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1.
Front Psychol ; 13: 791291, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092086

RESUMO

Existing studies have found that childhood trauma is a risk predictor of cybervictimization, but few studies have explored the relationship between cumulative childhood trauma and college students' cybervictimization. This study explored the relationship and the roles of Internet addiction and Internet victimization between them. A total of 854 college students (568 females, M age = 18.92 years, SD = 0.86) completed a survey including the Short Form of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Cyberbullying Inventory, the Young's Internet Addiction Scale, and the revised Roommate Relationships Questionnaire. The results showed that: (1) cumulative childhood trauma was significantly positively associated with cybervictimization; (2) Internet addiction played a mediating role between cumulative childhood trauma and cybervictimization; and (3) roommate relationships played a moderating role between cumulative childhood trauma and cybervictimization, as well as Internet addiction and cybervictimization. The research findings provide a theoretical and practical basis for the prevention and intervention of college students' cybervictimization.

2.
Hepatology ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMFs), a dominant population of hepatic macrophages under inflammation, play a crucial role in liver fibrosis progression. Spleen serves as an extra monocyte reservoir in inflammatory conditions; however, the precise mechanisms of involvement of spleen in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis remain unclear. APPROACH & RESULTS: By splenectomy and splenocyte transfusion, it was observed that splenic CD11b+ cells accumulated intrahepatically as Ly6Clo MoMFs to exacerbate CCl4 -induced liver fibrosis. The splenocyte migration into the fibrotic liver was further directly visualized by spleen-specific photo-convertion with KikGR mice and confirmed by CD45.1+ /CD45.2+ spleen transplantation. Spleen-derived CD11b+ cells purified from fibrotic livers were then annotated by scRNA-seq and a subtype of CD11b+ CD43hi Ly6Clo splenic monocytes (sM-1s) was identified, which was markedly expanded in both spleens and livers of mice with liver fibrosis. sM-1s exhibited mature feature with high expressions of F4/80, produced much ROS, and manifested preferential migration into livers. Once recruited, sM-1s underwent sequential transformation to sM-2s (highly expressed Mif, Msr1, Clec4d, and Cstb), and then to sMφs with macrophage features of higher expressions of CX3 CR1, F4/80, MHC II and CD64 in the fibrotic hepatic milieu. Further, sM-2s and sMφs were demonstrated capable of activating hepatic stellate cells and thus exacerbating liver fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: CD11b+ CD43hi Ly6Clo splenic monocytes migrate into liver and shift to macrophages, which account for the exacerbation of liver fibrosis. These findings reveal precise mechanisms of spleen-liver axis in hepatic pathogeneisis, and shed light on the potential of sM-1 as candidate target for controlling liver diseases.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203557, 2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117048

