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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2403078, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583072

RESUMO

Composite polymer solid electrolytes (CPEs), possessing good rigid-flexible, are expected to be used in solid-state lithium metal batteries. The integration of fillers into polymer matrices emerges as a dominant strategy to improve Li+ transport and form a Li+-conducting electrode-electrolyte interface. However, challenges arise as traditional fillers: (1) inorganic fillers, characterized by high interfacial energy, induce agglomeration; (2) organic fillers, with elevated crystallinity, impede intrinsic ionic conductivity, both severely hindering Li+ migration. Here, we introduce a concept of super-ionic conductor soft filler, utilizing a Li+ conductivity nano-cellulose (Li-NC) as a model, which exhibits super-ionic conductivity. Li-NC anchors anions, and enhance Li+ transport speed, and assists in the integration of cathode-electrolyte electrodes for room temperature solid-state batteries. The tough dual-channel Li+ transport electrolyte (TDCT) with Li-NC and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) demonstrates a high Li+ transfer number (0.79) due to the synergistic coordination mechanism in Li+ transport. Integrated electrodes design enable stable performance in LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2|Li cells, with 720 cycles at 0.5 C, and 88.8% capacity retention. Furthermore, the lifespan of Li|TDCT|Li cells over 4000 h, and Li-rich Li1.2Ni0.13Co0.13Mn0.54O2|Li cells exhibit excellent performance, proving the practical application potential of soft filler for high energy density solid-state lithium metal batteries at room temperature. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Nanomicro Lett ; 16(1): 164, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546948

RESUMO

Aqueous Zn2+-ion batteries (AZIBs), recognized for their high security, reliability, and cost efficiency, have garnered considerable attention. However, the prevalent issues of dendrite growth and parasitic reactions at the Zn electrode interface significantly impede their practical application. In this study, we introduced a ubiquitous biomolecule of phenylalanine (Phe) into the electrolyte as a multifunctional additive to improve the reversibility of the Zn anode. Leveraging its exceptional nucleophilic characteristics, Phe molecules tend to coordinate with Zn2+ ions for optimizing the solvation environment. Simultaneously, the distinctive lipophilicity of aromatic amino acids empowers Phe with a higher adsorption energy, enabling the construction of a multifunctional protective interphase. The hydrophobic benzene ring ligands act as cleaners for repelling H2O molecules, while the hydrophilic hydroxyl and carboxyl groups attract Zn2+ ions for homogenizing Zn2+ flux. Moreover, the preferential reduction of Phe molecules prior to H2O facilitates the in situ formation of an organic-inorganic hybrid solid electrolyte interphase, enhancing the interfacial stability of the Zn anode. Consequently, Zn||Zn cells display improved reversibility, achieving an extended cycle life of 5250 h. Additionally, Zn||LMO full cells exhibit enhanced cyclability of retaining 77.3% capacity after 300 cycles, demonstrating substantial potential in advancing the commercialization of AZIBs.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 324: 117764, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219882

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sanmiao wan (SMW), a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been employed to treat gouty diseases in clinic as early as Yuan dynasty. It shows remarkably therapeutic effects in acute gouty arthritis (GA). However, the potential mechanisms of SMW are still not fully revealed. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this project is to evaluate the pharmacological effects and possible mechanisms of SMW in a rat model of acute GA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monosodium urate (MSU) suspension was injected into the ankle joint of rats to establish acute GA model. The inflammation was evaluated by measuring the posterior ankle diameter. The pathological status of synovial tissue was assessed by hematoxylin eosin (HE), Masson, and picrosirius red staining. The level of IL-6 was measured using ELISA kit. The levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CR), UA (uric acid), and xanthine oxidase (XOD) in the serum were measured using standard diagnostic kits. The percentage of Th17 cells in blood samples was performed using flow cytometry. Moreover, RT-qPCR was performed to examine the mRNA level of RANK, RORγt, RANKL, and STAT3 in the synovial tissue. Furthermore, immunofluorescence was carried out to assess the expression of STAT3 in the synovial tissue. RESULTS: SMW effectively alleviated the inflammation and improved the pathological status of the ankle joint in rats with acute GA. It significantly suppressed the release of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6). Meanwhile, the levels of UA, BUN, and CR were markedly reduced after SMW treatment. A remarkable reduction of XOD activity was observed in the study. Importantly, SMW treatment significantly reduced the frequency of Th17 cells, decreased the mRNA levels of RANK, RORγt, RANKL, and STAT3 in the synovial tissue. Furthermore, the suppression of STAT3 was also demonstrated using immunofluorescence in SMW-treated group. CONCLUSION: SMW showed significant anti-inflammatory and hypouricemic effects in a rat model of GA. It is an effective TCM formula for GA therapy.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Ratos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/metabolismo , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares , Interleucina-6 , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , RNA Mensageiro
4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(11): e202318928, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38189767

