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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 149: 109618, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729251

RESUMO

An eight-week feeding trial was designed to assess which component of commensal Bacillus siamensis LF4 can mitigate SBM-induced enteritis and microbiota dysbiosis in spotted seabass (Lateolabrax maculatus) based on TLRs-MAPKs/NF-кB signaling pathways. Fish continuously fed low SBM (containing 16 % SBM) and high SBM (containing 40 % SBM) diets were used as positive (FM group) and negative (SBM group) control, respectively. After feeding high SBM diet for 28 days, fish were supplemented with B. siamensis LF4-derived whole cell wall (CW), cell wall protein (CWP), lipoteichoic acid (LTA) or peptidoglycan (PGN) until 56 days. The results showed that a high inclusion of SBM in the diet caused enteritis, characterized with significantly (P < 0.05) decreased muscular thickness, villus height, villus width, atrophied and loosely arranged microvillus. Moreover, high SBM inclusion induced an up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and a down-regulation of occludin, E-cadherin, anti-inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis related genes and antimicrobial peptides. However, dietary supplementation with CW, LTA, and PGN of B. siamensis LF4 could effectively alleviate enteritis caused by a high level of dietary SBM. Additionally, CWP and PGN administration increased beneficial Cetobacterium and decreased pathogenic Plesiomonas and Brevinema, while dietary LTA decreased Plesiomonas and Brevinema, suggesting that CWP, LTA and PGN positively modulated intestinal microbiota in spotted seabass. Furthermore, CW, LTA, and PGN application significantly stimulated TLR2, TLR5 and MyD88 expressions, and inhibited the downstream p38 and NF-κB signaling. Taken together, these results suggest that LTA and PGN from B. siamensis LF4 could alleviate soybean meal-induced enteritis and microbiota dysbiosis in L. maculatus, and p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathways might be involved in those processes.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Bacillus , Dieta , Disbiose , Enterite , Doenças dos Peixes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Glycine max , Lipopolissacarídeos , Peptidoglicano , Ácidos Teicoicos , Animais , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Ração Animal/análise , Enterite/veterinária , Enterite/imunologia , Enterite/microbiologia , Disbiose/veterinária , Disbiose/imunologia , Bacillus/fisiologia , Bacillus/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta/veterinária , Glycine max/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ácidos Teicoicos/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/administração & dosagem , Bass/imunologia , Probióticos/farmacologia , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Distribuição Aleatória
2.
Chem Sci ; 15(3): 1123-1131, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239697

RESUMO

Exploring economical, efficient, and stable electrocatalysts for the seawater hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is highly desirable but is challenging. In this study, a Mo cation doped Ni0.85Se/MoSe2 heterostructural electrocatalyst, Mox-Ni0.85Se/MoSe2, was successfully prepared by simultaneously doping Mo cations into the Ni0.85Se lattice (Mox-Ni0.85Se) and growing atomic MoSe2 nanosheets epitaxially at the edge of the Mox-Ni0.85Se. Such an Mox-Ni0.85Se/MoSe2 catalyst requires only 110 mV to drive current densities of 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline simulated seawater, and shows almost no obvious degradation after 80 h at 20 mA cm-2. The experimental results, combined with the density functional theory calculations, reveal that the Mox-Ni0.85Se/MoSe2 heterostructure will generate an interfacial electric field to facilitate the electron transfer, thus reducing the water dissociation barrier. Significantly, the heteroatomic Mo-doping in the Ni0.85Se can regulate the local electronic configuration of the Mox-Ni0.85Se/MoSe2 heterostructure catalyst by altering the coordination environment and orbital hybridization, thereby weakening the bonding interaction between the Cl and Se/Mo. This synergistic effect for the Mox-Ni0.85Se/MoSe2 heterostructure will simultaneously enhance the catalytic activity and durability, without poisoning or corrosion of the chloride ions.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 145: 109370, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216004

