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1.
Food Chem ; 338: 128116, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092008

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the cytoprotective effects of dihydromyricetin (DHM) against deoxynivalenol (DON)-induced toxicity and accompanied metabolic pathway changes in porcine jejunum epithelial cells (IPEC-J2). The cells were incubated in 250 ng/ml DON cotreated with 40 µM DHM, followed by toxicity analysis, oxidative stress reaction analysis, inflammatory response analysis and metabolomic analysis. The results showed that DHM significantly increased the cell viability (P < 0.01), the intracellular GSH level (P < 0.01) and decreased the intracellular ROS level (P < 0.01), the secretion of TNF-α, IL-8 (P < 0.01) and the apoptotic cell percentages (P < 0.01) in IPEC-J2 cells compared to that in the DON group. Metabolomic analysis revealed that DHM recovered the disorder of metabolic pathways such as glutamate metabolism, arachidonic metabolism and histidine metabolism caused by DON. In summary, DHM alleviated cell injury induced by DON and it is possibly through its antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity or ability to regulate metabolic pathways.

2.
Appetite ; 156: 104851, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breakfast is commonly described as the most important meal of the day; however, we have little information regarding its relevance for childhood overweight and obesity in southern mainland China. This study aimed to assess the association between breakfast preferences, consumption location and overweight and obesity for children in Shenzhen. METHODS: Among 6126 children (median age 7.2 years) at primary schools, 3504 were finally included after a questionnaire survey and physical examination. Ten commonly consumed foods/beverages for breakfast in southern China were exposure variables, and consumption location, total energy demographic and other dietary characteristics were covariates in logistic regression to determine the effect of breakfast preferences on overweight and obesity, estimating odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Probability of overweight/general obesity was inversely associated with children eating plain congee for breakfast (adjusted OR 0.689, 95% CI 0.566-0.838), restricted to boys after stratification. Probability of overweight/general obesity and central obesity was positively associated with usually eating steamed rice roll for breakfast (OR 1.309, 95% CI 1.090-1.571 and OR 1.351, 95% CI 1.064-1.717, respectively), but the effect on overweight/obesity remained statistically significant for only boys after stratification. Eating steamed rice roll for breakfast and eating out for breakfast had an additive interaction on overweight/obesity. Additionally, eating bread for breakfast had a mild favorable effect on overweight/obesity but only for girls. CONCLUSIONS: Keeping a healthy weight might benefit children who eat plain congee or bread for breakfast in China. However, frequent consumption of steamed rice roll for breakfast and especially eating out could contribute to overweight and obesity. Thus, we need to promote a healthier breakfast pattern among children in southern China to reduce the odds of obesity.

3.
Talanta ; 222: 121686, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167290

RESUMO

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the main pathogens involved in hospital and community infection. To rapidly and sensitively detect the mecA gene, which is relevant to methicillin-resistant strains, microchip electrophoresis (MCE) integrated with isothermal strand-displacement polymerase reaction (ISDPR) was developed. In the ISDPR signal recycle amplification, the target DNA opened the DNA hairpin structure by specifically binding with the hairpin probe (HP), and then the primer hybridized with the probe and released the target DNA in the presence of Klenow Fragment exo- (KF exo-) polymerase. The released target DNA hybridized with the next HP and then was displaced by the primer again, consequently achieving target recycling and amplification. The amplified products of the HP-cDNA duplex were separated rapidly from other DNAs by MCE. Under optimal conditions, the limit of detection of the target DNA was as low as 12.3 pM (S/N = 3). The proposed ISDPR with MCE method was also successfully applied to detect methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and the experimental results showed that it had some advantages such as being label free, ultrasensitive, rapid and well separated.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 246: 118960, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017795

