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1.
Med Phys ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36738103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate segmentation of organs has a great significance for clinical diagnosis, but it is still hard work due to the obscure imaging boundaries caused by tissue adhesion on medical images. Based on the image continuity in medical image volumes, segmentation on these slices could be inferred from adjacent slices with a clear organ boundary. Radiologists can delineate a clear organ boundary by observing adjacent slices. PURPOSE: Inspired by the radiologists' delineating procedure, we design an organ segmentation model based on boundary information of adjacent slices and a human-machine interactive learning strategy to introduce clinical experience. METHODS: We propose an interactive organ segmentation method for medical image volume based on Graph Convolution Network (GCN) called Surface-GCN. First, we propose a Surface Feature Extraction Network (SFE-Net) to capture surface features of a target organ, and supervise it by a Mini-batch Adaptive Surface Matching (MBASM) module. Then, to predict organ boundaries precisely, we design an automatic segmentation module based on a Surface Convolution Unit (SCU), which propagates information on organ surfaces to refine the generated boundaries. In addition, an interactive segmentation module is proposed to learn radiologists' experience of interactive corrections on organ surfaces to reduce interaction clicks. RESULTS: We evaluate the proposed method on one prostate MR image dataset and two abdominal multi-organ CT datasets. The experimental results show that our method outperforms other state-of-the-art methods. For prostate segmentation, the proposed method conducts a DSC score of 94.49% on PROMISE12 test dataset. For abdominal multi-organ segmentation, the proposed method achieves DSC scores of 95%, 91%, 95%, and 88% for the left kidney, gallbladder, spleen, and esophagus respectively. For interactive segmentation, the proposed method reduces 5-10 interaction clicks to reach the same accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: To overcome the medical organ segmentation challenge, we propose a Graph Convolutional Network called Surface-GCN by imitating radiologist interactions and learning clinical experience. On single and multiple organ segmentation tasks, the proposed method could obtain more accurate segmentation boundaries compared with other state-of-the-art methods. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 94: 106312, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731283

RESUMO

Phase-changeable contrast agents have been proposed as a next-generation ultrasound contrast agent over conventional microbubbles given its stability, longer circulation time and ability to extravasate. Safe vaporization of nanodroplets (NDs) plays an essential role in the practical translation of ND applications in industry and medical therapy. In particular, the exposure parameters for initializing phase change as well as the site of phase change are concerned to be controlled. Compared to the traditional optical vaporization or acoustic droplet vaporization, this study exhibited the potential of using simultaneous, single burst laser and ultrasound incidence as a means of activating phase change of NDs to generate cavitation nuclei with reduced fluence and sound pressure. A theoretical model considering the laser heating, vapor cavity nucleation and growth was established, where qualitative agreement with experiment findings were found in terms of the trend of combined exposure parameters in order to achieve the same level of vaporization outcome. The results indicate that using single burst laser pulse and 10-cycle ultrasound might be sufficient to lower the exposure levels under FDA limit for laser skin exposure and ultrasound imaging. The combination of laser and ultrasound also provides temporal and spatial control of ND vaporization and cavitation nucleation without altering the sound field, which is beneficial for further safe and effective applications of phase-changeable NDs in medical, environmental, food processing and other industrial areas.

3.
Neurosci Res ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731541

RESUMO

The inevitability of age-related degeneration makes research on degradation mitigation attractive to humans, while exercise is considered an effective means due to its powerful impact on life and health. Caenorhabditis elegans is a model animal with a short life cycle and is widely used in health and aging studies. In this work, ultrasonic stimuli in the form of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) were used to induce behavioral activities in worms. As the worms grew, ultrasound-elicited behavioral responses started to decrease in the early adulthood stage. However, this situation was significantly ameliorated when ultrasonic training sessions at an effective acoustic pressure of 1.1MPa were performed four times per day for 5 or 7 days, while ultrasonic responses in trained nematodes were stronger than those in untrained ones. These results suggest that long-term ultrasonic training might positively intervene in aging-related degeneration. Besides, it was found that exercise driven by long-term ultrasonic training had insignificant effects on the lifespan of worms. A preliminary exploration of the neural mechanisms underlying the sensation of SAWs was also conducted. The results show that, apart from touch receptor neurons (TRNs), polymodal nociceptors FLP and PVD neurons may also be involved in the perception of ultrasound in C. elegans. The results of this study may inspire related studies on other animals or humans.

