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1.
Nurs Open ; 11(4): e2144, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618718

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the relationship among emotional intelligence (EI), resilience and academic procrastination (AP), and provide suggestions for the development of targeted intervention strategies and lowering of AP level of nursing undergraduates. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Three provincial universities offering nursing courses in China were investigated in this study. A convenience sample of 256 nursing undergraduates from May 2021 to September 2021 were recruited, with a response rate of 91.4%. Data were collected using face-to-face interviews. The survey tools included the General Information Questionnaire, Academic Procrastination Scale, Emotional Intelligence Scale and Resilience Scale. IBM SPSS v19.0 and Amos 22.0 were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The AP of sampled nursing undergraduates was at the middle level (54.4 ± 21.5). The AP of nursing undergraduates was negatively correlated with EI and resilience. Moreover, the analysis on the mediating role of resilience via structural equation model showed a good fit, with χ2/df = 2.34, RMSEA = 0.07, CFI = 0.99, GFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.98. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No patient or public contribution.


Assuntos
Procrastinação , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inteligência Emocional
2.
Small ; : e2401834, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623962

RESUMO

Different facets in perovskite crystals exhibit distinct atomic arrangements, influencing their electronic, physical, and chemical properties. Perovskite films incorporating tin oxide (SnO2) as the electron transport layer face challenges in facet regulation. This study reveals that tea saponin (TS), a natural compound serves as a SnO2 modifier, facilitates optimal growth of perovskite crystals on the (111) facet. The modification promotes preferential crystal orientation through hydrogen bond and Lewis coordination. TS forms a chelate with SnO2, resulting in a smoother film and n-type doping, leading to improved carrier extraction and reduced defects. The TS-modified perovskite solar cells achieve a champion efficiency of 24.2%, leveraging from an obvious enhancement of open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 1.18 V and fill factor (FF) of 82.8%. The devices also demonstrate enhanced humidity tolerance and storage stability, ensuring improved stability without encapsulation.

3.
Small ; : e2402430, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623987

RESUMO

The electronic states of metal catalysts can be redistributed by the rectifying contact between metal and semiconductor e.g., N-doped carbon (NC), while the interfacial regulation degree is very limited. Herein, a deep electronic state regulation is achieved by constructing a novel double-heterojunctional Co/Co3O4@NC catalyst containing Co/Co3O4 and Co3O4/NC heterojunctions. When used for dilute electrochemical NO3 - reduction reaction (NO3RR), the as-prepared Co/Co3O4@NC exhibits an outstanding Faradaic efficiency for NH3 formation (FENH3) of 97.9%, -0.4 V versus RHE and significant NH3 yield of 303.5 mmol h-1 gcat -1 at -0.6 V at extremely low nitrate concentrations (100 ppm NO3 --N). Experimental and theoretical results reveal that the dual junctions of Co/Co3O4 and Co3O4/NC drive a unidirectional electron transfer from Co to NC (Co→Co3O4→NC), resulting in electron-deficient Co atoms. The electron-deficient Co promotes NO3 - adsorption, the rate-determining step (RDS) for NO3RR, facilitating the dilute NO3RR to NH3. The design strategy provides a novel reference for unidirectional multistage regulation of metal electronic states boosting electrochemical dilute NO3RR, which opens up an avenue for deep electronic state regulation of electrocatalyst breaking the limitation of the electronic regulation degree by rectifying contact.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610340

RESUMO

In this study, an internal fingerprint-guided epidermal thickness of fingertip skin is proposed for optical image encryption based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) combined with U-Net architecture of a convolutional neural network (CNN). The epidermal thickness of fingertip skin is calculated by the distance between the upper and lower boundaries of the epidermal layer in cross-sectional optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, which is segmented using CNN, and the internal fingerprint at the epidermis-dermis junction (DEJ) is extracted based on the maximum intensity projection (MIP) algorithm. The experimental results indicate that the internal fingerprint-guided epidermal thickness is insensitive to pressure due to normal correlation coefficients and the encryption process between epidermal thickness maps of fingertip skin under different pressures. In addition, the result of the numerical simulation demonstrates the feasibility and security of the encryption scheme by structural similarity index matrix (SSIM) analysis between the original image and the recovered image with the correct and error keys decryption, respectively. The robustness is analyzed based on the SSIM value in three aspects: different pressures, noise attacks, and data loss. Key randomness is valid by the gray histograms, and the average correlation coefficients of adjacent pixelated values in three directions and the average entropy were calculated. This study suggests that the epidermal thickness of fingertip skin could be seen as important biometric information for information encryption.