RESUMO

Organoids have certain cellular composition and physiological features in common with real organs, making them promising models of organ formation, function, and diseases. However, Matrigel, the commonly used animal-derived matrices in which they are developed, has limitations in mechanical adjustability and providing complex physicochemical signals. Here, the incorporation of Ti3 C2 Tx MXene nanomaterial into Matrigel regulates the properties of Matrigel and exhibits satisfactory biocompatibility. The Ti3 C2 Tx MXene Matrigel composites (MXene-Matrigel) regulate the development of Cochlear Organoids (Cochlea-Orgs), particularly in promoting the formation and maturation of organoid hair cells. Additionally, regenerated hair cells in MXene-Matrigel are functional and exhibit better electrophysiological properties compared to hair cells in Matrigel. MXene-Matrigel potentiates the amycin (mTOR) signaling pathway to promote hair cell differentiation, and mTOR signaling inhibition restrains hair cell differentiation. Moreover, MXene-Matrigel facilitates innervation establishment between regenerated hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) growing from the Cochlea modiolus in a co-culture system, as well as promotes synapse formation efficiency. The approach overcomes some limitations of the Matrigel-dependent culture system and greatly accelerates the application of nanomaterials in organoid development and research on therapies for hearing loss.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: WHO Group I pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive, debilitating disease. Previous observational studies have demonstrated that pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) reduces pulmonary arterial pressures in PAH. However, the safety and effectiveness of PADN have not been established in a randomized trial. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the treatment effects of PADN in Group I PAH patients. METHODS: WHO Group I PAH patients not taking PAH-specific drugs for at least 30 days were enrolled in a multicenter, sham-controlled single-blind, randomized trial. Patients were assigned to receive PADN plus a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE-5i) or a sham procedure plus a PDE-5i. The primary endpoint was the between-group difference in the change in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) from baseline to 6 months. RESULTS: Among 128 randomized patients, those treated with PADN compared with sham had a greater improvement in 6MWD from baseline to 6 months (mean adjusted between-group difference 33.8 m, 95% CI, 16.7 to 50.9, p<0.001). From baseline to 6 months PVR was reduced by -3.0 ± 0.3 Wood units after PADN and -1.9 ± 0.3 Wood units after sham (adjusted difference -1.4, 95% CI -2.6 to -0.2). PADN also improved right ventricular function, reduced tricuspid regurgitation and decreased NT-proBNP. Clinical worsening was less (1.6% vs. 313.8%; OR 0.11 , 95% CI 0.01 to 0.87) and a satisfactory clinical response was greater (57.1% vs. 32.3%; OR 2.79 , 95% CI 1.37 to 5.82) with PADN treatment during 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with WHO Group I PAH, PADN improved exercise capacity, hemodynamics and clinical outcomes during 6-month follow-up. (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT03282266).

5.
Chemosphere ; : 136427, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122753

RESUMO

Pyrite and engineering carbon materials have received increasing attention for their catalytic potential in Fenton reactions due to their extensive sources and low cost. However, effects of carbon materials on the degradation of pollutants by pyrite-catalyzed heterogeneous Fenton oxidation have not been fully understood. In this study, the performance of pyrite-catalyzed heterogeneous Fenton system on the degradation of ciprofloxacin (CIP) was investigated in the presence of activated carbon (AC), biochar (BC), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Synchronous and asynchronous experiments (adsorption and catalysis) were conducted to elucidate the roles of the carbon materials in pyrite-catalyzed Fenton reactions. The results demonstrated that all the three carbon materials accelerated the pyrite-catalyzed Fenton oxidation of CIP. Under the experimental conditions, the reaction rates, which were obtained by fitting the synchronous experimental results with the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, of pyrite/AC, pyrite/BC and pyrite/CNTs with H2O2 for the removal of CIP were 8.28, 3.40 and 3.37 times faster than that of pyrite alone. Adsorption experiments and characterization analysis showed that AC had a higher adsorption capacity than BC and CNTs for CIP, which enabled it to distinguish itself in assisting the pyrite-catalyzed Fenton oxidation. In the presence of the carbon materials, the adsorption effect should not be neglected when studying the catalytic performance of pyrite. Free radical quenching experiments and electron spin-resonance spectroscopy (ESR) were used to detect and identify free radical species in the reactions. The results showed that hydroxyl radicals (•OH) contributed significantly to the degradation of CIP. The addition of carbon materials promoted the production of •OH, which favored the degradation of CIP. The results of this study suggested that the synergistic effect of oxidation and adsorption promoted the removal of CIP in pyrite/carbon materials/H2O2 systems, and coupling pyrite and carbon materials shows great potential in treating antibiotic wastewater.

6.
Exp Cell Res ; : 113359, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122770

RESUMO

The treatment of neuropathic pain (NP) has become an important subject to be studied and solved urgently in clinical practice. The role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in NP development is becoming clear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of lncRNA Miat in NP. In this study, chronic contractionary injury (CCI) mouse NP model was performed. Firstly, the effects of Miat on pain behavior in mice and the expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-inflammatory proteins in spinal cord tissue were explored by interfering with the expression of Miat. Then, Miat-targeted signaling pathway was predicted by bioinformatics and verified by dual luciferase reporter gene and RNA pull down. Finally, the mechanism of Miat was confirmed by the rescue experiments. Our results demonstrated that Miat knockdown alleviated paw withdrawal threshold, paw withdrawal latency, cold hyperalgesia frequency and neuroinflammation in CCI mice. MiR-362-3p was able to bind to Miat and BAMBI. Overall, Miat upregulated BAMBI by inhibiting miR-362-3p, thereby promoting the occurrence and development of NP. This study analyzed the possibility and effectiveness of targeting Miat for NP clinical treatment, in order to provide new ideas and technical methods for NP gene therapy.

