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1.
Cell Prolif ; : e12769, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: M-phase phosphoprotein 6 (MPP6) is important for 5.8S pre-rRNA maturation in somatic cells and was screened as a female fertility factor. However, whether MPP6 functions in oocyte meiosis and fertility is not yet known. We aimed to address this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse oocytes with surrounded nucleus (SN) or non-surrounded nucleus (NSN) were used for all experiments. Peptide nanoparticle-mediated antibody transfection was used to deplete MPP6. Immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemistry and live tracker staining were used to examine MPP6 localization and characterize phenotypes after control or MPP6 depletion. High-fidelity PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to examine the localization and level of 5.8S rRNAs. Western blot was used to examine the protein level. MPP6-EGFP mRNA microinjection was used to do the rescue. RESULTS: MPP6 was enriched within ovaries and oocytes. MPP6 depletion significantly impeded oocyte meiosis. MPP6 depletion increased 5.8S pre-rRNA. The mRNA levels of MPP6 and 5.8S rRNA decreased within ageing oocytes, and MPP6 mRNA injection partially increased 5.8S rRNA maturation and improved oocyte quality. CONCLUSIONS: MPP6 is required for 5.8S rRNA maturation, meiosis and quality control in mouse oocytes, and MPP6 level might be a marker for oocyte quality.

2.
Virol J ; 17(1): 17, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anhui Province in China is facing a severe HIV epidemic with an increasing number of newly diagnosed cases. METHODS: In this study, HIV genetic characteristics in the province were investigated. Newly reported HIV-positive individuals from 15 districts of Anhui Province were enrolled and interviewed. Total viral RNA was extracted from plasma isolated from blood samples. We amplified and sequenced an HIV pol fragment of the 1062 bp. The sequences were used for determination of HIV subtypes and the presence of drug resistance mutations. Transmission networks were constructed to explore possible relationships. And all of assembled partial pol genes were submitted to the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database website to find the transmitted drug resistance. RESULTS: Partial pol gene sequences were obtained from 486 cases. The results showed that MSM was the most dominant transmission route (253, 52.06%), followed by heterosexual transmission (210, 43.21%) and blood-borne transmission (1, 0.21%). Many subtypes were identified, including CRF01_AE (226, 46.50%), CRF07_BC (151, 31.07%), subtype B (28, 5.76%), CRF08_BC (20, 4.12%), CRF55_01B (15, 3.09%), CRF68_01B (7, 1.44%), CRF67_01B (3, 0.62%), CRF57_BC (2, 0.41%), CRF59_01B (2, 0.41%), CRF79_0107 (2, 0.41%), subtype C (2, 0.41%), CRF64_BC (1, 0.21%), and circulating recombinant forms (URFs) (27, 5.55%). Four transmission subnetworks containing high transmission risk individuals (with degree ≥4) were identified based on CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC sequences, including two CRF01_AE transmission subnetworks constituted by elderly people with average ages of 67.9 and 61.5 years. Infection occurred most likely through heterosexual transmission, while the other two CRF07_BC transmission subnetworks consist mainly of MSMs with average ages of 31.73 and 34.15. The level of HIV-transmitted drug resistance is 3.09%. CONCLUSIONS: The simultaneous spread of multiple HIV subtypes in Anhui province underscores that close surveillance of the local HIV epidemic is necessary. Furthermore, the elderly people were frequently involved, arguing for behaviour intervention in this specific population besides the MSM risk group.

3.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 147(1): EL43, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007000

RESUMO

Simultaneous measurements of wind velocity and pressure fluctuations were conducted in a wind tunnel to investigate the wind noise source inside compact spherical open celled porous windscreens. The existing outdoor wind noise models are found to be inadequate to predict the wind noise inside a wind tunnel. This paper proposes a model to predict the interior stagnation pressure, which agrees with the wind noise measured inside the windscreen within a bandwidth, where the exterior turbulence-turbulence interaction pressure overestimates the wind noise level. The limitations of the proposed model and other potential sources for wind noise inside porous windscreens are discussed.