Assuntos
Epiderme , Dedos , Estudos Transversais , Epiderme/diagnóstico por imagem , Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Biometria
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610521

RESUMO

Most lower limb rehabilitation robots are limited to specific training postures to adapt to stroke patients in multiple stages of recovery. In addition, there is a lack of attention to the switching functions of the training side, including left, right, and bilateral, which enables patients with hemiplegia to rehabilitate with a single device. This article presents an exoskeleton robot named the multistage hemiplegic lower-limb rehabilitation robot, which has been designed to do rehabilitation in multiple training postures and training sides. The mechanism consisting of the thigh, calf, and foot is introduced. Additionally, the design of the multi-mode limit of the hip, knee, and ankle joints supports delivering therapy in any posture and training sides to aid patients with hemiplegia in all stages of recovery. The gait trajectory is planned by extracting the gait motion trajectory model collected by the motion capture device. In addition, a control system for the training module based on adaptive iterative learning has been simulated, and its high-precision tracking performance has been verified. The gait trajectory experiment is carried out, and the results verify that the trajectory tracking performance of the robot has good performance.


Assuntos
Hemiplegia , Robótica , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , , Marcha
6.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611227

RESUMO

The global production of plywood is constantly increasing as its application in the furniture and interior decoration industry becomes more widespread. An urgent issue is how to decrease the formaldehyde released from plywood, considering its carcinogenic effect on humans and harm to the environment. Reducing the free formaldehyde content of the urea formaldehyde (UF) adhesives used in the preparation process is considered an effective method. Therefore, it is necessary to identify a new type of formaldehyde scavengers. Here, the strongly reducing substance sodium borohydride was used to reduce and degrade the free formaldehyde in UF adhesives, and its effects on the properties of the UF adhesive and plywood were studied. When 0.7% sodium borohydride was added to the UF adhesive with a molar ratio of formaldehyde to urea of 1.4:1, the free formaldehyde content of the UF resin decreased to 0.21%, which is 53% lower than that of the untreated control. Moreover, the formaldehyde released from the plywood was reduced to 0.81 mg/L, ~45% lower than that from the group. The bonding strength of the treated samples could reach ~1.1 MPa, which was only reduced by ~4% compared to that of the control. This study of removing formaldehyde from UF adhesive by reduction could provide a new approach for suppressing formaldehyde release from the final products.

7.
EBioMedicine ; 103: 105098, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The widespread involvement of tumor-infiltrating B cells highlights their potential role in tumor behavior. However, B cell heterogeneity in PDAC remains unexplored. Studying TIL-Bs in PDAC aims to identify new treatment strategies. METHODS: We performed single-cell RNA sequencing to study the heterogeneity of B cells in PDAC. The prognostic and immunologic value of the identified CD38+ B cells was explored in FUSCC (n = 147) and TCGA (n = 176) cohorts. Flow cytometry was conducted to characterize the relationship between CD38+ B cells and other immune cells, as well as their phenotypic features. In vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to assess the putative effect of CD38+ B cells on antitumor immunity. FINDINGS: The presence of CD38+ B cells in PDAC was associated with unfavorable clinicopathological features and poorer overall survival (p < 0.001). Increased infiltration of CD38+ B cells was accompanied by reduced natural killer (NK) cells (p = 0.021) and increased regulatory T cells (p = 0.016). Molecular profiling revealed high expression of IL-10, IL-35, TGF-ß, GZMB, TIM-1, CD5 and CD21, confirming their putative regulatory B cell-like features. Co-culture experiments demonstrated suppression of NK cell cytotoxicity by CD38+ B cell-derived IL-10 (p < 0.001). Finally, in vivo experiments suggested adoptive transfer of CD38+ B cells reduced antitumor immunity and administration of a CD38 inhibitor hampered tumor growth (p < 0.001). INTERPRETATION: We discovered regulatory B cell-like CD38+ B cell infiltration as an independent prognostic factor in PDAC. The use of CD38 inhibitor may provide new possibilities for PDAC immunotherapy. FUNDING: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U21A20374), Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (21JC1401500), Scientific Innovation Project of Shanghai Education Committee (2019-01-07-00-07-E00057), Special Project for Clinical Research in the Health Industry of the Shanghai Health Commission (No. 20204Y0265) and Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (23ZR1479300).

