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1.
Neurooncol Adv ; 6(1): vdae033, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725995

RESUMO

Background: POLARIS (phase 2 [ph2]; NCT03911869) evaluated encorafenib (BRAF inhibitor) in combination with binimetinib (MEK1/2 inhibitor) in BRAF/MEK inhibitor-naïve patients with BRAF V600-mutant melanoma with asymptomatic brain metastases. Methods: The safety lead-in (SLI) assessed tolerability for high-dose encorafenib 300 mg twice daily (BID) plus binimetinib 45 mg BID. If the high dose was tolerable in ph2, patients would be randomized to receive high or standard dose (encorafenib 450 mg once daily [QD] plus binimetinib 45 mg BID). Otherwise, standard dose was evaluated as the recommended ph2 dose (RP2D). Patients who tolerated standard dosing during Cycle 1 could be dose escalated to encorafenib 600 mg QD plus binimetinib 45 mg BID in Cycle 2. Safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics were examined. Results: RP2D was standard encorafenib dosing, as >33% of evaluable SLI patients (3/9) had dose-limiting toxicities. Overall, of 13 safety-evaluable patients (10 SLI, 3 ph2), 9 had prior immunotherapy. There were 9 treatment-related adverse events in the SLI and 3 in ph2. Of the SLI efficacy-evaluable patients (n = 10), 1 achieved complete response and 5 achieved partial responses (PR); the brain metastasis response rate (BMRR) was 60% (95% CI: 26.2, 87.8). In ph2, 2 of 3 patients achieved PR (BMRR, 67% [95% CI: 9.4, 99.2]). Repeated encorafenib 300 mg BID dosing did not increase steady-state exposure compared with historical 450 mg QD data. Conclusions: Despite small patient numbers due to early trial termination, BMRR appeared similar between the SLI and ph2, and the ph2 safety profile appeared consistent with previous reports of standard-dose encorafenib in combination with binimetinib.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727341

RESUMO

The rough morphology at the growth surface results in the non-uniform distribution of indium composition, intentionally or unintentionally doped impurity, and thus impacts the performance of GaN-based optoelectronic and vertical power electronic devices. We observed the morphologies of unintentionally doped GaN homo-epitaxially grown via MOCVD and identified the relations between rough surfaces and the miscut angle and direction of the substrate. The growth kinetics under the effect of the Ehrlich-Schwoebel barrier were studied, and it was found that asymmetric step motions in samples with a large miscut angle or those grown at high temperature were the causes of step-bunching. Meandering steps were believed to be caused by surface free energy minimization for steps with wide terraces or deviating from the [11¯00] m-direction.

3.
Small ; : e2311079, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733224

RESUMO

Ternary topological insulators have attracted worldwide attention because of their broad application prospects in fields such as magnetism, optics, electronics, and quantum computing. However, their potential and electrochemical mechanisms in sodium ion batteries (SIBs) and hybrid capacitors (SIHCs) have not been fully studied. Herein, a composite material comprising vacancy-defects ternary topological insulator Bi2Se2Te encapsulated in mesoporous carbon spheres (Bi2Se2Te@C) is designed. Bi2Se2Te with ample vacancy-defects has a wide interlayer spacing to enable frequent insertion/extraction of Na+ and boost reaction kinetics within the electrode. Meanwhile, the Bi2Se2Te@C with optimized yolk-shell structure can buffer the volume variation without breaking the outer protective carbon shell, ensuring structural stability and integrity. As expected, the Bi2Se2Te@C electrode delivers high reversible capacity and excellent rate capability in half SIB cells. Various electrochemical analyses and theoretical calculations manifest that Bi2Se2Te@C anode confirms the synergistic effect of ternary chalcogenide systems and suitable void space yolk-shell structure. Consequently, the full cells of SIB and SIHC coupled with Bi2Se2Te@C anode exhibit good performance and high energy/power density, indicating its widespread practical applications. This design is expected to offer a reliable strategy for further exploring advanced topological insulators in Na+-based storage systems.