RESUMO

The Zn//V2 O5 system not only faces the incontrollable growth of zinc (Zn) dendrites, but also withstands the cross-talk effect of by-products produced from the cathode side to the Zn anode, inducing interelectrode talk and aggravating battery failure. To tackle these issues, we construct a rapid Zn2+ -conducting hydrogel electrolyte (R-ZSO) to achieve Zn deposition modulation and side reaction inhibition in Zn//V2 O5 full cells. The polymer matrix and BN exhibit a robust anchoring effect on SO4 2- , accelerating Zn2+ migration and enabling dense Zn deposition behavior. Therefore, the Zn//Zn symmetric cells based on the R-ZSO electrolyte can operate stably for more than 1500 h, which is six times higher than that of cells employing the blank electrolyte. More importantly, the R-ZSO hydrogel electrolyte effectively decouples the cross-talk effects, thus breaking the infinite loop of side reactions. As a result, the Zn//V2 O5 cells using this modified hydrogel electrolyte demonstrate stable operation over 1,000 cycles, with a capacity loss rate of only 0.028 % per cycle. Our study provides a promising gel chemistry, which offers a valuable guide for the construction of high-performance and multifunctional aqueous Zn-ion batteries.

5.
Small ; 20(8): e2305576, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37821400

RESUMO

Garnet solid electrolyte Li6.4 La3 Zr1.4 Ta0.6 O12 (LLZTO) is an excellent inorganic ceramic-type solid electrolyte; however, the presence of Li2 CO3 impurities on its surface hinders Li-ion transport and increases the interface impedance. In contrast to traditional methods of mechanical polishing, acid corrosion, and high-temperature reduction for removing Li2 CO3 , herein, a straightforward "waste-to-treasure" strategy is proposed to transform Li2 CO3 into Li3 PO4 and LiF in LiPF6 solution under 60 °C. It is found that the formation of Li3 PO4 during LLZTO pretreatment facilitates rapid Li-ion transport and enhances ionic conductivity, and the LLZTO/PAN composite polymer electrolyte shows the highest Li-ion transference number of 0.63. Additionally, the dense LiF layer serves to safeguard the internal garnet solid electrolyte against solvent decomposition-induced chemical adsorption. Symmetric Li/Li cells assembled with treated LLZTO/PAN composite electrolyte exhibit a critical current density of 1.1 mA cm-2 and a long lifespan of up to 700 h at a current density of 0.2 mA cm-2 . The Li/LiFePO4 solid-state cells demonstrate stable cycling performances for 141 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C, with capacity retention of 93.6% after 190 cycles. This work presents a novel approach to converting waste into valuable resources, offering the advantages of simple processes, and minimal side reactions.

6.
Chem Sci ; 14(43): 12219-12230, 2023 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37969610

RESUMO

The solid-electrolyte-interphase (SEI) plays a critical role in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) because of its important influence on electrochemical performance, such as cycle stability, coulombic efficiency, etc. Although LiOH has been recognized as a key component of the SEI, its influence on the SEI and electrochemical performance has not been well clarified due to the difficulty in precisely controlling the LiOH content and characterize the detailed interface reactions. Here, a gradual change of LiOH content is realized by different reduction schemes among Co(OH)2, CoOOH and CoO. With reduced Co nanoparticles as magnetic "probes", SEI characterization is achieved by operando magnetometry. By combining comprehensive characterization and theoretical calculations, it is verified that LiOH leads to a composition transformation from lithium ethylene di-carbonate (LEDC) to lithium ethylene mono-carbonate (LEMC) in the SEI and ultimately results in capacity decay. This work unfolds the detailed SEI reaction scenario involving LiOH, provides new insights into the influence of SEI composition, and has value for the co-development between the electrode materials and electrolyte.