7.
Sci Adv ; 8(37): eabp9882, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112678

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects millions of people each year. The overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a critical role in the progress of IBD and will be a potential therapeutic target. Here, we synthesize a kind of oral zero-valent-molybdenum nanodots (ZVMNs) for the treatment of IBD by scavenging ROS. These ultrasmall ZVMNs can successfully pass through the gastric acid and then be absorbed by the intestine. It has been verified that ZVMNs can down-regulate the quantity of ROS and reduce colitis in a mouse IBD model without distinct side effects. In addition, RNA sequencing reveals a further mechanism that the ZVMNs can protect colon tissues from oxidative stress by inhibiting the nuclear factor κB signaling pathway and reducing the production of excessive pro-inflammatory factors. Together, the ZVMNs will offer a promising alternative treatment option for patients suffering from IBD.


Assuntos
Colite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/etiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Molibdênio/farmacologia , Molibdênio/uso terapêutico , NF-kappa B , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
Mov Disord ; 37(9): 1807-1816, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease (PD) remain complex, which is especially problematic for nonmovement disorder experts. A test is required to establish a diagnosis of PD with improved accuracy and reproducibility. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of tests using sniffer dogs to diagnose PD. METHODS: A prospective, diagnostic case-control study was conducted in four tertiary medical centers in China to evaluate the accuracy of sniffer dogs to distinguish between 109 clinically established medicated patients with PD, 654 subjects without PD, 37 drug-naïve patients with PD, and 185 non-PD controls. The primary outcomes were sensitivity and specificity of sniffer dog's identification. RESULTS: In the study with patients who were medicated, when two or all three sniffer dogs yielded positive detection results in a sample tested, the index test sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios were 91% (95% CI: 84%-96%), 95% (95% CI: 93%-97%), and 19.16 (95% CI: 13.52-27.16) and 0.10 (95% CI: 0.05-0.17), respectively. The corresponding sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios in patients who were drug-naïve were 89% (95% CI: 75%-96%), 86% (95% CI: 81%-91%), and 6.6 (95% CI: 4.51-9.66) and 0.13 (95% CI: 0.05-0.32), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Tests using sniffer dogs may be a useful, noninvasive, fast, and cost-effective method to identify patients with PD in community screening and health prevention checkups as well as in neurological practice. © 2022 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cães , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Cães Trabalhadores
9.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is difficult to diagnose early and progresses rapidly, making it one of the most deadly malignancies worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate whether salivary glycopattern changes combined with machine learning algorithms could help in the accurate diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: Firstly, we detected the alteration of salivary glycopatterns by lectin microarrays in 118 saliva samples. Subsequently, we constructed diagnostic models for hepatic cirrhosis (HC) and HCC using three machine learning algorithms: Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selector Operation, Support Vector Machine (SVM), and Random Forest (RF). Finally, the performance of the diagnostic models was assessed in an independent validation cohort of 85 saliva samples by a series of evaluation metrics, including area under the receiver operator curve (AUC), accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity. RESULTS: We identified alterations in the expression levels of salivary glycopatterns in patients with HC and HCC. The results revealed that the glycopatterns recognized by 22 lectins showed significant differences in the saliva of HC and HCC patients and healthy volunteers. In addition, after Boruta feature selection, the best predictive performance was obtained with the RF algorithm for the construction of models for HC and HCC. The AUCs of the RF-HC model and RF-HCC model in the validation cohort were 0.857 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.780-0.935) and 0.886 (95% CI: 0.814-0.957), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Detecting alterations in salivary protein glycopatterns with lectin microarrays combined with machine learning algorithms could be an effective strategy for diagnosing HCC in the future.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(9): 4484-4496, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096589

