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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026369

RESUMO

A probe, MITO-TPE, was developed for imaging mitochondrial SO2 with good selectivity, high sensitivity, and a fast response time. Cell imaging indicated that SO2-induced oxidative stress may cause damage to cells through O2˙- bursting. MITO-TPE has here been used to image the misregulation of SO2 levels in mitochondria during heat stroke for the first time.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 206: 111388, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007543

RESUMO

Black carbon (BC) and heavy metal lead (Pb), as typical components of atmospheric PM2.5, have been shown to cause a variety of adverse health effects. However, co-exposure to BC and Pb may induce pulmonary damage by aggravating toxicity via an unknown mechanism. This study aimed to investigate the combined toxicity of carboxylated black carbon (c-BC) and lead acetate (Pb) on human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) at the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL). Cells were exposed to c-BC (6.25 µg/mL) and Pb (4 µg/mL) alone or their combination, and their combined toxicity was investigated by focusing on cell viability, oxidative stress, DNA damage, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), apoptosis, and cellular inflammation. Factorial analyses were also used to determine the potential interactions between c-BC and Pb. The results suggested that the combination of c-BC and Pb could significantly increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and lactate dehydrogenase leakage (LDH) and decrease the activities of glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). The excessive oxidative stress could increase the levels of inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and TNF-α, and induce oxidative DNA damage and dissipation of MMP. Moreover, the results also suggested that the combined group could enhance the cellular apoptotic rate and the activation of apoptotic markers like caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9. The factorial analysis further demonstrated that synergistic interaction was responsible for the combined toxicity of c-BC and Pb co-exposure. Most noticeably, the co-exposure of c-BC and Pb could induce some unexpected toxicity, even beyond the known toxicities of the individual compounds in BEAS-2B cells at the NOAEL.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17516, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060684

RESUMO

The mechanism of catalysis by the L-glutaminase-asparaginase from Pseudomonas 7A (PGA) was investigated using structural, mass spectrometry, and kinetic data. We had previously proposed mechanism of hydrolysis of L-Asn by the type II L-asparaginase from E. coli (EcAII), but that work was limited to just one enzyme. Based on results presented in this report, we postulate that all homotetrameric L-asparaginases from mesophilic bacteria utilize a common ping-pong mechanism of catalysis consisting of two subsequent nucleophilic substitutions. Several new structures of non-covalent complexes of PGA with different substrates, as well as structures of covalent acyl-enzyme intermediates of PGA with canonical substrates (L-Asp and L-Glu) and an opportunistic ligand, a citrate anion, were determined. The results of kinetic experiments monitored by high-resolution LC/MS, when combined with new structural data, clearly show that the reaction catalyzed by L-glutaminase-asparaginases proceeds through formation of a covalent intermediate, as observed previously for EcAII. Additionally, by showing that the same mechanism applies to L-Asn and L-Gln, we postulate that it is common for all these structurally related enzymes.

4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1769-1773, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a new method to activate and expand human NK cells ex vivo by using sodium hyaluronate as a major activating agent and to explore its related mechanism. METHODS: Mononuclear cells were isolated from 3 samples of peripheral blood from three healthy donors. New NK cell culture method and the control method were used to culture NK cells from each samples separately for 14 days. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the ratio of NK cells and CD69 expression. To measure the in vitro cytotoxicity of NK cells cultured by the two methods, the K562 cells were used as the targeting cells and flow cytometry combined with CFSE marker was used as the testing method. RESULTS: After culturing for 14 days, the number of NK cells obtained by new culture method for NK cells expanded by 188.63±3.83 times while the number of NK cells cultured by control method expanded by 152.77±5.77 times. The ratio of NK cells in new cell culture method was above 90%, while the ratio of NK cells in control method was about 70%. The ratio of CD69+ NK cells in new cell culture method was 32.37%±3.22%, while the ratio of CD69+ NK cells in control method was 17.29%±3.79%. The results of cytotoxicity experiment in vitro showed that NK cells cultured by the new method had a higher killing ability to the target cells as compared with NK cells cultured by the control method. CONCLUSION: New NK cell culture method using sodium hyaluronate as a major activating agent can expand NK cells more efficiently as compared with the cells cultured by control method, which may be related to the direct and/or indirect activation of sodium hyaluronate to NK cells, further causing the dominant expansion of the NK cells.

