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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130363, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444064

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) activation of chloride ions (Cl-) to degrade persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is a promising strategy for the treatment of industrial saline organic wastewater. However, the wide application of this technology is greatly restricted due to the general photoanode activation of Cl- with poor capability, the propensity to produce toxic by-products chlorates, and the narrow pH range. Herein, oxygen vacancies-enriched titanium dioxide (Ov-TiO2) photoanode is explored to strongly activate Cl- to drive the deep mineralization of POPs wastewater in a wide pH range (2-12) with simultaneous production of H2. More importantly, nearly no toxic by-product of chlorates was produced during such PEC-Cl system. The degradation efficiency of 4-CP and H2 generation rate by Ov-TiO2 were 99.9% within 60 min and 198.2 µmol h-1 cm-2, respectively, which are far superior to that on the TiO2 (33.1% within 60 min, 27.5 µmol h-1 cm-2) working electrode. DFT calculation and capture experiments revealed that Ov-TiO2 with abundant oxygen vacancies is conducive to the activation of Cl- to produce more reactive chlorine species, evidenced by its high production of free chlorine (48.7 mg L-1 vs 7.5 mg L-1 of TiO2). The as-designed PEC-Cl system in this work is expected to realize the purification of industrial saline organic wastewater coupling with green energy H2 evolution.


Assuntos
Cloretos , Poluentes Orgânicos Persistentes , Cloratos , Cloro , Oxigênio , Águas Residuárias , Halogênios
2.
Bioact Mater ; 22: 180-200, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246664

RESUMO

Rare earth elements (REEs) have been long applied in magnesium alloys, among which the mischmetal-containing WE43 alloy has already got the CE mark approval for clinical application. A considerable amount of REEs (7 wt%) is needed in that multi-phased alloy to achieve a good combination of mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. However, the high complex RE addition accompanied with multiple second phases may bring the concern of biological hazards. Single-phased Mg-RE alloys with simpler compositions were proposed to improve the overall performance, i.e., "Simpler alloy, better performance". The single-phased microstructure can be successfully obtained with typical high-solubility REEs (Ho, Er or Lu) through traditional smelting, casting and extrusion in a wide compositional range. A good corrosion resistance with a macroscopically uniform corrosion mode was guaranteed by the homogeneously single-phased microstructure. The bimodal-grained structure with plenty of sub-grain microstructures allow us to minimize the RE addition to <1 wt%, without losing mechanical properties. The single-phased Mg-RE alloys show comparable mechanical properties to the clinically-proven Mg-based implants. They exhibited similar in-vitro and in-vivo performances (without local or systematic toxicity in SD-rats) compared to a high purity magnesium. In addition, metal elements in our single-phased alloys can be gradually excreted through the urinary system and digestive system, showing no consistent accumulation of RE in main organs, i.e., less burden on organs. The novel concept in this study focuses on the simplification of Mg-RE based alloys for biomedical purpose, and other biodegradable metals with single-phased microstructures are expected to be explored.

3.
Food Chem ; 401: 134195, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116301

RESUMO

Soybean peptides were reported to promote the growth and metabolism of Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus (L. rhamnosus) Lra05. However, the relationship between L. rhamnosus Lra05 and the characteristics of soybean peptides is still unclear. Therefore, digested soybean peptides (dPEP) after 36 h utilization by L. rhamnosus Lra05 were identified and analyzed. We found that L. rhamnosus Lra05 tends to utilize hydrophobic peptides with three to five amino acids residues, and hydrophilic peptides with more than five residues. They also prefer peptides with proline at penultimate C-terminal position or arginine at ultimate C-terminal position. Moreover, fraction 1 (F1) and fraction 7 (F7) acquired from dPEP using RP-HPLC exhibited the strongest growth and metabolism promoting effects, and the utilized characteristics of F1 and F7 were similar with those of dPEP. These results explained why soybean peptides could promote L. rhamnosus to some extent and strengthen theoretical basis for the application of soybean peptides as potential prebiotics.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Soja , Soja/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Arginina/metabolismo
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130013, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155297