RESUMO

Refined characterization of volatile organic compound (VOCs) components and source apportionment can provide scientific and effective support for ozone (O3) pollution prevention and control. Using hourly-resolution VOCs online data monitored at urban sites in Beijing from July to August in 2020, the chemical characteristics of VOCs and ozone formation potential (OFP) in environmental receptors during high and low ozone concentration periods were analyzed, and refined source apportionment was conducted with a positive matrix factorization (PMF) model. The results showed that the average φ[total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs)] at the monitoring sites during the observation period was 12.65×10-9, and the φ(TVOCs) during the high and low ozone concentration periods were 13.44×10-9 and 12.33×10-9, respectively, with an OFP of 107.6 µg·m-3and 99.2 µg·m-3, respectively. Ozone production was controlled by VOCs, with the highest reactivity of aromatic hydrocarbons and the top three species contributing to OFP being isoprene, toluene, and m/p-xylene. The main sources of VOCs in environmental receptors during low O3 periods included vehicular emissions (26.4%), background emissions (15.7%), solvent using (13.0%), auto repair (12.8%), secondary generation sources (9.7%), biomass combustion (6.1%), printing industry (5.7%), LNG-fueled vehicles (5.5%), and vegetation emissions (5.0%), of which background emissions, secondary generation, and printing industry sources have been little discussed in recent studies of VOCs source apportionment in Beijing. The contribution of auto repair sources and secondary generation sources increased by 3.4% and 2.6%, respectively, during the high O3 periods compared to those during the low O3 periods, and vehicular emissions remained the most significant source of VOCs contribution in the urban area of Beijing. Vegetation emissions rose from 07:00 pm and reach a maximum in the late afternoon. The contribution of background emission sources was less variable; vehicular emissions and LNG-fueled vehicle sources showed a morning and evening peak, with a relatively low contribution in the afternoon.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Pequim , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
11.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(8): 1099-1107, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Epilepsy is a syndrome of central nervous system dysfunction caused by many reasons, which is mainly characterized by abnormal discharge of neurons in the brain. Therefore, finding new targets for epilepsy therapy has always been the focus and hotspot in neurological research field. Studies have found that 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) exerts anti-epileptic effect by up-regulation of KATP channel subunit Kir6.1, Kir6.2 mRNA and protein. By using the database of TargetScan and miRBase to perform complementary pairing analysis on the sequences of miRNA and related target genes, it predicted that miR-194 might be the upstream signaling molecule of KATP channel. This study aims to explore the mechanism by which 2-DG exerts its anti-epileptic effect by regulating KATP channel subunits Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 via miR-194. METHODS: A magnesium-free epilepsy model was established and randomly divided into a control group, an epilepsy group (EP group), an EP+2-DG group, and miR-194 groups (including EP+miR-194 mimic, EP+miR-194 mimic+2-DG, EP+miR-194 mimic control, EP+miR-194 inhibitor, EP+miR-194 inhibitor+2-DG, and EP+miR-194 inhibitor control groups). The 2-DG was used to intervene miR-194 mimics, patch-clamp method was used to detect the spontaneous recurrent epileptiform discharges, real-time PCR was used to detect neuronal miR-194, Kir6.1, and Kir6.2 expressions, and the protein levels of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the amplitude of spontaneous discharge potential in the EP group (P>0.05), but the frequency of spontaneous discharge was increased (P<0.05). Compared with the EP group, the frequency of spontaneous discharge was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the EP+miR-194 mimic control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 in the EP+miR-194 mimic group were down-regulated (all P<0.05). Compared with the EP+miR-194 inhibitor control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 in the EP+miR-194 inhibitor group were up-regulated (all P<0.05). After pretreatment with miR-194 mimics, the mRNA and protein expression levels of KATP channel subunits Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 were decreased (all P<0.05). Compared with the EP+2-DG group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 in the EP+miR-194 mimic+2-DG group were down-regulated (all P<0.05) and the mRNA and protein expression levels of Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 in the EP+miR-194 inhibitor+2-DG group were up-regulated (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The 2-DG might play an anti-epilepsy effect by up-regulating KATP channel subunits Kir6.1 and Kir6.2via miR-194.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , MicroRNAs , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Anticonvulsivantes , Desoxiglucose/farmacologia , Epilepsia/genética , Glucose , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/genética , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112256