RESUMO

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a prevalent liver disease and the leading cause for acute liver failure (ALF) worldwide. Screening of DILI in patients is central to ensure drug safety and improve therapy efficiency. Mounting evidences revealed that peroxynitrite (ONOO-) is involved in the DILI process and can be a potential biomarker for DILI. Thus far, there are few two-photon fluorescence probes for ONOO- that can accomplish this challenging task in DILI liver tissues. Hereby, a peroxynitrite activatable two-photon fluorescence probe BN-PN for the imaging of ONOO- in mice liver was elaborately constructed. The probe specifically reacted with peroxynitrite to furnish 140-fold fluorescence increase in vitro, which elucidated a high sensitivity for ONOO-. Thus, subtle changes of ONOO- levels in live cells can be sensitively imaged with this probe by two-photon microscopy. The probe also denoted the overproduction of ONOO- in APAP-induced liver injury, and proved that administration with NAC can effectively alleviate DILI and reduce ONOO- production in mouse liver. Further, the probe demonstrated the rapid rise of ONOO- level in the liver of DILI mice administrated with alcohol. This work disclosed the rational construction of a two-photon fluorescence probe-based DILI screening method, which would help the estimation of drug safety and new drug development.

5.
Protein Expr Purif ; 178: 105777, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069826

RESUMO

Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) has been recognized as the third class of redox cofactors in addition to the well-known nicotinamides (NAD(P)+) and flavins (FAD, FMN). It plays important physiological roles in various organisms and has strong antioxidant properties. The biosynthetic pathway of PQQ involves a gene cluster composed of 4-7 genes, named pqqA-G, among which pqqA is a key gene for PQQ synthesis, encoding the precursor peptide PqqA. To produce recombinant PqqA in E. coli, fusion tags were used to increase the stability and solubility of the peptide, as well simplify the scale-up of the fermentation process. In this paper, pqqA from Gluconobacter oxydans 621H was expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) as a fusion protein with SUMO and purified using a hexahistidine (His6) tag. The SUMO fusion protein and His6 tag were specifically recognized and cleaved by the SUMO specific ULP protease, and immobilized-metal affinity chromatography was used to obtain high-purity precursor peptide PqqA. Expression and purification of target proteins was confirmed by Tricine-SDS-PAGE. Finally, the synthesis of PQQ in a cell-free enzymatic reaction in vitro was confirmed by LC-MS.

6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(1): 22-42, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213611

RESUMO

Based on gas adsorption theory, high-pressure mercury intrusion (HPMI), low-temperature liquid nitrogen gas adsorption (LT-N2GA), CO2 adsorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques were used to analyze the pore structures of six coal samples with different metamorphisms in terms of pore volume, specific surface area (SSA), pore size distribution (PSD) and pore shape. Combined with the gas adsorption constant a, the influence and mechanism of the pore structure of different coal ranks on gas adsorption capacity were analyzed. The results show that there are obvious differences in the pore structure of coals with different ranks, which leads to different adsorption capacities. To a large extent, the pore shapes observed by SEM are consistent with the LT-N2GA isotherm analysis. The pore morphology of coal samples with different ranks is very different, indicating the heterogeneity among the coal surfaces. Adsorption analysis revealed that mesopore size distributions are multimodal and that the pore volume is mainly composed of mesopores of 2-15 nm. The adsorption capacity of the coal body micropores depends on the 0.6-0.9 nm and 1.5-2.0 nm aperture sections. The influence of coal rank on gas desorption and diffusion is mainly related to the difference in pore structure. The medium metamorphic coal sample spectra show that the number of peaks in the high-wavenumber segment is small and that it is greater in the high metamorphic coal. The absorption intensity of the C-H stretching vibration peak of naphthenic or aliphatic hydrocarbons varies significantly among the coal samples. Over a small range of angles, as the scattering angle increases, the scattering intensity of each coal sample gradually decreases, and as the degree of metamorphism increases, the scattering intensity gradually increases. That is, the degree of metamorphism of coal samples is directly proportional to the scattering intensity. The influence of coal rank on gas adsorption capacity is mainly related to the difference in pore structure. The gas adsorption capacity shows an asymmetric U-shaped relationship with coal rank. For higher rank coals (Vdaf < 15%), the gas adsorption consistently decreases significantly with increasing Vdaf. In the middle and low rank coal stages (Vdaf > 15%), it increases slowly with the increase of Vdaf. We believe that the results of this study will provide a theoretical basis and practical reference value for effectively evaluating coal-rock gas storage capacity, revealing the law of CBM enrichment and the development and utilization of CBM resources.