7.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1418-1422, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37987054

RESUMO

Objective: To conduct anatomical study on the iliac crest chimeric tissue flap and summarize its effectiveness of clinical application in repairing limb wounds. Methods: Latex perfusion and anatomical study were performed on 6 fresh adult cadaver specimens with 12 sides, to observe the initial location, distribution, quantity, and direction of the common circumflexa iliac artery, the deep circumflexa iliac artery, and the superficial circumflexa iliac artery, and to measure their initial external diameter. Between December 2020 and September 2022, the iliac crest chimeric tissue flap repair was performed on 5 patients with soft tissue of limbs and bone defects. There were 3 males and 2 females, with an average age of 46 years (range, 23-60 years). Among them, there were 3 cases of radii and skin soft tissue defects and 2 cases of tibia and skin soft tissue defects. The length of bone defects was 4-8 cm and the area of skin soft tissue defects ranged from 9 cm×5 cm to 15 cm×6 cm. The length of the iliac flap was 4-8 cm and the area of skin flap ranged from 12.0 cm×5.5 cm to 16.0 cm×8.0 cm. The donor sites were directly sutured. Results: Anatomical studies showed that there were 10 common circumflex iliac arteries in 5 specimens, which originated from the lateral or posterolateral side of the transition between the external iliac artery and the femoral artery, with a length of 1.2-1.6 cm and an initial external diameter of 0.8-1.4 mm. In 1 specimen without common circumflexa iliac artery, the superficial and deep circumflex iliac arteries originated from the external iliac artery and the femoral artery, respectively, while the rest originated from the common circumflex iliac artery. The length of superficial circumflex iliac artery was 4.6-6.7 cm, and the initial external diameter was 0.4-0.8 mm. There were 3-6 perforator vessels along the way. The length of deep circumflex iliac artery was 7.8-9.2 cm, and the initial external diameter was 0.5-0.7 mm. There were 3-5 muscular branches, 4-6 periosteal branches, and 2-3 musculocutaneous branches along the way. Based on the anatomical observation results, all iliac crest chimeric tissue flaps were successfully resected and survived after operation. The wounds at recipient and donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 8-24 months, with an average of 12 months. The tissue flap has good appearance and soft texture. X-ray film reexamination showed that all the osteotomy healed, and no obvious bone resorption was observed during follow-up. Conclusion: The common circumflex iliac artery, deep circumflex iliac artery, and superficial circumflex iliac artery were anatomically constant, and it was safe and reliable to use iliac crest chimeric tissue flap in repairing the soft tissue and bone defects of limbs.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ílio/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(20)2023 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37896740

RESUMO

The high-temperature strain gauge is a sensor for strain measurement in high-temperature environments. The measurement results often have a certain divergence, so the uncertainty of the high-temperature strain gauge system is analyzed theoretically. Firstly, in the conducted research, a deterministic finite element analysis of the temperature field of the strain gauge is carried out using MATLAB software. Then, the primary sub-model method is used to model the system; an equivalent thermal load and force are loaded onto the model. The thermal response of the grid wire is calculated by the finite element method (FEM). Thermal-mechanical coupling analysis is carried out by ANSYS, and the MATLAB program is verified. Finally, the stochastic finite element method (SFEM) combined with the Monte Carlo method (MCM) is used to analyze the effects of the physical parameters, geometric parameters, and load uncertainties on the thermal response of the grid wire. The results show that the difference of temperature and strain calculated by ANSYS and MATLAB is 1.34% and 0.64%, respectively. The calculation program is accurate and effective. The primary sub-model method is suitable for the finite element modeling of strain gauge systems, and the number of elements is reduced effectively. The stochastic uncertainty analysis of the thermal response on the grid wire of a high-temperature strain gauge provides a theoretical basis for the dispersion of the measurement results of the strain gauge.

9.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 68(19): 2170-2179, 2023 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37633831

RESUMO

Aqueous Zn2+ ion batteries present notable advantages, including high abundance, low toxicity, and intrinsic nonflammability. However, they exhibit severe irreversibility due to uncontrolled dendrite growth and corrosion reactions, which limit their practical applications. Inspired by their distinct molecular recognition characteristics, supramolecular crown ethers featuring interior cavity sizes identical to the diameter of Zn2+ ions were screened as macrocyclic hosts to optimize the Zn2+ coordination environment, facilitating the suppression of the reactivity of H2O molecules and inducing the in-situ formation of organic-inorganic hybrid dual-protective interphase. The in-situ assembled interphase confers the system with an "ion-sieving" effect to repel H2O molecules and facilitate rapid Zn2+ transport, enabling the suppression of side reactions and uniform deposition of Zn2+ ions. Consequently, we were able to achieve dendrite-free Zn2+ plating/stripping at 98.4% Coulombic efficiency for approximately 300 cycles in Zn||Cu cell, steady charge-discharge for 1360 h in Zn||Zn symmetric cell, and improved cyclability of 70% retention for 200 cycles in Zn||LMO full cell, outlining a promising strategy to challenge lithium-ion batteries in low-cost, and large-scale applications.

