Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.588
Filtrar
1.
J Chem Phys ; 160(9)2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426515

RESUMO

Water ubiquitously exists with dissolved salt in both natural and engineered porous media, such as soil, rock, concrete, and tissue; therefore, its freezing temperature depression behavior is of particular interest to various scientific communities tackling with mechanics and physics of porous media. To date, it remains elusive which physical mechanism accounts for its freezing temperature depression and how dissolved ions affect it. Herein, a series of pore-scale experiments were designated to investigate the freezing temperature of salt solutions in tubes with varying pore diameters, pore solution volumes, solid-liquid interfacial areas, ion concentrations, and ion types. The results reveal two main findings: (i) the freezing temperature depression of pore solutions is governed by the heterogeneous ice nucleation (HIN) at the water-solid interface, as evidenced by the observation that the freezing temperature decreases with the decreasing solid-liquid interfacial areas, regardless of pore diameter and pore solution volume; (ii) the dissolved salts alter HIN processes via changing the osmotic potential across the ice embryo-liquid water interface, as indicated by the observation that the freezing temperature is mainly determined by the salt concentration irrespective of salt types. Furthermore, the classical nucleation theory model is adapted for the freezing behavior of pore solutions by including an osmotic potential term. The model shows excellent performance in capturing experimental data with various pore solution concentrations, further substantiating the HIN as the physical mechanism governing pore solution freezing.

2.
Cancer Med ; 13(3): e7014, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous of models have been developed to predict the bone metastasis (BM) risk; however, due to the variety of cancer types, it is difficult for clinicians to use these models efficiently. We aimed to perform the pan-cancer analysis to create the cancer classification system for BM, and construct the nomogram for predicting the BM risk. METHODS: Cancer patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2018 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis was performed to create the BM prevalence-based cancer classification system (BM-CCS). Multivariable logistic regression was applied to investigate the possible associated factors for BM and construct a nomogram for BM risk prediction. The patients diagnosed between 2017 and 2018 were selected for validating the performance of the BM-CCS and the nomogram, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 50 cancer types with 2,438,680 patients were included in the construction model. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis classified the 50 cancer types into three main phenotypes, namely, categories A, B, and C. The pooled BM prevalence in category A (17.7%; 95% CI: 17.5%-17.8%) was significantly higher than that in category B (5.0%; 95% CI: 4.5%-5.6%), and category C (1.2%; 95% CI: 1.1%-1.4%) (p < 0.001). Advanced age, male gender, race, poorly differentiated grade, higher T, N stage, and brain, lung, liver metastasis were significantly associated with BM risk, but the results were not consistent across all cancers. Based on these factors and BM-CCS, we constructed a nomogram for predicting the BM risk. The nomogram showed good calibration and discrimination ability (AUC in validation cohort = 88%,95% CI: 87.4%-88.5%; AUC in construction cohort = 86.9%,95% CI: 86.8%-87.1%). The decision curve analysis also demonstrated the clinical usefulness. CONCLUSION: The classification system and prediction nomogram may guide the cancer management and individualized BM screening, thus allocating the medical resources to cancer patients. Moreover, it may also have important implications for studying the etiology of BM.

3.
Psych J ; 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363640

RESUMO

Although individuals with higher trait awe (the tendency to experience awe) are known to be happier and more prosocial, there is limited understanding of the mechanisms underlying these complex relationships. This study uses network analysis to explore dimension-level relationships between trait awe, meaning in life, subjective well-being (SWB), and prosocial tendency in a joint network and to explore the bridging role of meaning in life in the network. A total of 538 adults (53.2% females; Mage = 19.86 ± 1.51) completed the survey. The network revealed unique and intricate connections between the dimensions of trait awe, meaning in life (i.e., the presence of and the search for meaning, abbreviated as POM and SFM), subjective happiness and life satisfaction (SWB), and prosocial tendency (i.e., willingness to donate money and volunteer time). Trait awe exhibited direct links to subjective happiness, life satisfaction, and prosocial tendency to donate money. Moreover, through POM and SFM, trait awe also exhibited indirect links to each dimension of SWB and prosocial tendency. Within the global network, POM was further identified as acting as a bridge node with the highest bridge strength and closeness, indicating that POM could efficiently transmit influences within the entire network. These findings highlight the distinct contributions of meaning in life to understanding the relationships between trait awe, SWB, and prosocial tendency, and provide valuable insights for improving SWB and fostering prosocial tendencies.