RESUMO

Viruses transmitted by water have raised considerable concerns for public health. A novel memory photocatalyst of g-C3N4/WO3/biochar was successfully developed for effective inactivation of human adenoviruses (HAdVs) in water, in which WO3 as an electron-storage reservoir and biochar as an electron shuttle is employed to synergistically improve photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4. The tertiary composite exhibited continuous photocatalytic performance for HAdVs inactivation without regrowth in water under light-dark cycles, i.e., ∼3.9-log inactivation under 6-h visible light irradiation and an additional ∼1.1-log inactivation under the following 6-h dark. The enhanced virucidal mechanism was attributed to the heterojunction formation and especially the electron-transfer pathway switching via biochar incorporation, contributing to electron transfer and storage in the light phase and then electron release in the dark phase, along with obviously increased generation of the virus-killing •OH radicals under light-dark cycles.


Assuntos
Adenovírus Humanos , Humanos , Catálise , Desinfecção , Fotoperíodo , Água , Luz
5.
Bioact Mater ; 22: 518-534, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330162

RESUMO

Transplanting cell cultured brown adipocytes (BAs) represents a promising approach to prevent and treat obesity (OB) and its associated metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, transplanted BAs have a very low survival rate in vivo. The enzymatic dissociation during the harvest of fully differentiated BAs also loses significant cells. There is a critical need for novel methods that can avoid cell death during cell preparation, transplantation, and in vivo. Here, we reported that preparing BAs as injectable microtissues could overcome the problem. We found that 3D culture promoted BA differentiation and UCP-1 expression, and the optimal initial cell aggregate size was 100 µm. The microtissues could be produced at large scales via 3D suspension assisted with a PEG hydrogel and could be cryopreserved. Fabricated microtissues could survive in vivo for long term. They alleviated body weight and fat gain and improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced OB and T2DM mice. Transplanted microtissues impacted multiple organs, secreted protein factors, and influenced the secretion of endogenous adipokines. To our best knowledge, this is the first report on fabricating human BA microtissues and showing their safety and efficacy in T2DM mice. The proposal of transplanting fabricated BA microtissues, the microtissue fabrication method, and the demonstration of efficacy in T2DM mice are all new. Our results show that engineered 3D human BA microtissues have considerable advantages in product scalability, storage, purity, safety, dosage, survival, and efficacy.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 502-511, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270171

RESUMO

V2CTx MXene has shown potential as an electrode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to its high theoretical capacity. However, most reports on V2CTx are confined to multilayer structures in LIBs, and V2CTx nanosheets have a serious restacking problem, which results in their low cyclic stability. Herein, we report the synthesis of few-layer V2CTx/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite by tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) delamination and electrostatic flocculation of NH4+ ions. Few-layer V2CTx nanosheets with crimped structure can effectively restrain restacking and guarantee full utilization of active surface area. Moreover, with the introduction of CNTs, a developed electrical conductivity network was formed, and CNTs provided structural support for the sheets further restraining their restacking, and ensuring their stable structure during the charge and discharge process even at high rates. This made the few-layer V2CTx/CNT to exhibit a high specific capacitance of 621 mAh/g after 100 cycles at 0.1 A/g, and outstanding rate performance of 290 mAh/g at 5 A/g. Furthermore, the few-layer V2CTx/CNT electrode showed excellent cycling stability with 82.1 % capacitance retention after 2000 cycles at 5 A/g. This shows it has significant potential for lithium-ion batteries applications.

