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1.
Life Sci ; : 116881, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678285

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate anti-liver fibrosis effects of Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge involved mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-mediated transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) signaling. MAIN METHODS: Diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver fibrosis in mice and TGF-ß1-activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were established and treated with dosage/concentration-graded Sal B and/or MAPK activator (Vacquinol-1: MKK4-specific activator)/inhibitors (PD98059: ERK-specific inhibitor; SP600125: JNK-specific inhibitor; SB203580: p38-specific inhibitor). Histopathological characteristics and cell migration were assessed, α-SMA, Collagen I and members of TGF-ß/MAPK/Smad signal transduction pathway were measured. KEY FINDINGS: Results in vivo showed that Sal B alleviated DEN-caused liver fibrosis embodied in ameliorative histopathological characteristics and decreased protein levels of hepatic fibrosis related markers (α-SMA, Collagen I, TGF-ß1), its molecular mechanisms of action were correlative with inhibited activation of MAPK and phosphorylation of Smad2/3 at linker regions (P-Smad2/3L) and Smad2 at C-terminal (P-Smad2C) while increased phosphorylation of Smad3 at C-terminal (P-Smad3C). Results in vitro showed that Sal B restrained TGF-ß1-induced HSCs activation, Collagen I production and cell migration; Sal B inhibited activation of MAPK and markedly decreased protein levels of P-Smad2/3L and P-Smad2C while slightly increased P-Smad3C in TGF-ß1-stimulated HSCs, the expression of PAI-1 was inhibited by Sal B; activating MAPK receded inhibitory effects of Sal B on α-SMA, Collagen I, P-Smad2L and P-Smad3L expression while inhibited activation of MAPK reinforced those. SIGNIFICANCE: Sal B attenuates liver fibrosis via mediation of TGF-ß/Smad and MAPK pathways, especially inhibition of MAPK-mediated P-Smad2/3L signaling, which maybe provides theoretical foundation of Sal B for treating clinically liver fibrosis.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726133

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the structural characterization and antidiabetic effects of Lactobacillus H31 exopolysaccharide (EPS) H31-2 from pickled cabbage. The BLAST result indicated that Lactobacillus H31 was closely related to L. plantarum S1S2L2. In the spectrum of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 3370 cm-1 was the characteristic band of polysaccharide. A structural analysis showed that the monosaccharides of EPS H31-2 included d-mannose (Man) and d-glucose (Glc). The molecular weight of EPS H31-2 was around 10.75 kDa. All these results suggested EPS H31-2 was a novel polysaccharide. The inhibition ratios of crude EPS H31 and the pure fraction H31-2 of pancreatic α-amylase were 89.10 ± 2.59% and 69.23 ± 8.95%, respectively. In addition, the supernatant glucose concentration of insulin-resistant HepG2 cells decreased by treatment with 10-8 M of EPS H31-2, which meant EPS H31-2 could promote the glucose uptake of insulin-resistant HepG2 cell. Furthermore, EPS H31-2 upregulated the expression of the GLUT-4, Akt-2, and AMPK, which play important roles in glycometabolism. These results suggested that L. plantarum EPS H31-2 could effectively inhibit the activity of pancreas α-amylase and has potential applications in the prevention and alleviation of diabetes mellitus.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(45): 12452-12460, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674183

RESUMO

Increasing cases of infections by foodborne pathogenic bacteria resulted in a great demand to find safe and novel antimicrobial compounds that can be used in the food industry. The isolation and application of antimicrobial peptides including lipopeptides has been increasing tremendously in the past years. In this study, a new bacterial strain called Brevibacillus laterosporus fmb70 (fmb70) was isolated and exhibited strong antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. Two major antimicrobial components produced by fmb70 were respectively identified as lipopeptide: brevibacillin V (MW: 1570.12 Da) and brevibacillin (MW: 1583.75 Da), of which brevibacillin V was a new compound. Both of them consisted of 13 amino acids and C6 fatty acyl (FA) chain. Brevibacillin V and brevibacillin showed significant antimicrobial activities against most foodborne pathogenic bacteria and phytopathogenic fungi. They stayed activity at 100 °C and remained 50% of their antimicrobial activities at pH 3 for 22 h. Hemolytic activities of them were lower than 8%. They effectively eliminated the S. aureus GIM 1.142 and L. monocytogenes ATCC 21633 in skim milk. In conclusion, the Brevibacillus laterosporus fmb70 and its major antimicrobial components has remarkable potentials in the food industry.