RESUMO

Live commensal Bacillus siamensis LF4 showed reparative potentials against high SM-induced negative effects, but whether its paraprobiotic (heat-killed B. siamensis, HKBS) and postbiotic (cell-free supernatant, CFS) forms had reparative functions and potential mechanisms are not yet known. In this study, the reparative functions of HKBS and CFS were investigated by establishing an injured model of spotted seabass (Lateolabrax maculatus) treated with dietary high soybean meal (SM). The results showed that HKBS and CFS effectively mitigated growth suppression, immune deficiency, and liver injury induced by dietary high SM. Simultaneously, HKBS and CFS application positively shaped intestinal microbiota by increased the abundance of beneficial bacteria (Fusobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, and Cetobacterium) and decreased harmful bacteria (Proteobacteria and Plesiomonasare). Additionally, HKBS and CFS improved SM-induced intestinal injury by restoring intestinal morphology, upregulating the expression of tight junction proteins, anti-inflammatory cytokines, antimicrobial peptides, downregulating the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptotic proteins. Furthermore, HKBS and CFS intervention significantly activated TLR2, TLR5 and MyD88 signaling, and eventually inhibited p38 and NF-κB pathways. In conclusion, paraprobiotic (HKBS) and postbiotic (CFS) from B. siamensis LF4 can improve growth, immunity, repair liver and intestinal injury, and shape intestinal microbiota in L. maculatus fed high soybean meal diet, and TLRs/p38 MAPK/NF-κB signal pathways might be involved in those processes. These results will serve as a base for future application of paraprobiotics and postbiotics to prevent and repair SM-induced adverse effects in fish aquaculture.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bass , NF-kappa B , Animais , Farinha , Dieta , Fígado/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise
4.
Biology (Basel) ; 13(1)2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38275729

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas9 systems are commonly used for plant genome editing; however, the generation of homozygous mutant lines in Medicago truncatula remains challenging. Here, we present a CRISPR/Cas9-based protocol that allows the efficient generation of M. truncatula mutants. Gene editing was performed for the LysM receptor kinase gene MtLYK10 and two major facilitator superfamily transporter genes. The functionality of CRISPR/Cas9 vectors was tested in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves by editing a co-transformed GUSPlus gene. Transformed M. truncatula leaf explants were regenerated to whole plants at high efficiency (80%). An editing efficiency (frequency of mutations at a given target site) of up to 70% was reached in the regenerated plants. Plants with MtLYK10 knockout mutations were propagated, and three independent homozygous mutant lines were further characterized. No off-target mutations were identified in these lyk10 mutants. Finally, the lyk10 mutants and wild-type plants were compared with respect to the formation of root nodules induced by nitrogen-fixing Sinorhizobium meliloti bacteria. Nodule formation was considerably delayed in the three lyk10 mutant lines. Surprisingly, the size of the rare nodules in mutant plants was higher than in wild-type plants. In conclusion, the symbiotic characterization of lyk10 mutants generated with the developed CRISPR/Cas9 protocol indicated a role of MtLYK10 in nodule formation.

5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 141: 109010, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598736

RESUMO

ß-conglycinin is a recognized factor in leading to intestinal inflammation and limiting application of soybean meal in aquaculture. Our previous study reported that heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 could effectively mitigate inflammatory response and apoptosis caused by ß-conglycinin in spotted seabass (Lateolabrax maculatus) enterocytes, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In the present study, therefore, whole cell wall (CW), peptidoglycan (PG) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and cell-free supernatant (CFS) have been collected from B. siamensis LF4 and their mitigative function on ß-conglycinin-induced adverse impacts and mechanisms underlying were evaluated. The results showed that ß-conglycinin-induced cell injury, characterized with significantly decreased cell viability and increased activities of lactate dehydrogenase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic propylic transaminase (P < 0.05), were reversed by subsequent heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 and its CW, LTA, PG and CFS treatment. Enterocytes co-cultured with heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 and its CW, LTA, PG and CFS (especially PG) significantly increased expressions of anti-inflammatory genes (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß1), tight junction proteins (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-b) and antimicrobial peptides (ß-defensin, hepcidin-1, NK-lysin and piscidin-5), and decreased expressions of pro-inflammatory genes (IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α) and apoptosis-related genes (caspase 3, caspase 8 and caspase 9) (P < 0.05), indicating their excellent mitigation effects on ß-conglycinin-induced cell damages. In addition, heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 and its CW, LTA, PG and CFS significantly increased TLR2 mRNA level (especially in PG treatment), and decreased MAPKs (JNK, ERK, p38 and AP-1) and NF-κB related genes expressions. In conclusion, heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 and its CW, LTA, PG and CFS could modulating TLR2/MAPKs/NF-κB signaling and alleviating ß-conglycinin-induced enterocytes injury in spotted seabass (L. maculatus), and PG presented the best potential.