4.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 974: 176633, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703975

RESUMO

Cardiac arrest (CA) remains a leading cause of death, with suboptimal survival rates despite efforts involving cardiopulmonary resuscitation and advanced life-support technology. Post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction (PRMD) is an important determinant of patient outcomes. Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury underlies this dysfunction. Previous reports have shown that ruthenium red (RR) has a protective effect against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury; however, its precise mechanism of action in PRMD remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of RR on PRMD and analyzed its underlying mechanisms. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in rats, which were then subjected to cardiopulmonary resuscitation to establish an experimental CA model. At the onset of return of spontaneous circulation, RR (2.5 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally. Our study showed that RR improved myocardial function and reduced the production of oxidative stress markers such as malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSSG), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. RR also helped maintain mitochondrial structure and increased ATP and GTP levels. Additionally, RR effectively attenuated myocardial apoptosis. Furthermore, we observed downregulation of proteins closely related to mitophagy, including ubiquitin-specific protease 33 (USP33) and P62, whereas LC3B (microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B) was upregulated. The upregulation of mitophagy may play a critical role in reducing myocardial injury. These results demonstrate that RR may attenuate PRMD by promoting mitophagy through the inhibition of USP33. These effects are likely mediated through diverse mechanisms, including antioxidant activity, apoptosis suppression, and preservation of mitochondrial integrity and energy metabolism. Consequently, RR has emerged as a promising therapeutic approach for addressing post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2314197, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713519

RESUMO

Combining radiotherapy with immune checkpoint blockade therapy offers a promising approach to treat glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), yet challenges such as limited effectiveness and immune-related adverse events (irAEs) persist. These issues are largely due to the failure in targeting immunomodulators directly to the tumor microenvironment. To address this, we developed a biomimetic nanoplatform that combines a genetically modified mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) membrane with a bioactive nanoparticle core for chemokine-directed radioimmunotherapy of GBM. The CCR2-overexpressing MSC membrane acts as a tactical tentacle to achieve radiation-induced tropism toward the abundant chemokine ligand CCL2 in irradiated gliomas. The nanoparticle core, comprising diselenide-bridged mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) and PD-L1 antibodies (αPD-L1), enables X-ray-responsive drug release and radiosensitization. In two murine models with orthotopic GBM tumors, this nanoplatform reinvigorated immunogenic cell death, and augmented the efficacy and specificity of GBM radioimmunotherapy, with reduced occurrence of irAEs. This study suggests a promising radiation-induced tropism strategy for targeted drug delivery, and presents a potent nanoplatform that enhances the efficacy and safety of radio-immunotherapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101412, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707779

RESUMO

Identifying the geographic origin of a wine is of great importance, as origin fakery is commonplace in the wine industry. This study analyzed the mineral elements, volatile components, and metabolites in wine using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-exactive orbitrap mass spectrometry. The most critical variables (5 mineral elements, 13 volatile components, and 51 metabolites) for wine origin classification were selected via principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. Subsequently, three algorithms-K-nearest neighbors, support vector machine, and random forest -were used to model single and fused datasets for origin identification. These results indicated that fused datasets, based on feature variables (mineral elements, volatile components, and metabolites), achieved the best performance, with predictive rates of 100% for all three algorithms. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of a multi-source data fusion strategy for authenticity identification of Chinese wine.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 278: 116439, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728945

RESUMO

Nanoplastic contamination has been of intense concern by virtue of the potential threat to human and ecosystem health. Animal experiments have indicated that exposure to nanoplastics (NPs) can deposit in the liver and contribute to hepatic injury. To explore the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity induced by polystyrene-NPs (PS-NPs), mice and AML-12 hepatocytes were exposed to different dosages of 20 nm PS-NPs in this study. The results illustrated that in vitro and in vivo exposure to PS-NPs triggered excessive production of reactive oxygen species and repressed nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (NRF2) antioxidant pathway and its downstream antioxidase expression, thus leading to hepatic oxidative stress. Moreover, PS-NPs elevated the levels of NLRP3, IL-1ß and caspase-1 expression, along with an activation of NF-κB, suggesting that PS-NPs induced hepatocellular inflammatory injury. Nevertheless, the activaton of NRF2 signaling by tert-butylhydroquinone mitigated PS-NPs-caused oxidative stress and inflammation, and inbihited NLRP3 and caspase-1 expression. Conversely, the rescuing effect of NRF2 signal activation was dramatically supressed by treatment with NRF2 inhibitor brusatol. In summary, our results demonstrated that NRF2-NLRP3 pathway is involved in PS-NPs-aroused hepatotoxicity, and the activation of NRF2 signaling can protect against PS-NPs-evoked liver injury. These results provide novel insights into the hepatotoxicity elicited by NPs exposure.