4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; : 110890, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628963

RESUMO

Alcoholic liver disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In this work, a food-grade recombinant Bacillus subtilis co-expressing both alcohol dehydrogenase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (scADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase from Issatchenkia terricola (istALDH) were successfully constructed via double-crossover homologous recombination. When cultured at 37 °C for 48 h, the activities of scADH and istALDH were 57.56 ±â€¯7.44 and 81.41 ±â€¯8.26 U/mL, respectively. In pH 4.0, the alcohol degradation rate of recombinant B. subtilis fmb8 was 33% and the ΔLog10 was 0.1, indicating that fmb8 could be used as whole-cell biocatalysts for biodegradation of alcohols under low pH conditions. Mice experiments indicated that recombinant B. subtilis significantly alleviate recombinant alcohol-induced increases of mouse liver index, blood alcohol content, and serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase activities. Furthermore, recombinant B. subtilis significantly reduced liver malondialdehyde levels and increased total antioxidant capacity and superoxide dismutase levels in mouse liver. Overall, our findings suggested that food-grade B. subtilis fmb8 co-expressing scADH and istALDH could be used as a potential probiotic for alcohol detoxification and alleviation of alcoholic liver injury.

5.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has established minimum exposure rates for specific orthopaedic procedures during residency but has not established the achievement of competence at the end of training. The determination of independence performing surgical procedures remains undefined and may depend on the perspective of the observer. The purpose of this study was to understand the perceptions of recently graduated orthopaedic residents on the number of cases needed to achieve independence and on the ability to perform common orthopaedic procedures at the end of training. METHODS: We conducted a web survey of all 727 recently graduated U.S. orthopaedic residents sitting for the 2018 American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part I Examination in July 2018. The surveyed participants were asked to assess the ability to independently perform 26 common adult and pediatric orthopaedic procedures as well as to recommend the number of cases to achieve independence at the end of training. We compared these data to the ACGME Minimum Numbers and the average ACGME resident experience data for residents who graduated from 2010 to 2012. RESULTS: For 14 (78%) of the 18 adult procedures, >80% of respondents reported the ability to perform independently, and for 7 (88%) of the 8 pediatric procedures, >90% reported the ability to perform independently. The resident-recommended number of cases for independence was greater than the ACGME Minimum Numbers for all but 1 adult procedure. For 18 of the 26 adult and pediatric procedures, the mean 2010 to 2012 graduated resident exposure was significantly less than the mean number recommended for independence by 2018 graduates (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, recently graduated residents reported high self-perceived independence in performing the majority of the common adult and pediatric orthopaedic surgical procedures included in this study. In general, recently graduated residents recommended a greater number of case exposures to achieve independence than the ACGME Minimum Numbers.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3203-3212, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602873