7.
Mol Plant ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186754

RESUMO

Nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins play critical roles in plant immunity. However, how NLRs are regulated and activate defense signaling is not fully understood. The rice (Oryza sativa) NLR receptor Piz-t confers broad-spectrum resistance to the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae and the RING-type E3 ligase AVRPIZ-T INTERACTING PROTEIN 10 (APIP10) negatively regulates Piz-t accumulation. In this study, we found that APIP10 interacts with two rice transcription factors, VASCULAR PLANT ONE-ZINC FINGER 1 (OsVOZ1) and OsVOZ2, and promotes their degradation through the 26S proteasome pathway. OsVOZ1 displays transcriptional repression activity while OsVOZ2 confers transcriptional activation activity in planta. The osvoz1 and osvoz2 single mutants display modest but opposite M. oryzae resistance in the non-Piz-t background. However, the osvoz1 osvoz2 double mutant exhibits strong dwarfism and cell death, and silencing of both genes via RNA interference also leads to dwarfism, mild cell death, and enhanced resistance to M. oryzae in the non-Piz-t background. OsVOZ1 and OsVOZ2 both interact with Piz-t. Double silencing of OsVOZ1 and OsVOZ2 in the Piz-t background decreases Piz-t protein accumulation and transcription, reactive oxygen species-dependent cell death, and resistance to M. oryzae containing AvrPiz-t. Together, these results demonstrate that OsVOZ1 and OsVOZ2 negatively regulate basal defense but contribute positively to Piz-t-mediated immunity.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183753

RESUMO

The charge recombination on the interfaces of TiO2/quantum dots (QDs)/electrolyte is a key factor limiting the efficiency of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs). Construction of double-layer barrier structure of ZnS/QDs/ZnS is a vital strategy to suppress the interfacial charge recombination. However, a large lattice mismatch (12%) at CdSe/ZnS interfaces causes CdSe to grow slowly on TiO2/ZnS mesoporous film, weakening the interaction between QDs and mesoporous film, which reducing the efficiency of CdSe QDSSCs with double ZnS barrier layers. Applying a voltage of 2 V in successive ionic layer adsorption reaction (VASILAR) to create an electric field, which assists Cd2+ and SeSO32- ions rapidly diffuse into the TiO2/ZnS mesoporous film to react forming CdSe QDs at room temperature. Optimizing the number of CdSe QDs deposition layers and combine with ZnS double-layer barrier structure, a best PCE of 4.34% for ZnS/CdSe/ZnS QDSSCs is achieved. This study gives a fast and simple approach to inhibit interfacial charge recombination to construct high performance CdSe QDSSCs.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179754