8.
Mech Ageing Dev ; : 111935, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614143

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) are a promising stem cell sources for tissue engineering and cell-based therapy. However, long-term in vitro expansion of ADSCs impedes stemness maintenance, which is partly attributed to deprivation of their original microenvironment. Incompetent cells limit the therapeutic effects of ADSC-based clinical strategies. Therefore, reconstructing a more physiologically and physically relevant niche is an ideal strategy to address this issue and therefore facilitates the extensive application of ADSCs. Here, we transplanted separated ADSCs into local subcutaneous adipose tissues of nude mice as an in vivo cell culture model. We found that transplanted ADSCs maintained their primitive morphology and showed improved proliferation and delayed senescence compared to those of cells cultured in a incubator. Significantly increased expression of stemness-related markers and multilineage differentiation abilities were further observed in in vivo cultured ADSCs. Finally, sequencing revealed that genes whose expression differed between ADSCs obtained under in vivo and in vitro conditions were mainly located in the extracellular matrix and extracellular space and that these genes participate in regulating transcription and protein synthesis. Moreover, we found that an Egr1 signaling pathway might exert a crucial impact on controlling stemness properties. Our findings might collectively pave the way for ADSC-based applications.

9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3260, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627377

RESUMO

Notable-HCC (NCT05185531) is a phase 1b trial, aiming to evaluate the safety and preliminary effectiveness of neoadjuvant PD-1 blockade plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in early-stage resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Twenty patients with HCC of BCLC stage 0-A received 3 × Gy SBRT and two cycles of tislelizumab, an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody before the curative HCC resection. Primary endpoints were the surgery delay, radiographic and pathological tumor response after the neoadjuvant therapy, safety and tolerability. During the neoadjuvant therapy, treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) of grade 1-2 occurred in all 20 patients (100%), eight patients (40%) had grade 3 TRAEs, no grade 4 to 5 TRAE occurred, and all resolved without corticosteroids treatment. Per mRECIST, the objective response rate was 63.2% (12/19), with 3 complete response; the disease control rate was 100%. Two (10.5%) patients achieved complete pathological response. No surgery delay occurred. The neoadjuvant therapy did not increase the surgical difficulty or the incidence of complications. Secondary endpoints of disease-free survival and overall survival were not mature at the time of the analysis. Our pilot trial shows that neoadjuvant therapy with anti-PD-1 + SBRT is safe and promotes tumor responses in early-stage resectable HCC.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Radiocirurgia , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Adjuvantes Imunológicos
10.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 9(4): 517-521, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628907

RESUMO

Lycium qingshuiheense is a typical drought and salt-alkali-tolerant plant, which has been added to the new species of Lycium in recent years. Here, we first sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of L. qingshuiheense to investigate its evolutionary relationship within the family Solanaceae. Results suggested that the circular complete chloroplast genome of L. qingshuiheense was 154,945 bp in length, including a large single-copy (LSC) of 85,930 bp, a small single-copy (SSC) of 18,203 bp, and two inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,406 bp. The GC content accounts for 37.90% and annotated 131 genes, including 86 protein-coding genes, eight rRNA genes, and 37 tRNA genes. A neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree revealed that L. qingshuiheense was a sister species to L. ruthenicum. Our study provides a new insight into the systematic evolution of Lycium in the Solanaceae family.

