Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 142
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170882, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342465

RESUMO

Manganese is one of the essential trace elements for plants to maintain normal life activities. Soil fumigation, while effectively controlling soil-borne diseases, can also improve the cycling of soil nutrient elements. MiSeq amplicon sequencing is used to determine the composition of soil microbial communities, and structural equation modeling and the random forest algorithm are employed to conduct a correlation analysis between key manganese-oxidizing microorganisms and soil manganese availability. This experiment investigated the microbial mechanisms behind the observed increase in available manganese in soil after fumigation. The key findings revealed that Bacillus, GeoBacillus, GraciliBacillus, Chungangia, and Pseudoxanthomonas play crucial roles in influencing the variation in soil available manganese content. Fumigation was found to elevate the abundance of Bacillus. Moreover, laccase activity emerged as another significant factor impacting soil manganese availability, showing an indirect correlation with available manganese content and contributing to 58 % of the observed variation in available manganese content. In summary, alterations in the communities of manganese-oxidizing microorganisms following soil fumigation are pivotal for enhancing soil manganese availability.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Microbiota , Solanum lycopersicum , Solo/química , Bactérias , Manganês , Fumigação , Oxirredução , Microbiologia do Solo
2.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24240, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304800

RESUMO

By controlling the 800 nm fs laser energy and applying an isopropyl alcohol environment, controlled sub-diffraction limited lithography with a characteristic structure of approximately 30 nm was achieved on the surface of diamond films, and diamond gratings with a period of 200 nm were fabricated. The fabrication of single grooves with a feature size of 30 nm demonstrates the potential for patterning periodic or nonperiodic structures, and the fabrication of 200 nm periodic grating structures demonstrates the ability of the technique to withstand laser proximity effects. This enhances the technology of diamond film nanofabrication and broadens its potential applications in areas such as optoelectronics and biology.

3.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 45, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38287330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of programmed cell death, has been implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of several cancers. However, the significance of pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains unclear. METHODS: Transcriptome and clinical data of PTC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. The expression patterns of PRGs were identified by consensus clustering. A prognostic model for predicting the thyroid cancer-free interval (TCFi) employed five machine learning methods. Enrichment and immune-related analyses were performed to elucidate the role of pyroptosis. The responses to radioactive iodine (RAI), immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), molecular targeted therapy (MTT), and chemotherapy (CTx) were predicted based on pyroptosis-derived features. Additionally, the expression of prognostic PRGs was validated via six external datasets, 16 cell lines, and 20 pairs of clinical samples. RESULTS: PTC patients were classified into three PyroClusters, C1 exhibited BRFA-like tumors with the highest invasiveness and the worst prognosis, C2 presented RAS-like tumors, and C3 was characterized by gene fusion. Nine PRGs (CXCL8, GJA1, H2BC8, IFI27, PRDM1, PYCARD, SEZ6L2, SIGLEC15, TRAF6) were filtered out to construct a PyroScore prognostic model. A derived nomogram demonstrated superior predictive performance than four clinical staging systems. A strong correlation between pyroptosis and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) remodeling was observed in mechanistic analyses. Patients with a high PyroScore exhibited "hot" tumor immunophenotypes and had a poorer prognosis but could benefit more from ICIs and CTx (such as paclitaxel). Patients with a low PyroScore were more sensitive to RAI and MTT (such as pazopanib and sorafenib). CONCLUSIONS: PyroScore model can effectively predict TCFi in patients with PTC. Dysregulated expression of PRGs is associated with the TIME modeling. Pyroptosis features have potential significance for developing novel therapeutic strategies for PTC patients.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 341: 122791, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37940016