4.
Langmuir ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725677

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive hybrid nanoparticles used for controllable catalysis have been attracting increasing attention. This study aims to prepare hybrid microgels with excellent temperature-sensitive colorimetric and catalytic properties through combining the surface plasmon resonance properties of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with the temperature-sensitive properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-based microgels. Microgels with hydroxy groups (MG-OH) were prepared by soap-free emulsion polymerization, using N-isopropylacrylamide as the main monomer, hydroxyethyl methylacrylate as the functional monomer, N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide as the crosslinker, and 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride as an initiator to ensure the microgels are positively charged. Furthermore, chemical modification on the surface of MG-OH was carried out by 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane to obtain thiolated microgels (MG-SH). Two kinds of hybrid nanoparticles, AuNPs@MG-OH and AuNPs@MG-SH, were self-assembled, through electrostatic interaction between positive MG-OH and negative citrate-stabilized AuNPs as well as through synergistic bonding of electrostatic interaction and Au-S bonding between positive MG-SH and negative AuNPs. The morphology, stability, temperature-sensitive colorimetric properties, and catalytic properties of hybrid microgels were systematically investigated. Results showed that although both AuNPs@MG-OH and AuNPs@MG-SH exhibit good temperature-sensitive colorimetric properties and controllable catalytic properties for the reduction reaction of p-nitrophenol, AuNPs@MG-SH with synergistic bonding has better stability and higher catalytic performance than AuNPs@MG-OH. This work has good competitiveness against known PNIPAM-based materials and may provide an effective method for preparing smart catalysts by self-assembly with stimuli-responsive polymers, which has a great potential application for catalyzing a variety of reactions.

5.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and autologous fat transplantation (AFT) are two clinical modalities for plastic and reconstructive surgery. At present, there are few reports on the combination of these two methods in treating diabetic wounds. This study aimed to explore the effect of this combined therapy on diabetic wound healing. METHODS: Full-thickness dorsal cutaneous wounds in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes were treated with either NPWT, AFT, or combined therapy. Rats covered with commercial dressings served as the control group. Macroscopic healing kinetics were examined. The levels of inflammation-related factors, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), Arginase-1, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and angiogenesis related factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), were measured in the wound tissues on days 3, 7 and 14, and immunohistochemical staining for Arginase-1, iNOS, and CD-31 was performed on days 3, 7 and 14. The length of reepithelialization was investigated on day 14. RESULTS: The combined therapy promoted faster wound healing than the other treatments. The expression levels of the proinflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, MCP-1, and iNOS were reduced, and Arginase-1 expression was increased compared with those in the other groups. The expression levels of VEGF and CD-31 in the NPWT combined with AFT group were significantly higher than those in the other groups. Reepithelialization was faster in the NPWT combined with AFT group (by day 14) than in the other groups. CONCLUSION: Combining NPWT and AFT can enhance diabetic wound healing by improving wound inflammation and increasing wound vascularization.

6.
Integr Zool ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606497

RESUMO

Host-associated microbiota can significantly impact host fitness. Therefore, naturally occurring variations in microbiota may influence the health and persistence of their hosts. This finding is particularly important in reintroduced animals, as they typically experience habitat changes during translocations. However, little is known about how microbiomes are altered in response to conservation translocation. Here, we accessed the gut microbiome of Przewalski's horse (Equus przewalskii) populations in China from three nature reserves (i.e. Xinjiang Kalamaili Nature Reserve, KNR; Dunhuang Xihu National Nature Reserve, DXNNR; and Anxi Extreme-arid Desert Nature Reserve, AENR) using 16s rRNA gene and metagenome sequencing. The results showed that the microbial composition and function differed significantly across locations, while a subset of core taxa was consistently present in most of the samples. The abundance of genes encoding microbe-produced enzymes involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, especially for glycoside hydrolases, was significantly higher in open-spaced KNR populations than in more confined AENR individuals. This study offers detailed and significant differential characters related to the microbial community and metabolic pathways in various reintroduced sites of Przewalski's horse, which might provide a basis for future microecological and conservation research on endangered reintroduced animals.