RESUMO

In order to provide guidance for the protection and utilization of resources,quality control and breeding of improved varieties,we compared the main phenotypic characters and quality of wild and transplanted Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis collected from different producing areas. Seven phenotypic characters of 33 samples of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis collected from Yunnan,Guizhou and Sichuan were determined by conventional methods,and the principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used to analyze the diversity of the samples. The parissaponin( polyphyllin Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅵ,Ⅶ) content of the samples were detected by HPLC,and analyzed by cluster analysis. Correlation analysis of the phenotypic characters and the parissaponin content was performed. There were significant differences in seven phenotypic characters between wild and transplanted samples of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from different habitats,with high phenotypic diversity and abundant genetic variation. The results of principal component analysis showed that leaf shape index was the main factor of morphological variation of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. Cluster analysis showed that the phenotypic characters of wild and transplanted P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis could not be completely separated. The content of saponins in wild and transplanted samples from different habitats was quite different. Saponins content of 93. 94% samples met the criterion of Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 edition,and the overall quality was relatively steady. The results of independent sample t-test showed that there was no significant difference of all the active ingredient between wild and transplanted samples,and it couldn't be used to distinguish between wild and transplanted samples. It is the same as the results of cluster analysis. The results of correlation analysis showed that the phenotypic traits of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis were correlated with its medicine quality,and the total content of saponins was positively correlated with leaf length and leaf shape index( r = 0. 389,0. 441; P<0. 05). Yunnan,Guizhou and Sichuan are suitable for the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. And the transplaned P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis can be used as the same as the wild ones completely. The results provide reference for the protection and selective breeding of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Assuntos
Melanthiaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Saponinas/análise , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ecossistema , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta , Plantas Medicinais/química
7.
Int J Biol Markers ; : 1724600819882698, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Membranous nephropathy is the most common glomerular disease related to malignancy. However, it is difficult to distinguish between true malignancy-related membranous nephropathy and idiopathic membranous nephropathy coincident with cancer. It has been reported that phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is the first autoantigen involved in idiopathic membranous nephropathy and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) may have a close relationship with malignancy-related membranous nephropathy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathological characteristics between membranous nephropathy patients with cancer and idiopathic membranous nephropathy patients without cancer to better detect malignancy-related membranous nephropathy, including glomerular PLA2R and THSD7A depositions and their circulating antibodies, together with glomerular IgG4 deposition. METHODS: Twelve membranous nephropathy patients with cancer and 257 idiopathic membranous nephropathy patients without cancer were included in this study and had been followed up for more than 1 year. The glomerular expression of PLA2R, THSD7A, and IgG4 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Circulating anti-PLA2R and anti-THSD7A antibodies were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect immunofluorescence testing, respectively. RESULTS: Membranous nephropathy patients with cancer were significantly older and had higher serum creatinine and a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate than idiopathic membranous nephropathy patients (P<0.05). The positive rates of glomerular PLA2R and IgG4 depositions and circulating anti-PLA2R antibodies in membranous nephropathy patients with cancer were significantly lower than those in idiopathic membranous nephropathy patients without cancer (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The absence of glomerular PLA2R deposition and negative circulating anti-PLA2R antibodies, along with negative glomerular IgG4 staining, may be useful clues to more accurately screen underlying malignancies in membranous nephropathy patients.

8.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585857

RESUMO

In this study, the bacterial lipoxygenase (LOX) gene from Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27853 (pse-LOX) was cloned, sequenced and heterologous expressed in Escherichia coli by auto-induction expression strategy. Production of the recombinant pse-LOX (pse-rLOX) gene up to 23,850 U/mL (264 mg pure protein/L bacterial culture fluid) was observed in the end of this process. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to manipulate LOX heterologous expression process using auto-induction expression approach, and it is the highest production of recombinant LOX compared with other reports. Subsequently, the resulted pse-rLOX was proved to efficiently degrade triphenylmethane dyes such as malachite green, brilliant green and aniline blue. Generally, an overproduction of the LOX from P. aeruginosa was observed in E. coli, and this recombinant gene is a potential candidate as biocatalyst for triphenylmethane dyes decolorization.

9.
J Surg Res ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-quality decision making is important in patient-centered care. Although patient involvement in decision making varies widely, most patients desire to share in decision making. The Press-Ganey Patient Satisfaction survey includes questions that measure patients' perceptions of their providers' efforts to involve them in decision making (PGDM). We hypothesized that higher PGDM scores would correlate with higher scores on a validated measure of patient centeredness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical providers at a university hospital who routinely receive Press-Ganey scores received a survey that included the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS), a validated tool that measures the provider's orientation toward patient centeredness on a continuous six-point scale: score ≥5 = high, 4.57-5 = moderate, and <4.57 = low and includes nine-item "caring" or "sharing" subscales. We compared PPOS scores to PGDM scores, averaged from April 2015 to January 2016. RESULTS: Eighty-six of 112 (75%) of surgical providers responded to the survey. Fifty-two (46%) had PGDM scores available and 26% achieved a perfect score on the PGDM. The overall PPOS scores were low, with a mean of 4.2 (SD = 0.5). The PPOS was not correlated with the PGDM, correlation coefficient (rs) = -0.07 (CI: -0.34-0.21, P = 0.63). Similarly, the two subscales of the PPOS did not correlate with the PGDM with rs = -0.15 (CI: -0.41-0.13, P = 0.29) for "caring" and rs = -0.04 (CI: -0.31-0.23, P = 0.76) for "sharing". CONCLUSIONS: Although surgical providers scored low in patient centeredness using the PPOS, over one-quarter (26%) of them rank in the top 1% on the PGDM. No correlation was found between providers' patient centeredness and their patients' perceptions of efforts to include them in decision making.