4.
Genomics ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070763

RESUMO

Camels as a sort of animal long living in desert have evolved stress-resistance characteristics to adapt to environment with high temperature and water shortage environment. However, the research of non-coding RNA (ncRNA)-mediated molecular regulation about how camel responds to arid condition in post-transcriptional regulation level is deficient. Under water-deprivation stress, by RNA-sequencing of camel renal medulla associated with regulating water metabolism, we detected significantly differential 575 alternative splicing events (ASEs) and 17 mRNAs, 26 miRNAs and 0 lncRNA. The down-regulated ACLY and LOC105061856, up-regulated PCBP2 and miR-195 potentially targeting LOC105061856 and PCBP2 mRNA were selected as candidate resistance-related genes. In quantitative experiment, the expression level of above four genes was consistent with RNA-seq data by qRT-PCR. The suppressive cell dehydration with down-regulated ACLY, inhibitive aerobic respiration with down-regulated LOC105061856 targeted by miR-195 and strong anti-oxidative capability with PCBP2 aimed by miR-195 may be regulatory modes of camel renal medulla adapting to water-deprivation condition.

5.
Chemosphere ; 244: 125546, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050342

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is the most common micronutrient and that becomes toxic when present at higher concentrations in aquatic environments. Astaxanthin (AST) has been documented to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of dietary AST and Se exposure on oxidative stress, and inflammatory response in Channa argus. After acclimation, 540 fish were randomly distributed into nine groups housed in twenty-seven glass tanks. The fish were exposed for 8 weeks to waterborne Se at 0, 100 and 200 µg L-1 or dietary AST at 0, 50 and 100 mg kg-1. The results shown that Se accumulation in the kidney, liver, spleen, intestine and gill were significantly increased following Se exposure, dietary 50 and 100 mg kg-1 AST supplementation decreased the accumulation of Se in the kidney, liver, spleen, and intestine. In addition, AST supplementation can decrease oxidative stress and inflammatory response in the liver and spleen following exposure to waterborne Se. These results indicate that AST has the potential to alleviate the effects of Se toxicity in C. argus.

6.
Hypertens Res ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051566

RESUMO

We investigated blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in untreated patients (n = 645). Normotension and white-coat, masked, and sustained hypertension were defined according to the clinic (cutoff 140/90 mmHg) and 24-h ambulatory (130/80 mmHg) BPs. The Finometer device recorded beat-to-beat finger BP and electrocardiograms in the supine and standing positions for the computation of frequency-domain power-spectral BP and heart rate variability indexes and BRS. In multivariate analysis, BP variability indexes in the supine position differed significantly (P < 0.0001) for both low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components and the LF/HF ratio, with the lowest LF and HF power and highest LF/HF ratio in white-coat hypertension (n = 28), the highest LF and HF power and lowest LF/HF ratio in sustained hypertension (n = 198), and intermediate values in normotension (n = 189) and masked hypertension (n = 230). These differences diminished in the standing position, being significant (P < 0.0001) only for the LF component variability. The LF/HF ratio in BP in the supine position decreased with advancing age in normotension and sustained hypertension (P ≤ 0.03) but not white-coat or masked hypertension (P ≥ 0.12). For heart rate variability, a significant difference was observed only for the LF component in the supine position (P = 0.0005), which was lowest in white-coat hypertension. BRS in masked and sustained hypertension was significantly (P ≤ 0.0001) lower than that in normotension in both supine and standing positions and decreased with advancing age (P ≤ 0.0001). In conclusion, masked, but not white-coat, hypertension showed similar patterns of, but slightly less severe, changes in BP and heart rate variability and BRS to sustained hypertension.

7.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078085

RESUMO

Comparison in pediatric hemorrhagic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) to clarify the long-term neurological outcomes and prognostic predictors after surgical intervention was relatively rare, especially in the selection of surgical timing. The objective of this study was to elucidate these points. The authors retrospectively reviewed the pediatric hemorrhagic AVMs resected in their neurosurgical department between March 2010 and June 2017. The natural history was represented by rupture risk. Neurological outcome was assessed with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) for children. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the risk factors for disability (mRS > 2). The hemorrhagic early phase was defined as less than 30 days after bleeding. The corresponding prognosis of different surgical timing (early intervention or delayed intervention) was compared after propensity-score matching (PSM). A total of 111 pediatric hemorrhagic AVM patients were evaluated. The average patient age was 11.1 ± 4.0 years, with a mean follow-up of 4.3 ± 2.1 years. The annualized rupture risk was 9.3% for the pediatric hemorrhagic AVMs, and the annualized re-rupture risk was 9.8%. 7.2% of the patients had disabilities (mRS > 2) and 82.0% achieved neurological deficit-free (mRS < 2) at the last follow-up. Pre-treatment mRS (P = 0.042) and flow-related aneurysms (P = 0.039) were independent factors for long-term disability. In terms of short-term outcomes, early intervention was better than delayed intervention (P = 0.033), but the long-term outcomes were similar between the two groups (P = 0.367). Surgical intervention for pediatric hemorrhagic AVMs is recommended, most of the patients can achieve good neurological outcomes. Moreover, early surgical intervention is preferred after the initial hemorrhage.