7.
Langmuir ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621519

RESUMO

Numerous cationic magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have previously been developed for demulsifying oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion, and results showed that the cationic MNPs could effectively flocculate and remove the negatively charged oil droplets via charge attraction; however, to the best of our knowledge, there are no research reports regarding the synergetic influence of both the positive charge density and interfacial activity of MNPs on the demulsification performance. In this study, three tertiary amine polymer-grafted MNPs, namely, poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl acrylate)-grafted MNPs (M-PDMAEA), poly(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)-grafted MNPs (M-PDMAEMA), and poly(2-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-grafted MNPs (M-PDEAEMA), were synthesized and evaluated for their demulsification performance. Results demonstrated that a high positive charge density and superior interfacial activity of MNPs could cause partial oil droplet re-dispersion when excessive MNPs were introduced, leading to a lower magnetic separation efficiency and narrower demulsification window. Herein, a demulsification window is defined as a range of nanoparticle dosages in which the MNPs can effectively demulsify the O/W emulsion under certain conditions. For highly positively charged MNPs, their good interfacial activity could aggravate the formation of a narrower demulsification window. When tertiary amine polymer-grafted MNPs carried a lower positive charge density or weak interfacial activity, that is, M-PDMAEA at pH 4.0, M-PDMAEMA at pH 5.0-9.0, and M-PDEAEMA at pH 9.0-10.0, wide demulsification windows were observed. Additionally, a recycling experiment suggested that MNPs could maintain high demulsification efficiency up to at least five cycles, indicating their satisfactory recyclability. The three tertiary amine polymer-grafted MNPs can be potentially used for efficient demulsification from surfactant-free O/W emulsion in various pH ranges.

8.
Vet Parasitol ; 315: 109870, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701942

RESUMO

The genus Gasterophilus (Diptera, Gastrophilidae) is an obligate parasite of the equine family that causes widespread myiasis in desert steppe. Based on four common naturally excreted Gasterophilus larvae collected systematically in the Karamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve from March to September 2021, this paper studies the population dynamics and ontogenetic laws of horse flies, and discuss the coexistence pattern and population dynamics prediction of horse flies. The results showed that the Gasterophilus larvae had obvious concentrated development period, and the time of population peaks was different, the earliest was G. nigricornis (late March), followed by G. pecorum-Ⅰ (mid-April), G. nasalis (late April), G. intestinalis (early May), G. pecorum-Ⅱ (mid-August). The order of development threshold temperature "Cnigricornis < Cpecorum-Ⅰ ≤ Cpecorum-Ⅱ < Cnasalis < Cintestinalis" is consistent with the peak order of different larval populations. The life history survival rate (L) was as follows: Lnigricornis (83.97%) ≥ Lintestinalis (81.25%) > Lnasalis (72.42%) ≥ Lpecorum-Ⅱ (71.65%) > Lpecorum-Ⅰ (39.23%). This study combined indoor experiments and field surveys revealed the development of horse fly populations with different life strategies in desert grasslands. Based on the different development threshold temperatures of several horse flies, the staggered population dynamics of Gasterophilus form continuous infection stress on the host. In addition, G. pecorum exhibited a univoltine bimodal population distribution in this area and led to two high-intensity host infections, which is one of the important reasons why it has become the dominant species of myiasis in desert steppe.

9.
Dev Neurorehabil ; : 1-18, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36659872

RESUMO

Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are faced with long-term dysfunction. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) has been proposed but the complicated procedure limits the feasibility of clinical application and the exploration of health degrees. This study was aimed to establish a Mokken scale based on the ICF-CY for CP, and then to estimate psychometric properties through the derived Rasch model. 150 children with CP were assessed by the categories of "b" and "d" components in the core set. The binarized data was screened by the Mokken scale analysis and utilized for generating a reliable Rasch model. The validity of the final model was checked by the correlation between person ability, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and total scores. Using the Mokken scale to guide Rasch modeling, we can parameterize the properties of ICF-CY and realize the simple assessment of person abilities for children with CP.