RESUMO

Fusarium oxysporum is an important phytopathogenic fungus, it can be controlled by the soil fumigant methyl isothiocyanate (MITC). However, the antimicrobial mechanism of MITC against F. oxysporum, especially at the transcriptional level, is still unclear. In this experiment, the antimicrobial mechanism of MITC against F. oxysporum was investigated. Our results indicated that when F. oxysporum was exposed to 6 mg/L MITC for 12 h, the inhibitory rate of MITC on F. oxysporum was 80%. Transmission electron microscopes showed that the cell wall and membrane of F. oxysporum had shrunk and folded, vacuoles increased, and mitochondria swelled and deformed. In addition, the enzyme activity of F. oxysporum treated with MITC showed a decrease of 32.50%, 8.28% and 74.04% in catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase, respectively. Transcriptome sequencing of F. oxysporum was performed and the results showed that 1478 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were produced in response to MITC exposure. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the DEGs identified were involved in substance and energy metabolism, signal transduction, transport and catalysis. MITC disrupted cell homeostasis by influencing the expression of some key genes involved in chitin synthase and detoxification enzymes production, but F. oxysporum also protected itself by up-regulating genes involved in energy synthesis (such as upregulating acnA, CS and LSC2 in TCA). qRT-PCR data validated the reliability of transcriptome data. Our research used biochemical and genetic techniques to identify molecular lesions in the mycelia of F. oxysporum exposed to MITC, and provide valuable insights into the toxic mechanism of pathogenic fungi mediated by MITC. These techniques are also likely to be useful for rapidly screening and identifying new, environmentally-friendly soil fumigants that are efficacious against fungal pathogens.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Praguicidas , Antifúngicos , Solo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1301620, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38125796

RESUMO

Background: Despite improvements in overall survival, the recurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is becoming more common and remains a challenge necessitating accurate reappraisal of the patient. This study aimed to describe the characteristics, reasons, morbidity, and strategies of second operations for DTC. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of patients with DTC who underwent a second surgery between June 2008 and June 2021 in the Department of Thyroid Surgery at China-Japanese Union Hospital, Jilin University, P.R. China. All clinical characteristics were recorded, and the analysis was estimated using SPSS. Results: Second surgeries were detected in 683 patients. The proportion of second operations changed with the update of international guidelines from 2015 (P < 0.001). The true recurrence rate progressively increased from 21.3% to 61.5%. The rate of an "absence of preoperative FNA" or an "absence of intraoperative pathology at first surgery" decreased from 49.8% to 12.7%, while that of a "misdiagnosis of preoperative FNA at second surgery" decreased from 10% to 1.8%. The most common tumor location during the second surgery was the lateral lymph nodes (n = 104, 36.5%), with a median time to relapse of 36 months. Completion of thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection correlated with the second operation. Conclusion: After 2015, second surgeries were more standardized, the incidence of complications decreased, and real recurrence became the most common reason for a second DTC surgery.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular , Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Esvaziamento Cervical , Recidiva , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1267389, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37822738

RESUMO

Introduction: Temporin-GHa obtained from the frog Hylarana guentheri showed bactericidal efficacy against Streptococcus mutans. To enhance its antibacterial activity, the derived peptides GHaR and GHa11R were designed, and their antibacterial performance, antibiofilm efficacy and potential in the inhibition of dental caries were evaluated. Methods: Bacterial survival assay, fluorescent staining assay and transmission electron microscopy observation were applied to explore how the peptides inhibited and killed S. mutans. The antibiofilm efficacy was assayed by examining exopolysaccharide (EPS) and lactic acid production, bacterial adhesion and cell surface hydrophobicity. The gene expression level of virulence factors of S. mutans was detected by qRT-PCR. Finally, the impact of the peptides on the caries induced ability of S. mutans was measured using a rat caries model. Results: It has been shown that the peptides inhibited biofilm rapid accumulation by weakening the initial adhesion of S. mutans and reducing the production of EPS. Meanwhile, they also decreased bacterial acidogenicity and aciduricity, and ultimately prevented caries development in vivo. Conclusion: GHaR and GHa11R might be promising candidates for controlling S. mutans infections.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 460: 132268, 2023 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37619272