8.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103659, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078940

RESUMO

Seven flavonoid dimers, biflavocochins A-G, together with six known compounds were isolated from the red resins of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Chinese dragon's blood). Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of 1-7 was assigned by experimental and quantum chemical calculated ECD spectra, and that of 4 was further established by X-ray diffraction analysis using Cu Kα radiation. Compounds 1-3 are novel dimers of homoisoflavonoid and dihydrochalcone with a unique dibenzopyran ring. Compounds 2, 6, 7 exhibited moderate PTP1B inhibitory activities in an enzyme assay. Compound 1 showed neuroprotective effect on serum deficiency-induced cellular damage in PC12 cells.

9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 189: 110874, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087531

RESUMO

Here, PEI@PMMA microspheres were prepared by grafting polyethyleneimine (PEI) on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) magnetic microspheres and successfully used to immobilize lipase. The results showed that PEI@PMMA microspheres had strongly adsorbed lipase (49.1 mg/g microsphere) via electrostatic attraction. To prevent lipase shedding, the adsorbed lipase was further crosslinked with PEI on microspheres using glutaraldehyde as crosslinker. Consequently, PEI-crosslinked lipase (2.14 U/mg) exhibited 2.6 times and 1.4 times higher activity respectively than the directly covalent lipase (0.82 U/mg) and the crosslinked lipase aggregates (1.57 U/mg), which was close to the activity of adsorbed lipase (2.20 U/mg). Conformational analysis from FTIR spectroscopy showed that PEI-crosslinked lipase retained its natural structure well. And the α-helix structure seemed to play a key role in enhancing lipase activity. Furthermore, the effects of various parameters on crosslinking reaction were investigated. Also, PEI-crosslinked lipase revealed higher pH and thermal stability. The Michaelis constant (Km) was increased and the optimum temperature of lipase was widened observably after crosslinking with PEI on PEI@PMMA magnetic microspheres.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045316

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the application of nanocarbon in surgical endoscopy in patients with thyroid cancer for the clinical tracing of level VI sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) and for parathyroid gland protection. Materials and Methods: Ninety-three patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who underwent an endoscopic thyroid cancer operation were included. We randomly divided these patients into a control group (n = 42) and a nanocarbon group (n = 51). For the nanocarbon group, after thyroid exposure, nanocarbon was injected into the thyroid gland, and the SLNs were resected and subjected to frozen sectioning and routine pathological examination. In addition, the postoperative calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels of both groups were analyzed to compare the features of the nanocarbon application. Results: The number of central lymph (level VI) nodes dissected and the number of metastatic lymph nodes identified were analyzed in both groups. The number of dissected lymph nodes from both unilateral and bilateral thyroid surgeries was significantly larger in the nanocarbon group than in the control group. At the same time, the number of identified metastasis lymph nodes dissected were higher in the nanocarbon group than in the control group. We assessed the postoperative calcium and PTH level to evaluate the parathyroid function. Our results show that the nanocarbon group had a better protective effect on parathyroid function than the control group. Conclusions: As a lymph node trace agent, nanocarbon could better evaluate and permit a more clear lymph dissection for patients with PTC. Nanocarbon contributes to a decrease in the incidence rate of parathyroid damage, which has great clinical value.

12.
J Viral Hepat ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048386

RESUMO

Not all treatment-naïve patients receiving entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy can achieve complete virological response, and many factors may be related with the outcome of partial virological response. This study aimed to determine whether the manner of drug administration affects the antiviral efficacy of ETV/TDF monotherapy. All eligible patients were divided into complete or partical response cohorts based on their virological response following 24-weeks therapy. Factors related with partial response were evaluated. Patients with partial response were further grouped depending on whether they later adjusted the manner of drug administration, and the antiviral efficacy was compared between the two groups during prolonged treatment. A total of 518 patients were enrolled. Suboptimal drug administration (OR 77.511, p =0.000), positive-HBeAg (OR 3.191, p =0.000) and ETV treatment (OR 2.537, p =0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for partial response. Among patients with partial response, 213 were in the adjusted group and 76 were in the unadjusted group. The percentages of patients with undetectable serum HBV DNA (78.9% vs 31.6%, p <0.001) and with normal ALT (88.7% vs 68.4%, p <0.001) were both higher in the adjusted group than that in unadjusted group following a further 6-months therapy. In conclusion, the manner of drug administration is an important factor influencing the efficacy of ETV/TDF therapy, and optimal drug administration manner can help to increase antiviral efficacy and rescue patients with partial response.