10.
Clin Pediatr (Phila) ; : 99228221149551, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661073

RESUMO

To understand the psychological effects on behavior of girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (ICPP) and to explore the role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) in the reversal or blocking of the negative psychological effects on behaviors of girls with ICPP. A total of 100 girls with ICPP diagnosed at the Department of Endocrinology of Jiangxi Children's Hospital were divided into the treatment group and observation group with 50 cases in each group. The control group consisted of 50 healthy girls examined at our hospital during the same period. The Achenbach Child Behavior Check List ([CBCL] for parents) was used to evaluate the psychological effects on behavior of the girls diagnosed with ICPP and the girls in the control group, and the scores of related behavioral factors were calculated. At the same time, the psychological effects on behaviors of the girls with ICPP treated with GnRHa were followed up. (1) There were 100 girls with ICPP and 30 with behavioral problems. There were 50 normal healthy girls (control group) with 3 cases of behavior problems. Of the 50 girls with ICPP, after treatment, 8 had behavioral issues. The rate of abnormal psychological effects on behavior in the group of girls with ICPP before treatment was significantly higher than in the control group (P < .01), and after treatment, the rate was lower than before treatment (P < .05). (2) The scores of depression, social withdrawal, poor communication, and school discipline violation in the ICPP group were higher than those in the control group, with a statistical significance (P < .01). (3) After 24 months of GnRHa treatment for girls in the ICPP group, the scores of 4 factors, including depression, social withdrawal, poor communication, and violation of discipline in the Achenbach CBCL, were significantly different before and after treatment (P < .05). (1) Girls with ICPP have low self-esteem, low self-confidence, high incidences of psychological effects on behavior problems, manifested in depression, withdrawal, poor communication, discipline violations, and other aspects; (2) GnRHa treatment can reverse the low self-esteem and low self-confidence of girls with ICPP to varying degrees.

11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 251, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646704

RESUMO

While immunotherapy has emerged as a breakthrough cancer therapy, it is only effective in some patients, indicating the need of alternative therapeutic strategies. Induction of cancer immunogenic cell death (ICD) is one promising way to elicit potent adaptive immune responses against tumor-associated antigens. Type I interferon (IFN) is well known to play important roles in different aspects of immune responses, including modulating ICD in anti-tumor action. However, how to expand IFN effect in promoting ICD responses has not been addressed. Here we show that depletion of ubiquitin specific protease 18 (USP18), a negative regulator of IFN signaling, selectively induces cancer cell ICD. Lower USP18 expression correlates with better survival across human selected cancer types and delays cancer progression in mouse models. Mechanistically, nuclear USP18 controls the enhancer landscape of cancer cells and diminishes STAT2-mediated transcription complex binding to IFN-responsive elements. Consequently, USP18 suppression not only enhances expression of canonical IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs), but also activates the expression of a set of atypical ISGs and NF-κB target genes, including genes such as Polo like kinase 2 (PLK2), that induce cancer pyroptosis. These findings may support the use of targeting USP18 as a potential cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I , Neoplasias , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Piroptose , Pool Gênico , Transdução de Sinais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 24(1): 46, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone mineral density (BMD) and prevalence of osteoporosis may differ between urban and rural populations. This study aimed to investigate the differences in BMD characteristics between urban and rural populations in Jiangsu, China. METHODS: A total of 2,711 participants aged 20 years and older were included in the cross-sectional study. Multistage and stratified cluster random sampling was used as the sampling strategy. BMD was measured by the method of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Data were collected through questionnaires/interview. BMD values at the lumbar spine (L1-L4), femoral neck, total hip, and greater trochanter were collected. Descriptive statistics were used to demonstrate the characteristics of urban and rural participants. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was utilized to analyze the factors that may be associated with osteoporosis in urban and rural populations. RESULTS: Of these participants, 1,540 (50.49%) were females and 1,363 (42.14%) were from urban. The prevalence of osteoporosis in urban and rural populations was 5.52% and 10.33%, respectively. In terms of gender, the prevalence of osteoporosis was 2.68% in males and 13.82% in females. For menopausal status, the prevalence of osteoporosis was 30.34% in postmenopausal females and 4.78% in premenopausal females. In urban populations, older age [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.36, 95%CI, 2.35-2.36), hypertension (AOR = 1.37, 95%CI, 1.36-1.37), unmarried (AOR = 4.04, 95%CI, 3.99-4.09), smoking everyday (AOR = 2.26, 95%CI, 2.23-2.28), family history of osteoporosis (AOR = 1.66, 95%CI, 1.65-1.67), dyslipidemia (AOR = 1.05, 95%CI, 1.04-1.05), and higher ß-crosslaps (ß-CTX) level (AOR = 1.02, 95%CI, 1.02-1.02) were associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis, while males (AOR = 0.04, 95%CI, 0.04-0.04), higher education level (AOR = 0.95, 95%CI, 0.95-0.95), and aquatic product intake (AOR = 0.99, 95%CI, 0.99-0.99) were related to decreased risk of osteoporosis. Similar results were also observed in rural populations, and (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of osteoporosis in rural populations was higher than that in urban populations, and the factors associated with the risk of osteoporosis were similar in urban and rural populations.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , População Rural , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Densidade Óssea , Fatores de Risco , Absorciometria de Fóton
13.
Entropy (Basel) ; 25(1)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673319