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy targeting co-inhibitory pathways by checkpoint blockade shows remarkable efficacy in a variety of cancer types. However, only a minority of patients respond to treatment due to the stochastic heterogeneity of tumor microenvironment (TME). Recent advances in single-cell RNA-seq technologies enabled comprehensive characterization of the immune system heterogeneity in tumors but posed computational challenges on integrating and utilizing the massive published datasets to inform immunotherapy. Here, we present Tumor Immune Single Cell Hub (TISCH, http://tisch.comp-genomics.org), a large-scale curated database that integrates single-cell transcriptomic profiles of nearly 2 million cells from 76 high-quality tumor datasets across 27 cancer types. All the data were uniformly processed with a standardized workflow, including quality control, batch effect removal, clustering, cell-type annotation, malignant cell classification, differential expression analysis and functional enrichment analysis. TISCH provides interactive gene expression visualization across multiple datasets at the single-cell level or cluster level, allowing systematic comparison between different cell-types, patients, tissue origins, treatment and response groups, and even different cancer-types. In summary, TISCH provides a user-friendly interface for systematically visualizing, searching and downloading gene expression atlas in the TME from multiple cancer types, enabling fast, flexible and comprehensive exploration of the TME.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the incidence of developing posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in children after congenital cataract surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective study which recruited 131 children with congenital cataracts who underwent cataract surgery between June 1, 2015, and September 1, 2018. The patients were divided into two groups depending on their post-operation phakic status (with or without IOL implantation). Infants aged from 6 to 12 months from two groups were analyzed as subgroups, respectively. B-scan ultrasonography was performed before the procedure and at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12-month follow-ups, respectively, after the operation. RESULTS: Of the 131 eyes included in the analyses, 74 were aphakic, and 57 were pseudophakic after surgery. The postoperative rate of PVD in all analyzed eyes was 6.9% (9 of 131 eyes). After 12 months, PVD was significantly more prevalent in the eyes that underwent cataract surgery with IOL implantation (10.5%, 6 of 57 eyes) compared to the eyes without IOL implantation (4.1%, 1 of 74 eyes, P < 0.05); however, the eyes in the aphakic group were significantly younger than the eyes in the pseudophakic group, while the mean axial length (AL) of the pseudophakic eyes (21.11 ± 2.07 mm) was significantly higher than that of the aphakic eyes (18.93 ± 1.86 mm) (P < 0.01). In patients between the ages of 6 and 12 months of age from the two groups, the AL of patients with IOL implantation continued to be significantly increased compared to the group without IOL implantation (20.44 ± 1.68 mm vs. 19.78 ± 1.52 mm, P < 0.01). At the follow-up appointments, two patients with PVD were observed among the 14 eyes that had undergone cataract surgery with IOL implantation, while one eye was observed to have developed PVD among the 15 eyes without IOL implantation. CONCLUSIONS: PVD occurs with greater frequency after congenital cataract surgery, particularly in eyes that have undergone IOL implantation. We suggest that PVD should be carefully monitored in children after congenital cataract surgery to avoid subsequent ocular pathologies such as retinal detachment. Future studies are needed to determine other potential risk factors that have not been as thoroughly explored, as opposed to better-known factors such as older age, longer axial length, and IOL implantation.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141579

RESUMO

Bending and folding are important stereoscopic geometry parameters of one-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials, yet the precise control of them has remained a great challenge. Herein, a surface-confined winding assembly strategy is demonstrated to regulate the stereoscopic architecture of uniform 1D mesoporous SiO2 (mSiO2) nanorods. Based on this brand-new strategy, the 1D mSiO2 nanorods can wind on the surface of 3D premade nanoparticles (sphere, cube, hexagon disk, spindle, rod, etc.) and inherit their surface topological structures. Therefore, the mSiO2 nanorods with a diameter of ∼50 nm and a variable length can be bent into arc shapes with variable radii and radians, as well as folded into 60, 90, 120, and 180° angular convex corners with controllable folding times. Additionally, in contrast to conventional core@shell structures, this winding structure induces partial exposure and accessibility of the premade nanoparticles. The functional nanoparticles can exhibit large accessible surface and efficient energy exchanges with the surroundings. As a proof of concept, winding-structured CuS&mSiO2 nanocomposites are fabricated, which are made up of a 100 nm CuS nanosphere and the 1D mSiO2 nanorods with a diameter of ∼50 nm winding the nanosphere in the perimeter. The winding structured nanocomposites are demonstrated to have fourfold photoacoustic imaging intensity compared with the conventional core@shell nanostructure with an inaccessible core because of the greatly enhanced photothermal conversion efficiency (increased by ∼30%). Overall, our work paves the way to the design and synthesis of 1D nanomaterials with controllable bending and folding, as well as the formation of high-performance complex nanocomposites.