6.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 137: 108797, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37149232

RESUMO

ß-conglycinin and glycinin, two major heat-stable anti-nutritional factors in soybean meal (SM), have been suggested as the key inducers of intestinal inflammation in aquatic animals. In the present study, a spotted seabass intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were used to compare the inflammation-inducing effects of ß-conglycinin and glycinin. The results showed that IECs co-cultured with 1.0 mg/mL ß-conglycinin for 12 h or 1.5 mg/mL glycinin for 24 h significantly decreased the cell viability (P < 0.05), and overstimulated inflammation and apoptosis response by significantly down-regulating anti-inflammatory genes (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß1) expressions and significantly up-regulated pro-inflammatory genes (IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α) and apoptosis genes (caspase 3, caspase 8 and caspase 9) expressions (P < 0.05). Subsequently, a ß-conglycinin based inflammation IECs model was established and used for demonstrating whether commensal probiotic B. siamensis LF4 can ameliorate the adverse effects of ß-conglycinin. The results showed ß-conglycinin-induced cell viability damage was completely repaired by treated with 109 cells/mL heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 for ≥12 h. At the same time, IECs co-cultured with 109 cells/mL heat-killed B. siamensis LF4 for 24 h significantly ameliorated ß-conglycinin-induced inflammation and apoptosis by up-regulating anti-inflammatory genes (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß1) expressions and down-regulated pro-inflammatory genes (IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α) and apoptosis genes (caspase 3, caspase 8 and caspase 9) expressions (P < 0.05). In summary, both ß-conglycinin and glycinin can lead to inflammation and apoptosis in spotted seabass IECs, and ß-conglycinin is more effective; commensal B. siamensis LF4 can efficiently ameliorate ß-conglycinin induced inflammation and apoptosis in IECs.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Caspase 9 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Caspase 8 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-2 , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-8 , Proteínas de Soja/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/veterinária , Inflamação/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo
7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 134: 108634, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36828198

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play an important role in modulating intestinal microbiota, and our previous study showed that autochthonous Baccilus siamensis LF4 could shape the intestinal microbiota of spotted seabass (Lateolabrax maculatus). In the present study, a spotted seabass intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) model was used to investigate whether autochthonous B. siamensis LF4 could modulate the expression of AMPs in IECs. And then, the IECs were treated with active, heat-inactivated LF4 and its supernatant to illustrate their AMPs inducing effects and the possible signal transduction mechanisms. The results showed that after 3 h of incubation with 108 CFU/mL B. siamensis LF4, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic propylic transaminase (GPT) activities in supernatant decreased significantly and obtained minimum values, while supernatant alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity, ß-defensin protein level and IECs Na+/K+-ATPase activity, AMPs (ß-defensin, hepcidin-1, NK-lysin, piscidin-5) genes expression increased significantly and obtained maximum values (P < 0.05). Further study demonstrated that the active, heat-inactivated LF4 and its supernatant treatments could effectively decrease the LDH, GOT, and GPT activities in IECs supernatant, increase AKP activity and ß-defensin (except LF4 supernatant treatment) protein level in IECs supernatant and Na+/K+-ATPase and AMPs genes expression in IECs. Treatment with active and heat-inactivated B. siamensis LF4 resulted in significantly up-regulated the expressions of TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR5, NOD1, NOD2, TIRAP, MyD88, IRAK1, IRAK4, TRAF6, TAB1, TAB2, ERK, JNK, p38, AP-1, IKKα, IKKß and NF-κB genes. Treatment with B. siamensis LF4 supernatant also resulted in up-regulated these genes, but not the genes (ERK, JNK, p38, and AP-1) in MAPKs pathway. In summary, active, heat-inactivated and supernatant of B. siamensis LF4 can efficiently induce AMPs expression through activating the TLRs/NLRs-MyD88-dependent signaling, active and heat-inactivated LF4 activated both the downstream MAPKs and NF-κB pathways, while LF4 supernatant only activated NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , beta-Defensinas , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , beta-Defensinas/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(2): 209-12, 2023 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36808517