10.
Nanomedicine ; 22: 102092, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593795

RESUMO

Dendritic cell (DC)-targeted vaccines based on nanotechnology are a promising strategy to efficiently induce potent immune responses. We synthesized and manufactured a mannose-modified poly (ß-amino ester) (PBAE) nano-vaccines with easily tuneable and pH-sensitive characteristics to co-deliver the tumor-associated antigen polypeptide Trp-2 and the TLR4 agonist monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA). To reduce immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment, an immune checkpoint inhibitor, PD-L1 antagonist, was administrated along with PBAE nano-vaccines to delay melanoma development. We found that mannosylated Trp-2 and MPLA-loaded PBAE nano-vaccines can target and mature DCs, consequently boosting antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity against melanoma. The prophylactic study indicates that combination therapy with PD-L1 antagonist further enhanced anti-tumor efficacy by 3.7-fold and prolonged median survival time by 1.6-fold more than free Trp-2/MPLA inoculation. DC-targeting PBAE polymers have a great potential as a nanotechnology platform to design vaccines and achieve synergistic anti-tumor effects with immune checkpoint therapy.

11.
Nat Methods ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570887

RESUMO

We present ilastik, an easy-to-use interactive tool that brings machine-learning-based (bio)image analysis to end users without substantial computational expertise. It contains pre-defined workflows for image segmentation, object classification, counting and tracking. Users adapt the workflows to the problem at hand by interactively providing sparse training annotations for a nonlinear classifier. ilastik can process data in up to five dimensions (3D, time and number of channels). Its computational back end runs operations on-demand wherever possible, allowing for interactive prediction on data larger than RAM. Once the classifiers are trained, ilastik workflows can be applied to new data from the command line without further user interaction. We describe all ilastik workflows in detail, including three case studies and a discussion on the expected performance.

12.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 296-302, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of high dose vitamin C (VC) on proliferation of breast cancer cells and to explore its mechanisms. METHODS: Human breast cancer cells Bcap37 and MDA-MB-453 were treated with VC at low dose (0.01 mmol/L), medium dose (0.10 mmol/L) and high dose (2.00 mmol/L). Cell proliferation was determined with CCK-8 assay, protein expression was evaluated by Western blot, and the secretion of lactic acid in tumor cells was detected by colorimetric method. Bcap37 cells were inoculated in nude mice, and tumor baring nude mice were intraperitoneally injected with high VC(4 g/kg, VC group, n=5)or normal saline (control group, n=5) for 24 d. Tumor weight and body weight were calculated. RESULTS: In vitro experiments demonstrated that high dose VC significantly inhibited cell proliferation in Bcap37 and MDA-MB-453 cells (all P<0.01); the expressions of Glut1 and mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins were decreased (all P<0.05); and the secretion of lactic acid was also markedly reduced (all P<0.05). In vivo experiment showed that the tumor weight was decreased in mice treated with high-dose VC as compared with control group (P<0.05), but no difference in body weights between two groups was observed. CONCLUSIONS: High dose VC may inhibit proliferation of breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo through reducing glycolysis and protein synthesis.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Neoplasias da Mama , Glicólise , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Biossíntese de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 3233-3244, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529899

RESUMO

As the link among species, ecological environment, and ecosystem function, functional diversity can help us to better understand the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function. We analyzed functional diversity with thirteen functional traits reflecting the characteristics of food acquisition, locomotion, ecological adaptation, reproduction and population dynamics of fish species. The seasonal, interannual and spatial variations of functional diversity of fish communities were examined using functional richness index (FRic), functional evenness index (FEve), functional divergence index (FDiv) and community weighted mean index (CWM) based on the data from the bottom trawl surveys in spring and autumn from 2011 to 2017 (except 2012) in Haizhou Bay. The results showed that functional diversity indices were significantly different in spring and autumn, with FRic was significantly higher in autumn than that in spring and FDiv was significantly higher in spring than that in autumn. Migration might be the main reason for the seasonal change of functional diversity indices. CWM analysis showed that dominant fish species were cold-temperate or warm-temperate species, with higher trophic level, strong motion ability, and relatively high growth coefficient, resilience and vulnerability in spring. In autumn, the dominant species showed the opposite traits. In both spring and autumn, fish species with pelagic eggs dominated the fish communities. Inter-annual variations in functional diversity indices were observed in spring and autumn. The functional diversity indices showed an annual fluctuation during the study period in both spring and autumn, indicating the low stability of fish community in Haizhou Bay. Significant spatial changes in functional diversity of fish assemblages were observed, with FDiv being higher in the offshore coastal waters (>20 m) than that in the shallow waters (<20 m). The functional diversity showed obvious spatio-temporal variation. The ecological niches and resource utilization of fish species varied with season, year and space in Haizhou Bay.