RESUMO

The prevention and control of root-knot nematode disease has been posing a severe challenge worldwide. Fumigant dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) has excellent biological activity against nematodes. However, DMDS displays significant differences in contact and fumigation toxicity on nematodes. The specific regulatory mechanisms of DMDS on nematodes were investigated by characterizing the ultrastructure of nematodes, examining the physiological and biochemical indicators, and conducting transcriptome high-throughput sequencing. As indicated by the results, DMDS fumigation exhibited the biological activity of against M. incognita 121 times higher than DMDS contact. DMDS contact destroyed nematode body wall cells. Besides, DMDS fumigation destroyed the structure of pseudocoelom. DMDS treatment expedited the oxygen consumption of nematode while inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity. As indicated by the analysis of vital signaling pathways based on transcriptome, DMDS based on the contact mode penetrated directly into the nematode through the body wall and subsequently affected calcium channels in the body wall and muscle, disrupting their structure; it serves as an uncoupling agent to interfere with ATP synthase. Moreover, DMDS based on the fumigation mode entered the body through the respiratory pathway of olfactory perception-oxygen exchange and subsequently affected calcium channels in the nerve; eventually, DMDS acted on complex IV or complex I.


Assuntos
Fosforilação Oxidativa , Tylenchoidea , Animais , Acetilcolinesterase , Fumigação , Transcriptoma , Canais de Cálcio
8.
Gland Surg ; 12(6): 805-815, 2023 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37441020

RESUMO

Background: Vitamins are involved in various human physiological and biochemical mechanisms due to their antioxidant properties and their ability to enhance the immune response. Deficiency of some serum vitamins has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of developing cancer, including thyroid cancer. However, medical literature dealing with cholecalciferol supplementation was not able to show the potential of this intervention in cancer prevention. The aim of this paper is to highlight the association between lower serum vitamins levels and papillary thyroid cancer occurrence. Methods: This case-control study was conducted between September 2018 and October 2019. Cases were defined as patients with histologically diagnosed papillary thyroid cancer who underwent thyroidectomy were retrospectively recruited and serum levels of various vitamins were assessed by examining their relationships with clinical, pathological and molecular data (n=51). Controls matched on sex and thyroid surgery were randomly selected from the same population (n=49). Results: In this study, serum concentrations of vitamins A and E in neoplastic patients were significantly lower than in controls (1.40 vs. 1.78, P<0.003 and 23.9 vs. 29.1, P<0.003, respectively). Serum concentrations of vitamin D and methylmalonic acid were borderline significantly low (15.6 vs. 17.9, P=0.06 and 100.3 vs. 110.4, P=0.055, respectively), while homocysteine was statistically similar in the two groups. Furthermore, serum vitamin levels were compared with the pathological characteristics of cancer patients, and vitamin D concentrations were significantly lower in BRAF-positive than in BRAF-negative neoplastic patients (8.2 vs. 16.0, P=0.021). On the other hand, no significant differences were observed in the correlation between serum levels of vitamins and other pathological characteristics, in particular with regard to lymph node metastases. Conclusions: In conclusion, albeit with the analysis of a limited sample, this study highlighted the phenomenon that deficiencies in vitamins A and E can be associated with a higher frequency of occurrence of papillary thyroid cancer.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1225944, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37520348

