could degrade 96% of beta-cyp (50 mg/L) in MSM medium after 4 d of culture, while the strain lost its degradation ability when the beta-cyp concentration reached 250 mg/L. The effects of LP 3-27 on fermentation, bacterial community, and bioremediation of contaminated alfalfa silage at two dry matter (DM) contents were studied. The results showed that inoculation with LP3-27 not only degraded beta-cyp, but also improved the fermentation quality of alfalfa silage after 60 d of ensiling. Meanwhile, L. pentosus dominated the bacterial community during ensiling in LP3-27 inoculated silages, whereas Pediococcus acidilactici was the dominant species in the control silage. LP3-27 inoculation also simplified the bacterial interaction networks of ensiled alfalfa. Beta-cyp degradation was positively correlated with L. pentosus in LP- inoculated silages, which confirmed the function of beta-cyp degradation by L. pentosus. In addition, higher beta-cyp degradation was observed in silage with 35% versus 43% DM. In summary, strain LP3-27 could be used as a candidate inoculum for bioremediation of beta-cyp-contaminated silage and to produce safe silage for animal production.

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