12.
Ophthalmic Res ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142284

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of refractive outcomes in children undergoing secondary in-the-bag or cilliary sulcus IOL implantation, using aphakic refraction (AR)-based formulae and biometry-based formulae. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 39 eyes of the in-the-bag IOL group and the other 26 eyes of the sulcus-implanted IOL group. Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, SRK/T and SRK II formulae were employed depending on the biometric data, while Hug and Khan formulae were used based on preoperative aphakic refraction. The prediction error (PE) and the absolute value of predicted error (APE) were compared between the two groups and formulae. RESULTS: In the in-the-bag IOL group, non-significant differences of APE were found among the 6 formulae, while the Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, SRK/T and SRK II all demonstrated a significant hyperopic shift of median PE value compared to the Hug formula and Holladay 1 and SRK II also showed a significant hyperopic shift of PE compared to the Khan . Higher percentages of eyes with PE less than 1 D were found using Hoffer Q and SRK/T. In the sulcus-implanted group, the Holladay 1, Hoffer Q and SRK/T had a significantly smaller median value of APE than the Hug and Khan formulae, and the SRK II had a significantly smaller median value of APE than the Hug formula, while Holladay 1 had the lowest value of APE. Higher percentages of eyes within PE less than 1 D were found using Holladay 1, Hoffer Q and SRK/T, while the highest was SRK/T. Significantly larger hyperopic shifts of median PE value using all the 6 formulae were found in eyes with sulcus-implanted IOL than with in-the-bag implanted IOL . In in-the-bag implanted IOL group, the Hug and Khan formulae had significantly smaller APE values when compared with the sulcus-implanted IOL group. CONCLUSIONS: whether IOL was in the bag or sulcus implantation, almost all the formulae showed hyperopic shift, SRK/T showed the best accuracy. Biometry-based formulae were superior to AR-based formulae in accuracy of IOL power calculation, especially when IOL was implanted in the sulcus. In-the-bag IOL implantation should always be with higher priorities, especially when using AR-based formulae in IOL power calculation.

13.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-9, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148105

RESUMO

Background: Central nervous system is a rare occurring location of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). SFTs have a potential for recurrence, which is the leading cause of death in patients with these disease entities. De-differentiation phenomenon combined with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dissemination through drop metastasis of STFs from intracranial to intraspinal has only been reported in extremely limited cases. Case Description: Herein, we present a case of SFT in a 54-year old male. MRI showed characteristic of mixed high and low signal with 6.3 cm ×6.5 cm ×5.9 cm. After radical surgical resection, the pathology indicated benign SFT. However, MRI re-examination of 22months later detected local recurrence, concomitant with spreading of intracranial and intraspinal through CSF dissemination. And interestingly, the second patholoy found de-differentiation phenomenon and malignance of SFT, in which some areas transformed to rhabdomyosarcoma. Conclusion: This is the first case report of recurrent intracranial SFT de-differentiating to rhabdomyosarcoma concurrent with CSF pathway drop metastasis. Benign intracranial SFTs have the potential of de-differentiation, which may play an important role in its distant metastasis. The underlying molecular biological and pathological mechanisms of benign SFT malignance transformation still warrant further exploration.

14.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Post-operative chronic post-thoracotomy pain (CPTP) has been linked to restrictions in mobility and daily activities. However, its potential causes and optimal therapy have not been well characterized. Here, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in CPTP rats and its underlying mechanism. METHODS: Initially, rat models of CPTP were established. Then, the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured after intrathecal injection of TLR4 antagonist (LPS-RS), TLR4 agonist (LPS-PG), or caspase-1 inhibitor (Ac-YVAD-CMK) in CPTP rats. Levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) were measured by ELISA. TLR4 and caspase-1 were located by immunofluorescence double staining. TLR4 and caspase-1 levels were assessed by qRT-PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: TLR4 and caspase-1 were up-regulated in SDH of CPTP rats. Compared with Sham and non-CPTP groups, MWT was effectively decreased while TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß in SDH were increased in CPTP group. Moreover, intrathecal injection of TLR4 antagonist or caspase-1 inhibitor significantly elevated MWT expression and reduced levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß in SDH. Additionally, high expression of TLR4 promoted mechanical hyperalgesia and inflammatory response, while intrathecal injection of a mixture of caspase-1 inhibitor and TLR4 agonist reversed the alleviation of caspase-1 inhibitor on the mechanical hyperalgesia and inflammatory response. TLR4 and caspase-1 were co-located in neurons. CONCLUSION: TLR4 aggravated CPTP in rats by mediating activation of caspase-1 in SDH.