5.
FEBS J ; 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070450

RESUMO

Invasion and metastasis are the basic characteristics and important markers of malignant tumors, which are also the main cause of death in cancer patients. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recognized as the first step of tumor invasion and metastasis. Many studies have demonstrated that cell fusion is a common phenomenon and plays a critical role in cancer development and progression. At present, cancer stem cell fusion has been considered as a new mechanism of cancer metastasis. Mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (MSC) is a kind of adult stem cells with high self-renewal ability and multi-differentiation potential, which is used as a very promising fusogenic candidate in the tumor microenvironment and has a crucial role in cancer progression. Many research results have shown that MSCs are involved in the regulation of tumor growth and metastasis through cell fusion. However, the role of cell fusion between MSCs and malignant cells in tumor growth and metastasis are still controversial. Several studies have demonstrated that MSCs can enhance malignant characteristics, promoting tumor growth and metastasis by fusing with malignant cells, while other conflicting reports believe that MSCs can reduce tumorigenicity upon fusion with malignant cells. In this review, we summarize the recent research on cell fusion events between MSCs and malignant cells in tumor growth and metastasis. The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms between MSCs fusion and tumor metastasis may provide an effective strategy for tumor biotherapy.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 434, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) is closely related with cervical disk degeneration and impacts the spinal function, especially in the setting of cervical kyphosis (CK). In this study, we evaluated the influence of cervical sagittal parameters on the development of axial neck pain (ANP) in patients with CK. METHODS: Data pertaining to 263 patients with CK who visited the outpatient department of our hospital between January 2012 and December 2018 were retrospective analyzed. The most common symptoms of ANP were neck pain, stiffness, or dullness. Visual analog scale (VAS) was used to evaluate ANP. The following radiographic parameters were evaluated: CK types, C2-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), thoracic inlet angle (TIA), T1 slope, neck tilt (NT), cranial tilt, and cervical tilt. Sagittal alignment of CK was classified into 2 types: global and regional type. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for ANP. RESULTS: Patients who complained of ANP were categorized as ANP group (VAS score ≥ 3; n = 92), while those without ANP were categorized as non-ANP group (VAS score < 3; n = 171). There was no significant between-group difference with respect to age (P = 0.196), gender (P = 0.516), TIA (P = 0.139), NT (P = 0.676), CK type (P = 0.533), cranial tilt (P = 0.332), cervical tilt (P = 0.585), or cervical disk degeneration (P = 0.695). The T1 slope and C2-7 SVA in the ANP group were significantly greater than that in the non-ANP group (P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression, C2-7 SVA [ odds ratio (OR) 2.318, 95% confidence interval 1.373-4.651, P = 0.003) and T1 slope (OR 2.563, 95% CI 1.186-4.669, P = 0.028) were identified as risk factors for ANP. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a significant effect of cervical sagittal parameters on the occurrence of ANP in patients with CK. Greater T1 slope and larger C2-7 SVA may lead to the development of neck pain.

7.
Pain Med ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: High-quality chronic pain care emphasizes multimodal treatments that include medication and nonpharmacological treatments. But it is not clear which patients will participate in nonpharmacological treatments, such as physical therapy or mental health care, and previous research has shown conflicting evidence. METHODS: We used the Patient Outcomes Repository for Treatment (PORT) registry, which combines patient-reported outcomes data with electronic medical records. In this retrospective observational study, we performed two separate multinomial regression analyses with feature selection to identify PORT variables that were predictive of 1) recommendation of a nonpharmacological treatment by the provider and 2) patient participation in nonpharmacological treatments. Two hundred thirty-six patients were recommended (REC) or not recommended (NO REC) a nonpharmacological treatment, and all REC patients were classified as participating (YES) or not participating (NO) in the recommendations. RESULTS: Female gender and a diagnosis of Z79 "Opioid drug therapy" were significant positive and negative predictors of nonpharmacological treatment recommendations, respectively. Schedule II opioid use at initial presentation and recommendations for rehabilitation therapy were significant predictors of nonparticipation. CONCLUSIONS: Patients using opioids are less likely to be recommended nonpharmacological treatments as part of multimodal chronic pain care and are less likely to participate in nonpharmacological treatments once recommended. Males are also less likely to be recommended nonpharmacological treatments. Patients referred for rehabilitation therapies are less likely to comply with those recommendations. We have identified patients in vulnerable subgroups who may require additional resources and/or encouragement to comply with multimodal chronic pain treatment recommendations.