RESUMO

Introduction: Panax notoginseng is a precious Chinese medicinal material. Soil fumigation can control soil-borne disease and overcome the continuous cropping obstacles of P. notoginseng. However, chloropicrin (CP) fumigation can kill non-target soil microorganisms and reduce microbial diversity, but the long-time impacts of CP fumigation on soil microbial are less reported. Methods: We studied the long-term effects of CP fumigation on soil microbes with high-throughput gene sequencing, and correlated the changes in the composition of microbial communities with environmental factors like soil physicochemical properties and soil enzyme activities. This study mainly focuses on the recovery characteristics of soil microbe after soil fumigation by evaluating the ecological restoration of P. notoginseng soil, its sustained control effect on plant diseases, and its promotion effect on crop growth by focusing on the CP fumigation treatment. Results: The results showed that CP fumigation significantly increased soil available phosphorus (P) to 34.6 ~ 101.6 mg/kg and electrical conductivity (EC) by 18.7% ~ 34.1%, respectively. High-throughput gene sequencing showed that soil fumigation with CP altered the relative abundance of Trichoderma, Chaetomium, Proteobacteria, and Chloroflexi in the soil while inhibiting a lot of Fusarium and Phytophthora. The inhibition rate of Phytophthora spp. was still 75.0% in the third year after fumigation. Fumigation with CP enhanced P. notoginseng's survival rate and stimulated plant growth, ensuring P. notoginseng's healthy in the growth period. The impact of fumigation on microbial community assembly and changes in microbial ecological niches were characterized using normalized stochasticity ratio (NST) and Levins' niche breadth index. Stochasticity dominated bacterial community assembly, while the fungal community was initially dominated by stochasticity and later by determinism. Fumigation with CP reduced the ecological niches of both fungi and bacteria. Conclusion: In summary, the decrease in microbial diversity and niche caused by CP fumigation could be recovered over time, and the control of soil pathogens by CP fumigation remained sustainable. Moreover, CP fumigation could overcome continuous cropping obstacles of P. notoginseng and promote the healthy growth of P. notoginseng.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 244: 125132, 2023 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37268067

RESUMO

Soil fumigant has been extensively used for excellent efficacy on soil-borne diseases. However, rapid emission and insufficient effective duration typically limit its application. In this study, hybrid silica/polysaccharide hydrogel was proposed (SIL/Cu/DMDS) by emulsion-gelation method to encapsulate dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). The orthogonal study was used to optimize the preparation parameters for LC and EE of SIL/Cu/DMDS, which was 10.39 % and 71.05 %, respectively. Compared with silica, the time for 90 % of the total emissions was extended by 4.36 times. The hydrogel possessed a longer persistent duration and the degradation half-life of DMDS was 3.47 times greater than that of silica alone. Moreover, the electrostatic interaction between abundant groups of polysaccharide hydrogel bestowed DMDS with pH-triggered release behavior. Additionally, SIL/Cu/DMDS had excellent water holding and water retention capacity. The bioactivity of the hydrogel was 58.1 % higher than that of DMDS TC due to the strong synergistic effect between DMDS and the carriers (chitosan and Cu2+), and showed obvious biosafety to cucumber seeds. This study seeks to provide a potential approach to develop hybrid polysaccharide hydrogel to control soil fumigants release, reduce emission and enhance bioactivity in plant protection.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Praguicidas , Solo , Cobre , Alginatos , Hidrogéis , Fumigação/métodos , Praguicidas/análise , Água
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1153248, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37065753

RESUMO

Synopsis for table of contents: An exceptional number of synchronous MTC/PTC in the same thyroid gland is presented. This may be the most numerous case series reported in the literature. Synchronous PTC/MTC in the same thyroid gland were classified into 4 subtypes and the clinical and pathological aspects as well as the results are presented. Background and objectives: The synchronous occurrence of multiple neoplastic processes in the thyroid gland is unusual. We investigated the clinicopathological features of 30 medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC) in association with papillary (PTC). Method: Retrospective analysis of operated patients for thyroid tumors. Synchronous PTC/MTC in the same thyroid gland were classified into 4 subtypes: (type I) True mixed MTC/PTC, MTC and PTC closely intermingled. (Type II) Collision MTC/PTC, i.e. tumors that meet at the same site, invade each other and appear as a single mass in the thyroid gland, i.e. MTC and PTC merge. (Type III) Synchronous anatomically separate tumors in the same thyroid lobe, i.e. separated from each other by non-tumorous thyroid parenchyma. (Type IV) Synchronous tumors occurring in separate anatomical lobes or in the isthmus. Clinical and pathological data were reviewed. Location: Department of thyroid surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University. Time frame: 14 years (June 2008-November 2022). Results: Thirty patients were identified with an overall prevalence of 28621 (0.1%). 17 (56.7%) were male, 13 (43.3%) female, mean age 51.3 ± 11.0 years, mean BMI 23.6 ± 3.6kg/m2. Mean duration of symptoms was 11.2 ± 18.4 months. Mean calcitonin level was 133.7 ± 196.4 pg/ml. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) was offered in 21 cases: 9 (42.9%) were suspected carcinoma, 9 (42.9%) PTC, 1 (4.8%) MTC, 2 (9.4%) MTC/PTC. Pathology revealed type I 4 (13.3%), type II 2 (6.7%), type III 14 (46.7%), type IV 10 (33.3%). The mean diameter of MTC was 1.6 ± 2.0cm, 18 (60%) were micro-MTC. The mean diameter of PTC was 0.9 ± 1.9 cm, 26 (86.7%) were micro-PTC. In 16 (53.3%) micro-PTC/-MTC occurred in synchronous sequence. Four patients had a recurrence: 2 had to be re-operated due to MTC recurrence, 2 died due to distant metastases (bone, liver). Conclusion: We report an exceptional number of MTC/PTC in the same thyroid gland. This may be the most numerous case series reported in the literature. The clinical and pathological aspects as well as the results are presented.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/cirurgia
12.
Heliyon ; 9(2): e13436, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36820047