4.
Small ; : e2310952, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377230

RESUMO

Salt scaling poses a significant obstacle to the practical implementation of solar-driven evaporation for desalination. Attempts to mitigate scaling by enhancing mass transfer often lead to a compromise in evaporation efficiency due to associated heat loss. In the present work, a novel seesaw evaporator with a Janus structure to harness scaling for periodic self-descaling is reported. The seesaw evaporators are facilely fabricated by delignifying balsa wood and subsequently single-sided spray-coating it with soot and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). This unique Janus structure enables the evaporator to float on the brine while ensuring an ample supply of solution for evaporation. During evaporation, salt ions are transported directionally toward the cocked end of the evaporator to form scaling, triggering the seesaw evaporator to flip once a threshold is reached. The accumulated salts re-dissolve back into the solution. By adjusting the tilt angle, the evaporator can achieve an impressive evaporation rate of up to 2.65 kg m-2  h-1 when evaporating an 8 wt.% NaCl solution. Remarkably, these evaporators maintain a stable evaporation rate during prolonged 120 h operation and produce ≈3.93-6.35 L m⁻2 ·day⁻¹ of freshwater from simulated brines when assembled into an evaporation device.

5.
Small ; : e2310092, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377281

RESUMO

Supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs), owing to their capacities in harnessing physicochemical properties of ionic liquid for exceptional CO2 solubility, have emerged as a promising platform for CO2 extraction. Despite great achievements, existing SILMs suffer from poor structural and performance stability under high-pressure or long-term operations, significantly limiting their applications. Herein, a one-step and in situ interfacial polymerization strategy is proposed to elaborate a thin, mechanically-robust, and highly-permeable polyamide armor on the SILMs to effectively protect ionic liquid within porous supports, allowing for intensifying the overall stability of SILMs without compromising CO2 separation performance. The armored SILMs have a profound increase of breakthrough pressure by 105% compared to conventional counterparts without armor, and display high and stable operating pressure exceeding that of most SILMs previously reported. It is further demonstrated that the armored SILMs exhibit ultrahigh ideal CO2 /N2 selectivity of about 200 and excellent CO2 permeation of 78 barrers upon over 150 h operation, as opposed to the full failure of CO2 separation performance within 36 h using conventional SILMs. The design concept of armor provides a flexible and additional dimension in developing high-performance and durable SILMs, pushing the practical application of ionic liquids in separation processes.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2309050, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380554

RESUMO

Distributed micro-energy harvesting devices offer the flexibility, sustainability, and multi-scenario applicability that will be critical to wearable electronic products in the Internet of Things. The radiofrequency and triboelectric (RF-TE) hybrid energy harvester (HEH) concept and prototype is presented for the first time, to simultaneously capture the energy from ambient electromagnetic waves and biological motions. The proposed hybrid energy harvesting system consists of a wearable rectenna, a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), and a power management circuit (PMC). Among them, the all-fabric rectenna exhibits good impedance matching characteristics in the ISM frequency. The flexible TENG unit can generate a maximum power density of 0.024 µW cm-2 . The designed multifunctional fabric-based PMC can considerably enhance the controllability of harvested hybrid energy. Additionally, a normalizable fabric circuit board quasi surface mount technology (FCB-SMT) is proposed to integrate all modules on the same fabric substrate in one step, making the entire system superior mechanical robustness. The proposed wearable fabric-based RF-TE hybrid energy harvester is capable of successfully driving consumer electronics (such as sensors, watches, etc.). It provides a new energy solution strategy for self-powered wearable electronic devices and is anticipated to encourage the efficient utilization of renewable energy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385172

RESUMO

Actively controlling surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) performance plays a vital role in highly sensitive detection or in situ monitoring. Nevertheless, it is still challenging to achieve further modulation of electromagnetic enhancement and chemical enhancement simultaneously in SERS detection. In this study, a silver nanocavity structure with graphene as a spacer layer is coupled with thermoelectric semiconductor P-type gallium nitride (GaN) to form an electric-field-induced SERS (E-SERS) for dual enhancement. After applying the electric field, the intensity of SERS signals is further enhanced by over 10 times. The thermoelectric field enables fast and reproducible doping of graphene, thereby modulating its Fermi level over a wide range. The thermoelectric field also regulates the position of the plasmon resonance peak of the silver nanocavity structure, rendering synchronous dual electromagnetic and chemical regulation. Additionally, the method enables the trace detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). A detailed theoretical analysis is performed based on the experimental results and finite-element calculations, paving the way for the fabrication of high-efficient E-SERS substrates.