15.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The German cockroach, Blattella germanica, is one of the most severe pests of urban and rural areas. Using high-throughput genetic screening approaches, several lines of evidence indicate that the olfactory system of this pest is extremely powerful because it has an extensive array of olfactory receptor genes compared to many other insect species. Several of these genes had been identified previously, but their functions have not yet been characterized. RESULTS: This study describes the sequence of five transcriptomes of B. germanica adult male antennae, female antennae, maxillary palps, legs, and 5th instar nymph antennae to investigate the expression patterns of odorant receptors (ORs). Approximately 89 % of ORs were found to be the most highly expressed genes in adult or nymph antennae. Additionally, every OR requires an odorant co-receptor (Orco) to become fully functional, which was selected and successfully inhibited by injection corresponding dsRNA targeting the Orco. A strong RNAi effect was observed in which more than 75% of Orco mRNA was clearly suppressed after 72 h treatment. Olfactory behavioral assays showed the Orco impaired B. germanica respond slower and show less attraction to the volatile sex pheromone and food resources compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: The results show that Orco plays a pivotal role in both sex pheromone and food-seeking olfactory processes that provide an alternative genetic technique for controlling this vital urban pest species by olfactory disruption.

16.
Trials ; 21(1): 911, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a common clinical chronic degenerative disease associated with high morbidity and long-term disability. Previous studies have confirmed the efficacy of acupuncture on knee osteoarthritis. Fire needle acupuncture is a combination of heat and acupuncture, which may be more effective than the commonly used filiform needle acupuncture. This study is designed as a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fire needle acupuncture compared to filiform needle acupuncture in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective randomized controlled superiority clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fire needle acupuncture compared to filiform needle acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis. A total of 100 participants will be randomly assigned to two different groups. Participants will receive fire needle acupuncture treatment in the fire needle group, while participants in the filiform needle group will be treated with a filiform needle at the same acupuncture points as the fire needle group. All participants will receive 6 weeks of treatment (2 times per week). The primary outcome is the change of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and the secondary outcomes include the change of the visual analog scale and 12-item Short Form Health Survey from baseline to endpoint. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval of this study was granted by the Research Ethical Committee of Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University (2018SB-066). Written informed consent will be obtained from all participants. Outcomes of the trial will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR1800019579 . Registered on November 18, 2018.

17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9060356, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150185

RESUMO

Background: Deficient spermatozoon motility is one of the main causes of male infertility. However, there are still no accurate and effective treatments in a clinical setting for male asthenospermia. Exploring the genes and mechanism of asthenospermia has become one of the hot topics in reproductive medicine. Our aim is to study the effect of SLRIP on human spermatozoon motility and oxidative stress. Methods: Sperm samples were collected including a normospermia group (60 cases) and an asthenospermia group (50 cases). SLIRP protein expression in spermatozoa was examined by western blotting, and relative mRNA expression of SLIRP in spermatozoa was quantified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, and the activity of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in spermatozoa were also measured. Results: The mRNA level and protein expression of SLIRP in the asthenospermia group were significantly reduced compared with those in the normospermia group. The ROS active oxygen level in the asthenospermia group significantly increased; however, the ATP content decreased significantly as well as the activity of MnSOD. Conclusion: SLIRP regulates human male fertility, and SLIRP and sperm progressive motility are positively correlated. The expression of SLIRP is declined, oxidative damage is increased, and energy metabolism is decreased in spermatozoa of asthenospermia patients compared to normospermia participants.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2004385, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164250

RESUMO

Chemotherapy causes off-target toxicity and is often ineffective against solid tumors. Targeted and on-demand release of chemotherapeutics remains a challenge. Here, cancer-cell-membrane-coated mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (MONs) containing X-ray- and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive diselenide bonds for controlled release of doxorubicin (DOX) at tumor sites are developed. DOX-loaded MONs coated with 4T1 breast cancer cell membranes (CM@MON@DOX) show greater accumulation at tumor sites and prolonged blood circulation time versus an uncoated control in mice bearing 4T1 orthotopic mammary tumors. Under low-dose X-ray radiation, the DOX-loaded MONs exhibit carrier degradation-controlled release via cleavage of diselenide bonds, resulting in DOX-mediated immunogenic cell death at the tumor site. Combination with a PD-L1 checkpoint blockade further enhances inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis with low systemic toxicity. Together, the findings show the promise of these biomimetic, radiation-responsive diselenide-bond-bridged MONs in chemo-immunotherapy.