7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2552: 143-150, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346590

RESUMO

Immunogenicity is an important concern to therapeutic antibodies during antibody design and development. Based on the co-crystal structures of idiotypic antibodies and their antibodies, one can see that anti-idiotypic antibodies usually bind the complementarity-determining regions (CDR) of idiotypic antibodies. Sequence and structural features, such as cavity volume at the CDR region and hydrophobicity of CDR-H3 loop region, were identified for distinguishing immunogenic antibodies from non-immunogenic antibodies. These features were integrated together with a machine learning platform to predict immunogenicity for humanized and fully human therapeutic antibodies (PITHA). This method achieved an accuracy of 83% in a leave-one-out experiment for 29 therapeutic antibodies with available crystal structures. The web server of this method is accessible at http://mabmedicine.com/PITHA or http://sysbio.unl.edu/PITHA . This method, as a step of computer-aided antibody design, helps evaluate the safety of new therapeutic antibody, which can save time and money during the therapeutic antibody development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade , Humanos , Formação de Anticorpos
8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2552: 239-254, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346595

RESUMO

Identifying protein antigenic epitopes that are recognizable by antibodies is a key step in immunologic research. This type of research has broad medical applications, such as new immunodiagnostic reagent discovery, vaccine design, and antibody design. However, due to the countless possibilities of potential epitopes, the experimental search through trial and error would be too costly and time-consuming to be practical. To facilitate this process and improve its efficiency, computational methods were developed to predict both linear epitopes and discontinuous antigenic epitopes. For linear B-cell epitope prediction, many methods were developed, including PREDITOP, PEOPLE, BEPITOPE, BepiPred, COBEpro, ABCpred, AAP, BCPred, BayesB, BEOracle/BROracle, BEST, LBEEP, DRREP, iBCE-EL, SVMTriP, etc. For the more challenging yet important task of discontinuous epitope prediction, methods were also developed, including CEP, DiscoTope, PEPITO, ElliPro, SEPPA, EPITOPIA, PEASE, EpiPred, SEPIa, EPCES, EPSVR, etc. In this chapter, we will discuss computational methods for B-cell epitope predictions of both linear and discontinuous epitopes. SVMTriP and EPCES/EPCSVR, the most successful among the methods for each type of the predictions, will be used as model methods to detail the standard protocols. For linear epitope prediction, SVMTriP was reported to achieve a sensitivity of 80.1% and a precision of 55.2% with a fivefold cross-validation based on a large dataset, yielding an AUC of 0.702. For discontinuous or conformational B-cell epitope prediction, EPCES and EPCSVR were both benchmarked by a curated independent test dataset in which all antigens had no complex structures with the antibody. The identified epitopes by these methods were later independently validated by various biochemical experiments. For these three model methods, webservers and all datasets are publicly available at http://sysbio.unl.edu/SVMTriP , http://sysbio.unl.edu/EPCES/ , and http://sysbio.unl.edu/EPSVR/ .


Assuntos
Antígenos , Epitopos de Linfócito B , Humanos , Mapeamento de Epitopos/métodos , Biologia Computacional/métodos
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115800, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228890

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lagotis integra W. W. Smith (L. integra W. W. Smith) is an important origin plant of the famous Tibetan medicine HERBA LAGOTIS. It was documented to treat "Chi Ba" disease clinically, the symptoms of which are similar to ulcerative colitis (UC). AIMS OF THIS STUDY: To screen out the active components and study the mechanisms of L. integra W. W. Smith treating UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The components of L. integra W. W. Smith were comprehensively analyzed using UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS method. The mechanisms were investigated using network pharmacology method including target prediction, protein-protein interaction network analysis and gene enrichment analysis. Then, the mechanisms were verified using Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced UC model. Finally, the core active components were further screened out through molecular docking. RESULTS: The results showed that 32 major components were identified including 8 flavonoids, 9 phenylpropanoid glycosides, 13 iridoid glycosides and 1 phenolic acid. 76 potential core therapeutic targets and top 5 key targets, which were AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and caspase-3 (CASP3), were screened out according to network pharmacology analysis. Animal experiments confirmed that those compounds could downregulate the expression levels of the 5 key target proteins in colonic tissue of mice to exert excellent anti-UC effect. Molecular docking results showed that the main active components were echinacoside, hemiphroside B, plantamajoside, plantainoside D, 10-O-trans-isoferuloyl catalpol and scutellarioside II. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, our study provides insights into the effective materials and molecular mechanisms of L. integra W. W. Smith treating UC, which contributes to the understanding of its pharmacodynamics.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Camundongos , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Medicina Herbária , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Farmacologia em Rede , Tibet
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115819, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228891