RESUMO

The treatment ideas with acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are explored on the base of Dongyuan needling technology. Regarding the rules of acupoint selection, Zusanli (ST 36) is predominant, the back-shu points are used for the disorders related to the invasion of exogenous factors, and the front-mu points are for the cases caused by internal injury. Besides, the xing-spring points and shu-stream points are preferred. In treatment of KOA, besides the local points, the front-mu points, i.e. Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25) and Guanyuan (CV 4), are selected specially to tonifying the spleen and stomach. The earth points and acupoints on the earth meridians (i.e. Yinlingquan [SP 9], Xuehai [SP 10], Liangqiu [ST 34], Dubi [ST 35], Zusanli [ST 36] and Yanglingquan [GB 34]) are optional to coordinate yin and yang, essence and qi , and regulate the qi movement of spleen and stomach. The shu-stream points of liver, spleen and kidney meridians (Taichong [LR 3], Taibai [SP 3] and Taixi [KI 3]) are chosen to promote meridian circulation and regulate zangfu functions.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Baço
9.
J Affect Disord ; 323: 723-730, 2023 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is a multifactorial condition related to glial cells and neurons activation, and it is implicated in CNS disorders including depression. BDNF is a crucial molecule that related to the pathology of depression, and it is the target of DNA methylation. DNA hydroxymethylation, an active demethylation process can convert 5-mC to 5-hmC by Tets catalyzation to regulate gene transcription. The regulatory function for BDNF gene in response to neuroinflammation remains poorly understood. METHODS: Neuroinflammation and depressive-like behaviors were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration in mice. The microglial activation and cellular 5-hmC localization in the hippocampus were confirmed by immunostaining. The transcripts of Tets and BDNF were examined by qPCR method. The global 5-hmC levels and enrichment of 5-hmC in BDNF gene in the hippocampus were analyzed using dot bolt and hMeDIP-sequencing analysis. RESULTS: LPS administration induced a spectrum of depression-like behaviors (including behavioral despair and anhedonia) and increased expression of Iba-1, a marker for microglia activation, in hippocampus, demonstrating that LPS treatment cloud provide stable model of neuroinflammation with depressive-like behaviors as expected. Our results showed that Tet1, Tet2 and Tet3 mRNA expressions and consequent global 5-hmC levels were significantly decreased in the hippocampus of LPS group compared to saline group. We also demonstrated that 5-hmC fluorescence in the hippocampus located in excitatory neurons identified by CaMK II immunostaining. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the enrichment of 5-hmC in BDNF gene was decreased and corresponding BDNF mRNA was down-regulated in the hippocampus in LPS group compared to saline group. CONCLUSION: Neuroinflammation-triggered aberrant BDNF gene hydroxymethylation in the hippocampus is an important epigenetic element that relates with depression-like behaviors.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Depressão , Camundongos , Animais , Depressão/genética , Depressão/metabolismo , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Lipopolissacarídeos , Hipocampo/metabolismo
10.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1034230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466271