10.
Nanomicro Lett ; 15(1): 171, 2023 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37410259

RESUMO

Dendrite formation severely compromises further development of zinc ion batteries. Increasing the nucleation overpotential plays a crucial role in achieving uniform deposition of metal ions. However, this strategy has not yet attracted enough attention from researchers to our knowledge. Here, we propose that thermodynamic nucleation overpotential of Zn deposition can be boosted through complexing agent and select sodium L-tartrate (Na-L) as example. Theoretical and experimental characterization reveals L-tartrate anion can partially replace H2O in the solvation sheath of Zn2+, increasing de-solvation energy. Concurrently, the Na+ could absorb on the surface of Zn anode preferentially to inhibit the deposition of Zn2+ aggregation. In consequence, the overpotential of Zn deposition could increase from 32.2 to 45.1 mV with the help of Na-L. The Zn-Zn cell could achieve a Zn utilization rate of 80% at areal capacity of 20 mAh cm-2. Zn-LiMn2O4 full cell with Na-L additive delivers improved stability than that with blank electrolyte. This study also provides insight into the regulation of nucleation overpotential to achieve homogeneous Zn deposition.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(38): e202307083, 2023 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37489757

RESUMO

Dual-ion batteries (DIBs) is a promising technology for large-scale energy storage. However, it is still questionable how material structures affect the anion storage behavior. In this paper, we synthesis graphite with an ultra-large interlayer distance and heteroatomic doping to systematically investigate the combined effects on DIBs. The large interlayer distance of 0.51 nm provides more space for anion storage, while the doping of the heteroatoms reduces the energy barriers for anion intercalation and migration and enhances rapid ionic storage at interfaces simultaneously. Based on the synergistic effects, the DIBs composed of carbon cathode and lithium anode afford ultra-high capacity of 240 mAh g-1 at current density of 100 mA g-1 . Dual-carbon batteries (DCBs) using the graphite as both of cathode and anode steadily cycle 2400 times at current density of 1 A g-1 . Hence, this work provides a reference to the strategy of material designs of DIBs and DCBs.

12.
ACS Nano ; 17(12): 11946-11956, 2023 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37318040

RESUMO

Dendrite growth and electrode/electrolyte interface side reactions in aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) not only impair the battery lifetime but also pose serious safety concerns for the battery system, hindering its application in large-scale energy storage systems. Herein, by introducing positively charged chlorinated graphene quantum dot (Cl-GQD) additives into the electrolyte, a bifunctional dynamic adaptive interphase is proposed to achieve Zn deposition regulation and side reaction suppression in AZIBs. During the charging process, the positively charged Cl-GQDs are adsorbed onto the Zn surface, acting as an electrostatic shield layer that facilitates smooth Zn deposition. In addition, the relative hydrophobic properties of chlorinated groups also build a hydrophobic protective interface for the Zn anode, mitigating the corrosion of the Zn anode by water molecules. More importantly, the Cl-GQDs are not consumed throughout the cell operation and exhibit a dynamic reconfiguration behavior, which ensures the stability and sustainability of this dynamic adaptive interphase. Consequently, the cells mediated by the dynamic adaptive interphase enable dendrite-free Zn plating/stripping for more than 2000 h. Particularly, even at 45.5% depth of discharge, the modified Zn//LiMn2O4 hybrid cells still retain 86% capacity retention after 100 cycles, confirming the feasibility of this simple approach for application with limited Zn sources.

13.
Rev Bras Farmacogn ; 33(3): 514-522, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37151218

RESUMO

Influenza is an infectious acute respiratory disease with complications and a high mortality rate; the effective medicines for influenza therapy are limited. "Huanglian" or Coptidis Rhizoma, Coptis chinensis Franch., Ranunculaceae, and "ganjiang" or Zingiberis Rhizoma, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae, combination is clinically used for treating respiratory diseases. HPLC was applied for the quantification of berberine hydrochloride (1.101 mg/ml) and 6-gingerol (38.41 µg/ml) in the H2O-soluble extract of the herbal formulation. In this study, the effect of "huanglian"- "ganjiang" extract on influenza virus H1N1-induced acute pulmonary inflammation was evaluated, in addition to the investigation of its anti-influenza mechanism in a mouse model. The analyzed herbal combination inhibited the expression of cytokine IL-6 and stimulated the expression of IL-2 in the serum of influenza virus-infected mice. Meanwhile, the herbal combination downregulated the gene and protein expression levels of TLR3, TLR7, MyD88, RIG-I, MAVS, TRAF3, and NF-κB p65, which are key targets of toll-like and RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathways in mice. In addition, the herbal combination could also promote the combination of intracellular autophagosomes and lysosomes in autophagosome-lysosome formation and improve impaired fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes by influenza virus. This study suggested that the "huanglian"- "ganjiang" extract may be a candidate therapeutic strategy for the treatment of H1N1 influenza. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s43450-023-00372-z.