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of LipiFlow® thermal pulsation treatment system compared with lid massage combined warm compress in Chinese patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: Patients (n = 100 eyes, 50 subjects) diagnosed with MGD were recruited for this prospective, randomized, 3-month clinical trial. In Lipiflow group, patients (n = 50 eyes) received a single LipiFlow® thermal pulsation system treatment. In warm compress group, patients (n = 50 eyes) underwent warm compress daily for two weeks after an initial manual lid massage. Patients' symptoms were evaluated using Standard Patient Evaluation for Eye Dryness (SPEED) questionnaire. Safety parameters included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP) and objective parameters including meibomian glands yielding lipid secretion (MGYLS) number, meibomian glands secretion (MGS) score, lipid layer thickness (LLT), tear-film breakup time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) were measured and presented from baseline and to 3 months post-treatment. RESULTS: Baseline parameters in both groups were comparable (p > 0.05). SPEED score and TBUT improved in two groups from baseline to 3 months. MGYLS number, MGS score, LLT improved in LipiFlow group and these improvements were maintained with no significant regression at 3 months. CFS showed significant improvement in warm compress group at 1 month compared with LipiFlow group. Moreover, the correlation analysis indicated LLT was positively correlated with TBUT, MGS score, and MGYLS number. CONCLUSION: A single 12-min LipiFlow treatment is an effective therapy for MGD patients and can achieve improvements in symptoms alleviation and meibomian gland lipid secretion function lasting for at least 3 months.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2206099, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103726

RESUMO

Aluminium is abundant and exhibits a high theoretical capacity and volumetric energy density. Additionally, the high safety of aqueous aluminium-ion batteries makes them strong candidates for large-scale energy storage systems. However, the frequent collapse of the cathode material and passive oxide film result in difficult development of aqueous aluminium-ion batteries. This work provides a novel battery system, namely, Al-Zn/Al(OTF)3 +HOTF+Zn(OTF)2 /Alx Zny MnO2 ·nH2 O, with a mixed electrolyte. The cathode applies MnO topology transformation to ensure that the cathode forms Alx MnO2 ·nH2 O. Topology transformation alters the structure of the cathode material so that Zn2+ can be intercalated into the Alx MnO2 ·nH2 O spinel structure to provide support for the material structure. Regarding the anode, Zn2+ in the electrolyte is deposited onto Al of the anode to produce a regional Al-Zn alloy. Zn2+ is reduced to Zn metal during discharging, which adds a platform for secondary discharge beneficial for battery capacity enhancement. This system can provide a 1.6 V discharge platform, while the first cycle discharge can reach 554 mAh/g, thereby maintaining a high capacity of 313 mAh/g after 100 cycles. This study provides a new idea for the further development of aqueous aluminium-ion batteries (AAIBs). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is evidence showing both heterozygous HTRA1 and homozygous HTRA1 mutations as causal for familial cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). The clinical and neuroimaging signs of heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD can mimic cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). We aimed to characterize the genotypic and phenotypic features of HTRA1-related CSVD, and we compared the features of heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD and CADASIL. METHODS: We carried out genetic sequencing in a series of unrelated patients with suspected familial CSVD from China. Clinical and imaging characteristics of heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD and CADASIL were compared. RESULTS: We identified nine heterozygous HTRA1 mutations and one homozygous HTRA1 mutation, seven of which are novel. Compared with CADASIL, patients with heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD had a higher proportion of spine disorders and a lower proportion of white matter hyperintensities involving the anterior temporal lobe (p < 0.001). INTERPRETATION: This study shows that most HTRA1-related CSVD patients in China carry heterozygous HTRA1 mutations. The specific extra-neurological features and neuroimaging features reveal informative differences between heterozygous HTRA1-related CSVD and CADASIL. We expand the mutational spectrum of HTRA1.