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crataegus pinnatifida belongs to the Rosaceae family and extensively distribute in North China, Europe, and North America. Its usage was first described in "Xinxiu Ben Cao." The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge or Crataegus pinnatifida var. major N. E. Br., also known as "Shanzha," is a famous medicine and food homology herb with a long history of medicinal usage in China. C. pinnatifida has the functions for digestive promotion, cardiovascular protection, and lipid reduction. It was traditionally used to treat indigestion, cardiodynia, thoracalgia, hernia, postpartum blood stagnation, and hemafecia. In recent years, C. pinnatifida has attracted worldwide attention as an important medicinal and economical crop due to its multiple and excellent health-promoting effects on cardiovascular, nervous, digestive, endocrine systems, and morbigenous microorganisms of the human body due to its medicinal and nutritional values. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The current review aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the geographical distribution, traditional usage, phytochemical components, pharmacological actions, clinical settings, and toxicities of C. pinnatifida. Moreover, the connection between the claimed biological activities and the traditional usage, along with the future perspectives for ongoing research on this plant, were also critically summarized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected the published literature on C. pinnatifida using a variety of scientific databases, including Web of Science, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Wiley, Springer, Taylor & Francis, ACS Publications, Google Scholar, Baidu Scholar, CNKI, The Plant List Database, and other literature sources (Ph.D. and MSc dissertations) from 2012 to 2022. RESULTS: In the last decade, over 250 phytochemical compounds containing lignans, phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, triterpenoids, and their glycosides, as well as other compounds, have been isolated and characterized from different parts, including the fruit, leaves, and seeds of C. pinnatifida. Among these compounds, flavonoids and triterpenoids were major bioactive components of C. pinnatifida. They exhibited a broad spectrum of pharmacological actions with low toxicity in vitro and in vivo, such as cardiovascular protection, neuroprotection, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-diabetes, anti-cancer, anti-mutagenic, anti-osteoporosis, anti-aging, anti-obesity, and hepatoprotection and other actions. CONCLUSION: A long history of traditional uses and abundant pharmacochemical and pharmacological investigations have demonstrated that C. pinnatifida is an important medicine and food homology herb, which displays outstanding therapeutic potential, especially in the digestive system and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the current studies on the active ingredients or crude extracts of C. pinnatifida and the possible mechanism of action are unclear. More evidence-based scientific studies are required to verify the traditional uses of C. pinnatifida. Furthermore, more efforts must be paid to selecting index components for quality control research and toxicity and safety studies of C. pinnatifida.


Assuntos
Crataegus , Triterpenos , Humanos , Crataegus/química , Etnofarmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Flavonoides , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
12.
Front Genet ; 13: 1036156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468029

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of pain, disability, and social burden in the elderly throughout the world. Although many studies focused on the molecular mechanism of OA, its etiology remains unclear. Therefore, more biomarkers need to be explored to help early diagnosis, clinical outcome measurement, and new therapeutic target development. Our study aimed to retrieve the potential hub genes of osteoarthritis (OA) by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and assess their clinical utility for predicting OA. Here, we integrated WGCNA to identify novel OA susceptibility modules and hub genes. In this study, we first selected 477 and 834 DEGs in the GSE1919 and the GSE55235 databases, respectively, from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) website. Genes with p-value<0.05 and | log2FC | > 1 were included in our analysis. Then, WGCNA was conducted to build a gene co-expression network, which filtered out the most relevant modules and screened out 23 overlapping WGCNA-derived hub genes. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses elucidated that these hub genes were associated with cell adhesion molecules pathway, leukocyte activation, and inflammatory response. In addition, we conducted the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network in 23 hub genes, and the top four upregulated hub genes were sorted out (CD4, SELL, ITGB2, and CD52). Moreover, our nomogram model showed good performance in predicting the risk of OA (C-index = 0.76), and this model proved to be efficient in diagnosis by ROC curves (AUC = 0.789). After that, a single-sample gene set enrichment (ssGSEA) analysis was performed to discover immune cell infiltration in OA. Finally, human primary synoviocytes and immunohistochemistry study of synovial tissues confirmed that those candidate genes were significantly upregulated in the OA groups compared with normal groups. We successfully constructed a co-expression network based on WGCNA and found out that OA-associated susceptibility modules and hub genes, which may provide further insight into the development of pre-symptomatic diagnosis, may contribute to understanding the molecular mechanism study of OA risk genes.