8.
J Cancer ; 15(6): 1613-1623, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370383

RESUMO

Comprehensive analysis of mortality and causes of death (COD) in cancers was of importance to conduct intervention strategies. The current study aimed to investigate the mortality rate and COD among cancers, and to explore the disparities between age. Initially, cancer patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2019 from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database were extracted. Then, frequencies and percentage of deaths, and mortality rate in different age groups were calculated. Meanwhile, age distribution of different COD across tumor types was illustrated while the standardized mortality ratios (SMR) stratified by age were calculated and visualized. A total of 2,670,403 death records were included and digestive system cancer (688,953 death cases) was the most common primary cancer type. The mortality rate increased by 5.6% annually in total death, 4.0% in cancer-specific death and 10.9% in non-cancer cause. As for cancer-specific death, the age distribution varied among different primary tumor types due to prone age and prognosis of cancer. The top five non-cancer causes in patients older than 50 were cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, other causes, COPD and associated conditions, diabetes as well as Alzheimer. The SMRs of these causes were higher among younger patients and gradually dropped in older age groups. Mortality and COD of cancer patients were heterogeneous in age group due to primary tumor types, prone age and prognosis of cancer. Our study conducted that non-cancer COD was a critical part in clinical practice as well as cancer-specific death. Individualized treatment and clinical intervention should be made after fully considering of the risk factor for death in different diagnosis ages and tumor types.

9.
Cytotechnology ; 76(1): 97-111, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304623

RESUMO

Blocking the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis can alter the biological functions of leukaemia cells. We hypothesise that interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-6 play an important role in this process. To test this hypothesis, we established a co-culture model of leukaemia cells and bone marrow stromal cells. Treatment of cells with AMD3100, a CXCR4 antagonist, and G-CSF blocked the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, inducing biological changes in the leukaemia cells and altering IL-8 and IL-6 levels. Subsequently, after stimulating the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, specific pathway blockers were employed to assess the role of four candidate signalling pathways in this process. ELISA results confirmed that MG-132 (10 µm) inhibits IL-8 expression and that the NF-κB signalling pathway contributes to this effect. Moreover, treatment with Perifosine, an AKT inhibitor, inhibited IL-6 expression. In addition, changes in the NF-κB signalling pathway inhibited IL-8 expression. Treatment with SP600125, a Jun N-terminal kinase inhibitor, and Perifosine also inhibited IL-8 expression; however, this effect occurred later. IL-6 expression was also lower in the Perifosine group; hence, inhibiting the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway can reduce IL-6 expression. This process requires the participation of multiple signalling pathways to regulate IL-8 and IL-6 expression. Therefore, the associated mechanism is likely to be highly intricate, with potential cross-effects that may impact leukaemia pathogenesis. IL-6 and IL-8 are physiologically regulated by the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, while the NF-κB and JNK/AP-1 pathways are required for IL-8 expression in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Accordingly, by upregulating IL-8, the bone marrow microenvironment and CXCL12/CXCR4 axis may contribute to T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia pathogenesis.