8.
Opt Lett ; 45(17): 4810-4813, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870863

RESUMO

Chromatin is the macromolecular assembly containing the cell's genetic information, and its architectural conformation facilitates accessibility to activation sites and thus gene expression. We have developed an analytical framework to quantify chromatin structure with spectral microscopy. Chromatin structure can be described as a mass fractal, with packing scaling D up to specific genomic length scales. Considering various system geometries, we established a model to measure D with the interferometric technique partial wave spectroscopy (PWS) and validated the analysis using finite difference time domain to simulate the PWS system. Calculations of D were consistent with ground truth electron microscopy measurements, enabling a high-throughput, label-free approach to quantifying chromatin structure in the nanometer length scale regime.

9.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2020: 8827925, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963880

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a method for extraction and determination of antioxidant 264 (2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol) in the brominated butyl rubber stopper for injection and migration study in recombinant potent antitumor and antivirus protein injection (Novaferon). Methods: Dichloromethane-ethanol was adopted as the extraction solvent during the process of reflux extraction of antioxidant 264 in the brominated butyl rubber stopper. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for the determination of the migration of antioxidant 264 to Novaferon. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-water (80 : 20, v/v). The flow rate was 1.5 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 280 nm. Results: The linearity range was from 4.003 to 200.150 µg/mL (r 2 = 0.99996), and the average recovery of antioxidant 264 was 97.8%. The applicability of the methodology was good, which can be used for the determination of antioxidant 264. The results indicated that antioxidant 264 was not detected in Novaferon after the accelerated test and three months of long-term test. Conclusion: The established validated method in this study can be used for the determination of antioxidant 264 in the rubber stopper, and the brominated butyl rubber stopper has good compatibility with Novaferon.

10.
Nat Genet ; 52(10): 1076-1087, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868908

RESUMO

Animal chromosomes are partitioned into contact domains. Pathogenic domain disruptions can result from chromosomal rearrangements or perturbation of architectural factors. However, such broad-scale alterations are insufficient to define the minimal requirements for domain formation. Moreover, to what extent domains can be engineered is just beginning to be explored. In an attempt to create contact domains, we inserted a 2-kb DNA sequence underlying a tissue-invariant domain boundary-containing a CTCF-binding site (CBS) and a transcription start site (TSS)-into 16 ectopic loci across 11 chromosomes, and characterized its architectural impact. Depending on local constraints, this fragment variably formed new domains, partitioned existing ones, altered compartmentalization and initiated contacts reflecting chromatin loop extrusion. Deletions of the CBS or the TSS individually or in combination within inserts revealed its distinct contributions to genome folding. Altogether, short DNA insertions can suffice to shape the spatial genome in a manner influenced by chromatin context.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 165(Pt A): 758-766, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979439

RESUMO

In the present study, two pH-sensitive bilayer films were developed and compared. Agar matrix incorporated with ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) or TiO2 NPs were combined with the infrastructure of a κ-carrageenan-Clitoria ternatea Linn anthocyanin (CA-CTLA) layer, denoted as AG-ZnO/CA-CTLA film and AG-TiO2/CA-CTLA film, respectively. The CA-CTLA layer was defined as the sensing layer, whereas the AG-TiO2 (or AG-ZnO) layer was the protective layer that enhanced the mechanical properties and colour stability. The AG-TiO2/CA-CTLA film displayed superior UV-vis light barrier property, pH sensitivity, and physical properties. The film's elongation at break and water vapour permeability were 57.08%, and 2.72 × 10-6 g.m-1.h-1.pa-1, respectively. Notably, the AG-TiO2/CA-CTLA film possessed the highest UV-vis light barrier properties, and the transmittance was close to 0 in the UV region. Furthermore, these films exhibited visual colour changes in the buffer solution (pH 2.0-12.0), ammonia vapour (80 M), and pork spoilage trials. Therefore, the bilayer films have promising properties for food packaging, especially the AG-TiO2 NPs/CA-CTLA film.