RESUMO

Nod factors secreted by nitrogen-fixing rhizobia are lipo-chitooligosaccharidic signals required for establishment of the nodule symbiosis with legumes. In Medicago truncatula, the Nod factor hydrolase 1 (MtNFH1) was found to cleave Nod factors of Sinorhizobium meliloti. Here, we report that the class V chitinase MtCHIT5b of M. truncatula expressed in Escherichia coli can release lipodisaccharides from Nod factors. Analysis of M. truncatula mutant plants indicated that MtCHIT5b, together with MtNFH1, degrades S. meliloti Nod factors in the rhizosphere. MtCHIT5b expression was induced by treatment of roots with purified Nod factors or inoculation with rhizobia. MtCHIT5b with a fluorescent tag was detected in the infection pocket of root hairs. Nodulation of a MtCHIT5b knockout mutant was not significantly altered whereas overexpression of MtCHIT5b resulted in fewer nodules. Reduced nodulation was observed when MtCHIT5b and MtNFH1 were simultaneously silenced in RNA interference experiments. Overall, this study shows that nodule formation of M. truncatula is regulated by a second Nod factor cleaving hydrolase in addition to MtNFH1.

11.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 38(4): 357-366, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931758

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of PAX9 on the progression of cervical cancer (CC). PAX9 expression was quantified in CC tissues and adjacent normal tissues, as well as human CC cell lines and human cervical epithelial cells (HCerEpiC). PAX9-overexpression lentiviral vectors were transfected into CC cell lines, followed by the measurement of proliferation and apoptosis and the quantification of apoptosis-related proteins. In vivo, mice were subcutaneously injected with CaSki cells transfected with PAX9-overexpression lentiviral vectors and control vectors. Then, the volume and weight of tumors were measured followed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining, and immunohistochemistry. PAX9 expression in the CC tissues was lower than that in the adjacent normal tissues, which was correlated with the FIGO stage, tumor size, infiltration depth, parametrium invasion, lympho-vascular space invasion tumor-positive lymph nodes, and prognosis. Furthermore, PAX9 in CC cell lines was also lower than in HCerEpiC. PAX9 inhibits the CC cell proliferation and promotes the apoptosis, with the up-regulations of caspase-3, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and Bax and the down-regulation of Bcl-2. In vivo experiments demonstrated that in the PAX9 group, the tumor weight and volume were lower than those in the vector group accompanying the decreased Ki-67, cleaved-caspase-3, and Bax expressions and the increased TUNEL and Bcl-2 expression. PAX9 was lowly expressed in the CC tissues and associated with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. PAX9 could inhibit proliferation of CC cell lines and promote the apoptosis, thus suppressing the tumor growth in vivo, indicating its potential therapeutic role for CC treatment.


Assuntos
Genes Supressores de Tumor , Fator de Transcrição PAX9 , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição PAX9/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX9/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
12.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 3513-3523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116670

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Respiratory viruses are important etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, the impact of different RVs on the outcomes of CAP is not well elucidated. This study aims to compare the clinical features and severity of influenza (Flu-p) and non-influenza respiratory viruses-related pneumonia (NIRVs-p) onset in the community among immunocompetent adults. METHODS: The data of the patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed RVs-p were retrospectively reviewed from five teaching hospitals in China from January 2013 to May 2019. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes between Flu-p and NIRVs-p. RESULTS: A total of 1079 patients with Flu-p and 341 patients with NIRVs-p were included in this study. A multivariate logistic regression model revealed chronic pulmonary disease [odd ratio (OR) 0.341, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.225-0.515, p < 0.001], solid malignant tumor (OR 0.330, 95% CI 0.163-0.668, p = 0.002), myalgia (OR 1.697, 95% CI 1.236-2.330, p < 0.001), lymphocytes <0.8×109/L (OR 10.811, 95% CI 6.949-16.818, p < 0.001) and blood albumin <35 g/L (OR 0.327, 95% CI 0.242-0.442, p < 0.001) were predictors for Flu-p. After adjusting for confounders, the multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that influenza B-related pneumonia (FluB-p) (OR 0.419, 95% CI 0.272-0.646, p < 0.001) and NIRVs-p (OR 0.260, 95% CI 0.158-0.467, p < 0.001) were associated with a decreased risk of 30-day mortality compared with the influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that patients with FluA-p experience a more severe disease than those with FluB-p and NIRVs-p. Some clinical features are helpful to distinguish between NIRVs-p and Flu-p.