15.
J Clin Med ; 11(17)2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079023

RESUMO

(1) Purpose: Here, we describe the clinical characteristics and predisposing factors of acute foggy corneal epithelial disease, a rare disease newly found during COVID-19 pandemic; (2) Methods: In this single-arm, ambispective case series study, ten patients with acute foggy corneal epithelial disease admitted between May 2020 and March 2021 were enrolled. Their detailed medical history and clinical and ophthalmic findings were recorded and analyzed; (3) Results: All the patients were female (100%), aged from 28 to 61 years (mean age of 40.4 ± 9.3 years). Seven cases (70%) had excessive eye use, and six cases (60%) had stayed up late and were overworked. Ten subjects (100%) presented with acute onset and a self-healing tendency. There was a mild-to-moderate decrease in the corrected visual acuity (0.35 ± 0.21 (LogMAR)). Slit-lamp examination showed diffuse dust-like opacity and edema in the epithelial layer of the cornea. By in vivo confocal microscope, epithelial cells presented characteristically a "relief-like" appearance. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography examination revealed that the mean epithelial thickness was increased (69.25 ± 4.31 µm, p < 0.01); (4) Conclusions: Acute foggy corneal epithelial disease is a rare disease in clinic, which tends to occur in young and middle-aged females. The typical clinical symptom is sudden foggy vision, which occurs repeatedly and can be relieved without treatment. Sex, an abnormal menstrual cycle, overuse of the eyes, fatigue and pressure might be risk factors. Changes in lifestyle and eye use habit during the COVID-19 pandemic may have possibly contributed to this disease incidence.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15060, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064950

RESUMO

Focal spot (light spot) at single-photon level have important applications in many fields. This report demonstrates a method for measuring focal spot size at the single-photon level indirectly. This method utilizes Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) as the single-photon sensitive detectors, combined with a nano-positioning stage. The approach involves one- or two-dimensional space scanning and a deconvolution operation, which enable evaluations of the size and spatial distribution of the focal spot formed by a single-photon-level pulsed laser. The results indicate that the average full width at half maximum of the focal spot is about 0.657 µm, which is close to the nominal resolution of the objective lens of the microscope (i.e. 0.42 µm). The proposed method has two key advantages: (1) it can measure focal spot at the single-photon level, and (2) the focal spot can easily be aligned with the detector because the array area of the Geiger mode avalanche photodiode (Gm-APD) cells in SiPM is usually on the order of square millimeter, and there is no need to put an optical slit, knife edge, or pinhole in front of the detector. The method described herein is applicable in weak focal spot detection related fields.

17.
Nat Methods ; 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076039

RESUMO

A common goal of fluorescence microscopy is to collect data on specific biological events. Yet, the event-specific content that can be collected from a sample is limited, especially for rare or stochastic processes. This is due in part to photobleaching and phototoxicity, which constrain imaging speed and duration. We developed an event-driven acquisition framework, in which neural-network-based recognition of specific biological events triggers real-time control in an instant structured illumination microscope. Our setup adapts acquisitions on-the-fly by switching between a slow imaging rate while detecting the onset of events, and a fast imaging rate during their progression. Thus, we capture mitochondrial and bacterial divisions at imaging rates that match their dynamic timescales, while extending overall imaging durations. Because event-driven acquisition allows the microscope to respond specifically to complex biological events, it acquires data enriched in relevant content.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(7): 1773-1782, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052779