11.
Environ Pollut ; : 123968, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631448

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid insecticides (NEOs) have gained widespread usage as the most prevalent class of insecticides globally and are frequently detected in the environment, posing potential risks to biodiversity and human health. Wastewater discharged from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a substantial source of environmental NEOs. However, research tracking NEO variations in different treatment units at the WWTPs after being treated by the treatment processes remains limited. Therefore, this study aimed to comprehensively investigate the fate of nine parent NEOs (p-NEOs) and five metabolites in two municipal WWTPs using distinct treatment processes. The mean concentrations of ∑NEOs in influent (effluent) for the UNITANK, anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A2/O), and cyclic activated sludge system (CASS) processes were 189 ng/L (195 ng/L), 173 ng/L (177 ng/L), and 123 ng/L (138 ng/L), respectively. Dinotefuran, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, and clothianidin were the most abundant p-NEOs in the WWTPs. Conventional wastewater treatment processes were ineffective in removing NEOs from wastewater (-4.91% to -12.1%), particularly major p-NEOs. Moreover, the behavior of the NEOs in various treatment units was investigated. The results showed that biodegradation and sludge adsorption were the primary mechanisms responsible for eliminating NEO. An anoxic or anaerobic treatment unit can improve the removal efficiency of NEOs during biological treatment. However, the terminal treatment unit (chlorination disinfection tank) did not facilitate the removal of most of the NEOs. The estimated total amount of NEOs released from WWTPs to receiving waters in the Pearl River of South China totaled approximately 6.90-42.6 g/d. These findings provide new insights into the efficiency of different treatment processes for removing NEOs in current wastewater treatment systems.

12.
Environ Microbiol Rep ; 16(2): e13250, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575119

RESUMO

The rhizosphere and phyllosphere of plants are home to a diverse range of microorganisms that play pivotal roles in ecosystem services. Consequently, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are extensively utilized as inoculants to enhance plant growth and boost productivity. Despite this, the interactions between the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, which are influenced by PGPB inoculation, have not been thoroughly studied to date. In this study, we inoculated Bacillus velezensis SQR9, a PGPB, into the bulk soil, rhizosphere or phyllosphere, and subsequently examined the bacterial communities in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere using amplicon sequencing. Our results revealed that PGPB inoculation increased its abundance in the corresponding compartment, and all treatments demonstrated plant growth promotion effects. Further analysis of the sequencing data indicated that the presence of PGPB exerted a more significant impact on bacterial communities in both the rhizosphere and phyllosphere than in the inoculation compartment. Notably, the PGPB stimulated similar rhizosphere-beneficial microbes regardless of the inoculation site. We, therefore, conclude that PGPB can promote plant growth both directly and indirectly through the interaction between the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, leading to the enrichment of beneficial microorganisms.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Ecossistema , Rizosfera , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
13.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3247, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622169

RESUMO

Photo-crosslinking polymerization stands as a fundamental pillar in the domains of chemistry, biology, and medicine. Yet, prevailing strategies heavily rely on ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) light to elicit in situ crosslinking. The inherent perils associated with UV radiation, namely the potential for DNA damage, coupled with the limited depth of tissue penetration exhibited by UV/Vis light, severely restrict the scope of photo-crosslinking within living organisms. Although near-infrared light has been explored as an external excitation source, enabling partial mitigation of these constraints, its penetration depth remains insufficient, particularly within bone tissues. In this study, we introduce an approach employing X-ray activation for deep-tissue hydrogel formation, surpassing all previous boundaries. Our approach harnesses a low-dose X-ray-activated persistent luminescent phosphor, triggering on demand in situ photo-crosslinking reactions and enabling the formation of hydrogels in male rats. A breakthrough of our method lies in its capability to penetrate deep even within thick bovine bone, demonstrating unmatched potential for bone penetration. By extending the reach of hydrogel formation within such formidable depths, our study represents an advancement in the field. This application of X-ray-activated polymerization enables precise and safe deep-tissue photo-crosslinking hydrogel formation, with profound implications for a multitude of disciplines.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Raios Ultravioleta , Masculino , Animais , Bovinos , Ratos , Hidrogéis/química , Raios X , Polimerização , Raios Infravermelhos
14.
Cancer Sci ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634426

RESUMO

Given that esophageal cancer is highly malignant, the discovery of novel prognostic markers is eagerly awaited. We performed serological identification of antigens by recombinant cDNA expression cloning (SEREX) and identified SKI proto-oncogene protein and transmembrane p24 trafficking protein 5 (TMED5) as antigens recognized by serum IgG antibodies in patients with esophageal carcinoma. SKI and TMED5 proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli, purified by affinity chromatography, and used as antigens. The serum anti-SKI antibody (s-SKI-Ab) and anti-TMED5 antibody (s-TMED5-Ab) levels were significantly higher in 192 patients with esophageal carcinoma than in 96 healthy donors. The presence of s-SKI-Abs and s-TMED5-Abs in the patients' sera was confirmed by western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the TMED5 protein was highly expressed in the cytoplasm and nuclear compartments of the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues, whereas the SKI protein was localized predominantly in the nuclei. Regarding the overall survival in 91 patients who underwent radical surgery, the s-SKI-Ab-positive and s-TMED5-Ab-negative statuses were significantly associated with a favorable prognosis. Additionally, the combination of s-SKI-Ab-positive and s-TMED5-Ab-negative cases showed an even clearer difference in overall survival as compared with that of s-SKI-Ab-negative and s-TMED5-Ab-positive cases. The s-SKI-Ab and s-TMED5-Ab biomarkers are useful for diagnosing esophageal carcinoma and distinguishing between favorable and poor prognoses.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(3)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591445