10.
Genes Genomics ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans) is an ornamental evergreen tree species in China, whose flowers are sensitive to ethylene. The synthesis of ethylene is controlled by key enzymes and restriction enzymes, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase (ACO), which are encoded by multigene families. However, the key synthase responsible for ethylene regulation in O. fragrans is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to screen the key ethylene synthase genes of sweet osmanthus flowers in response to ethylene regulation. METHODS: In this study, we used the ACO and ACS sequences of Arabidopsis thaliana to search for homologous genes in the O. fragrans petal transcriptome database. These genes were also analyzed bioinformatically. Finally, the expression levels of O. fragrans were compared before and after senescence, as well as after ethephon and silver nitrate treatments. RESULTS: The results showed that there are five ACO genes and one ACS gene in O. fragrans transcriptome database, and the phylogenetic tree revealed that the proteins encoded by these genes had high homology to the ACS and ACO proteins in plants. Sequence alignment shows that the OfACO1-5 proteins have the 2OG-Fe(II) oxygenase domain, while OfACS1 contains seven conserved domains, as well as conserved amino acids in transaminases and glutamate residues related to substrate specificity. Expression analysis revealed that the expression levels of OfACS1 and OfACO1-5 were significantly higher at the early senescence stage compared to the full flowering stage. The transcripts of the OfACS1, OfACO2, and OfACO5 genes were upregulated by treatment with ethephon. However, out of these three genes, only OfACO2 was significantly downregulated by treatment with AgNO3. CONCLUSION: Our study found that OfACO2 is an important synthase gene in response to ethylene regulation in sweet osmanthus, which would provide valuable data for further investigation into the mechanisms of ethylene-induced senescence in sweet osmanthus flowers.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 6948-6957, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305160

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic hydrogenation (ECH) approaches under ambient temperature and pressure offer significant potential advantages over thermal hydrogenation processes but require highly active and efficient hydrogenation electrocatalysts. The performance of such hydrogenation electrocatalysts strongly depends not only on the active phase but also on the architecture and surface chemistry of the support material. Herein, Pd nanoparticles supported on a nickel metal-organic framework (MOF), Ni-MOF-74, are prepared, and their activity toward the ECH of benzaldehyde (BZH) in a 3 M acetate (pH 5.2) aqueous electrolyte is explored. An outstanding ECH rate up to 283 µmol cm-2 h-1 with a Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 76% is reached. Besides, higher FEs of up to 96% are achieved using a step-function voltage. Materials Studio and density functional theory calculations show these outstanding performances to be associated with the Ni-MOF support that promotes H-bond formation, facilitates water desorption, and induces favorable tilted BZH adsorption on the surface of the Pd nanoparticles. In this configuration, BZH is bonded to the Pd surface by the carbonyl group rather than through the aromatic ring, thus reducing the energy barriers of the elemental reaction steps and increasing the overall reaction efficiency.

12.
Anal Methods ; 16(8): 1185-1195, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305686

RESUMO

Silk is a symbol of ancient Chinese civilization that has made an indelible contribution to the development of world civilization. However, because ancient artifacts are often contaminated or degraded, it is difficult to detect the presence of silk therein, and the true origin of silk thus remains a mystery. Therefore, this work presents a flexible pressure immunosensor that was designed based on 3D polypyrrole (PPy) foams for the trace detection of silk fibroin at archaeological sites. Initially, silk fibroin (SF) was conjugated with antibody-functionalized copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) and carboxylated magnetic beads (MBs) to form a sandwich immune complex. Then, the sandwich immune complex was added to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by magnetic separation to catalyse the generation of oxygen (O2), which converted the antigen-antibody specific recognition signal to gas pressure. As the pressure within the device increases, the 3D PPy foam, as the sensing layer resistance was 150 Ω, undergoes extrusion and deformation. This deformation leads to alterations in the foam resistance. The flexible pressure immunosensor can sensitively monitor the change in electrical resistance in the system and quantitatively detect silk fibroin. With optimization, the flexible pressure immunosensor demonstrates a dynamic range of operation spanning from 10 ng mL-1 to 100 µg mL-1, exhibiting a remarkable detection limit of 10.58 ng mL-1 specifically for silk fibroin. Notably, this immunosensor surpasses enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in terms of superior reproducibility, specificity, and accuracy. Therefore, this application provides a new method and technical support for silk detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Fibroínas , Fibroínas/análise , Polímeros , Imunoensaio/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pirróis , Seda
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 267: 116168, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310686