RESUMO

Background and aims: The destruction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis leads to heart failure (HF), which further aggravates ER stress. Limited data are available on the levels of ER stress markers in HF patients in clinical practice. This study aimed to determine the clinical significance of the ER stress markers, glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), Caspase-3, and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), in predicting HF and its severity. Materials and methods: A total of 62 patients with HF and 44 healthy controls were enrolled in the study, and all participants were followed-up for 2 years. Results: Serum GRP78, Caspase-3, and CHOP levels were significantly higher in patients with HF than those in healthy controls. The level of GRP78 increased with the severity of HF. GRP78 levels were negatively correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction, and positively correlated with N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide, D-dimer, and lactic acid. Serum GRP78 and Caspase-3 levels showed moderate predictive values for HF patients. Conclusion: ER stress markers, GRP78 and Caspase-3, had a certain predictive value in HF and can be used as serum biomarkers for the diagnosis of HF. Additionally, GRP78 showed a certain predictive value in HF severity.

13.
Surg Technol Int ; 422023 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36812154

RESUMO

Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy with vestibular approach (TOETVA) is a feasible new surgical procedure that does not require visible incisions. We describe our experience with three-dimensional (3D) TOETVA. We recruited 98 patients who were willing to undergo 3D TOETVA. Inclusion criteria were: (a) patients with a neck ultrasound (US) with an estimated thyroid diameter of 10cm or less; (b) estimated US gland volume ≤45ml; (c) nodule size ≤50mm; (d) benign tumor, such as thyroid cyst, goiter with one nodule, or goiter with multiple nodules; (e) follicular neoplasia; and (f) papillary microcarcinoma without evidence of metastases. The procedure is performed using a three-port technique at the oral vestibule, a 10mm port for the 30° endoscope, and two additional 5mm ports for dissecting and coagulation instruments. The CO2 insufflation pressure is set at 6mmHg. An anterior cervical subplatysmal space is created from the oral vestibule to the sternal notch and laterally to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Thyroidectomy is performed entirely 3D endoscopically with conventional endoscopic instruments and intraoperative neuromonitoring. There were 34% total thyroidectomies and 66% hemithyroidectomies. Ninety-eight 3D TOETVA procedures were successfully performed without any conversions. The mean operative time was 87.6 minutes (59-118 minutes) for lobectomy and 107.6 minutes (99-135 minutes) for bilateral surgery. We observed one case of transient postoperative hypocalcemia. Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve did not occur. The cosmetic outcome was excellent in all patients. This is the first case series of 3D TOETVA.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 854: 158520, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063939