9.
Ren Fail ; 46(1): 2349187, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise research targeting chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been conducted for more than 30 years, and the benefits of exercise for CKD patients have been progressively demonstrated. This study analyzes citation classics on clinical intervention trials on exercise training and CKD to describe the research landscape and hotspots through bibliometric analysis. METHODS: To identify clinical trials of exercise training interventions for CKD with more than 100 citations from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Extracted bibliometric information, participant information, and study characteristics of the included articles. The total citations, annual average citations, publication of year, author keywords, and study-related data were bibliometric analyzed and described using Excel 2019 and VOSviewer software. RESULTS: A total of 30 citation classics were included, with a total citation frequency of 102 to 279 (mean ± standard deviation: 148.4 ± 49.4). The American Journal of Kidney Diseases (n = 7) published the most (n = 7) classic citations in the field of CKD exercise research, and the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology was the most cited. The hotspot of research around CKD and exercise training interventions focused on population (hemodialysis and end-stage renal disease), exercise type (resistance training, yoga, and leg-cycling), and outcomes (cardiovascular indices, physical performance, psychological status, kidney function, physical activity). Reported dropout rates ranged from 0.0% to 47.4%. CONCLUSION: A bibliometric analysis of citation classics on exercise training and CKD highlights the potential benefits of exercise as a non-pharmacological therapy for patients with CKD, as well as developments and hotspots in the field.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Terapia por Exercício , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Exercício Físico
10.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732451

RESUMO

DREB has been reported to be involved in plant growth and response to environmental factors. However, the function of DREB in growth and development has not been elucidated in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), a perennial tetraploid forage cultivated worldwide. In this study, an ortholog of MtDREB1C was characterized from alfalfa and named MsDREB1C accordingly. MsDREB1C was significantly induced by abiotic stress. The transcription factor MsDREB1C resided in the nucleus and had self-transactivation activity. The MsDREB1C overexpression (OE) alfalfa displayed growth retardation under both long-day and short-day conditions, which was supported by decreased MsGA20ox and upregulated MsGA2ox in the OE lines. Consistently, a decrease in active gibberellin (GA) was detected, suggesting a negative effect of MsDREB1C on GA accumulation in alfalfa. Interestingly, the forage quality of the OE lines was better than that of WT lines, with higher crude protein and lower lignin content, which was supported by an increase in the leaf-stem ratio (LSR) and repression of several lignin-synthesis genes (MsNST, MsPAL1, MsC4H, and Ms4CL). Therefore, this study revealed the effects of MsDREB1C overexpression on growth and forage quality via modifying GA accumulation and lignin synthesis, respectively. Our findings provide a valuable candidate for improving the critical agronomic traits of alfalfa, such as overwintering and feeding value of the forage.

11.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743633

RESUMO

The cultivated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is a cross-pollinated perennial fruit tree of great economic importance. Previous versions of apple reference genomes were unphased, fragmented, and lacked comprehensive insights into the highly heterozygous genome, which impeded genetic studies and breeding programs in apple. In this study, we assembled a haplotype-resolved telomere-to-telomere reference genome for the diploid apple cultivar Golden Delicious. Subsequently, we constructed a pangenome based on twelve assemblies from wild and cultivated apples to investigate different types of resistance gene analogs (RGAs). Our results revealed the dynamics of the gene gain and loss events during apple domestication. Compared with cultivated species, more gene families in wild species were significantly enriched in oxidative phosphorylation, pentose metabolic process, responses to salt, and abscisic acid biosynthesis process. Interestingly, our analyses demonstrated a higher prevalence of RGAs in cultivated apples than their wild relatives, partially attributed to segmental and tandem duplication events in certain RGAs classes. Other types of structural variations, mainly deletions and insertions, have affected the presence and absence of TIR-NB-ARC-LRR (TNL), NB-ARC-LRR (NL), and CC-NB-ARC-LRR (CNL) genes. Additionally, hybridization/introgression from wild species has also contributed to the expansion of resistance genes in domesticated apples. Our haplotype-resolved T2T genome and pangenome provide important resources for genetic studies of apples, emphasizing the need to study the evolutionary mechanisms of resistance genes in apple breeding programs.