RESUMO

In eukaryotic cells, the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a crucial role in selectively breaking down specific proteins. The ability of the UPS to target proteins effectively and expedite their removal has significantly contributed to the evolution of UPS-based targeted protein degradation (TPD) strategies. In particular, proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) are an immensely promising tool due to their high efficiency, extensive target range, and negligible drug resistance. This breakthrough has overcome the limitations posed by traditionally "non-druggable" proteins. However, their high molecular weight and constrained solubility impede the delivery of PROTACs. Fortunately, the field of nanomedicine has experienced significant growth, enabling the delivery of PROTACs through nanoscale drug-delivery systems, which effectively improves the stability, solubility, drug distribution, tissue-specific accumulation, and stimulus-responsive release of PROTACs. This article reviews the mechanism of action attributed to PROTACs and their potential implications for clinical applications. Moreover, we present strategies involving nanoplatforms for the effective delivery of PROTACs and evaluate recent advances in targeting nanoplatforms to the UPS. Ultimately, an assessment is conducted to determine the feasibility of utilizing PROTACs and nanoplatforms for UPS-based TPD. The primary aim of this review is to provide innovative, reliable solutions to overcome the current challenges obstructing the effective use of PROTACs in the management of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and metabolic syndrome. Therefore, this is a promising technology for improving the treatment status of major diseases.


Assuntos
Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Ubiquitina , Proteólise , Citoplasma , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 272: 116060, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310825

RESUMO

The occurrence of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is closely related to meteorological factors. However, location-specific characteristics, such as persistent air pollution, may increase the complexity of the impact of meteorological factors on HFMD, and studies across different areas and populations are largely lacking. In this study, a two-stage multisite time-series analysis was conducted using data from 16 cities in Shandong Province from 2015 to 2019. In the first stage, we obtained the cumulative exposure-response curves of meteorological factors and the number of HFMD cases for each city. In the second stage, we merged the estimations from the first stage and included city-specific air pollution variables to identify significant effect modifiers and how they modified the short-term relationship between HFMD and meteorological factors. High concentrations of air pollutants may reduce the risk effects of high average temperature on HFMD and lead to a distinct peak in the cumulative exposure-response curve, while lower concentrations may increase the risk effects of high relative humidity. Furthermore, the effects of average wind speed on HFMD were different at different levels of air pollution. The differences in modification effects between subgroups were mainly manifested in the diversity and quantity of significant modifiers. The modification effects of long-term air pollution levels on the relationship between sunshine hours and HFMD may vary significantly depending on geographical location. The people in age<3 and male groups were more susceptible to long-term air pollution. These findings contribute to a deepening understanding of the relationship between meteorological factors and HFMD and provide evidence for relevant public health decision-making.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Dinâmica não Linear , Incidência , Temperatura , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Conceitos Meteorológicos
15.
Infant Child Dev ; 33(1)2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389732

RESUMO

Developmental scientists have adopted numerous biomarkers in their research to better understand the biological underpinnings of development, environmental exposures, and variation in long-term health. Yet, adoption patterns merit investigation given the substantial resources used to collect, analyse, and train to use biomarkers in research with infants and children. We document trends in use of 90 biomarkers between 2000 and 2020 from approximately 430,000 publications indexed by the Web of Science. We provide a tool for researchers to examine each of these biomarkers individually using a data-driven approach to estimate the biomarker growth trajectory based on yearly publication number, publication growth rate, number of author affiliations, National Institutes of Health dedicated funding resources, journal impact factor, and years since the first publication. Results indicate that most biomarkers fit a "learning curve" trajectory (i.e., experience rapid growth followed by a plateau), though a small subset decline in use over time.

16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 268: 116234, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401189

RESUMO

Increasing disease-related proteins have been identified as novel therapeutic targets. Macrocycles are emerging as potential solutions, bridging the gap between conventional small molecules and biomacromolecules in drug discovery. Inspired by successful macrocyclic drugs of natural origins, macrocycles are attracting more attention for enhanced binding affinity and target selectivity. Due to the conformation constraint and structure preorganization, macrocycles can reach bioactive conformations more easily than parent acyclic compounds. Also, rational macrocyclization combined with sequent structural modification will help improve oral bioavailability and combat drug resistance. This review introduces various strategies to enhance membrane permeability in macrocyclization and subsequent modification, such as N-methylation, intramolecular hydrogen bonding modulation, isomerization, and reversible bicyclization. Several case studies highlight macrocyclic inhibitors targeting kinases, HDAC, and protein-protein interactions. Finally, some macrocyclic agents targeting tumor microenvironments are illustrated.