Assuntos
Baías , Biodiversidade , Ecossistema , Peixes , Animais , Dinâmica Populacional
14.
Food Res Int ; 125: 108520, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554137

RESUMO

S. enterica is an important foodborne pathogen worldwide. As some strains can form biofilms which may offer protection against antimicrobials, it is of interest to explore ways to prevent biofilm formation by S. enterica. In this study, we engineered a short ß-sheet peptide WK2 (WKWKCTKSGCKWKW-NH2) and examined its antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities against various S. enterica strains, including the multidrug-resistant S. Typhimurium DT104. WK2 displayed bacteriostatic activity with a geometric mean (GM) minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 4.17 µg/mL, and bactericidal activity, with a GM lethal concentration (LC) of 7.51 µg/mL. Crystal violet staining and fluorescence measurements demonstrated that WK2 inhibited S. Typhimurium DT104 biofilm formation at 0.5 µg/mL and killed the sessile cells in biofilms at 8 µg/mL. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and microscopic observation revealed that the anti-biofilm activity of WK2 likely arises through the formation of complexes with bacterial DNA, inhibition of surface organelle biosynthesis and interference with autoinducer-2 (AI-2)-mediated quorum sensing (QS). Therefore, WK2 is a promising antimicrobial agent for the prevention and control of biofilms produced by multidrug-resistant S. enterica.

15.
Food Res Int ; 125: 108531, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554138

RESUMO

Monascus vinegar is one of the most famous and popular Chinese vinegars. The present study identified 60 volatile compounds, 23 amino acids, and seven organic acids during the traditional brewing of Monascus vinegar. Acetic acid, alanine, alcohols, esters, lactic acid, and valine were the predominant metabolic compounds found during the fermentation process. Komagataeibacter medellinensis, Lactobacillus acetotolerans, Saccharomycopsis fibuligera, Sterigmatomyces halophilus, and Yarrowia lipolytica were the dominant microorganisms during the traditional brewing of Monascus vinegar. Furthermore, based on Spearman's correlation analysis, K. medellinensis showed a positive correlation with acetic acid, acetoin, benzaldehyde, phenethyl acetate, 4-ethylphenol, proline, threonine, and isoleucine. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was positively associated with the production of acetoin, benzeneacetaldehyde, 2,3,5-trimethylpyrazine, proline, threonine, and isoleucine. Bacillus velezensis and Yarrowia lipolytica were positively correlated with esters and alcohols, implying that these microorganisms might make a significant contribution to the flavor of vinegar. These findings demonstrated that some microorganisms may play important roles in improving the aromatic quality of Monascus vinegar.

16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(9): 922-925, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a patient with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) manifesting as lumbago, hunchback and Parkinson's syndrome. METHODS: A 49-years-old male CADASIL patient was reported. Results of clinical examination, neuroimaging and genetic testing were analyzed. His family members were also subjected to genetic testing. Related literature was reviewed. RESULTS: The patient had no typical symptoms of CADASIL such as headache, repeated stroke, dementia and emotional disorders, but progressive Parkinson's syndrome, late onset lumbago, hunchback, dysphagia, and diplopia. Brain MRI showed left basal ganglia and external capsule lacunar infarction. Genetic testing revealed a point mutation c.1630C>T (p.R544C) in exon 11 of the NOTCH3 gene. A heterozygous mutation was detected in the same gene in his mother, elder sister and younger brother, all of whom showed different clinical phenotypes. CONCLUSION: The clinical features of CADASIL are heterogeneous. Lumbago, humpback, and Parkinson's syndrome may be a rare clinical phenotype of CADASIL.