13.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 320: 108543, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028204

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of growth conditions on proteolytic activity of six Pseudomonas strains, (Pseudomonas fragi DZ1, Pseudomonas koreensis DZ138, Pseudomonas rhodesiae DZ351, Pseudomonas fluorescens DZ390, Pseudomonas synxantha DZ832 and Pseudomonas lundensis DZ845), isolated from raw milk. The proteolytic activity of all Pseudomonas strains in dairy media (skim milk and whole milk) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in non-dairy media (TSB), with most activity from Pseudomonas grown in whole milk. The proteolytic activity from P. lundensis DZ845 grown in TSB with the addition of 5% (w/v) butter was higher than other dairy ingredients added to TSB and the amount of proteolytic activity increased with increasing concentrations of butter (from 5 to 15%). P. rhodesiae DZ351 showed little proteolytic activity in all TSB supplemented with dairy ingredients. Only four of the six strains produced one protease of 47 kDa when grown in TSB. However, all six strains were able to produce at least one type of proteases in milk medium. For P. lundensis DZ845, a 12% casein zymography gel revealed that the presence of butter could induce proteolytic activity. This is the first study showing the effect of milk fat (butter) on the proteolytic activity of Pseudomonas. This highlights the greater vulnerability of whole milk compared to skim milk to proteolytic activity.

14.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053248

RESUMO

The ciliate Balantidium ctenopharyngodoni is the most prominent protist in the guts of grass carp, where it mainly inhabits the creamy luminal contents of the hindgut. Ciliates are generally colonized by microorganisms via phagotrophic feeding. In order to study the intracellular bacteria in this ciliate, we have successfully established it in in-vitro culture. Herein, we investigated and compared the bacterial community structures of cultured and freshly collected B. ctenopharyngodoni. The results showed that these two groups exhibited different bacterial communities. The most abundant bacterial family in freshly collected samples was Enterobacteriaceae, while in cultured samples it was Fusobacteriaceae. In addition, a key intracellular bacterium, Cetobacterium somerae, was identified in the cytoplasm of cultured ciliates using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). This study shows that ciliates can retain the intracellular bacteria acquired in the natural habitat for quite a long time, but the bacterial community structure of ciliates eventually changes after a long period of cultivation.

15.
Food Chem ; 315: 126226, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018081

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxidation on the structure of pork myofibrillar proteins (MPs) and the water retention mechanism of MPs gel. In a Fenton reaction system, protein oxidation increases (P < 0.05) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration (0, 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 mmol/L). The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of the proteins gel gradually increased (P < 0.05) from 6.17 m2/g to 14.73 m2/g. Low field nuclear magnetic resonance results showed that immobilized water in the gel gradually decreased but free water content gradually increased (P < 0.05). Gel strength and water holding capacity (WHC) increased and then decreased. The results reveal that moderate oxidation contributes to the compact and uniform pore structure, higher WHC of proteins gel as well. However, excessive oxidation leads to increase pores and changes in water states of gel, leading to lower WHC.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2564, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054886

RESUMO

Nonlinear implementations of acoustic diodes are inherently nonreciprocal and have received continuous attention from the beginning of the research boom for acoustic diodes. However, all the reported nonlinear schemes usually have the shortcomings such as low transmission ratio, action threshold, lack of stability and cumbersome setups. In the present design, we take advantage of extraordinarily large contact acoustic nonlinearity which is several orders of magnitude stronger than material nonlinearity. It is theoretically found that the spectra of the transmitted wave depend on the contact time. It is proven experimentally that the contact nonlinearity can be tamed by adjusting the driving amplitude, the static stress and the elastic constants of the materials. In order to build a compact acoustic diode, a sub-wavelength filter with a sandwich structure is designed. The total length of the acoustic diode is only three eighths of the incident wavelength. The amplitude-dependent behavior of the device exhibits similarities with electronic diodes. A more than 50% transmission ratio is obtained. A robust, stable, compact, highly efficient and solid-state acoustic diode is realized.