13.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1063461, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468064

RESUMO

In this study, we aim to identify the distinct subtypes of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) user profiles based on the telemedicine management platform and to determine clinical and psychological predictors of various patterns of adherence. A total of 301 patients used auto-CPAP (Autoset 10, Resmed Inc.) during the treatment period. Four categories of potential predictors for CPAP adherence were examined: (1) demographic and clinical characteristics, (2) disease severity and comorbidities, (3) sleep-related health issues, and (4) psychological evaluation. Then, growth mixture modeling was conducted using Mplus 8.0 to identify the unique trajectories of adherence over time. Adherence data were collected from the telemedicine management platform (Airview, Resmed Inc.) during the treatment. Three novel subgroups were identified and labeled "adherers" (53.8% of samples, intercept = 385, slope = -51, high mean value, negative slope and moderate decline), "Improvers" (18.6%, intercept = 256, slope = 50, moderate mean value, positive slope and moderate growth) and "non-adherers" (27.6%, intercept = 176, slope = -31, low mean value, negative slope and slight decline). The comorbidities associated with OSA and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which reflects the objective severity of the disease, did not differ significantly among the subgroups. However, "improvers" showed higher levels of daytime sleepiness (8.1 ± 6.0 vs. 12.1 ± 7.0 vs. 8.0 ± 6.1 in SWIFT, p = 0.01), reduced daytime function (4.6 ± 1.6 vs. 3.8 ± 1.6 vs. 4.2 ± 1.8 in QSQ daytime symptoms, p = 0.02), and characteristics of positive coping style (1.8 ± 0.5 vs. 1.9 ± 0.5 vs. 1.7 ± 0.5 in SCSQ positive coping index, p = 0.02). Negative emotion was more pronounced in patients with "non-adherers" (12.9 ± 3.8 vs. 13.7 ± 3.3 vs. 14.6 ± 3.5, p = 0.02 in the HADS depression dimension; 9.0 ± 6.1 vs. 9.8 ± 5.1 vs. 11.5 ± 6.3, p = 0.01 with Negative Affectivity in DS14, and 9.3 ± 6.1 vs. 10.3 ± 5.1 vs. 11.7 ± 6.5, p = 0.01 with Social Inhibition in DS14). Overall, our study demonstrated that CPAP therapy may present distinct trajectories of adherence over time in addition to the traditional binary classification. Self-reported sleep health issues (diurnal sleepiness and daytime dysfunction) as well as psychological characteristics (negative emotions and coping style) were predictors of different adherence subtypes in patients with OSA. Understanding CPAP use profiles and their predictors enable the identification of those who may require additional intervention to improve adherence and further enhance the therapeutic effect in OSA patients.

14.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278035, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454982

RESUMO

Manually collecting landmarks for quantifying complex morphological phenotypes can be laborious and subject to intra and interobserver errors. However, most automated landmarking methods for efficiency and consistency fall short of landmarking highly variable samples due to the bias introduced by the use of a single template. We introduce a fast and open source automated landmarking pipeline (MALPACA) that utilizes multiple templates for accommodating large-scale variations. We also introduce a K-means method of choosing the templates that can be used in conjunction with MALPACA, when no prior information for selecting templates is available. Our results confirm that MALPACA significantly outperforms single-template methods in landmarking both single and multi-species samples. K-means based template selection can also avoid choosing the worst set of templates when compared to random template selection. We further offer an example of post-hoc quality check for each individual template for further refinement. In summary, MALPACA is an efficient and reproducible method that can accommodate large morphological variability, such as those commonly found in evolutionary studies. To support the research community, we have developed open-source and user-friendly software tools for performing K-means multi-templates selection and MALPACA.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Fenótipo , Software
15.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 175430, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460131