RESUMO

We selected typical croplands in the black soil region of Northeast China to analyze the characteristics of biocrusts during the growing season, including species composition, thickness, coverage, and biomass (chlorophyll content). We collected bareground soil and biocrusts samples with chlorophyll content of 5-15, 15-25, 25-35, and 35-50 mg·g-1, and measured the soil disintegration rate and soil maximum disintegration ratio of each sample using a force gauge in the laboratory. The results showed that: 1) biocrusts dominated by algae and moss were frequently developed in the croplands, with Stigeoclonium and Bryum capillare as the most common species, respectively. The thickness and biomass of algal crusts were significantly lower than moss crusts, with a successional trend from algal crusts to moss crusts. 2) The coverage, thickness, and biomass of biocrusts in croplands were negatively correlated with the frequency and intensity of tillage disturbance. For instance, the values of those characterisitics were only 27.8%, 1.52 mm, and 6.49 mg·g-1 on average, respectively, in traditional tillage croplands, and increased to 83.5%, 2.74 mm, and 34.16 mg·g-1, respectively, in the croplands with conservational tillage. 3) Biocrusts considerably reduced the disintegration of surface soil, particularly in the layer of biocrusts. Compared to the bareground soil, the soil disintegration rate of biocrusts, with four levels of biomass (with chlorophyll content of 5-15, 15-25, 25-35, and 35-50 mg·g-1), was reduced by 43.1%, 50.1%, 55.5%, and 59.8%, respectively, while the soil maximum disintegration ratios were reduced by 11.4%, 17.7%, 33.2%, and 36.6%, respectively. 4) Soil disintegration rate and maximum disintegration ratio were significantly and negatively correlated with the biomass and thickness of biocrusts, indicating that the impacts of biocrusts on soil disintegration were primarily caused by the improvements in physical properties of surface soil. In conclusion, biocrusts were frequently deve-loped in croplands in the black soil region of Northeast China, owing to less disturbance following the conversion from traditional tillage to conservational tillage. They had the potential to protect surface soil against disintegration and improve soil anti-scourability, which was critical for soil conservation in croplands in this region.


Assuntos
Briófitas , Solo , Biomassa , China , Clorofila , Produtos Agrícolas , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 3392489, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045966

RESUMO

Traditional science and technology literature search mainly provides users with reliable and detailed information materials and services through technical means, data resources, and service strategies. With the development of network technology, computer technology, and information technology, digital information resources are increasing day by day, which continuously impact the traditional knowledge service mode. Some traditional technical methods and service means can no longer meet the information needs of users under large data sets. This paper proposes a model of large-scale literature search service in the context of big data by studying the technical means and service modes used for scientific and technical literature search in universities in the era of big data. Specifically, this paper proposes a method for fast literature retrieval by combining R-tree indexing for the characteristics of diverse data types and large data volume of science and technology literature. The method uses an improved k-mean clustering algorithm to construct an R-tree clustering model and improve the retrieval efficiency of the system by retrieving scientific and technical literature data through R-tree indexing. Experiments on university science and technology literature datasets show that the method in this paper improves both efficiency and precision when searching literature.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Big Data , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Publicações , Tecnologia
20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144115

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) removal efficiency is a key parameter in the processing of Cu-based electronic devices. Herein, a nitrogen plasma-assisted picosecond (ps) laser process for Cu removal is presented. Based on the cleaning and activation effect of nitrogen plasma on the surface of Cu film in ps-laser ablation, the removal efficiency can be significantly improved. Theoretically, the interaction mechanism between Cu and the ps-laser under the action of the plasma flow field is investigated by the dual temperature model (TTM) and finite element analysis (FEA). Meanwhile, the experimental results show that the angle of the plasma flow significantly affects the laser ablation of Cu. Small-angle plasma helps to improve the ps-laser processing precision of Cu, while large-angle plasma can effectively improve the ps-laser processing efficiency of Cu. Under the laser fluence of 2.69 J/cm2, the removal depth of the Cu film by a 30° plasma-assisted ps-laser is 148% higher than that by the non-plasma-assisted ps-laser, which indicates the application potential of nitrogen plasma in improving the laser ablation process.

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