12.
Theriogenology ; 158: 239-249, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987289

RESUMO

The ovaries, the main female reproductive organs, directly mediate ovulation and reproductive hormone secretion. These complex physiological processes are regulated by multiple genes and pathways. However, there is a lack of research on goat ovaries, and the molecular mechanisms underlying the signaling pathways remain unclear. In this study, Illumina HiSeq 4000 sequencing was used to sequence the transcriptomes of goat ovaries. The expression patterns of differentially expressed mRNAs in goat ovaries at both the follicular and luteal phases were determined by bioinformatics analysis. A total of 1,122, 014, 112 clean reads were obtained, and 3770 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified for further analysis. There were 1727 and 2043 upregulated mRNAs in the luteal phase and follicular phase, respectively. According to Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses, some mRNAs that were highly expressed in ovaries during the luteal phase, such as HSD17B7, 3BHSD, and SRD5A2, may be related to the synthesis of progesterone. In addition, some mRNAs that were highly expressed in ovaries during the follicular phase, such as RPL12, RPS13 and RPL10, are related to the growth and maturation of oocytes. Taken together, the findings of this study provide genome-wide mRNA expression profiles for goat ovaries at the follicular and luteal phases and identify mRNAs associated with goat hormone secretion and follicular development. In addition, this study provides a theoretical basis for further investigation of goat reproductive regulation.

13.
Exp Gerontol ; 141: 111077, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898618

RESUMO

Tight junction protein is representative regulator of gut permeability. Also, it has been noted for controlling inflammatory responses through tight junction. Therefore, in this study, we examined that whether tight junction protein is changed in aged mice, and to further, confirmed the effect of treadmill exercise on the tight junction protein. In in vitro study, doxorubicin that induces cell senescence was treated to Caco2 cells (colon cell) to mimic aging effect. After that, 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-ß-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR), exercise mimic chemical that stimulates AMPK level, was also administered to Caco2 cells. In animal study, 2 months and 21 months C57BL/6 J mouse were treated with treadmill exercise for 4 weeks (YE = 5, OE = 5). Then, the tight junction protein expression level was examined by western blot. Also, serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and zonulin level were analyzed to identify gut permeability. In vitro studies showed that doxorubicin downregulates tight junction protein expression levels in Caco2 cell, and also AICAR treatment upregulates tight junction protein expression levels. In animal study, 4 weeks treadmill exercise upregulated claudin-1 (p < 0.05) and occludin (p < 0.01) protein expression level in 21 months old mice. Also, zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1) protein expression level was not significant difference among all mice group. In addition, old mice group had higher level of serum LPS compared to young mice group, but the level was downregulated in both 2 months and 21 months mice group after four weeks of treadmill exercise. Zonulin, which is known as degrading tight junction protein, is not significantly changed by both age and exercise. This study compared that tight junction protein expression level in old mice compared to its level in young mice, and also clarified that the effect of treadmill exercise on tight junction protein in both young and old mice.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(19): 8346-8351, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885973

RESUMO

The activation and coupling reactions of methane and acetylene mediated by M+ (M = Os, Ir, Pt, and Au) have been comparatively studied at room temperature by the techniques of mass spectrometry in conjunction with theoretical calculations. Studies have shown that Os+ and Ir+ can mediate the activation/coupling reaction of CH4 and C2H2, while Pt+ and Au+ cannot, which could be explained by the number of empty valence orbitals in the metal atom. In addition, there are different competition channels for the reaction mediated by Os+ and Ir+: an expected dehydrogenation and an unexpected C/C exchange. We find that if the rare C/C exchange reaction takes place, there are symmetric carbon atoms in the reaction intermediate and the C/C exchange reaction is favored kinetically. The C/C exchange reaction must be considered, which will affect the yield of the products in the primary reaction. This study shows the molecular-level mechanisms which include the C/C exchange reaction in the activation and coupling reaction of organic compounds mediated by different metals.

15.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 168: 112563, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892117

RESUMO

Photocathodic bioassays have shown great potential to apply in real bio-sample detection owning to their intrinsic abilities against interference from reductive species. However, the pursuit of photocathodic bioassays with excellent detection performance is still in the infancy. Herein, an advanced signal amplifier of platinum-based nanocatalyst with efficient oxygen reduction capability was explored to build a high-performance photocathodic immunoassay. The target model of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9, Ag) was used for describing the sensing platform. Specifically, the nontoxic Au/CuBi2O4 photocathode was first prepared by decorating Au nanoparticles on CuBi2O4 nanofilm and was used as the matrix to anchor capture CA19-9 antibody (Ab1). Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles were loaded on graphene (GR) nanosheet to form Pt/GR nanocomposite, which was utilized as signal amplifier conjugating with signal CA19-9 antibody (Ab2). When specific sandwich immunoreaction happened, the Pt/GR played the role of an efficient nanocatalyst to accelerate the reduction reaction of electron acceptor of oxygen in the electrolyte, causing evidently enhanced cathodic photocurrent signal. By incorporating this superior signal amplification strategy into the anti-interference photocathodic immunoassay, highly sensitive and specific detection of target Ag was realized. This work pioneers a new perspective for the design of advanced photocathodic bioanalysis for various targets of interest.