RESUMO

Disruption of blood-testis barrier (BTB) was a crucial pathological feature of diabetes induced-testicular injury at early phase. Aucubin (AU), a main active component in Eucommiae Cortex, has drawn attention for its benefits against male reproductive system disease. The current study was aimed at investigating the protective role of AU and exploring the underlying mechanism in diabetic model. A murine model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was induced by high-fat diet (HFD) combined with streptozocin (STZ). Testicular weight index and morphology, sperm quality, integrity of BTB and protein levels were analyzed. The underlying mechanism of the protective effect of AU was further explored in Sertoli cells (SCs) cultured with high glucose (HG). Our results showed AU inhibited testicular structural destruction, restored disruption of BTB and improved abnormal spermatogenic function in diabetic mice. Consistent with in vivo results, HG induced decreased transcellular resistance and increased permeability in SCs monolayers, while AU exposure reverses this trend. Meanwhile, reduced expression of Zonula occludin-1(ZO-1) and Connexin43(Cx43) in testicular tissue diabetic mice and HG-induced SCs was prominently reversed via AU treatment. Mechanistic studies suggested a high affinity interaction between AU and c-Src protein was identified based on molecular docking, and the activation of c-Src was significantly inhibited in AU treatment. Furthermore, AU significantly increased the expression of Cx43 and ZO-1 proteins HG-induced SCs, which can be further enhanced in gene-silenced c-Src cells to some extent. Our results suggested that AU ameliorated disruption of BTB and spermatogenesis dysfunction in diabetic mice via inactivating c-Src to stabilize cell junction integrity.

16.
J Immunol ; 209(10): 1918-1929, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426956

RESUMO

Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3) has caused severe economic losses to carp culture, but its pathogenicity is far from clear. Our previous study has revealed that microRNA (miR)-722 was upregulated during CyHV-3 infection, indicating that miR-722 might play an important role in CyHV-3 replication. In this study, we found that overexpression of miR-722 inhibited CyHV-3 replication and promoted IFN expression. The putative target gene of miR-722 was searched over the CyHV-3 genome, and ORF89 was identified and validated as a target gene of miR-722. Overexpression of ORF89 markedly reduced the expression of IFN and IFN-stimulated genes. Mechanistically, ORF89 interacted with and degraded IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), and inhibited the entry of IRF3 into the nucleus by suppressing the dimerization of IRF3. Moreover, ORF89-mediated suppression of IFN expression could be restored by adding miR-722. To our knowledge, our findings confirm a novel virus-host combat, in which CyHV-3 evades host antiviral immunity by its ORF89 protein, whereas host miR-722, upregulated on CyHV-3 infection, targets ORF89 to impede CyHV-3 replication.


Assuntos
Evasão da Resposta Imune , MicroRNAs , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
17.
Adv Clin Chem ; 111: 1-68, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427907

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), especially bacterial AMR, poses a global threat to public health and has become a huge obstacle to the effective control of related infectious diseases. Following the golden age of antimicrobials discovery between the 1940s and 1960s, antimicrobial abuse resulted in the rapid emergence of AMR. Nowadays, the problem of AMR has become increasingly serious, and some bacteria have reached the brink of no suitable antimicrobials available. Rapid detection of AMR and level quantification are the prerequisites to control the spread of AMR. Although time-consuming, traditional phenotype-based methods are still the primary methods used in clinical laboratories and are regarded as the gold standard for AMR identification. To offset the limitation of the long turnaround time of phenotype-based methods, molecular detection methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), isothermal amplification, high-throughput sequencing, gene microarray, and mass spectrometry have begun to be widely used and served as important complements to phenotype-based methods. This chapter will describe the advances in the above technologies applied in AMR testing.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Infecções Bacterianas , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
18.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(10): 2732-2748, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36450683