19.
Chemistry ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165980

RESUMO

Transition metal-based nanoparticle-embedded carbon materials have received increasing attention for constructing next-generation electrochemical catalysts for energy storage and conversion. However, designing hybrid carbon materials with controllable hierarchical micro/mesoporous structures, excellent dispersion of metal nanoparticles, and multiple heteroatom-doping remains challenging. Here, a novel pyridinium-containing ionic hypercrosslinked micellar frameworks (IHMFs) prepared from the core-shell unimicelle of s -poly(tert-butyl acrylate)- b -poly(4-bromomethyl) styrene ( s -PtBA- b -PBMS) and linear poly(4-vinylpyridine) were used as self-sacrificial templates for confined growth of molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) inside cationic IHMFs through electrostatic interaction. After pyrolysis, MoS 2 -anchored nitrogen-doped porous carbons possessing tunable hierarchical micro/mesoporous structures and favorable distributions of MoS 2 nanoparticles exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction as well as small Tafel slope of 66.7 mV dec -1 , low onset potential, and excellent cycling stability under acidic condition. Crucially, hierarchical micro/mesoporous structure and high surface area could boost their catalytic hydrogen evolution performance. Our approach provides a novel route for preparation of micro/mesoporous hybrid carbon materials with confined transition metal nanoparticles for electrochemical energy conversion.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19935, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203889

RESUMO

The yield heterosis of rice is sought by farmers and strong contributes to food safety, but the quality of hybrid rice may be reduced. Therefore, developing new varieties with both high yield and good quality is a heavily researched topic in hybrid rice breeding. However, the molecular mechanism governing yield heterosis and high rice quality has not been elucidated to date. In this study, a comparative transcriptomics and genomic analysis was performed on a hybrid rice variety, Chuanyou6203 (CY6203), and its parents to investigate the molecular mechanism and gene regulation network governing the formation of yield and quality stages. A total of 66,319 SNPs and InDels between CH3203 and C106B were detected in the 5'-UTR, exon, intronic, and 3'-UTR regions according to the reference genome annotation, which involved 7473 genes. A total of 436, 70, 551, 993, and 1216 common DEGs between CY6203 and both of its parents were identified at the same stage in panicles and flag leaves. Of the common DEGs, the numbers of upregulated DEGs between CY6203 and CH3203 were all greater than those of upregulated DEGs between CY6203 and C106B in panicles and flag leaves at the booting, flowering, and middle filling stages. Approximately 40.61% of mRNA editing ratios were between 0.4 and 0.6, and 1.68% of mRNA editing events (editing ratio ≥ 0.8) in CY6203 favored one of its parents at three stages or a particular stage, suggesting that the hypothetical heterosis mechanism of CY6203 might involve dominance or epistasis. Also 15,934 DEGs were classified into 19 distinct modules that were classified into three groups by the weighted gene coexpression network analysis. Through transcriptome analysis of panicles and flag leaves in the yield and quality stages, the DEGs in the green-yellow module primarily contributed to the increase in the source of CY6203 due to an in increase in photosynthetic efficiency and nitrogen utilization efficiency, and a small number of DEGs related to the grain number added spikelet number per panicle amplified its sink. The balanced expression of the major high-quality alleles of C106B and CH3203 in CY6203 contributed to the outstanding quality of CY6203. Our transcriptome and genome analyses offer a new data set that may help to elucidate the molecular mechanism governing the yield heterosis and high quality of a hybrid rice variety.

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