13.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(5): 3312-3325, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720832

RESUMO

Background: The importance of right heart assessment in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is increasingly recognized. The development of cardiovascular magnetic resonance-feature tracking (CMR-FT) has provided a novel approach to quantify myocardial deformation and evaluate cardiac function. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for the quantitative derivation of right atrial (RA) strain and strain rate (SR) in patients with DCM. Methods: A total of 68 DCM patients (84% male; aged 50.6±13.2 years) and 58 healthy controls (81% male; aged 48.4±11.2 years) were retrospectively enrolled from September 2018 to August 2022 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University and Shenzhen Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. RA reservoir, conduit, and booster strain (εs, εe, and εa) and peak positive, peak early negative, and peak late negative SR (SRs, SRe, and SRa) were measured using CMR-FT and compared between 2 groups using Student's t-test. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots. Results: Compared to healthy controls, DCM patients showed significantly lower RA strain (εs: 19.7%±9.0% vs. 44.4%±9.7%; εe: 7.9%±5.3% vs. 25.8%±8.6%; εa: 11.8%±6.2% vs. 18.6%±5.1%, all P<0.001) and SR (SRs: 1.17±0.48 vs. 1.92±0.62 s-1; SRe: -0.85±0.56 vs. -1.94±0.63 s-1; SRa: -1.39±0.71 vs. -2.01±0.65 s-1, all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in RA maximum volume index between the 2 groups. Simple linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), RA emptying fraction passive (RAEF passive), and RA εe [(NT-proBNP and εe): r=-0.48, P<0.001, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.64 to -0.26; and (RAEF passive and εe): r=0.41, P=0.001, 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.56, respectively] in DCM patients. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was excellent (all ICCs >0.85) for RA deformation measurements. Conclusions: CMR-FT is a promising, noninvasive approach for the quantitative assessment of RA phasic function in patients with DCM. DCM patients exhibit impaired RA reservoir, conduit, and booster pump function prior to visible RA enlargement.

14.
Science ; 384(6696): 647-651, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723084

RESUMO

The quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) is a robust topological phenomenon that features quantized Hall resistance at zero magnetic field. We report the QAHE in a rhombohedral pentalayer graphene-monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2) heterostructure. Distinct from other experimentally confirmed QAHE systems, this system has neither magnetic element nor moiré superlattice effect. The QAH states emerge at charge neutrality and feature Chern numbers C = ±5 at temperatures of up to about 1.5 kelvin. This large QAHE arises from the synergy of the electron correlation in intrinsic flat bands of pentalayer graphene, the gate-tuning effect, and the proximity-induced Ising spin-orbit coupling. Our experiment demonstrates the potential of crystalline two-dimensional materials for intertwined electron correlation and band topology physics and may enable a route for engineering chiral Majorana edge states.

15.
J Phys Chem B ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728026

RESUMO

Amorphous ethylene-cyclic olefin copolymers (COCs) which can be used in cell phone lenses and prefilled syringes have attracted increasing attention due to their excellent and tunable thermal properties. In order to better explain the influence of COC microstructure (cyclic olefin types and content) on the glass transition mechanism, we used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to track the evolution of free volume, diffusion coefficients, atomic mobility, trans conformation probabilities, and characteristic parameters of α-relaxation kinetics during the quenching process. MD results show that for the classic COC E-co-NB (ethylene-norbornene copolymer), an increase in cyclic olefin content from 25 to 50 mol % reduces atomic mobility, limiting the molecular chain movement at higher temperatures and improving Tg. Compared to NB, the more rigid rings in tricyclopentadiene (TCPD) and exo-1,4,4a,9,9a,10-hexahydro-9,10(1',2')-bridged phenylidene-1,4-bridged methylideneanthracene (HBM) have the following effects: (1) reducing the thermal expansion coefficient and overall chain mobility; (2) enhancing the diffusion energy barrier; (3) promoting the formation of local ordered structures; (4) accelerating α-relaxation dynamics at high temperatures and improving the dynamic fragility m. These lead to an upward shift in the temperature region where chain movement is limited and thus improve Tg and high-temperature dimensional stability. In this simulation, the correlation equation between Tg, m, and the microstructural parameters of COCs is established, which is of great significance for the development of COCs with high performance.