RESUMO

In this paper, the impact resistance of a cylindrical structure with a buffer ring and an energy-absorbing ring under double impact loads is studied. Based on ABAQUS 2023 finite element software, a simulation model of a buffer ring structure with three different sibs was established, and the specimens were subjected to double impact loading. The results show that the impact resistance of the structure decreases with the increase in curvature radius. The increase in the thickness of the panel can effectively reduce the deformation difference between the center point of the panel and the maximum displacement point. The buffer ring composed of cell structure with negative Poisson's ratio effect has better shock resistance under explosion load, while the buffer ring with hexagonal cellular structure has excellent kinetic energy shock resistance.

16.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1362096, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590334

RESUMO

Introduction: Prolonged exposure to noise environments can induce stress and fatigue, even impacting individuals' physical and mental health. Conversely, positive soundscapes can have a beneficial impact on health by alleviating stress and fatigue, promoting psychological recovery. To assess the restorative potential of soundscapes, various scales have been developed to create environments conducive to recovery. However, current research on perceptual restorativeness soundscape scales primarily focuses on adults, lacking a dedicated scale for children to evaluate the restorative potential of their surrounding acoustic environments from their perspective. Methods: Therefore, this study introduces the development and validation process of the Perceived Restorativeness of Soundscapes Scale for Children (PRSS-C) using survey questionnaires and data statistical analysis. Results: The study comprises two experiments. Experiment one aims to develop an effective PRSS-C, evaluating the restorative potential of soundscapes in different environments (urban center, urban suburb, and urban peripheral forest) among 185 children aged 10-12. Through a series of analyses, a dual-factor structure scale consisting of 15 items is developed, revealing that the restorative potential of soundscapes is lower in urban centers than in urban suburbs and lower in urban suburbs than in urban peripheral forests. Experiment two aims to further validate the effectiveness of PRSS-C. 244 children aged 10-12 assess the restorative potential of soundscapes in similar environments (two city parks) using the PRSS-C developed in experiment one. Factor analysis confirms the dual-factor structure, with assessment results indicating that the restorative potential of soundscapes in Temple of Heaven Park is lower than in the National Botanical Garden. This suggests that PRSS-C enables children to differentiate the restorative potential of soundscapes in similar environments within the same city, further confirming its effectiveness. Discussion: This study successfully develops and validates the PRSS-C through two experiments. The use of this scale allows for the assessment of the restorative potential of acoustic environments surrounding children, providing an effective tool for evaluating and creating positive soundscapes for children.

17.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1365138, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590662

RESUMO

Background: Multiple studies have confirmed the significant role of cathepsins in the development and progression of digestive system tumors. However, further investigation is needed to determine the causal relationships. Methods: We conducted a two-sample bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) study using pooled data from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to assess the causal associations between nine cathepsins (cathepsin B, E, F, G, H, L2, O, S, and Z) and six types of digestive system tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), pancreatic cancer (PCa), biliary tract cancer (BTC), colorectal cancer (CRC), gastric carcinoma (GC), and esophageal cancer (EC). We employed the following methods including inverse variance weighting (IVW), MR-Egger, weighted median (WM), Cochran's Q, MR-PRESSO, MR-Egger intercept test and leave-one-out sensitivity analysis. The STROBE-MR checklist for the reporting of MR studies was used in this study. Results: The risk of HCC increased with high levels of cathepsin G (IVW: p = 0.029, odds ratio (OR) = 1.369, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.033-1.814). Similarly, BTC was associated with elevated cathepsin B levels (IVW: p = 0.025, OR = 1.693, 95% CI = 1.070-2.681). Conversely, a reduction in PCa risk was associated with increased cathepsin H levels (IVW: p = 0.027, OR = 0.896, 95% CI = 0.812-0.988). Lastly, high levels of cathepsin L2 were found to lower the risk of CRC (IVW: p = 0.034, OR = 0.814, 95% CI = 0.674-0.985). Conclusion: Our findings confirm the causal relationship between cathepsins and digestive system tumors, which can offer valuable insights for the diagnosis and treatment of digestive system tumors.