14.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 102(2): 316-331, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37156601

RESUMO

Celastrol has been identified as a potential candidate for anticancer drug development. In this study, 28 novel celastrol derivatives with C-6 sulfhydryl substitution and 20-substitution were designed and synthesized, and their antiproliferative activity against human cancer cells and non-malignant human cells was evaluated, with cisplatin and celastrol being used as controls. The results showed that most of the derivatives had enhanced in vitro anticancer activity compared to the parent compound celastrol. Specifically, derivative 2f demonstrated the most potent inhibitory potential and selectivity against HOS with an IC50 value of 0.82 µM. Our study provides new insights into the structure-activity relationship of celastrol and suggests that compound 2f may be a promising drug candidate for the treatment of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Triterpenos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Proliferação de Células , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desenho de Fármacos
15.
Small ; 19(18): e2206655, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737835

RESUMO

Solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) are the core material of solid-state lithium metal batteries (SLMBs), which are being researched urgently owing to their high energy and safety. Both high ionic conductivity and excellent cycling stability remain the primary goal of solid-state electrolytes. Herein, inspired by K+ /Na+ ion channels in cell membrane of eukaryotes, a novel hollow UiO-66 with biomimetic ion channels based on quasi-solid-state electrolytes (QSSEs) is designed. The hollow UiO-66 spheres containing biomimetic ion channels can spontaneously combine anions and incorporate more lithium ions, creating improved ionic conductivity (1.15 × 10-3 S cm-1 ) and lithium-ion transference number (0.70) at room temperature. The long-term cycling of symmetric batteries and COMSOL simulations demonstrate that this biomimetic strategy enables uniform ion flux to suppress Li dendrites. Furthermore, the Li metal full cells paired with LiFePO4 cathode exhibit excellent cycling stability and rate performance. Consequently, the strategy of designing biomimetic QSSEs opens up a new path for developing high-performance electrolytes for SLMBs.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(16): e202301772, 2023 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36807435

RESUMO

Lithium-oxygen batteries (LOBs) are well known for their high energy density. However, their reversibility and rate performance are challenged due to the sluggish oxygen reduction/evolution reactions (ORR/OER) kinetics, serious side reactions and uncontrollable Li dendrite growth. The electrolyte plays a key role in transport of Li+ and reactive oxygen species in LOBs. Here, we tailored a dilute electrolyte by screening suitable crown ether additives to promote lithium salt dissociation and Li+ solvation through electrostatic interaction. The electrolyte containing 100 mM 18-crown-6 ether (100-18C6) exhibits enhanced electrochemical stability and triggers a solution-mediated Li2 O2 growth pathway in LOBs, showing high discharge capacity of 10 828.8 mAh gcarbon -1 . Moreover, optimized electrode/electrolyte interfaces promote ORR/OER kinetics on cathode and achieve dendrite-free Li anode, which enhances the cycle life. This work casts new lights on the design of low-cost dilute electrolytes for high performance LOBs.

17.
Bioorg Chem ; 130: 106224, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332315

RESUMO

Cholinesterase and monoamine oxidase are potential targets for the therapy of Alzheimer's disease. A series of novel AP2238-clorgiline hybrids as multi-target agents were designed, synthesized and investigated in vitro for their inhibition of cholinesterases and monoamine oxidases. Many compounds displayed balanced and good inhibitory activity against AChE, BuChE and MAO-B with an obvious selective inhibitory effect on MAO-B. Among them, Compound 5l showed the most balanced potency to inhibit ChEs (eeAChE: IC50 = 4.03 ± 0.03 µM, eqBuChE: IC50 = 5.64 ± 0.53 µM; hAChE: IC50 = 8.30 ± 0.04 µM, hBuChE: IC50 = 1.91 ± 0.06 µM) and hMAO-B (IC50 = 3.29 ± 0.09 µM). Molecular modeling and kinetic studies showed that 5l was a mixed inhibitor for both AChE and BuChE, and a competitive MAO-B inhibitor. Compound 5l exhibited no toxicity to PC12 and BV-2 cells at 12.5 µM and no acute toxicity at a dosage of 2500 mg/kg. Moreover, 5l can improve the memory function of mice with scopolamine-induced memory impairment and have an excellent ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. Overall, these findings suggested that compound 5l could be deemed as a promising, balanced multi-target drug candidate against Alzheimer's disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Animais , Camundongos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Clorgilina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Colinesterase , Cinética , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Colinesterases/metabolismo , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(12): 123501, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586905