RESUMO

Multi-level thresholding image segmentation divides an image into multiple regions of interest and is a key step in image processing and image analysis. Aiming toward the problems of the low segmentation accuracy and slow convergence speed of traditional multi-level threshold image segmentation methods, in this paper, we present multi-level thresholding image segmentation based on an improved slime mould algorithm (ISMA) and symmetric cross-entropy for global optimization and image segmentation tasks. First, elite opposition-based learning (EOBL) was used to improve the quality and diversity of the initial population and accelerate the convergence speed. The adaptive probability threshold was used to adjust the selection probability of the slime mould to enhance the ability of the algorithm to jump out of the local optimum. The historical leader strategy, which selects the optimal historical information as the leader for the position update, was found to improve the convergence accuracy. Subsequently, 14 benchmark functions were used to evaluate the performance of ISMA, comparing it with other well-known algorithms in terms of the optimization accuracy, convergence speed, and significant differences. Subsequently, we tested the segmentation quality of the method proposed in this paper on eight grayscale images and compared it with other image segmentation criteria and well-known algorithms. The experimental metrics include the average fitness (mean), standard deviation (std), peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), structure similarity index (SSIM), and feature similarity index (FSIM), which we utilized to evaluate the quality of the segmentation. The experimental results demonstrated that the improved slime mould algorithm is superior to the other compared algorithms, and multi-level thresholding image segmentation based on the improved slime mould algorithm and symmetric cross-entropy can be effectively applied to the task of multi-level threshold image segmentation.

14.
Microorganisms ; 11(1)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677432

RESUMO

Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus is a generalist that can adapt to different ecological niches, serving as a valuable source of probiotics. The genome of L. rhamnosus X253 contains one chromosome and no plasmids, with a size of 2.99 Mb. Both single-copy orthologous gene-based phylogenetic analysis and average nucleotide identity indicated that dairy-derived L. rhamnosus X253 was most closely related to the human-intestine-derived strain L. rhamnosus LOCK908, rather than other dairy strains. The adaptation of L. rhamnosus X253 and the human-intestine-derived strain L. rhamnosus GG to different ecological niches was explained by structural variation analysis and COG annotation. Hemolytic assays, API ZYM assays, and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were performed to validate risk-related sequences such as virulence factors, toxin-encoding genes, and antibiotic-resistance genes in the genomes of L. rhamnosus X253 and GG. The results showed that L. rhamnosus GG was able to use L-fucose, had a higher tolerance to bile salt, and adhered better to CaCo-2 cells. In contrast, L. rhamnosus X253 was capable of utilizing D-lactose, withstood larger quantities of hydrogen peroxide, and possessed excellent antioxidant properties. This study confirmed the safety and probiotic properties of L. rhamnosus X253 via complete genome and phenotype analysis, suggesting its potential as a probiotic.