16.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(5): 3767-3776, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901885

RESUMO

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disorder for which the only effective therapy is insulin replacement. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy has demonstrated potential in improving hyperglycemia and as a treatment option for T1DM. Ghrelin and HBO have been previously reported to exert proliferative, anti­apoptotic and anti­inflammatory effects in pancreatic cells. The present study investigated the mechanism underlying HBO­ and ghrelin system­mediated regulation of glucose metabolism. Male C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ; 150 mg/kg) to induce T1DM before the diabetic mice were randomly assigned into the T1DM and T1DM + HBO groups. Mice in the T1DM + HBO group received HBO (1 h; 100% oxygen; 2 atmospheres absolute) daily for 2 weeks. Significantly lower blood glucose levels and food intake were observed in mice in the T1DM + HBO group. Following HBO treatment, islet ß­cell area were increased whereas those of α­cell were decreased in the pancreas. In addition, greater hepatic glycogen storage in liver was observed, which coincided with higher pancreatic glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) expression levels and reduced hepatic GLUT2 membrane trafficking. There were also substantially higher total plasma ghrelin concentrations and gastric ghrelin­O­acyl transferase (GOAT) expression levels in mice in the T1DM + HBO group. HBO treatment also abolished reductions in pancreatic GOAT expression levels in T1DM mice. Additionally, hepatic growth hormone secretagogue receptor­1a levels were found to be lower in mice in the T1DM + HBO group compared with those in the T1DM group. These results suggest that HBO administration improved glucose metabolism in a STZ­induced T1DM mouse model. The underlying mechanism involves improved insulin­release, glucose­sensing and regulation of hepatic glycogen storage, an observation that was also likely dependent on the ghrelin signalling system.