RESUMO

Recent increases in soil-borne plant disease have limited further expansion of some crops produced in protected agriculture. Soil fumigation effectively minimizes the impact of soil pathogens causing many diseases. We provide the first report of the efficacy of the Chinese fungicide ethylicin as a soil fumigant against the plant pathogens such as Fusarium spp. and Phytophthora spp., and against the plant parasitic nematode Meloidogyne spp. We also examined ethylicin's impact on the physicochemical properties of soil, the soil's bacterial and fungal taxonomic composition, the plant growth of tomatoes, the enzyme activity of soil and tomato yield. Ethylicin fumigation significantly decreased the abundance of Fusarium spp. and Phytophthora spp. by 67.7 %-84.0 % and 53.8 %-81.0 %, respectively. It reduced Meloidogyne spp. by 67.2 %-83.6 %. Ethylicin significantly increased the growth of tomato plants and tomato yield by 18.3 %-42.0 %. The soil's ammonium­nitrogen concentration increased significantly in answer to ethylicin fumigation, while nitrate­nitrogen concentration and the activity of soil urease decreased significantly. High-throughput gene sequencing had been used to show that ethylicin cut down the taxonomic soil bacteria diversity and bacterial abundance, but increased the soil fungi taxonomic diversity. Some genera of microorganisms increased, such as Firmicutes, Steroidobacter and Chytridiomycota, possibly due to changes in the physicochemical properties of soil that differentially favored their survival. We conclude that ethylicin is efficacious as a soil fumigant and it would be a useful addition to the limited number of soil fumigants currently available.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Praguicidas , Solanum lycopersicum , Solo , Bactérias , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1298036, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38274235

RESUMO

Background: Pediatric papillary thyroid cancer presents with a more advanced stage of disease than adult PTC; and it is more likely to be aggresive and distant metastases, although the survival rate is high. Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed in children and adults with PTC. Fisher's exact, chi-square, and rank-sum tests were used to examine the differences. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were applied to determine the possible risk factors for prognosis. A Kaplan-Meier curve analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between the clinicopathological characteristics and recurrence rate. Results: The study involved 156 children and 1,244 adults with PTC. Compared to the group without recurrence, proportions of tumors measuring > 1 cm (48.3% vs. 90.9%) and multifocality (30.3% vs. 63.6%) were higher, N1b stage occurred more frequently (33.8% vs. 100%). However, among adult PTC patients, those with recurrence were older (76.1% vs. 59.4%) than those without recurrence. Risk factors for pediatric PTC recurrence included tumor size and multifocality. However, in adult PTC, the risk factor was LLNM. The newly constructed Stratification.N showed better performance, as illustrated by the fact that patients who were classified into Stratification.N 3 showed an obviously poorer prognosis (P=0.01 and P=0.00062), especially in those aged >14 years (P=0.0052). Conclusion: Compared with adult PTC, pediatric PTC showed unique characteristics in terms of clinical pathology and recurrence. Tumor size and multifocality were strong risk factors for pediatric PTC. Accordingly, the novel proposed risk stratification method could effectively predict the recurrence of pediatric PTC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco
16.
Surg Technol Int ; 432023 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237113

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy is associated with a high rate of transient or permanent hypoparathyroidism. During surgery, indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescein angiography can be used to detect and preserve well-vascularized parathyroid glands. This technique has been introduced as an intraoperative support to prevent postoperative hypoparathyroidism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred consecutive patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy were included in this study. Autofluoroscopy was used on the first dominant side of thyroidectomy and to identify the contralateral parathyroid glands. An intravenous bolus of 5 mg ICG (VERDYE, Diagnostic Green GmbH, Aschheim-Dornacht, Germany) was administered once. ICG fluorescein angiography was used as a "bridge" at the end of the first dominant hemithyroidectomy and after exposure of the parathyroid glands on the second side. This allowed us to (i) determine the vascularization of the first two parathyroid glands and (ii) define the blood vessels and thus the line of dissection of the parathyroid glands of the second resection side. Finally, autofluoroscopy was then applied outside the surgical area on the surgical specimen to assess forgotten parathyroid glands, which should therefore be re-implanted. Autofluoroscopy and ICG fluorescein angiography were evaluated in real time using the same technology, i.e., FLUOBEAM® LX (EUROPE - Fluoptics Grenoble, France; USA - Fluoptics Imaging Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA). The study was approved by the local ethics committee. RESULTS: Autofluorescence and ICG fluorescein angiography were performed without any problems in all cases. A total of 370 parathyroid glands were detected in this series. ICG changed the surgical strategy for the first-side parathyroid glands in 5% of cases, i.e,. they were not well-vascularized and were re-implanted. The rate of transient hypoparathyroidism was 19%. The percentage of parathyroids in the surgical specimen was 3.5% and all were re-implanted during the same surgery. There was no case of postoperative definitive hypoparathyroidism when at least one parathyroid gland with a high fluorescence intensity was preserved on the first side of resection. CONCLUSION: Use of ICG fluorescein angiography may contribute to predicting and thus preventing postoperative definitive hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. The results of this case series confirm recent studies. Caution is advised when weakly perfused parathyroid glands are discovered.