RESUMO

Two pairs of space-resolved extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectrometers working at 5-138 Å with different vertical observation ranges of -7 ≤ Z ≤ 19 and -18 ≤ Z ≤ 8 cm have been newly developed to observe the radial profile of impurity line emissions and to study the transport of high-Z impurity ions intrinsically existing in EAST tokamak plasmas. Both spectrometers are equipped with a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) detector (Andor Marana-X 4.2B-6, Oxford Instruments) with sensitive area of 13.3 × 13.3 mm2 and number of pixels equal to 2048 × 2048 (6.5 × 6.5 µm2/pixels). Compared to the currently operating space-resolved EUV spectrometers with a charge-coupled detector (CCD: 1024 × 255 pixels, 26 × 26 µm2) working at 30-520 Å, this spectrometer's performance was substantially improved by using the CMOS detector. First, the spectral resolution measured at full width at half maximum was improved in the whole wavelength range, e.g., Δλ1/2_CMOS = 0.092 Å and Δλ1/2_CCD = 0.124 Å at C VI 33.73 Å and Δλ1/2_CMOS = 0.104 Å and Δλ1/2_CCD = 0.228 Å at Mo XXXI 115.999 Å, thus enabling a more accurate analysis of spectra with complicated structure such as tungsten unresolved transition array in the range 45-65 Å. Second, the temporal resolution was largely improved due to the high-speed data acquisition system of the CMOS detector, e.g., Δt_CMOS = 15 ms/frame and Δt_CCD = 200 ms/frame at routine operation in the radial profile measurement. Third, signal saturation issues that occurred when using the old CCD sensor during impurity accumulation now disappeared entirely using the CMOS detector due to lower exposure time at high readout rates, which largely improved the observation performance in similar impurity burst events. The above-mentioned performance improvements of the space-resolved EUV spectrometer led to a rapid change in the W XXXIII (52.22 Å) radial profile during a single cycle of low-frequency sawtooth oscillation with fst = 5-6 Hz at a sufficient detector count rate.

19.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(11): 1145-1153, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545981

RESUMO

Interfacial space charge storage between ionic and electronic conductor is a promising scheme to further improve energy and power density of alkali metal ion batteries (AMIBs). However, the general behavior of space charge storage in AMIBs has been less investigated experimentally, mostly due to the complicated electrochemical behavior and lack of proper characterization techniques. Here, we use operando magnetometry to verify that in FeSe2 AMIBs, abundant Li+/Na+/K+ (M+) can be stored at M2Se phase while electrons accumulate at Fe nanoparticles, forming interfacial space charge layers. Magnetic and dynamics tests further demonstrate that with increasing ionic radius from Li+, Na+ to K+, the reaction kinetics can be hindered, resulting in limited Fe formation and reduced space charge storage capacity. This work lays solid foundation for studying the complex interfacial effect in electrochemical processes and designing advanced energy storage devices with substantial capacity and considerable power density.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(50): 11696-11702, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512444

RESUMO

1-Chloronaphthalene (CN) has been a common solvent additive in both fullerene- and nonfullerene-based organic solar cells. In spite of this, its working mechanism is seldom investigated, in particular, during the drying process of bulk heterojunctions composed of a donor:acceptor mixture. In this work, the role of CN in all-polymer solar cells is investigated by in situ spectroscopies and ex situ characterization of blade-coated PBDB-T:PF5-Y5 blends. Our results suggest that the added CN promotes self-aggregation of polymer donor PBDB-T during the drying process of the blend film, resulting in enhanced crystallinity and hole mobility, which contribute to the increased fill factor and improved performance of PBDB-T:PF5-Y5 solar cells. Besides, the nonradiative energy loss of the corresponding device is also reduced by the addition of CN, corresponding to a slightly increased open-circuit voltage. Overall, our observations deepen our understanding of the drying dynamics, which may guide further development of all-polymer solar cells.

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