15.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677954

RESUMO

MnS has been explored as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity, but low electronic conductivity and severe volume change induce low reversible capacity and poor cycling performance. In this work, the nanocapsule consisting of MnS nanopolyhedrons confined in independent, closed and conductive hollow polyhedral nanospheres is prepared by embedding MnCO3 nanopolyhedrons into ZIF-67, followed by coating of RF resin and gaseous sulfurization/carbonization. Benefiting from the unique nanocapsule structure, especially inner CoS/C shell and outer pure C shell, the MnS@CoS/C@C composite as anode material presents excellent cycling performance (674 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 after 300 cycles; 481 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1 after 300 cycles) and superior rate capability (1133.3 and 650.6 mAh g-1 at 0.1 and 4 A g-1), compared to the control materials (MnS and MnS@CoS/C) and other MnS composites. Kinetics measurements further reveal a high proportion of the capacitive effect and low reaction impedance of MnS@CoS/C@C. SEM and TEM observation on the cycled electrode confirms superior structural stability of MnS@CoS/C@C during long-term cycles. Excellent lithium storage performance and the convenient synthesis strategy demonstrates that the MnS@CoS/C@C nanocapsule is a promising high-performance anode material.


Assuntos
Nanocápsulas , Nanosferas , Lítio , Carbono , Eletrodos
16.
J Biomech Eng ; : 1-18, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695754

RESUMO

Rigid interspinous process fixation (RIPF) has been recently discussed as an alternative to pedicle screw fixation (PSF) for reducing trauma in lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) surgery. This study aimed to investigate biomechanics of the lumbar spine with RIPF, and also to compare biomechanical differences between two postoperative stages (before and after bony fusion). Based on an intact finite-element model of lumbosacral spine, the models of single-level LIF with RIPF or conventional PSF were developed and were computed for biomechanical responses to the moments of four physiological motions using hybrid testing protocol. It was found that compared with PSF, range of motion (ROM), intradiscal pressure (IDP), and facet joint forces (FJF) at adjacent segments of surgical level for RIPF were decreased by up to 8.4%,2.3%and16.8%, but ROM and endplate stress at surgical segment were increased by up to 285.3%and174.3%. The results of comparison between lumbar spine with RIPF before and after bony fusion showed that ROM and endplate stress at surgical segment were decreased by up to 62.6%and40.4%, when achieved to bony fusion. These findings suggest that lumbar spine with RIPF as compared to PSF has potential to decrease the risk of adjacent segment degeneration but might have lower stability of surgical segment and an increased risk of cage subsidence; When achieved bony fusion, it might be helpful for the lumbar spine with RIPF in increasing stability of surgical segment and reducing failure of bone contact with cage.

17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(4): 1613-1624, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653016

RESUMO

Bacteria play a crucial role in driving ecological processes in aquatic ecosystems. Studies have shown that bacteria-cyanobacteria interactions contributed significantly to phytoplankton dynamics. However, information on the contribution of bacterial communities to blooms remains scarce. Here, we tracked changes in the bacterial community during the development of a cyanobacterial bloom in an equatorial estuarine reservoir. Two forms of blooms were observed simultaneously corresponding to the lotic and lentic characteristics of the sampling sites where significant spatial variabilities in physicochemical water quality, cyanobacterial biomass, secondary metabolites, and cyanobacterial/bacterial compositions were detected. Microcystis dominated the upstream sites during peak periods and were succeeded by Synechococcus when the bloom subsided. For the main body of the reservoir, a mixed bloom featuring coccoid and filamentous cyanobacteria (Microcystis, Synechococcus, Planktothricoides, Nodosilinea, Raphidiopsis, and Prochlorothrix) was observed. Concentrations of the picocyanobacteria Synechococcus remained high throughout the study, and their positive correlations with cylindrospermopsin and anatoxin-a suggested that they could produce cyanotoxins, which pose more damaging impacts than previously supposed. Succession of different cyanobacteria (Synechococcus and Microcystis) following changes in nutrient composition and ionic strength was demonstrated. The microbiomes associated with blooms were unique to the dominant cyanobacteria. Generic and specialized bloom biomarkers for the Microcystis and downstream mixed blooms were also identified. Microscillaceae, Chthoniobacteraceae, and Roseomonas were the major heterotrophic bacteria associated with Microcystis bloom, whereas Phycisphaeraceae and Methylacidiphilaceae were the most prominent groups for the Synechococcus bloom. Collectively, bacterial community can be greatly deviated by the geological condition, monsoon season, cyanobacterial density, and dominant cyanobacteria.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Microcystis , Synechococcus , Fitoplâncton , Qualidade da Água , Lagos/microbiologia
18.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 292: 122401, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716603