17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1301200, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317715

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with synchronous medullary and papillary thyroid carcinomas. Methods: The clinical data of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) operated in our hospital (Department of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University) from February 2009 to February 2023 were evaluated using an analytical review approach. They were divided into an observation group (patients with synchronous MTC and papillary thyroid carcinoma PTC) and a control group (simple MTC) according to whether the clinical data were associated with MTC, in order to compare the clinical features, pathological types, stage characteristics and molecular biology characteristics of the two groups and to investigate the follow-up of the two groups. Results: The study included 122 MTC, 30 with synchronous MTC/PTC and 92 simple MTC. When the data were compared, the sex ratio, preoperative calcitonin level, preoperative CEA level, presence of calcifications in the MTC lesions, surgical methods, number of MTC lesions, presence of nodular goitre and presence of thyroiditis were higher in the observation group than in the control group. There was a significant difference between the groups when the MTC lesion diameter was ≤1cm in terms of preoperative CEA value (P<0.05); when the MTC lesion diameter was >1cm, there was a statistical difference between the two groups in terms of preoperative Ctn value (P<0.05). Type III was significantly different from the simple group, while type IV was more similar to the simple group. The preoperative serum Ctn value was positively correlated with maximum tumour diameter in both groups, although the correlation was stronger in the easy group. Preoperative CEA was positively correlated with maximum tumour diameter in both groups, with a stronger correlation in the combination group. Preoperative Ctn and CEA were positively correlated with lymph node metastasis in the simple group, whereas there was no apparent correlation with lymph node metastasis in the combination group. The cut-off value of preoperative serum Ctn for cervical lymph node metastases in the simple group was 39.2pg/ml and for lateral cervical lymph node metastases 195.5pg/ml. The cut-off value of preoperative serum Ctn for cervical lymph node metastases in the combination group was 60.79pg/ml and for lateral cervical lymph node metastases 152.6pg/ml. In the simple group, prognosis was significantly worse in the progression group (P<0.001), with no statistical difference between the remission and stable groups. In the combination group, the prognosis of the progression and stable groups was significantly worse than that of the remission group (P<0.001), with no statistical difference between the progression and stable groups. Conclusion: In patients with synchronous medullary and papillary thyroid carcinomas, preoperative Ctn and CEA levels, calcifications, solitary lesions, combined goitre or thyroiditis differ significantly from simple MTC. Therefore, clinical management should pay attention to the above factors and early risk screening should be performed to improve prognosis as much as possible.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidite , Humanos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Metástase Linfática , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
18.
Pest Manag Sci ; 78(12): 5366-5378, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of pesticides has led to a series of ecological, environmental and public health issues. Amide herbicides are an important agrochemical, yet many are prone to leach and pollute the environment, which limits their further application. In this study, metolachlor (METO) was selected as a model pesticide and a controlled released nanoparticle (NP) system was constructed employing a zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 hybrid inorganic-organic porous material (METO@ZIF-8). RESULTS: The synthesis parameters of METO@ZIF-8 were optimized, and the loading content of METO@ZIF-8 was maximized by a central composite design of response surface test. The NPs were regular dodecahedron with uniform size (mostly 54.3 nm diameter). METO@ZIF-8 had high specific surface area and good dispersal in water. Moreover, it endowed the active ingredient with a pH-responsive release property. The nanocarrier effectively improved the adsorption capacity of METO in soil and reduce the leaching by 10.3-21.7%. Pot experiments suggested that the control effect of METO@ZIF-8 was 16.6 and 48.4% higher than that of METO emulsifiable concentrate (EC) and METO technical concentration (TC) at the recommended dose. Based on the excellent controlled release profiles, METO@ZIF-8 did not affect corn plant growth and significantly reduced the risk of phytotoxicity induced by METO. METO@ZIF-8 effectively reduced acute toxicity in zebrafish compared with METO EC. CONCLUSION: This study explored the fabrication of a nanocarrier for improving the efficacy and promoting the environmental safety of leachable amide herbicides. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanopartículas , Zeolitas , Animais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Peixe-Zebra , Zeolitas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Acetamidas
19.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0266347, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917326