18.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 633, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermatitis caused by insects and mites, diagnosed as papular urticaria or scabies, is a common skin disease. However, there is still a lack of studies about the effects of weather and air pollution on outpatient visits for this disease. This study aims to explore the impacts of meteorological and environmental factors on daily visits of dermatitis outpatients. METHODS: Analyses are conducted on a total of 43,101 outpatient visiting records during the years 2015-2020 from the largest dermatology specialist hospital in Guangzhou, China. Hierarchical cluster models based on Pearson correlation between risk factors are utilized to select regression variables. Linear regression models are fitted to identify the statistically significant associations between the risk factors and daily visits, taking into account the short-term effects of temperatures. Permutation importance is adopted to evaluate the predictive ability of these factors. RESULTS: Short-term temperatures have positive associations with daily visits and exhibit strong predictive abilities. In terms of total outpatients, the one-day lagged temperature not only has a significant impact on daily visits, but also has the highest median value of permutation importance. This conclusion is robust across most subgroups except for subgroups of summer and scabies, wherein the three-day lagged temperature has a negative effect. By contrast, air pollution has insignificant associations with daily visits and exhibits weak predictive abilities. Moreover, weekdays, holidays and trends have significant impacts on daily visits, but with weak predictive abilities. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that short-term temperatures have positive associations with daily visits and exhibit strong predictive abilities. Nevertheless, air pollution has insignificant associations with daily visits and exhibits weak predictive abilities. The results of this study provide a reference for local authorities to formulate intervention measures and establish an environment-based disease early warning system.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Dermatite , Ácaros , Escabiose , Humanos , Animais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Tempo (Meteorologia) , China/epidemiologia , Insetos , Material Particulado/análise
19.
Sci Total Environ ; : 171321, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423306

RESUMO

Carbonaceous particles play a crucial role in atmospheric radiative forcing. However, our understanding of the behavior and sources of carbonaceous particles in remote regions remains limited. The Tibetan Plateau (TP) is a typical remote region that receives long-range transport of carbonaceous particles from severely polluted areas such as South Asia. Based on carbon isotopic compositions (Δ14C/δ13C) of water-insoluble particulate carbon (IPC) in total suspended particle (TSP), PM2.5, and precipitation samples collected during 2020-22 at the Nam Co Station, a remote site in the inner TP, the following results were achieved: First, fossil fuel contributions (ffossil) to IPC in TSP samples (28.60 ±â€¯9.52 %) were higher than that of precipitation samples (23.11 ±â€¯8.60 %), and it is estimated that the scavenging ratio of IPC from non-fossil fuel sources was around 2 times that from fossil fuel combustion during the monsoon season. The ffossil of IPC in both TSP and PM2.5 samples peaked during the monsoon season. Because heavy precipitation during the monsoon season scavenges large amounts of long-range transported carbonaceous particles, the contribution of local emissions from the TP largely outweighs that from South Asia during this season. The results of the IPC source apportionment based on Δ14C and δ13C in PM2.5 samples showed that the highest contribution of liquid fossil fuel combustion also occurred in the monsoon season, reflecting increased human activities (e.g., tourism) on the TP during this period. The results of this study highlight the longer lifetime of fossil fuel-sourced IPC in the atmosphere than that of non-fossil fuel sources in the inner TP and the importance of local emissions from the TP during the monsoon season. The findings provide new knowledge for model improvement and mitigation of carbonaceous particles.

20.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 129, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424525

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to identify the risk factors that influence the mortality risk in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) within one year after discharge, and aimed to construct a predictive model for assessing mortality risk. METHODS: The study involved 320 adult patients obtained from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC) database. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify potential risk factors associated with mortality in AAD patients within one year after discharge and to develop a predictive model. The performance of the predictive model was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA). To further validate the findings, patient data from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University (157 patients) were analyzed. RESULTS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that gender, length of hospital stay, highest blood urea nitrogen (BUN_max), use of adrenaline, and use of amiodarone were significant risk factors for mortality within one year after discharge (p < 0.05). The constructed model exhibited a consistency index (C-index) and an area under the ROC curve of 0.738. The calibration curve and DCA demonstrated that these indicators had a good degree of agreement and utility. The external validation results of the model also indicated good predictability (AUC = 0.700, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The personalized scoring prediction model constructed by gender, length of hospital stays, BUN_max levels, as well as the use of adrenaline and amiodarone, can effectively identify AAD patients with high mortality risk within one year after discharge.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...