18.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; : 1-7, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intramural hematoma of the small bowel is a rare yet acute gastrointestinal condition typically linked with impaired coagulation function, often posing diagnostic challenges. It is principally encountered in patients undergoing prolonged anticoagulant therapy, specifically warfarin. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a case of intramural hematoma associated with warfarin use. The patient was admitted to hospital with abdominal pain and had received anticoagulant therapy with warfarin 2.5 mg/day for 4 years. Laboratory examination showed decreased coagulation function, abdominal CT showed obvious thickening and swelling of part of the jejunal wall, and abdominal puncture found no gastroenteric fluid or purulent fluid. We treated the patient with vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. The patient was discharged after the recovery of coagulation function. Then we undertaook a comprehensive review of relevant case reports to extract shared clinical features and effective therapeutic strategies. CONCLUSION: Our analysis highlights that hematoma in the small intestinal wall caused by warfarin overdose often presents as sudden and intense abdominal pain, laboratory tests suggest reduced coagulation capacity, and imaging often shows thickening of the intestinal wall. Intravenous vitamin K and plasma supplementation are effective non-surgical strategies. Nevertheless, in instances of severe obstruction and unresponsive hemostasis, surgical resection of necrotic intestinal segments may be necessary. In the cases we reported, we avoided surgery by closely monitoring the coagulation function. Therefore, we suggest that identifying and correcting the impaired coagulation status of patient is essential for timely and appropriate treatment.

19.
Mater Today Bio ; 26: 101037, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586870

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a cardiovascular disease that seriously endangers human health. Low shear stress (LSS) is recognized as a vital factor in causing chronic inflammatory and further inducing the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Targeting imaging and treatment are of substantial significance for the diagnosis and therapy of atherosclerosis. On this ground, a kind of ultrasound (US) imaging-guided therapeutic polymer nanobubbles (NBs) with dual targeting of magnetism and antibody was rationally designed and constructed for the efficiently treating LSS-mediated atherosclerosis. Under the combined targeting effect of an external magnetic field and antibodies, the drug-loaded therapeutic NBs can be effectively accumulated in the inflammatory area caused by LSS. Upon US irradiation, the NBs can be selectively disrupted, leading to the rapid release of the loaded drugs at the targeted site. Notably, the US irradiation generates a cavitation effect that induces repairable micro gaps in nearby cells, thereby enhancing the uptake of released drugs and further improving the therapeutic effect. The prominent US imaging, efficient anti-inflammatory effect and treatment outcome of LSS-mediated atherosclerosis had been verified in vivo on a surgically constructed LSS-atherosclerosis animal model. This work showcased the potential of the designed NBs with multifunctionality for in vivo imaging, dual-targeting, and drug delivery in the treatment of atherosclerosis.

20.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240923, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584826

RESUMO

Introduction: Although the correlation between childhood obesity and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been explored, the causality of these remains uncertain. Thus, we conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to identify the causal association. Methods: Instrumental variables of childhood obesity were selected from genome-wide association study involving 61,111 Europeans. Besides, we collected summary statistics of different COVID-19 outcomes (susceptibility, hospitalization, and severity) from genome-wide association study including more than 2 million Europeans. The inverse-variance weighted was applied to assess the causality of childhood obesity with COVID-19. Furthermore, we replicated the above association based on another study. Results: Inverse-variance weighted results suggested that childhood obesity promoted the COVID-19 susceptibility but has not been validated in other approaches. For hospitalization and severity of COVID-19, we found that childhood obesity, respectively, increased 30 and 38% risk (P < 0.001), which were consistent in other MR approaches. Discussion: Our study provides evidence for a causal relationship between childhood BMI and COVID-19 which is consistent with previous studies. Though these explanations are biologically plausible, further studies are warranted to elucidate the role of these. Conclusions: Our study suggests the potential causal associations of childhood obesity with COVID-19, especially hospitalization and severity of COVID-19.

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