RESUMO

Biocontrol agents applied after fumigation play an important role to the soil microenvironment. We studied the effect of Trichoderma applied after dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) plus chloropicrin (PIC) fumigation on the cucumber growth, soil physicochemical properties, enzyme activity, taxonomic diversity, and yield through laboratory and field experiments. The results confirmed that Trichoderma applied after fumigation significantly improved soil physicochemical properties, cucumber growth, soil-borne pathogens, and soil enzyme activity. Genetic analysis indicated that Trichoderma applied after fumigation significantly increased the relative abundance of Pseudomonas, Humicola and Chaetomium, and significantly decreased the relative abundance of the pathogens Fusarium spp. and Gibberella spp., which may help to control pathogens and enhanced the ecological functions of the soil. Moreover, Trichoderma applied after fumigation obviously improved cucumber yield (up to 35.6%), and increased relative efficacy of soil-borne pathogens (up to 99%) and root-knot nematodes (up to 96%). Especially, we found that Trichoderma applied after fumigation increased the relative abundance of some beneficial microorganisms (such as Sodiomyces and Rhizophlyctis) that can optimize soil microbiome. It is worth noting that with the decline in the impact of the fumigant, these beneficial microorganisms still maintain a higher abundance when the cucumber plants were uprooted. Importantly, we found one tested biocontrol agent Trichoderma 267 identified and stored in our laboratory not only improved cucumber growth, reduced soil-borne diseases in late cucumber growth stages but also optimized micro-ecological environment which may have good application prospect and help to keep environmental healthy and sustainable development.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Fusarium , Trichoderma , Fumigação/métodos , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
20.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(12): 709, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845523

RESUMO

Background: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) patients have poor survival, tumor/node/metastasis (TNM) stage and biochemical prognosis are the most important factors. We investigated the clinical significance of calcitonin (Ctn) to assess the biochemical prognosis of MTC. Methods: This retrospective observational study enrolled 77 MTC patients with complete information and primary surgery at the Department of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University between 2009 and 2020. Patient and MTC characteristics were recorded. All patients were divided into remission, stable, and progression according to biochemical prognosis. We analyzed the correlation between preoperative serum Ctn, TNM stage and biochemical prognosis. Results: Elevated preoperative serum Ctn was positively correlated with TNM stage. Patients with higher Ctn, multifocality, and bilateral tumors were associated with a higher TNM stage. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative serum Ctn level was an independent risk factor for TNM stage. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis found the best Ctn cut-off value for predicting TNM III was 45.88 pg/mL, which had a sensitivity of 87.2% and a specificity of 65.8%. The best Ctn cut-off value for predicting TNM IV was 167.00 pg/mL, with a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 77.6%. In univariate analysis, patients with higher preoperative serum Ctn, multifocality, bilateral tumors, and higher TNM stage were more likely to progress. The optimal cut-off value for progression was 195.5 pg/mL, which had a sensitivity of 80.0% and a specificity of 70.2%. For every 1-unit increase in preoperative serum Ctn levels, the risk of progression increased by 1.004 times (P=0.008), and patients with TNM stage III [hazard ratio (HR) =9.663; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.411, 66.156] were nearly 9.7-fold more likely to progress than those in TNM stage I/II. Conclusions: Elevated preoperative serum Ctn predicted poor clinical outcomes in MTC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...