RESUMO

Sediment originating from the urban road runoff is a main contributor to water pollution in urban areas. The size of the road sediment varies significantly, but its influence on sediment wash-off process has not been well investigated. In this study, sediments with different particle size distributions have been used in rainfall-runoff experiments over idealized urban road surface. The results show that, under the same experimental conditions, the capacity factor CF increases with the decrease of the median particle diameter D50, which is the dominant influencing factor on CF. The wash-off coefficient k is affected by both D50 and the grading of sediment. During the wash-off process, D50 of the sediment collected at the outlet increases with time. Such a grain coarsening phenomenon is particularly apparent when the road is originally covered with very fine sediments. Furthermore, the presence of coarse grains slows down the transport of fine sediment whose size is smaller than 14 µm. This shielding effect significantly affects the sediment wash-off process in the early stage of a rainfall event, while later on the interaction between particles of different sizes becomes unimportant. This study advances the understanding of sediment wash-off mechanism on urban road surface.


Assuntos
Poluição da Água , Tamanho da Partícula
19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(22): 16483-16493, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326608

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play key roles in soil biogeochemical processes, yet the occurrence and accumulation of ROS in the rhizosphere are poorly documented. Herein, we first developed a ROS-trapping membrane to in situ determine ROS in the ryegrass rhizosphere and then quantified the temporal and spatial variations of representative ROS (i.e., O2•─, H2O2, and •OH). Fluorescence imaging clearly visualized the production of ROS in the rhizosphere. Both O2•─ and H2O2 content increased first and then declined throughout the life cycle of ryegrass, while •OH concentration decreased continuously. Spatially, ROS contents remained at a relatively high level at 0-5 mm and then descended with increasing distance. The concentrations of ROS in different soils followed the order of black soil > latosol soil > yellow-brown soil > tier soil ∼ red soil. Analysis of soil properties suggested that both biotic factors (microbial community) and abiotic factors (Fe(II) and water-soluble phenols) played critical roles in ROS production. The combined processes, including Fe(II) and water-soluble phenol-mediated electron transfer, microbial community-driven extracellular O2•─ release, and Fe(II)/Fe(III) cycling, may be responsible for ROS production. These findings provide insights into ROS-associated rhizosphere effects and inspiration for the phytoremediation of pollutants and element cycling.


Assuntos
Lolium , Poluentes do Solo , Rizosfera , Lolium/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Compostos Férricos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Raízes de Plantas/química , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Compostos Ferrosos , Água
20.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 2): 137137, 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351469

RESUMO

Relatively large band-gap, fast charge carriers recombination, and mono-functionality of photocatalytic materials are still representing stumbling hurdles against their optimal usage for water cleaning. Herein, a novel black titanium oxide/plasmonic titanium nitride@activated coconut biochar (TiO2-x/TiN@ACB) composite was designed to have both photocatalytic and photothermal functions. Intermediate states of black TiO2-x, plasmonic effect of TiN, and high electrons (e-) capacity of biochar enhanced band-gap narrowing, light absorbance extension, and charge carriers separation respectively. Black TiO2-x and plasmonic TiN sensitization via visible/infrared (Vis/IR) portion of photonic spectrum in addition to the confirmed close contact of composite constituents explained the demonstrated major role of e- in photocatalytic mechanism through efficient excitation and facile transfer. Thanks to black photocatalytic semiconductor and carbonic materials for their ultimate photons harnessing and efficient photothermal conversion where the composite exhibited a remarkable photothermal water evaporation upon Vis/IR illumination as well. TiO2-x/TiN@ACB composite revealed 92.8 and 89.7% photocatalytic reduction of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) and water evaporation efficiencies up to 92.9 and 51.1% upon IR and Vis light illumination respectively. This study proposes a new approach for efficient water cleaning by coupling of oxygen deficient and plasmonic semiconductors supported on naturally derived carbonic material as a broad spectrum harvester and bi-functional photocatalytic and photothermal material.

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