14.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 42, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inconsistencies exist regarding the severity of illness caused by different influenza strains. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of hospitalized adults and adolescents with influenza-related pneumonia (Flu-p) from type A and type B strains in China. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from Flu-p patients in five hospitals in China from January 2013 to May 2019. Multivariate logistic and Cox regression models were used to assess the effects of influenza virus subtypes on clinical outcomes, and to explore the risk factors of 30-day mortality for Flu-p patients. RESULTS: In total, 963 laboratory-confirmed influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p) and 386 influenza B-related pneumonia (FluB-p) patients were included. Upon adjustment for confounders, multivariate logistic regression models showed that FluA-p was associated with an increased risk of invasive ventilation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 3.824, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.279-6.414; P <  0.001), admittance to intensive care unit (aOR: 1.630, 95% CI: 1.074-2.473, P = 0.022) and 30-day mortality (aOR: 2.427, 95% CI: 1.568-3.756, P <  0.001) compared to FluB-p. Multivariate Cox regression models confirmed that influenza A virus infection (hazard ratio: 2.637, 95% CI: 1.134-6.131, P = 0.024) was an independent predictor for 30-day mortality in Flu-p patients. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of illness and clinical outcomes of FluA-p patients are more severe than FluB-p. This highlights the importance of identifying the virus strain during the management of severe influenza.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A/fisiologia , Vírus da Influenza B/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/complicações , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Vírus da Influenza B/classificação , Vírus da Influenza B/genética , Vírus da Influenza B/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/terapia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pneumonia/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estações do Ano
15.
EMBO Mol Med ; 12(4): e10895, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134197

RESUMO

Internal tandem duplication of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3/ITD) occurs in about 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is associated with poor response to conventional treatment and adverse outcome. Here, we reported that human FLT3/ITD expression led to axis duplication and dorsalization in about 50% of zebrafish embryos. The morphologic phenotype was accompanied by ectopic expression of a morphogen follistatin (fst) during early embryonic development. Increase in fst expression also occurred in adult FLT3/ITD-transgenic zebrafish, Flt3/ITD knock-in mice, and human FLT3/ITD AML cells. Overexpression of human FST317 and FST344 isoforms enhanced clonogenicity and leukemia engraftment in xenotransplantation model via RET, IL2RA, and CCL5 upregulation. Specific targeting of FST by shRNA, CRISPR/Cas9, or antisense oligo inhibited leukemic growth in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, serum FST positively correlated with leukemia engraftment in FLT3/ITD AML patient-derived xenograft mice and leukemia blast percentage in primary AML patients. In FLT3/ITD AML patients treated with FLT3 inhibitor quizartinib, serum FST levels correlated with clinical response. These observations supported FST as a novel therapeutic target and biomarker in FLT3/ITD AML.


Assuntos
Folistatina , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Benzotiazóis/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Embrião não Mamífero , Folistatina/sangue , Duplicação Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Mutação , Transplante de Neoplasias , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia
16.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 35(12): 739-749, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400059