Assuntos
CADASIL/genética , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Doença de Parkinson/etiologia , CADASIL/complicações , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Receptor Notch3/genética
17.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(9): 1736-1749, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559755

RESUMO

The development of orally administrated heparin drugs requires a systematic understanding of the interaction between heparin and gut flora. The in vivo distribution of fluorescein-labeled heparin that is orally administrated by mice was observed using fluorescein microscopy. In addition, the stability of heparin in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids, as well as the in vitro degradation of heparin by gut flora were detected by HPLC. The results show that orally administrated heparin was mainly distributed in the gastrointestinal tract of mice, and exerted structural stability under the condition of simulated gastric and intestinal fluids in vitro. However, heparin could be degraded by intestinal flora cultured in medium containing heparin. In order to further study the effect of orally administrated heparin on intestinal flora in mice, the fecal microbiota 16S rRNA fragment of C57BL/6J mice was tested by the Illumina Mi-Seq high-throughput sequencing technology. Compared with the gut flora of mice that orally administrated by saline, the biodiversity of gut flora in mice with orally administrated heparin was decreased. The difference of microflora structure was not significant at the phylum level, and the relative abundance of Alistipes, Parasutterella and Akkermansia was increased at the genus level, and the relative abundance of Bilophila, Enterorhabdus, Ruminiclostridium, Prevotellaceae_UCG_001, Ruminiclostridium-9, Bacteroides, Lachnoclostridium, Candidatus, Saccharimonas, Intestinimonas and Dubosiella was reduced. These findings indicate that heparin could influence the gut flora of mice. In addition, no obvious toxic and side effects were found in mice that orally administrated heparin, suggesting the safety of orally administrated heparin.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Heparina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Ribossômico 16S
18.
Appl Opt ; 58(20): 5563-5567, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504028

RESUMO

A polarization simulation and analysis method was carried out for a hyper numerical apertures (NA) lithography illumination system which is affected by residual birefringence in optical materials. The lens is divided into multiple small annuli according to the finite element method, and the retardation distribution is obtained by setting the residual birefringence of each annulus. Finally, the polarized ray tracing is cleverly changed to geometric ray tracing. A hyper-NA lithography illumination system is modeled, and the residual birefringence is set between 0.1 nm/cm and 1 nm/cm. The simulation result shows that the degree of polarization performance degradation is proportional to the magnitude of residual birefringence, and the tolerance of residual birefringence in lens materials is below 1 nm/cm for the system. The polarization simulation and analysis method provides a powerful tool to calculate the polarized parameters of the system, which is helpful for selecting lens material of the hyper-NA illumination system.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 48(39): 14864-14872, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555781

RESUMO

In this work, a range of g-C3N4/MnO composites were constructed using g-C3N4 nanosheets modified with MnO, and the photocatalytic performance for hydrogen evolution was evaluated by using these as-prepared g-C3N4/MnO composites as photocatalysts. It was found that the photocatalytic activity of the g-C3N4/MnO composites for hydrogen evolution is significantly enhanced compared with that of pristine g-C3N4 since the formation of heterojunctions between the MnO nanoparticles and g-C3N4 nanosheets through coordination covalent bonds promotes the charge carrier transfer and separation abilities of the composites. The loading mass of MnO also has a large influence on the photocatalytic activity of the g-C3N4/MnO composites. Particularly, the g-C3N4/MnO-5 composite with 5 wt% MnO shows superior photocatalytic activity with a hydrogen evolution rate of 559 µmol h-1 g-1 under visible light, which is about 9 times that of the bulky g-C3N4. These findings demonstrate that the combination of metal oxides and g-C3N4 to construct composite photocatalysts is an effective method to improve the photocatalytic performance.

20.
J Environ Manage ; 251: 109547, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539702

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the evolution of antibiotic resistance phenotypes, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and Class 1 integron of Salmonella in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). A total of 221 Salmonella strains were isolated from different stages of three WWTPs. After the susceptibility testing, high frequency of resistance was observed for tetracycline (TET, 47.5% of isolates) and sulfamethoxazole (SMZ, 38.5%), followed by ampicillin (AMP, 25.3%), streptomycin (STP, 17.6%), chloramphenicol (CHL, 15.4%), and gentamicin (GEN, 11.3%). Low prevalence of resistance was detected for norfloxacin (0.45%), ciprofloxacin (0.9%), and cefotaxime (0.9%). The tetA and sul3 genes were most frequently detected among the Salmonella isolates. Statistically significant correlations among AMP, CHL, GEN, and STP resistances were observed. High detection frequencies of Class 1 integron were observed in double antibiotic-resistant and multiple-antibiotic-resistant (MAR) Salmonella, which were 94.3% and 85.7%, respectively. The proliferation of MAR Salmonella and transfer of ARGs occurred in WWTPs. Class 1 integron plays a crucial role in the evolution of MAR Salmonella during WWTPs.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos , Integrons , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Salmonella
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