17.
Theranostics ; 10(23): 10729-10742, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929377

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy, and approximately 70% of breast cancers are estrogen receptor-α (ERα) positive. The anti-estrogen tamoxifen is a highly effective and commonly used treatment for patients with ER+ breast cancer. However, 30% of breast cancer patients fail adjuvant tamoxifen therapy and most of metastatic breast cancer patients develop tamoxifen resistance. Although increasing evidence suggests that microRNA (miRNA) dysregulation influences tamoxifen sensitivity, the mechanism of the cross-talk between miRNA and ERα signaling remains unclear. miR-575 has been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis and progression, however, the role of miR-575 in breast cancer remains limited. The aim of this study was to understand the mechanism of miR-575 in breast cancer tamoxifen resistance. Method: RT-qPCR was employed to assess miR-575 expression in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. The association of miR-575 expression with overall survival in patients with breast cancer was evaluated with KM plotter. Additionally, the effects of miR-575 on breast cancer proliferation and tamoxifen sensitivity were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatic analyses and luciferase reporter assays were performed to validate CDKN1B and BRCA1 as direct targets of miR-31-5p. The ERα binding sites in the miR-575 promoter region was validated with ChIP and luciferase assays. ERα interactions with CDKN1B, cyclin D1 or BRCA1 were determined by IP analysis, and protein expression levels and localization were analyzed by western blotting and immunofluorescence, respectively. Results: miR-575 levels were higher in ER+ breast cancer than in ER- breast cancer and patients with high miR-575 expression had a significantly poorer outcome than those with low miR-575 expression. ERα bound the miR-575 promoter to activate its transcription, and tamoxifen treatment downregulated miR-575 expression in ER+ breast cancer. Overexpression of miR-575 decreased tamoxifen sensitivity by targeting CDKN1B and BRCA1. CDKN1B and BRCA1 were both able to antagonize ERα activity by inhibiting ERα nuclear translocation and interaction with cyclin D1. Furthermore, miR-575 expression was found to be upregulated in ER+ breast cancer cell with acquired tamoxifen resistance, whereas depletion of miR-575 partially re-sensitized these cells to tamoxifen by regulation of CDKN1B. Conclusions: Our data reveal the ERα-miR-575-CDKN1B feedback loop in ER+ breast cancer, suggesting that miR-575 can be used as a prognostic biomarker in patients with ER+ breast cancer, as well as a predictor or a promising target for tamoxifen sensitivity.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 326, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We determined the incidence and risk factors of low back pain (LBP) in patients with lumbar degenerative disease after single-level oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 120 lumbar degenerative disease patients who underwent single-level OLIF. We compared preoperative and postoperative radiographic parameters, including segmental lordosis (SL), lumbar lordosis (LL), disk height (DH), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), thoracic kyphosis (TK), and C7-sagittal vertical axis (SVA). Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores and visual analog scale (VAS) scores for back and leg pain. All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients had postoperative LBP (VAS score for back pain ≥3; LBP group); the remaining 82 patients were in the non-LBP group. Age (P = 0.082), gender (P = 0.425), body mass index (P = 0.138), diagnosis (degenerative spondylolisthesis vs. lumbar spinal stenosis; P = 0.529), surgical level (P = 0.651), blood loss (P = 0.889), and operative time (P = 0.731) did not differ between the groups. In both groups, the ODI and VAS scores for back pain and leg pain significantly improved at the final follow-up compared with the preoperative scores (P = 0.003). Except for the VAS score for back pain (P = 0.000), none of the scores significantly differed between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). In the non-LBP group, LL, SL, DH, TK, and SS significantly improved, while PT and C7-SVA significantly decreased at the final follow-up as compared with the preoperative values. In both groups, DH significantly improved postoperatively, with no significant between-group difference (P = 0.325). At the final follow-up, LL, PI-LL mismatch, PT, and C7-SVA showed significantly greater improvement in the non-LBP group than in the LBP group (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis identified PT, PI-LL mismatch, and C7-SVA as significant risk factors for LBP after OLIF. CONCLUSION: OLIF for single-level lumbar degenerative disease had satisfactory clinical outcomes. PT, PI-LL mismatch, and C7-SVA were significant risk factors for postoperative LBP. Patients with appropriately decreased PT, improved C7-SVA, and PI-LL match experienced less LBP.

19.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate adaptive strategies of Tupaia belangeri to environmental factors in different populations, 12 locations were selected, including higher and lower altitude areas. RESULTS: Total of 96 and 90 metabolites were annotated in serum and liver respectively, which were mainly concentrated in primary metabolites. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed that the locations were divided into two groups in serum metabolites, but each group had a few samples overlap. The samples of each group overlap to some degree in the liver metabolites. The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle occupies a central position in metabolism. The concentrations of TCA intermediates, lipid metabolites and amino acid metabolites were higher in higher altitude areas, and the concentrations of carbohydrate and glycolysis intermediates were higher in lower altitude areas. CONCLUSIONS: Different areas adapted to the changes of environmental and altitude by regulating the concentration of metabolites in serum and liver, and revealed the adaptive mechanism of T. belangeri in different living environments.

20.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 379, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among eukaryotic organisms, alternative splicing is an important process that can generate multiple transcripts from one same precursor messenger RNA, which greatly increase transcriptome and proteome diversity. This process is carried out by a super-protein complex defined as the spliceosome. Specifically, splicing factor 1/branchpoint binding protein (SF1/BBP) is a single protein that can bind to the intronic branchpoint sequence (BPS), connecting the 5' and 3' splice site binding complexes during early spliceosome assembly. The molecular function of this protein has been extensively investigated in yeast, metazoa and mammals. However, its counterpart in plants has been seldomly reported. RESULTS: To this end, we conducted a systematic characterization of the SF1 gene family across plant lineages. In this work, a total of 92 sequences from 59 plant species were identified. Phylogenetic relationships of these sequences were constructed, and subsequent bioinformatic analysis suggested that this family likely originated from an ancient gene transposition duplication event. Most plant species were shown to maintain a single copy of this gene. Furthermore, an additional RNA binding motif (RRM) existed in most members of this gene family in comparison to their animal and yeast counterparts, indicating that their potential role was preserved in the plant lineage. CONCLUSION: Our analysis presents general features of the gene and protein structure of this splicing factor family and will provide fundamental information for further functional studies in plants.

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