RESUMO

To explore the possible influence of deleted in malignant brain tumor 1 (DMBT1) in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). DMBT1 expression was detected by Real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry in CSCC and adjacent normal tissues from 167 CSCC patients, and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis was analyzed. Besides, the in vitro experiments, including MTT, Cell-Light EdU, Wound-healing, Transwell invasion, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, qRT-PCR, and Western blot, were performed in SiHa and CaSKi cells, which were both divided into Blank, Vector, and DMBT1 groups. The mRNA level and the positive expression rate of DMBT1 in CSCC tissues were lower than the adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, DMBT1 positive rate was linked to FIGO stage, tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis, and tumor differentiation of CSCC. Besides, patients with positive DMBT1 expression had higher 5-year survival rate than those negative ones. According to the in vitro experiments, SiHa and CaSKi cells with overexpressed DMBT1 showed the inhibition of proliferative ability and the enhancement of apoptosis with the upregulated pro-apoptosis proteins (Bax and Cleaved caspase-3) and down-regulated anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2. Moreover, compared with Blank group, DMBT1 group presented decrease in the migration and invasion of SiHa and CaSKi cells with the down-expression of interstitial markers (N-cadherin and Vimentin) and the up-expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin. DMBT1 was decreased in CSCC, whereas its overexpression can not only inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion, but induce the apoptosis of human CSCC cells, being a novel strategy for CSCC treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Cicatrização/genética , Cicatrização/fisiologia
17.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(4): 338-343, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term survival and late cardiovascular events in patients with atrial myxoma after surgical intervention. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 403 patients undergoing resection of atrial myxoma from January 2002 to December 2016 was conducted with a median follow-up period of 4.5 (range: 0.5-15) years. RESULTS: The cross-clamp time and cardiopulmonary bypass times were 41.1 ± 21.4 and 65.2 ± 27.3 min, respectively. A diagnosis of myxoma was histopathologically confirmed in all cases. The early in-hospital mortality rate was 0.7% (n = 3). During the follow-up period, tumor recurrence occurred in six patients and cerebral infarction in nine. There were 48 (11.9%) patients with late onset atrial fibrillation (AF). By multivariate analysis, age (HR = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.02-1.09, P < 0.001), left atrial diameter (HR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.08-1.36, P = 0.012), and mitral valve surgery (HR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.29, P = 0.027) were independent predictors of late onset AF. Twenty-one (5.2%) patients died during the follow-up period. Advanced age (HR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.04-1.10, P = 0.003) and multiple surgical procedures (HR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.06-1.29, P = 0.012) were significantly associated with overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Atrial myxoma can be resected with good long-term survival. Late onset AF is common after surgery in patients with atrial myxoma. Advanced age, left atrial diameter, and mitral valve surgery were independent predictors of outcomes.

18.
J Affect Disord ; 252: 373-381, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral habenula nucleus (LHb) has recently been noted for its role in stress-induced depressive disorder. Yet little is known about the mechanisms by which external stimuli or depression induces pathological alteration in the LHb. METHODS: Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) was employed to model depressive-like behaviors in adult rats. We examined expressions of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) mRNA and protein and global DNA methylation levels in LHb of CUMS-induced depressive rats. Then 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza), a Dnmts inhibitor, was infused into the LHb of native rats to test the effects of hypomethylation in the LHb. The gene expressions in the LHb and the levels of 5-HT and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) were examined in 5-aza infusion rats by quantitative real-time PCR and high performance liquid chromatography, respectively. RESULTS: Rats were exposed to CUMS for 21 days and depressive-like behaviors were induced as expected. We observed significant decrease in mRNA and protein expressions of Dnmt1 and DNA hypomethylation in LHb of depressive rats. These phenomenon suggests that CUMS-induced depressive-like behaviors are related with DNA hypomethylation in the LHb. Local 5-aza infusion into LHb of native rat resulted in global DNA hypomethylation in the LHb and induced depressive-like behaviors which are featured with lack of interest and investment in the environment, behavioral despair and anhedonia. Moreover, DNA hypomethylation in the LHb increased transcription of ß calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II and glutamate receptor 1 in the LHb and attenuated the levels of 5-HT and 5-HIAA in the DRN. Our data suggested that alteration of DNA methylation in the LHb may control 5-HT neuronal activity in the DRN to regulate emotional state. CONCLUSIONS: DNA hypomethylation in the LHb is involved in the development of depressive-like behavior and suitable methylation state contributes to the emotional stabilization.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Decitabina/farmacologia , Transtorno Depressivo/genética , Habenula/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/genética , Animais , Ácido Hidroxi-Indolacético/metabolismo , Masculino , Neurônios/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611888