RESUMO

To integrate a quasi-periodic micro-nano structure (PMS) to the organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) is an efficient way to enhance the performance of OLEDs. In this paper, the PMS prepared by the phase separation of Polystyrene and Poly (methyl methacrylate) was integrated to the OLEDs with the structures of Glass/PMS/Ag (30 nm)/MoO3 (5 nm)/(NPB) (40 nm)/(Alq3) (60 nm)/LiF (0.5 nm)/Al (150 nm). The maximum luminance intensity and external quantum efficiency increased to 10700 cd/m2 and 1.11 %, which is 48 % and 44 % higher than that of 7209 cd/m2 and 0.77 % of the planar reference device. The enhanced performance of OLEDs was ascribed to the attenuation of surface plasmon polariton loss caused by the PMS, which was testified by the Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulation. The PMS was also transferred to the hole transfer layer (PEDOT: PSS) of OLEDs by nano-imprinting lithography with the structure of Glass/(ITO) (100 nm)/PEDOT: PSS (100 nm) (with PMS)/NPB (10 nm)/Alq3 (50 nm)/LiF (0.5 nm)/Al (100 nm). The performance was also improved by the optimized PMS and the light out-coupling efficiency increased to about 49.5 %, which is much higher than that of 28.8 % in the OLEDs with PMS Ag anode and 20 % in the planar reference devices. This suggests that the PMS can improve the OLED device performance regardless of the functional layer in which the PMS is integrated.

19.
Food Chem ; 412: 135577, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716629

RESUMO

Roasting influences the color, flavor, and antioxidant activities of peanuts. However, the biochemical mechanisms that occur during roasting are not well known. In this study, the dynamic changes in non-volatile and volatile metabolites in raw, light, and dark roasted peanuts were investigated using ultra-performance liquid chromatography with a widely targeted metabolomic approach based on tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 738 non-volatile metabolites (comprising 12 subclasses) and 71 volatile metabolites (comprising 14 subclasses) were identified in raw and roasted peanuts. Significantly different non-volatile and volatile metabolites were detected. Among them, amino acids, sugars, and lipids (lysophosphatidylethanolamines and oxidized fatty acids) were found to be highly linked to flavor formation. In addition, the enhanced color and antioxidant activities of peanuts were attributed to the Maillard reaction and sugar degradation. These results provide comprehensive insights into the quality improvements of peanuts during roasting.

20.
Phytochemistry ; 207: 113581, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592859

RESUMO

Four undescribed and two known cucurbitane-type triterpenoids, including two heterodimers, elaeocarpudubins A and B, were isolated from the branches of Elaeocarpus dubius (Elaeocarpaceae). The chemical structures of these undescribed isolates were determined by analyses of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations, and chemical transformation. Biogenetically, elaeocarpudubins A and B might be derived from cucurbitacin F through Michael addition with vitamin C and (-)-catechin, respectively. These six isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against human leukemia HL-60, human lung adenocarcinoma A549, human hepatoma SMMC-7721, human breast cancer MCF-7, human colon cancer SW480, and paclitaxel-resistant A549 (A549/Taxol) cell lines, for their antioxidant properties using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay, and for their differentiation effects on nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite outgrowth in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Cucurbitacins F (IC50 of 4.98-38.11 µM) and D (IC50 of 0.03-4.40 µM) showed growth-inhibitory activities against these six cancer cell lines. Elaeocarpudubin B (IC50 of 61.04 µM) and elaeocarpudoside B (IC50 of 6.93 µM) showed antioxidant activities. Elaeocarpudubin B and elaeocarpudoside B also showed neurite outgrowth-promoting activities in PC12 cells at a concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Elaeocarpaceae , Triterpenos , Ratos , Animais , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Triterpenos/química , Células PC12 , Esqueleto , Elaeocarpaceae/química
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