17.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13210, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis. Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) serves as a major contributor to the long-term prognosis of KD. In addition, acute KD usually also leads to several kinds of noncoronary cardiac abnormalities (NCA) involving the pericardium, myocardium and endocardium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 142 Chinese children with KD were recruited from July 2015 to April 2018. Blood samples were collected at 24 h pre-Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. Several inflammatory mediators and biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction were detected. Echocardiography and electrocardiography (ECG) were performed. RESULTS: Plasma white blood cells counts (WBC) was significantly increased in patients with IVIG-nonresponsive KD when compared with their IVIG-responsive counterparts. A total of 106 children (74.65%) suffered from NCA, including 8 patients (5.63%) with pericardial effusion, 23 patients (16.20%) with acute myocarditis, 101 patients (71.13%) with valvular regurgitation, and 8 patients (5.63%) with abnormal ECG. No significant differences were observed in the distribution of clinical classification and the response to IVIG therapy regardless of NCA exhibited or not. CONCLUSIONS: NCA is almost universal in acute KD and mainly manifests as valvular regurgitation. However, it has no influence on clinical classification and the response to IVIG therapy.

18.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 74, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Dicrocoeliidae are digenetic trematodes mostly parasitic in the bile ducts and gall bladder of various avian and mammalian hosts. Until recently their systematics was based on morphological data only. Due to the high morphological uniformity across multiple dicrocoeliid taxa and insufficient knowledge of relative systematic value of traditionally used morphological characters, their taxonomy has always been unstable. Therefore, DNA sequence data provide a critical independent source of characters for phylogenetic inference and improvement of the system. METHODS: We examined the phylogenetic affinities of three avian dicrocoeliids representing the genera Brachylecithum, Brachydistomum and Lyperosomum, using partial sequences of the nuclear large ribosomal subunit (28S) RNA gene. We also sequenced the complete or nearly complete mitogenomes of these three isolates and conducted a comparative mitogenomic analysis with the previously available mitogenomes from three mammalian dicrocoeliids (from 2 different genera) and examined the phylogenetic position of the family Dicrocoeliidae within the order Plagiorchiida based on concatenated nucleotide sequences of all mitochondrial genes (except trnG and trnE). RESULTS: Combined nucleotide diversity, Kimura-2-parameter distance, non-synonymous/synonymous substitutions ratio and average sequence identity analyses consistently demonstrated that cox1, cytb, nad1 and two rRNAs were the most conserved and atp6, nad5, nad3 and nad2 were the most variable genes across dicrocoeliid mitogenomes. Phylogenetic analyses based on mtDNA sequences did not support the close relatedness of the Paragonimidae and Dicrocoeliidae and suggested non-monophyly of the Gorgoderoidea as currently recognized. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that fast-evolving mitochondrial genes atp6, nad5 and nad3 would be better markers than slow-evolving genes cox1 and nad1 for species discrimination and population level studies in the Dicrocoeliidae. Furthermore, the Dicrocoeliidae being outside of the clade containing other xiphidiatan trematodes suggests a need for the re-evaluation of the taxonomic content of the Xiphidiata.

19.
Blood Cancer J ; 10(2): 16, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029705

RESUMO

Large-scale chromosomal translocations are frequent oncogenic drivers in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These translocations often occur in critical transcriptional/epigenetic regulators and contribute to malignant cell growth through alteration of normal gene expression. Despite this knowledge, the specific gene expression alterations that contribute to the development of leukemia remain incompletely understood. Here, through characterization of transcriptional regulation by the RUNX1-ETO fusion protein, we have identified Ras-association domain family member 2 (RASSF2) as a critical gene that is aberrantly transcriptionally repressed in t(8;21)-associated AML. Re-expression of RASSF2 specifically inhibits t(8;21) AML development in multiple models. Through biochemical and functional studies, we demonstrate RASSF2-mediated functions to be dependent on interaction with Hippo kinases, MST1 and MST2, but independent of canonical Hippo pathway signaling. Using proximity-based biotin labeling we define the RASSF2-proximal proteome in leukemia cells and reveal association with Rac GTPase-related proteins, including an interaction with the guanine nucleotide exchange factor, DOCK2. Importantly, RASSF2 knockdown impairs Rac GTPase activation, and RASSF2 expression is broadly correlated with Rac-mediated signal transduction in AML patients. Together, these data reveal a previously unappreciated mechanistic link between RASSF2, Hippo kinases, and Rac activity with potentially broad functional consequences in leukemia.

20.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031379

RESUMO

Two highly rearranged daphniphyllum alkaloids, daphnillonins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from Daphniphyllum longeracemosum and structurally characterized by a combination of diverse methods, including the calculation of electronic circular dichroism. Compound 1 possesses an unprecedented carbon architecture with a very unique 8-methyl-6-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane moiety, and compound 2 represents a new carbon skeleton with an uncommon 7/6/5/7/5/5-fused ring system. The biosynthetic pathways for the two alkaloids were proposed with the concurrent major alkaloids as the precursors.

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