RESUMO

Aquaculture jeopardizes the aquatic environment by discharge of the most dietary phosphorus (P) into the water. Reducing the dietary P level is a common approach for decreasing the P discharge but it may result in increased risk of P deficiency leading to vertebral deformities. However, the molecular mechanism of vertebral deformities is poorly understood. We assessed vertebral transcriptome and compared the genes associated with bone metabolism in Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus) fed three diets containing different P and Ca levels including: diet I (0.4% P, 0.3% Ca), diet II (0.8% P, 0.3% Ca) and diet III (0.8% P, 3% Ca). The results showed that P deficiency reduces the ossification of vertebrae and induces visible vertebral deformities. Moreover, 256 gens were up-regulated and 125 genes were down-regulated in fish fed P deficient diets. Furthermore, administration of the diet with adequate P and Ca excess (diet III) resulted in the significant enhancement in expression of 19 genes and reduced expression of 93 genes. Comparing group II with group III, expression of 109 genes was up-regulated and expression of 1369 genes was down-regulated. Gene ontology enrichment analysis revealed significant alterations in biological functions by P deficiency. In summary, these findings indicated that both dietary P shortage and Ca excess lead to reduced differentiation and proliferation of osteoblast and induce a higher activity of osteoclastogenesis, which could subsequently impair vertebral mineralization and cause skeletal deformities.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Cálcio/análise , Peixes/genética , Fósforo/análise , Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoclastos/citologia , Fósforo/administração & dosagem , Fósforo/deficiência , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Coluna Vertebral/citologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28822867

RESUMO

Fish farming seriously influences the aquatic environment because most dietary phosphorus (P) is excreted in the effluent. To increase the P utilization in fish, molecular techniques should be explored given the remarkable development of these techniques. Thus, to identify the candidate genes related to P utilization and molecular alterations following administration of a P-deficient diet in seabass Lateolabrax japonicus, we assessed the de novo pituitary, gill, intestine, liver, kidney, scales and vertebra transcriptomes, and we compared the expression of hepatic genes with three diets varying in P and Ca levels: diet I (0.4% P, 0.3% Ca), diet II (0.8% P, 0.3% Ca), and diet III (0.8% P, 3% Ca). In total, we identified 99,392 unigenes, and 37,086 (37.31%) unigenes were annotated. The results showed that 48 unigenes were significantly (P<0.05) up-regulated, while 55 genes were significantly down-regulated in the liver of group I compared with group II. Offering the P-sufficient and high Ca diet, diet III significantly up-regulated 24 unigenes and down-regulated 46 genes in the liver. There were significant differences in the regulation of 8 unigenes (3 up-regulated and 5 down-regulated) between groups II and III. Gene ontology (GO) functional enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of differently expressed genes were performed for each pair of groups. The GO analysis showed that a large number of biological processes were significantly altered between P-deficient and P-sufficient treatments (I vs II and I vs III). Comparing group I and group II, seven KEGG terms were enriched significantly: glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, one carbon pool by folate, arginine and proline metabolism, the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, fatty acid elongation, drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, and fatty acid metabolism. There was no significantly enriched KEGG pathway between groups II and III. In conclusion, our study revealed that a P-deficient diet could increase catabolism and decrease anabolism of protein, as highlighted by low protein efficiency in fish fed the P-deficient diet. Furthermore, P-deficiency could motivate the biosynthesis of fatty acids. However, the dietary Ca level had no significant effect on the growth and expression of hepatic genes in L. japonicus.


Assuntos
Bass/metabolismo , Cálcio da Dieta/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Fósforo na Dieta/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/fisiologia , Animais , Bass/genética , Bass/fisiologia , Cálcio da Dieta/análise , Proteínas Alimentares/química , Proteínas Alimentares/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Fígado/química , Fósforo/deficiência , Fósforo na Dieta/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transcriptoma/genética
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