16.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3773, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710738

RESUMO

Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive chorioretinal degenerative disease without approved therapeutic drugs. It is caused by mutations in CYP4V2 gene, and about 80% of BCD patients carry mutations in exon 7 to 11. Here, we apply CRISPR/Cas9 mediated homology-independent targeted integration (HITI)-based gene editing therapy in HEK293T cells, BCD patient derived iPSCs, and humanized Cyp4v3 mouse model (h-Cyp4v3mut/mut) using two rAAV2/8 vectors via sub-retinal administration. We find that sgRNA-guided Cas9 generates double-strand cleavage on intron 6 of the CYP4V2 gene, and the HITI donor inserts the carried sequence, part of intron 6, exon 7-11, and a stop codon into the DNA break, achieving precise integration, effective transcription and translation both in vitro and in vivo. HITI-based editing restores the viability of iPSC-RPE cells from BCD patient, improves the morphology, number and metabolism of RPE and photoreceptors in h-Cyp4v3mut/mut mice. These results suggest that HITI-based editing could be a promising therapeutic strategy for those BCD patients carrying mutations in exon 7 to 11, and one injection will achieve lifelong effectiveness.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea , Família 4 do Citocromo P450 , Edição de Genes , Terapia Genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Doenças Retinianas , Humanos , Edição de Genes/métodos , Animais , Células HEK293 , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/genética , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/terapia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/patologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Terapia Genética/métodos , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/genética , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mutação , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Íntrons/genética , Éxons/genética
17.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e31051, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706187

RESUMO

It is not clear whether trial access disparities exist in the Children's Oncology Group (COG). Here, we leverage a cohort of children with high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NBL) enrolled on the COG ANBL00B1 neuroblastoma biology study to examine subsequent enrollment to upfront COG therapeutic trials by race, ethnicity, and proxied poverty status. Among 1917 children with HR-NBL enrolled on ANBL00B1, 696 (36.3%) subsequently enrolled on an upfront therapeutic trial with no difference by race, ethnicity, or proxied poverty status. In neuroblastoma, trial access disparities are not comparable to adult oncology, and efforts to advance equity should prioritize other mechanisms of survival disparities.

18.
iScience ; 27(5): 109786, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706852

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2024.109057.].

19.
Transl Oncol ; 45: 101969, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes, one of small extracellular vesicles, play a vital role in cell to cell communication and contribute to the advancement of tumors through their cargo molecules. Exosomal circRNAs have emerged as significant players in various types of tumors. Thus, this study aimed to investigate how exosomal circRNAs are involved in the diagnosis and progression of gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Serum exosomes were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and Western blot. CCK-8, colony formation and transwell assays were conducted to study the function of hsa_circ_0050547 (named as circ50547). qRT-PCR was used to quantify the expression of circ50547 in GC tissues and serum exosomes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was applied to detect the cellular distribution of circ50547. Stemness and drug-resistance were detected by sphere formation, WB, flow cytometry and half-maximal inhibitory concentration analyses. Bioinformatic analyses, luciferase experiments, qRT-PCR and WB were used to investigate molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: We discovered for the first time a new type of GC-derived exosomal circRNA, circ50547. We found that circ50547 is highly expressed in both GC tissues and serum exosomes. Interestingly, we observed that the diagnostic value of exosomal circ50547 is superior to that of serum circ50547. Circ50547 overexpression enhanced the proliferation, migration, invasion, stemness and drug resistance of GC cells, while knockdown of circ50547 showed the opposite effect. Mechanistically, circ50547 acted as a sponge for miR-217 to regulate the expression of HNF1B, which promoted gastric cancer progression. CONCLUSION: Exosomal circ50547 may be a promising marker for the diagnosis and prognosis prediction of GC. These findings suggest that it plays an oncogenic role through miR-217/HNF1B signaling pathway in GC.

20.
iScience ; 27(5): 109766, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711448

RESUMO

Swift and accurate diagnosis for earlier-stage monkeypox (mpox) patients is crucial to avoiding its spread. However, the similarities between common skin disorders and mpox and the need for professional diagnosis unavoidably impaired the diagnosis of earlier-stage mpox patients and contributed to mpox outbreak. To address the challenge, we proposed "Super Monitoring", a real-time visualization technique employing artificial intelligence (AI) and Internet technology to diagnose earlier-stage mpox cheaply, conveniently, and quickly. Concretely, AI-mediated "Super Monitoring" (mpox-AISM) integrates deep learning models, data augmentation, self-supervised learning, and cloud services. According to publicly accessible datasets, mpox-AISM's Precision, Recall, Specificity, and F1-score in diagnosing mpox reach 99.3%, 94.1%, 99.9%, and 96.6%, respectively, and it achieves 94.51% accuracy in diagnosing mpox, six like-mpox skin disorders, and normal skin. With the Internet and communication terminal, mpox-AISM has the potential to perform real-time and accurate diagnosis for earlier-stage mpox in real-world scenarios, thereby preventing mpox outbreak.

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